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Difference between revisions of "Fechtregeln (MS Best.7020 (W*)150)"

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! id="thin" | <p>Images</p>
 
! id="thin" | <p>Images</p>
! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Christian Trosclair]]</p>
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! <p>{{rating|B}}<br/>by [[Christian Trosclair]]</p>
 
! <p>Transcription<br/>by [[Dieter Bachmann]]</p>
 
! <p>Transcription<br/>by [[Dieter Bachmann]]</p>
  
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| Item. Understand the four<ref>This manuscript spells `fünf` as `vunf` so it may be Five hews. Presented hereafter are: Long edge cuts, Two types of false edge cuts, mittel-haus and wechsel-haus. So depending on whether the author categorized the two false edge cuts as one or two things, we have four or five hews. </ref> hews as so: The high-hew from the right shoulder with the long edge and make [a] positioning with your left foot. Also similarly, the left high-hew make [a] positioning with the right foot and hew with the long edge plunging through your opponent’s head, etc
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| Item. Understand the .F. hews as so: The over-hew from the right shoulder with the long edge and make [a] positioning with your left foot. Also similarly, the left over-hew make [a] positioning with the right foot and hew with the long edge plunging through your opponent’s head, etc
 
| '''<span style="color:#A40000">I</span>'''tem dy .<span style="color:#A40000">V</span>. hewe vernym also, den ouer hewe van der rechter achselin myt langer snyden vnd mach bossen myt dem lincken voysz des glichen yst auch der linck ouer hewe mach bossen myt dem rechten voysz vnd hawe myt der langen snyden durch ym deen koff ym stortz :-
 
| '''<span style="color:#A40000">I</span>'''tem dy .<span style="color:#A40000">V</span>. hewe vernym also, den ouer hewe van der rechter achselin myt langer snyden vnd mach bossen myt dem lincken voysz des glichen yst auch der linck ouer hewe mach bossen myt dem rechten voysz vnd hawe myt der langen snyden durch ym deen koff ym stortz :-
  
 
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| Item. Hew again around through to his head in the shield<ref>Possibly ‘Schielen II’, oblique, like a schielhau</ref>and around again through his head in the plunge<ref>Two cuts, first with the back edge like a schielhau, the second with the back edge like the stürtzhau</ref> and lay the sword upon your back, allow it to sink to the right side. Sweep out<ref> Auskehren</ref> your pommel against your opponent and your point behind, thus you arrive in the right middle-hew. Hew before yourself, around the head into the left middle-hew and again around into the head into the right changer with the long edge down. [Hew] with the short edge up around the head into the left change. These are the four hews. One shall learn each if they otherwise wish to fence properly, etc
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| Item. Hew again around through to his head in the squint<ref>‘Schielen II’, oblique, like a schielhau. alt: shield. alt: dishonestly. alt: scoldingly</ref>and around again through his head in the plunge<ref>Two cuts, first with the back edge like a schielhau, the second with the back edge like the stürtzhau</ref> and lay the sword upon your back, allow it to sink to the right side. Sweep out<ref> Auskehren</ref> your pommel against your opponent and your point behind, thus you arrive in the right middle-hew. Hew before yourself, around the head into the left middle-hew and again around into the head into the right changer with the long edge down. [Hew] with the short edge up around the head into the left change. These are the four hews. One shall learn each if they otherwise wish to fence properly, etc
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem hewe veder vmb durch ym den koff yn schylt vnd vidder vmb durch ym den koff yn stortz, vnd lech das swert vff den ruck laysz esz syncken vff dy rechten syten Keer den knouff gegen den man vnd den ort hynder vsz so komstu yn den rechten myttel hewe Hewe vur ewech vmbden koff yn den lincken myttel hewe, vmd vidder vmb yn den koff yn dy rechte weschel myt der langenn snyden nydder myt der kortzen snydenn '''[2v]''' vff vmb den koff yn den lincken weschell. das synt dy .V. hewe dy eyn ycklin[g]er leren sail der anders recht fechten wil:-
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem hewe veder vmb durch ym den koff yn schylt vnd vidder vmb durch ym den koff yn stortz, vnd lech das swert vff den ruck laysz esz syncken vff dy rechten syten Keer den knouff gegen den man vnd den ort hynder vsz so komstu yn den rechten myttel hewe Hewe vur ewech vmbden koff yn den lincken myttel hewe, vmd vidder vmb yn den koff yn dy rechte weschel myt der langenn snyden nydder myt der kortzen snydenn '''[2v]''' vff vmb den koff yn den lincken weschell. das synt dy .V. hewe dy eyn ycklin[g]er leren sail der anders recht fechten wil:-
  
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Whatever you wish to execute strongly,
 
Whatever you wish to execute strongly,
 
Fence that with your entire body
 
Fence that with your entire body
Both low and high
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Both under and over
 
Execute the two things strongly, that I will praise.</poem>
 
Execute the two things strongly, that I will praise.</poem>
 
| <poem>'''[3r]''' Item hyr nach volget der zedell des langenn swerts
 
| <poem>'''[3r]''' Item hyr nach volget der zedell des langenn swerts
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| <poem>Item. If you frighten easily,
 
| <poem>Item. If you frighten easily,
Do not learn to fence.</poem>
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Do not learn any fencing.</poem>
  
 
Whoever wishes to fence, they shall have a heart of a lion and shall also see as sharply as a falcon and shall also be as agile as a bird.<ref>A proverb similar to the one also found in Kal (Cgm 1507, 6r)</ref>
 
Whoever wishes to fence, they shall have a heart of a lion and shall also see as sharply as a falcon and shall also be as agile as a bird.<ref>A proverb similar to the one also found in Kal (Cgm 1507, 6r)</ref>
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| Item. Understand the four openings in the sword thusly: The two high openings upon the head, the other two low openings to both sides below the arms.
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| Item. Understand the four openings in the sword thusly: The two over-openings upon the head, the other two under-openings to both sides below the arms.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem dy vyer bloyß ym swerd vernym also, dy zwo ouer bloyß am haupt dy ander zwo vnderbloyß zo beyden syten vnder deen armen.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem dy vyer bloyß ym swerd vernym also, dy zwo ouer bloyß am haupt dy ander zwo vnderbloyß zo beyden syten vnder deen armen.
  
 
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| Item. Also undertand the four positions thusly: Position your sword upon the right shoulder and place your body in the scales with good positioning, Also similarly is the left high position, place your right foot forward.
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| Item. Also understand the four lyings thusly: Lay your sword upon the right shoulder and set your body in the scales with a good positioning, Also similarly is the left over-lying, place your right foot forward.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem dy veyr leger vernym al so. lege das swert vff dy rechte aschel vnd setz dyn liff yn wage myt guden bossen des glychen yst auch der lynck ouerleger stell den rechten voyß vur.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem dy veyr leger vernym al so. lege das swert vff dy rechte aschel vnd setz dyn liff yn wage myt guden bossen des glychen yst auch der lynck ouerleger stell den rechten voyß vur.
  
 
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| Understand the right low position thusly: place your left foot forward and position the sword with the hilt upon the right leg, the point against the face of the opponent. Also similarly the left lower position: turn the point of the sword against the face of the opponent.
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| Understand the right under-lying thusly: place your left foot forward and place the sword with the hilt upon the right leg, the point against the face of the opponent. Also similarly the left under-lying: turn the point of the sword against the face of the opponent.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">D</span>as rechte vnder leger v[er]nym also stell den lyncken voyß vur vnd lege das swert myt dem geholtz '''[3v]''' vff das rechte beyn den ort dem man gegent das gesicht, des glich yst auch der linck vnder leger keer das swert denn ort dem mann gegen das gesicht.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">D</span>as rechte vnder leger v[er]nym also stell den lyncken voyß vur vnd lege das swert myt dem geholtz '''[3v]''' vff das rechte beyn den ort dem man gegent das gesicht, des glich yst auch der linck vnder leger keer das swert denn ort dem mann gegen das gesicht.
  
 
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| Item. Understand the four bindings upon the sword thusly: Bind him with the short edge upon the left high opening, step forward and bind him with the long edge upon the right high opening, step forward and strike toward the left lower opening with the short edge and step forward and strike toward the right lower opening with the flat.
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| Item. Understand the four bindings-on in the sword thusly: Bind-on him with the short edge upon the left over-opening, tread forward and bind him with the long edge upon the right over-opening, tread forward and strike toward the left under-opening with the short edge and tread forward and strike toward the right under-opening with the flat.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem dy vyer an bynde ym swert vernym also bynde ym an myt der kortzen snyden an dy lincken ouer bloyß trydt vort vnd byndt ym myt der langen snyden an dy rechte ouer bloyß tryt vortvnd slage ym nach der lyncken vnder bloyß myt der kortzen snyden vnd tryt vort vnd slage ym nach der rechten vnder bloyß myt der flech.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem dy vyer an bynde ym swert vernym also bynde ym an myt der kortzen snyden an dy lincken ouer bloyß trydt vort vnd byndt ym myt der langen snyden an dy rechte ouer bloyß tryt vortvnd slage ym nach der lyncken vnder bloyß myt der kortzen snyden vnd tryt vort vnd slage ym nach der rechten vnder bloyß myt der flech.
  
 
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| Item. One device called the wing.<ref>The Wing Hew in accordance with Hans Sach’s account, flügel; appears in Pauernfeindt; '''“Wing [La Noble Science des Ioueurs Despee (1538): ‘Of the Flight’]''' Wing is taken from the High Guard or High Point, then initially strike from the Day to the left ear, then another from below whilst treading your left side, the thirdly strike backwards at the head.” Interestingly however, Duëz’s '''Französische Grammatica''' mentions on p531 that the translation of “l’epaule, le Flanc” in French is “der Flügel/der Streich”.</ref> Bind him high with the short edge and strike him toward the right lower opening with the long edge and quickly with the short edge toward the high opening and hew through from the man into the left lower position.
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| Item. One play called the wing.<ref>The Wing Hew in accordance with Hans Sach’s account, flügel; appears in Pauernfeindt; '''“Wing [La Noble Science des Ioueurs Despee (1538): ‘Of the Flight’]''' Wing is taken from the High Guard or High Point, then initially strike from the Day to the left ear, then another from below whilst treading your left side, the thirdly strike backwards at the head.” Interestingly however, Duëz’s '''Französische Grammatica''' mentions on p531 that the translation of “l’epaule, le Flanc” in French is “der Flügel/der Streich”.</ref> Bind him above with the short edge and strike him toward the right under-opening with the long edge and quickly with the short edge toward the over-opening and hew through from the man into the left under-lying.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der flogel bynde ym ouen mit der kortzen snyden vnd slage ym nach der rech-ten vnder bloyß mit langer snyden. vnd bald myt der kortzen nach der ouer bloyß vnd hewe durch van dem man yn das lyncke vnder leger.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der flogel bynde ym ouen mit der kortzen snyden vnd slage ym nach der rech-ten vnder bloyß mit langer snyden. vnd bald myt der kortzen nach der ouer bloyß vnd hewe durch van dem man yn das lyncke vnder leger.
  
 
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| Item. One device called the enticement<ref>gamble, entice, pull to and fro</ref>. Act as if you wish to bind upon him right and bind him left and act as if you wish to bind upon him left and bind him right and hew strongly with the long edge from the man into the left lower position if you do not find the opening.
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| Item. One play called the enticement<ref>gamble, entice, pull to and fro</ref>. Act as if you wish to bind-on him right and bind-on him left and act as if you wish to bind-on him left and bind-on him right and hew yourself from the man strongly with the long edge into the left under-lying so that you are not to be found open.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst das verzocking. do als wul'''[4r]'''stu ym recht anbinden vnd bynd ym lincks an vnd do als wulstu ym lyncks an bynden vnd bynde ym rechs an vnd hewe dich starck myt der langen snyden van dem man yn den lyncken vnder leger so bist tu nicht bloyß zo vinden.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst das verzocking. do als wul'''[4r]'''stu ym recht anbinden vnd bynd ym lincks an vnd do als wulstu ym lyncks an bynden vnd bynde ym rechs an vnd hewe dich starck myt der langen snyden van dem man yn den lyncken vnder leger so bist tu nicht bloyß zo vinden.
  
 
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| Item. One device is called the changing-through. Free from both sides, thus you make the opponent fully doubled<ref>confused</ref> and hew freely with stepping from one opening to another, thus may freely wander.
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| Item. One play is called the changing-through. Liberate from both sides, so that you make the opponent fully doubled<ref>confused</ref> and hew freely from one opening to another with stepping, so that [you] may freely wander.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der durch weschell. fry van beyden syten so machs du des mans woel beyden vnd hewe myt schryden fry van eyner bloyß zoder andern so machs frolich wandern.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der durch weschell. fry van beyden syten so machs du des mans woel beyden vnd hewe myt schryden fry van eyner bloyß zoder andern so machs frolich wandern.
  
 
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| Item. One device is called the Iron Gate. Position yourself in the lower left position and let your point sink to the ground and hew the wing and sweep ahead from the right side in the shield<ref>obliquely</ref> and from the left side again in the plunge, thus you go from the iron gate to the alley-hew.
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| Item. One play is called the Iron Gate. Lay yourself in the left under-lying and let your point sink to the ground and hew the wing and sweep ahead from the right side in the squint<ref>obliquely, alt: shield</ref> and from the left side again in the plunge, thus you come into the alley-hew from the iron gate .
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck dy yser porte geheyssen. lege dich yn das lynck vnder leger vnd layß den ort synckenn vff dy erde vnd hewe den flogell vnd strych vß der rechten syten vur yn schylt vnd vß der lincker syten widder vff yn stortz so komstu vß der ysern porten yn den gassenhewe.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck dy yser porte geheyssen. lege dich yn das lynck vnder leger vnd layß den ort synckenn vff dy erde vnd hewe den flogell vnd strych vß der rechten syten vur yn schylt vnd vß der lincker syten widder vff yn stortz so komstu vß der ysern porten yn den gassenhewe.
  
 
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| Item. One device is called the plow. Understand the plow thusly: Wind out from the right position into the left and from the left again into the right, thus you see what the opponent wishes to execute upon you or if he thrusts, you can break him.
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| Item. One play is called the plow. Understand the plow thusly: Wind out from the right lying into the left and from the left again into the right, so that you see what the opponent wishes to execute upon you or if he thrusts, you can break him.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der pluck. den pluck vernym '''[4v]''' also wendt vß dem rechten leger yn den lincken vnd vß dem lincken widder yn rechten so sichstu was der man vff dych dryben will ader stycht her du kanß ym brechenn.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der pluck. den pluck vernym '''[4v]''' also wendt vß dem rechten leger yn den lincken vnd vß dem lincken widder yn rechten so sichstu was der man vff dych dryben will ader stycht her du kanß ym brechenn.
  
 
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| Item. One device called the fool. Understand the fool thusly:  Turn the point in the air and hold the shield before the head. Whatever the opponent strikes from-the-day,<ref>vom tag</ref>one can break with it.
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| Item. One play called the fool. Understand the fool thusly:  Turn the point in the air and hold the shield<ref>alt: squint. Schilt is used as squint elsewhere in this document.</ref> before the head. Whatever the opponent strikes from-the-day,<ref>vom tag</ref>one can break with it.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der olber. den olber vernym also kere den ort yn dy lucht vnd halt den schiltvur den koff was der man slecht van dach das kan man dar myt brechenn:-
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der olber. den olber vernym also kere den ort yn dy lucht vnd halt den schiltvur den koff was der man slecht van dach das kan man dar myt brechenn:-
  
 
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| Item. One device named the squinter. Understand the squinter thusly: Squint left and slash right and squint left and slash left. Thus, you confound the opponent with a face of joy<ref>exhileration, intent</ref> he does not see.<ref>understand, perceive</ref>
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| Item. One play named the squinter. Understand the squinter thusly: Squint left and slash right and squint left and slash left. Thus, you confound the opponent with a face of joy<ref>exhileration, intent</ref> he does not see.<ref>understand, perceive</ref>
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der schilder. den schilder vernym also schyl lincks vnd slach rechs, vnd schil rechst vnd slach lincks. so veruerß du den man mit dem gesicht des frewet her sych nycht.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der schilder. den schilder vernym also schyl lincks vnd slach rechs, vnd schil rechst vnd slach lincks. so veruerß du den man mit dem gesicht des frewet her sych nycht.
  
 
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| Item. One device called the clanger. Understand the clanger thusly: Clang once, twice, thrice upon his edge so you may find his opening.
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| Item. One play called the clanger. Understand the clanger thusly: Clang once, twice, thrice upon his edge so that you may find him open.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der scheller. den scheller vernym also schelle eyn mael. Zwei. dry. vidder syme clyngen so machst du yn bloyß vynden :-
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der scheller. den scheller vernym also schelle eyn mael. Zwei. dry. vidder syme clyngen so machst du yn bloyß vynden :-
  
 
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| Item. One device called the inverter. Understand the inverter thusly: Position your sword before your head. Allow your point to sink down behind and turn it to the right side and to the left. Fly from one to the other so he cannot protect himself from you, so if you attempt to find an opening quite quickly, the inverter is correct, etc <ref>A similar description appears in Meyer, 1.19v.1 (Forgeng 2006, 64).</ref>
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| Item. One play called the inverter. Understand the inverter thusly: Lay your sword before your head. Allow your point to sink down behind and turn it to the right side and to the left quickly from one to the other so that he cannot hold himself before you. If you attempt to find him open quite quickly, then the inverter is correct, etc <ref>A similar description appears in Meyer, 1.19v.1 (Forgeng 2006, 64).</ref>
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der verkerer. den verkerer '''[5r]''' vernym also lech dyn swerd vuer den koff. layß den ort hinder nidder sincken vnd kerre yn vff dy recht syten vnd vff dy lincken flucks van eyner zo<sup> der </sup>ander so kan er sich vur dyr nyt huden so machs du yn gare balde bloyß vynden so yst der verkerer gerecht:-
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der verkerer. den verkerer '''[5r]''' vernym also lech dyn swerd vuer den koff. layß den ort hinder nidder sincken vnd kerre yn vff dy recht syten vnd vff dy lincken flucks van eyner zo<sup> der </sup>ander so kan er sich vur dyr nyt huden so machs du yn gare balde bloyß vynden so yst der verkerer gerecht:-
  
 
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| Item. One device called the ox. Understand the oxen thusly: Set the pommel upon the chest, the point against the opponent’s face and press strongly to him and hew in the winger and fly from the right side in the shield. Slash from the shield toward the upper left opening and swing toward the right, thus he must parry or become struck hard, etc.
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| Item. One play called the ox<ref>alt: armpit</ref>. Understand the oxen thusly: Set the pommel upon the chest, the point against the opponent’s face and press<ref>alt: penetrate</ref> strongly into him and hew in the winger and quickly from the right side in the squint. Slash from the squint to the left over-opening and disappear<ref>alt: retreat, recede, vanish</ref> to the right, thus he must parry or become struck hard, etc.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der ocks. den ocksen vernym also sets den knouff an dy brust den ort dem man gegen dem gesycht vnd drynge starck zo ym vnd hewe yn den flogel vnd flucks vß der rechten syten yn schyll slach vß dem schylt nach der lincken ouerbloyß vnd swyndt nach der rechten so muß er versetzen ader wyrt hart geslagenn:-
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der ocks. den ocksen vernym also sets den knouff an dy brust den ort dem man gegen dem gesycht vnd drynge starck zo ym vnd hewe yn den flogel vnd flucks vß der rechten syten yn schyll slach vß dem schylt nach der lincken ouerbloyß vnd swyndt nach der rechten so muß er versetzen ader wyrt hart geslagenn:-
  
 
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| Item. One device called the speaking window. Understand the speaking window thusly: Make a wind in front of the head, such that your arms are crosswise, so there-between you discern whatever the opponent wishes to execute and execute quite great sweeps thereafter. From the speaking window you can strike him to both sides, left or right, etc.
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| Item. One play called the speaking window. Understand the speaking window thusly: Make a wind in front of the head, such that your arms are crosswise, so there-between you discern whatever the opponent wishes to execute and execute quite great sweeps thereafter. From the speaking window you can strike him to both sides, left or right, etc.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der sprech vinster. das vernym also mach eyn winde vur dem kopf das dyn armen krutzwerß synt so sychstu dar zußen vß was der man dryben will vnd gayn gare grosse streych dar nach '''[5v]''' vß dem sprech vinster du kanst yn zo beyden syten slagen lyncks ader rechs:-
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der sprech vinster. das vernym also mach eyn winde vur dem kopf das dyn armen krutzwerß synt so sychstu dar zußen vß was der man dryben will vnd gayn gare grosse streych dar nach '''[5v]''' vß dem sprech vinster du kanst yn zo beyden syten slagen lyncks ader rechs:-
  
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| Item. A device called the golden-hews. Act as if you wish bind upon him right and bind upon him left, strike him two or three times after each other toward his high right opening, thus are the golden-hews correct, etc.
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| Item. A play called the golden-hews. Act as if you wish bind-on him right and bind-on him left. Strike him two or three strike after each other toward his right over-opening, thus are the golden-hews correct, etc.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der <u>gulden hewe</u>. do alß wolstu ym rechst an bynden vnd bynd ym lincks an slage ym zween ader dry slege nach en andern nach siner rechten ouer bloyß so yst der gulden hewe recht:-
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn stuck heyst der <u>gulden hewe</u>. do alß wolstu ym rechst an bynden vnd bynd ym lincks an slage ym zween ader dry slege nach en andern nach siner rechten ouer bloyß so yst der gulden hewe recht:-
  
 
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|  
 
|  
| Item. A break for the golden hews.  When you see that someone wishes to break the golden hews, strike him with the short edge upon his high left opening. Whatever he then strikes, you can parry and step back and if [he] hews you with the golden hews, [hew] through from the man in the plunge and place yourself in the lower left position, thus you are again prepared, etc.
+
| Item. A break for the golden hews.  When you see that someone wishes to break the golden hews, strike him with the short edge upon his left over-opening. Whatever he then strikes, you can parry and tread backwards and hew yourself through in the plunge from the opponent with the golden hews and place yourself in the left under-lying, thus you are again prepared, etc.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn broch ouer den <u>gulden hewe</u>. Wan du suchs das eyner den gulden hewe bruchen wyll so slage ym mit der kortzen snyden an syn<sup> linck </sup>ouer bloiß was er dan slecht das kanstu versetzenvnd tryt zo ruck vnd hewe dich mit dem gulden '''[6r]''' hewe van dem man durch yn sturtz vnd lechs dich in das linck vnder leger so bistu widder gewapent:-
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn broch ouer den <u>gulden hewe</u>. Wan du suchs das eyner den gulden hewe bruchen wyll so slage ym mit der kortzen snyden an syn<sup> linck </sup>ouer bloiß was er dan slecht das kanstu versetzenvnd tryt zo ruck vnd hewe dich mit dem gulden '''[6r]''' hewe van dem man durch yn sturtz vnd lechs dich in das linck vnder leger so bistu widder gewapent:-
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| Item. One device called the triangle. Understand the triangle thusly: Position yourself in the right changer and step with the right foot upon his right side and collide with the short edge into his sword and spring behind him with your left foot so you find his head open, etc.
+
| Item. One play called the triangle. Understand the triangle thusly: Lay yourself in the right changer and step with the right foot upon his right side and shove-up his sword with the short edge and spring behind him with your left foot so you find him open on the head, etc.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem<sup> eyn </sup>stuck heyst der <u>dryangel</u>. den dryangel vernym also lech dich in dy rechte weschel vnd schrydt myt dym rechten voyß vff syn rechte syt vnd stoß mit der kortzer snyden ym syn swert vff, vnd springe myt dynem lincken voyß hynder yn so vynstu yn bloyß am kopf:-
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem<sup> eyn </sup>stuck heyst der <u>dryangel</u>. den dryangel vernym also lech dich in dy rechte weschel vnd schrydt myt dym rechten voyß vff syn rechte syt vnd stoß mit der kortzer snyden ym syn swert vff, vnd springe myt dynem lincken voyß hynder yn so vynstu yn bloyß am kopf:-
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| Item. A break for the triangle. when you see that one wishes to break the triangle, lay in the shield and step back and parry it with the golden parrying, strike him toward the nearest high opening, etc.
+
| Item. A break for the triangle. when you see that one wishes to break the triangle, lay in the squint<ref>alt: shield</ref> and tread backwards and parry it with the golden parrying, strike to the nearest front opening of his, etc.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn broch vuer den <u>dryangel</u>. wan du sychs das eyner den dryangel bruchen will so lege yn den schylt vnd tryt zo ruck vnd versetz em myt der gulden versetzynge slage ym nachder neyster vuer bloyß:-
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn broch vuer den <u>dryangel</u>. wan du sychs das eyner den dryangel bruchen will so lege yn den schylt vnd tryt zo ruck vnd versetz em myt der gulden versetzynge slage ym nachder neyster vuer bloyß:-
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| Item. The curved-binding-on. Understand the curved-binding-on thusly: Act as you wish to bind him right and bind him with the long edge left and withdraw as if you wish to bind right and remain on the same side, strike to the high right opening with the short edge, swing toward the left and if he hews upon you with the golden hews so that he does not enjoy himself, etc.
+
| Item. The crooked-binding-on. Understand the crooked-binding-on thusly: Act as you wish to bind-on him right and bind-on him with the long edge left and yank as if you wish to bind-on right and remain on the same side. Strike to the right over-opening with the short edge, disappear to the left and hew yourself upon [him] with the golden hews so that he cannot free himself, etc.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem das krom <u>anbyndung</u>. dy krom anbyndung vernym '''[6v]''' also do wy du wuls ym recht anbynden vnd byndt ym myt der langen snyden lincks an vnd zock wy du ym wuls rechs anbynden vnd blyue an der seluer syten slage yn dy recht ouer bloyß mit der kortzen snyden swyn[dt] nach der lyncken vnd hewe dich aff myt der gulden hewe des mach er sich nyt frewen:-
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem das krom <u>anbyndung</u>. dy krom anbyndung vernym '''[6v]''' also do wy du wuls ym recht anbynden vnd byndt ym myt der langen snyden lincks an vnd zock wy du ym wuls rechs anbynden vnd blyue an der seluer syten slage yn dy recht ouer bloyß mit der kortzen snyden swyn[dt] nach der lyncken vnd hewe dich aff myt der gulden hewe des mach er sich nyt frewen:-
  
Line 255: Line 255:
 
| <poem style="font-weight:bold;">Item. Whoever waits upon another’s hews,
 
| <poem style="font-weight:bold;">Item. Whoever waits upon another’s hews,
 
The permit their Art no joy.
 
The permit their Art no joy.
Hew high upon whatever you wish
+
Hew-upon above whatever you wish
 
No changer arrives in the shield
 
No changer arrives in the shield
 
To the head, to the body
 
To the head, to the body
Line 280: Line 280:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| Item. A sword taking. Understand it thusly: Act as if you wish to bind upon your opponent high and reach out with the left hand upon his arm with a twisted hand into his hilt and back after you, thus you take his sword, etc.
+
| Item. A sword taking. Understand it thusly: Bind-on upon the opponent above and with the left hand grab into his hilt onto his arm with a inverted hand and move [it] towards you, so that you take the sword from him, etc.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn <u>swert nemen</u>. das vernym also byndt dem mann ouen an vnd gryff myt der lyncker hant '''[7r]''' vszen vff syn arm mit verkerter hant yn syn gehultz vnd ruck nach dyr so nymstu ym das swert:-
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn <u>swert nemen</u>. das vernym also byndt dem mann ouen an vnd gryff myt der lyncker hant '''[7r]''' vszen vff syn arm mit verkerter hant yn syn gehultz vnd ruck nach dyr so nymstu ym das swert:-
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| Item.  Another sword taking. Understand it thusly: Act as if you wish to bind upon him strongly and fall upon him with the hilt over his edge and with the left hand upon his hilt back strongly to you, thus you take his sword and stand in contest, etc.
+
| Item.  Another sword taking. Understand it thusly: Act as if you wish to bind-on him strongly and fall upon him with the hilt over his blade and move [him] with the left hand on his hilt strongly into you, so that you take his sword and stand in the struggle, etc.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem auer eyn swert nemen. das vernym also do als wuls du ym starck anbynden vnd valle ym myt dynem gehults vuer syn clynge vnd myt der lincker hant an syn gehultz ruck starck zo dyr so nymstu ym das swert vnd steyst ym kampff:-
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem auer eyn swert nemen. das vernym also do als wuls du ym starck anbynden vnd valle ym myt dynem gehults vuer syn clynge vnd myt der lincker hant an syn gehultz ruck starck zo dyr so nymstu ym das swert vnd steyst ym kampff:-
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| Item. A free device as one shall throw their opponent in the sword. Understand it thusly: Bind high upon him strongly and grasp his right elbow with the left hand, shove him strongly away into his face, thus you through him upon his back, etc.
+
| Item. A free play. How one shall throw the opponent in the sword. Understand it thusly: Bind-on him strongly above and grab him on his right elbow with your left hand, shove him by his face strongly upwards, thus you throw him upon his back, etc.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem <u>eyn fry stuck wy</u> man den man werffen sall ym swerdt. das vernym also byndt ym starck ouen an vnd gryff yn mit dyner lincken hant an syn rechten elenbogen stoyß ym starck vff an syn gesicht so wyrff du yn vff syn ruck:-
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem <u>eyn fry stuck wy</u> man den man werffen sall ym swerdt. das vernym also byndt ym starck ouen an vnd gryff yn mit dyner lincken hant an syn rechten elenbogen stoyß ym starck vff an syn gesicht so wyrff du yn vff syn ruck:-
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| Item. When you wish to smite your opponent upon the head, act as if you wish to bind strongly and grasp with you left hand between his hilt and pull strongly toward yourself, thus you make his head open, etc.
+
| Item. When you wish to smite your opponent upon the head, act as if you wish to bind-on strongly and grap amidst his hilt with your left hand and move [him] strongly to you, so that you make his head open, etc.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem wan du eyn man vff den koff wyls smißenn. do wy du ym starck wuls anbynden vnd gryff mit dyner lincker hant zußenn syn gehultz vnd ruck '''[7v]''' starck nach dyr so machs du ym den koff bloyß:-
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem wan du eyn man vff den koff wyls smißenn. do wy du ym starck wuls anbynden vnd gryff mit dyner lincker hant zußenn syn gehultz vnd ruck '''[7v]''' starck nach dyr so machs du ym den koff bloyß:-
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| Item. A running-over in the sword as you shall throw the opponent. Understand it thusly: Act as if you wish to bind right and bind upon him crossed. Wind upon his blade with the short edge. Grasp your blade with your left hand, lay the sword upon his neck and step with your left foot behind his left, pull him strongly toward yourself, thus he must fall, etc.
+
| Item. A running-over in the sword as you shall throw the opponent. Understand it thusly: Act as if you wish to bind-on right and bind-on him crooked. Wind upon his blade with the short edge. Grab onto the blade with your left hand, lay the sword upon his neck and tread with your left foot behind his left, move him strongly to you, so that he must fall, etc.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn ouer lauff <u>ym swerdt wy du</u> eyn man werffen sals. das vernym also do we du ym wuls recht an bynden vnd byndt ym kromß an wynd myt der kortzen snyden vff syn klyngen gryff mit dyner lincker hant an dyn clynge lege ym das swertan den hals vnd tryt mit dynem lincken voyß hynder synen lincken, ruck yn starck nach dir so moyß er vallen:-
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn ouer lauff <u>ym swerdt wy du</u> eyn man werffen sals. das vernym also do we du ym wuls recht an bynden vnd byndt ym kromß an wynd myt der kortzen snyden vff syn klyngen gryff mit dyner lincker hant an dyn clynge lege ym das swertan den hals vnd tryt mit dynem lincken voyß hynder synen lincken, ruck yn starck nach dir so moyß er vallen:-
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| Item. A running-under in the sword. Understand it thusly: Act as if you wish to bind high and shove his hilt with the cross over itself, thus you grasp him therewith or whatever you may take hold of, etc.
+
| Item. A running-under in the sword. Understand it thusly: Act as if you wish to bind-on above and shove his hilt over itself with the cross, so that you grab him with that or whatever you may take hold of, etc.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn <u>vnder lauff</u> ym swerdt. das vernym also do wy du ym wuls hoch an bynden vnd stoeß myt krutz ym syn gehultz ouer sych, so gryffsdu yn da mit ader wa du yn geuaßen machs:-
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem eyn <u>vnder lauff</u> ym swerdt. das vernym also do wy du ym wuls hoch an bynden vnd stoeß myt krutz ym syn gehultz ouer sych, so gryffsdu yn da mit ader wa du yn geuaßen machs:-
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| Item ‘B’. Weak and strong. Understand it thusly: High near the point is the weak and the midpart of the edge is the Strong that you shall especially execute with the short edge, etc.
+
| Item ‘B’. Weak and strong. Understand it thusly: High near the point is the weak and the midpart of the blade is the strong, that you shall drive well with the short edge, etc.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">b I</span>tem <u>swech vnd sterck</u> vernym also oben<sup> by </sup>dem ort yst dy swech vnd der myttel deyl der cly[n]gen yst dy sterck das sulles du myt der kortzen snyden seer dryuenn:-
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">b I</span>tem <u>swech vnd sterck</u> vernym also oben<sup> by </sup>dem ort yst dy swech vnd der myttel deyl der cly[n]gen yst dy sterck das sulles du myt der kortzen snyden seer dryuenn:-
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| Item ‘A’. Weak and strong, short and long is is the entire art. One begins thereupon you hold all Art holds distance [and] measure, etc.
+
| Item ‘A’. Weak and strong, short and long the entire art is of one origin. Thereupon firmly embrace: All art has length, measure, etc.
 
| '''[8r]''' <span style="color:#A40000">a I</span>tem <u>swech vnd starck kortz</u> vnd langk yst aller konst eyn anphanck dar vff dicht vast alle konst halt lengen mayß:-
 
| '''[8r]''' <span style="color:#A40000">a I</span>tem <u>swech vnd starck kortz</u> vnd langk yst aller konst eyn anphanck dar vff dicht vast alle konst halt lengen mayß:-
  
Line 322: Line 322:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| Item. A device called the lion. Understand it thusly: Set yourself in the scales and with your head not too high, hew from the four points with strength, so you have made the lion and before another two to him step well, etc.
+
| Item. A play called the lion. Understand it thusly: Set yourself in the scales and with your head not too high, hew from the four points<ref>alt: corners, angles, extremities, spots, places</ref> with strength, so you have made the lion and if you are before another, and is good before the other two in the confrontation, etc.
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem <u>eyn stuck heyst der leue</u>. den vernym also setzdych yn dy wage vnd mit dynem koff nyt zo hoych hewe vß vyer orten<sup> myt </sup>stercken so hastu des leuen moyt vnd byst vur ander zween ym stryt gu<sup>e</sup>tt..
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem <u>eyn stuck heyst der leue</u>. den vernym also setzdych yn dy wage vnd mit dynem koff nyt zo hoych hewe vß vyer orten<sup> myt </sup>stercken so hastu des leuen moyt vnd byst vur ander zween ym stryt gu<sup>e</sup>tt..
  
Line 704: Line 704:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| Note: still another technique in the lower right engagement is to act as though you would bind on the right and bind his left and thrust in close to the lower openings :~
+
| Note: still another technique in the lower right engagement is to act as though you would bind on the right and bind his left and thrust in close to the under-openings :~
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem noch eyn stuck ym rechten vnder anbyndunck '''[22r]''' do as wuls du ym recht anbynden vnd bynt ym lincks an vnd stoeß ym na der vnder bloeß:-
 
| <span style="color:#A40000">I</span>tem noch eyn stuck ym rechten vnder anbyndunck '''[22r]''' do as wuls du ym recht anbynden vnd bynt ym lincks an vnd stoeß ym na der vnder bloeß:-
  

Revision as of 16:51, 28 February 2016

Fechtregeln
MS Best.7020 (W*)150, Historisches Archiv
Cologne, Germany

ff 1v - 2r
WiktenauerLeng
Wierschin20Hils25
Type
Date ca. 1500
Language(s) Early New High German
(Ripuarian)
Author(s) Unknown
Size 22 folia
Format Double-sided
External data Handschriftencensus
Treatise scans Microfilm scans
Other translations Traduction française

Fechtregeln ("Fencing Rules"; MS Bestand 7020 (W*)150) is an anonymous German fencing manual created around the turn of the 16th century.[1] It resided in the holdings of the Historisches Archiv der Stadt Köln in Cologne, Germany, but was unfortunately housed in the wing of the Archive that collapsed in 3 March 2009;[2] its current status is unknown, and it may be lost or destroyed. Fechtregeln, also sometimes called the "Kölner Fechtbuch" (Fencing Manual of Cologne), contains a few verses resembling Johannes Liechtenauer's Recital, but it has few other obvious parallels to the teachings of the high master.[1] However, as James Wallhausen points out, it does bear a certain resemblance to the syllabus of the Marxbrüder fencing guild as described by Hans Sachs.[3]

Provenance

The known provenance of the MS Bestand 7020 (W*)150 is:

  • Created in ca. 1500[1] by an anonymous scribe; the dialect of German used in the text (Ripuarian) suggests an origin in Cologne, Germany.[4]
  • before 1824 – acquired by scholar and collector Ferdinand Franz Wallraf (donated upon his death, 1824).
  • 1824-2009 – held by the Historisches Archiv der Stadt Köln (potentially destroyed, 2009).
  • 2009-present – status unknown.

Contents

1rv
2r - 8r
10v - 12r
13r - 16v
16v - 17r
20r
20v
21v - 22r

Gallery


Front Cover
Inside Cover
Folio 1r
Folio 1v
Folio 2r
Folio 2v
Folio 3r
Folio 3v
Folio 4r
Folio 4v
Folio 5r
Folio 5v
Folio 6r
Folio 6v
Folio 7r
Folio 7v
Folio 8r
Folio 8v
Folio 9r
Folio 9v
Folio 10r
Folio 10v
Folio 11r
Folio 11v
Folio 12r
Folio 12v
Folio 13r
Folio 13v
Folio 14r
Folio 14v
Folio 15r
Folio 15v
Folio 16r
Folio 16v
Folio 17r
Folio 17v
Folio 18r
Folio 18v
Folio 19r
Folio 19v
Folio 20r
Folio 20v
Folio 21r
Folio 21v
Folio 22r
Folio 22v
Inside Cover
Back Cover

Additional Resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Matthias Johannes Bauer. "Köln, Hist. Archiv der Stadt, Best. 7020 (W*) 150". Handschriftencensus. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der handschriftlichen Überlieferung deutschsprachiger Texte des Mittelalters. October, 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  2. Newspaper article Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung 01.03.2010
  3. James Wallhausen. "The Fight-Lore of the Long Sword From the Kölner Fechtbuch (MS Best.7020)". Paleoeskirmology Historical Combat Systems. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  4. Handschriftencensus Rheinland. Erfassung mittelalterlicher Handschriften im rheinischen Landesteil von Nordrhein-Westfalen mit einem Inventar. Ed. Günter Gattermann. 1993. Vol. 2, pp. 1319f. (Nr. 2488)
  5. pose,stance
  6. ‘Schielen II’, oblique, like a schielhau. alt: shield. alt: dishonestly. alt: scoldingly
  7. Two cuts, first with the back edge like a schielhau, the second with the back edge like the stürtzhau
  8. Auskehren
  9. A proverb similar to the one also found in Kal (Cgm 1507, 6r)
  10. The Wing Hew in accordance with Hans Sach’s account, flügel; appears in Pauernfeindt; “Wing [La Noble Science des Ioueurs Despee (1538): ‘Of the Flight’] Wing is taken from the High Guard or High Point, then initially strike from the Day to the left ear, then another from below whilst treading your left side, the thirdly strike backwards at the head.” Interestingly however, Duëz’s Französische Grammatica mentions on p531 that the translation of “l’epaule, le Flanc” in French is “der Flügel/der Streich”.
  11. gamble, entice, pull to and fro
  12. confused
  13. obliquely, alt: shield
  14. alt: squint. Schilt is used as squint elsewhere in this document.
  15. vom tag
  16. exhileration, intent
  17. understand, perceive
  18. A similar description appears in Meyer, 1.19v.1 (Forgeng 2006, 64).
  19. alt: armpit
  20. alt: penetrate
  21. alt: retreat, recede, vanish
  22. alt: shield
  23. withdrawal
  24. sweeps
  25. alt: corners, angles, extremities, spots, places
  26. Inside and outside the joint’s natural Range of Motion (ROM).
  27. Messer equivalent to the Long Sword’s Wechsel.
  28. Liechtenauerian verse, non-attributed. Repeated from 3r.
  29. Outside the Range of Motion (ROM).
  30. Within the Range of Motion (ROM).
  31. Bogen in Meyer (1570), 2.2r, 11r ff., 17r, 36v ff., 39v ff. The implication here is that it is a small curve, bow, or arch.
  32. &ndsp;
  33. Liechtenauer verse.
  34. Pseudo-zettel, referring to the four openings (vier blossen) verse.
  35. Could also refer to “No threat”, or “no guarantee” (keine gewähr).
  36. Or “That technique is not one of any known: ~”

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Images Historisches Archiv Historisches Archiv
Public Domain.png
Translation Christian Trosclair Wiktenauer
CCBYNCSA30.png
Translation James Wallhausen Paleoeskirmology Historical Combat Systems
Copyrighted.png
Transcription Dieter Bachmann Index:Fechtregeln (MS Best.7020 (W*)150)
Public Domain Contribution.png