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  | alma_mater          =  
 
  | alma_mater          =  
  | patron              = Duke Johann Albrecht
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  | patron              = Johann Ⅶ of Mecklenburg
 
  | period              =  
 
  | period              =  
 
  | genre                = [[Fencing manual]]
 
  | genre                = [[Fencing manual]]
 
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  | movement            =  
 
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  | notableworks        = ''[[De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoria (Heinrich von Gunterrodt)|De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoria]]'' (1579)
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  | notableworks        = ''[[De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae (Heinrich von Gunterrodt)|De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae]]'' (1579)
 
  | manuscript(s)        = [[Sciomachia et hoplomachia (MS Dresd.C.15)|MS Dresd.C.15]] (1579)
 
  | manuscript(s)        = [[Sciomachia et hoplomachia (MS Dresd.C.15)|MS Dresd.C.15]] (1579)
 
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  | relatives            = {{plainlist
 
  | relatives            = {{plainlist
  | Hans von Gunterrodt (father)
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  |Hans von Gunterrodt (father)
  | Elisabeth von der Linda (mother)
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  |Elisabeth von der Linda (mother)
 
}}
 
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'''Heinrich von Gunterrodt''' (Henricus a Gunterrodt, Heinricus a Gunterroda) was a [[century::16th century]] Saxon nobleman and fencing historian. He was born in Lengefeld in 1557 to Hans von Gunterrodt (1526-1566) and Elisabeth von der Linda (d. 1564), probably in Schloss Rauenstein. He received an extensive education befitting the child of nobility, learning both Greek and Latin as well as studying the law. He apparently studied at the University of Wittenberg but it is unclear if he ever earned a formal degree. He also studied fencing under Balthasar Cramonius of Pommern, and possibly also [[Johannes Herwart of Würtzburg]], discoverer of the [[Walpurgis Fechtbuch (MS I.33)|Walpurgis Fechtbuch]].
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'''Heinrich von Gunterrodt''' (Henricus a Gunterrodt, Heinricus a Gunterroda) was a [[century::16th century]] Saxon nobleman and fencing historian. He was born in Lengefeld in 1557 to Hans von Gunterrodt (1526-1566) and Elisabeth von der Linda (d. 1564), probably in Schloss Rauenstein. He received an extensive education befitting the child of nobility, learning both Greek and Latin as well as studying the law. He apparently studied at the University of Wittenberg but it is unclear if he ever earned a degree. He also studied fencing, either with or under [[Balthasaro Cramonio Pomerano]], who was a student of [[Johannes Herwart of Würtzburg]] (discoverer/looter of the [[Walpurgis Fechtbuch (MS I.33)|Walpurgis Fechtbuch]]).
  
In 1579 when he was 22, Gunterrodt wrote a manuscript treatise on swordsmanship entitled ''[[Sciomachia et hoplomachia (MS Dresd.C.15)|Sciomachia et hoplomachia]]'' ("Unarmed and Armed Combat"; MS Dresd.C.15). It offers his understanding of the history of fencing as well treating a number of different weapon combinations including [[grappling]], [[dagger]], [[dussack]], [[side sword]] (both single and with secondary weapons), [[spear]], and [[poleaxe]]. An unillustrated version of this treatise was published that same year under the title ''[[De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoria (Heinrich von Gunterrodt)|De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoria]]'' ("The True Principles of the Art of Fencing"). ''Sciomachia et hoplomachia'' is described as book one, but no book two ever seems to have emerged.
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In 1579, when he was 22, Gunterrodt wrote a manuscript treatise on fencing and wrestling entitled ''Sciomachia et hoplomachia'' ("Unarmed and Armed Combat"; [[Sciomachia et hoplomachia (MS Dresd.C.15)|MS Dresd.C.15]]). It offers his understanding of the theory and history of fencing as well briefly treating a number of different weapon combinations including [[dussack]], [[two-handed sword]], [[spear]], and [[poleaxe]], [[rapier]] (both single and with secondary weapons), [[dagger]], and [[grappling]]. An abridged, unillustrated version of this treatise was published that same year under the title ''[[De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae (Heinrich von Gunterrodt)|De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae]]'' ("The True Principles of the Art of Fencing"). ''Sciomachia et hoplomachia'' is described as "book one", but no book two ever seems to have emerged.
  
Gunderrodt's activities after 1579 are not currently known. Both versions of his treatise were dedicated to Johann VII, Duke of Mecklenberg. However, in 1579 Johann was controlled by a regency counil and would not rule in his own right until 1585. While his father Johann Albrecht had an interest in fencing and Mecklenberg would later become an important sponsor of the [[Veiterfechter]], it is unknown if Gunterrodt's efforts ever earned him a court appointment.
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Gunderrodt's activities after 1579 are not currently known. Both versions of his treatise were dedicated to Johann , Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. However, in 1579 Johann was controlled by a regency council and would not rule in his own right until 1585. While his father Johann Albrecht had an interest in fencing, including hiring [[Joachim Meyer]] to teach his son, and Mecklenburg would later become an important sponsor of the [[Veiterfechter]] guild, it is unknown if Gunterrodt's efforts ever earned him a court appointment.
  
 
== Treatise ==
 
== Treatise ==
  
 
{{master begin
 
{{master begin
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  | title = Preface and Dedication
 
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{| class="master"
 
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! <p>Illustrations</p>
 
! <p>Illustrations</p>
 
! <p>{{rating}}</p>
 
! <p>{{rating}}</p>
! <p>''[[Sciomachia et hoplomachia (MS Dresd.C.15)|Sciomachia et hoplomachia]]'' (1579)</p>
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! <p>''[[Sciomachia et hoplomachia (MS Dresd.C.15)|Sciomachia et hoplomachia]]'' (1579){{edit index|Sciomachia et hoplomachia (MS Dresd.C.15)}}</p>
! <p>''[[De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoria (Heinrich von Gunterrodt)|De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoria]]'' (1579)<br/>by [[Jay Acutt]]</p>
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! <p>''[[De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae (Heinrich von Gunterrodt)|De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae]]'' (1579){{edit index|De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae (Heinrich von Gunterrodt) 1579.pdf}}<br/>Transcribed by [[Jay Acutt]]</p>
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [http://digital.slub-dresden.de/id39798717X Illustrations]
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| [[File:De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae.jpg|300px|center]]
 
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| [[Index:Sciomachia et hoplomachia (MS Dresd.C.15)|Transcription]]
 
 
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! <p>''[[Sciomachia et hoplomachia (MS Dresd.C.15)|Sciomachia et hoplomachia]]'' (1579){{edit index|Sciomachia et hoplomachia (MS Dresd.C.15)}}</p>
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! <p>''[[De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae (Heinrich von Gunterrodt)|De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae]]'' (1579){{edit index|De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae (Heinrich von Gunterrodt) 1579.pdf}}<br/>Transcribed by [[Jay Acutt]]</p>
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! <p>Illustrations</p>
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! <p>{{rating}}</p>
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! <p>''[[Sciomachia et hoplomachia (MS Dresd.C.15)|Sciomachia et hoplomachia]]'' (1579){{edit index|Sciomachia et hoplomachia (MS Dresd.C.15)}}</p>
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! <p>''[[De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae (Heinrich von Gunterrodt)|De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae]]'' (1579){{edit index|De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae (Heinrich von Gunterrodt) 1579.pdf}}<br/>Transcribed by [[Jay Acutt]]</p>
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  | source link = http://digital.slub-dresden.de/id39798717X
 
  | source link = http://digital.slub-dresden.de/id39798717X
 
  | source title= Sächsische Landesbibliothek
 
  | source title= Sächsische Landesbibliothek
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  | work        = {{nowrap|[[De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae (Heinrich von Gunterrodt)|''De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae'']]}}
  | authors    = [[James Wallhausen]]
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  | authors    = [[transcriber::Jay Acutt]]
 
  | source link =  
 
  | source link =  
  | source title=  
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  | source title= {{nowrap|[[Index:De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae (Heinrich von Gunterrodt) 1579.pdf|Index:''De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae'' (Heinrich von Gunterrodt)]]}}
 
  | license    = copyrighted
 
  | license    = copyrighted
 
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Latest revision as of 20:51, 20 May 2022

Heinrich von Gunterrodt
Born 1557
Lengefeld, Germany
Relative(s)
  • Hans von Gunterrodt (father)
  • Elisabeth von der Linda (mother)
Patron Johann Ⅶ of Mecklenburg
Genres Fencing manual
Language New Latin
Notable work(s) De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae (1579)
Manuscript(s) MS Dresd.C.15 (1579)

Heinrich von Gunterrodt (Henricus a Gunterrodt, Heinricus a Gunterroda) was a 16th century Saxon nobleman and fencing historian. He was born in Lengefeld in 1557 to Hans von Gunterrodt (1526-1566) and Elisabeth von der Linda (d. 1564), probably in Schloss Rauenstein. He received an extensive education befitting the child of nobility, learning both Greek and Latin as well as studying the law. He apparently studied at the University of Wittenberg but it is unclear if he ever earned a degree. He also studied fencing, either with or under Balthasaro Cramonio Pomerano, who was a student of Johannes Herwart of Würtzburg (discoverer/looter of the Walpurgis Fechtbuch).

In 1579, when he was 22, Gunterrodt wrote a manuscript treatise on fencing and wrestling entitled Sciomachia et hoplomachia ("Unarmed and Armed Combat"; MS Dresd.C.15). It offers his understanding of the theory and history of fencing as well briefly treating a number of different weapon combinations including dussack, two-handed sword, spear, and poleaxe, rapier (both single and with secondary weapons), dagger, and grappling. An abridged, unillustrated version of this treatise was published that same year under the title De Veris Principiis Artis Dimicatoriae ("The True Principles of the Art of Fencing"). Sciomachia et hoplomachia is described as "book one", but no book two ever seems to have emerged.

Gunderrodt's activities after 1579 are not currently known. Both versions of his treatise were dedicated to Johann Ⅶ, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. However, in 1579 Johann was controlled by a regency council and would not rule in his own right until 1585. While his father Johann Albrecht had an interest in fencing, including hiring Joachim Meyer to teach his son, and Mecklenburg would later become an important sponsor of the Veiterfechter guild, it is unknown if Gunterrodt's efforts ever earned him a court appointment.

Treatise

Additional Resources

References

  1. Yield, ye arms, to the toga; to civic praise, ye laurels. De Officiis (Book I, sec. 77)