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Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)

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Οπλοδιδασκαλια sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri
MS 26-232, Albertina
Vienna, Austria
MS 26-232 85r.png
Folio 61r
WiktenauerLeng38.9.11
WierschinHils45
Type
Date ca. 1512
Place of origin Nuremberg, Germany
Language(s) Early New High German
Scribe(s)
Author(s) Unknown
Illustrated by Albrecht Dürer
Size 127 folia
Format Generally single-sided; two
or three illustrations per
side, with text on the right
Script Bastarda
Exemplar(s) Codex I.6.4º.2 (1470s)
Images

Οπλοδιδασκαλια sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri ("Weapon Training, or Albrecht Dürer's Meditation on the Handling of Weapons", MS 26-232) is a German fencing manual created in 1512 by Albrecht Dürer,[1] and is thus the earliest known fencing manual illustrated by a master artist. The original currently rests in the Graphische Sammulung of the Albertina in Vienna, Austria. This treatise, like all of Dürer's fencing material, appears to be connected with the visit of Emperor Maximilian I to Dürer's home city of Nuremberg in 1512.[1]

Dürer was an important figure in the German renaissance, and is noted for his realistic depictions of human anatomy; this is significant as the illustrations in earlier fencing manuals are often considered distorted or otherwise less unreliable. Much of the material seems to be copied from the earlier treatises of the Codex Wallerstein and the Glasgow Fechtbuch, making it part of the Nuremburg tradition. The lost Codex 1246 seems to have been copied in turn from this manuscript (as well as Christian Egenolff's reprint of Andre Paurñfeyndt) in the early 1600s.

Provenance

The known provenance of the MS 26-232 is:[2]

  • Created by Albrecht Durer in Nuremberg in ca. 1512, probably for Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I.
  • Early 1600s - Copied by an unknown scribe to produce the Codex 1246.
  • 1823 - Discovered in Styria, Austria, by theologian Vincenz Weintridt.
  • 1833 - Presented to Emperor Franz I by Weindridt.
  • Present - Held by the Albertina in Vienna, Austria.

Contents

Ir - 3v
4r - 12r Blank
14r - 53r Grappling teachings from the Nuremberg tradition
53r - 59r Blank
60r - 66r Longsword teachings from the Nuremberg tradition
66v - 67v Dagger teachings from the Nuremberg tradition
68r - 72r Blank
73r - 92r Messer teachings from the Nuremberg tradition
93r - 95r Blank
96r - 100v Gloss of the Recital on the Messer by Johannes Lecküchner (abridged)
100v Verse on mounted fencing
100v Recital on short sword fencing by Johannes Liechtenauer
100v Grappling by Ott Jud (fragment)
101r
101rv Short sword fencing by Andre Liegniczer (fragment)
105r - 112v Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on short sword fencing by Sigmund ain Ringeck (jumbled)
112v - 116v
116v - 124r Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on long sword fencing by Jud Lew
125r - 127r

Gallery

As the Albertina has thus far declined to produce new scans, only the fragmentary facsimile published by Friedrich Dörnhöffer in 1910 is currently available.

Front Cover
Inside Cover
Folio 1r
Folio 1v
Folio 1r
Folio 1v
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Folio 126r
Folio 126v
Folio 127r
Folio 127v
Inside Cover
Back Cover

Additional Resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Friedrich Dörnhöffer. Albrecht Dürers Fechtbuch. Vienna: F. Tempsky, 1910.
  2. Jane Campbell Hutchinson. Albrecht Durer. Princeton University Press, 1992.

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Images Friedrich Dörnhöffer Albrecht Dürers Fechtbuch
Public Domain.png
Translation Michael Chidester Wiktenauer
CCBYNCSA30.png
Transcription Friedrich Dörnhöffer, Dierk Hagedorn Index:Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)
Various.png