|Filippo di Bartolomeo Dardi|
||Bartolomeo Dardi (father)|
||University of Bologna|
||Guido Antonio di Luca|
Filippo Dardi (died 1464) was a 15th century Italian fencing master. He was an expert not only on fencing, but also astrology, astronomy, geometry, and mathematics. The son of Bartolomeo (or Dardo) Dardi, he was probably Bolognese by birth (though records exist of a Spanish Lippo Dardi teaching at the University of Bologna between 1444 and 1453).
In 1412, Dardi was licensed as a fencing master and opened a school in Bologna (in via Pietralata); beginning in 1443, he received an annual stipend of 150 lire from the city in exchange for reducing his fees. In 1434, he seems to have written a treatise on fencing and geometry, and was subsequently given a professorship in geometry at the University of Bologna. Though Dardi's treatise has since been lost, he influenced a great number of prominent 16th century masters, including Antonio Manciolino, Achilles Marozzo, Angelo Viggiani, and Giovanni dall'Agocchie. Dardi is often credited as the founder of the Bolognese school of swordsmanship, though is can't be demonstrated from available information; he may simply be the earliest fencer from Bologna whose name is well-known.