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<!----------Image---------->
 
<!----------Image---------->
 
| image              = File:MS E.1939.65.341 001r.jpg
 
| image              = File:MS E.1939.65.341 001r.jpg
| width              = 150px
+
| width              = x200px
 
| caption            = A Counter to the Upper Zwerch, fol. 1r
 
| caption            = A Counter to the Upper Zwerch, fol. 1r
 +
| keyimage          = File:MS E.1939.65.341 001r.jpg
 
<!----------General---------->
 
<!----------General---------->
 
| Index number      = [[WI::—]]
 
| Index number      = [[WI::—]]
Line 24: Line 25:
 
  | [[author::Andres Juden]]
 
  | [[author::Andres Juden]]
 
  | [[author::Hans Döbringer]]
 
  | [[author::Hans Döbringer]]
  | [[author::Martin Huntfeltz]]
+
  | [[author::Martin Huntsfeld]]
 
  | [[author::Johannes Liechtenauer]]
 
  | [[author::Johannes Liechtenauer]]
  | [[author::Andre Liegniczer]]
+
  | [[author::Andre Lignitzer]]
 
  | [[author::Jobs von der Nissen]]
 
  | [[author::Jobs von der Nissen]]
 
  | [[author::Ott Jud]]
 
  | [[author::Ott Jud]]
 
  | [[author::Nicklass Preußen]]
 
  | [[author::Nicklass Preußen]]
  | [[author::Sigmund Schining ain Ringeck]]
+
  | [[author::Sigmund ain Ringeck]]
 
  | [[author::Martin Syber]]
 
  | [[author::Martin Syber]]
 
}}
 
}}
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<!----------Form and content---------->
 
<!----------Form and content---------->
 
| Material          = Paper
 
| Material          = Paper
| Size              = 105 [[folia]]
+
| Size              = 105 [[folia]] (206 mm x 155 mm)
| Format            = Double-sided; in some <br/>sections, one illustration <br/>per side with text above
+
| Format            = Double-sided; in some sections, one <br/>illustration per side with text above
 
| Condition          =  
 
| Condition          =  
| Script            = [[script::Bastarda]]
+
| Script            =  
 
| Contents          =  
 
| Contents          =  
 
| Illumination(s)    =  
 
| Illumination(s)    =  
Line 49: Line 50:
 
| Previously kept    =  
 
| Previously kept    =  
 
| Discovered        =  
 
| Discovered        =  
| Website            = [http://collections.glasgowmuseums.com/starobject.html?oid=241651 Library catalog entry]
+
| Website            = [http://collections.glasgowmuseums.com/starobject.html?oid=241651 Museum catalog entry]
 
| Images            = [[:category:MS E.1939.65.341|Digital scans]] (1000x1400)
 
| Images            = [[:category:MS E.1939.65.341|Digital scans]] (1000x1400)
 
| Translations      = {{German translation|http://talhoffer.wordpress.com/2011/05/04/161/|1}}
 
| Translations      = {{German translation|http://talhoffer.wordpress.com/2011/05/04/161/|1}}
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The '''MS E.1939.65.341''' is a [[nationality::German]] [[fencing manual]] created in 1508.<ref>Internally dated on [[page:MS E.1939.65.341 022r.jpg|folio 22r]].</ref> The original currently rests in the R. L. Scott Collection of the [[Glasgow Museums]] in Glasgow, United Kingdom. It is a compilation text consisting of treatises on a variety of martial topics, by several different masters who stood in the tradition of [[Johannes Liechtenauer]].
 
The '''MS E.1939.65.341''' is a [[nationality::German]] [[fencing manual]] created in 1508.<ref>Internally dated on [[page:MS E.1939.65.341 022r.jpg|folio 22r]].</ref> The original currently rests in the R. L. Scott Collection of the [[Glasgow Museums]] in Glasgow, United Kingdom. It is a compilation text consisting of treatises on a variety of martial topics, by several different masters who stood in the tradition of [[Johannes Liechtenauer]].
  
The Glasgow Fechtbuch is significant for several reasons. First, it contains the only known version of [[Sigmund Schining ain Ringeck]]'s gloss of [[Johannes Liechtenauer]]'s ''Recital'' that includes Ringeck's original illustrations. It also contains a fragment of the wrestling treatise associated with the [[Nuremberg group]] which compliments that found in the [[codex Wallerstein (Cod.I.6.4º.2)|Codex Wallerstein]]. Additionally, the manuscript includes a few treatises whose relation to Liechtenauer's tradition might otherwise be unclear, such as [[Martin Syber]]'s ''New Recital'' and the teachings of the "[[other Masters (14th Century)|other masters]]" of the [[Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|MS 3227a]]. Their appearance here goes some way toward authenticating these treatises as connected to Johannes Liechtenauer.
+
The Glasgow Fechtbuch is significant for several reasons. First, it contains the only known version of [[Sigmund ain Ringeck]]'s gloss of [[Johannes Liechtenauer]]'s ''Recital'' that includes Ringeck's original illustrations. It also contains a fragment of the wrestling treatise associated with the [[Nuremberg group]] which compliments that found in the [[codex Wallerstein (Cod.I.6.4º.2)|Codex Wallerstein]]. Additionally, the manuscript includes a few treatises whose relation to Liechtenauer's tradition might otherwise be unclear, such as [[Martin Syber]]'s ''New Recital'' and the teachings of the "[[other Masters (14th Century)|other masters]]" of the [[Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|MS 3227a]]. Their appearance here goes some way toward authenticating these treatises as connected to Johannes Liechtenauer.
  
 
== Provenance ==
 
== Provenance ==
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{| class="treatise"
 
{| class="treatise"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! id="page" | [[Sigmund Schining ain Ringeck|1r - 22r]]
+
! id="page" | [[Sigmund ain Ringeck|1r - 22r]]
| [[Gloss]] of Liechtenauer's [[Recital]] on [[long sword]] fencing by Sigmund Schining ain Ringeck (fragment)
+
| [[Gloss]] of Liechtenauer's [[Recital]] on [[long sword]] fencing by [[Sigmund ain Ringeck]] (fragment)
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
! [[Sigmund Schining ain Ringeck|22v - 24r]]
+
! [[Sigmund ain Ringeck|22v - 24r]]
| Long sword fencing by Sigmund Schining ain Ringeck
+
| Long sword fencing by [[Sigmund ain Ringeck]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! [[Martin Syber|24v - 25r]]
 
! [[Martin Syber|24v - 25r]]
| Recital on long sword fencing by Martin Syber
+
| Recital on long sword fencing by [[Martin Syber]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! 25v - 26v
 
! 25v - 26v
 
| {{treatise begin
 
| {{treatise begin
   | title = Anonymous [[Messer]] teachings
+
   | title = Anonymous Messer teachings
   | width = 56em
+
   | width = 60em
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="wikitable floated master"
+
{| class="treatisecontent"
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Jens P. Kleinau]]</p>
 
! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Jens P. Kleinau]]</p>
Line 149: Line 150:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <p>{{red|b=1|A piece for escaping, and this is a emergency stand, when you cannot move back or forward.}}</p>
+
| class="noline" | <p>{{red|b=1|A piece from scabbards, and this is a emergency stand, when you cannot move back or forward.}}</p>
  
 
<p>So mark as someone stabs or hits at you, so take your Messer in the middle-hew and that your right foot stands forward. And as soon as he himself at you… so hew from your side from the Roof simply above off, and jump him out of the way at his right side in the triangle and hit him at his right arm.</p>
 
<p>So mark as someone stabs or hits at you, so take your Messer in the middle-hew and that your right foot stands forward. And as soon as he himself at you… so hew from your side from the Roof simply above off, and jump him out of the way at his right side in the triangle and hit him at his right arm.</p>
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 026v.jpg|1|lbl=26v}}
+
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 026v.jpg|1|lbl=26v}}
  
 
|}
 
|}
Line 159: Line 160:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! [[Other Masters (14th Century)|27r - 29v]]
 
! [[Other Masters (14th Century)|27r - 29v]]
| Long sword fencing by Andres Juden, Jobs von der Nyssen, Nicklass Prewsñ, and Hans Döbringer
+
| Long sword fencing by [[Andres Juden]], [[Jobs von der Nyssen]], [[Nicklass Prewsñ]], and [[Hans Döbringer]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! [[:file:MS E.1939.65.341 035r.jpg|35r]]
 
! [[:file:MS E.1939.65.341 035r.jpg|35r]]
| Illustration of a seated master, probably either Johannes Liechtenauer or Sigmund Schining ain Ringeck
+
| Illustration of a seated master, probably either Johannes Liechtenauer or Sigmund ain Ringeck
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! [[Nuremberg Group|35v - 56r]]
 
! [[Nuremberg Group|35v - 56r]]
| [[Grappling]] teachings from the Nuremberg group
+
| [[Grappling]] teachings from the [[Nuremberg group]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
! [[Andre Liegniczer|64r - 66r]]
+
! [[Andre Lignitzer|64r - 66r]]
| Grappling by Andre Liegniczer
+
| Grappling by [[Andre Lignitzer]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! [[Ott Jud|67r - 73v]]
 
! [[Ott Jud|67r - 73v]]
| Grappling by Ott Jud
+
| Grappling by [[Ott Jud]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
! [[Sigmund Schining ain Ringeck|74r - 82r]]
+
! [[Sigmund ain Ringeck|74r - 82r]]
| Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on mounted fencing by Sigmund Schining ain Ringeck
+
| Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on mounted fencing by [[Sigmund ain Ringeck]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
! [[Sigmund Schining ain Ringeck|83r - 84r]]
+
! [[Sigmund ain Ringeck|83r - 84r]]
| Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on short sword fencing by Sigmund Schining ain Ringeck (fragment)
+
| Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on short sword fencing by [[Sigmund ain Ringeck]] (fragment)
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! [[Pseudo-Peter von Danzig|84r - 95v]]
 
! [[Pseudo-Peter von Danzig|84r - 95v]]
| Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on short sword fencing by Pseudo-Peter von Danzig (fragment)
+
| Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on short sword fencing by [[Pseudo-Peter von Danzig]] (fragment)
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
! [[Martin Huntfeltz|95v - 97v]]
+
! [[Martin Huntsfeld|95v - 97v]]
| [[Dagger]] by Martin Huntfeltz
+
| [[Dagger]] by [[Martin Huntsfeld]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! 97v - 100r
 
! 97v - 100r
 
| {{treatise begin
 
| {{treatise begin
   | title = Anonymous [[dagger]] teachings
+
   | title = Anonymous dagger teachings
   | width = 56em
+
   | width = 60em
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="wikitable floated master"
+
{| class="treatisecontent"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! <p>{{rating}}</p>
+
! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Harrison Ridgeway]]</p>
 
! <p>Transcription{{edit index|Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>Transcription{{edit index|Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|A very good lesson to know:}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>Note, when you are warring with someone, stand just back from him and place your left foot forward and lay your left hand in front on the chest, and notice what he does with his dagger.</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 097v.jpg|2|lbl=97v}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 097v.jpg|2|lbl=97v}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>If he takes the dagger in the hand such that the blade goes out underneath the hand, then he wants to thrust from above to you. If he draws his dagger-hand back across his chest and steps forward with his right foot, then he wants to throw a ''mittel-stich''. If he holds the dagger in the hand, such that the blade is above going out by his thumb, then he wants to stab up from below. As soon as you see that he threatens you, get close-by him thus his thrust will have no power, and always pay attention to how he holds the dagger.</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 097v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 097v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Also know}} that if you want to do this, but he stands back from you, you should be well aware that he is waiting for you with skill. When you notice this, then thrust with careful judgement. If you see that he wants to thrust, then counter it with one of the examples you will learn next.</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 097v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| <p>{{red|b=1|An example}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>{{red|b=1|M}}ark, if you see someone comes fast with their dagger for a thrust below and intends to go through to thrust, hold yourself close against him and place your left leg forward, and the left hand at your chest. When he stabs at you, go in with your left hand to his right hand and (wrench?) his hand around and away from you, and with your dagger, stab him in the chest or wherever you like as it is shown above.</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 097v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| <p>{{red|b=1|Another good example}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''I'''f he stabs you from above at your head or at your breast: With your right hand inverted, drive upwards from below under his right hand, and grasp him by the arm. With the left hand over his right arm, set the dagger away from you so you take it from him, or throw him over a leg as it is shown above.</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098r.jpg|1|lbl=98r}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098r.jpg|1|lbl=98r}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Another good example}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>{{red|b=1|If he has}} pulled his dagger and you have not, and he wants to stab at you with an ''ober-stich'', fall in with your left hand under his right hand near by to the dagger, and hold firm with your inverted right hand on your left, then wrench upwards so that you take the dagger as it is shown above.</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Counter}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>Further note, if someone goes to take your dagger (in that way), when he grasps your hand, pull (your hand) to yourself and strike his left arm with your left hand, so you keep hold of your dagger.</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Another dagger example}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>{{red|b=1|Whether you}} are in armour or not, and your dagger is in the sheath when someone stabs at your with an ''ober-stich'', have both your hands crossed in front of you at the belly with the right hand on top of the left, and the left leg standing forward. Wait for when he thrusts at you and drive up with both hands under his dagger, and catch the thrust as shown above. With your reversed left hand, grasp his right arm and break it, so you take his dagger.</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Counter}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>But if he wants to do that to you, then step with your right leg behind his left foot and with the left hand, take the balance on your right elbow, pull the dagger towards you and shove him over your knee.</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Yet another example}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>{{red|b=1|If}} a peasant wants to stab at you, see when he will drive his thrust and fall with your left hand on his right hand, and push him backwards. With the right hand seize the blade of his dagger and drive it towards his belly, and pull the dagger or shove him over a leg.</p>
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098r.jpg|6|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098v.jpg|1|lbl=98v|p=1}}
 
{{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098r.jpg|6|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098v.jpg|1|lbl=98v|p=1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Counter}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>If someone wants to do that to you, then when he wants to grasp your hand, pull the right beneath out of the way, and with the right leg step towards him, and with your left hand take the [''gewicht''] on his right arm, or shove him against your leg so you gain the advantage.</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Example for the ''unter-stich''}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''I'''f someone wants to stab you from below, see that you immediately grasp him with your right hand by his right hand, and with your left hand on his right arm. Pull him to you so you force his side or his back to face you, so with your left hand you can grasp his neck and put your leg forward to throw him. Also pay attention he doesn’t pull his leg clear and do the same to you.</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Another good example:}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''H'''e has his dagger in hand, and wants to stab you from below, and your dagger is still sheathed, then don’t pull. Fall in quickly with your left hand on top of his right hand, and with your right, push the blade underneath to pry it free, as shown above, thus you take his dagger and immediately step with the right foot to him, and with your left, shove(punch?) forward so you can work with his dagger.</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|When someone stabs you from above, then know the below technique also:}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''I'''f you struggle against someone and he is stronger than you, hold yourself fast against him. If he holds his dagger in the (stance?) as with the ''ober-stich'', so grab your dagger to an ''unter-stich''. If he then pulls back and stabs again at you, then you pull also, and with the left hand grasp forward at his dagger and drive from below up on his dagger, and hold yourself with your head fast from him as it is shown above. Immediately bend his right hand with your dagger and grasp him by the right arm, and with the point of the dagger and the left hand, hold his arm tightly. With the right hand snatch upward to you take his dagger.</p>
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098v.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099r.jpg|1|lbl=99r|p=1}}
 
{{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 098v.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099r.jpg|1|lbl=99r|p=1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Counter}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>When he goes beneath your dagger with his, and wants to wrench the dagger from you, then step with your right foot towards him, and with your left (hand) shove in on his right under the pommel of the dagger and tug the dagger quickly to you, so that you gain the advantage.</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Yet another example}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''I'''f someone wants to stab at you from below: fall in downwards with both hands to his arm, so that your right hand is at his hand and your left hand is at his arm then immediately lift the arm to you, turn yourself around and pull his arm to your left shoulder as shown above, and draw downwards so that you break his arm.</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Counter}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>If someone does that, when he has your arm and he wants to turn around: move your right hand to his neck and step with your right leg to him, and with the left hand grasp one of his legs and pull it to you so that he falls on his face.</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|With empty hand against a lower-thrust.}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>{{red|b=1|Note}} here a good example: If someone has a dagger and you do not, and they run at you with a thrust from below, do not be frightened and stand fast. As you see him make the thrust, fall in with your right hand on his right hand, behind his dagger, and put your left hand on his elbow from underneath. With your right(sic) hand shove his elbow away from you and pull his right hand behind his back, so you break his arm and he falls.</p>
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099r.jpg|5|lbl=99r|p=1}} {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099v.jpg|1|lbl=99v|p=1}}
 
{{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099r.jpg|5|lbl=99r|p=1}} {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099v.jpg|1|lbl=99v|p=1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|A counter against that}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>If you stab at someone and he will catch or grip your arm in his hand, strike with your left hand onto his right arm from below and pull the dagger towards him so that you push it off (his hand?).</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|A very good, hidden example}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>{{red|b=1|I}}f he has pulled his dagger and you have not, and he runs at you, then hurry to him—then when he wants to thrust from below to you, fall in with your left arm on his right arm and seize the dagger-arm from beneath around (''zu handt'') so you have him by the elbow with your right hand, and pull towards you, and with the left hand behind him onto his back, and with your right hand seize him by the elbow on his right side and hold fast. If he pulls to force you to fall, then set yourself down on his knee so that your right hand is freed. Thus you can do with him what you like.</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Counter}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>If someone does this to you: when you see that he wants to fall in on your arm, and pull it to you, and with the left hand shove in front of you.</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Yet another unterstich}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''I'''f someone runs in at you with an ''under-stich'', then fall in with your left hand on his right arm behind the dagger, and hold fast, and with the right hand fall on the blade and pry it below so that the point of his dagger comes to his leg, as shown here, and against this, use the counter above.</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Note the ''mittel-stich'' with its examples}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''I'''f someone wants to stab at your chest with a ''mittel-stich'', When you see the attack coming, grasp with your right hand behind his dagger and your left on his elbow as it is shown above, and put your leg forward so you throw him.</p>
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099v.jpg|6|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 100r.jpg|1|lbl=100r|p=1}}
 
{{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 099v.jpg|6|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 100r.jpg|1|lbl=100r|p=1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Counter}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>If someone likewise has you by the arm, and strike with your left hand up from below on his right hand, and tug your right hand to you so that you can make another thrust.</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 100r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 100r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Yet another example}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''I'''f someone thrusts a ''mittel-stich'' at you: grasp with your right hand in at his right hand under the dagger, and with the left hand drive forwards onto the neck as shown above, and throw him over a leg. Counter: That which was mentioned before.</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 100r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 100r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Yet another good example}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>{{red|b=1|If}} someone thrusts a ''zwerch'' or ''ober stich'' at you, parry that with your right hand as before and drag in the right hand to the rear and release your left hand, and grasp that with below through his legs, and lift up, and with your right hand shove him above so he falls on his (nose).</p>
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 100r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 100r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| class="noline" | <p>{{red|b=1|Counter}}</p>
| {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 100r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
+
 
 +
<p>If he thrusts at you with the thrust as written above, and he wants to parry you with the thrust in the parry or with the (arm hand) so seize with your left hand below through your both arms and grasp that with the point of the dagger, and break his arm in front of you below. End.</p>
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|page:MS E.1939.65.341 100r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
  
 
|}
 
|}
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|-  
 
|-  
! [[Martin Huntfeltz|100v - 104v]]
+
! [[Martin Huntsfeld|100v&nbsp;-&nbsp;104v]]
| Short sword fencing by Martin Huntfeltz
+
| Short sword fencing by [[Martin Huntsfeld]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
! [[Andre Liegniczer|105r - 105v]]
+
! [[Andre Lignitzer|105r - 105v]]
| [[Arming Sword|Sword]] and [[Buckler]] by Andre Liegniczer
+
| [[Sword and Buckler]] by [[Andre Lignitzer]]
  
 
|}
 
|}
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== References ==
 
== References ==
  
{{reflist}}
+
{{reflist|2}}
  
 
== Copyright and License Summary ==
 
== Copyright and License Summary ==
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}}
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
{{sourcebox
| work        = Translation
+
| work        = Translation (Messer)
 
| authors    = [[Jens P. Kleinau]]
 
| authors    = [[Jens P. Kleinau]]
 
| source link = http://talhoffer.wordpress.com/2011/06/04/161/
 
| source link = http://talhoffer.wordpress.com/2011/06/04/161/
 
| source title= The Fencing and Life of Hans Talhoffer
 
| source title= The Fencing and Life of Hans Talhoffer
 
| license    = linkware
 
| license    = linkware
 +
}}
 +
{{sourcebox
 +
| work        = Translation (Dagger)
 +
| authors    = [[Harrison Ridgeway]]
 +
| source link =
 +
| source title= Private Communication
 +
| license    = copyrighted
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
{{sourcebox
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[[Category:Treatises]]
 
[[Category:Treatises]]
 
[[Category:Manuscripts]]
 
[[Category:Manuscripts]]
 +
[[Category:Content]]
  
 
[[Category:German]]
 
[[Category:German]]
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[[Category:Dagger]]
 
[[Category:Dagger]]
 
[[Category:Messer]]
 
[[Category:Messer]]
 +
 +
[[Category:New format]]

Latest revision as of 22:13, 3 June 2020

Glasgow Fechtbuch
MS E.1939.65.341, Glasgow Museums
Glasgow, United Kingdom
MS E.1939.65.341 001r.jpg
A Counter to the Upper Zwerch, fol. 1r
WiktenauerLeng38.1.2
WierschinHils
Type
Date 1508
Language(s) Early New High German
Author(s)
Material Paper
Size 105 folia (206 mm x 155 mm)
Format Double-sided; in some sections, one
illustration per side with text above
External data Museum catalog entry
Treatise scans Digital scans (1000x1400)
Other translations Deutsch-Übersetzung

The MS E.1939.65.341 is a German fencing manual created in 1508.[1] The original currently rests in the R. L. Scott Collection of the Glasgow Museums in Glasgow, United Kingdom. It is a compilation text consisting of treatises on a variety of martial topics, by several different masters who stood in the tradition of Johannes Liechtenauer.

The Glasgow Fechtbuch is significant for several reasons. First, it contains the only known version of Sigmund ain Ringeck's gloss of Johannes Liechtenauer's Recital that includes Ringeck's original illustrations. It also contains a fragment of the wrestling treatise associated with the Nuremberg group which compliments that found in the Codex Wallerstein. Additionally, the manuscript includes a few treatises whose relation to Liechtenauer's tradition might otherwise be unclear, such as Martin Syber's New Recital and the teachings of the "other masters" of the MS 3227a. Their appearance here goes some way toward authenticating these treatises as connected to Johannes Liechtenauer.

Provenance

Contents

1r - 22r Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on long sword fencing by Sigmund ain Ringeck (fragment)
22v - 24r Long sword fencing by Sigmund ain Ringeck
24v - 25r Recital on long sword fencing by Martin Syber
25v - 26v
27r - 29v Long sword fencing by Andres Juden, Jobs von der Nyssen, Nicklass Prewsñ, and Hans Döbringer
35r Illustration of a seated master, probably either Johannes Liechtenauer or Sigmund ain Ringeck
35v - 56r Grappling teachings from the Nuremberg group
64r - 66r Grappling by Andre Lignitzer
67r - 73v Grappling by Ott Jud
74r - 82r Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on mounted fencing by Sigmund ain Ringeck
83r - 84r Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on short sword fencing by Sigmund ain Ringeck (fragment)
84r - 95v Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on short sword fencing by Pseudo-Peter von Danzig (fragment)
95v - 97v Dagger by Martin Huntsfeld
97v - 100r
100v - 104v Short sword fencing by Martin Huntsfeld
105r - 105v Sword and Buckler by Andre Lignitzer

Gallery

Inside Cover
Inside Cover
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Inside Cover
Back Cover

Additional Resources

References

  1. Internally dated on folio 22r.
  2. A measure of length.
  3. Corrected from »dein«.
  4. Corrected from »dem«.
  5. Corrected from »dehen«.

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Images
Public Domain.png
Translation (Messer) Jens P. Kleinau The Fencing and Life of Hans Talhoffer
Linkware.png
Translation (Dagger) Harrison Ridgeway Private Communication
Copyrighted.png
Transcription Dierk Hagedorn Index:Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)
Copyrighted.png