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Jörg Wilhalm Hutter

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Jörg Wilhalm Hutter
Born 15th century
Died 16th century
Occupation
Citizenship Augsburg, Germany
Movement Augsburg tradition
Influences
Influenced
Genres Fencing manual
Language Early New High German
Notable work(s) Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu
Augspurg
Archetype(s)
Manuscript(s)
Concordance by Michael Chidester
Signature Jörg Wilhalm Hutter sig.jpg

Jörg Wilhalm Hutter was a 16th century German fencing master. In addition to his fencing practice, his surname signifies that he was a hatter by trade, a fact that is confirmed in the tax records of Augsburg, Germany in 1501, 1504, and 1516.[citation needed] His writings clearly show that he stood in the tradition of the grand master Johannes Liechtenauer.

Hutter's treatise appears in four manuscripts written between 1522 and 1523. It covers the three core subjects of the core Liechtenauer tradition, unarmored longsword fencing and armored dueling on horse and on foot; while the longsword material consists largely of a slightly garbled rendering of Liechtenauer's verse, the armored material shows more originality. The oldest of Hutter's manuscripts, Codex I.6.4º.5, consists only of titled illustrations of armored fencing and mounted fencing; for this reason, Hils assumed it was the draftbook used to develop the others.[citation needed] This draftbook, along with the completed Codex I.6.2º.3, were created in 1522. In 1523, Hutter created an accompanying longsword treatise, preserved in the Codex I.6.2º.2. (This was also accompanied by Nicolaüs Augsburger's 1489 longsword treatise, without attribution.)

Some time after this, all of Hutter's works, as well as a brief series of new uncaptioned illustrations possibly drawn from the MS Cl. 23842, were compiled into the Cgm 3711. This manuscript has some oddities not found in the others, including carnival costumes on some of the fighters and a pretzel salesman appearing in the illustration on folio 11r. It's currently unclear whether Hutter was involved in the creation of this manuscript or not, but it might be a presentation copy prepared for a fan of his prior works.

Hutter's longsword treatise was copied by scultor Gregor Erhart into a manuscript in 1533, which was later acquired by Lienhart Sollinger and used as a source for his Cgm 3712. The Codex I.6.2º.2 was acquired by Paulus Hector Mair in 1544, the Codex I.6.4º.5 in 1552, the MS E.1939.65.354 in 1560, and the Codex I.6.2º.3 in 1561. The second was used as the primary source for his writings on armored and mounted fencing; due to its lack of text, he inserted his own descriptions of the devices—descriptions which diverge noticeably from Hutter's own explanations in the Codex I.6.2º.3.

Treatise

Additional Resources

References

  1. windest
  2. korrigiert aus »halben«
  3. from ehert
  4. loss
  5. Treibn?
  6. Meaning as though armored
  7. At the end of the first line “zwiuach” is written with an “h” which is a zcribal error.
  8. Note: different hand
  9. Same hand as previous.
  10. Change in scribe's hand?
  11. schnidt
  12. Change in hand
  13. With a good intention/forethought
  14. Disappears into the margin.
  15. The rest of the paragraph is cut off.
  16. The statement as given in the treatises of Paulus Kal and Hans Talhoffer is "God, thou Eternal Word, help the body here, the soul there". See MS 1825, fol. 5v, MS Chart.A.558, fol. 2r, and Ms.XIX.17-3, fol. 2r.
  17. Word disappears into margin.