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Difference between revisions of "Jörg Wilhalm Hutter"

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Hutter's treatise appears in four manuscripts written between 1522 and 1523. It covers the three core subjects of the core Liechtenauer tradition, unarmored longsword fencing and armored dueling on horse and on foot; while the longsword material consists largely of a slightly garbled rendering of Liechtenauer's verse, the armored material shows more originality. The oldest of Hutter's manuscripts, [[Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cod.I.6.4º.5)|Codex I.6.4º.5]], consists only of titled illustrations of [[armored fencing]] and [[mounted fencing]]; for this reason, Hils assumed it was the draftbook used to develop the others.{{cn}} This draftbook, along with the completed [[Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cod.I.6.2º.3)|Codex I.6.2º.3]], were created in 1522. In 1523, Hutter created an accompanying longsword treatise, preserved in the [[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Codex I.6.2º.2]]. (This was also accompanied by [[Nicolaüs Augsburger]]'s 1489 longsword treatise, without attribution.)
 
Hutter's treatise appears in four manuscripts written between 1522 and 1523. It covers the three core subjects of the core Liechtenauer tradition, unarmored longsword fencing and armored dueling on horse and on foot; while the longsword material consists largely of a slightly garbled rendering of Liechtenauer's verse, the armored material shows more originality. The oldest of Hutter's manuscripts, [[Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cod.I.6.4º.5)|Codex I.6.4º.5]], consists only of titled illustrations of [[armored fencing]] and [[mounted fencing]]; for this reason, Hils assumed it was the draftbook used to develop the others.{{cn}} This draftbook, along with the completed [[Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cod.I.6.2º.3)|Codex I.6.2º.3]], were created in 1522. In 1523, Hutter created an accompanying longsword treatise, preserved in the [[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Codex I.6.2º.2]]. (This was also accompanied by [[Nicolaüs Augsburger]]'s 1489 longsword treatise, without attribution.)
  
Some time after this, all of Hutter's works, as well as a brief series of new uncaptioned illustrations possibly drawn from the [[Gladiatoria (Cl. 23842)|MS Cl. 23842]], were compiled into the [[Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cgm 3711)|Cgm 3711]]. This manuscript has some oddities not found in the others, including carnival costumes on some of the fighters and a pretzel salesman appearing in the illustration on [http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/bsb00064546/image_61 folio 11r]. It's currently unclear whether Hutter was involved in the creation of this manuscript or not, but it might be a presentation copy prepared for a fan of his prior works.
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Some time after this, all of Hutter's works, as well as a brief series of new uncaptioned illustrations possibly drawn from the [[Cluny Fechtbook (Cl. 23842)|MS Cl. 23842]], were compiled into the [[Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cgm 3711)|Cgm 3711]]. This manuscript has some oddities not found in the others, including carnival costumes on some of the fighters and a pretzel salesman appearing in the illustration on [http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/bsb00064546/image_61 folio 11r]. It's currently unclear whether Hutter was involved in the creation of this manuscript or not, but it might be a presentation copy prepared for a fan of his prior works.
  
 
Hutter's longsword treatise was copied by scultor [[Gregor Erhart]] into [[Gregor Erhart Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.354)|a manuscript]] in 1533, which was later acquired by [[Lienhart Sollinger]] and used as a source for his [[Lienhart Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cgm 3712)|Cgm 3712]]. The Codex I.6.2º.2 was acquired by [[Paulus Hector Mair]] in 1544, the Codex I.6.4º.5 in 1552, the MS E.1939.65.354 in 1560, and the Codex I.6.2º.3 in 1561. The second was used as the primary source for his writings on armored and mounted fencing; due to its lack of text, he inserted his own descriptions of the devices—descriptions which diverge noticeably from Hutter's own explanations in the Codex I.6.2º.3.
 
Hutter's longsword treatise was copied by scultor [[Gregor Erhart]] into [[Gregor Erhart Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.354)|a manuscript]] in 1533, which was later acquired by [[Lienhart Sollinger]] and used as a source for his [[Lienhart Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cgm 3712)|Cgm 3712]]. The Codex I.6.2º.2 was acquired by [[Paulus Hector Mair]] in 1544, the Codex I.6.4º.5 in 1552, the MS E.1939.65.354 in 1560, and the Codex I.6.2º.3 in 1561. The second was used as the primary source for his writings on armored and mounted fencing; due to its lack of text, he inserted his own descriptions of the devices—descriptions which diverge noticeably from Hutter's own explanations in the Codex I.6.2º.3.

Revision as of 17:43, 2 January 2015

Jörg Wilhalm Hutter
Born 15th century
Died 16th century
Occupation
Citizenship Augsburg, Germany
Movement Augsburg tradition
Influences
Influenced
Genres Fencing manual
Language Early New High German
Notable work(s) Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu
Augspurg
Archetype(s)
Manuscript(s)
Concordance by Michael Chidester
Signature Jörg Wilhalm Hutter sig.jpg

Jörg Wilhalm Hutter was a 16th century German fencing master. In addition to his fencing practice, his surname signifies that he was a hatter by trade, a fact that is confirmed in the tax records of Augsburg, Germany in 1501, 1504, and 1516.[citation needed] His writings clearly show that he stood in the tradition of the grand master Johannes Liechtenauer.

Hutter's treatise appears in four manuscripts written between 1522 and 1523. It covers the three core subjects of the core Liechtenauer tradition, unarmored longsword fencing and armored dueling on horse and on foot; while the longsword material consists largely of a slightly garbled rendering of Liechtenauer's verse, the armored material shows more originality. The oldest of Hutter's manuscripts, Codex I.6.4º.5, consists only of titled illustrations of armored fencing and mounted fencing; for this reason, Hils assumed it was the draftbook used to develop the others.[citation needed] This draftbook, along with the completed Codex I.6.2º.3, were created in 1522. In 1523, Hutter created an accompanying longsword treatise, preserved in the Codex I.6.2º.2. (This was also accompanied by Nicolaüs Augsburger's 1489 longsword treatise, without attribution.)

Some time after this, all of Hutter's works, as well as a brief series of new uncaptioned illustrations possibly drawn from the MS Cl. 23842, were compiled into the Cgm 3711. This manuscript has some oddities not found in the others, including carnival costumes on some of the fighters and a pretzel salesman appearing in the illustration on folio 11r. It's currently unclear whether Hutter was involved in the creation of this manuscript or not, but it might be a presentation copy prepared for a fan of his prior works.

Hutter's longsword treatise was copied by scultor Gregor Erhart into a manuscript in 1533, which was later acquired by Lienhart Sollinger and used as a source for his Cgm 3712. The Codex I.6.2º.2 was acquired by Paulus Hector Mair in 1544, the Codex I.6.4º.5 in 1552, the MS E.1939.65.354 in 1560, and the Codex I.6.2º.3 in 1561. The second was used as the primary source for his writings on armored and mounted fencing; due to its lack of text, he inserted his own descriptions of the devices—descriptions which diverge noticeably from Hutter's own explanations in the Codex I.6.2º.3.

Treatise

Additional Resources

References