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Jörg Wilhalm Hutter
|Jörg Wilhalm Hutter|
|Language||Early New High German|
|Notable work(s)||Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu|
|Concordance by||Michael Chidester|
Jörg Wilhalm Hutter was a 16th century German fencing master. In addition to his fencing practice, his surname signifies that he was a hatter by trade, a fact that is confirmed in the tax records of Augsburg, Germany in 1501, 1504, and 1516. His writings clearly show that he stood in the tradition of the grand master Johannes Liechtenauer.
Hutter's treatise appears in four manuscripts written between 1522 and 1523. It covers the three core subjects of the core Liechtenauer tradition, unarmored longsword fencing and armored dueling on horse and on foot; while the longsword material consists largely of a slightly garbled rendering of Liechtenauer's verse, the armored material shows more originality. The oldest of Hutter's manuscripts, Codex I.6.4º.5, consists only of titled illustrations of armored fencing and mounted fencing; for this reason, Hils assumed it was the sketchbook used to develop the others. This sketchbook, along with the completed Codex I.6.2º.3, were created in 1522. In 1523, Hutter created an accompanying longsword treatise, preserved in the Codex I.6.2º.2. (This was also accompanied by Nicolaüs Augsburger's 1489 longsword treatise, without attribution.)
Some time after this, all of Hutter's works, as well as a brief series of new uncaptioned illustrations possibly drawn from the MS Cl. 23842, were compiled into the Cgm 3711. This manuscript has some oddities not found in the others, including carnival costumes on some of the fighters and a pretzel salesman appearing in the illustration on folio 11r. It's currently unclear whether Hutter was involved in the creation of this manuscript or not, but it might be a presentation copy prepared for a fan of his prior works.
Hutter's longsword treatise was copied by scultor Gregor Erhart into a sketchbook in 1533; this manuscript was acquired by Lienhart Sollinger and used as a source for his Cgm 3712. The Codex I.6.2º.2 was acquired by Paulus Hector Mair in 1544, the Codex I.6.4º.5 in 1552, the MS E.1939.65.354 in 1560, and the Codex I.6.2º.3 in 1561. The second was used as the primary source for his writings on armored and mounted fencing; due to its lack of text, he inserted his own descriptions of the devices—descriptions which diverge noticeably from Hutter's own explanations in the Codex I.6.2º.3.