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Gladiatoria (MS KK5013)

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MS KK5013, Kunsthistorisches Museum
Vienna, Austria

MS KK5013 Cover 2.jpg
MS KK5013 1r.jpg
Folio 1r
Date ca. 1430s
Language(s) Early New High German
Author(s) Unknown
Size 56 folia (185 mm × 195 mm)
Format Double-sided; one illustration per side,
with text below
Exemplar(s) MS U860.F46 1450 (1430s)
Previously kept Carl Schruff (1570)
Treatise scans

The MS KK5013 is a German fencing manual probably created in the 1430s.[1] The original currently rests in the holdings of the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna, Austria. The MS KK5013 is part of the Gladiatoria group, a series of several German manuscripts from the 15th century that share the same art style and cover the same material, and it seems to have created in the same workshop as the New Haven version.

The core of the Gladiatoria group is a series of devices of armored fencing following the traditional progression of a judicial duel: beginning with spears and small shields called ecranches, moving to longswords, then employing daggers on foot and on the ground. (Traditional dueling would often begin on horseback before going to foot combat, and the ecranche is designed for mounted fighting, but Gladiatoria seems to skip that stage entirely.) The Gladiatoria manuals are interesting texts in that they seem to be contemporary with the tradition of Johannes Liechtenauer, but not directly influenced by it.[citation needed]



1r - 6r Spear in armor from Gladiatoria
6v - 31r Sword in armor from Gladiatoria
31v - 49v Dagger in armor from Gladiatoria
53r - 56v Wrestling from Gladiatoria


Images hosted by WikiMedia Commons.

Front Cover
Inside Cover
MS KK5013 Cover 2.jpg
Folio 1r
MS KK5013 1r.jpg
Folio 1v
MS KK5013 1v.jpg
Folio 2r
MS KK5013 2r.jpg
Folio 2v
MS KK5013 2v.jpg
Folio 3r
MS KK5013 3r.jpg
Folio 3v
MS KK5013 3v.jpg
Folio 4r
MS KK5013 4r.jpg
Folio 4v
MS KK5013 4v.jpg
Folio 5r
MS KK5013 5r.jpg
Folio 5v
MS KK5013 5v.jpg
Folio 6r
MS KK5013 6r.jpg
Folio 6v
MS KK5013 6v.jpg
Folio 7r
MS KK5013 7r.jpg
Folio 7v
MS KK5013 7v.jpg
Folio 8r
MS KK5013 8r.jpg
Folio 8v
MS KK5013 8v.jpg
Folio 9r
MS KK5013 9r.jpg
Folio 9v
MS KK5013 9v.jpg
Folio 10r
MS KK5013 10r.jpg
Folio 10v
MS KK5013 10v.jpg
Folio 11r
MS KK5013 11r.jpg
Folio 11v
MS KK5013 11v.jpg
Folio 12r
MS KK5013 12r.jpg
Folio 12v
MS KK5013 12v.jpg
Folio 13r
MS KK5013 13r.jpg
Folio 13v
MS KK5013 13v.jpg
Folio 14r
MS KK5013 14r.jpg
Folio 14v
MS KK5013 14v.jpg
Folio 15r
MS KK5013 15r.jpg
Folio 15v
MS KK5013 15v.jpg
Folio 16r
MS KK5013 16r.jpg
Folio 16v
MS KK5013 16v.jpg
Folio 17r
MS KK5013 17r.jpg
Folio 17v
MS KK5013 17v.jpg
Folio 18r
MS KK5013 18r.jpg
Folio 18v
MS KK5013 18v.jpg
Folio 19r
MS KK5013 19r.jpg
Folio 19v
MS KK5013 19v.jpg
Folio 20r
MS KK5013 20r.jpg
Folio 20v
MS KK5013 20v.jpg
Folio 21r
MS KK5013 21r.jpg
Folio 21v
MS KK5013 21v.jpg
Folio 22r
MS KK5013 22r.jpg
Folio 22v
MS KK5013 22v.jpg
Folio 23r
MS KK5013 23r.jpg
Folio 23v
MS KK5013 23v.jpg
Folio 24r
MS KK5013 24r.jpg
Folio 24v
MS KK5013 24v.jpg
Folio 25r
MS KK5013 25r.jpg
Folio 25v
MS KK5013 25v.jpg
Folio 26r
MS KK5013 26r.jpg
Folio 26v
MS KK5013 26v.jpg
Folio 27r
MS KK5013 27r.jpg
Folio 27v
MS KK5013 27v.jpg
Folio 28r
MS KK5013 28r.jpg
Folio 28v
MS KK5013 28v.jpg
Folio 29r
MS KK5013 29r.jpg
Folio 29v
MS KK5013 29v.jpg
Folio 30r
MS KK5013 30r.jpg
Folio 30v
MS KK5013 30v.jpg
Folio 31r
MS KK5013 31r.jpg
Folio 31v
MS KK5013 31v.jpg
Folio 32r
MS KK5013 32r.jpg
Folio 32v
MS KK5013 32v.jpg
Folio 33r
MS KK5013 33r.jpg
Folio 33v
MS KK5013 33v.jpg
Folio 34r
MS KK5013 34r.jpg
Folio 34v
MS KK5013 34v.jpg
Folio 35r
MS KK5013 35r.jpg
Folio 35v
MS KK5013 35v.jpg
Folio 36r
MS KK5013 36r.jpg
Folio 36v
MS KK5013 36v.jpg
Folio 37r
MS KK5013 37r.jpg
Folio 37v
MS KK5013 37v.jpg
Folio 38r
MS KK5013 38r.jpg
Folio 38v
MS KK5013 38v.jpg
Folio 39r
MS KK5013 39r.jpg
Folio 39v
MS KK5013 39v.jpg
Folio 40r
MS KK5013 40r.jpg
Folio 40v
MS KK5013 40v.jpg
Folio 41r
MS KK5013 41r.jpg
Folio 41v
MS KK5013 41v.jpg
Folio 42r
MS KK5013 42r.jpg
Folio 42v
MS KK5013 42v.jpg
Folio 43r
MS KK5013 43r.jpg
Folio 43v
MS KK5013 43v.jpg
Folio 44r
MS KK5013 44r.jpg
Folio 44v
MS KK5013 44v.jpg
Folio 45r
MS KK5013 45r.jpg
Folio 45v
MS KK5013 45v.jpg
Folio 46r
MS KK5013 46r.jpg
Folio 46v
MS KK5013 46v.jpg
Folio 47r
MS KK5013 47r.jpg
Folio 47v
MS KK5013 47v.jpg
Folio 48r
MS KK5013 48r.jpg
Folio 48v
MS KK5013 48v.jpg
Folio 49r
MS KK5013 49r.jpg
Folio 49v
MS KK5013 49v.jpg
Folio 50r
MS KK5013 50r.jpg
Folio 50v
MS KK5013 52v.jpg
Folio 51r
MS KK5013 50r.jpg
Folio 51v
MS KK5013 52v.jpg
Folio 52r
MS KK5013 50r.jpg
Folio 52v
MS KK5013 52v.jpg
Folio 53r
MS KK5013 53r.jpg
Folio 53v
MS KK5013 53v.jpg
Folio 54r
MS KK5013 54r.jpg
Folio 54v
MS KK5013 54v.jpg
Folio 55r
MS KK5013 55r.jpg
Folio 55v
MS KK5013 55v.jpg
Folio 56r
MS KK5013 56r.jpg
Folio 56v
MS KK5013 56v.jpg
Inside Cover
MS KK5013 Cover 3.jpg
Back Cover

Additional Resources

  • Cavazzuti, Carlo (in Italian). Gladiatoria. Asola: Gilgamesh Edizioni, 2015. ISBN 978-88-6867-080-1
  • Hagedorn, Dierk; Walczak, Bartłomiej. Gladiatoria. New Haven - MS U860.F46 1450. Herne: VS-Books, 2015. ISBN 978-3-932077-42-5
  • Hils, Hans-Peter (in German). "Gladiatoria: Über drei Fechthandschriften aus der ersten Hälfte des 15. Jahrhunderts". Codices manuscripti 13:1-54, 1987.
  • Knight, Hugh T., Jr. The Gladiatoria Fechtbuch: A Fifteenth-Century German Fight Book. Lulu.com, 2008.
  • Walczak, Bartłomiej. "Judicial Armoured Dagger Combat of Gladiatoria and KK 5013." Masters of Medieval and Renaissance Martial Arts. Ed. Jeffrey Hull. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 2008. ISBN 978-1-58160-668-3


  1. The date is based on the style of armor used in the illustrations.

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Images (Vienna Version) Kunsthistorisches Museum WikiMedia Commons
Vienna Version Carsten Lorbeer Index:Gladiatoria (MS KK5013)