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Difference between revisions of "Joachim Meyer"

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  | alma_mater          =  
 
  | alma_mater          =  
 
  | patron              = {{collapsible list
 
  | patron              = {{collapsible list
   | Johann Albrecht (?)
+
  | Georg Johann Ⅰ
 +
  | Heinrich von Eberst
 +
   | Johann Albrecht
 
   | Johann Casimir
 
   | Johann Casimir
  | Heinrich von Eberst (?)
 
 
   | Otto von Sulms
 
   | Otto von Sulms
 
  }}
 
  }}
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  | subject              =  
 
  | subject              =  
 
  | movement            = [[Freifechter]]
 
  | movement            = [[Freifechter]]
  | notableworks        = ''[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|Gründtliche Beschreibung der <br/>Kunst des Fechtens]]'' (1570)
+
  | notableworks        = ''[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des <br/>Fechtens]]'' (1570)
 
  | manuscript(s)        = {{plainlist
 
  | manuscript(s)        = {{plainlist
   | [[Joachim Meyers Fäktbok (MS A.4º.2)|MS A.4º.2]] (1560s)
+
   | [[Joachim Meyers Fechtbuch (MS Bibl. 2465)|MS Bibl. 2465]] (1561)
   | [[Treatises/Manuscript purgatory|Lost manuscript]] (1561)
+
   | [[Joachim Meyers Fäktbok (MS A.4º.2)|MS A.4º.2]] (1568)
   | [[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|MS Varia 82]] (1563-70)
+
   | [[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|MS Varia 82]] (1570-1)
 
  }}
 
  }}
 
  | principal manuscript(s)=
 
  | principal manuscript(s)=
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'''Joachim Meyer''' (ca. 1537 - 1571)<ref name="Dupuis">[[Olivier Dupuis|Dupuis, Olivier]]. ''Joachim Meyer, escrimeur libre, bourgeois de Strasbourg (1537 ? - 1571). In Maîtres et techniques de combat.'' Dijon: AEDEH, 2006.</ref> was a [[century::16th century]] [[nationality::German]] [[Freifechter]] and [[fencing master]]. He was the last major figure in the tradition of the German grand master [[Johannes Liechtenauer]], and in the last years of his life he devised at least three distinct and quite extensive [[fencing manual]]s. Meyer's writings incorporate both the traditional Germanic technical syllabus and contemporary systems that he encountered in his travels, including Italian rapier fencing.<ref name="Castle 74">[[Egerton Castle|Castle, Egerton]]. {{Google books|XgYHAAAAQAAJ|Schools and Masters of Fencing: From the Middle Ages to the Eighteenth Century|page=74}}. London: George Bell and Sons, 1885. pp 74 - 76.</ref> In addition to his fencing practice, Meyer was a Burgher and a master cutler.<ref name="Naumann">Naumann, Robert. ''Serapeum.'' Vol. 5. T.O. Weigel, 1844. pp 53-59.</ref>
 
'''Joachim Meyer''' (ca. 1537 - 1571)<ref name="Dupuis">[[Olivier Dupuis|Dupuis, Olivier]]. ''Joachim Meyer, escrimeur libre, bourgeois de Strasbourg (1537 ? - 1571). In Maîtres et techniques de combat.'' Dijon: AEDEH, 2006.</ref> was a [[century::16th century]] [[nationality::German]] [[Freifechter]] and [[fencing master]]. He was the last major figure in the tradition of the German grand master [[Johannes Liechtenauer]], and in the last years of his life he devised at least three distinct and quite extensive [[fencing manual]]s. Meyer's writings incorporate both the traditional Germanic technical syllabus and contemporary systems that he encountered in his travels, including Italian rapier fencing.<ref name="Castle 74">[[Egerton Castle|Castle, Egerton]]. {{Google books|XgYHAAAAQAAJ|Schools and Masters of Fencing: From the Middle Ages to the Eighteenth Century|page=74}}. London: George Bell and Sons, 1885. pp 74 - 76.</ref> In addition to his fencing practice, Meyer was a Burgher and a master cutler.<ref name="Naumann">Naumann, Robert. ''Serapeum.'' Vol. 5. T.O. Weigel, 1844. pp 53-59.</ref>
  
Meyer was born in Basel,<ref>According to his wedding certificate.</ref> where he presumably apprenticed as a cutler. He writes in his books that he traveled widely in his youth, most likely a reference to the traditional Walz that journeyman craftsmen were required to take before being eligible for mastery and membership in a guild. Journeymen were often sent to stand watch and participate in town and city militias (a responsibility that would have been amplified for the warlike cutlers' guild), and Meyer learned a great deal about foreign fencing systems during his travels. It's been speculated by some fencing historians that he trained specifically in the Bolognese school of fencing, but this doesn't stand up to closer analysis.<ref>His dagger teachings do, however, show some evidence of influence by [[Achilles Marozzo]]'s printed treatise.</ref>
+
Meyer was born in Basel,<ref>According to his wedding certificate.</ref> where he presumably apprenticed as a cutler. He writes in his books that he traveled widely in his youth, most likely a reference to the traditional Walz that journeyman craftsmen were required to take before being eligible for mastery and membership in a guild. Journeymen were often sent to stand watch and participate in town and city militias (a responsibility that would have been amplified for the warlike cutlers' guild), and Meyer learned a great deal about foreign fencing systems during his travels. It's been speculated by some fencing historians that he trained specifically in the Bolognese school of fencing, but this doesn't stand up to closer analysis.<ref>The influence of [[Achilles Marozzo]]'s printed treatise is, however, apparent in the rapier illustrations of his 1561 manuscript and the dagger plays in his book.</ref>
  
 
Records show that by 4 June 1560 he had settled in Strasbourg, where he married Appolonia Ruhlman (Ruelman)<ref name="Dupuis"/> and was granted the rank of master cutler. His interests had already moved beyond smithing, however, and in 1561, Meyer petitioned the City Council of Strasbourg for the right to hold a [[Fechtschule]] (fencing competition). He would repeat this in 1563, 1566, 1567 and 1568;<ref name="Van Slambrouck">Van Slambrouck, Christopher. "[https://www.researchgate.net/publication/291284452_The_Life_and_Work_of_Joachim_Meyer The Life and Work of Joachim Meyer]". ''Meyer Frei Fechter Guild, 2010. Retrieved 29 January 2010.''</ref> the 1568 petition is the first extant record in which he identifies himself as a fencing master.
 
Records show that by 4 June 1560 he had settled in Strasbourg, where he married Appolonia Ruhlman (Ruelman)<ref name="Dupuis"/> and was granted the rank of master cutler. His interests had already moved beyond smithing, however, and in 1561, Meyer petitioned the City Council of Strasbourg for the right to hold a [[Fechtschule]] (fencing competition). He would repeat this in 1563, 1566, 1567 and 1568;<ref name="Van Slambrouck">Van Slambrouck, Christopher. "[https://www.researchgate.net/publication/291284452_The_Life_and_Work_of_Joachim_Meyer The Life and Work of Joachim Meyer]". ''Meyer Frei Fechter Guild, 2010. Retrieved 29 January 2010.''</ref> the 1568 petition is the first extant record in which he identifies himself as a fencing master.
  
Meyer probably wrote his first manuscript ([[Joachim Meyers Fäktbok (MS A.4º.2)|MS A.4º.2]]) in either 1560 or 1568 for Otto Count von Sulms, Minzenberg, and Sonnenwaldt.<ref>[[Roger Norling|Norling, Roger]]. "[http://www.hroarr.com/the-history-of-joachim-meyers-treatise-to-von-solms/ The history of Joachim Meyer’s fencing treatise to Otto von Solms]". Hroarr.com, 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2015.</ref> Its contents seem to be a series of lessons on training with [[long sword]], [[dussack]], and [[rapier]]. His second manuscript ([[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|MS Var.82]]), written between 1563 and 1570 for Heinrich Graf von Eberst, is of a decidedly different nature. Like many fencing manuscripts from the previous century, it is an anthology of treatises by a number of prominent German masters including [[Sigmund ain Ringeck]], [[pseudo-Peter von Danzig]], and [[Martin Syber]], and also includes a brief outline by Meyer himself on a system of rapier fencing based on German [[Messer]] teachings. Finally, on 24 February 1570 Meyer completed (and soon thereafter published) an enormous multi-weapon treatise entitled ''[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens]]'' ("A Thorough Description of the Art of Combat"); it was dedicated to Johann Casimir, Count Palatine of the Rhine, and illustrated at the workshop of [[Tobias Stimmer]].<ref>Whose members included Christoph Maurer and Hans Christoffel Stimmer.</ref>  
+
Meyer probably wrote his first manuscript ([[Joachim Meyers Fechtbuch (MS Bibl. 2465)|MS Bibl. 2465]]) in 1561 for Georg Johann Ⅰ, Count Palatine of Veldenz, and his second ([[Joachim Meyers Fäktbok (MS A.4º.2)|MS A.4º.2]]) in 1568 for Otto, Count von Sulms, Minzenberg, and Sonnenwaldt.<ref>[[Roger Norling|Norling, Roger]]. "[http://www.hroarr.com/the-history-of-joachim-meyers-treatise-to-von-solms/ The history of Joachim Meyer’s fencing treatise to Otto von Solms]". Hroarr.com, 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2015.</ref> Both of these manuscripts contain a series of lessons on training with [[long sword]], [[dussack]], and [[rapier]]; the 1561 also covers [[dagger]], [[polearms]], and [[armored fencing]]. His third manuscript ([[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|MS Var.82]]), written between 1563 and 1571 for Heinrich Graf von Eberst, is of a decidedly different nature. Like many fencing manuscripts from the previous century, it is an anthology of treatises by a number of prominent German masters including [[Sigmund ain Ringeck]], [[pseudo-Peter von Danzig]], and [[Martin Syber]], and also includes a brief outline by Meyer himself on a system of rapier fencing based on German [[Messer]] teachings.  
 +
 
 +
Finally, on 24 February 1570, Meyer completed an enormous treatise entitled ''[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens]]'' ("A Thorough Description of the Art of Combat"); it was dedicated to Johann Casimir, Count Palatine of the Rhine, and illustrated at the workshop of [[Tobias Stimmer]].<ref>Whose members included Christoph Maurer and Hans Christoffel Stimmer.</ref> It contains all of the weapons of the 1561 manuscript apart from fencing in armor, and dramtically expands his teachings on each.
  
 
Unfortunately, Meyer's writing and publication efforts incurred significant debts (about 1300 crowns), which Meyer pledged to repay by Christmas of 1571.<ref name="Dupuis"/> Late in 1570, Meyer accepted the position of Fechtmeister to Duke Johann Albrecht of Mecklenburg at his court in Schwerin. There Meyer hoped to sell his book for a better price than was offered locally (30 florins). Meyer sent his books ahead to Schwerin, and left from Strasbourg on 4 January 1571 after receiving his pay. He traveled the 800 miles to Schwerin in the middle of a harsh winter, arriving at the court on 10 February 1571. Two weeks later, on 24 February, Joachim Meyer died. The cause of his death is unknown, possibly disease or pneumonia.<ref name="Van Slambrouck"/>
 
Unfortunately, Meyer's writing and publication efforts incurred significant debts (about 1300 crowns), which Meyer pledged to repay by Christmas of 1571.<ref name="Dupuis"/> Late in 1570, Meyer accepted the position of Fechtmeister to Duke Johann Albrecht of Mecklenburg at his court in Schwerin. There Meyer hoped to sell his book for a better price than was offered locally (30 florins). Meyer sent his books ahead to Schwerin, and left from Strasbourg on 4 January 1571 after receiving his pay. He traveled the 800 miles to Schwerin in the middle of a harsh winter, arriving at the court on 10 February 1571. Two weeks later, on 24 February, Joachim Meyer died. The cause of his death is unknown, possibly disease or pneumonia.<ref name="Van Slambrouck"/>
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Appolonia remarried in April 1572 to another cutler named Hans Kuele, bestowing upon him the status of Burgher and Meyer's substantial debts. Joachim Meyer and Hans Kuele are both mentioned in the minutes of Cutlers' Guild archives; Kuele may have made an impression if we can judge that fact by the number of times he is mentioned. It is believed that Appolonia and either her husband or her brother were involved with the second printing of his book in 1600. According to other sources, it was reprinted yet again in 1610 and in 1660.<ref>Schaer, Alfred. {{Google books|0egSAAAAYAAJ|Die altdeutschen fechter und spielleute: Ein beitrag zur deutschen culturgeschichte|page=76}}. K.J. Trübner, 1901. p 76.</ref><ref>Pollock, W. H., Grove, F. C., and Prévost, C. {{Google books|OXSZ8FjBfhkC|Fencing|page=267}}. London and Bombay: Longmans, Green, and co, 1897. pp 267-268.</ref>
 
Appolonia remarried in April 1572 to another cutler named Hans Kuele, bestowing upon him the status of Burgher and Meyer's substantial debts. Joachim Meyer and Hans Kuele are both mentioned in the minutes of Cutlers' Guild archives; Kuele may have made an impression if we can judge that fact by the number of times he is mentioned. It is believed that Appolonia and either her husband or her brother were involved with the second printing of his book in 1600. According to other sources, it was reprinted yet again in 1610 and in 1660.<ref>Schaer, Alfred. {{Google books|0egSAAAAYAAJ|Die altdeutschen fechter und spielleute: Ein beitrag zur deutschen culturgeschichte|page=76}}. K.J. Trübner, 1901. p 76.</ref><ref>Pollock, W. H., Grove, F. C., and Prévost, C. {{Google books|OXSZ8FjBfhkC|Fencing|page=267}}. London and Bombay: Longmans, Green, and co, 1897. pp 267-268.</ref>
 
{{TOC limit|3}}
 
{{TOC limit|3}}
 +
 
== Treatises ==
 
== Treatises ==
  
Joachim Meyer's writings are preserved in two manuscripts prepared in the 1560s, the [[Joachim Meyers Fäktbok (MS A.4º.2)|MS A.4º.2]] (Lund) and the [[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|MS Var 82]] (Rostock); a third manuscript from 1561 has been lost since at least the mid-20th century, and its contents are unknown.<ref>[[Jens P. Kleinau]]. "[http://talhoffer.wordpress.com/2011/07/04/1561-joachim-meyer-dedicated-a-fencing-book-to-the-pfalzgrafen-of-pfalz-veldenz-2/ 1561 Joachim Meyer dedicated a fencing book to the Pfalzgrafen of Pfalz-Veldenz]". ''Hans Talhoffer ~ as seen by Jens P. Kleinau''. 04 July 2011. Retrieved 14 February 2015.</ref> Dwarfing these works is the massive book he published in 1570 entitled "[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|A Thorough Description of the Free, Chivalric, and Noble Art of Fencing, Showing Various Customary Defenses, Affected and Put Forth with Many Handsome and Useful Drawings]]". Meyer's writings purport to teach the entire art of fencing, something that he claimed had never been done before, and encompass a wide variety of teachings from disparate sources and traditions. To achieve this goal, Meyer seems to have constructed his treatises as a series of progressive lessons, describing a process for learning to fence rather than merely outlining the underlying theory or listing the techniques. In keeping with this, he illustrates his techniques with depictions of fencers in courtyards using training weapons such as two-handed foils, wooden dussacks, and rapiers with ball tips.
+
Joachim Meyer's writings are preserved in three manuscripts prepared in the 1560s, the [[Joachim Meyers Fäktbok (MS A.4º.2)|MS A.4º.2]] (Lund), the [[Joachim Meyers Fechtbuch (MS Bibl. 2465)|MS Bibl. 2465]] (Munich), and the [[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|MS Var 82]] (Rostock). Dwarfing these works is the massive book he published in 1570 entitled "[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|A Thorough Description of the Free, Chivalric, and Noble Art of Fencing, Showing Various Customary Defenses, Affected and Put Forth with Many Handsome and Useful Drawings]]". Meyer's writings purport to teach the entire art of fencing, something that he claimed had never been done before, and encompass a wide variety of teachings from disparate sources and traditions. To achieve this goal, Meyer seems to have constructed his treatises as a series of progressive lessons, describing a process for learning to fence rather than merely outlining the underlying theory or listing the techniques. In keeping with this, he illustrates his techniques with depictions of fencers in courtyards using training weapons such as two-handed foils, wooden dussacks, and rapiers with ball tips.
  
 
The first part of Meyer's treatise is devoted to the long sword (the sword in two hands), which he presents as the foundational weapon of his system, and this section devotes the most space to fundamentals like stance and footwork. His long sword system draws upon the teachings of Freifechter [[Andre Paurñfeyndt]] (via [[Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche kunst (Christian Egenolff)|Christian Egenolff's reprint]]) and Liechtenauer glossators [[Sigmund ain Ringeck]] and [[Lew]], as well as using terminology otherwise unique to the brief [[Recital]] of [[Martin Syber]]. Not content merely to compile these teachings as his contemporary [[Paulus Hector Mair]] was doing, Meyer sought to update—even reinvent—them in various ways to fit the martial climate of the late sixteenth century, including adapting many techniques to accommodate the increased momentum of a [[greatsword]] and modifying others to use beats with the flat and winding slices in place of thrusts to comply with street-fighting laws in German cities (and the rules of the Fechtschule).
 
The first part of Meyer's treatise is devoted to the long sword (the sword in two hands), which he presents as the foundational weapon of his system, and this section devotes the most space to fundamentals like stance and footwork. His long sword system draws upon the teachings of Freifechter [[Andre Paurñfeyndt]] (via [[Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche kunst (Christian Egenolff)|Christian Egenolff's reprint]]) and Liechtenauer glossators [[Sigmund ain Ringeck]] and [[Lew]], as well as using terminology otherwise unique to the brief [[Recital]] of [[Martin Syber]]. Not content merely to compile these teachings as his contemporary [[Paulus Hector Mair]] was doing, Meyer sought to update—even reinvent—them in various ways to fit the martial climate of the late sixteenth century, including adapting many techniques to accommodate the increased momentum of a [[greatsword]] and modifying others to use beats with the flat and winding slices in place of thrusts to comply with street-fighting laws in German cities (and the rules of the Fechtschule).
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{{master subsection begin
 
{{master subsection begin
  | title = Contents
+
  | title = Introduction
 
  | width = 90em
 
  | width = 90em
 
}}
 
}}
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|-  
 
|-  
 
! <p>Figures</p>
 
! <p>Figures</p>
! <p>{{rating|C|Draft Translation (from the 1570)}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
+
! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 
<section end="credits1"/>
 
<section end="credits1"/>
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|-  
 
|-  
 
! <p>Figures</p>
 
! <p>Figures</p>
! <p>{{rating|C|Draft Translation (from the 1570)}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
+
! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword A.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword A.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''Of Man and His Divisions</p>
 
| <p>'''Of Man and His Divisions</p>
  
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{{master subsection begin
 
{{master subsection begin
  | title = 2 - Of the Sword and its Divisions
+
  | title = 2 - Of the Sword and Its Divisions
 
  | width = 90em
 
  | width = 90em
 
}}
 
}}
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|-  
 
|-  
 
! <p>Figures</p>
 
! <p>Figures</p>
! <p>{{rating|C|Draft Translation (from the 1570)}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
+
! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Of the Sword and its Divisions'''</p>
+
| <p>'''Of the Sword and Its Divisions'''</p>
  
 
<p>Chapter 2</p>
 
<p>Chapter 2</p>
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|-  
 
|-  
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword A.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword A.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>The Long Edge is the full length of edge from the fingers onward, directed against your opponent, the Short or half edge is the one nearest the thumb, between the thumb and index finger, first finger pointing at the fencer’s self, as if it is imitating the other’s weapon. We will speak as well of the spine of the sword, as shown in the previous illustration.</p>
 
| <p>The Long Edge is the full length of edge from the fingers onward, directed against your opponent, the Short or half edge is the one nearest the thumb, between the thumb and index finger, first finger pointing at the fencer’s self, as if it is imitating the other’s weapon. We will speak as well of the spine of the sword, as shown in the previous illustration.</p>
 
|  
 
|  
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| class="noline" | <p>The fourth is the Weak, through which Changing, Rushing, Slinging, and similar such will duly be used in fencing, of which in what follows there will be many examples and pieces.</p>
 
| class="noline" | <p>The fourth is the Weak, through which Changing, Rushing, Slinging, and similar such will duly be used in fencing, of which in what follows there will be many examples and pieces.</p>
 
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/30|6|lbl=Ⅰ.5r.6}}
 
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/30|6|lbl=Ⅰ.5r.6}}
 
  
 
|}
 
|}
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|-  
 
|-  
 
! <p>Figures</p>
 
! <p>Figures</p>
! <p>{{rating|C|Draft Translation (from the 1570)}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
+
! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
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|-  
 
|-  
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword B.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword B.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''Ox'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Ox'''</p>
  
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|-  
 
|-  
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword C.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword C.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''Roof'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Roof'''</p>
  
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword E.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword E.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''Wrathful Guard'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Wrathful Guard'''</p>
  
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword A.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword A.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''Long Point'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Long Point'''</p>
  
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword D.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword D.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''Changer'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Changer'''</p>
  
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|-  
 
|-  
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword F.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword F.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>However, the Barrier Guard is when you hold your Sword with crossed hands in front of you with the point at the ground, which is seen from the figure in illustration F.</p>
 
| <p>However, the Barrier Guard is when you hold your Sword with crossed hands in front of you with the point at the ground, which is seen from the figure in illustration F.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/36|5|lbl=Ⅰ.7v.5}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/36|5|lbl=Ⅰ.7v.5}}
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword D.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword D.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''Key'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Key'''</p>
  
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword E.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword E.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''Unicorn'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Unicorn'''</p>
  
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|-  
 
|-  
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword Cuts.jpg|center]]
+
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword Cuts.png|center]]
 
| <p>Firstly if you will execute the high or Vertex Strike, you will find yourself in three Stances, first in the start you will stand in the Roof, in the Middle in the Long Point, and end up in the Fool, so you have moved directly from above through the Line from A to E via three Guards or Stances. If you then drive farther on upward from below to displace with crossed hands, you will find yourself in three more Stances, at the start in the Iron Door, in the Middle the Hanging Point, and in the end full above you in the Unicorn, then grip your Sword with the haft before your chest, so that the half edge lies on your left arm. Now you stand in the Key, and thus you come have onward and drove on along Line A and E from one stance into the other.</p>
 
| <p>Firstly if you will execute the high or Vertex Strike, you will find yourself in three Stances, first in the start you will stand in the Roof, in the Middle in the Long Point, and end up in the Fool, so you have moved directly from above through the Line from A to E via three Guards or Stances. If you then drive farther on upward from below to displace with crossed hands, you will find yourself in three more Stances, at the start in the Iron Door, in the Middle the Hanging Point, and in the end full above you in the Unicorn, then grip your Sword with the haft before your chest, so that the half edge lies on your left arm. Now you stand in the Key, and thus you come have onward and drove on along Line A and E from one stance into the other.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/39|2|lbl=Ⅰ.9r.2}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/39|2|lbl=Ⅰ.9r.2}}
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{{master subsection begin
 
{{master subsection begin
  | title = 4 - Of The Strikes
+
  | title = 4 - Of the Strikes
 
  | width = 90em
 
  | width = 90em
 
}}
 
}}
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|-  
 
|-  
 
! <p>Figures</p>
 
! <p>Figures</p>
! <p>{{rating|start|Incomplete Translation (from the 1570)}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
+
! <p>{{rating|start}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
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|-  
 
|-  
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword Cuts.jpg|center]]
+
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword Cuts.png|center]]
 
| <p>'''Wrathful Strike'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Wrathful Strike'''</p>
  
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword B.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword B.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''Under Strike'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Under Strike'''</p>
  
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword G.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword G.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''Glancing Strike'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Glancing Strike'''</p>
  
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword D.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword D.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''Arc Strike'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Arc Strike'''</p>
  
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword H.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword H.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''Thwart'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Thwart'''</p>
  
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<section begin="Kurtzhauw"/>
 
<section begin="Kurtzhauw"/>
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword B.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword B.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''Short Strike'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Short Strike'''</p>
  
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<section end="Glützhauw"/><section begin="Prellhauw"/>
 
<section end="Glützhauw"/><section begin="Prellhauw"/>
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword K.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword K.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''Bounce Strike'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Bounce Strike'''</p>
  
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/46|3|lbl=Ⅰ.13r.3}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/46|3|lbl=Ⅰ.13r.3}}
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword I.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword I.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>Do the double thus: just as your adversary brings his sword in the air to work against you while closing in, place yourself in the right Ochs, twitch your sword around your head, and strike with the inward flat strongly against his blade from your right side so that your pommel touches your forearm during the strike, as it is depicted in the large picture in Illustration I, and can be seen on the left hand side. However, while striking step well around towards his left with your right foot, and as soon as it hits or connects, pull it upwards and wrench out simultaneously towards your left side and nimbly strike from the outside with inverted hands again towards the same opening, that is with the inverted flat when it strongly rebounds in a ricochet motion, thus you have done it right.</p>
 
| <p>Do the double thus: just as your adversary brings his sword in the air to work against you while closing in, place yourself in the right Ochs, twitch your sword around your head, and strike with the inward flat strongly against his blade from your right side so that your pommel touches your forearm during the strike, as it is depicted in the large picture in Illustration I, and can be seen on the left hand side. However, while striking step well around towards his left with your right foot, and as soon as it hits or connects, pull it upwards and wrench out simultaneously towards your left side and nimbly strike from the outside with inverted hands again towards the same opening, that is with the inverted flat when it strongly rebounds in a ricochet motion, thus you have done it right.</p>
 
|  
 
|  
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<section end="Blendthauw"/><section begin="Windthauw"/>
 
<section end="Blendthauw"/><section begin="Windthauw"/>
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword H.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword H.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''Wound Strike'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Wound Strike'''</p>
  
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|-  
 
|-  
 
! <p>Figures</p>
 
! <p>Figures</p>
! <p>{{rating|C|Draft Translation (from the 1570)}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
+
! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
Line 938: Line 941:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword D.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword D.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>And now stands the whole Handwork applied in binding or staying, Travelling After, Cutting, Chopping Down, Walking Around, Misleading, Flowing Off, Putting Away, Displacing, Twitching, Doubling, Overturning, Capturing, Avoiding, Circling, Channeling, Winding, Winding Through, Changing, Changing Through, Cutting Away, Hand Punching, Shooting Ahead, Hanging, Moving Out, Blocking, Adjusting, Grappling, Closing, etc.</p>
 
| <p>And now stands the whole Handwork applied in binding or staying, Travelling After, Cutting, Chopping Down, Walking Around, Misleading, Flowing Off, Putting Away, Displacing, Twitching, Doubling, Overturning, Capturing, Avoiding, Circling, Channeling, Winding, Winding Through, Changing, Changing Through, Cutting Away, Hand Punching, Shooting Ahead, Hanging, Moving Out, Blocking, Adjusting, Grappling, Closing, etc.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/55|1|lbl=Ⅰ.17v.1}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/55|1|lbl=Ⅰ.17v.1}}
Line 1,053: Line 1,056:
 
<section begin="Zirckel"/>
 
<section begin="Zirckel"/>
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword E.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword E.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''Circle'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Circle'''</p>
  
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|-  
 
|-  
 
! <p>Figures</p>
 
! <p>Figures</p>
! <p>{{rating|C|Draft Translation (from the 1570)}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
+
! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
Line 1,228: Line 1,231:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! <p>Figures</p>
 
! <p>Figures</p>
! <p>{{rating|C|Draft Translation (from the 1570)}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
+
! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
Line 1,263: Line 1,266:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! <p>Figures</p>
 
! <p>Figures</p>
! <p>{{rating|C|Draft Translation (from the 1570)}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
+
! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
Line 1,323: Line 1,326:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! <p>Figures</p>
 
! <p>Figures</p>
! <p>{{rating|C|Draft Translation (from the 1570)}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
+
! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
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{{master subsection begin
 
{{master subsection begin
  | title = 10 - How one shall fence to the four Openings
+
  | title = 10 - How One Shall Fence to the Four Openings
 
  | width = 90em
 
  | width = 90em
 
}}
 
}}
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|-  
 
|-  
 
! <p>Figures</p>
 
! <p>Figures</p>
! <p>{{rating|C|Incomplete Translation (from the 1570)}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
+
! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword A.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword A.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''How one shall fence to the four Openings'''</p>
 
| <p>'''How one shall fence to the four Openings'''</p>
  
Line 1,391: Line 1,394:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword Segno.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword Segno.png|center]]
 
| <p>However if you would become practiced in this, then you shall always change with the first strike, and when you first strike to his upper left opening, and then the second is to his lower right opening, and then further as taught above (as is shown by the outer digits in the printed figure), then you shall again strike first to his lower left, then a second to his upper right, and then further as the second set of digits in the previous figure show. The next strike is first struck to his upper right then to his lower left, then further as shown by the third set. The last strike is first struck to his right, then further as is shown by the inner digits, and first learn this as instructed with the long then with the half edge, then lastly with the flat as judged into the work. When you can do such, then follow ahead to the next part, namely that you must understand the four openings before the strikes just taught can be retained, or onward your sword’s blade will be held off and you will be repulsed with better countering strikes, these are thus the two Main Elements of Fencing, the Origins from which all other elements flow forth, onward follows the third, a large element which is and is named the Practice. One comes to the Practice thus: when you can lead your strikes from the stances to all of Man’s divisions, which in the First part of fencing must be taken in the Before thus into the work, and yet your opponent is the same, and is also nimble in the Second stage of displacing, working off or stopping you and your strikes, so that you cannot reach your chosen destination for your strikes, then we come thus to the Third part which is the Practice, which is the most cunning, and teach it as you did the strikes where you were aware, that while every point can be futile or pointless, twitch off closely and nimbly from there to strike again onward, or feint over to let it go off and then lead on to another opening. When he also displaces himself, then twitch off yourself as well, and thus let fly from one opening to another so long and much as you are able to reach to a hit. However, so that such lessons will be marked and understood , I will demonstrate with a few good examples so that my objective will be simply and distinctly taught, presented, and set out, with which the goodly Reader will sufficiently judge all secondary and ongoing elements, and thus can take understanding from it in the Middle work thus:</p>
 
| <p>However if you would become practiced in this, then you shall always change with the first strike, and when you first strike to his upper left opening, and then the second is to his lower right opening, and then further as taught above (as is shown by the outer digits in the printed figure), then you shall again strike first to his lower left, then a second to his upper right, and then further as the second set of digits in the previous figure show. The next strike is first struck to his upper right then to his lower left, then further as shown by the third set. The last strike is first struck to his right, then further as is shown by the inner digits, and first learn this as instructed with the long then with the half edge, then lastly with the flat as judged into the work. When you can do such, then follow ahead to the next part, namely that you must understand the four openings before the strikes just taught can be retained, or onward your sword’s blade will be held off and you will be repulsed with better countering strikes, these are thus the two Main Elements of Fencing, the Origins from which all other elements flow forth, onward follows the third, a large element which is and is named the Practice. One comes to the Practice thus: when you can lead your strikes from the stances to all of Man’s divisions, which in the First part of fencing must be taken in the Before thus into the work, and yet your opponent is the same, and is also nimble in the Second stage of displacing, working off or stopping you and your strikes, so that you cannot reach your chosen destination for your strikes, then we come thus to the Third part which is the Practice, which is the most cunning, and teach it as you did the strikes where you were aware, that while every point can be futile or pointless, twitch off closely and nimbly from there to strike again onward, or feint over to let it go off and then lead on to another opening. When he also displaces himself, then twitch off yourself as well, and thus let fly from one opening to another so long and much as you are able to reach to a hit. However, so that such lessons will be marked and understood , I will demonstrate with a few good examples so that my objective will be simply and distinctly taught, presented, and set out, with which the goodly Reader will sufficiently judge all secondary and ongoing elements, and thus can take understanding from it in the Middle work thus:</p>
 
|  
 
|  
Line 1,424: Line 1,427:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword C.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword C.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>Note: twitch with a high strike from the right with the half edge to his left, but in the air cross over your hands and slash with the half edge to his left ear, as is shown by the top two figures in illustration C, twitch your hands again thus crosswise over you, and slash again with a traverse from below to his left ear, then again onward strike the traverse from below to his left with an advance step, twitch nimbly near your left above you, and thrust through in this off-twitch with your pommel under your right arm, and quickly again with crossed arms from your high right into his left, in this way slash with the flat below and above on the one side, that goes to both sides, and mark when you will slash to the lower right opening, which will be with the flat, long or short, then your hands will cross, but when you slash to his hight righ opening, then your hands will not always be crossed, from here mark the following example:</p>
 
| <p>Note: twitch with a high strike from the right with the half edge to his left, but in the air cross over your hands and slash with the half edge to his left ear, as is shown by the top two figures in illustration C, twitch your hands again thus crosswise over you, and slash again with a traverse from below to his left ear, then again onward strike the traverse from below to his left with an advance step, twitch nimbly near your left above you, and thrust through in this off-twitch with your pommel under your right arm, and quickly again with crossed arms from your high right into his left, in this way slash with the flat below and above on the one side, that goes to both sides, and mark when you will slash to the lower right opening, which will be with the flat, long or short, then your hands will cross, but when you slash to his hight righ opening, then your hands will not always be crossed, from here mark the following example:</p>
 
|  
 
|  
Line 1,450: Line 1,453:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! <p>Figures</p>
 
! <p>Figures</p>
! <p>{{rating|start|Incomplete Translation (from the 1570)}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
+
! <p>{{rating|start}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
Line 1,486: Line 1,489:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword G.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword G.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''The Fourth Part'''</p>
 
| <p>'''The Fourth Part'''</p>
  
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword E.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword E.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''Wrath Guard'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Wrath Guard'''</p>
  
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword F.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword F.png|center|400px]]
 
| rowspan="2" | <p>If you stand in the right Wrath stance and your opponent strikes from his right to your left, then with a step of your right foot drive with displacement under his blade and over your head, and catch his strike on your flat with your thumb underneath, and the blade hanging below you somewhat to the ground, but as soon as in glides then step with the left foot to his right side, and wind the short edge under his sword inward to his head, as shown by the small middle figures in illustration L. When you have wound, then hold your sword with the short edge on his, and wrench the sword out following against your right above you, as shown by the small middle figures in illustration F, thus that your hands complete the wrench high in the air and crossed over, and slash in (keeping your hands high) with an inwinding flat to his lower right opening, as soon as he swipes against it in displacement, then don’t pull but twitch high again and strike a glide strike to his left ear, but in this strike let the blade swing in deep over your hands and fence quickly away from him.</p>
 
| rowspan="2" | <p>If you stand in the right Wrath stance and your opponent strikes from his right to your left, then with a step of your right foot drive with displacement under his blade and over your head, and catch his strike on your flat with your thumb underneath, and the blade hanging below you somewhat to the ground, but as soon as in glides then step with the left foot to his right side, and wind the short edge under his sword inward to his head, as shown by the small middle figures in illustration L. When you have wound, then hold your sword with the short edge on his, and wrench the sword out following against your right above you, as shown by the small middle figures in illustration F, thus that your hands complete the wrench high in the air and crossed over, and slash in (keeping your hands high) with an inwinding flat to his lower right opening, as soon as he swipes against it in displacement, then don’t pull but twitch high again and strike a glide strike to his left ear, but in this strike let the blade swing in deep over your hands and fence quickly away from him.</p>
 
| rowspan="2" |  
 
| rowspan="2" |  
Line 1,527: Line 1,530:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword F.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword F.png|center|400px]]
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword A.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword A.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>If your counterpart strikes to you from above, then step and strike to him from your right with a high traversing Middle Strike, thus also through and away from his long edge strike in flight so that your blade flies over with the half edge against his left ear but, as soon as you near it, flow off and twitch over your head from your right to your left, step and slash him with an inverted flat from your left to his right ear, high traversing through the middle line shown on the larger figure on the right of illustration A.</p>
 
| <p>If your counterpart strikes to you from above, then step and strike to him from your right with a high traversing Middle Strike, thus also through and away from his long edge strike in flight so that your blade flies over with the half edge against his left ear but, as soon as you near it, flow off and twitch over your head from your right to your left, step and slash him with an inverted flat from your left to his right ear, high traversing through the middle line shown on the larger figure on the right of illustration A.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/90|2|lbl=Ⅰ.35r.2}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/90|2|lbl=Ⅰ.35r.2}}
Line 1,560: Line 1,563:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword Cuts.jpg|center]]
+
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword Cuts.png|center]]
 
| <p>'''With the Ox'''</p>
 
| <p>'''With the Ox'''</p>
  
Line 1,576: Line 1,579:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword K.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword K.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>In the pre-fencing when you have come into the guard of the Ox through a plunge, then strike (as soon as you can reach him) a serious and forceful Wrath Strike from your right to his left ear with a long right foot step, as soon as the strike touches or hits, then almost twitch off again and strike over against his left arm, also with the long edge, but with this strike step with your left foot to his right and take your head out to the side behind your blade, just then he may be ready either to strike or otherwise with his sword stretched out ahead to displace, so at first let your blade hang behind you from your right arm, and meanwhile twitch your grip over your head to your right and take his blade (he is stretched out from striking or displacing) with your long edge or flat and strongly and forcefully high traverse out from your right to his left so that you break out fully with your blade, and in this outward stride let your blade fly above again in a traverse over your head against his left ear, from there twitch your sword over your head again and strike a strong strike swinging in to his right ear with the flat outward, in a flat strike as shown by the larger figure on the right hand side of illustration K, also mark diligently that you step fully out with the left foot to his right side in this strike, from this flatstrike or Bounce Strike twitch your sword high over your head, keeping your hands high, and let the blade fly over with the long edge to his right arm, and yet don’t impact, but traverse nimbly to his left ear while stepping back with the right foot, and sign off. This play, when you have arranged it thus, gives you thus the cut held (as taught above) in reserve, with which you can make more room, either in fencing the full play, or onward in taking another part.</p>
 
| <p>In the pre-fencing when you have come into the guard of the Ox through a plunge, then strike (as soon as you can reach him) a serious and forceful Wrath Strike from your right to his left ear with a long right foot step, as soon as the strike touches or hits, then almost twitch off again and strike over against his left arm, also with the long edge, but with this strike step with your left foot to his right and take your head out to the side behind your blade, just then he may be ready either to strike or otherwise with his sword stretched out ahead to displace, so at first let your blade hang behind you from your right arm, and meanwhile twitch your grip over your head to your right and take his blade (he is stretched out from striking or displacing) with your long edge or flat and strongly and forcefully high traverse out from your right to his left so that you break out fully with your blade, and in this outward stride let your blade fly above again in a traverse over your head against his left ear, from there twitch your sword over your head again and strike a strong strike swinging in to his right ear with the flat outward, in a flat strike as shown by the larger figure on the right hand side of illustration K, also mark diligently that you step fully out with the left foot to his right side in this strike, from this flatstrike or Bounce Strike twitch your sword high over your head, keeping your hands high, and let the blade fly over with the long edge to his right arm, and yet don’t impact, but traverse nimbly to his left ear while stepping back with the right foot, and sign off. This play, when you have arranged it thus, gives you thus the cut held (as taught above) in reserve, with which you can make more room, either in fencing the full play, or onward in taking another part.</p>
 
|  
 
|  
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword C.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword C.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''Unicorn'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Unicorn'''</p>
  
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword D.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword D.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>or when you have crossed the half edge inward toward his head with crossed hands, so that you have given an opening on your left side, if he rushes (as described before) to fence the same way, then keep your hands crossed, pull your head full to the right, and shoot to him with your blade fully over his, the closer to his hilt the better, thus wrench his blade out to your left, as is shown by the small figures on the right hand side of illustration D, and, when this wrench out comes near your left side, drive out with your hands and slash over them with the hald edge deep to his left ear, after which you come nimbly with your long edge onto his sword after pulling out at your pleasure.</p>
 
| <p>or when you have crossed the half edge inward toward his head with crossed hands, so that you have given an opening on your left side, if he rushes (as described before) to fence the same way, then keep your hands crossed, pull your head full to the right, and shoot to him with your blade fully over his, the closer to his hilt the better, thus wrench his blade out to your left, as is shown by the small figures on the right hand side of illustration D, and, when this wrench out comes near your left side, drive out with your hands and slash over them with the hald edge deep to his left ear, after which you come nimbly with your long edge onto his sword after pulling out at your pleasure.</p>
 
|  
 
|  
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword I.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword I.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>Or when you thus come to be in the Unicorn in front of your opponent, then mark Just As he strikes from above to let your blade drive over your head and bind on his sword from your right high traversing to your left and, as soon as he goes off above from this, then let your blade snap over again so that your right hand comes over your left and fall forward to his arms with the short edge and crossed hands while he is still driving off, as is shown by the outermost figures on the right hand of illustration I, then thrust away forcefully out from your left side with your hilt and strike nimbly when he shows his next opening, or follow after him until you can have your advantage.</p>
 
| <p>Or when you thus come to be in the Unicorn in front of your opponent, then mark Just As he strikes from above to let your blade drive over your head and bind on his sword from your right high traversing to your left and, as soon as he goes off above from this, then let your blade snap over again so that your right hand comes over your left and fall forward to his arms with the short edge and crossed hands while he is still driving off, as is shown by the outermost figures on the right hand of illustration I, then thrust away forcefully out from your left side with your hilt and strike nimbly when he shows his next opening, or follow after him until you can have your advantage.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/96|2|lbl=Ⅰ.38r.2}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/96|2|lbl=Ⅰ.38r.2}}
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword F.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword F.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>'''Hanging Point'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Hanging Point'''</p>
  
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|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword I.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword I.png|center|400px]]
 
|  
 
|  
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/102|2|lbl=Ⅰ.41r.2}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/102|2|lbl=Ⅰ.41r.2}}
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword H.jpg|center|400px]]
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword H.png|center|400px]]
 
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/102|5|lbl=Ⅰ.41r.5}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/102|5|lbl=Ⅰ.41r.5}}
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|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword N.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword N.png|center|400px]]
 
|  
 
|  
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/104|2|lbl=Ⅰ.42r.2}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/104|2|lbl=Ⅰ.42r.2}}
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|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword F.jpg|center|400px]]
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword F.png|center|400px]]
 
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|-  
| rowspan="3" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword M.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| rowspan="3" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword M.png|center|400px]]
 
|  
 
|  
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/106|3|lbl=Ⅰ.43r.3}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/106|3|lbl=Ⅰ.43r.3}}
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{{master subsection end}}
 
{{master subsection end}}
  
<p style="width:100%; margin-left: 2em;">The long sword material in the [[Joachim Meyers Fäktbok (MS A.4º.2)|Lund manuscript]] closely mirrors the "Third Part" of Meyer's ''[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens]]'', so they are both included in the compilation below. Though the current translation is based on the Lund, in the future we will expand it with a full translation of both, footnoting the differences.</p>
+
<p style="width:95%; margin-left: 2em;">The long sword material in the [[Joachim Meyers Fäktbok (MS A.4º.2)|Lund manuscript]] closely mirrors the "Third Part" of Meyer's ''[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens]]'', so they are both included in the compilation below. Though the current translation is based on the Lund, in the future we will expand it with a full translation of both, footnoting the differences.</p>
  
 
{{master subsection begin
 
{{master subsection begin
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword G.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword G.png|center|400px]]
 
| <p>For you no guard will come so good<br/>In the after you strike out freely, boldly</p>
 
| <p>For you no guard will come so good<br/>In the after you strike out freely, boldly</p>
  
Line 2,053: Line 2,056:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| [[File:MS A.4º.2 12v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| [[File:MS A.4º.2 12v.jpg|400px|center]]
| '''Allow the Circle to connect to the right<br/>Hold your hands high, you will deceive him'''
+
| <p>Allow the Circle to connect to the right<br/>Hold your hands high, you will deceive him</p>
  
The Circle also comes from the Crooked Cuts and is a particularly good technique for deception, compared to others, because it does not just run off, unlike other deceptive techniques, like ablauffen and the like, but rather when one does it correctly and strikes the Circle very hard with the short edge in running by.
+
<p>The Circle also comes from the Crooked Cuts and is a particularly good technique for deception, compared to others, because it does not just run off, unlike other deceptive techniques, like ablauffen and the like, but rather when one does it correctly and strikes the Circle very hard with the short edge in running by.</p>
  
This Stück goes thus, (after you have come under his sword in the attack) when your stay in the bind, and drive your sword over the head, as soon as he gives a little room, so that he is not binding on the sword, but rather drives his sword then high above you, then cross your hands in the air, and cut from above with the short edge thus put crosswise, down to his right ear, so that whether your Blade hits or not, it runs around in a circle by his right arm, and in this keep your hands high above your head, as soon as he slips after the Circle, then step with your left foot well on to his right side, and cut in at his head with the Long edge, over his right arm, behind his blade, take your body and head well away from his strike with a step to your left side.
+
<p>This Stück goes thus, (after you have come under his sword in the attack) when your stay in the bind, and drive your sword over the head, as soon as he gives a little room, so that he is not binding on the sword, but rather drives his sword then high above you, then cross your hands in the air, and cut from above with the short edge thus put crosswise, down to his right ear, so that whether your Blade hits or not, it runs around in a circle by his right arm, and in this keep your hands high above your head, as soon as he slips after the Circle, then step with your left foot well on to his right side, and cut in at his head with the Long edge, over his right arm, behind his blade, take your body and head well away from his strike with a step to your left side.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/115|2|lbl=Ⅰ.47v.2}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/115|2|lbl=Ⅰ.47v.2}}
 
|  
 
|  
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword K.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword K.png|center|400px]]
| '''A good Stück from the Circle'''
+
| <p>'''A good Stück from the Circle'''</p>
  
When you stand before one in this same work, how you have previously been taught, thus pay attention when your advantage will come, then step aside at once with your left foot out to your left side, and cut with a circle to his right while you are stepping but that in running past to the right, it grazes, and also with this Circle, step through with your right foot between you and him, in to his right side, with this stepping through, cut a Zwerchhau from your right to his left, forwards to the face Indes spring well out to his right and cut him long after to his head.
+
<p>When you stand before one in this same work, how you have previously been taught, thus pay attention when your advantage will come, then step aside at once with your left foot out to your left side, and cut with a circle to his right while you are stepping but that in running past to the right, it grazes, and also with this Circle, step through with your right foot between you and him, in to his right side, with this stepping through, cut a Zwerchhau from your right to his left, forwards to the face Indes spring well out to his right and cut him long after to his head.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/115|3|lbl=Ⅰ.47v.3}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/115|3|lbl=Ⅰ.47v.3}}
 
|  
 
|  
Line 2,071: Line 2,074:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| [[File:MS A.4º.2 14r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| [[File:MS A.4º.2 14r.jpg|400px|center]]
| '''With the Crooked step well if you want to displace<br/>The crossing over, does him harm'''
+
| <p>With the Crooked step well if you want to displace<br/>The crossing over, does him harm</p>
  
This is when you cut in Crooked at the same time as him, with your strike you should step well out from his strike, so that you have your head behind your blade, well from his strike. The second part teaches you that when you have bound on his sword with a Crooked cut, that you nimbly cross over where you have the opportunity and then snap around or wind the quick snap to his head, or wrench out, allow it to overrun.
+
<p>This is when you cut in Crooked at the same time as him, with your strike you should step well out from his strike, so that you have your head behind your blade, well from his strike. The second part teaches you that when you have bound on his sword with a Crooked cut, that you nimbly cross over where you have the opportunity and then snap around or wind the quick snap to his head, or wrench out, allow it to overrun.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/117|1|lbl=Ⅰ.48v.1}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/117|1|lbl=Ⅰ.48v.1}}
 
|  
 
|  
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword O.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword O.jpg|center|400px]]
| '''A Stück from the Reversing'''
+
| <p>'''A Stück from the Reversing'''</p>
  
Note in Zufechten that you pay attention when he goes up before you, then step and cut a Crooked from your left to or above his right arm, with this Crooked cut step well to him, and reverse your sword and wrench downwards and out to your right side If he may work further, thus drive with the pommel from inside, between both of his arms, allow your left hand to release from the grip and grab your sword blade and wrench out upwards, how this figure shows.
+
<p>Note in Zufechten that you pay attention when he goes up before you, then step and cut a Crooked from your left to or above his right arm, with this Crooked cut step well to him, and reverse your sword and wrench downwards and out to your right side If he may work further, thus drive with the pommel from inside, between both of his arms, allow your left hand to release from the grip and grab your sword blade and wrench out upwards, how this figure shows.</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/117|2|lbl=Ⅰ.48v.2}}
 +
|
  
'''Counter''' - let go the left hand, and allow him to wrench without avail, Indes drive after his upwards pressing, with your slice to his arms, do not allow him to come to any further work, nor to cut freely, when you see your advantage, at once, allow your sword to fly to the next opening.
+
|-
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/117|2|lbl=Ⅰ.48v.2}}
+
| <p>'''Counter''' - Let go the left hand, and allow him to wrench without avail, Indes drive after his upwards pressing, with your slice to his arms, do not allow him to come to any further work, nor to cut freely, when you see your advantage, at once, allow your sword to fly to the next opening.</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/117|3|lbl=Ⅰ.48v.3}}
 
|  
 
|  
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| [[File:MS A.4º.2 15r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| [[File:MS A.4º.2 15r.jpg|400px|center]]
| '''Cut Crooked to his Flat<br/>And you will Weaken the Master'''
+
| <p>Cut Crooked to his Flat<br/>And you will Weaken the Master</p>
  
This is a lesson how you shall weaken one's incoming strike, and goes thus, In Zufechten pay attention when he cuts in at you from his right, then step well out from his strike and cut with crossed hands and the Long edge onto the strong of his sword's blade, on the Flat, thereby you weaken him, so that he can barely recover for another strike, then before he recovers you are on his head with winding and flicking.
+
<p>This is a lesson how you shall weaken one's incoming strike, and goes thus, In Zufechten pay attention when he cuts in at you from his right, then step well out from his strike and cut with crossed hands and the Long edge onto the strong of his sword's blade, on the Flat, thereby you weaken him, so that he can barely recover for another strike, then before he recovers you are on his head with winding and flicking.</p>
  
The Counter you should mark that when one meets you with a crooked cut, to your on coming strike, to weaken you, then change through nimbly under his blade and work to his side from which he sent his Crooked cut.
+
<p>The Counter you should mark that when one meets you with a crooked cut, to your on coming strike, to weaken you, then change through nimbly under his blade and work to his side from which he sent his Crooked cut.</p>
 
|  
 
|  
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/117|3|lbl=Ⅰ.48v.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/119|1|lbl=Ⅰ.49v.1|p=1}}
+
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/117|4|lbl=Ⅰ.48v.4|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/119|1|lbl=Ⅰ.49v.1|p=1}}
 
|  
 
|  
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| '''When first they connect and clash above<br/>Pull away to the openings you will confuse him'''
+
| <p>When first they connect and clash above<br/>Pull away to the openings you will confuse him</p>
  
This is a very good rhyme that admonishes you earnestly to pay attention to the openings that fall before you. For it is known that you go at him correctly in the After, thus you have very often whenever the swords connect or two strike and clash together above, there is an opening below. You will not fail to note this through several Stück.
+
<p>This is a very good rhyme that admonishes you earnestly to pay attention to the openings that fall before you. For it is known that you go at him correctly in the After, thus you have very often whenever the swords connect or two strike and clash together above, there is an opening below. You will not fail to note this through several Stück.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/119|2|lbl=Ⅰ.49v.2}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/119|2|lbl=Ⅰ.49v.2}}
 
|  
 
|  
Line 2,108: Line 2,114:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| Note in Zufechten send yourself into the Wrath Guard, as soon as you can get him, then step and cut in with him from your right a powerful high cut, when this clashes, then strike around nimbly with a Thwart to his left ear, with a back-step of your left foot, behind your right, thus you likewise hit twice, or complete two strikes before he completes one.
+
| <p>Note in Zufechten send yourself into the Wrath Guard, as soon as you can get him, then step and cut in with him from your right a powerful high cut, when this clashes, then strike around nimbly with a Thwart to his left ear, with a back-step of your left foot, behind your right, thus you likewise hit twice, or complete two strikes before he completes one.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/119|3|lbl=Ⅰ.49v.3}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/119|3|lbl=Ⅰ.49v.3}}
 
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|  
 
|  
| '''Item''' If one cuts at you from above like before, then cut from your lower left against his strike, so that you catch his High cut up in the air, as soon as it connects then cut with the forward short edge and crossed hands in a Circle, to his right ear and that you swiftly go almost at the same time, namely that when the blades connect together, thus you shall hit down from above with the short edge.
+
| <p>'''Item''' If one cuts at you from above like before, then cut from your lower left against his strike, so that you catch his High cut up in the air, as soon as it connects then cut with the forward short edge and crossed hands in a Circle, to his right ear and that you swiftly go almost at the same time, namely that when the blades connect together, thus you shall hit down from above with the short edge.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/119|4|lbl=Ⅰ.49v.4}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/119|4|lbl=Ⅰ.49v.4}}
 
|  
 
|  
Line 2,120: Line 2,126:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| '''Item''' In the Onset act as if you would cut from above; but as soon as you note that he slips upwards against your cut, at once turn your High Cut into a Low Cut before it actually connects above, this is the Simultaneous Failer.
+
| <p>'''Item''' In the Onset act as if you would cut from above; but as soon as you note that he slips upwards against your cut, at once turn your High Cut into a Low Cut before it actually connects above, this is the Simultaneous Failer.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/119|5|lbl=Ⅰ.49v.5}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/119|5|lbl=Ⅰ.49v.5}}
 
|  
 
|  
Line 2,126: Line 2,132:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| '''Item''' If he cuts from below, thus fall on it with your long edge from above when it clashes, then pull back nimbly and strike to the next opening in one motion, or strike around from his sword with the flat in a winding flick to the next opening.
+
| <p>'''Item''' If he cuts from below, thus fall on it with your long edge from above when it clashes, then pull back nimbly and strike to the next opening in one motion, or strike around from his sword with the flat in a winding flick to the next opening.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/119|6|lbl=Ⅰ.49v.6}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/119|6|lbl=Ⅰ.49v.6}}
 
|  
 
|  
Line 2,132: Line 2,138:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| [[File:MS A.4º.2 16v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| [[File:MS A.4º.2 16v.jpg|400px|center]]
| rowspan="2" | '''When you cut crooked at his strong<br/>Be sure to wind through and overrun with it'''
+
| rowspan="2" | <p>When you cut crooked at his strong<br/>Be sure to wind through and overrun with it</p>
 
 
This is when you cut a Crooked cut at one, and he holds off hard so that you cannot cross over, or have other work from above, thus wind under and through with the pommel, and cast the pommel to the other side over his blade or arm from the outside, and wrench downwards and strike in with the long edge deep to his head, or cast the pommel in between both of his hands, how this figure reveals.
 
 
 
  
 +
<p>This is when you cut a Crooked cut at one, and he holds off hard so that you cannot cross over, or have other work from above, thus wind under and through with the pommel, and cast the pommel to the other side over his blade or arm from the outside, and wrench downwards and strike in with the long edge deep to his head, or cast the pommel in between both of his hands, how this figure reveals.</p>
 
| rowspan="2" | {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/120|1|lbl=Ⅰ.50r.1}}
 
| rowspan="2" | {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/120|1|lbl=Ⅰ.50r.1}}
 
| rowspan="2" |  
 
| rowspan="2" |  
Line 2,153: Line 2,157:
 
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| '''The Pommel deception, you shall remember<br/>With Flicking and Quickening you will vex him'''
+
| <p>The Pommel deception, you shall remember<br/>With Flicking and Quickening you will vex him</p>
  
This is when you cut in with a Crooked Cut to his strong, if he opposes or displaces high, then wind through below with the pommel, and act as if you would grab over with the pommel, as I have already taught; and before he realizes it, then quickly flick the short edge back in at him, again on the same line, to whichever side you first did the Crooked Cut.
+
<p>This is when you cut in with a Crooked Cut to his strong, if he opposes or displaces high, then wind through below with the pommel, and act as if you would grab over with the pommel, as I have already taught; and before he realizes it, then quickly flick the short edge back in at him, again on the same line, to whichever side you first did the Crooked Cut.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/120|3|lbl=Ⅰ.50r.3}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/120|3|lbl=Ⅰ.50r.3}}
 
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| '''Item''' In the Zufechten, lay on against your opponent with a powerful horizontal Middle Cut strongly at his left ear. Quickly pull your pommel around your head, and threaten him with it as if you would thrust at his other side with the pommel, and if he wishes to slip after and displace the thrust then flick back at his left ear with the short edge, and in flicking, step with your left foot back behind your right.
+
| <p>'''Item''' In the Zufechten, lay on against your opponent with a powerful horizontal Middle Cut strongly at his left ear. Quickly pull your pommel around your head, and threaten him with it as if you would thrust at his other side with the pommel, and if he wishes to slip after and displace the thrust then flick back at his left ear with the short edge, and in flicking, step with your left foot back behind your right.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/120|4|lbl=Ⅰ.50r.4}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/120|4|lbl=Ⅰ.50r.4}}
 
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| '''Also you will then correctly shoot through<br/>Crooked, Short, change through on his shield'''
+
| <p>Also you will then correctly shoot through<br/>Crooked, Short, change through on his shield</p>
  
This is a proper master's technique, when you are in the Zufechten, then send yourself into the right Wrath; as soon as he brings his sword in the air, then strike a free High Cut at him, and in the air, cross your hands so that the right hand comes crosswise over the left, and cut then through crooked with the short edge against his cut, in this, step with a double step well out to his right, and cut with the long edge at his right ear, or use changing through to come onto his shield against his right; then work with winding, slicing, and whatever other work arises for you.
+
<p>This is a proper master's technique, when you are in the Zufechten, then send yourself into the right Wrath; as soon as he brings his sword in the air, then strike a free High Cut at him, and in the air, cross your hands so that the right hand comes crosswise over the left, and cut then through crooked with the short edge against his cut, in this, step with a double step well out to his right, and cut with the long edge at his right ear, or use changing through to come onto his shield against his right; then work with winding, slicing, and whatever other work arises for you.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/121|1|lbl=Ⅰ.50v.1}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/121|1|lbl=Ⅰ.50v.1}}
 
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| '''A free running Stuck from the Shooting through'''
+
| <p>'''A free running Stuck from the Shooting through'''</p>
  
Take heed in the Zufechten of he who pulls up his sword to strike, thus cut through quickly and freely before him how it is taught above, so that you come to his right on to his shield. And as soon as it connects, then wind again with the short edge in at his head, and in this winding, jerk your pommel well upward, so that your blade again snaps around, so that in your cut, your right hand comes back over your left, hit then with crossed hands, and thus in snapping around, wind in below to his right ear, and step at the same time, quickly with your left foot well out to his right. Then at once Thwart to his left ear with a step out, deeply wind your short edge inwards and again outwards to his left ear, and then cut away from him.
+
<p>Take heed in the Zufechten of he who pulls up his sword to strike, thus cut through quickly and freely before him how it is taught above, so that you come to his right on to his shield. And as soon as it connects, then wind again with the short edge in at his head, and in this winding, jerk your pommel well upward, so that your blade again snaps around, so that in your cut, your right hand comes back over your left, hit then with crossed hands, and thus in snapping around, wind in below to his right ear, and step at the same time, quickly with your left foot well out to his right. Then at once Thwart to his left ear with a step out, deeply wind your short edge inwards and again outwards to his left ear, and then cut away from him.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/121|2|lbl=Ⅰ.50v.2}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/121|2|lbl=Ⅰ.50v.2}}
 
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Line 2,183: Line 2,187:
 
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| '''Note when he would confuse you with the Crooked,<br/>Remain rightly on the sword; carry out the Krieg<br/>With winding, slicing, and what’s more;<br/>With flitting let yourself not go too far.'''
+
| <p>Note when he would confuse you with the Crooked,<br/>Remain rightly on the sword; carry out the Krieg<br/>With winding, slicing, and what’s more;<br/>With flitting let yourself not go too far.</p>
  
In these rhymes you learn how you should hold yourself against one who binds crooked on your sword, and reports to you, as well, two techniques. Namely the remaining and the War, this is when one binds you crooked on your sword, thus you should not pull away at once, but remain and feel what kind of work you will need, like for example, if he withdraws you chase after;
+
<p>In these rhymes you learn how you should hold yourself against one who binds crooked on your sword, and reports to you, as well, two techniques. Namely the remaining and the War, this is when one binds you crooked on your sword, thus you should not pull away at once, but remain and feel what kind of work you will need, like for example, if he withdraws you chase after;</p>
  
 
'''Item''' If he remains, then you wind. For winding, slicing, wrenching out, and reversing is called the War, through which one to the other always counters the opponent's devices. And one counter follows one from another, for if he wards off one, then with this he gives you occasion or helps you to another technique that conveniently follows after it, thus you both make War. Also this same you should note, when an opponent lays on against you with a Crooked Cut, that you shall not fly around from one opening to another, for as soon as you go away from the Crooked Cut, then you are totally open to him, where he will correctly step.
 
'''Item''' If he remains, then you wind. For winding, slicing, wrenching out, and reversing is called the War, through which one to the other always counters the opponent's devices. And one counter follows one from another, for if he wards off one, then with this he gives you occasion or helps you to another technique that conveniently follows after it, thus you both make War. Also this same you should note, when an opponent lays on against you with a Crooked Cut, that you shall not fly around from one opening to another, for as soon as you go away from the Crooked Cut, then you are totally open to him, where he will correctly step.
Line 2,205: Line 2,209:
 
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| '''Quickly flick the weak to the right,<br/>Double flick, protect yourself with the shield'''
+
| <p>Quickly flick the weak to the right,<br/>Double flick, protect yourself with the shield</p>
  
Note in the Zufechten, come into the right Change; from there, slash up through his face, so that your sword runs around your head above in a loop. Step with your left foot well to his right and strike with the outside flat from your left against his right athwart to his ear, with this, take your head well out of the way how it is previously stated here and when it clashes, then thrust your pommel through under your right arm and wind with the inside flat, in a flick, up from below again to his right ear. In this winding around remain hard on his shield and press hard from you. If he resists then let your sword go away and pull around your head, strike with the outside flat a strong Clashing Cut over your hand Wind through with the pommel back under your arm and flick from inside behind his blade at his head. Remain hard on his shield and wind rapidly back out, thus you stand back in the Clashing Cut as before. Work further as you will to the four openings, such as the need be and is previously taught here.
+
<p>Note in the Zufechten, come into the right Change; from there, slash up through his face, so that your sword runs around your head above in a loop. Step with your left foot well to his right and strike with the outside flat from your left against his right athwart to his ear, with this, take your head well out of the way how it is previously stated here and when it clashes, then thrust your pommel through under your right arm and wind with the inside flat, in a flick, up from below again to his right ear. In this winding around remain hard on his shield and press hard from you. If he resists then let your sword go away and pull around your head, strike with the outside flat a strong Clashing Cut over your hand Wind through with the pommel back under your arm and flick from inside behind his blade at his head. Remain hard on his shield and wind rapidly back out, thus you stand back in the Clashing Cut as before. Work further as you will to the four openings, such as the need be and is previously taught here.</p>
 
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/122|3|lbl=Ⅰ.51r.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/123|1|lbl=Ⅰ.51v.1|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/122|3|lbl=Ⅰ.51r.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/123|1|lbl=Ⅰ.51v.1|p=1}}
Line 2,214: Line 2,218:
 
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| '''Item''' If one again cuts a High Cut at you from his right then likewise cut a High Cut in against his at the same time. When it clashes, then rapidly thrust your pommel through under your arm and flick back inward to his head, before it rightly connects pull both your arms crossed upwards to your left and wrench upward around on his blade, flick back around at his left ear from below, thus again with the outside flat, how it is presented above, this double flicking shall happen quickly because it is a particularly nimble technique I have thus properly given to you. For when you bind from one side on his sword and remain hard on it and wind at him inwards and outwards in a flick, doubly on one side to the upper and lower part of his head, then when he parries the flicks, you will surely have an opening on the other side that you may connect with a Circle or by flicking around in a single motion.
+
| <p>'''Item''' If one again cuts a High Cut at you from his right then likewise cut a High Cut in against his at the same time. When it clashes, then rapidly thrust your pommel through under your arm and flick back inward to his head, before it rightly connects pull both your arms crossed upwards to your left and wrench upward around on his blade, flick back around at his left ear from below, thus again with the outside flat, how it is presented above, this double flicking shall happen quickly because it is a particularly nimble technique I have thus properly given to you. For when you bind from one side on his sword and remain hard on it and wind at him inwards and outwards in a flick, doubly on one side to the upper and lower part of his head, then when he parries the flicks, you will surely have an opening on the other side that you may connect with a Circle or by flicking around in a single motion.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/123|2|lbl=Ⅰ.51v.2}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/123|2|lbl=Ⅰ.51v.2}}
 
|  
 
|  
  
 
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword I.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword I.png|center|400px]]
| '''Also wind forcefully against his shield,<br/>Instantly shove him away and strike swiftly.'''
+
| <p>Also wind forcefully against his shield,<br/>Instantly shove him away and strike swiftly.</p>
  
That is when an opponent would defend off your double flicks and sets you off, thus catch his shield with yours and shove out; away from you sideways, Indes let your short edge snap around deep at his other opposite opening.
+
<p>That is when an opponent would defend off your double flicks and sets you off, thus catch his shield with yours and shove out; away from you sideways, Indes let your short edge snap around deep at his other opposite opening.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/123|3|lbl=Ⅰ.51v.3}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/123|3|lbl=Ⅰ.51v.3}}
 
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword N.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword N.png|center|400px]]
  
 
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|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''The Squinter cut you shall do wisely<br/>With winding you can also double him'''</p>
+
| <p>The Squinter cut you shall do wisely<br/>With winding you can also double him</p>
  
 
<p>There are three Squinters, namely two Squinting Cuts; one from the right, the second from your left with crossed hands not unlike the Crooked Cut, how I have reported above concerning the Crooked Cuts. The third is a Squinter with the face, when I focus on a point and act as if I intended to strike there but I do not do this to him, rather I cut in elsewhere.</p>
 
<p>There are three Squinters, namely two Squinting Cuts; one from the right, the second from your left with crossed hands not unlike the Crooked Cut, how I have reported above concerning the Crooked Cuts. The third is a Squinter with the face, when I focus on a point and act as if I intended to strike there but I do not do this to him, rather I cut in elsewhere.</p>
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| <br/>
+
| <p><br/></p>
  
'''Item''' If one changes through under your Squinting Cut to your right side, then remain nevertheless with the point right before his face and turn the long edge against his blade, allow Indes your pommel to go through under your right arm and step with your left foot well to his right side. Thus he has changed through in vain, for you come at his head with the first Squinting Cut and crossed hands, At once allow it to run off by his right side using the Circle and Thwart to his left.
+
<p>'''Item''' If one changes through under your Squinting Cut to your right side, then remain nevertheless with the point right before his face and turn the long edge against his blade, allow Indes your pommel to go through under your right arm and step with your left foot well to his right side. Thus he has changed through in vain, for you come at his head with the first Squinting Cut and crossed hands, At once allow it to run off by his right side using the Circle and Thwart to his left.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/126|1|lbl=Ⅰ.53r.1}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/126|1|lbl=Ⅰ.53r.1}}
 
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| '''Counter to the Plow'''
+
| <p>'''Counter to the Plow'''</p>
  
Note when an opponent comes before you in the guard of the Plow, then attack happily with the Squinting Cut, As soon as he drives out, then work to his lower openings and further to all four openings.
+
<p>Note when an opponent comes before you in the guard of the Plow, then attack happily with the Squinting Cut, As soon as he drives out, then work to his lower openings and further to all four openings.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/126|2|lbl=Ⅰ.53r.2}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/126|2|lbl=Ⅰ.53r.2}}
 
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Line 2,292: Line 2,296:
 
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| [[File:MS A.4º.2 22v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| [[File:MS A.4º.2 22v.jpg|400px|center]]
| '''Counter to the Long Point'''
+
| <p>'''Counter to the Long Point'''</p>
  
Item if one stands before you in the Long Point, thus position yourself with the gesture that you would cut in with a long High cut to his left ear, do not do this, but rather turn in the air and cut a strong Squinter cut to his sword, when it clashes, then slice the point forward into his face so that he must displace. When he drives upwards then pull your sword around your head in a flight and cut with the short edge and crossed hands; athwart to his right ear, allow the left hand to go well out and thus the short edge goes deep. Pull again around your head and wrench out his blade with the flat from your right athwart to his left, so that your sword again flies around above your head and allow the short edge to shoot in deep to his left ear, at once cut two undercuts to his right and left, Indes cut away.
+
<p>Item if one stands before you in the Long Point, thus position yourself with the gesture that you would cut in with a long High cut to his left ear, do not do this, but rather turn in the air and cut a strong Squinter cut to his sword, when it clashes, then slice the point forward into his face so that he must displace. When he drives upwards then pull your sword around your head in a flight and cut with the short edge and crossed hands; athwart to his right ear, allow the left hand to go well out and thus the short edge goes deep. Pull again around your head and wrench out his blade with the flat from your right athwart to his left, so that your sword again flies around above your head and allow the short edge to shoot in deep to his left ear, at once cut two undercuts to his right and left, Indes cut away.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/126|3|lbl=Ⅰ.53r.3}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/126|3|lbl=Ⅰ.53r.3}}
 
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Line 2,300: Line 2,304:
 
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| <br/>
+
| <p><br/></p>
  
Item If an opponent comes before you who will gladly bind long on to you from above or sends his first stroke long at you from the Roof, then when you are near to him or have come to him, slash through before him, up and out to your left, so that your sword's blade shoots around over your head in the Plunge to his left, Indes allow your sword to snap around back over your head, the right hand over the left and strike in at his right ear with the short edge at the same time as his strike, how it is taught above, do this correctly and step well there to him thus you will hit. So then this Stück is only on going, if he displaces however and drives out how he then (when he will displace) must drive out, at once pull around your head and cut him with the Long Edge from below athwart to his Left radial forearm, close to his pommel to the wrist. Of these two openings, one will be apparent to you, Pull your Hilt again upwards around your head and cut long with a strong cut to his upper left head, in these three strikes, step well with both your feet, in a double, step around his left side, thus the cuts go on well, this a good and earnest Stück, when you will seek to send it home.
+
<p>Item If an opponent comes before you who will gladly bind long on to you from above or sends his first stroke long at you from the Roof, then when you are near to him or have come to him, slash through before him, up and out to your left, so that your sword's blade shoots around over your head in the Plunge to his left, Indes allow your sword to snap around back over your head, the right hand over the left and strike in at his right ear with the short edge at the same time as his strike, how it is taught above, do this correctly and step well there to him thus you will hit. So then this Stück is only on going, if he displaces however and drives out how he then (when he will displace) must drive out, at once pull around your head and cut him with the Long Edge from below athwart to his Left radial forearm, close to his pommel to the wrist. Of these two openings, one will be apparent to you, Pull your Hilt again upwards around your head and cut long with a strong cut to his upper left head, in these three strikes, step well with both your feet, in a double, step around his left side, thus the cuts go on well, this a good and earnest Stück, when you will seek to send it home.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/127|1|lbl=Ⅰ.53v.1}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/127|1|lbl=Ⅰ.53v.1}}
 
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| '''Another Stück from the Squinter cut'''
+
| <p>'''Another Stück from the Squinter cut'''</p>
  
In Zufechten, when you come close to him, then position yourself as if you would cut a long High cut at him, when he drives out to meet you, thus turn the short edge from your right, in the air, against his left and jerk your pommel upwards, cut him with the short edge over his arm or hand, step well to his left side, allow this to run forth over in a circle and cut long after to the next opening, or fight to him with the under cuts.
+
<p>In Zufechten, when you come close to him, then position yourself as if you would cut a long High cut at him, when he drives out to meet you, thus turn the short edge from your right, in the air, against his left and jerk your pommel upwards, cut him with the short edge over his arm or hand, step well to his left side, allow this to run forth over in a circle and cut long after to the next opening, or fight to him with the under cuts.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/127|2|lbl=Ⅰ.53v.2}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/127|2|lbl=Ⅰ.53v.2}}
 
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| '''The Double Squinter'''
+
| <p>'''The Double Squinter'''</p>
  
Item At the Start, thus cut against his cut from your right, with a Squinter to his sword, when this clashes, then reverse your sword on his blade and slide off to your left, step out with the right, continuing towards his left side, allow your blade to drive around your head and cut the next Squinter to his head, also from your right above and in deep to his left. Then cut a double squinter, nimbly, one into the other, stepping to his left, this is a very swift Stück against slow fencers who fight with their arms far from themselves.
+
<p>Item At the Start, thus cut against his cut from your right, with a Squinter to his sword, when this clashes, then reverse your sword on his blade and slide off to your left, step out with the right, continuing towards his left side, allow your blade to drive around your head and cut the next Squinter to his head, also from your right above and in deep to his left. Then cut a double squinter, nimbly, one into the other, stepping to his left, this is a very swift Stück against slow fencers who fight with their arms far from themselves.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/128|1|lbl=Ⅰ.54r.1}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/128|1|lbl=Ⅰ.54r.1}}
 
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| '''The Third Squinter is a deceiving with the Face'''
+
| <p>'''The Third Squinter is a deceiving with the Face'''</p>
  
In Zufechten slash up so that you come into the Guard of the Roof, as soon as you can reach him, at once wind the short edge to him, while its still in the air, squint with your face as if you would cut to his left with the Squinter cut, don't do this, but rather allow the Squinter to fall past by his left and work to his right, or work him to the right and cut quickly again to his left, take your body well after with it, for this is a fine and good work that can't be written as well as it can be shown with the living body.
+
<p>In Zufechten slash up so that you come into the Guard of the Roof, as soon as you can reach him, at once wind the short edge to him, while its still in the air, squint with your face as if you would cut to his left with the Squinter cut, don't do this, but rather allow the Squinter to fall past by his left and work to his right, or work him to the right and cut quickly again to his left, take your body well after with it, for this is a fine and good work that can't be written as well as it can be shown with the living body.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/128|3|lbl=Ⅰ.54r.3}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/128|3|lbl=Ⅰ.54r.3}}
 
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword G.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword G.png|center|400px]]
| '''Note a swift Stück from the Squinter'''
+
| <p>'''Note a swift Stück from the Squinter'''</p>
  
When you come close to him, then Wing up by him, so that you come with crossed hands into the Unicorn. In this Winging up, lift your left foot somewhat upwards, after you come through the Unicorn with crossed hands, thus you stand as if you would shoot through, as soon as he extends his sword out, thus cut then with crossed hands and the short edge from above again to his right, on to the forward portion of his sword's blade and before it connects, turn your short edge around and cut with the Squinter, that is with the short edge from your right to his left side, to his arm or face, not with crossed hands and with a step of your right foot, towards his left, in hitting, allow your blade to run off from his left only slightly besides and along with this, thrust through at once with your pommel, under your right arm, then cross your hands so that your short edge snaps around again to his left, over to his head or arm thus with crossed hand from your right to your left or bar him over both of his arms, if he holds you again so that you cannot wrench out or suppress from above, then allow the pommel to run through below and grab him over his right arm, drive the wrestling to him.
+
<p>When you come close to him, then Wing up by him, so that you come with crossed hands into the Unicorn. In this Winging up, lift your left foot somewhat upwards, after you come through the Unicorn with crossed hands, thus you stand as if you would shoot through, as soon as he extends his sword out, thus cut then with crossed hands and the short edge from above again to his right, on to the forward portion of his sword's blade and before it connects, turn your short edge around and cut with the Squinter, that is with the short edge from your right to his left side, to his arm or face, not with crossed hands and with a step of your right foot, towards his left, in hitting, allow your blade to run off from his left only slightly besides and along with this, thrust through at once with your pommel, under your right arm, then cross your hands so that your short edge snaps around again to his left, over to his head or arm thus with crossed hand from your right to your left or bar him over both of his arms, if he holds you again so that you cannot wrench out or suppress from above, then allow the pommel to run through below and grab him over his right arm, drive the wrestling to him.</p>
 
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/128|4|lbl=Ⅰ.54r.4|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/129|1|lbl=Ⅰ.54v.1|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/128|4|lbl=Ⅰ.54r.4|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/129|1|lbl=Ⅰ.54v.1|p=1}}
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| [[File:MS A.4º.2 25r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| [[File:MS A.4º.2 25r.jpg|400px|center]]
| <br/>
+
| <p><br/></p>
  
Changing through is useful against those who fight with the Squinter or Crooked Cuts. Note this also, if he does not extend his hands far from him in his cuts but rather holds them close by himself in fighting, you may readily change through far from him.
+
<p>Changing through is useful against those who fight with the Squinter or Crooked Cuts. Note this also, if he does not extend his hands far from him in his cuts but rather holds them close by himself in fighting, you may readily change through far from him.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/129|2|lbl=Ⅰ.54v.2}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/129|2|lbl=Ⅰ.54v.2}}
 
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| '''Item''' If he fights with winding, reversing, Crooked Cuts, Squinting Cuts or any other Stück with it he shortens his strike or cannot fight long from himself, how it then goes in such Stücken in which you shall also (before they bring their technique to the halfway) change through against him, to the other side which he opens with this shortening, thus you force him to displace and he allows the Vor to pass to you.
+
| <p>'''Item''' If he fights with winding, reversing, Crooked Cuts, Squinting Cuts or any other Stück with it he shortens his strike or cannot fight long from himself, how it then goes in such Stücken in which you shall also (before they bring their technique to the halfway) change through against him, to the other side which he opens with this shortening, thus you force him to displace and he allows the Vor to pass to you.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/129|3|lbl=Ⅰ.54v.3}}
 
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/129|3|lbl=Ⅰ.54v.3}}
 
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| '''Item''' If one fights far and long from himself with the long edge, however more to your sword than body, then you shall change through to the next opening and allow him to fall through with his cuts. So then be diligent with how you fence, that is with the short or long edge, that you namely cut him to the opening, that is, you cut him to the body and if it does not always happen that you may cut him to the body, thus when he changes through, you quickly fall in after his Sword to the opening.
+
| <p>'''Item''' If one fights far and long from himself with the long edge, however more to your sword than body, then you shall change through to the next opening and allow him to fall through with his cuts. So then be diligent with how you fence, that is with the short or long edge, that you namely cut him to the opening, that is, you cut him to the body and if it does not always happen that you may cut him to the body, thus when he changes through, you quickly fall in after his Sword to the opening.</p>
  
Also thus note this Rule in all cutting, when you connect or catch his blade with your strong, in the bind, as soon as it clashes, you shall cut at once with the weak (that is with the forward part) to the body or next opening cut at, so that then your sword cuts likewise at his blade and body, or as soon as your strong connects with his sword, then as they clash together you shall turn the weak to the nearest opening with flicking, snapping and winding.
+
<p>Also thus note this Rule in all cutting, when you connect or catch his blade with your strong, in the bind, as soon as it clashes, you shall cut at once with the weak (that is with the forward part) to the body or next opening cut at, so that then your sword cuts likewise at his blade and body, or as soon as your strong connects with his sword, then as they clash together you shall turn the weak to the nearest opening with flicking, snapping and winding.</p>
 
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/129|4|lbl=Ⅰ.54v.4|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/130|1|lbl=Ⅰ.55r.1|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/129|4|lbl=Ⅰ.54v.4|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/130|1|lbl=Ⅰ.55r.1|p=1}}
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| Further you should take from these lessons, when you will execute these techniques against someone who knows how to change through against you, for example when you send your sword into the air for a Squinting Cut or Crooked Cut.
+
| <p>Further you should take from these lessons, when you will execute these techniques against someone who knows how to change through against you, for example when you send your sword into the air for a Squinting Cut or Crooked Cut.</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/130|2|lbl=Ⅰ.55r.2}}
 +
|
  
'''Item''' To the Crossing over, Falling and others which are similar, as soon as you realize that he will change through, then fall from such work into the Long Slice, to the opening that he gives you by changing through. For often when he changes through he opens himself, And when you travel after to his opening, then watch for his sword with the long edge, if it would come too near to you, that you turn the strong against him and at the same time, remain on his opening with the short edge, as soon as you have connected, then remain no longer but rather let it quickly fly away from one opening to another.
+
|-
| Ferner hald dich auch diser lehr / wann du solche stuck Fechten wilt gegen denen er dir durchwechseln kann / als nemlich dieweil du dein Schwerdt in der lufft führest / zu einem Schielhauw oder Krumphauw. Item zum verschrencken / verfellen und was dergleichen ist / so bald du gewar wirst das er durchwechseln will / so verfall auß solcher arbeit in den langen schnit / das ist in das Langort der Blöße zu / die er dir geben wirt im durchwechseln / dann so offt er durchwechselt blöst er sich / unnd in dem du ihme zur Blöß durchreissest / so wardt mit der Langen schneide seines schwerdts / wo es dir zu nahe komen wolt / das du mit der sterck gegen ihme wendest / unn gleich wol mit der kurtze schneide auff seiner Blöse bleibest / als bald du gerühret hast / so verharr nicht lenger / sondern laß behendt abfliegen von einer Blöß zur andern.
+
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' To the Crossing over, Falling and others which are similar, as soon as you realize that he will change through, then fall from such work into the Long Slice, to the opening that he gives you by changing through. For often when he changes through he opens himself, And when you travel after to his opening, then watch for his sword with the long edge, if it would come too near to you, that you turn the strong against him and at the same time, remain on his opening with the short edge, as soon as you have connected, then remain no longer but rather let it quickly fly away from one opening to another.</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/130|3|lbl=Ⅰ.55r.3}}
 
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|  
| '''The Thwart you shall also consider valuable,<br/>With it your skill in the sword becomes great.'''
+
| <p>The Thwart you shall also consider valuable,<br/>With it your skill in the sword becomes great.</p>
 
 
The Thwart is one of the chief master techniques with the sword. For you should know, if the Thwart did not exist, then it would be like "half fencing", especially when you are under the opponent’s sword and therein you can no longer attack with long cuts through the Cross, and if I have already written enough about the Thwart such that if someone knows how to fight, he could have a sufficient understanding from it, but meanwhile I write not great of great Fencers or Artists, also I have not intended to write historically of fencing, as the art is drawn from memory. But rather solely, I've attempted to write an instruction book, therefore I will not only repeat the Thwart here, but also write more fully about it, for the instruction of those that love such art.
 
| '''Die Zwirch soltu auch halten werdt /<br/>Damit ganz wirdt dein kunst im Schwerdt.'''
 
  
Die Zwiirch ist auch der fürnemen Meisterstuck eins im Schwerdt / dann du solt wissen / wann die Zwirch nit wehre wie jetziger zeit im brauch ist / were es umb das halb Fechten geschehen / sonderlich wann du under des Mannes Schwerdt darinnen bist / da du nicht mehr mit langen Häuwen durch kreutz Fechten kanst / ob ich schon vornen auch von den Zwirchen geschriben / sovil das wo einer Fechten kan / gnugsam verstand darauß fassen köndte / aber dierweil vil an der Zwirch (wie gesagt) gelegen / zu den ich auch grossen Meistern / sonder vil mehr den lehrnenden zuschreiben mir fürgenomen / Derhalben ich die Zwirch hie nicht allein wider holen / sonder auch weitläuffiger davon schreiben / zur lehr denen die solche kunst lieben.
+
<p>The Thwart is one of the chief master techniques with the sword. For you should know, if the Thwart did not exist, then it would be like "half fencing", especially when you are under the opponent’s sword and therein you can no longer attack with long cuts through the Cross, and if I have already written enough about the Thwart such that if someone knows how to fight, he could have a sufficient understanding from it, but meanwhile I write not great of great Fencers or Artists, also I have not intended to write historically of fencing, as the art is drawn from memory. But rather solely, I've attempted to write an instruction book, therefore I will not only repeat the Thwart here, but also write more fully about it, for the instruction of those that love such art.</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/130|4|lbl=Ⅰ.55r.4}}
 
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|  
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
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|  
| In Zufechten take note if your opponent will attack at you from the Day, (that is from above) then slash up from the right Change toward your opponent's face, when he will strike or cut, then let your blade drive towards your left and around your head, so that your flat stands upward and your thumb is underneath on your shield, step with your right foot well around his left side toward him, simultaneous with the step, cut with the short edge from your right to his left ear, so that together your hilt and with the thumb underneath, stands high above your head to the displacing, so then if he strikes, you will catch his stroke on the strong of your sword and at the same time with the forward short, you cut athwart from below to his left ear, how the second figure shows, as soon as the swords connect together or clash, then strike with the long Thwart deep at his right ear, such that your thumb remains underneath, perpendicular.
+
| <p>In Zufechten take note if your opponent will attack at you from the Day, (that is from above) then slash up from the right Change toward your opponent's face, when he will strike or cut, then let your blade drive towards your left and around your head, so that your flat stands upward and your thumb is underneath on your shield, step with your right foot well around his left side toward him, simultaneous with the step, cut with the short edge from your right to his left ear, so that together your hilt and with the thumb underneath, stands high above your head to the displacing, so then if he strikes, you will catch his stroke on the strong of your sword and at the same time with the forward short, you cut athwart from below to his left ear, how the second figure shows, as soon as the swords connect together or clash, then strike with the long Thwart deep at his right ear, such that your thumb remains underneath, perpendicular.</p>
| Im zufechten hab acht / ob der Mann auff dich von Tag / das ist von Oben angreiffen wil / so streich von dem rechten Wechsel auff / gegen des Manns gesicht / in dem er schlagen oder Hauwen will / so laß dein kling neben deiner Linken umb den Kopff fahren / das dein flech ubersich stehe / und dein Daumen undersich auff deinem Schilt / oder der Schilt auff deinem Daumen lige / trit mit dem Rechten fuß wol umb sein Lincke seiten zu jhm / gleich mit '''[LVv]''' dem trit / Hauwe mit halber schneide von deiner Rechten seiten / gegen seinem Lincken ohr / das dein gehiltz sampt dem Daumen unden hoch uber dem Haupt stehe zur versatzung / also das wo er schlüge / du im sein streich auff die stercke deines Schwerdts empfangest / unn zugleich mit der eussern kurtzen schneid zwerch von unden zu seinem Lincken ohr treffest / so bald die Schwerdter zusamen rühren oder glützen / so schlag mit der langen Zwirch / das dein Daumen unden bleib / ubereck zu seinem rechten Ohr tieff.
+
|
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/130|5|lbl=Ⅰ.55r.5|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/131|1|lbl=Ⅰ.55v.1|p=1}}
 
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| Secondly, Note when you strike in with a Thwart at the same time as him, or bind on, then from this same, at once search above and below for the openings, with reversing, snapping around again, or Thwarts, fearless Traveling after, then as soon as One will cut from above at you, thus displace him with the Thwart, so that with this, the swords clash together, then reverse, set off upwards, seek the openings and fight with the types of works that have been reported here previously. Wherein Liechtenauer speaks correctly in his cryptic verses,<br/><br/>
+
| <p>Secondly, Note when you strike in with a Thwart at the same time as him, or bind on, then from this same, at once search above and below for the openings, with reversing, snapping around again, or Thwarts, fearless Traveling after, then as soon as One will cut from above at you, thus displace him with the Thwart, so that with this, the swords clash together, then reverse, set off upwards, seek the openings and fight with the types of works that have been reported here previously. Wherein Liechtenauer speaks correctly in his cryptic verses,</p>
  
 
:''The Thwart takes<br/>All that come from above,<br/>Thwart with the strong<br/>Mark your work with it''
 
:''The Thwart takes<br/>All that come from above,<br/>Thwart with the strong<br/>Mark your work with it''
  
that is; all high strikes, displace with the Thwart, or how I have here set forth with my Rhymes:
+
<p>that is; all high strikes, displace with the Thwart, or how I have here set forth with my Rhymes:</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/131|2|lbl=Ⅰ.55v.2}}
 +
|
  
:''For everything that comes from the Roof<br/>The thwart may displace this<br/>In the Onset drive the Failer strongly<br/>Note also you Reverse and Fail with it''
+
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>For everything that comes from the Roof<br/>The thwart may displace this<br/>In the Onset drive the thwart strongly<br/>Note also you Reverse and Fail with it</p>
  
If one cuts at you from above, thus Thwart strongly against his strike, you force him to fall so much lower with his cut, when it connects you must then thrust your pommel through under your right, reverse, press downwards, let the blade snap around again with the short edge in his face, yet such that in the reversing and snapping around you remain with the slice on his arms.
+
<p>If one cuts at you from above, thus Thwart strongly against his strike, you force him to fall so much lower with his cut, when it connects you must then thrust your pommel through under your right, reverse, press downwards, let the blade snap around again with the short edge in his face, yet such that in the reversing and snapping around you remain with the slice on his arms.</p>
| Zum andern merck / wann du mit einem Zwirchschlag zugleich mit jme einhauwest oder anbindest / so bald such Oben und Unden auff derselben seiten die Blöß / mit verkeren und wider umbschnappen / oder Zwirchen Uberschrencken / Nachreisen / Schneiden / Hend trucken / Außreissen / dann als bald dir einer von Oben zuhauwet / so versetz ihm mit der Zwirch / in dem die Schwerdter zusamen glitzen oder rühren / so verkehr schrenck ubersich die Blöß / unnd ficht was dir für arbeit hie neben gemelt zu erst werden mag / Darumb spricht Lichtenawer recht in seinen verborgenen Reimen /
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/131|3|lbl=Ⅰ.55v.3|p=1}}
 
 
:''Zwirch benimbt /<br/>Was von oben kümpt.<br/>Item Zwirch mit der sterck /<br/>Dein arbeit damit merck.''
 
 
 
Das ist alle Tach streich versetz mit Zwirch / oder wie ich sie hie meinen Reimen gesetzet.
 
 
 
:''Dann alles was da kompt von tag/<br/>Die Zwirch solches versetzen mag.<br/>Im angriff treib die Zwirch mit Sterck/<br/>Verkehren / fehlen auch mit merck.''
 
 
 
Hauwet einer auff dich von Tag / so Zwirch gegen seinem streich mit sterck / damit zwingestu ihn das er dester dieffer mit seinen Hauw zu thal fallen muß / in dem es glitzt so stoß dein knopff under deinem rechten Arm durch / verkehr also unn truck undersich / laß die kling als bald wider umschnappen / die kurtz schneide in sein gesicht / doch das du im verkeren und umbschnappen mit dem Schnit auff sein Armen bleibest
 
 
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword I.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword I.png|center|400px]]
| This stuck goes well when you do it quickly. However, if he escapes you upward too quickly with his arms, then allow your blade drive around your head, so that your long edge comes forward on his arms, athwart through with an under cut, how the figure here after shows, however do not let go with your left hand from the hilt, rather thrust him from you with crossed hands.
+
| <p>This stuck goes well when you do it quickly. However, if he escapes you upward too quickly with his arms, then allow your blade drive around your head, so that your long edge comes forward on his arms, athwart through with an under cut, how the figure here after shows, however do not let go with your left hand from the hilt, rather thrust him from you with crossed hands.</p>
| Diß stuck gehet wol an wann du es in einer geschwinde machest / wischet er dir aber mit den Armen zubehendt ubersich / so laß dein klingen umbfahren umb dein Kopff / das dein Lange schneid / vornen an sein Arm kome uberzwerch durch einen Underhauw / wie das kleiner Bild in der Figur I. zur lincken hand außweist / aber laß die lincke hand nit vom Hefft / sonder stoß jhn von dir mit geschrenkten Henden.
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/131|4|lbl=Ⅰ.55v.4}}
 
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|  
| '''To Plow and ox you are quick<br/>Threaten the cut at once against the target'''
+
| <p>To Plow and ox you are quick<br/>Threaten the cut at once against the target</p>
 
 
This verse is very clear, how the others also are, namely that you should quickly cut the Thwart to the Ox and Plow, to the lower and upper opening, to the left and right, nimbly crosswise, diagonally opposite to all four parts, how with other names, thus you will see the four openings, further reported hereafter, extensively.
 
| '''[LVIrv] Zum Pflug und Ochssen bist behendt /<br/>Ihm trauw den Hauw bald wider endt.'''
 
  
Der Reimen ist an im selber auch gar deutlich / wie auch die andern / Nemlich das du zu dem Ochssen und Pflug / das ist zur undern und obern Blöß / zu Linck und Recht / behendiglich kreutzweiß und ubereck Zwirchen solt / zu allen vier theilen / wie mit andern Häuwen / so in den vier Blössen hievor weitleuffiger gelehrt.
+
<p>This verse is very clear, how the others also are, namely that you should quickly cut the Thwart to the Ox and Plow, to the lower and upper opening, to the left and right, nimbly crosswise, diagonally opposite to all four parts, how with other names, thus you will see the four openings, further reported hereafter, extensively.</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/133|1|lbl=Ⅰ.56v.1}}
 
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| Next you will learn from the rhyme, how with the high cuts you shall deceive, thus you step forth, then position yourself with comportment and cut a powerful Thwart to his left, if he would go against your sword, whether from above or below, do not allow it to connect, but pull away again and Thwart cut to his right, against his head, you may also threaten him with the thwart to his lower left, then thwart from above.
+
| <p>Next you will learn from the rhyme, how with the high cuts you shall deceive, thus you step forth, then position yourself with comportment and cut a powerful Thwart to his left, if he would go against your sword, whether from above or below, do not allow it to connect, but pull away again and Thwart cut to his right, against his head, you may also threaten him with the thwart to his lower left, then thwart from above.</p>
 
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Line 2,438: Line 2,439:
 
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| '''Item''' Threaten to the lower right, and cut to the lower left with this Thwart, thus you can also note that then when you go at his left with the Thwart, then at once to the right threaten but strike back to the left, where you firstly intended, from this knowledge you can pull the Thwart to both sides, crosswise and diagonally opposite. Threaten, then strike after your advantage how it pleases you and in the rough Zufechten there is no cut as safe as the Thwart.
+
| <p>'''Item''' Threaten to the lower right, and cut to the lower left with this Thwart, thus you can also note that then when you go at his left with the Thwart, then at once to the right threaten but strike back to the left, where you firstly intended, from this knowledge you can pull the Thwart to both sides, crosswise and diagonally opposite. Threaten, then strike after your advantage how it pleases you and in the rough Zufechten there is no cut as safe as the Thwart.</p>
 
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Line 2,444: Line 2,445:
 
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| '''Note when the Thwart is executed with a spring,<br/>And you execute failing with it, it connects at your will'''
+
| <p>Note when the Thwart is executed with a spring,<br/>And you execute failing with it, it connects at your will</p>
  
Note in the Onset when you will deliver a Thwart to the upper left opening, then spring well out with it and also let your pommel go well upward, thus the Thwart goes deep at his head, especially when you disguise the gesture, you can also when he likewise does not perceive the spring until it has happened, and the Thwart has hit, but if he sees it and defends or parries you, then you shall cut to the lower and opposite corner.
+
<p>Note in the Onset when you will deliver a Thwart to the upper left opening, then spring well out with it and also let your pommel go well upward, thus the Thwart goes deep at his head, especially when you disguise the gesture, you can also when he likewise does not perceive the spring until it has happened, and the Thwart has hit, but if he sees it and defends or parries you, then you shall cut to the lower and opposite corner.</p>
| '''Merck was für Zwürch mit springen wirdt geführt /<br/>Auch fehlest mit / nach wüntschen rührt.'''
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/133|2|lbl=Ⅰ.56v.2}}
 
 
Merck im zufechten / wann du zur Lincken obern Blöß zwirchen wilt / so spring zu solcher wol auff/ und laß auch den knopff wol ubersich gehen / so gehet die Zwirch tieff zum Kopff / sonderlich wann du die geberdt also verstellen kanst / auch gleich unversehens mit der Zwirch daher gesprungen bist / das er des sprungs nicht gewahr nimpt biß er geschehen / und die Zwirch getroffen hat ersicht ers aber unnd wehret oder versetzet solches / so trit eilents mit dem Lincken fuß gegen seiner Rechten seiten / unnd Zwirche ihm von deiner Lincken / mit gesenktem Leib zu seiner Rechten undern blöß / die hast du (wo er die erste zwirch versetzt hat) gewiß.
 
 
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| '''Item''' When you thus strike with the Thwart high at your opponent with a spring, and however you do not let it hit, but rather fail and run off beside his left and you strike in rapidly with the Thwart at another opening, then you will hit at your will. For before he thinks to parry the Thwart, you have hit elsewhere.
+
| <p>'''Item''' When you thus strike with the Thwart high at your opponent with a spring, and however you do not let it hit, but rather fail and run off beside his left and you strike in rapidly with the Thwart at another opening, then you will hit at your will. For before he thinks to parry the Thwart, you have hit elsewhere.</p>
| Item wann du also dem Mann in einem sprung hoch und tieff zuschlechst / mit der zwirch oder sonst einer flech / und last es aber nicht treffen / sonder neben seiner Lincken fehl lauffen / schlechst also in eil mit der Zwirch einer andern Blöß / so triffestu nach wunsch / dann ehe er sich besinnet die Zwirch zuversetzen / so hastu anderst wo getroffen / wo du anders solches mit gantzen Leib führest / das ist die geberdt zu solchem stuck recht brauchest.
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/133|3|lbl=Ⅰ.56v.3}}
 
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| [[File:MS A.4º.2 28r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| [[File:MS A.4º.2 28r.jpg|400px|center]]
| '''Double shall your Failer be done<br/>Likewise double the step and slice'''
+
| <p>Double shall your Failer be done<br/>Likewise double the step and slice</p>
  
The Failer is a good technique against the fencers who will gladly displace like in the previous Stück concerning the Thwart, then when you cut to an opening and note that he wishes to parry after, then allow your cut to fail and go by, and cut diagonal to another opening, Double failing is an artful technique and requires an experienced fighter as well, however I will present and describe here to you several double and single techniques from which you can learn many kinds of Failers.
+
<p>The Failer is a good technique against the fencers who will gladly displace like in the previous Stück concerning the Thwart, then when you cut to an opening and note that he wishes to parry after, then allow your cut to fail and go by, and cut diagonal to another opening, Double failing is an artful technique and requires an experienced fighter as well, however I will present and describe here to you several double and single techniques from which you can learn many kinds of Failers.</p>
| '''Doppel solt du den Fehler machen /<br/>Deß gleichen Trit und Schnit zwifachen.'''
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+
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/133|4|lbl=Ⅰ.56v.4|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/134|1|lbl=Ⅰ.57r.1|p=1}}
Der Fehler ist ein gut stuck gegen den Fechtern die gern versetzen / wie auch die vorige stuck auß der Zwirch / als wann du einer Blöß zuhauwest / und merckest das er dem Hauwe nach / versetzen / so laß du den Hauw fehl fürüber '''[LVIIr]''' lauffen / und schlechst einer andern Blöß zu / Doppel fehlen ist ein kunstreich stuck / unnd gehöret ein geübter Fechter darzu / aber ich will dir etliche stuck doppel unnd einfach hieher setzen und beschreiben / darauß du allerley fehler wol lernen kanst.
 
 
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| '''Item''' In the Zufechten send yourself into the Wrath guard to the right, as soon as he brings his sword in the air, then cut from your right with the long edge to his right side, by going over your head and with outstretched arms, but fail and drive the Thwart to his left, do not allow that to connect but rather go around the head again and cut with the long edge so that you swing in with the Flat to his right ear, now reverse, snap around and allow it to fly.
+
| <p>'''Item''' In the Zufechten send yourself into the Wrath guard to the right, as soon as he brings his sword in the air, then cut from your right with the long edge to his right side, by going over your head and with outstretched arms, but fail and drive the Thwart to his left, do not allow that to connect but rather go around the head again and cut with the long edge so that you swing in with the Flat to his right ear, now reverse, snap around and allow it to fly.</p>
| Im zufechten schick dich in die Zornhut zur Rechten / als bald er sein Schwerdt in die lufft bringt / so hauwe von deiner Rechten umb dein Kopff / mit Langer schneid und außgestreckten Armen / zu seiner Rechten seiten fehl durch / also das die Zwirch gewaltig in der lufft wider umbfleugt gegen seinem Lincken ohr / laß aber nit rühren / sonder zuck wider umb den Kopff / und hauwe mit Langer schneide das sich die flech dapffer einschwing zu seinem Rechten ohr / jetz verkehr / schnap umb laß verfliegen / und was dir für arbeit werden mag.
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/134|2|lbl=Ⅰ.57r.2}}
 
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| '''Item''' In the Zufechten cut a long High cut to his upper left opening when you in the Zufechten, cut a long High Cut at his upper left opening, when you have almost connected with his blade above in the air with the cut, then change this High Cut into a Thwart, and strike him with the Thwart from below at his left ear or arm, that goes to both sides.
+
| <p>'''Item''' In the Zufechten cut a long High cut to his upper left opening when you in the Zufechten, cut a long High Cut at his upper left opening, when you have almost connected with his blade above in the air with the cut, then change this High Cut into a Thwart, and strike him with the Thwart from below at his left ear or arm, that goes to both sides.</p>
| Item im zufechten hauw ein langen Oberhauw / zu seiner Lincken obern Blöß / wann du mit dem Hauw oben in der Lufft schier an sein klingen rührest / so verwandle den Oberhauw in ein Zwirch / und schlag ihn mit der zwirch von Unden zu dem Lincken ohr / oder Armen / Dises seind die rechten Fechtstuck / darauß vil feiner stuck gefochten werden.
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/134|3|lbl=Ⅰ.57r.3}}
 
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword K.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword K.png|center|400px]]
| '''A Failer with the False step'''
+
| <p>'''A Failer with the False step'''</p>
  
In the Zufechten deliver a lofty High Cut and when your blade almost connects with his blade, at once change the High Cut into a Thwart and at the same time as the Thwart step through to the side with your right foot, between you and him to his right side, at once allow your sword to snap around again and strike him with the short edge to his right ear so that your hands are crosswise, or cut after with the long edge and spring well out to his right side with this strike.
+
<p>In the Zufechten deliver a lofty High Cut and when your blade almost connects with his blade, at once change the High Cut into a Thwart and at the same time as the Thwart step through to the side with your right foot, between you and him to his right side, at once allow your sword to snap around again and strike him with the short edge to his right ear so that your hands are crosswise, or cut after with the long edge and spring well out to his right side with this strike.</p>
| '''Ein Fehler mit dem falschen Trit.'''
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/134|4|lbl=Ⅰ.57r.4}}
 
 
IM zufechten hauwe einen hohen Oberhauw / und wann dein kling schier an sein Klinge ruhret /als bald verwandle den Oberhauw in ein Zwirch / und gleich mit der Zwirch trit mit deinem Rechten fuß zwischen dir und jhm beiseits durch / auff sein Rechte seiten / und hauw jhn under des durch solche Zwirch den ort zwischen seinen Armen zum Maul / wie du solches an den kleinern obern Bilder in hie nach getruckter Figur sehen kanst / als bald laß wider umb schnappen / und schlag ihn mit kurtzer schneide und gekreutzigten Henden wider umb zu seinem Rechten ohr / oder hauwe mit Langer schneide nach / doch spring mit solchem streich wol auff sein Rechte / beiseits auß.
 
  
 
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Line 2,493: Line 2,489:
 
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| '''Twice or Double failing'''
+
| <p>'''Twice or Double failing'''</p>
  
'''Item''' In the Zufechten, before you correctly come to him, thus cut through besides your right, so that your weapon shoots over in plunging, step on your way, with the right foot to him, let your sword drive around the head and pull a high strike from the Roof while in the air, but cross your hands, threaten to cut with the short edge, if he whisks this from him and will set on, thus wind you hand around again and convert your Crooked edge into a thwart, let the thwart also not proceed, but rather fail and run past, then strike the other, to his right side, that is double failing, these two failers will be accomplished in the air when you wind around his blade, yet you can terminate this therein when you will, to the displacing or in a winding, thus when he would reach to you, that you with your device would not like to come to him, but when you have deceived him, that he feels he must displace you, thus is the double failer very good and goes very quickly.
+
<p>'''Item''' In the Zufechten, before you correctly come to him, thus cut through besides your right, so that your weapon shoots over in plunging, step on your way, with the right foot to him, let your sword drive around the head and pull a high strike from the Roof while in the air, but cross your hands, threaten to cut with the short edge, if he whisks this from him and will set on, thus wind you hand around again and convert your Crooked edge into a thwart, let the thwart also not proceed, but rather fail and run past, then strike the other, to his right side, that is double failing, these two failers will be accomplished in the air when you wind around his blade, yet you can terminate this therein when you will, to the displacing or in a winding, thus when he would reach to you, that you with your device would not like to come to him, but when you have deceived him, that he feels he must displace you, thus is the double failer very good and goes very quickly.</p>
 +
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/134|5|lbl=Ⅰ.57r.5|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/136|1|lbl=Ⅰ.58r.1|p=1}}
 +
|
  
'''Item''' This is also called the double failer when you let it double or twice run off, to deceive him.
+
|-
| '''Zwifach oder doppel fehlen.'''
+
|
 
+
| <p>'''Item''' This is also called the double failer when you let it double or twice run off, to deceive him.</p>
ITem im zufechten ehe du recht zu ihm kompst / so hauwe neben deiner Rechten durch / das dein Wehr überschiesse im sturtz / trit fürbaß mit dem rechten Fuß zu jhm / laß dein Schwerdt umb den Kopff fahren / und zuck ein '''[LVIIIr]''' hohen streich von dach in der lufft / aber verschrenck deine Hend / trauwe jhm mit der kurtzen schneiden zu schlagen / wischt er jhm nach und wil versetzen / so wend dein Hend wider umb / und verwandle dein Krumpschneide in ein Zwirch / laß die Zwirch auch nicht rühren / sonder füruber lauffen fehl / und schlag zur andern seiner Rechten seiten / das ist doppel gefehlt / dise zwen fehler werden gleich in der lufft sam du windest umb sein klingen in einem flug volbracht / doch kanstu abbrechen darinnen wann du wilt zur versatzung oder in ein verwenden / so er dich erreichen würde / das du mit deinem stuck nit zu ihm kommen möchst / wann du jhn aber darzu getrungen hast / das er dir versetzen muß / so ist der doppel fehler sehr gut / und gehet gar geschwindt zu. Item das heist auch doppelfehl wann einer doppel oder zweymal ablauffen lest / den Mann zuverführen.
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/136|2|lbl=Ⅰ.58r.2}}
 
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| '''Another from the double Failer'''
+
| <p>'''Another from the double Failer'''</p>
  
In the Zufechten bring a high strike from your right and in the air, before it connects, thus wind the short edge against him, as if you would cut the Squinter cut, but don’t let the short edge connect either, but rather quickly fail and run off, and swing in to him with your weak, to his right ear with crossed arms, let it quickly fly around again, and fall on him with the slice to the next opening, or on his sword, from there to the body and on the arm.
+
<p>In the Zufechten bring a high strike from your right and in the air, before it connects, thus wind the short edge against him, as if you would cut the Squinter cut, but don’t let the short edge connect either, but rather quickly fail and run off, and swing in to him with your weak, to his right ear with crossed arms, let it quickly fly around again, and fall on him with the slice to the next opening, or on his sword, from there to the body and on the arm.</p>
| '''Ein anders auß dem doppel fehler.'''
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/136|3|lbl=Ⅰ.58r.3}}
 
 
IM zufechten bring ein hohen streich von deiner Rechten und in der lufft / noch ehe dann es rühret / so verwende die kurtz schneide gegen jhm / sam du den Schielhauw wöllest hauwen / laß aber die kurtz schneide auch nicht rühren / sonder laß jhn einer behendt auch fehl lauffen / und schwinge jhm dein schwech zu seinem Rechten ohr / mit gekreutzigten Armen / laß behendt widerumb abfliegen / und fall jhme mit dem Schnit zur nechsten Blöß / oder an sein Schwerdt / von dannen zum leib und auff die Arm.
 
 
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword L.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword L.png|center|400px]]
| '''Counter to the Thwart'''
+
| <p>'''Counter to the Thwart'''
 
 
Mark when you have bound with one from above, or, at the same time, cut in with him, thus see if he would with the Thwart strike around, [and] thus come before with the Thwart under his blade, on his neck.
 
| '''Bruch auff die Zwirch.'''
 
  
MErck wann du mit einem von Oben bindest / oder gleich mit jhm einhauwest / so sihe ob er mit der Zwirch wöll umbschlagen / in dem er umbschlegt / so kome vor mit der zwirch under seiner klingen an sein halß / wie das grösser Bild in der Figur L. zur Lincken hand anzeiget.
+
<p>Mark when you have bound with one from above, or, at the same time, cut in with him, thus see if he would with the Thwart strike around, [and] thus come before with the Thwart under his blade, on his neck.</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/136|4|lbl=Ⅰ.58r.4}}
 
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword N.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword N.png|center|400px]]
| Item, if he thwarts from under, so that you can't come from below thus catch his Thwart on your shield with diverting, so that your blade hangs over his.
+
| <p>Item, if he thwarts from under, so that you can't come from below thus catch his Thwart on your shield with diverting, so that your blade hangs over his.</p>
| Item zwircht er von Unden / das du darunder nicht kommen kanst / so fange sein Zwirch mit fürschieben / an dein Schilt / und stoß dein knopff oberhalb deinem rechten Arm wol von dir / unnd wendt jhm die Lange schneid aussen uber seiner kling von Unden auff zum Kopff / wie das grösser Bild in der Figur N. zur rechten hand außweiset.
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/136|5|lbl=Ⅰ.58r.5}}
 
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| [[File:MS A.4º.2 29v.jpg|400px|center]]
+
| rowspan="2" | [[File:MS A.4º.2 29v.jpg|400px|center]]
| '''From Stepping'''
+
| <p>'''From Stepping'''
  
In stepping is much concerned. Therefore, see that you give stepping to him with every one of the cuts, then when you cut to his openings and you don't step with the foot from which side you have cut, thus is the cut useless, but when you don't dare to give all to the cut, thus may you also not step fully, rather only with the gestures stand, when you do step, such you will better learn still, with practice.
+
<p>In stepping is much concerned. Therefore, see that you give stepping to him with every one of the cuts, then when you cut to his openings and you don't step with the foot from which side you have cut, thus is the cut useless, but when you don't dare to give all to the cut, thus may you also not step fully, rather only with the gestures stand, when you do step, such you will better learn still, with practice.</p>
  
Twice stepping is done like this, when you are stepping with your right to his left, this necessitates then that you still farther step around, thus step quickly with the left foot towards the right, behind your right foot beyond or past, before you have even set your left, you can step forth with the right, then Slice double, mark this following device:
+
<p>Twice stepping is done like this, when you are stepping with your right to his left, this necessitates then that you still farther step around, thus step quickly with the left foot towards the right, behind your right foot beyond or past, before you have even set your left, you can step forth with the right, then Slice double, mark this following device:</p>
  
If one cuts at you from his right, thus cut also from your right simultaneously, with the short edge and crossed hands, so that in this, the sword proceeds, thus step in with a double step with the right foot, quickly around to his left, and fall with your long edge on his arm, now set above, and if he drives upwards, and will not trouble you with the slice, thus follow after with an under slice on his arm, shove him from you how the figure nearby demonstrates, that is a proper and Old Cut and cuts down a Master with it.
+
<p>If one cuts at you from his right, thus cut also from your right simultaneously, with the short edge and crossed hands, so that in this, the sword proceeds, thus step in with a double step with the right foot, quickly around to his left, and fall with your long edge on his arm, now set above, and if he drives upwards, and will not trouble you with the slice, thus follow after with an under slice on his arm, shove him from you how the figure nearby demonstrates, that is a proper and Old Cut and cuts down a Master with it.</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/138|1|lbl=Ⅰ.59r.1}}
 +
|
  
'''Item''' when you have Sliced one on the Arm, you may also part him through the Mouth with the slice.
+
|-
| '''[LIXr] Von Tritten.'''
+
| <p>'''Item''' when you have Sliced one on the Arm, you may also part him through the Mouth with the slice.
 
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/138|2|lbl=Ⅰ.59r.2}}
AM treten ist vil gelegen / darumb schauw das du einem jeden streich sein trit gebest / dann wañ du jhme zur blöß hauwest / und tritst nicht mit dem fuß / von welcher seiten du gehauwen hast / so ist der Hauw kein nutz / wan du aber den Hauw nicht gantz sonder nur trauwest zuhauwen / so darffestu auch nicht gantz treten / sondern mit geberden nur stellen / sam du trettest / doch wirt dich solches die übung besser lehren / Zwifach trit mach also / wan du mit deinen Rechten zu seiner Lincken treten bist / erfordert dann dein stuck das du noch ferner herumb treten must / so trit mit dem Lincken fuß dem Rechten nach / hinder dein Rechten hinauß oder füruber / ehe du dan den Lincken noch kaum setzest / kanst du mit dem Rechten fürt treten / den Schnit zwifachen / merck diß nachvolgendt stuck / Hauwet einer auff dich von seiner Rechten / so Hauwe auch von deiner Rechten gegen seinem streich / doch mit kurtzer schneide und gekreutzigten Henden / in dem die Schwerdter rühren / so trit in einem zwifachen trit mit dem rechten fuß behendiglich ferner umb sein Lincke zu ihm / und fall mit Langer schneid vom Schwerdt ab / auff sein Arm / jetz schrenck uber / fehrt er ubersich unnd wil den Schnit nit leiden / so folge ihm nach mit dem Underschnit in seine Arm / stoß ihn also mit deinem kreutz und schilt von dir ehe er sich erholt / Hauw nach. Das ist der recht alt Schnit / und gehört ein Meister darzu / Item wann du einem auff die Arm geschnitten hast von Oben / so magst ihm die schneide durchs Maul ziehen.
 
 
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| '''From the sword to the body, reverse with it,<br/>Twice, or slice on the weapon.'''
+
| <p>From the sword to the body, reverse with it,<br/>Twice, or slice on the weapon.</p>
 
 
This is the correct gloss for the previous verses, which tells you to wind twice or slice on the weapon.
 
  
Understand it thus: When you slice from the sword on to his arms, you shall at once reverse. If he then escapes you upward, then you shall pull or wind your pommel back out from under your arm; thus you reverse your sword back around. Slicing on the weapon is when the double reversing has failed you; then you shall chase after twice, and remain with the slice on his arms. If he defends this, then fall on his blade with the slice, and see that you hold him, do not let him come away without your advantage, but rather chase after always.
+
<p>This is the correct gloss for the previous verses, which tells you to wind twice or slice on the weapon.</p>
| '''Vom Schwerdt zum Leib / damit verkehr/<br/>Zweimal / oder Schneid in die Wehr.'''
 
  
Das ist die recht Glosse uber den vorigen Reimen / das aber sagt wind zweimal oder schneid in die Wehr / verstandt also / wann du vom Schwerdt auff sein Arm schneidest / soltu als bald verkehren / entwischt er dir dann ubersich / so soltu dein knopff / under deinem Arm wider herfür winden / so kehrt sich dein Schwerdt widerumb / In die Wehr Schneiden ist / wann dir das zweymal verkehren gefehlt / solt du zwifach nachreisen / mit dem Schnit auff den Armen bleiben / wehrt er das / so fall seiner kling zu mit dem Schnit / und schauw das du jhn ohn deei vortheil nit abkommen lassest / sondern reiss alwegen nach.
+
<p>Understand it thus: When you slice from the sword on to his arms, you shall at once reverse. If he then escapes you upward, then you shall pull or wind your pommel back out from under your arm; thus you reverse your sword back around. Slicing on the weapon is when the double reversing has failed you; then you shall chase after twice, and remain with the slice on his arms. If he defends this, then fall on his blade with the slice, and see that you hold him, do not let him come away without your advantage, but rather chase after always.</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/138|3|lbl=Ⅰ.59r.3}}
 
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| '''Chasing is extremely good,<br/>With slicing and winding protect yourself'''
+
| <p>Chasing is extremely good,<br/>With slicing and winding protect yourself</p>
  
Chasing is multiple and varied, and should be done with great cautiousness against fencers who fight with long and free cuts, and have no proper art.
+
<p>Chasing is multiple and varied, and should be done with great cautiousness against fencers who fight with long and free cuts, and have no proper art.</p>
  
Do it thus: In the Zufechten, when you approach him with your left foot forward and you hold your sword in the Roof guard, if he cuts long from above at your head, then do not displace him, but rather see that you escape from him with your head and sword, so that he does not connect, but let him fail, in this he falls with his sword and cut to the ground, below you, then step quickly with the right foot close to him and cut in forcefully from above to his head before he recovers or comes up again, if he however drives up quickly and displaces, then remain hard on his sword and feel if he goes through strongly upwards, thus allow your sword quickly to be soft and go upwards, step and cut around with a thwart to his right.
+
<p>Do it thus: In the Zufechten, when you approach him with your left foot forward and you hold your sword in the Roof guard, if he cuts long from above at your head, then do not displace him, but rather see that you escape from him with your head and sword, so that he does not connect, but let him fail, in this he falls with his sword and cut to the ground, below you, then step quickly with the right foot close to him and cut in forcefully from above to his head before he recovers or comes up again, if he however drives up quickly and displaces, then remain hard on his sword and feel if he goes through strongly upwards, thus allow your sword quickly to be soft and go upwards, step and cut around with a thwart to his right.</p>
| '''[LIXv] Nachreisen ist außbindig gut /<br/>Mit Schneiden / Winden dich behut.'''
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/139|1|lbl=Ⅰ.59v.1}}
 
 
Nachreisen ist vil und mancherley / und gehöret zu treiben mit grosser fürsichtigkeit / gegen den Fechtern die da ohn alle kunst mit langen Häuwen umb sich Fechten / die treib also / wann du im zufechten zu jhm kompst / mit dem Lincken fuß vor / und dein Schwerdt im Tag heltest / Hauwet er auff dich von Oben lang zu deinem Kopff / so versetze jhm nicht / sondern schauw wie du jhm entfallest mit dem Kopff unnd Schwerdt / under seiner klingen dieweil die noch in der lufft herfleuget / durch / gegen der andern seiten / das er der keins rühret / laß ihn also verfehlen / in dem er mit seinem Schwerdt und Hauw noch undersich fellet gegen der Erden / so Hauwe jm listiglich unnd behend in gemeltem durchtreten von Oben hinein zum Kopff und das ehe er sich erholet oder wider ubersich kompt / fehrt er aber so behend ubersich / also das er dir versetzet / so bleib hart auff seinem Schwerdt / und füle eben / ob er starck ferner ubersich tringt / so laß dein Scwerdt behend ubersich doch leiß außgehen / trit unnd schlag mit der Zwirch umb zu seiner Rechten.
 
 
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| [[File:MS A.4º.2 31v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| [[File:MS A.4º.2 31v.jpg|400px|center]]
| '''Item''' If one binds on to you from his right, thus pay attention when he strikes around, thus follow after him with the Slice on his arms to his right.
+
| <p>'''Item''' If one binds on to you from his right, thus pay attention when he strikes around, thus follow after him with the Slice on his arms to his right.</p>
  
'''Item''' If you stand in the guard of the Fool, and he falls on your sword with his own before you come up, then remain below on his sword, and heft upwards; feel meanwhile whether he in the displacing, intends to execute a cut or winding against you, if so, then do not let him come away from your sword, but pursue him, and work meanwhile to the nearest opening.
+
<p>'''Item''' If you stand in the guard of the Fool, and he falls on your sword with his own before you come up, then remain below on his sword, and heft upwards; feel meanwhile whether he in the displacing, intends to execute a cut or winding against you, if so, then do not let him come away from your sword, but pursue him, and work meanwhile to the nearest opening.</p>
  
Also note that chasing is when an opponent goes too high upward, and you chase him below either with cutting or slicing as he draws up for the stroke; likewise if he strays too wide to the side, and you chase his weapon to the opening from above.
+
<p>Also note that chasing is when an opponent goes too high upward, and you chase him below either with cutting or slicing as he draws up for the stroke; likewise if he strays too wide to the side, and you chase his weapon to the opening from above.</p>
  
And in all chasing, if he escapes you, be sure to turn your long edge against his weapon; and take good heed of the slice, for with it you can force him out of all his work.
+
<p>And in all chasing, if he escapes you, be sure to turn your long edge against his weapon; and take good heed of the slice, for with it you can force him out of all his work.</p>
| Item bindt einer auff dich von seiner Rechten / so hab acht wann er umbschlegt / so folge jhm mit dem Schnit nach auff sein Arm zu seiner Rechten / Oder stehest du in der Hut / und er fellet dir auff dein Schwerdt mit dem seinen ehe du auff kommest / so bleib also unden an seinem Schwerdt / und heb ubersich / füle in dessen ob er dir dann auß der verzatzung ein Hauwe oder Winden machen wölle so laß jhn von deinem Schwerdt nicht kommen / sonder volge jhme daran nach / unnd arbeite in des zur nechsten Blöß / auch merck das Nachreisen ist / wann einer zu hoch ubersich fehret / das du jhme unden in dem er auffzeucht zum streich Nachreisest / es sey mit Hauwen oder Schneiden / deßgleichen verfehrt er sich auch zu weit auff die seiten / so reiß jhme auch seiner Wehr nach zur Blöß von Oben / in allem Nachreisen aber so hab acht wo er dir entgienge / das du die Lange schneide gegen seinem Wehr wendest / unnd nimb des Schnits wol war / dann damit kanstu ihn zwingen auß aller seiner arbeit.
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/139|2|lbl=Ⅰ.59v.2}}
 
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| '''Some twice or more<br/>Let it fly, begin with it'''
+
| <p>Some twice or more<br/>Let it fly, begin with it'''
  
That is, you should pay attention, when you are laying on against him with the slice, that you shall not allow him free, but rather once or twice follow after with the slice and with this hinder him in his work and intentions, then when he least expects it, thus you should artfully fly away to the nearest opening before he realizes it. This is a true master’s Stück; and begin with it, that is:
+
<p>That is, you should pay attention, when you are laying on against him with the slice, that you shall not allow him free, but rather once or twice follow after with the slice and with this hinder him in his work and intentions, then when he least expects it, thus you should artfully fly away to the nearest opening before he realizes it. This is a true master’s Stück; and begin with it, that is:</p>
| '''Bey zweimalen oder darinnen /<br/>Verfliegen laß / damit begüne.'''
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/139|3|lbl=Ⅰ.59v.3}}
  
'''[LXr]''' Das ist du solt acht haben / wann du jhm mit dem Schnit auffgesessen bist / das du jhn nit gleich ledig solt lassen / sondern einmal oder zwey mit dem Schnit nachvolgen / unnd jhn damit an seiner arbeit und stuck verhindern / wann er sich dann am wenigsten versihet soltu listig jhme unmercklich ehe ers gleich gewahr wirt / mit dem Schwerdt entfliegen / einer andern der nechsten Blöß zu / ist ein recht Meisterstücklein / damit begine das ist.
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/140|1|lbl=Ⅰ.60r.1}}
 
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| '''Send the hits to all four targets,<br/>Learn the pullings, you will deceive them'''
+
| <p>Send the hits to all four targets,<br/>Learn the pullings, you will deceive them</p>
 
 
You must be well versed in the four openings, if you will fight certainly, then you fight with whatever Stücken and cuts, as good as they may be, if you do not know how to cut off with each one to every quarter, and to mutate the intended Stück, by transforming it into other convenient work, from what he fights against you and how he meets your Stücken, then it can happen that you will take forth with one device to a particular opening, and yet he sends himself against you such that you can have another closer opening, this opportunity will escape you, if you execute your intended Stücken without happening to notice other opportunities, therefore be diligent where you may at once fight by flying freely to the four openings. Because you have only three ways to cut and strike, that is with the long and short edge, and with the flat, from which together, all fencing is composed of, and targeting to the four divisions of the opponent; from which are given all other fortuitous techniques, like pulling, doubling, running off. Thus take note of the following divisions and cuts, that you correctly make your cuts opposite and crosswise to each other.
 
| '''Zu allen vier enden treib die treffen /<br/>Die zucken lern / wiltu sie effen.'''
 
  
Der vier Blössenen mustu wol bericht sein / wilt du anderst etwas gewisses Fechten / dann du fichtest für häw und stuck so gut sie wollen / wann du nicht in einem jeden quatier weist ab zubrechen / unnd die fürgenommene stuck zu mutieren / in andere füglichere arbeit verwandelen / jhe nach dem er gegen dir ficht/ unnd deinen stucken begegnet / dann es kan geschehen das du ein stuck dir fürnimbst / einer Blöß zu / und aber er sich so gegen dir schickt das du ein andere nehere Blöß haben kanst / welche gelegenheit dir entgienge / so du dein fürgenommen stuck also ohne auffmerckens anderer zufelliger gelegenheit zufechtest / darumb fleiß dich das du bald bedacht seyest / zu allen vier Blössen frey fliegent zufechten / Dieweil du der arten nur dreyerley hast zuhauwen und zuschlagen / als mit Langer und kurtzer schneide / unnd mit der flech / von welchen alles Fechten zusamen Componiret / nach den vier theilen das Manns gerichtet / auß welchen sich dann all andere zufellige stuck als Zucken / Doplieren / Ablauffen / geben / davon hievor gnugsam gehandlet.
+
<p>You must be well versed in the four openings, if you will fight certainly, then you fight with whatever Stücken and cuts, as good as they may be, if you do not know how to cut off with each one to every quarter, and to mutate the intended Stück, by transforming it into other convenient work, from what he fights against you and how he meets your Stücken, then it can happen that you will take forth with one device to a particular opening, and yet he sends himself against you such that you can have another closer opening, this opportunity will escape you, if you execute your intended Stücken without happening to notice other opportunities, therefore be diligent where you may at once fight by flying freely to the four openings. Because you have only three ways to cut and strike, that is with the long and short edge, and with the flat, from which together, all fencing is composed of, and targeting to the four divisions of the opponent; from which are given all other fortuitous techniques, like pulling, doubling, running off. Thus take note of the following divisions and cuts, that you correctly make your cuts opposite and crosswise to each other.</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/140|2|lbl=Ⅰ.60r.2}}
 
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| rowspan="2" | [[File:MS A.4º.2 31v.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| rowspan="2" | [[File:MS A.4º.2 31v.jpg|400px|center]]
| In the onset cut with your long edge to his left ear, as soon as this clashes or connects, pull around your head and cut the next also with the long edge, to his lower right opening, then third, to his lower left opening the fourth to his upper right opening, these 4 cuts should go quickly from one into another, And all strikes should be well to the body, also you should do these cuts with the short edge, to the four openings of the man
+
| <p>In the onset cut with your long edge to his left ear, as soon as this clashes or connects, pull around your head and cut the next also with the long edge, to his lower right opening, then third, to his lower left opening the fourth to his upper right opening, these 4 cuts should go quickly from one into another, And all strikes should be well to the body, also you should do these cuts with the short edge, to the four openings of the man.</p>
 
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| '''Item''', thus also with the Flat, note that you cut with close hand to his left and to the right, inside with your hand this is from under or above, you may change through or reverse on him, to your own opportunity, then you cut the first from under to his right, the second to the upper left, the third to his upper right and the fourth to his lower left, when you cut these four strikes together into one another, you can in the very beginning or onset, deftly change off and pull them how it pleases you.
+
| <p>'''Item''', thus also with the Flat, note that you cut with close hand to his left and to the right, inside with your hand this is from under or above, you may change through or reverse on him, to your own opportunity, then you cut the first from under to his right, the second to the upper left, the third to his upper right and the fourth to his lower left, when you cut these four strikes together into one another, you can in the very beginning or onset, deftly change off and pull them how it pleases you.</p>
 
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Line 2,614: Line 2,604:
 
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| Similarly when you come with the thwart strike against one another over-handed, it is with the long, short or flat. When you do these four cuts and have learned to strike also to the four openings, thus learn also pulling, threatening, failing and then know the same from these following writings; step and cut to his upper left opening, but do not let this hit, rather when you come merely on his sword with this strike, then pull off again to a flight, and strike him to his lower right opening and cut or strike still to him the first confidently to his upper openings to the left, thus you may pull and fail with them to all 4 openings Crosswise and athwart above, also your benefit is to learn the Circle cut, this is an Over and under cut together on one side, short and long and with the flat from such is known in the first assault, cut a long High cut to his left ear, and when this clashes thus pull both cuts upwards so that your Pommel comes through under your right, and cut with the long edge from under to his left. Step Indes with your left foot behind yours and come with the hilt high above your head. And still again then cut the first an undercut with the Long edge to his lower opening with a step to of your right foot, quickly pull upwards besides your right and cut the other from above to his left, with a back-step of your left foot behind your right, so that you stand covered behind your blade.
+
| <p>Similarly when you come with the thwart strike against one another over-handed, it is with the long, short or flat. When you do these four cuts and have learned to strike also to the four openings, thus learn also pulling, threatening, failing and then know the same from these following writings; step and cut to his upper left opening, but do not let this hit, rather when you come merely on his sword with this strike, then pull off again to a flight, and strike him to his lower right opening and cut or strike still to him the first confidently to his upper openings to the left, thus you may pull and fail with them to all 4 openings Crosswise and athwart above, also your benefit is to learn the Circle cut, this is an Over and under cut together on one side, short and long and with the flat from such is known in the first assault, cut a long High cut to his left ear, and when this clashes thus pull both cuts upwards so that your Pommel comes through under your right, and cut with the long edge from under to his left. Step Indes with your left foot behind yours and come with the hilt high above your head. And still again then cut the first an undercut with the Long edge to his lower opening with a step to of your right foot, quickly pull upwards besides your right and cut the other from above to his left, with a back-step of your left foot behind your right, so that you stand covered behind your blade.</p>
 
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Line 2,620: Line 2,610:
 
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| '''Stück'''
+
| <p>'''Stück'''
  
Item, Pull from your right a high strike to his left, but in the air, cross your hands and strike with the half edge to his left ear, Pull your hands again upwards, and strike with a Thwarter again from below to his left ear, thus also still again cut the Thwart from below to his left, with a step to Quickly pull upwards besides your right and thrust rapidly your pommel through under your right arm, and wind then with crossed hands again from your upper right in to his left, for this known strike, is also with the Flat from below and above together on one side, that goes for both sides and mark when you strike to the lower right opening, this is long or short, thus your cut comes crosswise and opposite but to the upper openings you come not crosswise, but like in the old Schielhau, thus step to him and shoot before through and strike with the half edge from you left to his right, not crossed, but over you right hand, pull nimbly again above you towards your left and cross your hands in the air, strike him with crossed hands to his lower openings from your left, in this, show that your head is well behind your blade, some twice or three times to his right thus you come also with the flat and long edge from under and above besides his right to his strikes, how it is taught, like when you connect above but quickly cut low.
+
<p>Item, Pull from your right a high strike to his left, but in the air, cross your hands and strike with the half edge to his left ear, Pull your hands again upwards, and strike with a Thwarter again from below to his left ear, thus also still again cut the Thwart from below to his left, with a step to Quickly pull upwards besides your right and thrust rapidly your pommel through under your right arm, and wind then with crossed hands again from your upper right in to his left, for this known strike, is also with the Flat from below and above together on one side, that goes for both sides and mark when you strike to the lower right opening, this is long or short, thus your cut comes crosswise and opposite but to the upper openings you come not crosswise, but like in the old Schielhau, thus step to him and shoot before through and strike with the half edge from you left to his right, not crossed, but over you right hand, pull nimbly again above you towards your left and cross your hands in the air, strike him with crossed hands to his lower openings from your left, in this, show that your head is well behind your blade, some twice or three times to his right thus you come also with the flat and long edge from under and above besides his right to his strikes, how it is taught, like when you connect above but quickly cut low.</p>
 
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Line 2,628: Line 2,618:
 
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| [[File:MS A.4º.2 36r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| [[File:MS A.4º.2 36r.jpg|400px|center]]
| '''Item''' threaten to him from above with a Quick strike, or cut in at him from above, and if he slips after, then pull up the cut and drive with your under cut to the same side, from this work arises the winding on the sword, namely when you have bound on his sword from your right to his left, then remain hard on his blade, thrust through with the pommel under your right arm through remain thus in advance on his sword and jerk your pommel again for the purpose of winding him again outside to his head, thus you find also three kinds, namely winding outwards and inwards short edge to both sides and you should know that I have not put them here for just any particular reason.
+
| <p>'''Item''' threaten to him from above with a Quick strike, or cut in at him from above, and if he slips after, then pull up the cut and drive with your under cut to the same side, from this work arises the winding on the sword, namely when you have bound on his sword from your right to his left, then remain hard on his blade, thrust through with the pommel under your right arm through remain thus in advance on his sword and jerk your pommel again for the purpose of winding him again outside to his head, thus you find also three kinds, namely winding outwards and inwards short edge to both sides and you should know that I have not put them here for just any particular reason.</p>
 
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Line 2,634: Line 2,624:
 
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| '''Also execute slicing off and slinging,<br/>Send away the hard dangers with the slice.'''
+
| <p>Also execute slicing off and slinging,<br/>Send away the hard dangers with the slice.</p>
  
When you thus allow your Stücken to run to all four openings, how you are taught here with this same, then also pay attention to his course, that is to his Stücken, so that you are strong on him and slice off against him according to opportunity; thus hinder and slice off his devices, until you see opportunity for other work. The danger is the strikes from both sides; will you displace by slicing them off, then see that you overlook no opportunity, and also do not slice too wide from his body, so that he does not go through against you.
+
<p>When you thus allow your Stücken to run to all four openings, how you are taught here with this same, then also pay attention to his course, that is to his Stücken, so that you are strong on him and slice off against him according to opportunity; thus hinder and slice off his devices, until you see opportunity for other work. The danger is the strikes from both sides; will you displace by slicing them off, then see that you overlook no opportunity, and also do not slice too wide from his body, so that he does not go through against you.</p>
| '''Abschneiden / Schlaudern bring auch mit /<br/>Die herten gefehrt weiß ab mit Schnit.'''
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+
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/140|1|lbl=Ⅰ.60r.1|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/141|1|lbl=Ⅰ.60v.1|p=1}}
Wann du nun also deine stuck zu all vier Blössenen lauffen last / wie hievor gelehret / so hab gleich auch mit achtung auff seinem lauff / das ist auff sein stuck / also das du jhme die nach gelegenheit steckest unnd abschneidest / darumb so hindere unnd schneide ihm sein stuck also lang ab / biß du dein gelegenheit ersihest zur andern arbeit / Die [LXv] zwey gefert seind die streich von beiden seiten / wann du sie abschneidest / so schauw das du kein gelegenheit versehest / und schneid auch nicht zu weit von seinem leib / das er dir nicht durchgang.
 
 
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| Of the Slinging take heed as soon as he makes one of his sides open, thus rush in from under with the flat to his ear, cut nimbly again low to the opening or let it shoot up above and drive under his blade.
+
| <p>Of the Slinging take heed as soon as he makes one of his sides open, thus rush in from under with the flat to his ear, cut nimbly again low to the opening or let it shoot up above and drive under his blade.</p>
| Des Schlauderns aber nim war / so bald er eine seiten bloß gibt / so rausch von Unden auff mit der flech an seine ohren / schneid behend wider nider zur Blöß / vom Schlaudern besihe ferner das erste theil im Capitel von der Handarbeit.
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/141|2|lbl=Ⅰ.60v.2}}
 
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| rowspan="2" | [[File:MS A.4º.2 38r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| rowspan="2" | [[File:MS A.4º.2 38r.jpg|400px|center]]
| '''Do not rely too much on the Crown,<br/>You will tend to get harm and shame from it'''
+
| <p>Do not rely too much on the Crown,<br/>You will tend to get harm and shame from it</p>
  
Note when you displace with the horizontal cross guard, high up over your head, that is called the Crown. When you see that an opponent will run under your High Cut with the Crown, then do not let your High Cut actually connect, but rather pull the cut from him, that he drives out in vain, and cut with the long edge a middle cut athwart to his arm or wrist, this same thing thus you mark that when one who will gladly drive out and displace high, thus conduct yourself with comportment like you would cut high, do not complete this, but rather strike nimbly around to the lower openings with the Thwart, using flat or long edge or behind his arms to the ears you have it known.
+
<p>Note when you displace with the horizontal cross guard, high up over your head, that is called the Crown. When you see that an opponent will run under your High Cut with the Crown, then do not let your High Cut actually connect, but rather pull the cut from him, that he drives out in vain, and cut with the long edge a middle cut athwart to his arm or wrist, this same thing thus you mark that when one who will gladly drive out and displace high, thus conduct yourself with comportment like you would cut high, do not complete this, but rather strike nimbly around to the lower openings with the Thwart, using flat or long edge or behind his arms to the ears you have it known.</p>
| '''Verlaß dich nicht zuvil auff d Kron /<br/>Du hast sonst von jhr schad und hon.'''
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/141|3|lbl=Ⅰ.60v.3}}
 
 
Merck wann du mit uberzwerchem kreutz hoch uber deinem Haupt versetztest / das heist die Kron / wann du merckest das dir einer dein Oberhauw underlauffen will mit der Kron / so laß deinen Oberhauw nit gar rühren / sonder verzuck in dem Hauw / auff das er vergebens aufffehrt / und Hauwe mit Langer schneide / ein uberzwerchen Mittelhauw / zu seinen Armen oder Spindel / so du ihn lehmen wilt / Der halben als offt du merckest das einer gern hoch aufffehret zuversetzen / so stelle dich mit geberden sam du hoch woltest hauwen / thus aber nicht / sondern schlag behendt umb zur undern Blöß / mit der Zwirch / flech oder langer schneide / Summa wer dir krönen will dem mach ein Fehler.
 
 
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| The Crown Strike is done thus; If one cuts at you from above, thus strike with the flat likewise and together with him to his left ear, so that your long edge connects in on his blade, and your corner on your short edge travels, thus strike your cross athwart, and hold your hand high above the head nearly like with the squinter cut and allow this nimbly to snap around again to the lower openings.  
+
| <p>The Crown Strike is done thus; If one cuts at you from above, thus strike with the flat likewise and together with him to his left ear, so that your long edge connects in on his blade, and your corner on your short edge travels, thus strike your cross athwart, and hold your hand high above the head nearly like with the squinter cut and allow this nimbly to snap around again to the lower openings.</p>
 
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Line 2,665: Line 2,652:
 
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| Item Have diligence when you attack that you will sling to the high-cut or Zwerch strike, where he lets you shoot, see that you don't sling it, but rather fall off again.
+
| <p>Item Have diligence when you attack that you will sling to the high-cut or Zwerch strike, where he lets you shoot, see that you don't sling it, but rather fall off again.</p>
 
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword B.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword B.png|center|400px]]
| '''Strike powerfully through with the Long point<br/>Therewith hold off all hard dangers'''
+
| <p>Strike powerfully through with the Long point<br/>Therewith hold off all hard dangers</p>
  
Stand with the left foot forwards and strike him from your right through his face, that the half edge goes forth once to four times nimbly one after another, thus you drive on to him, then attack to him from under and whether it is with Zwerch or Long edge, mark when you thus have slashed up to him, thus take heed when he strikes at you from above and from his right side, then wind him by slashing out your long edge against his blade so that it stays somewhat athwart, your point upwards and to his left. step at once with the left foot to his left and thrust the pommel instantly under your arm, cut in with the short edge with skidding behind his blade to his head step likewise with your right foot after and around his left and jerk the pommel again therefore, so that you stand with the sword in the Zwerch or in Hanging point.
+
<p>Stand with the left foot forwards and strike him from your right through his face, that the half edge goes forth once to four times nimbly one after another, thus you drive on to him, then attack to him from under and whether it is with Zwerch or Long edge, mark when you thus have slashed up to him, thus take heed when he strikes at you from above and from his right side, then wind him by slashing out your long edge against his blade so that it stays somewhat athwart, your point upwards and to his left. step at once with the left foot to his left and thrust the pommel instantly under your arm, cut in with the short edge with skidding behind his blade to his head step likewise with your right foot after and around his left and jerk the pommel again therefore, so that you stand with the sword in the Zwerch or in Hanging point.</p>
| '''Den Langen ort durch streich mit gewalt /<br/>Damit all harte gefehrt auffhalt.'''
+
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+
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/141|4|lbl=Ⅰ.60v.4|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/142|1|lbl=Ⅰ.61r.1|p=1}}
Standt mit dem Lincken fuß vor / unnd streich von deiner Rechten dem Mann durch sein gesicht / das die halb schneide vorgehet / ein mal oder vier behendt auff einander / so bald du jhn aufftreibest / so greiff jhn unden zu an / es sey mit Zwirch oder Langer schneid / und merck wann du also gegen jhm auffstreichest / so nim war / wan er von deiner Rechten auff dich Hauwet von Oben / so wend im auffstreichen dein Lange schneide gegen seiner klingen / und fang seinen Hauw in der lufft / in die sterck deines Schwerds / das dein kling etwas uberzwerch stande / dein ort gegen seiner Lincken ubersich auß / trit bald mit dem Lincken fuß zu seiner Lincken / und stoß dein knopff in des '''[LXIr]''' under dein Rechten arm durch / schlag jhn mit der kurtzen schneide mit abrützten hinder seiner klingen zum Kopff / wie dich der boß zur Lincken hand in der Figur mit dem B. verzeichnet lehrt / trit gleich mit deinem Rechten fuß wol; gegen seiner Lincken / rucke den knopff behend wider herfür / das du mit deinem Schwerdt in der Zwirch standest / oder im hengeten ort.
 
 
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| '''Item''' When one cuts a High cut to you from his right, thus capture him in the air with an opposing cut, striking out, from your right, with the long edge in that when it connects, thus strike around with the Zwerch to his left Ear, this goes also to both sides. Mark when you thus have laid on in the long-point, then you have the setting off to the 4 windings, which goes to all sides, namely if he cuts from above, thus strike from under on his sword, and if he remains bound hard search instantly with winding flicking, Mark also instantly and feel when he will go away thus at once when he goes away around to strike, thus flick at him from above over his arm with wound blade, that the long edge smartly stays against his blade, cut nimbly around with the flat against the upper quadrants to the next opening, if its seen that as soon as you again are on his blade, he cuts at you from above, thus bar him from above it is with setting off or setting on, thus as often as it clashes so you are nimbly attentive to the next opening.
+
| <p>'''Item''' When one cuts a High cut to you from his right, thus capture him in the air with an opposing cut, striking out, from your right, with the long edge in that when it connects, thus strike around with the Zwerch to his left Ear, this goes also to both sides. Mark when you thus have laid on in the long-point, then you have the setting off to the 4 windings, which goes to all sides, namely if he cuts from above, thus strike from under on his sword, and if he remains bound hard search instantly with winding flicking, Mark also instantly and feel when he will go away thus at once when he goes away around to strike, thus flick at him from above over his arm with wound blade, that the long edge smartly stays against his blade, cut nimbly around with the flat against the upper quadrants to the next opening, if its seen that as soon as you again are on his blade, he cuts at you from above, thus bar him from above it is with setting off or setting on, thus as often as it clashes so you are nimbly attentive to the next opening.</p>
 
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Line 2,687: Line 2,673:
 
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| '''Another Stuck'''
+
| <p>'''Another Stuck'''</p>
  
Strike the opponent powerfully through his face, upwards step through the strike after to your opponent with your right foot and leave your sword slide around and set him the first in his chest, Zwerch his arms defend yourself with the strong over your hands, and mark in this, then as soon as he makes his sword too wide in the Long-point, thus lay on with the point outside and over his arm.
+
<p>Strike the opponent powerfully through his face, upwards step through the strike after to your opponent with your right foot and leave your sword slide around and set him the first in his chest, Zwerch his arms defend yourself with the strong over your hands, and mark in this, then as soon as he makes his sword too wide in the Long-point, thus lay on with the point outside and over his arm.</p>
 
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Line 2,695: Line 2,681:
 
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword O.jpg|center|400px]]
 
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword O.jpg|center|400px]]
| '''Item''' Strike out before him and allow your sword to fly above besides your left, step and cut from your right from under at his arm, if he displaces this, thus wind and go through with the Grip and cast with your pommel outwards over his right arm, let go with your left hand from your grip, and grab therewith your blade to help the right, cut him with the long edge on his head.
+
| <p>'''Item''' Strike out before him and allow your sword to fly above besides your left, step and cut from your right from under at his arm, if he displaces this, thus wind and go through with the Grip and cast with your pommel outwards over his right arm, let go with your left hand from your grip, and grab therewith your blade to help the right, cut him with the long edge on his head.</p>
| Item streich vor jhm auff / und laß dein Schwerdt oben umbfliegen neben deiner Lincken / trit und Hauw von deiner Rechten / von unden gewaltig zu seinem Arm / versetzt er / so wind unden durch mit deinem hefft / und greiff mit deinem Knopff aussen uber seinen Rechten arm / laß dein lincke hand von dem Hefft / begreiff damit dein kling zu hilff der Rechten / schlag jhn mit Langer schneid auff sein Kopff / wie dich solches die bossen in der figur O. zur Rechten hand anzeigen.
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/142|2|lbl=Ⅰ.61r.2}}
 
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| '''The Blind-cut you should let rebound<br/>Cast around the Thwart, have diligence to the flicking'''
+
| <p>The Blind-cut you should let rebound<br/>Cast around the Thwart, have diligence to the flicking</p>
 
 
Slash him with the Long-point in his face, step and pull your sword around your head and strike with the inside flat from your right to his left through the middle line, take your head well out and wind around nimbly again on his Sword with the outside flat also to his left ear.
 
| '''Den Blendthau soltu lassen bröllen /<br/>Umbwirff die Zwirch / fleiß dich des schnellen.'''
 
  
Streich den Langen ort in sein gesicht / trit und zucke dein Schwerdt umb den Kopff / und schlag mit inwendiger flech von deiner Rechten / zu seinem Lincken ohr / durch die mittel Lini / nim den Kopff wol mit / und windt behendt an seinem Schwerdt wider umb die außwendige flech / auch zu seinem Lincken.
+
<p>Slash him with the Long-point in his face, step and pull your sword around your head and strike with the inside flat from your right to his left through the middle line, take your head well out and wind around nimbly again on his Sword with the outside flat also to his left ear.</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/142|3|lbl=Ⅰ.61r.3}}
 
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| [[File:MS A.4º.2 40r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| [[File:MS A.4º.2 40r.jpg|400px|center]]
| '''Over-gripping'''
+
| <p>'''Over-gripping'''</p>
Mark thusly when one binds on you from the right thus he presses weakly from you with the slice, with the sword, thus grab with your hand on your shield and cast with your blade over his both hands downwards and to your right, press the pommel from you.
+
 
 +
<p>Mark thusly when one binds on you from the right thus he presses weakly from you with the slice, with the sword, thus grab with your hand on your shield and cast with your blade over his both hands downwards and to your right, press the pommel from you.</p>
 
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Line 2,718: Line 2,703:
 
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| '''A Sword Taking'''
+
| <p>'''A Sword Taking'''</p>
Mark when one strongly binds to you on the blade, so remove your left hand from the pommel and grab there with both Blades in the middle, and drive with the haft or pommel over besides his both arms, Pull to you, thus must he lose his sword.
+
 
 +
<p>Mark when one strongly binds to you on the blade, so remove your left hand from the pommel and grab there with both Blades in the middle, and drive with the haft or pommel over besides his both arms, Pull to you, thus must he lose his sword.</p>
 
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Line 2,726: Line 2,712:
 
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| '''Die hengen soltu weißlich bringen /<br/>Greiff nicht zu unzeit wiltu Ringen.'''
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/142|4|lbl=Ⅰ.61r.4}}
 
 
Das ist so jhr beid einander eingelauffen seind / solt du dich des angreiffens gewiß machen / wann du anders ringen wilt / dann mit einem griff (so du fehlst) kanst du dich in gefahr geben / von welcher du dich ohn schaden kaum retten kanst.
 
 
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Line 2,734: Line 2,718:
 
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| '''Von disem Greiffen und Ringen / merck dise folgende exempel / under welchen das erste auß dem Oberhauw genomen.'''
+
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IM zufechten / führe dein Schwerdt mit außgestreckter klingen vor her / das der vorder ort gegen seinem gesicht auß standt / als bald du jhn also erlangen kanst / so laß dein klingen von seinem gesicht gegen deiner Lin'''[LXIv]'''cken undersich sincken / zuck hiemit dein Schwerdt mit hangender klingen umb deinen Kopff / und Hauwe in einem zusprung / ein hohen und gewaltigen streich gegen seinem Lincken ohr / so bald der hauw getroffen / als bald zucke dein Klingen gerad ubersich ab / und bleib also mit den henden hoch uber deinem Kopff / die Klingen aber lasse hiemit neben deiner Lincken seiten undersich sincken / zu einem Underhauw gegen seinem Rechten Arm / underdeß sencke dich mit dem obern Leib eylents undersich / und lasse dieweil deine Lincke Hand vorm hefft ab / und ergreiffe mit derselbigen dein Schwerdts klingen in der mitte / fahr ihm also von unden auff / behendiglich (dieweil er mit seinem Armen dem ersten streich zuversetzen hoch ist) an seine beide Arm / wann du jhm nun also seine Arm zwischen dein beide hend / mit der langen schneide deines Schwerdts auffgefangen hast / so winde mit gewaldt mit dem vordern ort aussen uber seine beyde Arm / ist er zu starck / und dringer ubersich / so bleibe gleichwol mit deiner klingen hart an seinen Armen / und wind mit dem Knopff unden durch / greiffe mit demselbigen außwendig uber seinen Lincken Arm / und reiß mit gewalt undersich auß / in dem du also mit deinem Knopff undersich zu dir außreissest / so setze jhm dein vordern ort mit der Lincken hand uber seinen lincken Arm / innerhalb seinem rechten in sein gesicht / will er aber mit seinem Schwerdt weitter arbeiten / so ergreiffe jhm sein Rechte auch mit dem vordern theil deiner Klingen / und reisse undersich / und schlag jhn mit deinem Knopff in sein angesicht.
+
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/142|5|lbl=Ⅰ.61r.5|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/143|1|lbl=Ⅰ.61v.1|p=1}}
 
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Line 2,741: Line 2,725:
 
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| '''Bruch.'''
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/143|2|lbl=Ⅰ.61v.2}}
WAnn du gewahr wirst / das dir einer mit seiner klingen aussen uber deine beide Arm winden will / so lasse dein Lincke hand von dem Knopff / und ergreiffe damit dein Schwerdts klingen in der mitte / fahre dieselbige weil mit deinem Knopff zwischen seine beide Arm / unnd greiffe mit demselbigen / von inwendig uber seinen Rechten Arm / reiß also mit dem Knopff zu dir / und mit der klingen truck von dir / so nimst du jhm sein Schwerdt / Also folget immer ein Bruch auff den andern.
 
 
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Line 2,748: Line 2,731:
 
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| '''Ein Ander.'''
+
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IM zufechten führe dein Schwerdt mit außgestreckten Armen / außgestreckt und lang vor dir her / unnd merck fleissig auff die gelegenheit / wann du die ersehen / so Hauwe abermals mit herumb gezucktem Schwerdt / ge'''[LXIIr]'''waltig von Oben gegen seinem Lincken ohr / in dem der Hauwe trifft / so fahr auff mit beiden Armen / unnd stoß dieselbige weil deinen Knopff under deinem Rechten Arm durch / lass hiemit dein Lincke hand eilents vom heffte / und greiffe mit derselbigen oberhalb deinem Rechten Arm wider an dein Schwerdts knopff / Stich jhm also hinder seinem Schwerdt gegen seinem gesicht / oder so du ein kurtz Schwerdt hast / so Stich jhm von Oben zwischen seinen beiden Armen hinein / und setze jhm den vordern ort an seine Brust / und trit mit dem Rechten fuß zuruck / stoß jhn also mit dem vorderen ort von dir / laß in dessen dein Schwerdt wider verfahren / und Hauwe von deiner Rechten uberzwerch zu seinem Lincken ohr / mit einem abtrit deines Lincken fusses / gantz durch / den letsten Hauwe zum abzug von deiner Lincken durch sein Rechte / Oder wann du einem also zwischen seinen Armen / von Oben hinein gestochen hast / so lasse dein Lincke hand vom Knopff / unnd ergreiffe mit derselbigen dein klingen / underhalb seinem Rechten Arm / wende mit derselbigen ubersich / vor seinem gesicht gegen seiner Lincken / und mit dem Knopff oder mit Rechter hand reisse undersich / so nimstu jhm sein Schwerdt.
+
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/143|3|lbl=Ⅰ.61v.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/144|1|lbl=Ⅰ.62r.1|p=1}}
 
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Line 2,755: Line 2,738:
 
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| Ob du wol mit nach gedencken / vil Bruch aus den vorgehenden stucken erlehrnen kanst / so hieher dienstlich / will ich dir doch auch einen setzen also.
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/144|2|lbl=Ⅰ.62r.2}}
 
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Line 2,761: Line 2,744:
 
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| Fehrt dir einer mit seinem hefft oder beiden henden / also wie gelehrt hoch auff / so fahre mit der Kron auch hoch auff / also das er mit dem ort nicht ansetzen kann / komme hiemit auch noch neher zu jhm / und lasse die Rechte hand von deinem hefft / verkehr dieselbige / unnd greiff damit zwischen seinen beiden Armen in sein hefft / ruck also mit verkehrter hand auff dein Rechte seiten / so nimstu jhm sein Schwerdt.
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/144|3|lbl=Ⅰ.62r.3}}
 
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Line 2,767: Line 2,750:
 
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| IM zufechten so streiche mit außgestrecktem Schwerdt / von deiner Rechten starck und gewaltig ubersich / durch sein gesicht / als dann trit unnd Hauwe mit Langer schneide / von deiner Rechten / von uberzwerch ubersich / mit einem zutrit deines Rechten fusses gegen seinem Hals / als bald derselbige getroffen / so Hauwe den andern von deiner Lincken gegen seiner Rechten / auch uberzwerch von Unden / aber in dem du disen Underhauw herführest / so lasse dein Lincke hand ab vom hefft / und ergreiff damit abermals dein klingen in der mitte / und winde jhm mit dem vordern theil deiner klingen / oberhalb seinem Rechten arm zum gesicht / fehrt er aber mit seinen Armen auff / und will versetzen / so bleibe mit der Rechten hand sampt dem kreutz hoch / und wechsele mit der Lincken hand sampt dem vordern ort von Oben herab / neben seinem Rechten Arm herumb / und führe dasselbige vorder '''[LXIIv]''' ort zwischen seinen beyden Armen hinein / und greiffe mit demselbigen / von inwendig uber seinen rechtenArm / truck also mit dem Knopff von dir / und mit der klingen reisse zu dir / so nimstu jhm abermals das Schwerdt.
+
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 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/144|4|lbl=Ⅰ.62r.4|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/145|1|lbl=Ⅰ.62v.1|p=1}}
 
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Line 2,773: Line 2,757:
 
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| '''Bruch.'''
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/145|2|lbl=Ⅰ.62v.2}}
MErck in dem der Underhauw gegen deiner Rechten antrifft / unnd du den selbigen versetzt hast / so lasse dein Rechte hand vom Schwerdt / und greiffe mit derselbigen aussen uber seinem Lincken arm / in sein Schwerds Knopff / Reiß den zü dir / auff dein Rechte seiten / so nimstu jhm sein Schwerdt.
 
 
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Line 2,780: Line 2,763:
 
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword O.jpg|center|400px]]
 
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword O.jpg|center|400px]]
 
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| '''Ein ander stuck zum einlauffen.'''
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/145|3|lbl=Ⅰ.62v.3}}
WAnn du an einem gewahr wirst / das er dich mit einem hohen streich ubereylen / und hiemit einlauffen will / so fahre mit deinem hefft und offenen henden ubersich / fange jhm also seinem hauw in dein hefft / wie dir solches mit den obern bossen in der Figur O. zur Lincken fürgemahlet ist / als bald der hauw auff dein hefft trifft / so fahre mit dem kreutz von Oben zwischen seine beide Arm / trit hiemit zu ruck / und Reiß mit dem kreutz undersich zu dir auß / Hauwe jhn mit solchem zug auff den Kopff.
 
 
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword D.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword D.png|center|400px]]
 
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| '''Werffen.'''
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/145|4|lbl=Ⅰ.62v.4}}
WAnn dich einer mit seinem Schwerdt underlauffen hat / also das jhr gar nahet zusamen komen / so wirff dein Schwerdt hindersich von dir / auch bucke dich eylents vor jm undersich / und ergreiff jm mit beyden henden beyde bein / zuck an dich / so fellet er an rucken / davon besihe die obern unnd kleinern bossen / zur lincken Hand in der Figur D.
 
 
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Line 2,794: Line 2,775:
 
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| Oder so jhr beyde so nahet zusamen komen seind / und er führet sein Schwerdt ober dem Kopff / also das sein klingen ein wenig hinder jhm abhangt / so lasse dein Rechte hand vom Schwerdt / und fahr mit derselbigen aussen uber seinen Lincken arm / unnd ergreiff damit sein Rechte hand bey dem glid / zugleich in dem du jhm sein hand ergreiffest / so trit mit deinem Rechten fuß hinder seinen Lincken / zeuch jhn also mit der Rechten hand uberruck von dir / und stoß jhn mit der Lincken hand sampt dem Schwerdt / für die Brust / so fellest du jn uber dein für gesetzt bein an seinen rucken.
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/145|5|lbl=Ⅰ.62v.5}}
 
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Line 2,800: Line 2,781:
 
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| '''[LXIIIr]''' WAnn jhr also nahet zusamen komen / so trit jhm mit deinem Lincken fuß zwischen seine beide bein / laß hiemit dein Lincke hand vom Schwerdt / unnd wende jhm ein wenig den rucken / greiff under deß mit deiner / vom Schwerdt abgelassener Lincker hand / under seinen beiden Armen durch / und aussen uber seinen Lincken arm / mit der Rechten hand aber / sampt dem Schwerdt (oder wirff dasselbige von dir) greiffe aussen uber seinen Rechten arm / also das du mit deiner Rechten hand dein Lincke oberhalb seinen beiden Armen wider ergreiffest / trucke jhm alle beyde Arm zusamen / auff dein Lincke achsel / hie zwischen trit auch mit dem Lincken fuß vornen für seine beide füß / schwinge dich hiemit auff dein Rechte seyten / und in dem schwung bucke dich fürsich undersich / und wirff in fur dir nider.
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/146|1|lbl=Ⅰ.63r.1}}
 
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Line 2,806: Line 2,787:
 
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| '''Ein anders.'''
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/146|2|lbl=Ⅰ.63r.2}}
ODer in dem jhr durch einlauffen so nahet zusamen komen seind / also das es zu rung gerahten muß / so trit mit dem Rechten fuß zwischen sein beide bein / laß die Lincke hand vom Schwerdt / unnd greyffe mit den Rechten hand sampt dem Schwerdt under seinen rechten Arm durch / aussen umb seinen leib / und mit der Lincken hand ergreyffe jhm von inwendig durch / seinen rechten Schenckel / jhe niderer jhe besser / und schauwe das du mit deinem Rechten fuß zwischen sein beyde bein wol durchgetretten seyest / auff das du mit demselbigen mit widersperren unnd außrucken / dem wurff zu hilff komen könnest / erhebe jhn also in einem schwung / unnd wirff jhn hinder dir auff seinen Kopff.
 
 
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Line 2,813: Line 2,793:
 
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| '''Ein anders.'''
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/146|3|lbl=Ⅰ.63r.3}}
UNderlaufft dir einer mit der Zwirch dein Schwerdt / so merck in dem er dir gegen deiner Lincken herzwircht / so versetze ihm solche Zwirch mit hangender klingen / und greiff mit der Lincken hand (die du dann vom Schwerdt ablassen solt) under deiner unnd seiner klingen durch / außwendig uber seinen rechten Arm / fall jhm also mit derselben verkehrten Lincken hand an die gurgel / auch trit under des mit dem lincken fuß hinder seinen Rechten / wirff jhn abermals an seinen rucken.
 
 
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Line 2,820: Line 2,799:
 
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| Damit du aber den Ringen und Greiffen ein grund habest / so will ich dir die Hengen und Winden erlicher massen dar thun unnd erkleren / auß welchen dann die Kampffstuck im kurtzen Schwerdt herfliessen unnd erwachssen / und werden die Hengen zu zweyerley fürnemen ins werck gericht / gebraucht / Nemlich zum ersten werden sie gebraucht '''[LXIIIv]''' die häuw damit auffzufangen / und dieselbige auff der flachen klingen abritschen lassen und nachfechten / oder mit solchem verhengen dem Man under sein Schwerdt gehen / unn darunder einwinden / und diese werden den mehrertheil auß dem Pflug / oder von den Underhäuwen zu wegen bracht und vollendet. Zum andern so werden sie auch gebraucht zum / ein / oder uberhengen / welche dann auß dem Oberhauw und von dem Ochsen hergebracht werden / welche beyderley Hengen verstand also.
+
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 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/146|4|lbl=Ⅰ.63r.4|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/147|1|lbl=Ⅰ.63v.1|p=1}}
 
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Line 2,826: Line 2,806:
 
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| '''Wie du auß dem Underhengen ein und auß winden solt.'''
+
|  
IM zufechten so kome mit deinem Lincken fuß vor / und streiche mit außgestreckten Armen ubersich / gegen seinem Schwerdt / also das in solchem ubersich streichen die halb schneid Oben stand / und vorgange / demnach wann dein vorder ort / in solchem ubersich streichen seinem (nemlich deines gegenmans) gürdel gleich kompt / und er dieweil eben herschlecht / so stosse eylents deinen Schwerdts knopff under deinem Rechten arm durch / und fare also mit gekreutzigten henden ubersich / gegen seiner Lincken / also das damit dein klingen ein wenig gegen seiner Rechten seiten hang / und schauwe das in solchem aufffahren / dein flache klingen auff dein Daumen zu ligen komme / fang also seinen hauw auff deine uberzwerche stehende flache klingen auff / also das in solchem auffangen und undergehn / beyde Schwerdter in die stercke zusamen rühren / unnd dein Kopff under deinem Schwerdt bedeckt und wol bewart sey / so bald nun also sein hauw auff deine klingen rühret / so rucke deinen knopff wider under deinen rechten Arm / gegen deiner Lincken seiten herfür / und wende hiemit dein halbe schneide einwart hinder seiner klingen / uberzwerch uber seinen Kopff / in solchem einwinden aber / bleib mit deinem Schwerdt hart an dem seinen / auff das du fühlen könnest / wann er abgehn wölle / auch soltu deinen Kopff mit solchem einwinden wol aus von seiner klingen / gegen deiner Lincken seiten entziehen / wirstu aber in dessen gewahr / das er (dieweil du dich mit solchem einwinden etwas blössest) von Oben nider derselbigen zu eylen wolle / so trit mit deinem Lincken fuß behend gegen seiner Rechten seiten auß / unnd stosse deinen knopff wider under deinem Rechten arm durch / unnd fahr mit beiden Armen auff / wende jhm also die halbe schneide wider außwerts an sein Recht ohr / auff diese weiß kanstu auff der einen seiten mit der klingen under seinem Schwerdt / ein und außwerts Winden / auff der andern seiten aber / magstu mit dem Knopff ubergreiffen / Also / wann du ihm auff vorige weiß sein Schwerdt mit verhengen auffgefangen hast / so trit behendt in dem die Schwerdter noch zusamen rühren / mit dem rechten Fuß ge'''[LXIIIIr]'''gen seiner Lincken seiten / und greiff mit dem Knopff / außwendig Oben uber seinem Rechten arm hinein / unnd reisse zu dir auß. Oder nach dem du jhm ein und außwerts gewunden hast / unnd er mit den Armen hoch auff gefahren ist / so wind jhm mit dem knopff inwendig zwischen seinen beyden Armen hinein / und greiff also mit demselbigen von inwendig uber seinen Rechten arm / und reisse gegen deiner Lincken auß / wiltu so magstu dein Lincke hand vom hefft ablassen / und mit derselbigen in die mitte deiner klingen greiffen / demnach wie du mit der Rechten hand gegen deiner Lincken seiten zu dir zeuchst / also trucke mit deiner Lincken hand / gegen seiner Lincken von dir / auch magstu jhm auß allen Legern mit hangender klingen underschieben und versetzen / und also wie gelehrt / an seinem Schwerdt ein und außwahrts Winden / und das zu beiden seiten.  
+
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/147|2|lbl=Ⅰ.63v.2|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/148|1|lbl=Ⅰ.64r.1|p=1}}
 
|  
 
|  
  
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|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| '''Wie du die einhengen und winden von Oben<br/>in das werck richten solt.'''
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/148|2|lbl=Ⅰ.64r.2}}
IM zufechten führe einen gewaltigen hauw von Oben gegen seinem Lincken ohr / unnd in dem dein hauw an sein Schwerdt rühret oder glützt / so stosse deinen Schwerdts Knopff abermals under deinem Rechten Armn durch / und henge jhm die klingen also mit gekreutzigten Armen / wol hinder seiner klingen hinein zum Kopf / oder nach dem du jhm also von Oben eingewunden hast / so henge jhm dein klingen wol uber seinen beyde Arm / unnd reisse also mit deinem Schwerdt / gegen deiner Lincken seiten auß / so bald du aber in solchem hinein winden fühlest / das er deiner Blösse von Oben nider zu eilen will / so rucke deinen Schwerdts knopff abermals wider herfür / und fahr mit demselbigen wider hoch ubersich auff / und henge jhm die halbe schneid wider außwerths hinein zum Kopff / wehrt er dir solches / so winde behend mit deinem knopff unden durch / und außwendig uber seinen rechten Arm hinein / reisse also abermals undersich zu dir auß / oder greiffe jm auch inwendig zwischen seinen Armen hinein / fass jhm derselbigen einen von inwendig mit deinem knopf / und reiß zu dir abermals auß.
 
 
|  
 
|  
  
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|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| Item wan du einen Oberhauw auff deinen gegenfechter hinein fürest / unn er versetzt dir solchen mit der Zwirch / so merck als bald dein hauw auff seinen klingen rührt / so stosse deinen Schwerdts knopf (es sei under deinem Rechten arm oder nit) hoch ubersich / unn hencke jm dein klingen uber die seine hinein zum Kopff / magst also hart auff seiner klingen bleiben / und hinein und außwerts winden / nach gelegenheit. Wehrt er dir solche winden unn fehrt auff / so '''[LXIIIIv]''' winde (in dem er auffert) aber mit dem knopf umb seine Arm / also kanst jm von allen seiten wie du jhm angebunden hast / mit gewalt aus und einwerts winden / letztlich soltu auch alwegen so offt du einwinden wilt / drei ding betrachten / nemlich zum ersten den haw / Zum andern das einwinden an jm selbs / mit welchem du treffen solt / Zum dritten den schnit / dan dieweil du dich mit dem winden blössen must / so soltu mit dem Schwerdt hart an dem seinen bleiben / uff das wan er (dieweil du windest) nachfolgen oder abgen will / du jm mit dem schnit nachfolgest / und an seinem Schwerdt bleibest / und jme dasselbige mit dem schnit außführest unn abwendest / oder (dieweil er abgeht) mit gedachtem schnitt der nechsten Blöß zu einfallest.
+
|  
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/148|3|lbl=Ⅰ.64r.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/149|1|lbl=Ⅰ.64v.1|p=1}}
 
|  
 
|  
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Longsword H.jpg|center|400px]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword H.png|center|400px]]
 
|  
 
|  
| '''Ein guter Bruch auff alle oberhäuw.'''
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/149|2|lbl=Ⅰ.64v.2}}
IM zufechten schicke dich mit deinem Schwerdt in den Lincken Wechsel / und merck (in dem er von Oben gegen dir herhauwet) so trit mit deinem Lincken fuß gegen seiner Rechten / oder auff dein Lincke wol zur seiten auß / zugleich mit solchem außtretten Hauwe mit Langer schneide ubersich / gegen seinem herfliegenden hauw / also das du in solchem ubersich hauwen / deinen Schwerdts knopf under deinem rechten Arm durch gestossen / und seinen streich also mit kreutzigeten henden hoch in der lufft / auff deine Lange schneide in die sterck / auff gefangen habest / in dem nun also die Schwerdter zusamen rühren und glützen / so rucke deinen Schwerdts knopf neidlichen under deinem rechten arm wider herfür / damit sich das forter theil deiner klingen / durch solches herauß rucken / hinder seinem Schwerdt / uberhalb seinem Rechten arm hinein / und schlims durch sein gesicht wider herauß schwinge / in dem du aber den Underhauw also durch einen Oberhauw gegen seinem gesicht wider herauß windest / eben dieselbige weil / trit auch mit dem Lincken fuß ferner gegen der Lincken seiten auß zurück hindersich / wie du dessen in der Figur H. an dem grossern Bild zur rechten Hand ein anzeigung hast / Hauwe jhn also im abtretten durch sein gesicht / wann nun dieser Underhauw sampt dem außtrit / unnd herauß winden in einem huy behendiglichen gemacht und volbracht wirt / so geht es dir gewiß und wol an / auß disem Windhauw werden auch vil andere und schöne stuck genomen und zuwegen bracht.
 
 
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| class="noline" |  
 
| class="noline" |  
 
| class="noline" |  
 
| class="noline" |  
| class="noline" | '''Ende des Schwerdts.'''
+
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/149|3|lbl=Ⅰ.64v.3}}
'''Ordenliche Beschreibung und anweisung''' des fechtens im Dusacken/ darinn vil Mannliche und geschwinde Stucke/ durh welche die angehende Schüler zur behendigkeit/volgends im Rapier zufechten/ so vil deß besser mögen abgericht werden/in guter ordnung begriffen/ vnd nach einander fürgestellet.'''
 
 
 
<poem>Mit diser Mehr raich weit und lang /
 
 Dem hauw nach fürsich vberhang /
 
Mit deinem Leib/ darzu trit ferr /
 
 Dein háuw fúhr gwaltig vmb jn her /
 
Zu all vier enden/laß die fliegen /
 
 Mit geberden/ zucken/ kanst jn triegen /
 
In die sterck solt du versetzen /
 
 Mit der schwech zugleich jn letzen /
 
Auch náher solt du kommen nit /
 
 Dann dast jn langest mit eim trit /
 
 
 
 
 
Wann er dir wolt einlauffen schier /
 
 Das Vorder ort/treibt jn von dir /
 
Wer er dir aber glauffen ein /
 
 Mit greiffen/ Ringen / der erst solt sein /
 
Der sterck vnd schwech nim eben war /
 
 Indes / die Blóß / macht offenbar /
 
Im Vor/ vnd Nach/ darzu recht trit /
 
 Merck fleissig auff die rechte zeit /
 
 Vnd laß dich bald erschrecken nit.</poem>
 
 
 
 
| class="noline" |  
 
| class="noline" |  
  
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}}
 
}}
 
{{master subsection begin
 
{{master subsection begin
  | title = Lund Dussack
+
  | title = Lund
 
  | width = 90em
 
  | width = 90em
 
}}
 
}}
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{{master subsection begin
 
{{master subsection begin
  | title = 1570 Dussack
+
  | title = Introduction
 
  | width = 90em
 
  | width = 90em
 
}}
 
}}
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|-  
 
|-  
 
! <p>Figures</p>
 
! <p>Figures</p>
! <p>{{rating}}</p>
+
! <p>{{rating|start}}<br/>by [[Mike Rasmusson]]</p>
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}</p>
+
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/150|1|lbl=Ⅰ.55r.1}}
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/150|1|lbl=Ⅰ.65r.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
|  
+
| <p>With this weapon reach wide and long,<br/>Hang over forward after the blow<br/>With your body step far to it,<br/>Send your blows powerfully around and in,<br/>To all four targets let it fly<br/>With comportment, pulling, you can deceive him.<br/>You shall parry in the forte<br/>At the same time injure him with the foible.<br/>Also you shall not come nearer<br/>Than you can reach him with a step.</p>
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/150|2|lbl=Ⅰ.55r.1}}
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/150|2|lbl=Ⅰ.65r.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
|  
+
| class="noline" | <p>When he will almost run in at you<br/>Drive him from you with your point,<br/>But if he has run in on you,<br/>With gripping, wrestling, you shall be the first,<br/>Pay heed indeed to forte and foible,<br/>Meanwhile, the openings he makes open,<br/>Also step rightly in the Vor and Nach.<br/>Note diligently the correct time<br/>And do not be quick to be scared.</p>
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/150|3|lbl=Ⅰ.55r.3}}
+
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/150|3|lbl=Ⅰ.65r.3}}
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
{{master subsection end}}
  
 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = 1 - Contents of the Fencing with Dussacks
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 +
|-
 +
! <p>Figures</p>
 +
! <p>{{rating}}<br/></p>
 +
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
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|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/153|2|lbl=Ⅱ.1v.2}}
+
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/153|2|lbl=Ⅱ.1v.2}}
  
|-
+
|}
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack A.png|400px|center]]
+
{{master subsection end}}
|
 
|
 
  
 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = 2 - Of the Stances or Guards and Their Use
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack B.png|400px|center]]
+
! <p>Figures</p>
|
+
! <p>{{rating}}<br/></p>
 +
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/154|1|lbl=Ⅱ.2r.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack C.png|400px|center]]
 
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/154|2|lbl=Ⅱ.2r.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack D.png|400px|center]]
+
| class="noline" |
|
+
| class="noline" |
|
+
| class="noline" |
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/154|3|lbl=Ⅱ.2r.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/155|1|lbl=Ⅱ.2v.1|p=1}}
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
{{master subsection end}}
  
 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = 3 - Of the Four Cuts, with Four Good Rules
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack F.png|400px|center]]
+
! <p>Figures</p>
|
+
! <p>{{rating}}<br/></p>
|
+
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack G.png|400px|center]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack A.png|400px|center]]
|
+
 
 +
----
 +
 
 +
[[File:Meyer 1570 Sword Cuts.png|center]]
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/155|2|lbl=Ⅱ.2v.2|p=1}} {{pagetb|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf|157|lbl=Ⅱ.3v|p=1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack H.png|400px|center]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack B.png|400px|center]]
|
+
 
 +
----
 +
 
 +
[[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack C.png|400px|center]]
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/159|1|lbl=Ⅱ.4v.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack I.png|400px|center]]
 
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/159|2|lbl=Ⅱ.4v.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack K.png|400px|center]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack B.png|400px|center]]
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/161|1|lbl=Ⅱ.5v.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack L.png|400px|center]]
 
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/161|2|lbl=Ⅱ.5v.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack M.png|400px|center]]
 
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/162|1|lbl=Ⅱ.6r.1}}
 +
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword Cuts.png|center]]
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/162|2|lbl=Ⅱ.6r.2}}
 +
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack D.png|400px|center]]
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/163|1|lbl=Ⅱ.6v.1}}
 +
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/163|2|lbl=Ⅱ.6v.2}}
 +
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/163|3|lbl=Ⅱ.6v.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/165|1|lbl=Ⅱ.7v.1|p=1}}
 +
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/165|2|lbl=Ⅱ.7v.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack N.png|400px|center]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword Cuts.png|center]]
|
+
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/165|3|lbl=Ⅱ.7v.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/166|1|lbl=Ⅱ.8r.1|p=1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack O.png|400px|center]]
 
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/166|2|lbl=Ⅱ.8r.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| class="noline" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack P.png|400px|center]]
 
 
| class="noline" |  
 
| class="noline" |  
 
| class="noline" |  
 
| class="noline" |  
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/166|3|lbl=Ⅱ.8r.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/167|1|lbl=Ⅱ.8v.1|p=1}}
  
 
|}
 
|}
 
{{master subsection end}}
 
{{master subsection end}}
{{master end}}
 
 
{{master begin
 
| title = Rapier
 
| width = 100%
 
}}
 
  
 
{{master subsection begin
 
{{master subsection begin
  | title = Lund Rapier
+
  | title = 4 - Of the Secondary Cuts
 
  | width = 90em
 
  | width = 90em
 
}}
 
}}
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|-  
 
|-  
 
! <p>Figures</p>
 
! <p>Figures</p>
! <p>{{rating|B}}<br/>by [[Kevin Maurer]]</p>
+
! <p>{{rating}}<br/></p>
! <p>[[Joachim Meyers Fäktbok (MS A.4º.2)|Lund Transcription]]{{edit index|Joachim Meyers Fäktbok (MS A.4º.2)}}</p>
+
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Rappier Fencing'''</p>
 
 
<p>In rappier there are 4 Guards, namely the Side guard, from which you have five displacements, the first is cutting off, the other is suppressing, the third is going through, the fourth is hanging, and the fifth is taking out with Long edge from which each one has the cut and the thrust.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/167|2|lbl=Ⅱ.8v.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' The Verfirsten cut</p>
 
 
<p>'''Item''' The Changer has 4 displacements the first is taking out with the short and long edge.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/168|1|lbl=Ⅱ.9r.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' Cutting Away and suppressing with the half edge from which each one has a cut and thrust then the under thrust, over thrust, outside and inside cuts and The Straight Cut.</p>
 
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/168|2|lbl=Ⅱ.9r.2|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/169|1|lbl=Ⅱ.9v.1|p=1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>The same goes for the Right Ox, which has also 4 displacements, namely, hanging, suppressing, going through cutting off, together with the inside and outside cuts and from above.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/169|2|lbl=Ⅱ.9v.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>The Left Ox has three displacements, cutting off, suppressing, and taking out from below with the half edge.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/169|3|lbl=Ⅱ.9v.3}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>Irondoor has six displacements, suppressing, cutting off, going through, setting off, hanging, taking out with half edge.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/170|1|lbl=Ⅱ.10r.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>Longpoint has three displacements cutting off, setting off, suppressing, Plow, from the Plow may you set off, simultaneously strike, take out, opening strike, double thrust, single thrust, deceptive thrust.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/170|2|lbl=Ⅱ.10r.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| rowspan="2" | [[File:MS A.4º.2 70r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>'''Side Guard'''</p>
 
 
<p>In the Side Guard send yourself thus; stand with your right foot forward, hold your weapon with the hilt near your right knee, the point before you to the earth, how this figure shows.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
| <p>When you are thus in the Side Guard and one strikes or thrusts to you whether from below or above, thus attack with your Blade well from you with the long edge on the strong of his blade, and cut his strike or thrust away from you, to his right side, and in this cutting off, step with backsteps from his strike, thus you come with your rappier in the Left Changer, Instantly step quickly further on to his left side and thrust from below to his face, thus that you stand in Longpoint, when one thrusts or strikes to you thus cut all thrusts or strikes downwards from you with opposition.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|
 
| <p>'''Item''' When you stand in this Guard, how one cuts or thrusts at you from his right, thus cut away his Blade from you to your left like before, thus you come into Left Changer, in the clash of the Blades, thus hold your hilt above you, and cut from above a straight Apilem or Scalp cut through his face so that in this cut you come opposite with the hilt before the blade, that gives a freely seen cut through the irondoor, and rises from all the strikes with two Wrath cuts from both sides through the cross with outstretched arms and far away from you.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/170|3|lbl=Ⅱ.10r.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/172|1|lbl=Ⅱ.11r.1|p=1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack P.png|400px|center]]
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' Cut his strike or thrust out from your right to your left with the long edge like before, and allow your weapon to run over next to your left side so that the blade snaps around beside your left, into the left Ox and from there thrust over hand at his face while stepping out from your left, so that you now stand in Longpoint, from this cut also in the Side Guard or else the Changer.</p>
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/172|2|lbl=Ⅱ.11r.2}}
|  
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' Position yourself in the Side Guard like before, thus cut his strike or thrust from your right to your left like before, and wind your weapon beside your left in which the Long edge cuts Instantly before he can recover from your slicing off, thus cut with a defense strike over his weapon to his body, his legs, his hands or Arms. And in this cut, then spring well to his left side with stepping after, thus you come into the Side Guard on the right.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/172|3|lbl=Ⅱ.11r.3}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' Cut away his thrusts or cuts like before, and allow your Blade to run through in return, besides your left, and from that, snap over to him a thrust above the hand, pull again around your head and cut him outside through to his right Thigh, thus you come into the Side Guard from there then cut or suppress again away from you.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/173|1|lbl=Ⅱ.11v.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack G.png|400px|center]]
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>The other displacement is Suppressing, which the cutting away is nearly equal, and almost like in the Iron Door.</p>
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/173|2|lbl=Ⅱ.11v.2}}
|  
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack O.png|400px|center]]
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Going through'''</p>
 
 
<p>'''Item''' Thus when you stand then in the Side Guard, and one thrusts or cuts to you, then drive through with your blade and with his blade, that you strike out from your left to your right, so that the Blade flies around again, besides your right into an over Thrust.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/173|3|lbl=Ⅱ.11v.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/175|1|lbl=Ⅱ.12v.1|p=1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' Proceed then as how it is taught and suppress his weapon to the ground with the Long edge from your upper Left, thrust him upwards, to the face and set him off again.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/175|2|lbl=Ⅱ.12v.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' Thus if you are in the Side Guard and he thrusts or cuts to you, take out his weapon with your Flat, and with your arm outstretched so that your weapon cuts around with the Point at his face and runs over shooting around into Left Ox, after this, cut around your head to his Right thigh.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/175|3|lbl=Ⅱ.12v.3}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' Take out like before, and allow it to Fly around like before, and thrust him to the face.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/177|1|lbl=Ⅱ.13v.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' Take out like before and allow your weapon to drive around your head and then cut him inside to his forward positioned thigh, thus you come again into left changer, if he cuts or thrusts further, then set him off with the long edge, slice in at him through his weapon from your left through the Cross again at his face.</p>
 
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/177|2|lbl=Ⅱ.13v.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' If you are thus in the Side Guard, and he thrusts then take him out with hanging and allow it to drive around your head and cut him inside to his body from your right.</p>
 
|
 
 
|-
 
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' If you are in the Side Guard, thus take him out with hanging and thrust over the hand to the face.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/177|3|lbl=Ⅱ.13v.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/178|1|lbl=Ⅱ.14r.1|p=1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' Take him out with hanging and threaten to thrust him over the hand, but pull around again and cut outside to his right thigh.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/178|2|lbl=Ⅱ.14r.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' If you are in this Guard, thus suppress his oncoming thrust or cut, from above onto his weapon, cut or thrust Long after.</p>
 
|
 
 
|-
 
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' Slice with the long edge away from you, and cut in again through the Cross, or do the Flying thrust Long in the After.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/178|3|lbl=Ⅱ.14r.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/179|1|lbl=Ⅱ.14v.1|p=1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>Thus however if one wishes to use handworks on you, then Pull the weapon around your head and cut a Defense strike, through his left, then your weapon comes again correctly into the Changer, or Side Guard, as soon as he drives after, thus meet him with the previously taught work, then with the cuts you provoke him to attack, with this he loses his advantage, and you thus have an example of the previously taught work.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/179|2|lbl=Ⅱ.14v.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| <p>And it is to be Marked that out of this Guard, four names or verses constitute:</p>
+
| class="noline" |
|
+
| class="noline" |
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/179|3|lbl=Ⅱ.14v.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/180|1|lbl=Ⅱ.15r.1|p=1}}
  
 +
|}
 +
{{master subsection end}}
 +
 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = 5 - How One Shall Use the Four Openings
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
+
! <p>Figures</p>
| <p>Firstly, Going through, Suppressing, Cutting off, hanging, and like techniques,</p>
+
! <p>{{rating}}<br/></p>
|  
+
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| class="noline" |
| <p>Second, attacking with your defense strike around every displacement,</p>
+
| class="noline" |  
|  
+
| class="noline" |
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/180|2|lbl=Ⅱ.15r.2|p=1}} {{pagetb|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf|181|lbl=Ⅱ.15v|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/182|1|lbl=Ⅱ.16r.1|p=1}}
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
{{master subsection end}}
  
 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = 6 - Of Displacing, and How All Cuts Are Divided into Three Types
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
|
+
! <p>Figures</p>
| <p>Thirdly, the work stays mostly above the hands.</p>
+
! <p>{{rating}}<br/></p>
|  
+
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' Let the thrust fly and cut to the Thigh, and cut into the Cross again.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/182|2|lbl=Ⅱ.16r.2|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/184|1|lbl=Ⅱ.17r.1|p=1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| rowspan="2" | [[File:MS A.4º.2 73r.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>'''Changer'''</p>
 
 
<p>'''Item''' Take him out upwards, strongly from your left from under and gather your weapon in the air besides your left into Ox, Instantly step with your left foot around his right side, and throw him a thrust from under and through the Plow, to his right hip.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
| <p>'''Item''' Take out his incoming thrust with the short edge from the changer strongly, upwards, so that your weapon flies around in the air, into the right Ox, and Instantly throw him a thrust from under through the right plow, to his Groin or forward positioned thigh.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/184|2|lbl=Ⅱ.17r.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Mark''' If your are in Left Changer, thus take him out with the Flat so that your weapon shoots around over your head, threaten him with the Heart Thrust, Pull and cut from your right through his forward positioned leg and thrust through the left Ox over hand to the Face.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/184|3|lbl=Ⅱ.17r.3}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' Take him out with the short edge, how it is previously taught, and thrust him from above once to his face, thereupon a Cross Cut in the After.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/184|4|lbl=Ⅱ.17r.4|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/186|1|lbl=Ⅱ.18r.1|p=1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' Take him out, upwards, strongly from you and allow it to quickly drive around the head and cut him outside to his right Thigh, then, a suppressing cut, Long from your right, through his face and on his weapon.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/186|2|lbl=Ⅱ.18r.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' Take him out with the short edge strongly upwards, and cut through from above inside to his hand, and thrust there after, over his hands to the Face.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/186|3|lbl=Ⅱ.18r.3}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' If one Thrusts or Cuts to you, thus slice it away with long edge, from your left to your right, cut or thrust in the After to which side you will, yet long from you it is from Below or Above, and set him off quickly again.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/186|4|lbl=Ⅱ.18r.4}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/186|5|lbl=Ⅱ.18r.5}}
 +
 +
|}
 +
{{master subsection end}}
 +
 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = 7 - Now Follow the Stances with the Elements
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 +
|-
 +
! <p>Figures</p>
 +
! <p>{{rating}}<br/></p>
 +
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 +
 +
|-
 +
|
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' When you stand in Changer, and one will cut or thrust to you thus drive upwards and displace with the Long edge from below and spring well in with the left foot, and Indes grab his Blade with the left reversed hand, under your Blade on his hilt or Pommel, and then thrust him with your pommel on his Joints, thus you take his weapon from his hand.</p>
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/187|1|lbl=Ⅱ.18v.1}}
|  
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| class="noline" |
| <p>'''Ox'''</p>
+
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" |  
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/187|2|lbl=Ⅱ.18v.2|p=1}} {{pagetb|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf|188|lbl=Ⅱ.19r|p=1}}
  
<p>When you thus stand in Ox, and one thrusts to your left, thus spring out from his thrust, to his left side, and thrust in at the same time with his, and wind the Long edge against his weapon upwards to your left side, as soon as he pulls off his weapon, then cut through with the short edge from under his defense, and thrust him with the Heart Thrust.</p>
+
|}
|
+
{{master subsection end}}
  
 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = 8 - Of the Watch and the Elements Assigned to It
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
| rowspan="2" | [[File:MS A.4º.2 70r.jpg|400px|center]]
+
! <p>Figures</p>
| <p>'''Hanging'''</p>
+
! <p>{{rating}}<br/></p>
 +
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
<p>'''Item''' If one thrusts to your Chest or Face, so take this out from above with the short edge or Flat from your right, between you and he, out to your left side, so that your point is taken downwards to the Ground, Instantly allow a thrust to run over the hand to his face take out also the cut between he and you, through the Hanging, and thrust like before.</p>
+
|-
 +
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack B.png|400px|center]]
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/190|1|lbl=Ⅱ.20r.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <p>'''Item''' If one cuts to your feet, then sink the point towards the ground and bar him with the Flat by setting off through the Bastian and thrust him over hand to the face, if one cuts or thrusts to your right thus wind the long edge against his weapon, and suppress his strike to the ground, Cut or thrust in the After.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/190|2|lbl=Ⅱ.20r.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' Pay attention when he would thrust at you from below, where he has his hand outstretched to the thrust, then cut him through to the hand and thrust him to the face.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/190|3|lbl=Ⅱ.20r.3}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Will your opponent not Attack'''</p>
 
 
<p>Mark when one approaches you in the Left Changer, and you stand in Ox, cut from your right from below, through his left to the face, so that your weapon runs around into the Right Ox, and then thrust him to the face.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/191|1|lbl=Ⅱ.20v.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' Step with the left to him and thrust before him a Failer that goes through and outside to your left shoulder, that your weapon comes into Left Ox, take out with the short edge to your right side, so that your Rappier next comes into Right Ox and thrust him to the face, then cut him outside to the right shoulder.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/191|2|lbl=Ⅱ.20v.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' If you are standing in Ox, and one will thrust to your right thus step with the left foot out from his strike to his right and follow with the right and thrust at the same time as him to the face, shoot forwards with the Irondoor or lift your Hilt above you and Grab both your Blade and his blade, and wind his blade from your right to your left in a wrench Instantly step to his left and cut him through to the face besides your left and thrust him again over hand to the face.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/192|1|lbl=Ⅱ.21r.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Mark''' When one thrusts to you from below, so step with the left foot to his right side and set his thrust from your left against your right from above, between you and he, through to the Bastian, step and thrust him under his weapon into the Groin.</p>
 
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/192|2|lbl=Ⅱ.21r.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>Further, when one thrusts from below at you, and you thus are standing in Left Ox, then step with the left foot well onto his right like before, set off his thrust from your left downwards to your right, thus you stand in Right Plow. Thrust him out from the Right Plow upwards to his face, this he must defend, then step and thrust him with reversed hand under his arm to the face, Pull your hilt again to you, and cut through from your left a defense strike to his right shoulder.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/193|1|lbl=Ⅱ.21v.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' If one thrusts to your face or chest, then strongly take out the thrust from below, besides your left with short edge through to his right, so that your weapon runs around above your head and cut in from the outside to his right shoulder, if he bars your cut, then thrust him quickly over the hands to the face, if he doesn’t bar this thus you come through into Changer, if he thrusts further to you, then wind the Hilt upwards and take out his thrust with the Flat through the Hanging, and thrust him over the hands, to the face.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/193|2|lbl=Ⅱ.21v.2|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/194|1|lbl=Ⅱ.22r.1|p=1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| rowspan="2" | [[File:MS A.4º.2 77r.jpg|400px|center]]
+
| class="noline" |  
| <p>'''Mark''' When one thrusts at you from above, thus wind your hilt above you into left ox, set off his thrust upwards, and when they connect, then thrust him inside to the face, Instantly allow your point to sink towards the Ground, and allow the Blade where by, to run through to your left, thrust over the hands to his face Pull your hilt upwards so that the Blade runs off besides your right, and cut outside from your left through his right shoulder thus you shoot into the Right Changer.</p>
+
| class="noline" |  
|  
+
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/194|2|lbl=Ⅱ.22r.2}}
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
{{master subsection end}}
  
 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = 9 - Of the Steer with Its Elements
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <p>'''Item''' Set off his thrust how you were taught above, remain then in the Bind on his Blade and Wind your Blade above you against his travels, out to your left side, instantly have your Hilt above you and cut from your right inside through to his right shoulder thus you come into the Left changer, if he thrusts further at you, then spring with the left foot well to his right side and thrust in from your Changer likewise with him, work further to him with the Iron Door.</p>
+
! <p>Figures</p>
|  
+
! <p>{{rating}}<br/></p>
 +
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| rowspan="2" | [[File:MS A.4º.2 78r.jpg|400px|center]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack L.png|400px|center]]
| <p>'''Item''' Displace His thrusts like before, have your hilt above you in the Left Ox, and take him out, with the short edge from your left through his right so that you correctly fly around your head into the Right Ox cut Instantly a Third strike, downwards, through his left foot from your right, so that your weapon shoots into left Ox, take him out with the short edge, downwards from your left Ox, so that your weapon shoots through in running around again, into Right Ox, allow quickly the Right Ox, to run through, with this taking out besides your left, and thrust through than by a double, done over hand, come into the Iron Door.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/194|3|lbl=Ⅱ.22r.3}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <p>If overall, he would not Thrust, then when you stand in Right Plow thus step with your left foot to him and thrust through to the outside of your left shoulder, so that your weapon comes into the left Ox, step with your right well to his right, and thrust him outside of his right arm Line Pull around your head, and cut him through his face, thus you come into the left Changer from there take him out with the short edge.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/196|1|lbl=Ⅱ.23r.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Three Ongoing Thrusts from the Left Plow from one side'''</p>
+
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/196|2|lbl=Ⅱ.23r.2}}
  
<p>Thus if one approaches you in the Iron Door or also in the Left Plow, then thrust the first from the plow outside of his right arm Line so that your point on the Right now runs off besides your left through into left Ox, thrust through from there quickly through your left Ox, inwards to his chest, allow instantly again the Point to run off downwards and then through besides your left, and thrust the third from your left over your hand to the face, these three thrusts happen as one runs into the next, from one thrust.</p>
+
|-
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack I.png|400px|center]]
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/197|1|lbl=Ⅱ.23v.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>If one thrusts to you from above, wind off his thrust, upwards against your right into the Ox, step and thrust him outside and over his right arm Line, to the face and in this thrust, then drive with your left hand from below.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/197|2|lbl=Ⅱ.23v.2|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/198|1|lbl=Ⅱ.24r.1|p=1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| {{section|Page:MS A.4º.2 79v.jpg|1|lbl=79v}}
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/198|2|lbl=Ⅱ.24r.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| rowspan="2" | [[File:MS A.4º.2 80r.jpg|400px|center]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack K.png|400px|center]]
 
|  
 
|  
| {{section|Page:MS A.4º.2 79v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/199|1|lbl=.24v.1}}
 
 
|-
 
| <p><br/><br/>...Suppress upon from above, step and thrust on his Blade above it, to the face, if he defends the thrust and drives high with his displacement, then thrust him above, on the Right Line if he displaces yet again the thrust, thus jerk your Hilt upwards and thrust over the hands, from above over his displacement Line, and cut him to the right Leg.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:MS A.4º.2 79v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Cutting off'''</p>
 
 
<p>'''Item''' Suppress his oncoming strike or thrust from above, suppress like before, but in this suppressing, thus allow your blade to rest, cross wise on his Blade besides you, then in a flight, thrust or cut him again from the same side Line.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/199|2|lbl=Ⅱ.24v.2|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/200|1|lbl=Ⅱ.25r.1|p=1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack G.png|400px|center]]
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' If you are in the Iron Door, and one will thrust outside to your right arm, thus take this with the short edge downwards and out to your right side out so that the Blade runs over, besides your right at the same time, into the right Ox, Indes also takes others out through a Running off from your right to your left, and thrust this same with quickness over the hand together with a step to him.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/200|2|lbl=Ⅱ.25r.2|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/201|1|lbl=Ⅱ.25v.1|p=1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' If one approaches you in the Iron Door, then thrust him from the right Plow, inside his blade from under jointly, to the face, Instantly have your hilt above you and mutate the under into an Overthrust, cut in with a step to the next opening.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/201|2|lbl=Ⅱ.25v.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''A Deceiving'''</p>
 
 
<p>'''Mark''' If one allows you to bind first on his Blade from your right, thus thrust his face from under and to the inside, over the hands.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/201|3|lbl=Ⅱ.25v.3}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' If one thrusts to your right, thus suppress from your left against your right, thus you have come into the Right Plow. Thrust him from the Plow upwards to the face, this he must defend, cut quickly in Indes, an undercut from your right through his left and thrust him over the hands to his face.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/201|4|lbl=Ⅱ.25v.4|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/202|1|lbl=Ⅱ.26r.1|p=1}}
 +
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack I.png|400px|center]]
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/202|2|lbl=Ⅱ.26r.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' If one approaches you in the Iron Door and has bound on with you, then thrust in on his weapon upwards to the face with a running in, Instantly allow your weapon to run around besides your left and grab with the left hand in the middle of your Blade and thrust him to the stomach.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/204|1|lbl=Ⅱ.27r.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Changing Thrusts and Mutating'''</p>
 
 
<p>If you stand in the Iron Door and so does your opponent, then thrust him outside and over his right arm, above the hand Line, and in this thrust, allow your Hilt to be well High, as soon as he wishes to defend against your thrust, thus allow your point to sink downwards, above your hand, and thrust under your arm quickly to the sky if he however travels, then thrust in again over the arm to the face, thus reverse the high thrust into a low thrust, and you may change into a cut when you want.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/204|2|lbl=Ⅱ.27r.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''The Ox and Plow's Merged Thrusts'''</p>
 
 
<p>'''Item''' If you encounter one in the Iron Door, thus thrust him from the Right Plow, inside his Blade from under to his face, instantly have your hilt above and Mutate the Under into and Over thrust, cut to the next opening with a step to.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/205|1|lbl=Ⅱ.27v.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| class="noline" |
| <p>'''A Deceiving'''</p>
+
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" |  
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/205|2|lbl=Ⅱ.27v.2|p=1}} {{pagetb|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf|206|lbl=Ⅱ.28r.1|p=1}}
  
<p>'''Mark''' when you have allowed one to be first in binding on your blade from your right, then thrust him from under, inside to his face, so that the Rappier runs around besides your right, the same as a Looping, but don't do this, instead thrust him again inside to his Body. Pay attention when one drives his point high above you in zufechten, then act as if you may bind with him as soon as your point connects thus step and undercut his blade away with your left arm then thrust upwards and to the Groin, if he pulls his Blade however, thus guard yourself with hanging, and work to to him over the hands or with taking out and cutting after.</p>
+
|}
|
+
{{master subsection end}}
  
 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = 10 - Of the Wrathful Guard
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
! <p>Figures</p>
| <p>'''Identical Thrusting in traveling after'''</p>
+
! <p>{{rating}}<br/></p>
 +
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
<p>'''Item''' Thus the both of your stand in the Iron Door, then pay attention as soon as he will go away from his Guard, thus step out from his Thrust and follow quickly with the Point to the body from where he has gone, and thrust on the same line as him.</p>
+
|-
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack M.png|400px|center]]
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/208|1|lbl=Ⅱ.29r.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Traveling After'''</p>
 
 
<p>This is a jolly and quick work in Rappier, by as much as he drives his defenses, and holds it somewhat besides his right, as soon as he goes away with the Hilt, thus Thrust him quickly there on the same Line from which he went.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/208|2|lbl=Ⅱ.29r.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Aftercut from below'''</p>
 
 
<p>If you are in the Iron door, and one thrusts to your left, thus suppress him from above, Instantly have the hilt above you into the left Ox and cut quickly with the short edge from below through his face or R. There after thrust through, to a Middlecut above the hands.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/209|1|lbl=Ⅱ.29v.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' If one thrusts at you, to you right, thus suppress from you to your right, thus you come into the right Plow, thrust him from the Plow upwards to the face, this he must defend, cut instantly and quickly an undercut from you right through his left and thrust him above the hands to the face.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/209|2|lbl=Ⅱ.29v.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Balgen in Rappier'''</p>
 
 
<p>Balgen is an abridgement and the proper Core of both weapons: the Dussack and the Rappier put together, which is so understandable and properly divided and placed, that every one of the four cuts can only be cut long from you. May you well understand and usefully learn from it, whether he even taught a bad school rule, and firstly therein is taught the cuts are orderly placed, to and through the man, how the drawn lines reveal, Next then however; as such cuts are cut at you, and how you shall meet these with displacing and breaking, to the third, when he now also uses such displacing and how you should take up in that, the fourth and last part teaches, of those who run in or under.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/210|1|lbl=Ⅱ.30r.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' From the dissimilar weapons that when thus he has a Knebel Pike and you only a Dagger or rappier, and how you should run under with cuts and many secret moves therewith you engage your enemy and then you can take his weapon.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/210|2|lbl=Ⅱ.30r.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack K.png|400px|center]]
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''The First Balg Cut'''</p>
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/211|1|lbl=Ⅱ.30v.1}}
  
<p>Is done thus: stand with the right foot forward and cut from above and below with outstretched arm together and forth, always with the Long edge through the opponent's Left Wrath Line how the figure shows and mark when you will cut from above, thus distort the cut around again, into a strong undercut, upwards through the Forward Line with a full swing, wind then your hand in the air so that the short edge faces to the rear, and the sharp edge against the opponent, thus make a cut after your opportunity.</p>
+
|-
 +
|
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/211|2|lbl=Ⅱ.30v.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack L.png|400px|center]]
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''The Second'''</p>
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/212|1|lbl=Ⅱ.31r.1}}
  
<p>'''Item''' Cut powerfully from your right from above like before, through the left Wrath Line, with outstretched arm so that your weapon comes to the left in the Middle guard, from there a powerful Middle cut through his face Thus you should make Over or Under cuts once or up to six times to his cuts.</p>
+
|-
 +
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword Cuts.png|center]]
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/212|2|lbl=Ⅱ.31r.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''The Third Balg Cut'''</p>
+
|  
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/212|3|lbl=Ⅱ.31r.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/213|1|lbl=Ⅱ.31v.1|p=1}}
  
<p>The third is called the Cross through both Wrath lines, cut then powerfully with outstretched arm from you, and such cuts you should always stand with the right foot forwards, and always a Balg Cut, that is an Over/Under cut of the Cross with powerful middle cuts made after.</p>
+
|-
 +
|
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/213|2|lbl=Ⅱ.31v.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' Send yourself into the Longpoint to the displacing, if he cuts against your left to the head, thus catch his strike with the long edge and pull then around your head and cut him through to his right arm and thrust him above from your right to his face, if he cuts to your right thus displace and cut his face or through his body.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/214|1|lbl=Ⅱ.32r.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>If he cuts quickly from both sides through the Cross or thrusts from Both sides, then displace long from you and when he has done One, two, three four strikes, thus cut then with the radt powerfully always after strike for strike through the Cross and Balg cuts how here follows:</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/214|2|lbl=Ⅱ.32r.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/215|1|lbl=Ⅱ.32v.1}}
 +
 +
|}
 +
{{master subsection end}}
 +
 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = 11 - The Direct Displacement or the Slice
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 +
|-
 +
! <p>Figures</p>
 +
! <p>{{rating}}<br/></p>
 +
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 +
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack F.png|400px|center]]
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Mark''' If one cuts on you from his right against your left thus cut with a strong overcut from your right thereon and cut nimbly again after from your right through his left where he is, under or above where you can work to him and you are soon again in the displacing.</p>
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/215|2|lbl=Ⅱ.32v.2}}
  
 +
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/217|1|lbl=Ⅱ.33v.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' If one cuts on you the Crosscuts, strike after strike, thus displace him with outstretched arms, one strike, four or five, and pay attention where he looks further to strike, thus cut in between his Head and weapon on his strong and suppress in with a strike twice, cut then with the Radt Strike and Crosscuts after.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/217|2|lbl=Ⅱ.33v.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' If he cuts from below, the Middle or from above, thus you come to suppress them all and cut immediately after with the Cross or Balg cuts.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/217|3|lbl=Ⅱ.33v.3}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>If one displaces you and will not cut but wait on your cuts, then cut away his displacement from your left, he is from under or uberzwerch, with that he is drawn away to cut immediately after he does this, thus suppress his strike from you with a strong Roof strike on the strong of his blade the third cuts quickly after to the opening.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/218|1|lbl=Ⅱ.34r.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Rule'''</p>
 
 
<p>Note when he does not want to cut at you, then you should also not meet him with the first strike, but rather show as if you intended to strike to him, then when he misjudges, thus translate with this same cut, it is from above or below, suppressing or cutting out. The same displacement, should one quickly cut after.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/218|2|lbl=Ⅱ.34r.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>However where he is not provoked with a strike to counter, thus cut a Cross through his displacement or two Middle cuts against one another so that his blade is cut away, then must he cut, as soon as he cuts, thus takeout and away his cut with a counter cut, more to his strong thus as soon as you feel that he is soft, thus cut quickly to his body before he recovers, that is under or over.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/218|3|lbl=Ⅱ.34r.3}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''A Good Device'''</p>
 
 
<p>'''Mark''' Thus when you must defend in the after, thus to you one comes with a Knebel pike in the air, over you, and you only have a Rappier or other similar single handed weapon, then hold the weapon uberzwerch for your left foot on the earth, if he strikes a powerful diagonal, thus drive upwards with your weapon and spring to him under his strike guard yourself in the spring with the head out from his strike and allow his strike to clash and stay on your weapon and grab quickly with the left hand on his staff, instantly cut nimble to his hands.</p>
 
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/218|4|lbl=Ⅱ.34r.4}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' If one thrusts on you and you have your weapon like is above taught, thus drive on and set off the thrust upwards above the head, if he pulls from your displacing and thrusts again, thus wind from above out of the Ox, his other thrust, again around out from and on to your left side with a Great spring to and grab his staff like before, on this lesson, may you defend against a Long Pike, But such a thing is not wise to use, especially against those who will signal their Pullings, where but one is Wrathful and is pressing on you, such techniques are altogether very desirable.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/219|1|lbl=Ⅱ.34v.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Item''' You may also send yourself in a hurry into the Ox, and from there wind through the hangings, mark however, that you nimbly should rush, to him or under his weapon, than yours has more air than his in the width from you is less, you will beat him, thus if he will then spring and thrust at you, then cutaway his thrust with a strong Wrathstrike, if he defends this, thus spring on to him with your strike.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/219|2|lbl=Ⅱ.34v.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''From the Cloak'''</p>
 
 
<p>'''Mark''' When to you one would rush, thus wrap your Cloak around your arm if he cuts above at your head, thus drive his strike on your cloak and thrust instantly with his from under, to his stomach, or if you will not thrust to him, thus cut him through his feet, but if he cuts from under, thus fall with your cloak on it and thrust from above to his face, And before you with the cross, you can drive against all four endings of the strikes and thrusts.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/219|3|lbl=Ⅱ.34v.3}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>'''Another'''</p>
 
 
<p>'''Item''' When one cuts or thrusts at you, thus displace his strike with the Rappier and again after he parries, thus fall with your cloak on his Blade and hold onto him there, then cut or thrust in the meantime, nimbly, where you can get him, defend yourself again with the Cross.</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/220|1|lbl=Ⅱ.35r.1}}
 +
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/220|2|lbl=Ⅱ.35r.2}}
 +
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/220|3|lbl=Ⅱ.35r.3}}
 +
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/220|4|lbl=Ⅱ.35r.4|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/221|1|lbl=Ⅱ.35v.1|p=1}}
 +
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/221|2|lbl=Ⅱ.35v.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| class="noline" |  
 
| class="noline" |  
| class="noline" | <p>Item hold you cloak long and when he cuts at you, thus strike with the cape around his blade and spring to him with striking. Thus you yourself will fight.</p>
 
 
| class="noline" |  
 
| class="noline" |  
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/221|3|lbl=Ⅱ.35v.3}}
  
 
|}
 
|}
Line 4,009: Line 4,095:
  
 
{{master subsection begin
 
{{master subsection begin
  | title = 1570 Rapier
+
  | title = 12 - How You Shall Fence from the Bow
 
  | width = 90em
 
  | width = 90em
 
}}
 
}}
Line 4,015: Line 4,101:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! <p>Figures</p>
 
! <p>Figures</p>
! <p>{{rating}}</p>
+
! <p>{{rating}}<br/></p>
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}</p>
+
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Portrait 1.png|400px|center]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack N.png|400px|center]]
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/223|1|lbl=Ⅱ.36v.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier A.png|400px|center]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack B.png|400px|center]]
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/223|2|lbl=Ⅱ.36v.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier B.png|400px|center]]
 
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/223|3|lbl=Ⅱ.36v.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/224|1|lbl=Ⅱ.37r.1|p=1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier C.png|400px|center]]
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack P.png|400px|center]]
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/224|2|lbl=Ⅱ.37r.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier D.png|400px|center]]
 
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/224|3|lbl=Ⅱ.37r.3}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier E.png|400px|center]]
 
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/225|1|lbl=Ⅱ.37v.1}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier F.png|400px|center]]
 
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/225|2|lbl=Ⅱ.37v.2}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier G.png|400px|center]]
 
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/225|3|lbl=Ⅱ.37v.3}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Portrait 2.png|400px|center]]
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/225|4|lbl=Ⅱ.37v.4}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier H.png|400px|center]]
 
|
 
 
|  
 
|  
 
+
|
|-  
+
|
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier I.png|400px|center]]
+
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/225|5|lbl=Ⅱ.37v.5|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/226|1|lbl=Ⅱ.38r.1|p=1}}
|
+
 
|  
+
|-
 
+
|
|-  
+
|
| class="noline" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Portrait 3.png|400px|center]]
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/226|2|lbl=Ⅱ.38r.2}}
| class="noline" |  
+
 
| class="noline" |  
+
|-
 
+
|
|}
+
|
{{master subsection end}}
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/226|3|lbl=Ⅱ.38r.3}}
 
+
 
{{master subsection begin
+
|-
  | title = Rostock Rapier
+
|
  | width = 90em
+
|
}}
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/226|4|lbl=Ⅱ.38r.4}}
{| class="master"
+
 
|-
+
|-
! <p>Figures</p>
+
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack H.png|400px|center]]
! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Thomas Carrillo]]</p>
+
----
! <p>[[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|Rostock Transcription]]{{edit index|Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
[[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack K.png|400px|center]]
 
+
|
|-
+
|
|  
+
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/226|5|lbl=Ⅱ.38r.5|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/227|1|lbl=Ⅱ.38v.1|p=1}}
| <p><br/></p>
+
 
 
+
|-
<p>If you want to fence with one hand<br/>Know the twelve cuts<br/>the cuts and thrust right deceive<br/>the thrust with cutting right mutate</p>
+
|
| {{section|Page:MS Var.82 112r.png|1|lbl=112r}}
+
|
 
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/227|2|lbl=Ⅱ.38v.2}}
|-
+
 
|  
+
|-
| <p>'''12 cuts'''</p>
+
|
{|
+
|
|-  
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/228|1|lbl=Ⅱ.39r.1}}
| Wrath Cut&emsp; || Waker&emsp; || Anger Cut
+
 
|-  
+
|-
| Constrainer&emsp; || Danger Cut&emsp; || Winker
+
|
|-  
+
|
| High Cut&emsp; || Low Cut&emsp; || Plunge Cut
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/228|2|lbl=Ⅱ.39r.2}}
|-  
+
 
| Middle Cut&emsp; || Change Cut&emsp; || Foot Cut
+
|-
|}
+
|
 
+
|
| {{section|Page:MS Var.82 112r.png|2|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/228|3|lbl=Ⅱ.39r.3}}
 
+
 
|-
+
|-
|  
+
|
| <p>'''Wrath Cut'''</p>
+
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/228|4|lbl=Ⅱ.39r.4}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/228|5|lbl=Ⅱ.39r.5}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack F.png|400px|center]]
 +
----
 +
[[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack I.png|400px|center]]
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/229|1|lbl=Ⅱ.39v.1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/229|2|lbl=Ⅱ.39v.2}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack K.png|400px|center]]
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/229|3|lbl=Ⅱ.39v.3}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack K.png|400px|center]]
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/229|4|lbl=Ⅱ.39v.4}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack P.png|400px|center]]
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/229|5|lbl=Ⅱ.39v.5|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/231|1|lbl=Ⅱ.40v.1|p=1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/231|2|lbl=Ⅱ.40v.2}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/231|3|lbl=Ⅱ.40v.3}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| <dd>{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/232|1|lbl=Ⅱ.41r.1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/232|2|lbl=Ⅱ.41r.2}}
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
{{master subsection end}}
 +
 
 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = 13 - Of the Boar
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 +
|-
 +
! <p>Figures</p>
 +
! <p>{{rating}}<br/></p>
 +
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack M.png|400px|center]]
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/232|3|lbl=Ⅱ.41r.3}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/234|1|lbl=Ⅱ.42r.1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/234|2|lbl=Ⅱ.42r.2}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/234|3|lbl=Ⅱ.42r.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/235|1|lbl=Ⅱ.42v.1|p=1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/235|2|lbl=Ⅱ.42v.2}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/235|3|lbl=Ⅱ.42v.3}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/235|4|lbl=Ⅱ.42v.4}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/236|1|lbl=Ⅱ.43r.1}}
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
{{master subsection end}}
 +
 
 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = 14 - Of the Middle Guard, and How One Shall Fence from It
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 +
|-
 +
! <p>Figures</p>
 +
! <p>{{rating}}<br/></p>
 +
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack C.png|400px|center]]
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/236|2|lbl=Ⅱ.43r.2}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/236|3|lbl=Ⅱ.43r.3}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/238|1|lbl=Ⅱ.44r.1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/238|2|lbl=Ⅱ.44r.2}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack L.png|400px|center]]
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/239|1|lbl=Ⅱ.44v.1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/239|2|lbl=Ⅱ.44v.2}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
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| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack C.png|400px|center]]
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/240|3|lbl=Ⅱ.45r.3}}
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| class="noline" |
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/240|4|lbl=Ⅱ.45r.4|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/241|1|lbl=Ⅱ.45v.1|p=1}}
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{{master subsection end}}
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{{master subsection begin
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| title = 15 - Of the Changer and Its Elements
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| width = 90em
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}}
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{| class="master"
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|-
 +
! <p>Figures</p>
 +
! <p>{{rating}}<br/></p>
 +
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
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|-
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| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack N.png|400px|center]]
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|
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/241|2|lbl=Ⅱ.45v.2}}
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/241|3|lbl=Ⅱ.45v.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/242|1|lbl=Ⅱ.46r.1|p=1}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/242|2|lbl=Ⅱ.46r.2}}
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack B.png|400px|center]]
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/242|3|lbl=Ⅱ.46r.3}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/244|1|lbl=Ⅱ.47r.1}}
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| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Sword Cuts.png|center]]
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/245|4|lbl=Ⅱ.47v.4}}
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack O.png|400px|center]]
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/245|5|lbl=Ⅱ.47v.5|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/246|1|lbl=Ⅱ.48r.1|p=1}}
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack G.png|400px|center]]
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/246|2|lbl=Ⅱ.48r.2}}
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack G.png|400px|center]]
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/246|3|lbl=Ⅱ.48r.3}}
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack O.png|400px|center]]
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/246|4|lbl=Ⅱ.48r.4|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/247|1|lbl=Ⅱ.48v.1|p=1}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/247|2|lbl=Ⅱ.48v.2}}
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/247|3|lbl=Ⅱ.48v.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/248|1|lbl=Ⅱ.49r.1|p=1}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/248|2|lbl=Ⅱ.49r.2}}
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|-
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Dussack A.png|400px|center]]
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|
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/248|3|lbl=Ⅱ.49r.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/249|1|lbl=Ⅱ.49v.1|p=1}}
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| class="noline" |
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| class="noline" |
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| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/249|2|lbl=Ⅱ.49v.2}}
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|}
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{{master subsection end}}
 +
{{master end}}
 +
 
 +
{{master begin
 +
| title = Rapier
 +
| width = 100%
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = Lund
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 +
|-
 +
! <p>Figures</p>
 +
! <p>{{rating|B}}<br/>by [[Kevin Maurer]]</p>
 +
! <p>[[Joachim Meyers Fäktbok (MS A.4º.2)|Lund Transcription]]{{edit index|Joachim Meyers Fäktbok (MS A.4º.2)}}</p>
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Rappier Fencing'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>In rappier there are 4 Guards, namely the Side guard, from which you have five displacements, the first is cutting off, the other is suppressing, the third is going through, the fourth is hanging, and the fifth is taking out with Long edge from which each one has the cut and the thrust.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' The Verfirsten cut</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''Item''' The Changer has 4 displacements the first is taking out with the short and long edge.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Cutting Away and suppressing with the half edge from which each one has a cut and thrust then the under thrust, over thrust, outside and inside cuts and The Straight Cut.</p>
 +
 
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>The same goes for the Right Ox, which has also 4 displacements, namely, hanging, suppressing, going through cutting off, together with the inside and outside cuts and from above.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>The Left Ox has three displacements, cutting off, suppressing, and taking out from below with the half edge.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>Irondoor has six displacements, suppressing, cutting off, going through, setting off, hanging, taking out with half edge.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>Longpoint has three displacements cutting off, setting off, suppressing, Plow, from the Plow may you set off, simultaneously strike, take out, opening strike, double thrust, single thrust, deceptive thrust.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="2" | [[File:MS A.4º.2 70r.jpg|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>'''Side Guard'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>In the Side Guard send yourself thus; stand with your right foot forward, hold your weapon with the hilt near your right knee, the point before you to the earth, how this figure shows.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| <p>When you are thus in the Side Guard and one strikes or thrusts to you whether from below or above, thus attack with your Blade well from you with the long edge on the strong of his blade, and cut his strike or thrust away from you, to his right side, and in this cutting off, step with backsteps from his strike, thus you come with your rappier in the Left Changer, Instantly step quickly further on to his left side and thrust from below to his face, thus that you stand in Longpoint, when one thrusts or strikes to you thus cut all thrusts or strikes downwards from you with opposition.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' When you stand in this Guard, how one cuts or thrusts at you from his right, thus cut away his Blade from you to your left like before, thus you come into Left Changer, in the clash of the Blades, thus hold your hilt above you, and cut from above a straight Apilem or Scalp cut through his face so that in this cut you come opposite with the hilt before the blade, that gives a freely seen cut through the irondoor, and rises from all the strikes with two Wrath cuts from both sides through the cross with outstretched arms and far away from you.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Cut his strike or thrust out from your right to your left with the long edge like before, and allow your weapon to run over next to your left side so that the blade snaps around beside your left, into the left Ox and from there thrust over hand at his face while stepping out from your left, so that you now stand in Longpoint, from this cut also in the Side Guard or else the Changer.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Position yourself in the Side Guard like before, thus cut his strike or thrust from your right to your left like before, and wind your weapon beside your left in which the Long edge cuts Instantly before he can recover from your slicing off, thus cut with a defense strike over his weapon to his body, his legs, his hands or Arms. And in this cut, then spring well to his left side with stepping after, thus you come into the Side Guard on the right.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Cut away his thrusts or cuts like before, and allow your Blade to run through in return, besides your left, and from that, snap over to him a thrust above the hand, pull again around your head and cut him outside through to his right Thigh, thus you come into the Side Guard from there then cut or suppress again away from you.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>The other displacement is Suppressing, which the cutting away is nearly equal, and almost like in the Iron Door.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Going through'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''Item''' Thus when you stand then in the Side Guard, and one thrusts or cuts to you, then drive through with your blade and with his blade, that you strike out from your left to your right, so that the Blade flies around again, besides your right into an over Thrust.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Proceed then as how it is taught and suppress his weapon to the ground with the Long edge from your upper Left, thrust him upwards, to the face and set him off again.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Thus if you are in the Side Guard and he thrusts or cuts to you, take out his weapon with your Flat, and with your arm outstretched so that your weapon cuts around with the Point at his face and runs over shooting around into Left Ox, after this, cut around your head to his Right thigh.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Take out like before, and allow it to Fly around like before, and thrust him to the face.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Take out like before and allow your weapon to drive around your head and then cut him inside to his forward positioned thigh, thus you come again into left changer, if he cuts or thrusts further, then set him off with the long edge, slice in at him through his weapon from your left through the Cross again at his face.</p>
 +
 
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' If you are thus in the Side Guard, and he thrusts then take him out with hanging and allow it to drive around your head and cut him inside to his body from your right.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' If you are in the Side Guard, thus take him out with hanging and thrust over the hand to the face.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Take him out with hanging and threaten to thrust him over the hand, but pull around again and cut outside to his right thigh.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' If you are in this Guard, thus suppress his oncoming thrust or cut, from above onto his weapon, cut or thrust Long after.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Slice with the long edge away from you, and cut in again through the Cross, or do the Flying thrust Long in the After.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>Thus however if one wishes to use handworks on you, then Pull the weapon around your head and cut a Defense strike, through his left, then your weapon comes again correctly into the Changer, or Side Guard, as soon as he drives after, thus meet him with the previously taught work, then with the cuts you provoke him to attack, with this he loses his advantage, and you thus have an example of the previously taught work.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>And it is to be Marked that out of this Guard, four names or verses constitute:</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>Firstly, Going through, Suppressing, Cutting off, hanging, and like techniques,</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>Second, attacking with your defense strike around every displacement,</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>Thirdly, the work stays mostly above the hands.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Let the thrust fly and cut to the Thigh, and cut into the Cross again.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="2" | [[File:MS A.4º.2 73r.jpg|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>'''Changer'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''Item''' Take him out upwards, strongly from your left from under and gather your weapon in the air besides your left into Ox, Instantly step with your left foot around his right side, and throw him a thrust from under and through the Plow, to his right hip.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Take out his incoming thrust with the short edge from the changer strongly, upwards, so that your weapon flies around in the air, into the right Ox, and Instantly throw him a thrust from under through the right plow, to his Groin or forward positioned thigh.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Mark''' If your are in Left Changer, thus take him out with the Flat so that your weapon shoots around over your head, threaten him with the Heart Thrust, Pull and cut from your right through his forward positioned leg and thrust through the left Ox over hand to the Face.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Take him out with the short edge, how it is previously taught, and thrust him from above once to his face, thereupon a Cross Cut in the After.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Take him out, upwards, strongly from you and allow it to quickly drive around the head and cut him outside to his right Thigh, then, a suppressing cut, Long from your right, through his face and on his weapon.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Take him out with the short edge strongly upwards, and cut through from above inside to his hand, and thrust there after, over his hands to the Face.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' If one Thrusts or Cuts to you, thus slice it away with long edge, from your left to your right, cut or thrust in the After to which side you will, yet long from you it is from Below or Above, and set him off quickly again.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' When you stand in Changer, and one will cut or thrust to you thus drive upwards and displace with the Long edge from below and spring well in with the left foot, and Indes grab his Blade with the left reversed hand, under your Blade on his hilt or Pommel, and then thrust him with your pommel on his Joints, thus you take his weapon from his hand.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Ox'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>When you thus stand in Ox, and one thrusts to your left, thus spring out from his thrust, to his left side, and thrust in at the same time with his, and wind the Long edge against his weapon upwards to your left side, as soon as he pulls off his weapon, then cut through with the short edge from under his defense, and thrust him with the Heart Thrust.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="2" | [[File:MS A.4º.2 70r.jpg|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>'''Hanging'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''Item''' If one thrusts to your Chest or Face, so take this out from above with the short edge or Flat from your right, between you and he, out to your left side, so that your point is taken downwards to the Ground, Instantly allow a thrust to run over the hand to his face take out also the cut between he and you, through the Hanging, and thrust like before.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| <p>'''Item''' If one cuts to your feet, then sink the point towards the ground and bar him with the Flat by setting off through the Bastian and thrust him over hand to the face, if one cuts or thrusts to your right thus wind the long edge against his weapon, and suppress his strike to the ground, Cut or thrust in the After.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Pay attention when he would thrust at you from below, where he has his hand outstretched to the thrust, then cut him through to the hand and thrust him to the face.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Will your opponent not Attack'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>Mark when one approaches you in the Left Changer, and you stand in Ox, cut from your right from below, through his left to the face, so that your weapon runs around into the Right Ox, and then thrust him to the face.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Step with the left to him and thrust before him a Failer that goes through and outside to your left shoulder, that your weapon comes into Left Ox, take out with the short edge to your right side, so that your Rappier next comes into Right Ox and thrust him to the face, then cut him outside to the right shoulder.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' If you are standing in Ox, and one will thrust to your right thus step with the left foot out from his strike to his right and follow with the right and thrust at the same time as him to the face, shoot forwards with the Irondoor or lift your Hilt above you and Grab both your Blade and his blade, and wind his blade from your right to your left in a wrench Instantly step to his left and cut him through to the face besides your left and thrust him again over hand to the face.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Mark''' When one thrusts to you from below, so step with the left foot to his right side and set his thrust from your left against your right from above, between you and he, through to the Bastian, step and thrust him under his weapon into the Groin.</p>
 +
 
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>Further, when one thrusts from below at you, and you thus are standing in Left Ox, then step with the left foot well onto his right like before, set off his thrust from your left downwards to your right, thus you stand in Right Plow. Thrust him out from the Right Plow upwards to his face, this he must defend, then step and thrust him with reversed hand under his arm to the face, Pull your hilt again to you, and cut through from your left a defense strike to his right shoulder.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' If one thrusts to your face or chest, then strongly take out the thrust from below, besides your left with short edge through to his right, so that your weapon runs around above your head and cut in from the outside to his right shoulder, if he bars your cut, then thrust him quickly over the hands to the face, if he doesn’t bar this thus you come through into Changer, if he thrusts further to you, then wind the Hilt upwards and take out his thrust with the Flat through the Hanging, and thrust him over the hands, to the face.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="2" | [[File:MS A.4º.2 77r.jpg|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>'''Mark''' When one thrusts at you from above, thus wind your hilt above you into left ox, set off his thrust upwards, and when they connect, then thrust him inside to the face, Instantly allow your point to sink towards the Ground, and allow the Blade where by, to run through to your left, thrust over the hands to his face Pull your hilt upwards so that the Blade runs off besides your right, and cut outside from your left through his right shoulder thus you shoot into the Right Changer.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Set off his thrust how you were taught above, remain then in the Bind on his Blade and Wind your Blade above you against his travels, out to your left side, instantly have your Hilt above you and cut from your right inside through to his right shoulder thus you come into the Left changer, if he thrusts further at you, then spring with the left foot well to his right side and thrust in from your Changer likewise with him, work further to him with the Iron Door.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="2" | [[File:MS A.4º.2 78r.jpg|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Displace His thrusts like before, have your hilt above you in the Left Ox, and take him out, with the short edge from your left through his right so that you correctly fly around your head into the Right Ox cut Instantly a Third strike, downwards, through his left foot from your right, so that your weapon shoots into left Ox, take him out with the short edge, downwards from your left Ox, so that your weapon shoots through in running around again, into Right Ox, allow quickly the Right Ox, to run through, with this taking out besides your left, and thrust through than by a double, done over hand, come into the Iron Door.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| <p>If overall, he would not Thrust, then when you stand in Right Plow thus step with your left foot to him and thrust through to the outside of your left shoulder, so that your weapon comes into the left Ox, step with your right well to his right, and thrust him outside of his right arm Line Pull around your head, and cut him through his face, thus you come into the left Changer from there take him out with the short edge.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Three Ongoing Thrusts from the Left Plow from one side'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>Thus if one approaches you in the Iron Door or also in the Left Plow, then thrust the first from the plow outside of his right arm Line so that your point on the Right now runs off besides your left through into left Ox, thrust through from there quickly through your left Ox, inwards to his chest, allow instantly again the Point to run off downwards and then through besides your left, and thrust the third from your left over your hand to the face, these three thrusts happen as one runs into the next, from one thrust.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>If one thrusts to you from above, wind off his thrust, upwards against your right into the Ox, step and thrust him outside and over his right arm Line, to the face and in this thrust, then drive with your left hand from below.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:MS A.4º.2 79v.jpg|1|lbl=79v}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| rowspan="2" | [[File:MS A.4º.2 80r.jpg|400px|center]]
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:MS A.4º.2 79v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| <p><br/><br/>...Suppress upon from above, step and thrust on his Blade above it, to the face, if he defends the thrust and drives high with his displacement, then thrust him above, on the Right Line if he displaces yet again the thrust, thus jerk your Hilt upwards and thrust over the hands, from above over his displacement Line, and cut him to the right Leg.</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:MS A.4º.2 79v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Cutting off'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''Item''' Suppress his oncoming strike or thrust from above, suppress like before, but in this suppressing, thus allow your blade to rest, cross wise on his Blade besides you, then in a flight, thrust or cut him again from the same side Line.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' If you are in the Iron Door, and one will thrust outside to your right arm, thus take this with the short edge downwards and out to your right side out so that the Blade runs over, besides your right at the same time, into the right Ox, Indes also takes others out through a Running off from your right to your left, and thrust this same with quickness over the hand together with a step to him.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' If one approaches you in the Iron Door, then thrust him from the right Plow, inside his blade from under jointly, to the face, Instantly have your hilt above you and mutate the under into an Overthrust, cut in with a step to the next opening.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''A Deceiving'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''Mark''' If one allows you to bind first on his Blade from your right, thus thrust his face from under and to the inside, over the hands.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' If one thrusts to your right, thus suppress from your left against your right, thus you have come into the Right Plow. Thrust him from the Plow upwards to the face, this he must defend, cut quickly in Indes, an undercut from your right through his left and thrust him over the hands to his face.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' If one approaches you in the Iron Door and has bound on with you, then thrust in on his weapon upwards to the face with a running in, Instantly allow your weapon to run around besides your left and grab with the left hand in the middle of your Blade and thrust him to the stomach.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Changing Thrusts and Mutating'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>If you stand in the Iron Door and so does your opponent, then thrust him outside and over his right arm, above the hand Line, and in this thrust, allow your Hilt to be well High, as soon as he wishes to defend against your thrust, thus allow your point to sink downwards, above your hand, and thrust under your arm quickly to the sky if he however travels, then thrust in again over the arm to the face, thus reverse the high thrust into a low thrust, and you may change into a cut when you want.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''The Ox and Plow's Merged Thrusts'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''Item''' If you encounter one in the Iron Door, thus thrust him from the Right Plow, inside his Blade from under to his face, instantly have your hilt above and Mutate the Under into and Over thrust, cut to the next opening with a step to.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''A Deceiving'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''Mark''' when you have allowed one to be first in binding on your blade from your right, then thrust him from under, inside to his face, so that the Rappier runs around besides your right, the same as a Looping, but don't do this, instead thrust him again inside to his Body. Pay attention when one drives his point high above you in zufechten, then act as if you may bind with him as soon as your point connects thus step and undercut his blade away with your left arm then thrust upwards and to the Groin, if he pulls his Blade however, thus guard yourself with hanging, and work to to him over the hands or with taking out and cutting after.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Identical Thrusting in traveling after'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''Item''' Thus the both of your stand in the Iron Door, then pay attention as soon as he will go away from his Guard, thus step out from his Thrust and follow quickly with the Point to the body from where he has gone, and thrust on the same line as him.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Traveling After'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>This is a jolly and quick work in Rappier, by as much as he drives his defenses, and holds it somewhat besides his right, as soon as he goes away with the Hilt, thus Thrust him quickly there on the same Line from which he went.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Aftercut from below'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>If you are in the Iron door, and one thrusts to your left, thus suppress him from above, Instantly have the hilt above you into the left Ox and cut quickly with the short edge from below through his face or R. There after thrust through, to a Middlecut above the hands.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' If one thrusts at you, to you right, thus suppress from you to your right, thus you come into the right Plow, thrust him from the Plow upwards to the face, this he must defend, cut instantly and quickly an undercut from you right through his left and thrust him above the hands to the face.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Balgen in Rappier'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>Balgen is an abridgement and the proper Core of both weapons: the Dussack and the Rappier put together, which is so understandable and properly divided and placed, that every one of the four cuts can only be cut long from you. May you well understand and usefully learn from it, whether he even taught a bad school rule, and firstly therein is taught the cuts are orderly placed, to and through the man, how the drawn lines reveal, Next then however; as such cuts are cut at you, and how you shall meet these with displacing and breaking, to the third, when he now also uses such displacing and how you should take up in that, the fourth and last part teaches, of those who run in or under.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' From the dissimilar weapons that when thus he has a Knebel Pike and you only a Dagger or rappier, and how you should run under with cuts and many secret moves therewith you engage your enemy and then you can take his weapon.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''The First Balg Cut'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>Is done thus: stand with the right foot forward and cut from above and below with outstretched arm together and forth, always with the Long edge through the opponent's Left Wrath Line how the figure shows and mark when you will cut from above, thus distort the cut around again, into a strong undercut, upwards through the Forward Line with a full swing, wind then your hand in the air so that the short edge faces to the rear, and the sharp edge against the opponent, thus make a cut after your opportunity.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''The Second'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''Item''' Cut powerfully from your right from above like before, through the left Wrath Line, with outstretched arm so that your weapon comes to the left in the Middle guard, from there a powerful Middle cut through his face Thus you should make Over or Under cuts once or up to six times to his cuts.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''The Third Balg Cut'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>The third is called the Cross through both Wrath lines, cut then powerfully with outstretched arm from you, and such cuts you should always stand with the right foot forwards, and always a Balg Cut, that is an Over/Under cut of the Cross with powerful middle cuts made after.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' Send yourself into the Longpoint to the displacing, if he cuts against your left to the head, thus catch his strike with the long edge and pull then around your head and cut him through to his right arm and thrust him above from your right to his face, if he cuts to your right thus displace and cut his face or through his body.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>If he cuts quickly from both sides through the Cross or thrusts from Both sides, then displace long from you and when he has done One, two, three four strikes, thus cut then with the radt powerfully always after strike for strike through the Cross and Balg cuts how here follows:</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Mark''' If one cuts on you from his right against your left thus cut with a strong overcut from your right thereon and cut nimbly again after from your right through his left where he is, under or above where you can work to him and you are soon again in the displacing.</p>
 +
 
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' If one cuts on you the Crosscuts, strike after strike, thus displace him with outstretched arms, one strike, four or five, and pay attention where he looks further to strike, thus cut in between his Head and weapon on his strong and suppress in with a strike twice, cut then with the Radt Strike and Crosscuts after.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' If he cuts from below, the Middle or from above, thus you come to suppress them all and cut immediately after with the Cross or Balg cuts.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>If one displaces you and will not cut but wait on your cuts, then cut away his displacement from your left, he is from under or uberzwerch, with that he is drawn away to cut immediately after he does this, thus suppress his strike from you with a strong Roof strike on the strong of his blade the third cuts quickly after to the opening.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Rule'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>Note when he does not want to cut at you, then you should also not meet him with the first strike, but rather show as if you intended to strike to him, then when he misjudges, thus translate with this same cut, it is from above or below, suppressing or cutting out. The same displacement, should one quickly cut after.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>However where he is not provoked with a strike to counter, thus cut a Cross through his displacement or two Middle cuts against one another so that his blade is cut away, then must he cut, as soon as he cuts, thus takeout and away his cut with a counter cut, more to his strong thus as soon as you feel that he is soft, thus cut quickly to his body before he recovers, that is under or over.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''A Good Device'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''Mark''' Thus when you must defend in the after, thus to you one comes with a Knebel pike in the air, over you, and you only have a Rappier or other similar single handed weapon, then hold the weapon uberzwerch for your left foot on the earth, if he strikes a powerful diagonal, thus drive upwards with your weapon and spring to him under his strike guard yourself in the spring with the head out from his strike and allow his strike to clash and stay on your weapon and grab quickly with the left hand on his staff, instantly cut nimble to his hands.</p>
 +
 
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' If one thrusts on you and you have your weapon like is above taught, thus drive on and set off the thrust upwards above the head, if he pulls from your displacing and thrusts again, thus wind from above out of the Ox, his other thrust, again around out from and on to your left side with a Great spring to and grab his staff like before, on this lesson, may you defend against a Long Pike, But such a thing is not wise to use, especially against those who will signal their Pullings, where but one is Wrathful and is pressing on you, such techniques are altogether very desirable.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Item''' You may also send yourself in a hurry into the Ox, and from there wind through the hangings, mark however, that you nimbly should rush, to him or under his weapon, than yours has more air than his in the width from you is less, you will beat him, thus if he will then spring and thrust at you, then cutaway his thrust with a strong Wrathstrike, if he defends this, thus spring on to him with your strike.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''From the Cloak'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''Mark''' When to you one would rush, thus wrap your Cloak around your arm if he cuts above at your head, thus drive his strike on your cloak and thrust instantly with his from under, to his stomach, or if you will not thrust to him, thus cut him through his feet, but if he cuts from under, thus fall with your cloak on it and thrust from above to his face, And before you with the cross, you can drive against all four endings of the strikes and thrusts.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>'''Another'''</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>'''Item''' When one cuts or thrusts at you, thus displace his strike with the Rappier and again after he parries, thus fall with your cloak on his Blade and hold onto him there, then cut or thrust in the meantime, nimbly, where you can get him, defend yourself again with the Cross.</p>
 +
|
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" | <p>Item hold you cloak long and when he cuts at you, thus strike with the cape around his blade and spring to him with striking. Thus you yourself will fight.</p>
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
{{master subsection end}}
 +
 
 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = 1 - Contents of the Fencing with the Rapier
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 +
|-
 +
! <p>Figures</p>
 +
! <p>{{rating}}<br/></p>
 +
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/250|1|lbl=Ⅱ.50r.1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Portrait 1.png|400px|center]]
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/250|2|lbl=Ⅱ.50r.2|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/252|1|lbl=Ⅱ.51r.1|p=1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/252|2|lbl=Ⅱ.51r.2|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/253|1|lbl=Ⅱ.51v.1|p=1}}
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
{{master subsection end}}
 +
 
 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = 2 - Of the Divisions of the Mann, and of the Weapon, and of Their Use.
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 +
|-
 +
! <p>Figures</p>
 +
! <p>{{rating}}<br/></p>
 +
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier A.png|400px|center]]
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/253|2|lbl=Ⅱ.51v.2|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/254|1|lbl=Ⅱ.52r.1|p=1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/254|2|lbl=Ⅱ.52r.2}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/254|3|lbl=Ⅱ.52r.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/255|1|lbl=Ⅱ.52v.1|p=1}}
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
{{master subsection end}}
 +
 
 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = 3 - Of the Guards and Stances of the Rapier
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 +
|-
 +
! <p>Figures</p>
 +
! <p>{{rating}}</p>
 +
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/255|2|lbl=Ⅱ.52v.2}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier B.png|400px|center]]
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/257|1|lbl=Ⅱ.53v.1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/257|2|lbl=Ⅱ.53v.2}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/258|1|lbl=Ⅱ.54r.1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier D.png|400px|center]]
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/258|2|lbl=Ⅱ.54r.2}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier C.png|400px|center]]
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/258|3|lbl=Ⅱ.54r.3}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/259|1|lbl=Ⅱ.54v.1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/259|2|lbl=Ⅱ.54v.2}}
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
{{master subsection end}}
 +
 
 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = 4 - Of the Classification of the Four Strikes
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 +
|-
 +
! <p>Figures</p>
 +
! <p>{{rating}}</p>
 +
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier A.png|400px|center]]
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/260|1|lbl=Ⅱ.55r.1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/260|2|lbl=Ⅱ.55r.2}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/260|3|lbl=Ⅱ.55r.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/261|1|lbl=Ⅱ.55v.1|p=1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/261|2|lbl=Ⅱ.55v.2|p=1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/261|3|lbl=Ⅱ.55v.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/262|1|lbl=Ⅱ.56r.1|p=1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/262|3|lbl=Ⅱ.56r.3|p=1}} {{pagetb|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf|263|lbl=Ⅱ.56v|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/264|1|lbl=Ⅱ.57r.1|p=1}}
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier B.png|400px|center]]
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/265|3|lbl=Ⅱ.57v.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/266|1|lbl=Ⅱ.58r.1|p=1}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/266|3|lbl=Ⅱ.58r.3}}
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/266|4|lbl=Ⅱ.58r.4|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/267|1|lbl=Ⅱ.58v.1|p=1}}
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/267|2|lbl=Ⅱ.58v.2|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/268|1|lbl=Ⅱ.59r.1|p=1}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/269|1|lbl=Ⅱ.59v.1}}
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/269|2|lbl=Ⅱ.59v.2|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/270|1|lbl=Ⅱ.60r.1|p=1}}
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/270|3|lbl=Ⅱ.60r.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/271|1|lbl=Ⅱ.60v.1|p=1}}
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier B.png|400px|center]]
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/271|2|lbl=Ⅱ.60v.2}}
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/271|3|lbl=Ⅱ.60v.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/272|1|lbl=Ⅱ.61r.1|p=1}}
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| class="noline" |
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| class="noline" |
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| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/272|2|lbl=Ⅱ.61r.2}}
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|}
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{{master subsection end}}
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 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = 5 - Of Thrusting
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| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 +
|-
 +
! <p>Figures</p>
 +
! <p>{{rating}}</p>
 +
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/272|3|lbl=Ⅱ.61r.3}}
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|-
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| rowspan="2" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier A.png|400px|center]]
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|
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/274|1|lbl=Ⅱ.62r.1}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/274|2|lbl=Ⅱ.62r.2}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/274|3|lbl=Ⅱ.62r.3}}
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|-
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier G.png|400px|center]]
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/275|1|lbl=Ⅱ.62v.1}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/275|2|lbl=Ⅱ.62v.2}}
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|-
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier C.png|400px|center]]
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/277|1|lbl=Ⅱ.63v.1}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/277|2|lbl=Ⅱ.63v.2}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/277|3|lbl=Ⅱ.63v.3}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/278|1|lbl=Ⅱ.64r.1}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/278|2|lbl=Ⅱ.64r.2}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/278|4|lbl=Ⅱ.64r.4}}
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier A.png|400px|center]]
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/278|5|lbl=Ⅱ.64r.5|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/279|1|lbl=Ⅱ.64v.1|p=1}}
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|-
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| class="noline" |
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| class="noline" |
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| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/279|2|lbl=Ⅱ.64v.2}}
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|}
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{{master subsection end}}
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 +
{{master subsection begin
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| title = 6 - A Good Lesson and Rule How One Can Change Strikes into Stabs and Stabs into Strikes
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 +
|-
 +
! <p>Figures</p>
 +
! <p>{{rating}}</p>
 +
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/279|3|lbl=Ⅱ.64v.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/280|1|lbl=Ⅱ.65r.1|p=1}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/280|2|lbl=Ⅱ.65r.2}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/280|3|lbl=Ⅱ.65r.3}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/280|4|lbl=Ⅱ.65r.4}}
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| class="noline" |
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| class="noline" |
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/280|5|lbl=Ⅱ.65r.5|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/281|1|lbl=Ⅱ.65v.1|p=1}}
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{{master subsection end}}
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 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = 7 - Of the Misleading
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 +
|-
 +
! <p>Figures</p>
 +
! <p>{{rating}}</p>
 +
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/281|2|lbl=Ⅱ.65v.2}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/281|3|lbl=Ⅱ.65v.3}}
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/281|4|lbl=Ⅱ.65v.4|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/282|1|lbl=Ⅱ.66r.1|p=1}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/282|2|lbl=Ⅱ.66r.2}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/282|3|lbl=Ⅱ.66r.3}}
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/282|4|lbl=Ⅱ.66r.4|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/283|1|lbl=Ⅱ.66v.1|p=1}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/283|2|lbl=Ⅱ.66v.2}}
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/283|3|lbl=Ⅱ.66v.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/284|1|lbl=Ⅱ.67r.1|p=1}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/284|2|lbl=Ⅱ.67r.2}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/284|3|lbl=Ⅱ.67r.3}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/285|1|lbl=Ⅱ.67v.1}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/285|2|lbl=Ⅱ.67v.2}}
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/285|3|lbl=Ⅱ.67v.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/286|1|lbl=Ⅱ.68r.1|p=1}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/286|2|lbl=Ⅱ.68r.2}}
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/286|3|lbl=Ⅱ.68r.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/287|1|lbl=Ⅱ.68v.1|p=1}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/287|2|lbl=Ⅱ.68v.2|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/288|1|lbl=Ⅱ.69r.1|p=1}}
 +
 
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| [[File:Meyer 1570 Rapier E.png|400px|center]]
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/288|2|lbl=Ⅱ.69r.2}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/290|1|lbl=Ⅱ.70r.1}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/290|2|lbl=Ⅱ.70r.2}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/290|3|lbl=Ⅱ.70r.3}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/291|1|lbl=Ⅱ.70v.1}}
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|-
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| class="noline" |
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| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/291|2|lbl=Ⅱ.70v.2}}
 +
 
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|}
 +
{{master subsection end}}
 +
 
 +
{{master subsection begin
 +
| title = 8 - In This Chapter Will Be Handled Changing, Following After, Staying, Feeling, Twitching, and Winding
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 +
|-
 +
! <p>Figures</p>
 +
! <p>{{rating}}</p>
 +
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/291|3|lbl=Ⅱ.70v.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/292|1|lbl=Ⅱ.71r.1|p=1}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/292|2|lbl=Ⅱ.71r.2}}
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/292|3|lbl=Ⅱ.71r.3|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/293|1|lbl=Ⅱ.71v.1|p=1}}
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| {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/293|2|lbl=Ⅱ.71v.2}}
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{{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/293|4|lbl=Ⅱ.71v.4|p=1}} {{section|Page:Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf/294|1|lbl=Ⅱ.72r.1|p=1}}
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| class="noline" |
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| class="noline" |
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| title = The Second Part of the Fencing in the Rapier
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{| class="master"
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|-
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! <p>Figures</p>
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! <p>{{rating}}</p>
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! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
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| title = Unused 1570 Figures
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{| class="master"
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! <p>Figures</p>
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! <p>{{rating}}</p>
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! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
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| class="noline" | [[File:Meyer 1570 Portrait 3.png|400px|center]]
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{| class="master"
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! <p>Figures</p>
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! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Thomas Carrillo]]</p>
 +
! <p>[[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|Rostock Transcription]]{{edit index|Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
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| <p><br/></p>
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<p>If you want to fence with one hand<br/>Know the twelve cuts<br/>the cuts and thrust right deceive<br/>the thrust with cutting right mutate</p>
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| {{section|Page:MS Var.82 112r.png|1|lbl=112r}}
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| <p>'''12 cuts'''</p>
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{|
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| Wrath Cut&emsp; || Waker&emsp; || Anger Cut
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| Constrainer&emsp; || Danger Cut&emsp; || Winker
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| High Cut&emsp; || Low Cut&emsp; || Plunge Cut
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| Middle Cut&emsp; || Change Cut&emsp; || Foot Cut
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| {{section|Page:MS Var.82 112r.png|2|lbl=-}}
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| <p>'''Wrath Cut'''</p>
  
 
<p>What would be aimed at you<br/>The Wrath cut point beaks</p>
 
<p>What would be aimed at you<br/>The Wrath cut point beaks</p>
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|-  
 
|-  
 
! <p>Figures</p>
 
! <p>Figures</p>
! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Jon Pellett]]</p>
+
! <p>{{rating}}</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}</p>
 
! <p>[[Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meyer)|1570 Transcription]]{{edit index|Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (Joachim Meÿer) 1570.pdf}}</p>
  
Line 5,442: Line 7,093:
 
== Additional Resources ==
 
== Additional Resources ==
  
 +
* [[Olivier Dupuis|Dupuis, Olivier]]. "A new manuscript of Joachim Meyer (1561)". ''Acta Periodica Duellatorum'' '''9'''(1), 2021. {{doi|10.36950/apd-2021-004}}
 
* [[Alex Kiermayer|Kiermayer, Alex]]. ''Joachim Meyers Kunst Des Fechtens. Gründtliche Beschreibung des Fechtens, 1570''. [[Arts of Mars Books]], 2012. ISBN 978-3981162738
 
* [[Alex Kiermayer|Kiermayer, Alex]]. ''Joachim Meyers Kunst Des Fechtens. Gründtliche Beschreibung des Fechtens, 1570''. [[Arts of Mars Books]], 2012. ISBN 978-3981162738
* [[Joachim Meyer|Meyer, Joachim]]. ''Joachim Meyer 1600: Transkription des Fechtbuchs 'Gründtliche Beschreibung der freyen Ritterlichen und Adelichen kunst des Fechtens’''. TAT. [[Wolfgang Landwehr]], 2011. ISBN 978-3932077371
+
* [[Joachim Meyer|Meyer, Joachim]]. ''Joachim Meyer 1600: Transkription des Fechtbuchs 'Gründtliche Beschreibung der freyen Ritterlichen und Adelichen kunst des Fechtens'''. TAT. [[Wolfgang Landwehr]], 2011. ISBN 978-3932077371
 
* [[Joachim Meyer|Meyer, Joachim]]. ''The Art of Combat: A German Martial Arts Treatise of 1570''. Trans. [[Jeffrey L. Forgeng]].
 
* [[Joachim Meyer|Meyer, Joachim]]. ''The Art of Combat: A German Martial Arts Treatise of 1570''. Trans. [[Jeffrey L. Forgeng]].
 
** 1st edition. London: Greenhill Books, 2006. ISBN 978-1-85367-643-7
 
** 1st edition. London: Greenhill Books, 2006. ISBN 978-1-85367-643-7
Line 5,474: Line 7,126:
 
[[Category:Sword and Dagger]]
 
[[Category:Sword and Dagger]]
  
[[Category:Old format]]
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[[Category:New format]]

Latest revision as of 20:38, 17 June 2021

Joachim Meyer
Born ca. 1537
Basel, Germany
Died 24 February 1571 (aged 34)
Schwerin, Germany
Spouse(s) Appolonia Ruhlman
Occupation
Citizenship Strasbourg
Patron
  • Georg Johann Ⅰ
  • Heinrich von Eberst
Movement Freifechter
Influences
Influenced
Genres Fencing manual
Language Early New High German
Notable work(s) Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des
Fechtens
(1570)
Manuscript(s)
First printed
english edition
Forgeng, 2006
Concordance by Michael Chidester
Translations
Signature Joachim Meyer sig.jpg

Joachim Meyer (ca. 1537 - 1571)[1] was a 16th century German Freifechter and fencing master. He was the last major figure in the tradition of the German grand master Johannes Liechtenauer, and in the last years of his life he devised at least three distinct and quite extensive fencing manuals. Meyer's writings incorporate both the traditional Germanic technical syllabus and contemporary systems that he encountered in his travels, including Italian rapier fencing.[2] In addition to his fencing practice, Meyer was a Burgher and a master cutler.[3]

Meyer was born in Basel,[4] where he presumably apprenticed as a cutler. He writes in his books that he traveled widely in his youth, most likely a reference to the traditional Walz that journeyman craftsmen were required to take before being eligible for mastery and membership in a guild. Journeymen were often sent to stand watch and participate in town and city militias (a responsibility that would have been amplified for the warlike cutlers' guild), and Meyer learned a great deal about foreign fencing systems during his travels. It's been speculated by some fencing historians that he trained specifically in the Bolognese school of fencing, but this doesn't stand up to closer analysis.[5]

Records show that by 4 June 1560 he had settled in Strasbourg, where he married Appolonia Ruhlman (Ruelman)[1] and was granted the rank of master cutler. His interests had already moved beyond smithing, however, and in 1561, Meyer petitioned the City Council of Strasbourg for the right to hold a Fechtschule (fencing competition). He would repeat this in 1563, 1566, 1567 and 1568;[6] the 1568 petition is the first extant record in which he identifies himself as a fencing master.

Meyer probably wrote his first manuscript (MS Bibl. 2465) in 1561 for Georg Johann Ⅰ, Count Palatine of Veldenz, and his second (MS A.4º.2) in 1568 for Otto, Count von Sulms, Minzenberg, and Sonnenwaldt.[7] Both of these manuscripts contain a series of lessons on training with long sword, dussack, and rapier; the 1561 also covers dagger, polearms, and armored fencing. His third manuscript (MS Var.82), written between 1563 and 1571 for Heinrich Graf von Eberst, is of a decidedly different nature. Like many fencing manuscripts from the previous century, it is an anthology of treatises by a number of prominent German masters including Sigmund ain Ringeck, pseudo-Peter von Danzig, and Martin Syber, and also includes a brief outline by Meyer himself on a system of rapier fencing based on German Messer teachings.

Finally, on 24 February 1570, Meyer completed an enormous treatise entitled Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens ("A Thorough Description of the Art of Combat"); it was dedicated to Johann Casimir, Count Palatine of the Rhine, and illustrated at the workshop of Tobias Stimmer.[8] It contains all of the weapons of the 1561 manuscript apart from fencing in armor, and dramtically expands his teachings on each.

Unfortunately, Meyer's writing and publication efforts incurred significant debts (about 1300 crowns), which Meyer pledged to repay by Christmas of 1571.[1] Late in 1570, Meyer accepted the position of Fechtmeister to Duke Johann Albrecht of Mecklenburg at his court in Schwerin. There Meyer hoped to sell his book for a better price than was offered locally (30 florins). Meyer sent his books ahead to Schwerin, and left from Strasbourg on 4 January 1571 after receiving his pay. He traveled the 800 miles to Schwerin in the middle of a harsh winter, arriving at the court on 10 February 1571. Two weeks later, on 24 February, Joachim Meyer died. The cause of his death is unknown, possibly disease or pneumonia.[6]

Antoni Rulman, Appolonia’s brother, became her legal guardian after Joachim’s death. On 15 May 1571, he had a letter written by the secretary of the Strasbourg city chamber and sent to the Duke of Mecklenburg stating that Antoni was now the widow Meyer’s guardian; it politely reminded the Duke who Joachim Meyer was, Meyer’s publishing efforts and considerable debt, requested that the Duke send Meyer’s personal affects and his books to Appolonia, and attempted to sell some (if not all) of the books to the Duke.[1]

Appolonia remarried in April 1572 to another cutler named Hans Kuele, bestowing upon him the status of Burgher and Meyer's substantial debts. Joachim Meyer and Hans Kuele are both mentioned in the minutes of Cutlers' Guild archives; Kuele may have made an impression if we can judge that fact by the number of times he is mentioned. It is believed that Appolonia and either her husband or her brother were involved with the second printing of his book in 1600. According to other sources, it was reprinted yet again in 1610 and in 1660.[9][10]

Contents

Treatises

Joachim Meyer's writings are preserved in three manuscripts prepared in the 1560s, the MS A.4º.2 (Lund), the MS Bibl. 2465 (Munich), and the MS Var 82 (Rostock). Dwarfing these works is the massive book he published in 1570 entitled "A Thorough Description of the Free, Chivalric, and Noble Art of Fencing, Showing Various Customary Defenses, Affected and Put Forth with Many Handsome and Useful Drawings". Meyer's writings purport to teach the entire art of fencing, something that he claimed had never been done before, and encompass a wide variety of teachings from disparate sources and traditions. To achieve this goal, Meyer seems to have constructed his treatises as a series of progressive lessons, describing a process for learning to fence rather than merely outlining the underlying theory or listing the techniques. In keeping with this, he illustrates his techniques with depictions of fencers in courtyards using training weapons such as two-handed foils, wooden dussacks, and rapiers with ball tips.

The first part of Meyer's treatise is devoted to the long sword (the sword in two hands), which he presents as the foundational weapon of his system, and this section devotes the most space to fundamentals like stance and footwork. His long sword system draws upon the teachings of Freifechter Andre Paurñfeyndt (via Christian Egenolff's reprint) and Liechtenauer glossators Sigmund ain Ringeck and Lew, as well as using terminology otherwise unique to the brief Recital of Martin Syber. Not content merely to compile these teachings as his contemporary Paulus Hector Mair was doing, Meyer sought to update—even reinvent—them in various ways to fit the martial climate of the late sixteenth century, including adapting many techniques to accommodate the increased momentum of a greatsword and modifying others to use beats with the flat and winding slices in place of thrusts to comply with street-fighting laws in German cities (and the rules of the Fechtschule).

The second part of Meyer's treatises is designed to address new weapons gaining traction in German lands, the dussack and the rapier, and thereby find places for them in the German tradition. His early Lund manuscript presents a more summarized syllabus of techniques for these weapons, while his printed book goes into greater depth and is structured more in the fashion of lesson plans.[11] Meyer's dussack system, designed for the broad proto-sabers that spread into German lands from Eastern Europe in the 16th century,[12] combines the old Messer teachings of Johannes Lecküchner and the dussack teachings of Andre Paurñfeyndt with other unknown systems (some have speculated that they might include early Polish or Hungarian saber systems). His rapier system, designed for the lighter single-hand swords spreading north from Iberian and Italian lands, seems again to be a hybrid creation, integrating both the core teachings of the 15th century Liechtenauer tradition as well as components that are characteristic of the various regional Mediterranean fencing systems (including, perhaps, teachings derived from the treatise of Achille Marozzo). Interestingly, Meyer's rapier teachings in the Rostock seem to represent an attempt to unify these two weapon system, outlining a method for rapier fencing that includes key elements of his dussack teachings; it is unclear why this method did not appear in his book, but given the dates it may be that they represent his last musings on the weapon, written in the time between the completion of his book in 1570 and his death a year later.

The third part of Meyer's treatise only appears in his published book and covers dagger, wrestling, and various pole weapons. His dagger teachings, designed primarily for urban self-defense, seem to be based in part on the writings of Bolognese master Achille Marozzo[13] and the anonymous teachings in Egenolff, but also include much unique content of unknown origin (perhaps the anonymous dagger teachings in his Rostock manuscript). His staff material makes up the bulk of this section, beginning with the short staff, which, like Paurñfeyndt, he uses as a training tool for various pole weapons (and possibly also the greatsword), and then moving on to the halberd before ending with the long staff (representing the pike). As with the dagger, the sources Meyer based his staff teachings on are largely unknown.