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<!----------Name---------->
 
<!----------Name---------->
 
| name              = [[name::Il Fior di Battaglia]]
 
| name              = [[name::Il Fior di Battaglia]]
| location          = [[inventory::MS Ludwig XV 13]], [[museum::J. Paul Getty Museum]]<br/>Los Angeles, California
+
| location          = [[inventory::MS Ludwig ⅩⅤ 13]], [[museum::J. Paul Getty Museum]]<br/>Los Angeles, California
 
<!----------Image---------->
 
<!----------Image---------->
 
| image              = file:MS Ludwig XV 13 01r.jpg
 
| image              = file:MS Ludwig XV 13 01r.jpg
| width              = 125px
+
| width              = x200px
 
| caption            = Title page, fol. 1r
 
| caption            = Title page, fol. 1r
 +
| keyimage          = file:MS Ludwig XV 13 01r.jpg
 
<!----------General---------->
 
<!----------General---------->
 
| Index number      = [[WI::—]]
 
| Index number      = [[WI::—]]
Line 13: Line 14:
 
| Beck catalog      = [[BC::—]]
 
| Beck catalog      = [[BC::—]]
 
| Also known as      =  
 
| Also known as      =  
| Type              = {{plainlist | [[type::Fencing manual]] | [[type::Wrestling manual]] }}
+
| Type              = {{plainlist
 +
| [[type::Fencing manual]]
 +
| [[type::Wrestling manual]]
 +
}}
 
| Date              = [[year::1404|ca. 1404 (?)]]
 
| Date              = [[year::1404|ca. 1404 (?)]]
 
| Place of origin    = Milan, Italy
 
| Place of origin    = Milan, Italy
Line 20: Line 24:
 
| Author(s)          = [[author::Fiore de'i Liberi]]
 
| Author(s)          = [[author::Fiore de'i Liberi]]
 
| Compiled by        =  
 
| Compiled by        =  
| Illuminated by    = Unknown (at least two artists)
+
| Illuminated by    = [[artist::Michelino Molinari da Besozzo]] (or follower)
 
| Patron            =  
 
| Patron            =  
| Dedicated to      = Niccolò III Marquis d'Este
+
| Dedicated to      = Niccolò III, Marquis d'Este
 
<!----------Form and content---------->
 
<!----------Form and content---------->
| Material          = Parchment, in a pasteboard <br/>leather binding
+
| Material          = Parchment, in a pasteboard leather <br/>binding
| Size              = 49 [[folia]]
+
| Size              = 47 [[folia]] (205 mm × 280 mm)
| Format            = Double-sided; four illustrations <br/>per side, with text above each
+
| Format            = Double-sided; four illustrations per side, <br/>with text above each
 
| Condition          =  
 
| Condition          =  
| Script            = [[script::Bastarda]]
+
| Script            =  
 
| Contents          =  
 
| Contents          =  
 
| Illumination(s)    =  
 
| Illumination(s)    =  
Line 36: Line 40:
 
| Discovered        =  
 
| Discovered        =  
 
| Website            = [http://www.getty.edu/cona/CONAFullSubject.aspx?subid=700002326 Museum catalog entry]
 
| Website            = [http://www.getty.edu/cona/CONAFullSubject.aspx?subid=700002326 Museum catalog entry]
| Images            = {{plainlist | [http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj{{=}}1706 Digital scans] (3000x4500) | [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:MS._LUDWIG_XV_13_%28Getty_museum%29_-_The_Flower_of_Battle Digital scans] (3000x4500) | [http://www.googleartproject.com/artist/fiore-furlan-dei-liberi-da-premariacco/6826201/ Digital scans] (3000x4500) }}
+
| Images            = {{plainlist
 +
| [http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj{{=}}1706 Digital scans] (3000x4500)
 +
| [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:MS._LUDWIG_XV_13_%28Getty_museum%29_-_The_Flower_of_Battle Digital scans] (3000x4500)
 +
| [http://www.googleartproject.com/artist/fiore-furlan-dei-liberi-da-premariacco/6826201/ Digital scans] (3000x4500)
 +
}}
 
| below              =  
 
| below              =  
 
}}
 
}}
'''''Fior di Battaglia''''' ("The Flower of Battle", MS Ludwig XV 13) is an [[nationality::Italian]] [[fencing manual]] authored by [[Fiore de'i Liberi]], possibly created for the Milanese diplomatic mission to Ferrara in 1404.{{cn}} The original currently rests in the holdings of the [[J. Paul Getty Museum]] in Los Angeles, California. Its preface, format, illustrations, and text are all very similar to the [[Fior di Battaglia (MS M.383)|MS M.383]]. The text takes the form of descriptive paragraphs set in poor Italian verse, which are nevertheless fairly clear and informative. Despite its shared characteristics with the MS M.383 there are important differences, not the least of which is the vastly different order of the information. MS Ludwig XV 13 contains the most content of any of the four known manuscripts of ''Fior di Battaglia''. It is typically referred to as the '''Getty'''.
+
'''''Fior di Battaglia''''' ("The Flower of Battle", MS Ludwig ⅩⅤ 13) is an [[nationality::Italian]] [[fencing manual]] authored by [[Fiore de'i Liberi]] and dedicated to Niccolò III, Marquis d'Este. The original currently rests in the holdings of the [[J. Paul Getty Museum]] in Los Angeles, California. MS Ludwig ⅩⅤ 13 is written on parchment in a tidy [[humanist]] script; the illustrations are inked sketches with gold leafing on the crowns and garters. This manuscript is often referred to as the '''Getty Version'''.
 +
 
 +
MS Ludwig ⅩⅤ 13 contains the most content of any of the four known manuscripts of ''Fior di Battaglia''. The text takes the form of descriptive paragraphs set in poor Italian verse, which are nevertheless fairly clear and informative; its preface, format, illustrations, and text are all very similar to the [[Fior di Battaglia (MS M.383)|MS M.383]]. Despite their shared characteristics, however, there are important differences, not the least of which is the vastly different order of the information. This difference in sequence is often attributed to the fact that the preface indicates that it was laid out according to the wishes of Niccolò, whereas the MS M.383 claims to have been laid out according to Fiore's own intellect.
  
 
== Provenance ==
 
== Provenance ==
  
The known provenance of the MS Ludwig XV 13 is:<ref>[[Matt Easton|Easton, Matt]]. "[http://www.fioredeiliberi.org/fiore/ Fiore dei Liberi - Fior di Battaglia - Flos Duellatorum]". [[Schola Gladiatoria]]. Retrieved 30 October 2010.</ref>
+
The known provenance of the MS Ludwig ⅩⅤ 13 is:<ref>Based in part on [[Matt Easton|Easton, Matt]]. "[http://www.fioredeiliberi.org/fiore/ Fiore dei Liberi - Fior di Battaglia - Flos Duellatorum]". [[Schola Gladiatoria]]. Retrieved 30 October 2010.</ref>
  
* Probably written in ca. 1404.
+
* Possibly written in ca. 1404 for the Milanese diplomatic mission to Ferrara.
* before 1474 – owned by Niccolò Marcello di Santa Marina of Venice.
+
* Possibly manuscript 253 in the 1436 catalog of the Estense Library, which had a red leather cover.<ref>''253. Libro uno da insignare de scremia afigurado et cum lettereper vulgare in membrana compilado per M° Fiore Furlano, coperto de chore roso.'' ("One book on teaching fencing, illustrated and in the vernacular, compiled by Master Fiore Furlano, covered in red leather.")</ref>
* ca. 1699 – gifted to Apostolo Zeno (1668-1750), who created a [[Fior di Battaglia (MS XXIV)|copy of the preface]].
 
 
* before 1825 – owned by Luigi Celotti (sold London, [[Sotheby's]], 1825).
 
* before 1825 – owned by Luigi Celotti (sold London, [[Sotheby's]], 1825).
 
* 1886-1966 – the MS 4202 in the collection of Thomas Phillipps (sold London, Sotheby's, 1966).
 
* 1886-1966 – the MS 4202 in the collection of Thomas Phillipps (sold London, Sotheby's, 1966).
* 1966-1983 – the MS Ludwig XV 13 in the collection of Peter and Irene Ludwig.
+
* 1966-1983 – the MS Ludwig ⅩⅤ 13 in the collection of Peter and Irene Ludwig.
* 1983-present – the MS Ludwig XV 13 in the J. Paul Getty Museum.
+
* 1983-present – the MS Ludwig ⅩⅤ 13 in the J. Paul Getty Museum.
  
 
== Contents ==
 
== Contents ==
Line 58: Line 67:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! id="page" | [[Fiore de'i Liberi|1r - 2r]]
 
! id="page" | [[Fiore de'i Liberi|1r - 2r]]
| Preface by Fiore de'i Liberi
+
| Preface by [[Fiore de'i Liberi]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|6r - 8r]]
 
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|6r - 8r]]
| [[Grappling]] by Fiore de'i Liberi
+
| [[Grappling]] by [[Fiore de'i Liberi]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|8v]]
 
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|8v]]
| Baton by Fiore de'i Liberi
+
| Baton by [[Fiore de'i Liberi]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|9r - 18v]],<br/>[[Fiore de'i Liberi|38r - 38v]]
+
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|9r - 18v]], [[Fiore de'i Liberi|38rv]]
| [[Dagger]] by Fiore de'i Liberi
+
| [[Dagger]] by [[Fiore de'i Liberi]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|29r - 20r]]
+
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|19r - 20r]]
| [[Longsword]] vs. dagger by Fiore de'i Liberi
+
| [[Longsword|Sword]] vs. dagger by [[Fiore de'i Liberi]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|20r - 21v]]
 
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|20r - 21v]]
| Longsword in one hand by Fiore de'i Liberi
+
| Sword in one hand by [[Fiore de'i Liberi]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|22r - 32r]]
 
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|22r - 32r]]
| Longsword in two hands by Fiore de'i Liberi
+
| Sword in two hands by [[Fiore de'i Liberi]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|32v - 35r]]
 
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|32v - 35r]]
| [[Armored fencing]] by Fiore de'i Liberi
+
| [[Armored fencing|Sword in armor]] by [[Fiore de'i Liberi]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|35v - 37v]]
 
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|35v - 37v]]
| [[Poleaxe]] by Fiore de'i Liberi
+
| [[Axe]] in armor by [[Fiore de'i Liberi]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|39r - 40r]]
 
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|39r - 40r]]
| [[Spear]] by Fiore de'i Liberi
+
| [[Spear]] by [[Fiore de'i Liberi]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|41r - 45v]], [[Fiore de'i Liberi|46v]]
 
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|41r - 45v]], [[Fiore de'i Liberi|46v]]
| [[Mounted fencing]] by Fiore de'i Liberi
+
| [[Mounted fencing]] by [[Fiore de'i Liberi]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|46r]]
 
! [[Fiore de'i Liberi|46r]]
| Spear vs. cavalry by Fiore de'i Liberi
+
| Spear vs. cavalry by [[Fiore de'i Liberi]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
Line 111: Line 120:
  
 
== Gallery ==
 
== Gallery ==
 +
 +
{{collation}}
  
 
Digital images courtesy of the Getty's [http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=1706 Open Content Program]
 
Digital images courtesy of the Getty's [http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=1706 Open Content Program]
Line 211: Line 222:
 
== Additional Resources ==
 
== Additional Resources ==
  
* [[Fiore de'i Liberi|dei Liberi, Fiore]]; Leoni, Tommaso. ''Fiore de’ Liberi’s Fior di Battaglia''. 1st ed. [http://www.lulu.com/product/paperback/fiore-de-liberis-fior-di-battaglia/5364635 Lulu.com], 2009. 2nd ed. Wheaton, IL: [[Freelance Academy Press]], 2012.
+
* Hatcher, Colin. ''The Flower of Battle: MS Ludwig ⅩⅤ 13''. Ed. Tracy Mellow. Tyrant Industries, 2017. ISBN 978-0-9847716-8-4
* [[Fiore de'i Liberi|dei Liberi, Fiore]]; [[Marco Rubboli|Rubboli, Marco]]; [[Luca Cesari|Cesari, Luca]] (in Italian). ''Flos Duellatorum. Manuale di Arte del Combattimento del XV secolo''. Rome: [[Il Cerchio Iniziative Editoriali]], 2002. ISBN 88-8474-023-1
+
* Leoni, Tom. ''Fiore de’ Liberi’s Fior di Battaglia''. 1st ed. Lulu.com, 2009. 2nd ed. Wheaton, IL: [[Freelance Academy Press]], 2012.
* Malipiero, Massimo (in Italian). ''Il Fior di battaglia di Fiore dei Liberi da Cividale: Il Codice Ludwing XV 13 del J. Paul Getty Museum''. Udine: Ribis, 2006. ISBN 88-7445-035-4.
+
* Leoni, Tom and Mele, Greg. ''Flowers of Battle Volume 1: Historical Overview and the Getty Manuscript''. Wheaton, IL: Freelance Academy Press, 2017. ISBN 978-1-937439-18-7
 +
* Malipiero, Massimo (in Italian). ''Il Fior di battaglia di Fiore dei Liberi da Cividale: Il Codice Ludwing ⅩⅤ 13 del J. Paul Getty Museum''. Udine: Ribis, 2006. ISBN 887-44503-5-4
 
* Mondschein, Ken. ''The Knightly Art of Battle''. Los Angeles: [[J. Paul Getty Museum]]. ISBN 978-160-60607-6-6
 
* Mondschein, Ken. ''The Knightly Art of Battle''. Los Angeles: [[J. Paul Getty Museum]]. ISBN 978-160-60607-6-6
* Richards, Colin. ''Fiore dei Liberi, 1409: Wrestling & Dagger''. [[Arts of Mars Books]], 2007. ISBN 39-8116-270-6
+
* Палій, Людмила Іванівна (in Ukrainian). "Витоки художнього стилю ілюстрацій «Квітки Битви» майстра Фіоре Фріулано деі Лібері". ''Науковий вісник Ужгородського університету'' '''2'''(43): 84-102, 2020. {{doi|10.24144/2523-4498.2(43).2020.217366}}
* [[D. Luigi Zanutto|Zanutto, D. Luigi]] (in Italian). ''[http://www.historicalfencing.org/PDF/Zanutto-Fiore%20da%20Premariacco.pdf Fiore di Premariacco ed I Ludi e Le Feste Marziali e Civili in Friuli]''. Udine: D. Del Bianco, 1907.
+
* [[Marco Rubboli|Rubboli, Marco]]; [[Luca Cesari|Cesari, Luca]] (in Italian). ''Flos Duellatorum. Manuale di Arte del Combattimento del ⅩⅤ secolo''. Rome: [[Il Cerchio Iniziative Editoriali]], 2002. ISBN 88-8474-023-1
 +
* [[Guy Windsor|Windsor, Guy]]. ''From Medieval Manuscript to Modern Practice: The Longsword Techniques of Fiore dei Liberi''. Spada Press, 2020.
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
Line 232: Line 245:
 
| source link =  
 
| source link =  
 
| source title= Digital images courtesy of the Getty's [http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=1706 Open Content Program]
 
| source title= Digital images courtesy of the Getty's [http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=1706 Open Content Program]
| license    = public domain
+
| license    = getty
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
{{sourcebox

Revision as of 21:05, 4 May 2021

Il Fior di Battaglia
MS Ludwig ⅩⅤ 13, J. Paul Getty Museum
Los Angeles, California
MS Ludwig XV 13 01r.jpg
Title page, fol. 1r
WiktenauerLeng
WierschinHils
Type
Date ca. 1404 (?)
Place of origin Milan, Italy
Language(s) Middle Italian
Scribe(s) Unknown
Author(s) Fiore de'i Liberi
Illustrated by Michelino Molinari da Besozzo (or follower)
Dedicated to Niccolò III, Marquis d'Este
Material Parchment, in a pasteboard leather
binding
Size 47 folia (205 mm × 280 mm)
Format Double-sided; four illustrations per side,
with text above each
External data Museum catalog entry
Treatise scans

Fior di Battaglia ("The Flower of Battle", MS Ludwig ⅩⅤ 13) is an Italian fencing manual authored by Fiore de'i Liberi and dedicated to Niccolò III, Marquis d'Este. The original currently rests in the holdings of the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles, California. MS Ludwig ⅩⅤ 13 is written on parchment in a tidy humanist script; the illustrations are inked sketches with gold leafing on the crowns and garters. This manuscript is often referred to as the Getty Version.

MS Ludwig ⅩⅤ 13 contains the most content of any of the four known manuscripts of Fior di Battaglia. The text takes the form of descriptive paragraphs set in poor Italian verse, which are nevertheless fairly clear and informative; its preface, format, illustrations, and text are all very similar to the MS M.383. Despite their shared characteristics, however, there are important differences, not the least of which is the vastly different order of the information. This difference in sequence is often attributed to the fact that the preface indicates that it was laid out according to the wishes of Niccolò, whereas the MS M.383 claims to have been laid out according to Fiore's own intellect.

Provenance

The known provenance of the MS Ludwig ⅩⅤ 13 is:[1]

  • Possibly written in ca. 1404 for the Milanese diplomatic mission to Ferrara.
  • Possibly manuscript 253 in the 1436 catalog of the Estense Library, which had a red leather cover.[2]
  • before 1825 – owned by Luigi Celotti (sold London, Sotheby's, 1825).
  • 1886-1966 – the MS 4202 in the collection of Thomas Phillipps (sold London, Sotheby's, 1966).
  • 1966-1983 – the MS Ludwig ⅩⅤ 13 in the collection of Peter and Irene Ludwig.
  • 1983-present – the MS Ludwig ⅩⅤ 13 in the J. Paul Getty Museum.

Contents

1r - 2r Preface by Fiore de'i Liberi
6r - 8r Grappling by Fiore de'i Liberi
8v Baton by Fiore de'i Liberi
9r - 18v, 38rv Dagger by Fiore de'i Liberi
19r - 20r Sword vs. dagger by Fiore de'i Liberi
20r - 21v Sword in one hand by Fiore de'i Liberi
22r - 32r Sword in two hands by Fiore de'i Liberi
32v - 35r Sword in armor by Fiore de'i Liberi
35v - 37v Axe in armor by Fiore de'i Liberi
39r - 40r Spear by Fiore de'i Liberi
41r - 45v, 46v Mounted fencing by Fiore de'i Liberi
46r Spear vs. cavalry by Fiore de'i Liberi
46v - 47r Closing

Gallery

Digital images courtesy of the Getty's Open Content Program

Folio 1r
MS Ludwig XV 13 01r.jpg
Folio 1v
Getty Ms. Ludwig XV 13 01v - Fiore dei Liberi - Decorated Text Page - Google Art Project.jpg
Folio 2r
Getty Ms. Ludwig XV 13 02r - Fiore dei Liberi - Decorated Text Page - Google Art Project.jpg
Folio 2v
Folio 3r
Folio 3v
Folio 4r
Folio 4v
Folio 5r
Folio 5v
Folio 6r
MS Ludwig XV 13 06r.jpg
Folio 6v
MS Ludwig XV 13 06v.jpg
Folio 7r
MS Ludwig XV 13 07r.jpg
Folio 7v
MS Ludwig XV 13 07v.jpg
Folio 8r
MS Ludwig XV 13 08r.jpg
Folio 8v
MS Ludwig XV 13 08v.jpg
Folio 9r
MS Ludwig XV 13 09r.jpg
Folio 9v
MS Ludwig XV 13 09v.jpg
Folio 10r
MS Ludwig XV 13 10r.jpg
Folio 10v
MS Ludwig XV 13 10v.jpg
Folio 11r
MS Ludwig XV 13 11r.jpg
Folio 11v
MS Ludwig XV 13 11v.jpg
Folio 12r
MS Ludwig XV 13 12r.jpg
Folio 12v
MS Ludwig XV 13 12v.jpg
Folio 13r
MS Ludwig XV 13 13r.jpg
Folio 13v
MS Ludwig XV 13 13v.jpg
Folio 14r
MS Ludwig XV 13 14r.jpg
Folio 14v
MS Ludwig XV 13 14v.jpg
Folio 15r
MS Ludwig XV 13 15r.jpg
Folio 15v
MS Ludwig XV 13 15v.jpg
Folio 16r
MS Ludwig XV 13 16r.jpg
Folio 16v
MS Ludwig XV 13 16v.jpg
Folio 17r
MS Ludwig XV 13 17r.jpg
Folio 17v
MS Ludwig XV 13 17v.jpg
Folio 18r
MS Ludwig XV 13 18r.jpg
Folio 18v
MS Ludwig XV 13 18v.jpg
Folio 19r
MS Ludwig XV 13 19r.jpg
Folio 19v
MS Ludwig XV 13 19v.jpg
Folio 20r
MS Ludwig XV 13 20r.jpg
Folio 20v
MS Ludwig XV 13 20v.jpg
Folio 21r
MS Ludwig XV 13 21r.jpg
Folio 21v
MS Ludwig XV 13 21v.jpg
Folio 22r
MS Ludwig XV 13 22r.jpg
Folio 22v
MS Ludwig XV 13 22v.jpg
Folio 23r
MS Ludwig XV 13 23r.jpg
Folio 23v
MS Ludwig XV 13 23v.jpg
Folio 24r
MS Ludwig XV 13 24r.jpg
Folio 24v
MS Ludwig XV 13 24v.jpg
Folio 25r
MS Ludwig XV 13 25r.jpg
Folio 25v
MS Ludwig XV 13 25v.jpg
Folio 26r
MS Ludwig XV 13 26r.jpg
Folio 26v
MS Ludwig XV 13 26v.jpg
Folio 27r
MS Ludwig XV 13 27r.jpg
Folio 27v
MS Ludwig XV 13 27v.jpg
Folio 28r
MS Ludwig XV 13 28r.jpg
Folio 28v
MS Ludwig XV 13 28v.jpg
Folio 29r
MS Ludwig XV 13 29r.jpg
Folio 29v
MS Ludwig XV 13 29v.jpg
Folio 30r
MS Ludwig XV 13 30r.jpg
Folio 30v
MS Ludwig XV 13 30v.jpg
Folio 31r
MS Ludwig XV 13 31r.jpg
Folio 31v
MS Ludwig XV 13 31v.jpg
Folio 32r
MS Ludwig XV 13 32r.jpg
Folio 32v
MS Ludwig XV 13 32v.jpg
Folio 33r
MS Ludwig XV 13 33r.jpg
Folio 33v
MS Ludwig XV 13 33v.jpg
Folio 34r
MS Ludwig XV 13 34r.jpg
Folio 34v
MS Ludwig XV 13 34v.jpg
Folio 35r
MS Ludwig XV 13 35r.jpg
Folio 35v
MS Ludwig XV 13 35v.jpg
Folio 36r
MS Ludwig XV 13 36r.jpg
Folio 36v
MS Ludwig XV 13 36v.jpg
Folio 37r
MS Ludwig XV 13 37r.jpg
Folio 37v
MS Ludwig XV 13 37v.jpg
Folio 38r
MS Ludwig XV 13 38r.jpg
Folio 38v
MS Ludwig XV 13 38v.jpg
Folio 39r
MS Ludwig XV 13 39r.jpg
Folio 39v
MS Ludwig XV 13 39v.jpg
Folio 40r
MS Ludwig XV 13 40r.jpg
Folio 40v
Folio 41r
MS Ludwig XV 13 41r.jpg
Folio 41v
MS Ludwig XV 13 41v.jpg
Folio 42r
MS Ludwig XV 13 42r.jpg
Folio 42v
MS Ludwig XV 13 42v.jpg
Folio 43r
MS Ludwig XV 13 43r.jpg
Folio 43v
MS Ludwig XV 13 43v.jpg
Folio 44r
MS Ludwig XV 13 44r.jpg
Folio 44v
MS Ludwig XV 13 44v.jpg
Folio 45r
MS Ludwig XV 13 45r.jpg
Folio 45v
MS Ludwig XV 13 45v.jpg
Folio 46r
MS Ludwig XV 13 46r.jpg
Folio 46v
MS Ludwig XV 13 46v.jpg
Folio 47r
MS Ludwig XV 13 47r.jpg
Folio 47v
MS Ludwig XV 13 47v.jpg

Additional Resources

  • Hatcher, Colin. The Flower of Battle: MS Ludwig ⅩⅤ 13. Ed. Tracy Mellow. Tyrant Industries, 2017. ISBN 978-0-9847716-8-4
  • Leoni, Tom. Fiore de’ Liberi’s Fior di Battaglia. 1st ed. Lulu.com, 2009. 2nd ed. Wheaton, IL: Freelance Academy Press, 2012.
  • Leoni, Tom and Mele, Greg. Flowers of Battle Volume 1: Historical Overview and the Getty Manuscript. Wheaton, IL: Freelance Academy Press, 2017. ISBN 978-1-937439-18-7
  • Malipiero, Massimo (in Italian). Il Fior di battaglia di Fiore dei Liberi da Cividale: Il Codice Ludwing ⅩⅤ 13 del J. Paul Getty Museum. Udine: Ribis, 2006. ISBN 887-44503-5-4
  • Mondschein, Ken. The Knightly Art of Battle. Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum. ISBN 978-160-60607-6-6
  • Палій, Людмила Іванівна (in Ukrainian). "Витоки художнього стилю ілюстрацій «Квітки Битви» майстра Фіоре Фріулано деі Лібері". Науковий вісник Ужгородського університету 2(43): 84-102, 2020. doi:10.24144/2523-4498.2(43).2020.217366
  • Rubboli, Marco; Cesari, Luca (in Italian). Flos Duellatorum. Manuale di Arte del Combattimento del ⅩⅤ secolo. Rome: Il Cerchio Iniziative Editoriali, 2002. ISBN 88-8474-023-1
  • Windsor, Guy. From Medieval Manuscript to Modern Practice: The Longsword Techniques of Fiore dei Liberi. Spada Press, 2020.

References

  1. Based in part on Easton, Matt. "Fiore dei Liberi - Fior di Battaglia - Flos Duellatorum". Schola Gladiatoria. Retrieved 30 October 2010.
  2. 253. Libro uno da insignare de scremia afigurado et cum lettereper vulgare in membrana compilado per M° Fiore Furlano, coperto de chore roso. ("One book on teaching fencing, illustrated and in the vernacular, compiled by Master Fiore Furlano, covered in red leather.")

Copyright and License Summary

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Images J. Paul Getty Museum Digital images courtesy of the Getty's Open Content Program
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Transcription Open for editing Index:Fior di Battaglia (MS Ludwig XV 13)
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