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{{infobox medieval text
{{Infobox medieval text
 
 
<!-- --------Name---------->
 
<!-- --------Name---------->
 
| name                  = Die Zettel
 
| name                  = Die Zettel
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<!----------Image---------->
 
<!----------Image---------->
 
| image                = File:Johannes Liechtenauer.png
 
| image                = File:Johannes Liechtenauer.png
| width                = 250px
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| dedicated to          =  
 
| dedicated to          =  
 
| audience              =  
 
| audience              =  
| language              = [[language::Middle High German]]
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| language              = [[language::Early New High German]]
| date                  = Fourteenth century (?)
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| date                  = Fifteenth century (?)
 
| state of existence    =  
 
| state of existence    =  
 
<!----------Manuscript Information---------->
 
<!----------Manuscript Information---------->
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| archetype(s)          = Hypothetical
 
| archetype(s)          = Hypothetical
 
| manuscript(s)        = {{collapsible list
 
| manuscript(s)        = {{collapsible list
  | [[Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|MS 3227a]] (ca. 1400s)
+
  | [[Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|MS 3227a]] (ca. 1400s)
  | [[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|MS Chart.A.558]] (1443)
+
  | [[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|MS Chart.A.558]] (1448)
  | [[Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)|Cod.44.A.8]] (1452)
+
  | [[Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)|Cod.44.A.8]] (1452)
 
  | [[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Thott.290.2º)|MS Thott.290.2º]] (1459)
 
  | [[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Thott.290.2º)|MS Thott.290.2º]] (1459)
  | [[Wolfenbüttel Sketchbook (Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º)|Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º]] (ca. 1465-80)
+
  | [[Wolfenbüttel Picture Book (Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º)|Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º]] (ca. 1465-80)
 
  | [[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (Cgm 1507)|Cgm 1507]] (ca.1470)
 
  | [[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (Cgm 1507)|Cgm 1507]] (ca.1470)
 
  | [[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|MS KK5126]] (1480s)
 
  | [[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|MS KK5126]] (1480s)
  | [[Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)|MS M.I.29]] (1491)
+
  | [[Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)|MS M..29]] (1491)
 
  | [[Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)|MS Dresd.C.487]] (ca. 1504-19)
 
  | [[Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)|MS Dresd.C.487]] (ca. 1504-19)
 
  | [[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|MS Germ.Quart.2020]] (1510-20)
 
  | [[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|MS Germ.Quart.2020]] (1510-20)
 
  | [[Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)|MS 26-232]] (1512)
 
  | [[Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)|MS 26-232]] (1512)
 
  | [[Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cgm 3711)|Cgm 3711]] (1523)
 
  | [[Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cgm 3711)|Cgm 3711]] (1523)
  | [[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Cod.I.6.2º.2]] (1523)
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  | [[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Cod..6.2º.2]] (1523)
 
  | [[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Reichsstadt Nr. 82]] (1553)
 
  | [[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Reichsstadt Nr. 82]] (1553)
 
  | [[Lienhart Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cgm 3712)|Cgm 3712]] (1556)
 
  | [[Lienhart Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cgm 3712)|Cgm 3712]] (1556)
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| below                =  
 
| below                =  
 
}}
 
}}
'''Johannes Liechtenauer''' (Hans Lichtenauer, Lichtnawer) was a [[nationality::German]] [[fencing master]] in the 14th or [[century::15th century]]. No direct record of his life or teachings currently exists, and all that we know of both comes from the writings of other masters and scholars. The only account of his life was written by the anonymous author of the [[Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|Nuremberg Hausbuch]], one of the oldest texts in the tradition, who stated that "Master Liechtenauer learnt and mastered the Art in a thorough and rightful way, but he did not invent and put together this Art (as was just stated). Instead, he traveled and searched many countries with the will of learning and mastering this rightful and true Art." He may have been alive at the time of the creation of the fencing treatise contained in the Nuremberg Hausbuch, as that source is the only one to fail to accompany his name with a blessing for the dead.
+
'''Johannes Liechtenauer''' (Hans Lichtenauer, Lichtnawer) was a [[nationality::German]] [[fencing master]] in the 14th or [[century::15th century]]. No direct record of his life or teachings currently exists, and all that we know of both comes from the writings of other masters and scholars. The only account of his life was written by the anonymous author of the [[Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|Pol Hausbuch]], one of the oldest texts in the tradition, who stated that "Master Liechtenauer learnt and mastered the Art in a thorough and rightful way, but he did not invent and put together this Art (as was just stated). Instead, he traveled and searched many countries with the will of learning and mastering this rightful and true Art." He may have been alive at the time of the creation of the fencing treatise contained in the Pol Hausbuch, as that source is the only one to fail to accompany his name with a blessing for the dead.
  
 
Liechtenauer was described by many later masters as the "high master" or "grand master" of the art, and a long poem called the ''Zettel'' ("Recital") is generally attributed to him by these masters. Later masters in the tradition often wrote extensive [[gloss]]es (commentaries) on this poem, using it to structure their own martial teachings. Liechtenauer's influence on the German fencing tradition as we currently understand it is almost impossible to overstate. The masters on [[Paulus Kal]]'s roll of the [[Fellowship of Liechtenauer]] were responsible for most of the most significant fencing manuals of the 15th century, and Liechtenauer and his teachings were also the focus of the German fencing guilds that arose in the 15th and 16th centuries, including the [[Marxbrüder]] and the [[Veiterfechter]].
 
Liechtenauer was described by many later masters as the "high master" or "grand master" of the art, and a long poem called the ''Zettel'' ("Recital") is generally attributed to him by these masters. Later masters in the tradition often wrote extensive [[gloss]]es (commentaries) on this poem, using it to structure their own martial teachings. Liechtenauer's influence on the German fencing tradition as we currently understand it is almost impossible to overstate. The masters on [[Paulus Kal]]'s roll of the [[Fellowship of Liechtenauer]] were responsible for most of the most significant fencing manuals of the 15th century, and Liechtenauer and his teachings were also the focus of the German fencing guilds that arose in the 15th and 16th centuries, including the [[Marxbrüder]] and the [[Veiterfechter]].
  
Additional facts have sometimes been presumed about Liechtenauer based on often-problematic premises. The Nuremberg Hausbuch, often erroneously dated to 1389 and presumed to be written by a direct student of Liechtenauer's, has been treated as evidence placing Liechtenauer's career in the mid-1300s.<ref>[[Christian Henry Tobler]]. "Chicken and Eggs: Which Master Came First?" ''In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts''. Wheaton, IL: [[Freelance Academy Press]], 2010. p6</ref> However, given that the Nuremberg Hausbuch may date as late as 1494 and the earliest records of the identifiable members of his tradition appear in the early 1400s, it seems more probable that Liechtenauer's career occurred toward the beginning of the 15th century. Ignoring the Nuremberg Hausbuch as being of indeterminate date, the oldest version of the Recital appears in the [[Modus Dimicandi (MS G.B.f.18.a)|MS G.B.f.18.a]], dating to ca. 1418-28 and attributed to an [[H. Beringer]], which both conforms to this timeline and suggests the possibility that Liechtenauer was himself an inheritor of the teaching rather than its original composer (presentations of the Recital that are entirely unattributed exist in other 15th and 16th century manuscripts).
+
Additional facts have sometimes been presumed about Liechtenauer based on often-problematic premises. The Pol Hausbuch, often erroneously dated to 1389 and presumed to be written by a direct student of Liechtenauer's, has been treated as evidence placing Liechtenauer's career in the mid-1300s.<ref>[[Christian Henry Tobler]]. "Chicken and Eggs: Which Master Came First?" ''In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts''. Wheaton, IL: [[Freelance Academy Press]], 2010. p6</ref> However, given that the Pol Hausbuch may date as late as 1494 and the earliest records of the identifiable members of his tradition appear in the mid 1400s, it seems more probable that Liechtenauer's career occurred toward the beginning of the 15th century. Ignoring the Pol Hausbuch as being of indeterminate date, the oldest version of the Recital that is attributed to Liechtenauer was recorded by [[Hans Talhoffer]] in the [[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|MS Chart.A.558]] (ca. 1448), which further supports this timeline.<ref>There is one version of the Recital that predates Talhoffer's, recorded in [[Modus Dimicandi (MS G.B.f.18a)|MS G.B.f.18a]] (ca. 1418-28) and attributed to an [[H. Beringer]]; this also conforms to a 15th century timeline and suggests the possibility that Liechtenauer was himself an inheritor of the teachings contained in the Zettel rather than its original composer (presentations of the Recital that are entirely unattributed exist in other 15th and 16th century manuscripts). Alternatively, the Beringer verse, which includes only portions of the Recital on the Long Sword, may represent just one of the teachings that Liechtenauer received and compiled over the course of the journeys described in 3227a.</ref>
  
 
== Treatise ==
 
== Treatise ==
  
Liechtenauer's teachings are preserved in a brief poem of rhyming couplets called the ''Zettel'' ("Recital"). These "secret and hidden words" were intentionally cryptic, probably to prevent the uninitiated from learning the techniques they represented; they also seem to have offered a system of mnemonic devices to those who understood their significance. The Recital was treated as the core of the Art by his students, and masters such as [[Sigmund ain Ringeck]], [[Peter von Danzig zum Ingolstadt]], and [[Jud Lew]] wrote extensive [[gloss]]es that sought to clarify and expand upon these teachings.
+
Liechtenauer's teachings are preserved in a long poem of rhyming couplets called the ''Zettel'' ("Recital"), covering fencing with the "long" or extended sword (i.e. with both hands at one end of the sword), the "short" or withdrawn sword (i.e. with one hand at either end), and on horseback. These "obscure and cryptic words" were designed to prevent the uninitiated from learning the techniques they represented; they also seem to have offered a system of mnemonic devices to those who understood their significance. The Recital was treated as the core of the Art by his students, and masters such as [[Sigmund ain Ringeck]], [[Peter von Danzig zum Ingolstadt]], and [[Lew]] wrote extensive [[gloss]]es that sought to clarify and expand upon these teachings.
  
Seventenn manuscripts contain a presentation of at least one section of the Recital as a distinct (unglossed) section; there are dozens more presentations of the verse as part of one of the several glosses. The longest version of the Recital by far is found in the gloss from the [[Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|Nuremberg Hausbuch]], which contains almost twice as many verses as any other. However, given that the additional verses tend to either consist of repetitions from elsewhere in the Recital or use a very different style from Liechtenauer's work, they are generally treated as additions by the anonymous author or his instructor rather than being part of the standard Recital. The other surviving versions of the Recital from all periods show a high degree of consistency in both content and organization, excepting only the version attributed to Beringer (which is also included in the writings of [[Hans Folz]]).
+
In addition to the verses on mounted fencing, several treatises in the Liechtenauer tradition include a group of twenty-six "figures" (''figuren'')—phrases that are shorter than Liechtenauer's couplets and often arranged into the format of a Medieval tree diagram. These figures seem to encode the same teachings as the verses of the mounted fencing, and both are quoted in the mounted glosses. However, figures follow a very different structure than the Zettel does, and seem to present an alternative sequence for studying Liechtneauer's techniques. It is not known why the mounted fencing is the only section of the Recital to receive figures in addition to verse.
  
The following concordance tables include only those texts that quote Liechtenauer's Recital in an unglossed form.<ref>A fragment of the short sword is often given as a preamble to the [[short sword]] teachings of [[Martin Huntfeltz]], and the figures for the [[gloss]] of [[Jud Lew]], but those instances will not be included below and instead treated as part of said treatises.</ref> Most manuscripts present the Recital as prose, and those have had the text separated out into the original verses to offer a consistent view. For ease of use, this page breaks the general Wiktenauer rule that column format remain consistent across all tables on a page; the sheer number of Liechtenauer sources made this convention entirely unworkable, so instead the long sword table uses one layout, the mounted and short sword tables use another, and the figures use a third.
+
Seventeen manuscripts contain a presentation of at least one section of the Recital as a distinct (unglossed) section; there are dozens more presentations of the verse as part of one of the several glosses. The longest version of the Recital by far is actually found in one of these glosses, that of the [[Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|Pol Hausbuch]], which contains almost twice as many verses as any other; however, given that the additional verses tend to either consist of repetitions from elsewhere in the Recital or use a very different style from Liechtenauer's work, they are generally treated as additions by the anonymous author or his instructor rather than being part of the original Recital. The other surviving versions of the Recital from all periods show a high degree of consistency in both content and organization, excepting only that attributed to Beringer (which is also included in the writings of [[Hans Folz]]).
 +
 
 +
The following concordance tables include only those texts that quote Liechtenauer's Recital in an unglossed form.<ref>The figures are often given as a preamble for the [[gloss]] of [[Lew]], and a fragment of the short sword to the teachings of [[Martin Huntsfeld]], but those instances will not be included below and instead treated as part of those treatises.</ref> Most manuscripts present the Recital as prose, and those have had the text separated out into the original verses to offer a consistent view. For ease of use, this page breaks the general Wiktenauer rule that column format remain consistent across all tables on a page; the sheer number of Liechtenauer sources made this convention entirely unworkable, with more columns empty than filled, so instead the long sword table uses one layout, the mounted and short sword tables use another, and the figures use a third.
  
 
{{master begin
 
{{master begin
 
   | title = Long Sword
 
   | title = Long Sword
   | width = 423em
+
   | width = 480em
 
}}
 
}}
 
<section begin="credits"/>
 
<section begin="credits"/>
{| class="floated master"
+
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! style="width:31em;" | <p>{{rating|A|Featured Translation (from the Rome)}}<br/>Rome Version by [[Christian Tobler]]</p>
+
! <p>{{rating|A|Featured Translation (from the Rome)}}<br/>Rome Version by [[Christian Tobler]]</p>
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|Gotha Transcription]] (1443){{edit index|Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|Gotha Transcription]] (1448){{edit index|Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Transcription]] (1452){{edit index|Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Transcription]] (1452){{edit index|Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Thott.290.2º)|Copenhagen Transcription]] (1459){{edit index|Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Thott.290.2º)}}<br/>by [[Dieter Bachmann]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Thott.290.2º)|Copenhagen Transcription]] (1459){{edit index|Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Thott.290.2º)}}<br/>by [[Dieter Bachmann]]</p>
! <p>[[Wolfenbüttel Sketchbook (Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º)|Wolfenbüttel I Transcription]] (ca. 1465-80){{edit index|Wolfenbüttel Sketchbook (Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Wolfenbüttel Picture Book (Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º)|Wolfenbüttel Transcription]] (ca. 1465-80){{edit index|Wolfenbüttel Picture Book (Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (Cgm 1507)|Munich I Transcription]] (ca. 1470){{edit index|Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (Cgm 1507)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (Cgm 1507)|Munich Transcription]] (ca. 1470){{edit index|Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (Cgm 1507)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|Vienna Transcription]] (1480s){{edit index|Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|Vienna Transcription]] (1480s){{edit index|Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)|Dresden Transcription]] (ca. 1504-19){{edit index|Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)|Dresden Transcription]] A (ca. 1504-19){{edit index|Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 +
! <p>[[Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)|Dresden Transcription]] B (ca. 1504-19){{edit index|Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Krakow Transcription]] (1510-20){{edit index|Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)}}<br/>by [[Grzegorz Żabiński]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Krakow Transcription]] (1510-20){{edit index|Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)}}<br/>by [[Grzegorz Żabiński]]</p>
! <p>[[Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cgm 3711)|Munich II Transcription]] (1523){{edit index|Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cgm 3711)}}<br/>by [[Filip Lampart]] and [[Martin Fabian]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cgm 3711)|Munich Transcription]] (1523){{edit index|Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cgm 3711)}}<br/>by [[Filip Lampart]] and [[Martin Fabian]]</p>
! <p>[[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Augsburg I Transcription]] (1523){{edit index|Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Augsburg Transcription]] (1523){{edit index|Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gregor Erhart Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.354)|Glasgow Transcription]] (1533){{edit index|Gregor Erhart Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.354)}}<br/></p>
 
! <p>[[Gregor Erhart Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.354)|Glasgow Transcription]] (1533){{edit index|Gregor Erhart Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.354)}}<br/></p>
! <p>[[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Augsburg II Transcription]] (1553){{edit index|Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)}}<br/>by [[Werner Ueberschär]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Augsburg Transcription]] (1553){{edit index|Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)}}<br/>by [[Werner Ueberschär]]</p>
! <p>[[Maister Liechtenawers Kunstbuech (Cgm 3712)|Munich III Transcription]] (1556){{edit index|Maister Liechtenawers Kunstbuech (Cgm 3712)}}<br/></p><br/>
+
! <p>[[Maister Liechtenawers Kunstbuech (Cgm 3712)|Munich Transcription]] (1556){{edit index|Maister Liechtenawers Kunstbuech (Cgm 3712)}}<br/></p><br/>
! <p>[[Künnst zu fechten vonn dem Lienhartt Sollinger (Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º)|Wolfenbüttel II Transcription]] (ca. 1588){{edit index|Künnst zu fechten vonn dem Lienhartt Sollinger (Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º)}}<br/>by [[Kevin Maurer]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Künnst zu fechten vonn dem Lienhartt Sollinger (Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º)|Wolfenbüttel Transcription]] (ca. 1588){{edit index|Künnst zu fechten vonn dem Lienhartt Sollinger (Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º)}}<br/>by [[Kevin Maurer]]</p>
 
<section end="credits"/>
 
<section end="credits"/>
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <p>{{red|b=1|Here begins the epitome on the knightly art of combat that was composed and created by Johannes Liechtenauer, who was a great master in the art, God have mercy on him;}}</p>
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Here begins the epitome on the knightly art of combat that was composed and created by Johannes Liechtenauer, who was a great master in the art, God have mercy on him;}}<br/><br/></p>
  
 
<p>first with the long sword, then with the lance and sword on horseback, and then with the short sword in armoured combat. Because the art belongs to princes and lords, knights and squires, and they should know and learn this art, he has written of this art in hidden and secret words, so that not everyone will grasp and understand it, as you will find described below. And he has done this on account of frivolous fight masters who mistake the art as trivial, so that such masters will not make his art common or open with people who do not hold the art in respect as is its due.</p>
 
<p>first with the long sword, then with the lance and sword on horseback, and then with the short sword in armoured combat. Because the art belongs to princes and lords, knights and squires, and they should know and learn this art, he has written of this art in hidden and secret words, so that not everyone will grasp and understand it, as you will find described below. And he has done this on account of frivolous fight masters who mistake the art as trivial, so that such masters will not make his art common or open with people who do not hold the art in respect as is its due.</p>
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|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 003v.png|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 004r.png|1|lbl=04r|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 004v.png|1|lbl=04v|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 003v.png|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 004r.png|1|lbl=04r|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 004v.png|1|lbl=04v|p=1}}
 +
|
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 001r.jpg|1|lbl=01r|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 001v.jpg|1|lbl=01v|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 001r.jpg|1|lbl=01r|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 001v.jpg|1|lbl=01v|p=1}}
Line 256: Line 261:
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 003v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|1|lbl=4r|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 003v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|1|lbl=4r|p=1}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 002v.jpg|1|lbl=2v}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 002v.jpg|1|lbl=2v}}
 
| <p><br/><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/><br/></p>
  
Line 265: Line 270:
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 104v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 104v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 004v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 004v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 001v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 001v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 43r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 43r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
Line 295: Line 301:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 018v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 018v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 002v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 002v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 305: Line 311:
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 004v.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005r.png|1|lbl=05r|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 004v.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005r.png|1|lbl=05r|p=1}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 055v.png|3|lbl=55v|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056r.png|1|lbl=56r|p=1}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 001v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 001v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
  
Line 338: Line 347:
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
{{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 002v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
+
{{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 002v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 349: Line 358:
  
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
<p><br/><br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056r.png|2|lbl=-|p=1}}</p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 380: Line 392:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019r.jpg|1|lbl=19r}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019r.jpg|1|lbl=19r}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 003r.jpg|1|lbl=3r}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 003r.jpg|1|lbl=3r}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 390: Line 402:
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005r.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005v.png|1|lbl=05v|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005r.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005v.png|1|lbl=05v|p=1}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056r.png|3|lbl=-}}
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 002r.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 002v.jpg|1|lbl=02v|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 002r.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 002v.jpg|1|lbl=02v|p=1}}
Line 418: Line 433:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 003r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 003r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 429: Line 444:
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 104v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 104v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056r.png|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 002v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 002v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 43v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 43v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
Line 467: Line 485:
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|6|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|1|lbl=4v|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|6|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|1|lbl=4v|p=1}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 003r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 003r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 479: Line 497:
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005v.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006r.png|1|lbl=06r|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005v.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006r.png|1|lbl=06r|p=1}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056r.png|5|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056v.png|1|lbl=56v|p=1}}
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 002v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003r.jpg|1|lbl=03r|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 002v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003r.jpg|1|lbl=03r|p=1}}
Line 505: Line 526:
 
| <small>52</small>
 
| <small>52</small>
 
| He who thwarts well<br/>&emsp;with springing he endangers the head.
 
| He who thwarts well<br/>&emsp;with springing he endangers the head.
|}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 003v.jpg|1|lbl=3v}}
 
| <p><br/><br/></p>
 
 
{{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º IIIr.png|9|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º IIIv.png|1|lbl=IIIv|p=1}}
 
|
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 104v.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 43v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 42bv.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
|
 
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 015v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
|
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º 048v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
<section end="Twerhaw"/><section begin="Fehler"/>
 
|-
 
|
 
{| class="zettel"
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| <small>53</small>
 
| <small>53</small>
Line 542: Line 542:
 
| Twice further on,<br/>&emsp;step to the left and do not be slow.
 
| Twice further on,<br/>&emsp;step to the left and do not be slow.
 
|}
 
|}
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 003v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º IIIv.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/><br/><br/><br/>{{paget|Page:Cgm 1507|67r|jpg|p=1}}</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 104v.jpg|11|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|1|lbl=105r|p=1}}
+
{{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019r.jpg|4|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019r.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}}
 
|  
 
|  
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006r.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006v.png|1|lbl=06v|p=1}}
+
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}}
 
|  
 
|  
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003r.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003v.jpg|1|lbl=03v|p=1}}
+
{{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 003v.jpg|1|lbl=3v|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Thott.290.003v.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}}
 +
| <p><br/><br/></p>
 +
 
 +
{{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º IIIr.png|9|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º IIIv.png|1|lbl=Ⅲv|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º IIIv.png|2|lbl=-|p=1}}
 +
| <p><br/><br/></p>
 +
 
 +
<p><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/>{{paget|Page:Cgm 1507|67r|jpg|p=1}}</p>
 
|  
 
|  
{{section|Page:Cgm 3711 43v.jpg|6|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44r.jpg|1|lbl=44r|p=1}}
+
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 104v.jpg|10|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS KK5126 104v.jpg|11|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|1|lbl=105r|p=1}}
| {{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 42bv.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
+
|
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006r.png|2|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006r.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006v.png|1|lbl=06v|p=1}}
 +
| <p><br/><br/></p>
 +
 
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056v.png|2|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056v.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}}
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003r.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003r.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003v.jpg|1|lbl=03v|p=1}}
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Cgm 3711 43v.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cgm 3711 43v.jpg|6|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44r.jpg|1|lbl=44r|p=1}}
 +
|  
 +
{{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 42bv.jpg|4|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 42bv.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}}
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 015v.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 015v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}}
 
|  
 
|  
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 015v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
 
|  
 
|  
| {{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º 048v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
+
{{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º 048v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º 048v.jpg|4|lbl=-|p=1}}
<section end="Fehler"/><section begin="Schilhaw"/>
+
<section end="Twerhaw"/><section begin="Schilhaw"/>
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| <p>{{red|b=1|The Squinting Stroke}}</p>
 
| <p>{{red|b=1|The Squinting Stroke}}</p>
Line 584: Line 597:
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
|  
 
|  
{{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 003v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<ref>Talhoffer adds an additional couplet: {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 004r.jpg|1|lbl=4r|p=1}}</ref>
+
{{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 003v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<ref>Talhoffer adds an additional couplet: {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 004r.jpg|1|lbl=4r|p=1}}</ref>
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 591: Line 604:
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056v.png|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
Line 622: Line 638:
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|1|lbl=5r|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|1|lbl=5r|p=1}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 004r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 004r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 632: Line 648:
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006v.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007r.png|1|lbl=07r|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006v.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007r.png|1|lbl=07r|p=1}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056v.png|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
  
Line 656: Line 675:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 004r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 004r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 665: Line 684:
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056v.png|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 004r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 004r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
Line 695: Line 717:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 004r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 004r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 703: Line 725:
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007r.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007v.png|1|lbl=07v|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007r.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007v.png|1|lbl=07v|p=1}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056v.png|7|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 057r.png|1|lbl=57r|p=1}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 004r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 004r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
  
Line 735: Line 760:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|1|lbl=4v}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|1|lbl=4v}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 741: Line 766:
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
{{paget|Page:Cgm 1507|65v|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:Cgm 1507|69r|jpg|p=1}}
+
<br/><br/>{{paget|Page:Cgm 1507|69r|jpg|p=1}}<br/><br/><br/><br/><br/>{{paget|Page:Cgm 1507|65v|jpg|p=1}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 057r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 004v.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005r.jpg|1|lbl=05r|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 004v.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005r.jpg|1|lbl=05r|p=1}}
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 43r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 43r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
|  
 
|  
Line 770: Line 798:
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|1|lbl=5v|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|1|lbl=5v|p=1}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 779: Line 807:
  
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008r.png|1|lbl=08r}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008r.png|1|lbl=08r}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 057r.png|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|1|lbl=44v}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|1|lbl=44v}}
Line 805: Line 836:
 
{{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 812: Line 843:
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 057r.png|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
Line 833: Line 867:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 842: Line 876:
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008r.png|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008r.png|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 057r.png|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005v.jpg|1|lbl=05v}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005v.jpg|1|lbl=05v}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
Line 867: Line 904:
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
|  
 
|  
{{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|1|lbl=5r|p=1}}
+
{{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|1|lbl=5r|p=1}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 874: Line 911:
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008v.png|1|lbl=08v}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008v.png|1|lbl=08v}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
<p><br/><br/><br/><br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 057r.png|6|lbl=-|p=1}}</p>
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
Line 895: Line 935:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 902: Line 942:
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
<p><br/><br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 057r.png|7|lbl=-|p=1}}</p>
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
  
Line 927: Line 970:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 938: Line 981:
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008v.png|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008v.png|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 057r.png|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
Line 958: Line 1,004:
  
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006r.jpg|1|lbl=6r}}
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006r.jpg|1|lbl=6r}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 967: Line 1,013:
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|13|lbl=-}}
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|13|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 009r.png|1|lbl=09r}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 009r.png|1|lbl=09r}}
 +
|
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
Line 988: Line 1,035:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 995: Line 1,042:
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|14|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|14|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 009r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 009r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006v.jpg|1|lbl=06v}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006v.jpg|1|lbl=06v}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
Line 1,023: Line 1,071:
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
|  
 
|  
{{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|6|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 005v.jpg|1|lbl=5v|p=1}}
+
{{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|6|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 005v.jpg|1|lbl=5v|p=1}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 1,034: Line 1,082:
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|15|lbl=-}}
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|15|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 009r.png|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 009r.png|3|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 45r.jpg|1|lbl=45r}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 45r.jpg|1|lbl=45r}}
Line 1,073: Line 1,122:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 005v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 005v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/><br/></p>
  
Line 1,080: Line 1,129:
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|16|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|16|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 009v.png|1|lbl=09v}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 009v.png|1|lbl=09v}}
 +
|
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 007r.jpg|1|lbl=07r|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 007r.jpg|1|lbl=07r|p=1}}
Line 1,091: Line 1,141:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| Thus ends Master Liechtenauer's Art of the Long Sword
+
| class="noline" | Thus ends Master Liechtenauer's Art of the Long Sword
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 005v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
+
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 005v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º IIIv.png|18|lbl=-}}
+
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º IIIv.png|18|lbl=-}}
|  
+
| class="noline" |
|
+
| class="noline" |  
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 007r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| class="noline" |  
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 45r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
+
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 007r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 44r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 45r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
|  
+
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 44r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| {{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º 049v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
+
| class="noline" |  
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º 049v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
  
 
|}
 
|}
 
{{master end}}
 
{{master end}}
 
 
{{master begin
 
{{master begin
 
   | title = Mounted Fencing
 
   | title = Mounted Fencing
   | width = 283em
+
   | width = 300em
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="floated master"
+
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! style="width:31em;" | <p>{{rating|A}}<br/>Rome Version by [[Christian Tobler]]</p>
+
! <p>{{rating|A}}<br/>Rome Version by [[Christian Tobler]]</p>
! <p>[[Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|Nuremberg Transcription]] (1400s){{edit index|Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|Nuremberg Transcription]] (1400s){{edit index|Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|Gotha Transcription]] (1443){{edit index|Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|Gotha Transcription]] (1448){{edit index|Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Transcription]] (1452){{edit index|Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Transcription]] (1452){{edit index|Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|Vienna Transcription I]] (1480s){{edit index|Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|Vienna Transcription]] (1480s){{edit index|Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)|Salzburg Transcription]] (1491){{edit index|Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)|Salzburg Transcription]] (1491){{edit index|Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Krakow Transcription]] (1510-20){{edit index|Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)}}<br/>by [[Per Magnus Haaland]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Krakow Transcription]] (1510-20){{edit index|Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)}}<br/>by [[Per Magnus Haaland]]</p>
! <p>[[Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)|Vienna Transcription II]] (1512){{edit index|Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)|Vienna Transcription]] (1512){{edit index|Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Augsburg Transcription II]] (1553){{edit index|Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)}}<br/></p>
+
! <p>[[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Augsburg Transcription]] (1553){{edit index|Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)}}<br/>by [[Werner Ueberschär]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|Rostock Transcription]] (1570-71){{edit index|Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|Rostock Transcription]] (1570-71){{edit index|Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
  
Line 1,136: Line 1,186:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017r.jpg|4|lbl=017r}}
+
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017r.jpg|4|lbl=17r}}
 
|  
 
|  
  
Line 1,192: Line 1,242:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| <small>4</small>
 
| <small>4</small>
| Grasp to his right<br/>&emsp;thus you catch him without weapons work
+
| Grasp to his right<br/>&emsp;Thus you catch him without weapons work
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
Line 1,198: Line 1,248:
 
| The fighting of lance-thrusting<br/>&emsp;Learn to counter calmly without haste
 
| The fighting of lance-thrusting<br/>&emsp;Learn to counter calmly without haste
  
|-  
+
|}
| &nbsp;
+
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 53r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 021av.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006v.jpg|1|lbl=06v}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|1|lbl=105v}}
 +
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 163r.jpg|1|lbl=163r}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
|
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
|  
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| {{paget|Page:MS 3227a|53v|jpg}}
 
+
|
|-
+
|
| &nbsp;
+
|
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
|
 +
|
 +
|  
 +
|  
 +
|  
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
|  
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
{| class="zettel"
 
 
|-
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
 
 
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| <small>6</small>
 
| <small>6</small>
Line 1,229: Line 1,285:
 
| <small>8</small>
 
| <small>8</small>
 
| And remember: learn well to strongly defend<br/>&emsp;In all meetings, press him without danger
 
| And remember: learn well to strongly defend<br/>&emsp;In all meetings, press him without danger
 +
 +
|}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 55r.jpg|1|lbl=55r}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 021av.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 163r.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 163v.jpg|1|lbl=163v|p=1}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017v.jpg|1|lbl=17v}}
 +
|
  
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
{| class="zettel"
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| <small>9</small>
 
| <small>9</small>
| plant upon without danger<br/>&emsp;Who grazes, hang to him to the hair
+
| Plant upon without danger<br/>&emsp;Who grazes, hang to him to the hair
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| <small>10</small>
 
| <small>10</small>
| If you want to calmly<br/>&emsp;charge long, this troubles greatly
+
| If you want to calmly<br/>&emsp;Charge long, this troubles greatly
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
Line 1,248: Line 1,319:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| <small>13</small>
 
| <small>13</small>
| Be mindful of the openings<br/>&emsp;search for the Messer, do not tend to the pommel
+
| Be mindful of the openings<br/>&emsp;Search for the Messer, do not tend to the pommel
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
Line 1,258: Line 1,329:
 
| Learn two strokes<br/>&emsp;With the empty hand against the weapon
 
| Learn two strokes<br/>&emsp;With the empty hand against the weapon
  
|-  
+
|}
| &nbsp;
+
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 55r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 021av.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 163v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
|  
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
|  
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 55r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
|  
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 55r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
|  
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 55r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
|  
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
{| class="zettel"
 
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>15</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| The Sheep Grip fends off<br/>&emsp;Him who turns to you with wrestling.
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>16</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| While under the eyes<br/>&emsp;Grasp him truly with flying
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>17</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| Who attacks you<br/>&emsp;While riding towards you will be felled
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>18</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| Hanging to the ground<br/>&emsp;Grasp over against him truly with conduct
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>19</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| To both sides<br/>&emsp;You should learn to ride against him
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 57v.jpg|1|lbl=57v}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 021av.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 163v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 164r.jpg|1|lbl=164r|p=1}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
|
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
|  
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
{| class="zettel"
 +
|-
 +
| <small>20</small>
 +
| If you want to ride<br/>&emsp;The horse run to the other side
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>21</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| Defend strongly<br/>&emsp;Plant upon him threaten him with this
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>22</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| Who defends against that<br/>&emsp;Grasp his sword from afar, get to the handle
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>23</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| Or turn around<br/>&emsp;To calmly charge for the weapon
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>24</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| With all skill<br/>&emsp;He who charges acts to his advantage
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>15</small>
+
| <small>25</small>
| The Sheep Grip fends off<br/>&emsp;him who turns to you with wrestling.
+
| If you have charged past him<br/>&emsp;And unintentionally charge to the left
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>16</small>
+
| <small>26</small>
| While under the eyes<br/>&emsp;Grasp him truly with flying
+
| Follow his sword upwards<br/>&emsp;And wrestle, push also hard
  
|-  
+
|}
| <small>17</small>
+
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 58r.jpg|1|lbl=58r}}
| Who attacks you<br/>&emsp;While riding towards you will be felled
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 021av.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006v.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007r.jpg|1|lbl=07r|p=1}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 164r.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 164v.jpg|1|lbl=164v|p=1}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
|  
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>18</small>
+
|  
| Hanging to the ground<br/>&emsp;Grasp over against him truly with conduct
+
{| class="zettel"
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>19</small>
+
| <small>27</small>
| To both sides<br/>&emsp;You should learn to ride against him
+
| If one charges on the right<br/>&emsp;Stop; turn around; tend to the fight
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>28</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| With the arm catch<br/>&emsp;Thus he cannot manage to harm you
  
|-  
+
|}
| <small>20</small>
+
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 58v.jpg|1|lbl=58v}}
| If you want to ride<br/>&emsp;The horse run to the other side
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 021av.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 164v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
|
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>21</small>
+
|  
| Defend strongly<br/>&emsp;Plant upon him threaten him with this
+
{| class="zettel"
 
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>22</small>
+
| <small>29</small>
| Who defends against that<br/>&emsp;Grasp his sword from afar, get to the handle
+
| The messer take<br/>&emsp;Hold, learn to shame him
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>23</small>
+
| <small>30</small>
| Or turn around<br/>&emsp;To calmly charge for the weapon
+
| The Unnamed<br/>&emsp;Against the strong to turn
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>24</small>
+
| <small>31</small>
| With all skill<br/>&emsp;He who charges acts to his advantage
+
| Their strike, their thrust<br/>&emsp;Is being defeated without any fencing
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 58v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 021av.jpg|8|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 022r.jpg|1|lbl=22r|p=1}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 164v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 +
|
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>25</small>
+
|
| If you have charged past him<br/>&emsp;And unintentionally charge to the left
+
{| class="zettel"
 +
|-
 +
| <small>32</small>
 +
| If you want to grasp<br/>&emsp;You should not fail to ride beside him
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>26</small>
+
| <small>33</small>
| Follow his sword upwards<br/>&emsp;And wrestle, push also hard
+
| The Sun Pointer<br/>&emsp;Take the left sleeve if you want to bend
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>27</small>
+
| <small>34</small>
| If one charges on the right<br/>&emsp;Stop; turn around; tend to the fight
+
| Touch the forehead<br/>&emsp;Against the nape of the neck press very hard
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>28</small>
+
| <small>35</small>
| With the arm catch<br/>&emsp;Thus he cannot manage to harm you
+
| So that he sways<br/>&emsp;And rarely makes it up again.
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>36</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| Who attacks you with that<br/>&emsp;Grasp over against him and he will be shamed
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>29</small>
+
| <small>37</small>
| The messer take<br/>&emsp;Hold, learn to shame him
+
| Press the arm to the head<br/>&emsp;This grip often robs the saddle
  
|-  
+
|}
| <small>30</small>
+
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 59r.jpg|1|lbl=59r}}
| The Unnamed<br/>&emsp;Against the strong to turn
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 022r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 164v.jpg|4|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165r.jpg|1|lbl=165r|p=1}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|1|lbl=18r}}
 +
|  
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>31</small>
+
| class="noline" |
| Their strike, their thrust<br/>&emsp;Is being defeated without any fencing
+
{| class="zettel"
 
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>32</small>
+
| <small>38</small>
| If you want to grasp<br/>&emsp;you should not fail to ride beside him
+
| If you want to retain yourself<br/>&emsp;From seizing
 
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>33</small>
+
| <small>39</small>
| The Sun Pointer<br/>&emsp;Take the left sleeve if you want to bend
+
| Then take him into custody without wrestling<br/>&emsp;Without any rope
 
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>34</small>
+
| <small>40</small>
| touch the forehead<br/>&emsp;Against the nape of the neck press very hard
+
| The Before Grip remember<br/>&emsp;This indeed breaks his strength
 +
|}
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS 3227a 59r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 022r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| class="noline" |
  
 +
|}
 +
{{master end}}
 +
 +
{{master begin
 +
  | title = Short Sword
 +
  | width = 300em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>35</small>
+
! <p>{{rating|A}}<br/>Rome Version by [[Christian Tobler]]</p>
| So that he sways<br/>&emsp;And rarely makes it up again.
+
! <p>[[Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|Nuremberg Transcription]] (1400s){{edit index|Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 +
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|Gotha Transcription]] (1448){{edit index|Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 +
! <p>[[Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Transcription]] (1452){{edit index|Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 +
! <p>[[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|Vienna Ⅰ Transcription]] (1480s){{edit index|Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 +
! <p>[[Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)|Salzburg Transcription]] (1491){{edit index|Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 +
! <p>[[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Krakow Transcription]] (1510-20){{edit index|Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 +
! <p>[[Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)|Vienna Ⅱ Transcription]] (1512){{edit index|Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 +
! <p>[[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Augsburg Ⅱ Transcription]] (1553){{edit index|Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)}}<br/>by [[Werner Ueberschär]]</p>
 +
! <p>[[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|Rostock Transcription]] (1570-71){{edit index|Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>36</small>
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Here begins the Art with the Short Sword in Dueling, of Master Johannes Liechtenauer, God have mercy on him,}}</p>
| Who attacks you with that<br/>&emsp;Grasp over against him and he will be shamed
 
  
|-
+
<p><br/></p>
| <small>37</small>
 
| Press the arm to the head<br/>&emsp;This grip often robs the saddle
 
  
 +
{| class="zettel"
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>38</small>
+
| <small>1</small>
| If you want to retain yourself<br/>&emsp;from seizing
+
| Who dismounts<br/>&emsp;Fighting on foot begins
 
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>39</small>
+
| <small>2</small>
| then take him into custody without wrestling<br/>&emsp;without any rope
+
| This do with the spear<br/>&emsp;Two positions to begin truly
 
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>40</small>
+
| <small>3</small>
| The Before Grip remember<br/>&emsp;This indeed breaks his strength
+
| Spear and point<br/>&emsp;Thrust the initial thrust without fear
 +
|-
 +
| <small>4</small>
 +
| Spring, wind set truly upon<br/>&emsp;If he defends pull, that will defeat him
 +
|-
 +
| <small>5</small>
 +
| If you want to thrust before<br/>&emsp;With pulling learn to break his defense
 +
|-
 +
| <small>6</small>
 +
| Note if he wants to pull back<br/>&emsp;From harm and flee
 +
|-
 +
| <small>7</small>
 +
| Then approach him<br/>&emsp;To surely attend to grasp
 +
|}
 +
| <p><br/><br/></p>
 +
 
 +
<p><br/></p>
  
|}
+
{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|60r|jpg|p=1}}
|
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 048v.jpg|1|lbl=48v}}
{{section|Page:MS 3227a 53r.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|55r|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|57v|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|58r|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|58v|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|59r|jpg|p=1}}
+
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008v.jpg|1|lbl=08v}}
|  
+
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|10|lbl=105v}}
{{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 021av.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{paget|Page:MS Chart.A.558|022r|jpg|p=1}}
 
|  
 
{{paget|Page:Cod.44.A.8|006v|jpg|p=1}} {{paget|Page:Cod.44.A.8|007r|jpg|p=1}}
 
 
|  
 
|  
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|1|lbl=105v}}
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
{{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|199r|jpg|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 199v.jpg|1|lbl=199v|p=1}}
 
|  
 
|  
{{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|163r|jpg|p=1}} {{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|163v|jpg|p=1}} {{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|164r|jpg|p=1}} {{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|164v|jpg|p=1}} {{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|165r|jpg|p=1}}
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|15|lbl=18v|p=1}} {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 019r.jpg|1|lbl=19r|p=1}}
 
|  
 
|  
{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017r.jpg|5|lbl=17r}}
 
  
{{paget|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82|017v|jpg|lbl=17v}}
+
|-
 +
| <p>{{red|b=1|This is the wrestling in dueling}}</p>
  
{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|1|lbl=18r}}
+
{| class="zettel"
 
+
|-
{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| <small>8</small>
 +
| If you want to wrestle<br/>&emsp;learn to spring correctly behind the leg
 +
|-
 +
| <small>9</small>
 +
| A bar shoot forth<br/>&emsp;That skillfully locks the leg
 +
|-
 +
| <small>10</small>
 +
| From both sides<br/>&emsp;If you want to skillfully end
 +
|}
 +
| {{paget|Page:MS 3227a|61v|jpg}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 
 +
{{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 048v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|11|lbl=105v}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS M.I.29 129r.jpg|1|lbl=129r}}
 
|  
 
|  
 +
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 199v.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 200r.jpg|1|lbl=200r|p=1}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS 26-232 100v.png|4|lbl=100v}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 019r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
  
|}
+
{{section|Page:MS Var.82 074v.png|2|lbl=74v|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Var.82 075r.png|1|lbl=75r|p=1}}
{{master end}}
 
  
{{master begin
 
  | title = Short Sword
 
  | width = 283em
 
}}
 
{| class="floated master"
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
! style="width:31em;" | <p>{{rating|A}}<br/>Rome Version by [[Christian Tobler]]</p>
+
|  
! <p>[[Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|Nuremberg Transcription]] (1400s){{edit index|Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|Gotha Transcription]] (1443){{edit index|Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Transcription]] (1452){{edit index|Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|Vienna Transcription I]] (1480s){{edit index|Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)|Salzburg Transcription]] (1491){{edit index|Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Krakow Transcription]] (1510-20){{edit index|Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)}}<br/></p>
 
! <p>[[Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)|Vienna Transcription II]] (1512){{edit index|Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Augsburg Transcription II]] (1553){{edit index|Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)}}<br/></p>
 
! <p>[[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|Rostock Transcription]] (1570-71){{edit index|Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
 
 
|-
 
| <p>{{red|b=1|Here begins the Art with the Short Sword in Dueling, of Master Johannes Liechtenauer, God have mercy on him,}}<br/><br/></p>
 
 
 
 
{| class="zettel"
 
{| class="zettel"
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>1</small>
+
| <small>11</small>
| Who dismounts<br/>&emsp;Fighting on foot begins
+
| If it happens that<br/>&emsp;The sword against the spear is drawn
 +
|-
 +
| <small>12</small>
 +
| Then behold the thrusts.<br/>&emsp;Spring, catch, hasten to him to wrestle
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>2</small>
+
| <small>13</small>
| This do with the spear<br/>&emsp;Two positions to begin truly
+
| Strike long with the left hand<br/>&emsp;Spring wisely and seize him
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>3</small>
+
| <small>14</small>
| Spear and point<br/>&emsp;Thrust the initial thrust without fear
+
| If he wants to draw<br/>&emsp;from the scabbard, grasp and press in
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>4</small>
+
| <small>15</small>
| Spring, wind set truly upon<br/>&emsp;If he defends pull, that will defeat him
+
| So that his openings<br/>&emsp;With the sword point are troubled
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>5</small>
+
| <small>16</small>
| If you want to thrust before<br/>&emsp;With pulling learn to break his defense
+
| Leather and gauntlets<br/>&emsp;Under the eyes seek the openings correctly
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>6</small>
+
| <small>17</small>
| Note if he wants to pull back<br/>&emsp;From harm and flee
+
| The forbidden wrestling<br/>&emsp;surely learn to use
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>7</small>
+
| <small>18</small>
| Then approach him<br/>&emsp;To surely attend to grasp
+
| To lock your foe<br/>&emsp;The strong thereby overcome
|}
+
|-
| <p><br/><br/><br/></p>
+
| <small>19</small>
 
+
| In all teachings<br/>&emsp;Turn the point against the openings
{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|60r|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|53v|jpg|p=1}}
+
|}
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 048v.jpg|1|lbl=48v}}
+
| {{paget|Page:MS 3227a|59v|jpg}}
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008v.jpg|1|lbl=08v}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 048v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|2|lbl=105v}}
+
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
 
|  
 
|  
| {{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|199r|jpg}}
+
{{section|Page:MS M.I.29 129r.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS M.I.29 129v.jpg|1|lbl=129v|p=1}}
 
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 199v.jpg|1|lbl=199v}}
 
|
 
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|15|lbl=18v}}
 
 
 
{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 019r.jpg|1|lbl=19r}}
 
 
|  
 
|  
 +
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 200r.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 200v.jpg|1|lbl=200v|p=1}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS 26-232 100v.png|5|lbl=100v}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 019r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Var.82 075r.png|2|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <p>{{red|b=1|This is the wrestling in dueling}}</p>
+
| class="noline" |  
 
 
 
{| class="zettel"
 
{| class="zettel"
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>8</small>
+
| <small>20</small>
| If you want to wrestle<br/>&emsp;learn to spring correctly behind the leg
+
| When one sees that from the scabbard<br/>&emsp;Both swords are being drawn
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>9</small>
+
| <small>21</small>
| A bar shoot forth<br/>&emsp;That skillfully locks the leg
+
| Then shall one strengthen<br/>&emsp;The protection now truly remember
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>10</small>
+
| <small>22</small>
| From both sides<br/>&emsp;If you want to skillfully end
+
| Before and After, these two things<br/>&emsp;Explore surely, learn also to spring away
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>11</small>
+
| <small>23</small>
| If it happens that<br/>&emsp;The sword against the spear is drawn
+
| Follow in all meetings<br/>&emsp;If you want to fool the strong.
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>12</small>
+
| <small>24</small>
| Then behold the thrusts.<br/>&emsp;Spring, catch, hasten to him to wrestle
+
| If he defends, then pull<br/>&emsp;Thrust, if he defends, move to him
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>13</small>
+
| <small>25</small>
| Strike long with the left hand<br/>&emsp;Spring wisely and seize him
+
| If he fights extended<br/>&emsp;Then be artfully instructed
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>14</small>
+
| <small>26</small>
| If he wants to draw<br/>&emsp;from the scabbard, grasp and press in
+
| If he also attacks strongly<br/>&emsp;The thrusting defeats him
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>15</small>
+
| <small>27</small>
| So that his openings<br/>&emsp;With the sword point are troubled
+
| With his battering point<br/>&emsp;He defends himself—hit without fear
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>16</small>
+
| <small>28</small>
| Leather and gauntlets<br/>&emsp;Under the eyes seek the openings correctly
+
| With both hands<br/>&emsp;Learn to turn your point to the eyes
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>17</small>
+
| <small>29</small>
| The forbidden wrestling<br/>&emsp;surely learn to use
+
| The forward foot<br/>&emsp;With striking you must protect.
|-  
+
|}
| <small>18</small>
+
| class="noline" | {{paget|Page:MS 3227a|60v|jpg}}
| To lock your foe<br/>&emsp;The strong thereby overcome
+
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 048v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008v.jpg|4|lbl=-|p=1}} {{paget|Page:Cod.44.A.8|009r|jpg|1|lbl=09r|p=1}}
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|13|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS KK5126 106r.jpg|1|lbl=106r|p=1}}
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
{{section|Page:MS M.I.29 129v.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS M.I.29 130r.jpg|1|lbl=130r|p=1}}
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 200v.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 201r.jpg|1|lbl=201r|p=1}}
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS 26-232 100v.png|6|lbl=-}}
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 019r.jpg|4|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 019v.jpg|1|lbl=-|p=1}}
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS Var.82 075r.png|3|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
{{master end}}
 +
 
 +
{{master begin
 +
  | title = Figures
 +
  | width = 210em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>19</small>
+
! <p>Images<br/>from the [[Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Version]]</p>
| In all teachings<br/>&emsp;Turn the point against the openings
+
! <p>{{rating|A|Translation (from the Rome)}}<br/>by [[Christian Tobler]]</p>
 +
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|Gotha Transcription]] (1448){{edit index|Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 +
! <p>[[Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Transcription]] (1452){{edit index|Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 +
! <p>[[Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)|Glasgow Transcription]] (1508){{edit index|Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 +
! <p>[[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Krakow Transcription]] (1510-20){{edit index|Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)}}<br/>by [[Per Magnus Haaland]]</p>
 +
! <p>[[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Augsburg Ⅱ Transcription]] (1553){{edit index|Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)}}<br/>by [[Werner Ueberschär]]</p>
 +
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>20</small>
+
| rowspan="15" | [[File:Cod.44.A.8 7v.jpg|300px|center]]
| When one sees that from the scabbard<br/>&emsp;Both swords are being drawn
+
| <p>'''Figures of the Fight on Horseback'''</p>
 +
|  
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|1|lbl=165v}}
 +
|
 +
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>21</small>
+
| <p>{{red|Direct your spear etc, If it falls etc, Strike in, don't pull, etc.}}<br/><br/></p>
| Then shall one strengthen<br/>&emsp;The protection now truly remember
+
 
 +
<p>Gloss: Pull to his left, grasp in his right, so you catch him there without fencing.</p>
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007v.jpg|14|lbl=07v}}
 +
|
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|4|lbl=18r}}
 +
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>22</small>
+
| <p>The 1st Figure: {{red|Charge from the breast to his right hand.}}</p>
| Before and After, these two things<br/>&emsp;Explore surely, learn also to spring away
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 022v.jpg|1|lbl=22v}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007v.jpg|1|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|1|lbl=74r}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>23</small>
+
| <p>{{red|The 2nd Figure:}} Turn around with the horse, pull his right hand with your left.</p>
| Follow in all meetings<br/>&emsp;If you want to fool the strong.
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 022v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>24</small>
+
| <p>The 3rd Figure: {{red|Upon the encounter, take the stirrup-strap or the weapon.}}</p>
| If he defends, then pull<br/>&emsp;Thrust, if he defends, move to him
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 022v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>25</small>
+
| <p>{{red|The 4th Figure:}} Plant upon him high, swing, go through or break the sword.</p>
| If he fights extended<br/>&emsp;Then be artfully instructed
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 022v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>26</small>
+
| <p>The 5th Figure: {{red|The defense precedes all meetings, striking, or thrusting.}}</p>
| If he also attacks strongly<br/>&emsp;The thrusting defeats him
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 022v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>27</small>
+
| <p>{{red|The 6th Figure:}} Take the strong with both hands.</p>
| With his battering point<br/>&emsp;He defends himself—hit without fear
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 022v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>28</small>
+
| <p>The 7th Figure: {{red|Now begin to seek the opponent with the Slapping Stroke.}}</p>
| With both hands<br/>&emsp;Learn to turn your point to the eyes
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 022v.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>29</small>
+
| <p>{{red|The 8th Figure:}} Turn his right hand, set the point to his eyes.</p>
| The forward foot<br/>&emsp;With striking you must protect.
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 022v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
|}
+
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
|  
+
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|61v|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|59v|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|60v|jpg|p=1}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
| <p><br/></p>
+
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
  
{{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 048v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
|-
|  
+
| <p>The 9th Figure: {{red|Who defends against the thrust, grasp his right hand in your left.}}</p>
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008v.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{paget|Page:Cod.44.A.8|009r|jpg|p=1}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 022v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
|  
+
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007v.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|3|lbl=105v|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS KK5126 106r.jpg|1|lbl=106r|p=1}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
|  
+
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
{{paget|Page:MS M.I.29|129r|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:MS M.I.29|129v|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS M.I.29 130r.jpg|1|lbl=130r|p=1}}
+
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 199v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
  
{{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|200r|jpg}}
+
|-
 +
| <p>{{red|The 10th Figure:}} Seek the openings: arms, leather, gauntlets, under the eyes.</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 022v.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007v.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|13|lbl=-}}
  
{{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|200v|jpg}}
+
|-
 +
| <p>The 11th Figure: {{red|Press hard, push from the reins and seek his messer.}}</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 022v.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007v.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|14|lbl=-}}
  
{{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|201r|jpg}}
+
|-
| {{section|Page:MS 26-232 100v.png|4|lbl=100v}}
+
| <p>{{red|The 12th Figure:}} With the empty hand learn two strokes against all weapons.</p>
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 019r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 022v.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007v.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|13|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|15|lbl=-}}
  
{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 019v.jpg|1|lbl=19v}}
+
|-
| <p><br/></p>
+
| <p>The 13th Figure: {{red|The Sheep Grip defends against all wrestling grips under the eyes.}}</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 022v.jpg|13|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007v.jpg|13|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|1|lbl=74v}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|14|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|16|lbl=-}}
  
{{section|Page:MS Var.82 074v.png|2|lbl=74v|p=1}} {{paget|Page:MS Var.82|075r|png|lbl=75r|p=1}}
+
|-
 +
| class="noline" rowspan="14" | [[File:Cod.44.A.8 8r.jpg|300px|center]]
 +
| <p>{{red|The 14th Figure:}} Turn around again to where the horses hasten.</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 023r.jpg|1|lbl=23r}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008r.jpg|1|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|15|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|1|lbl=18v}}
  
|}
+
|-
{{master end}}
+
| <p>The 15th Figure: {{red|Up close, catch the hand, turn over his face to where the nape is.}}</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 023r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|1|lbl=166r}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
  
== temp division ==
+
|-
In addition to the verses on mounted fencing, several treatises in the Liechtenauer tradition include a group of twenty-six "figures" (''figuren'')—single line abbreviations of the longer couplets, generally drawn in circles, which seem to sum up the most important points. The precise reason for the existence of these figures remains unknown, as does the reason why there are no equivalents for the armored fencing or unarmored fencing verses.
+
| <p>{{red|The 16th Figure:}} Catch the weapon from afar while you ride against him.</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 023r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
  
One clue to their significance may be a parallel set of teachings first recorded by [[Andre Paurñfeyndt]] in 1516, called the "Twelve Teachings for the Beginning Fencer".<ref>[[Andre Paurñfeyndt]], et al. [[Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurñfeyndt)|Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey]]. [[Hieronymus Vietor]]: Vienna, 1516.</ref> These teachings are also generally abbreviations of longer passages in the Bloßfechten, and are similarly repeated in many treatises throughout the 16th century. It may be that the figures are a mnemonic that represent the initial stage of mounted fencing instruction, and that the full verse was taught only afterward.
+
|-
 +
| <p>The 17th Figure: {{red|If you charge to the left, then fall to the sword pommel, jab under the eyes.}}</p>
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 023r.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
  
{{master begin
 
  | title = Figures
 
  | width = 196em
 
}}
 
{| class="wikitable floated master"
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
! <p>Images<br/>from the [[Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)|Codex 44.A.8]]</p>
+
| <p>{{red|The 18th Figure:}} Charge to the right side with its skill.</p>
! <p>{{rating|A|Translation (from the Rome)}}<br/>by [[Christian Tobler]]</p>
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 023r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|Gotha Version]] (1443)<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
! <p>[[Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Version]] (1452)<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
! <p>[[Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)|Glasgow Version]] (1508)<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
! <p>[[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Krakow Version]] (1510-20)<br/></p>
+
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
! <p>[[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Augsburg Version II]] (1553)<br/></p>
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| rowspan="14" | [[File:Cod.44.A.8 7v.jpg|300px|center]]
+
| <p>The 19th Figure: {{red|Plant the point upon him to the face.}}</p>
|  
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 023r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
The 1st Figure:
+
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
  
{{red|Charge from the breast to his right hand.}}
+
|-
|  
+
| <p>{{red|The 20th Figure:}} Shatter against all hits that ever happen.</p>
'''[22v]''' [1]
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 023r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008r.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
  
Jag võ der prust zu seiner rechtñ hant
+
|-
|  
+
| <p>The 21st Figure: {{red|The strong in the beginning position yourself therein correctly.}}</p>
'''[7v]''' Die erst figur
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 023r.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008r.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
  
{{red|Jag von der prust zu seiner rechten hand}}
+
|-
|  
+
| <p>{{red|The 22nd Figure:}} He who rushes the spear to the other is met beneath the eyes.</p>
'''[74r]''' {{red|1}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 023r.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008r.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
  
Jag von deiner prust zw seiner rechten handt
+
|-
|  
+
| <p>The 23rd Figure: {{red|The Unnamed Grip takes the weapon or fells him.}}</p>
'''[165v]'''
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 023r.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
|  
+
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008r.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| {{red|The 2nd Figure:}}
+
| <p>{{red|The 24th Figure:}} If an opponent charges you to both sides, turn around left and thus he rightly comes.</p>
Turn around with the horse, pull his right hand with your left.
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 023r.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
| [2]
+
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008r.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
vmbker mit roß sein rechte hant mit deyner lincken
+
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
| {{red|Die ander figur}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
Vmbkere mitt dem Rozz Zewch sein rechte handt mitt deiner lingken
+
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
| {{red|2}}
 
Vmb ker mit dem roß / zeuch sein rechte handt mit deiner lincken
 
|  
 
|  
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| The 3rd Figure:
+
| <p>The 25th Figure: {{red|Be mindful to take and hold the messer.}}</p>
{{red|Upon the encounter, take the stirrup-strap or the weapon.}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 023r.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
| [3]
+
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008r.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
mit stechñ satel In oder ver plent
+
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 075r.jpg|1|lbl=75r}}
| Die dritt figur
+
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
{{red|Mitt strayffen Satel ryem • oder wer nymbe}}
+
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
| {{red|3}}
 
Mit Straÿffen satel riem / oder wer nymbt
 
|  
 
|  
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| {{red|The 4th Figure:}}
+
| <p>{{red|The 26th Figure:}} Grasp over an opponent who falls upon you or ride against him.</p>
Plant upon him high, swing, go through or break the sword.
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 023r.jpg|13|lbl=-}}
| [4]
+
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008r.jpg|13|lbl=-}}
Secz an hoch swenck durch var oder swert pricht
+
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 075r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
| {{red|Die vyerdt figur}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
Setz an hoch swing durch var • oder Swert prich
+
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|13|lbl=-}}
| {{red|4}}
 
Setz an hoch / schwing / durchfar / oder schwert prich
 
|  
 
|  
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| The 5th Figure:
+
| class="noline" | <p>{{red|If you want to grasp, you should not fail to ride beside him. Execute the Sun Pointer to the left sleeve if you want to bend.}}</p>
{{red|The defense precedes all meetings, striking, or thrusting.}}
 
| [5]
 
des schute~ vorgeng allen treffenn hawe~ stechen
 
| Die funfft figur
 
{{red|Daz schuten vorgeñgk allen treffenn hawen vnnd stechen}}
 
| {{red|5}}
 
Das schutten / vor geng allen treffen / hawen stechen
 
|
 
|
 
  
|-
+
<p>Who attacks you with that, grasp over against him and he will be shamed. Press the arm to the head. This grip often robs the saddle.</p>
| {{red|The 6th Figure:}}
+
| class="noline" |  
Take the strong with both hands.
+
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008r.jpg|14|lbl=08r}}
| [6]
+
| class="noline" |
Greiff mit peyde~ henden an dye strick
+
| class="noline" |
| {{red|Die sechst figur}}
+
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|14|lbl=-}}
Greyff an mitt payden henndten die sterck
 
| {{red|6}}
 
Greyff an mit paiden henden die sterck
 
|
 
|
 
  
|-
+
|}
| The 7th Figure:
+
{{master end}}
{{red|Now begin to seek the opponent with the Slapping Stroke.}}
 
| [9]
 
Hye hebt mã den tasche~ hawe czu such
 
| Die sybendt figur
 
{{red|Hie heb an den mañ taschen haw zu suechen}}
 
| {{red|7}}
 
Hie heb an den man taschen haw zw suechen
 
|
 
|
 
  
|-
+
{{master begin
| {{red|The 8th Figure:}}
+
  | title = Copyright and License Summary
Turn his right hand, set the point to his eyes.
+
  | width = 100%;
| [7]
+
}}
Went Im dy recht hant secz dein ort czu seine~ gesicht
+
For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the [[Talk:{{PAGENAME}}|discussion page]].
| {{red|Die Achtt figur}}
 
Wenndt Im die recht hanndt • setze den ortt zu den augen sein
 
| {{red|8}}
 
Went im die recht handt setz dein ortt zw seinem gesicht
 
|
 
|  
 
  
|-
+
<section begin="sourcebox"/>{{sourcebox header}}
| The 9th Figure:
+
{{sourcebox
{{red|Who defends against the thrust, grasp his right hand in your left.}}
+
| work        = Translation
| [8]
+
| authors    = [[Christian Tobler]]
weyl der stich wert den vahe sey~ rechte hant dey~ lincke
+
| source link = http://www.freelanceacademypress.com/insaintgeorgesname.aspx
| Die Newnt figur
+
| source title= ''In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts''
{{red|Wer den stich wertt dem vach sein rechte handt in dein lincken}}
+
| license    = copyrighted
| {{red|9}}
+
}}
Wer den stich went dem vach sein rechte handt in dem glincke /
+
{{sourcebox
|  
+
| work        = [[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|Gotha Transcription]]
|  
+
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
 
+
| source link =
|-
+
| source title= [[Index:Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)]]
| {{red|The 10th Figure:}}
+
| license    = copyrighted
Seek the openings: arms, leather, gauntlets, under the eyes.
+
}}
| [11]
+
{{sourcebox
such dy ploß arm dÿ hant scheuch vnter dÿ auge~
+
| work        = [[Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Transcription]]
| {{red|Die Zechent figur}}
+
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
Suechee die ploss arm leder hanndtschuech vndtir den augen
+
| source link =
| {{red|11}}
+
| source title= [[Index:Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)]]
Suech die plos arm~ leder handt schuech vndter den augen
+
| license    = copyrighted
|  
+
}}
|  
+
{{sourcebox
 
+
| work        = [[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Thott.290.2º)|Copenhagen Transcription]]
|-
+
| authors    = [[Dieter Bachmann]]
| The 11th Figure:
+
| source link =
{{red|Press hard, push from the reins and seek his messer.}}
+
| source title= [[Index:Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Thott.290.2º)]]
| [10]
+
| license    = public domain 0
truck vast stoß von czam vnd such sey~ meßer
+
}}
| Die ayndlifft figur
+
{{sourcebox
{{red|Druck vast stoss von tzawm • sueche sein Messer}}
+
| work        = [[Wolfenbüttel Picture Book (Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º)|Wolfenbüttel Ⅰ Transcription]]
| {{red|10}}
+
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
Drück vast stoß vom zaüm vnd suech sein messer
+
| source link =
|  
+
| source title= [[Index:Wolfenbüttel Picture Book (Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º)]]
|  
+
| license    = copyrighted
 
+
}}
|-
+
{{sourcebox
| {{red|The 12th Figure:}}
+
| work        = [[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS 1825)|Bologna Transcription]]
With the empty hand learn two strokes against all weapons.
+
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
| [12]
+
| source link =
mit lerer hant lere czwen stich gege~ aller wer
+
| source title= [[Index:Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS 1825)]]
| {{red|Die Zwolfft figur}}
+
| license    = copyrighted
Mitt lerer hanndt lere zwen strich gegen aller were
+
}}
| {{red|12}}
+
{{sourcebox
Mit lerer handt lern straich gegen aller were /
+
| work        = [[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (Cgm 1507)|Munich Ⅰ Transcription]]
|  
+
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
|  
+
| source link =
 
+
| source title= [[Index:Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (Cgm 1507)]]
|-
+
| license    = copyrighted
| The 13th Figure:
+
}}
{{red|The Sheep Grip defends against all wrestling grips under the eyes.}}
+
{{sourcebox
| [13]
+
| work        = [[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|Vienna Transcription]]
Der schaff griff weret alle griff rings vnt° augñ
+
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
| Die dreitzechent figur
+
| source link =
{{red|Der schaf grif wertt • alle griff Ringens vndter augenn}}
+
| source title= [[Index:Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)]]
| '''[74v]''' {{red|13}}
+
| license    = copyrighted
Der Schaffgriff werdt alle griff ringes vndter auge~
+
}}
|  
+
{{sourcebox
|  
+
| work        = [[Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)|Dresden Transcription]]
 
+
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
|-
+
| source link =
| {{red|Direct your spear etc, If it falls etc, Strike in, don't pull, etc.}}
+
| source title= [[Index:Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)]]
Pull to his left, grasp in his right, so you catch him there without fencing.
+
| license    = copyrighted
|  
+
}}
| {{red|Dein Sper bericht etc Ob es emphal etc Haw dreyn nichtt Zuckch etcettera}}
+
{{sourcebox
Glosa lingck zu Im ruck • Greyff in sein rechten • so vechst du In ane vechttenn
+
| work        = [[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Krakow Transcription]]
|  
+
| authors    = [[Per Magnus Haaland]], [[Grzegorz Żabiński]]
|  
+
| source link =
|  
+
| source title= [[Index:Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)]]
 
+
| license    = various
|-
+
}}
| rowspan="14" | [[File:Cod.44.A.8 8r.jpg|300px|center]]
+
{{sourcebox
| {{red|The 14th Figure:}}
+
| work        = [[Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cgm 3711)|Munich Ⅱ Transcription]]
Turn around again to where the horses hasten.
+
| authors    = [[Filip Lampart]], [[Martin Fabian]]
| '''[23r]''' [14]
+
| source link =
Anderweyt kere vmb so dy roß hin hurtñ
+
| source title= [[Index:Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cgm 3711)]]
| '''[8r]''' {{red|Die viertzendt figur}}
+
| license    = copyrighted
Anderwayd kere vmb • so die Rozz hynn hurtten
+
}}
| {{red|14}}
+
{{sourcebox
An der weidt ker vmb / so die roß hyn hurttñ /
+
| work        = [[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Augsburg Ⅰ Transcription]]
|  
+
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
|  
+
| source link =
 +
| source title= [[Index:Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)]]
 +
| license    = copyrighted
 +
}}
 +
{{sourcebox
 +
| work        = [[Gregor Erhart Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.354)|Glasgow Transcription]]
 +
| authors    =
 +
| source link =
 +
| source title= [[Index:Gregor Erhart Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.354)]]
 +
| license    =
 +
}}
 +
{{sourcebox
 +
| work        = [[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Augsburg Ⅱ Transcription]]
 +
| authors    = [[Werner Ueberschär]]
 +
| source link =
 +
| source title= [[Index:Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)]]
 +
| license    = noncommercial
 +
}}
 +
{{sourcebox
 +
| work        = [[Maister Liechtenawers Kunstbuech (Cgm 3712)|Munich Ⅲ Transcription]]
 +
| authors    =
 +
| source link =
 +
| source title= [[Index:Maister Liechtenawers Kunstbuech (Cgm 3712)]]
 +
| license    =
 +
}}
 +
{{sourcebox
 +
| work        = [[Künnst zu fechten vonn dem Lienhartt Sollinger (Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º)|Wolfenbüttel Ⅱ Transcription]]
 +
| authors    = [[Kevin Maurer]]
 +
| source link =
 +
| source title= [[Index:Künnst zu fechten vonn dem Lienhartt Sollinger (Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º)]]
 +
| license    = noncommercial
 +
}}
  
|-
+
{{sourcebox
| The 15th Figure:
+
| work        = [[Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|Nuremberg Transcription]]
{{red|Up close, catch the hand, turn over his face to where the nape is.}}
+
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
| [15]
+
| source link =
In der auch so vach dy hant v°ber sein antlicz do der nack ist
+
| source title= [[Index:Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a)]]
| Die funfftzend figur
+
| license    = copyrighted
{{red|In der nech vach die hanndt • verkere sein anttlitz da der nack ist}}
+
}}
| {{red|15}}
+
{{sourcebox
In der nech fach die handt verker sein antlutz do der nacke ist
+
| work        = [[Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)|Salzburg Transcription]]
| '''[166r]'''
+
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
|  
+
| source link =
 
+
| source title= [[Index:Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)]]
|-  
+
| license    = copyrighted
| {{red|The 16th Figure:}}
+
}}
Catch the weapon from afar while you ride against him.
+
{{sourcebox
| [16]
+
| work        = [[Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)|Vienna Transcription Ⅱ]]
dye wer fach in der weyt in dem wider treibñ
+
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
| {{red|Die sechtzechend figur}}
+
| source link =
Die were vach in der weytt • In dem wider Reytten
+
| source title= [[Index:Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)]]
| {{red|16}}
+
| license    = copyrighted
Die weer fach in der weitt in dem wider reÿttñ
+
}}
|
+
{{sourcebox
|
+
| work        = [[Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)|Glasgow Ⅱ Transcription]]
 +
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
 +
| source link =
 +
| source title= [[Index:Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)]]
 +
| license    = copyrighted
 +
}}
 +
{{sourcebox footer}}
  
|-
+
'''Additional translation notes:''' ''In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts'' ©2010 Freelance Academy Press, Inc.<section end="sourcebox"/>
| The 17th Figure:
+
{{master end}}
{{red|If you charge to the left, then fall to the sword pommel, jab under the eyes.}}
 
| [20]
 
Jagstu linck so greiff auff des swertes ploß stoß In vntter augenn
 
| Daz sybentzechend figur
 
{{red|Jagst du lingk so vall auf Swertes Kloss • stoss vndter augenn}}
 
| {{red|18}}
 
Jagstu linck fall aüfs schwertz knopf stos vndter augen
 
|
 
|
 
  
|-
+
== Additional Resources ==
| {{red|The 18th Figure:}}
 
Charge to the right side with its skill.
 
| [19]
 
Jag czu seiner rechte~ hant mit Irenn chunstenn
 
| {{red|Die achttzechendt figur}}
 
Jage Zu der rechtten hanndt mitt Iren Kunsten
 
| {{red|17}}
 
Jag zw der rechtñ handt / mit irñ kunstñ
 
|
 
|
 
  
|-  
+
* [[Hans-Peter Hils|Hils, Hans-Peter]] (in German). ''Meister Johann Liechtenauers Kunst des langen Schwertes''. P. Lang, 1985. ISBN 978-38-204812-9-7
| The 19th Figure:
+
* [[Christian Henry Tobler|Tobler, Christian Henry]]. ''In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts''. Wheaton, IL: [[Freelance Academy Press]], 2010. ISBN 978-0-9825911-1-6
{{red|Plant the point upon him to the face.}}
+
* [[Christian Henry Tobler|Tobler, Christian Henry]]. ''In Service of the Duke: The 15th Century Fighting Treatise of Paulus Kal''. Highland Village, TX: [[Chivalry Bookshelf]], 2006. ISBN 978-1-891448-25-6
| [17]
+
* [[Christian Henry Tobler|Tobler, Christian Henry]]. ''Secrets of German Medieval Swordsmanship''. Highland Village, TX: Chivalry Bookshelf, 2001. ISBN 1-891448-07-2
Secz Im dein ort gege~ dem gesicht
+
* [[Jeffrey Hull|Hull, Jeffrey]], with [[Monika Maziarz|Maziarz, Monika]] and [[Grzegorz Żabiński|Żabiński, Grzegorz]]. ''[http://www.academia.edu/1035644/Knightly_Dueling_the_Fighting_Arts_of_German_Chivalry Knightly Dueling: The Fighting Arts of German Chivalry]''. Boulder, CO: [[Paladin Press]], 2007. ISBN 978-1581606744
| Die Nëwntzechent figur
+
* [[Martin Wierschin|Wierschin, Martin]] (in German). ''Meister Johann Liechtenauers Kunst des Fechtens''. Muunich: C. H. Beck, 1965.
{{red|Setz an den ortt gegen dem gesichtte}}
+
* [[Grzegorz Żabiński|Żabiński, Grzegorz]]. ''The Longsword Teachings of Master Liechtenauer. The Early Sixteenth Century Swordsmanship Comments in the "Goliath" Manuscript.'' Poland: [[Adam Marshall]], 2010. ISBN 978-83-7611-662-4
| {{red|19}}
+
* [[Grzegorz Żabiński|Żabiński, Grzegorz]]. "Unarmored Longsword Combat by Master Liechtenauer via Priest Döbringer." ''Masters of Medieval and Renaissance Martial Arts''. Ed. Jeffrey Hull. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 2008. ISBN 978-1-58160-668-3
Setz an den ortt gegen dem gesicht
+
* ''[http://www.archive.org/details/anzeigerfurkunde01germ Anzeiger für Kunde der deutschen Vorzeit]'' (in German). Nuremberg: [[Germanisches Nationalmuseum|Verlag der Artistisch-literarischen Anstalt des Germanischen Museums]], 1854.
|  
 
|  
 
  
|-
+
== References ==
| {{red|The 20th Figure:}}
 
Shatter against all hits that ever happen.
 
| [18]
 
Schut gege~ allenn treffenn dye ÿmer werdenn
 
| {{red|Die tzwaintzigist figur}}
 
Schutt gegen allen treffen • Diee ymmer werdenn
 
| {{red|20}}
 
Schutt gegen allen treffen die ym~er werdñ
 
|
 
|
 
  
|-
+
{{reflist|2}}
| The 21st Figure:
+
{{DEFAULTSORT:Liechtenauer, Johannes}}
{{red|The strong in the beginning position yourself therein correctly.}}
+
{{Liechtenauer tradition}}
| [23]
+
__FORCETOC__
dÿ strich zum anhebñ dar Inn schick dich recht
 
| Die ain vnd tzwayntzigist figur
 
{{red|Die sterck in dem anheben • Dar Inn dich rechtt schicke}}
 
| {{red|21}}
 
Die stercke in dem an hebñ daryn dich recht schick /
 
|
 
|
 
  
|-
+
[[Category:Masters]]
| {{red|The 22nd Figure:}}
 
He who rushes the spear to the other is met beneath the eyes.
 
| [24]
 
das ist nwe der sper lauff der de~ andñ begege~t vnt° augñ
 
| {{red|Die tzwo vnd tzwaintzigst figur}}
 
Das ist nun der sper lawff • der dem andern begegendt vndter augen
 
| {{red|22}}
 
Das ist nun der sper lauff der dem anderñ begegnet vndter augen /
 
|
 
|
 
  
|-
+
[[Category:German]]
| The 23rd Figure:
 
{{red|The Unnamed Grip takes the weapon or fells him.}}
 
| [21]
 
dye vngnnten griff wer nym oder fell In
 
| Die drey vnd tzwaintzigist figur
 
{{red|Der vngenant griff • wer nymbtt oder velt In}}
 
| {{red|23}}
 
Der vngenant griff weer ny~t oder felt in
 
|
 
|
 
  
|-
+
[[Category:Armored Fencing]]
| {{red|The 24th Figure:}}
+
[[Category:Longsword]]
If an opponent charges you to both sides, turn around left and thus he rightly comes.
+
[[Category:Mounted Fencing]]
| [22]
 
ob mã dich jagt võ peyde~ seÿte~ ker linck vmb so er rech ku~pt
 
| {{red|Die vier vnd tzwaintzigist figur}}
 
ob man dich Jagt zu° bayden seytten kere vmb lingk so er rechtte kumbt
 
| {{red|24}}
 
Ob man dich jagt von paidñ seÿttñ ker vmb linck so er recht kumbt
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|-
 
| The 25th Figure:
 
{{red|Be mindful to take and hold the messer.}}
 
| [25]
 
Der meßer neme~ vnd behaltñ gedenck
 
| Die funff vnd tzwaintzigist figur
 
{{red|Der Mezzer nemenn • vnd behalden gedenck}}
 
| '''[75r]''' {{red|25}}
 
Der messer nemen vnd behalden gedenck
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|-
 
| {{red|The 26th Figure:}}
 
Grasp over an opponent who falls upon you or ride against him.
 
| [26]
 
vber greiff wer dich an velt thue In wider treyben
 
| {{red|Die sechßvndtzwaintzigist figur}}
 
vbergreif wer dich anvelet • oder thue Im wider Reyttens
 
| {{red|26}}
 
Vber greÿff wer dich an felt oder thue im wider reÿttens /
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|-
 
| {{red|If you want to grasp, you should not fail to ride beside him. Execute the Sun Pointer to the left sleeve if you want to bend.}}
 
Who attacks you with that, grasp over against him and he will be shamed. Press the arm to the head. This grip often robs the saddle.
 
|
 
| {{red|Wild du anfazzen neben reittens nit solt du lasen daz sunnen tzaigen lingk ermel treib wildu naygen}}
 
Wer dir daz rembt vbergreifft den der wierd beschämbt druck arm zu haubt der griff offt sattel berawbett
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|}
 
{{master end}}
 
 
 
{{master begin
 
  | title = Copyright and License Summary
 
  | width = 100%;
 
}}
 
For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the [[Talk:{{PAGENAME}}|discussion page]].
 
 
 
<section begin="sourcebox"/>{{sourcebox header}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = Translation
 
| authors    = [[Christian Tobler]]
 
| source link = http://www.freelanceacademypress.com/insaintgeorgesname.aspx
 
| source title= ''In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts''
 
| license    = copyrighted
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|Nuremberg Version]]
 
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
 
| source link = http://www.hammaborg.de/en/transkriptionen/3227a/index.php
 
| source title= Hammaborg Historischer Schwertkampf
 
| license    = copyrighted
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|Gotha Version]]
 
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
 
| source link = http://www.hammaborg.de/en/transkriptionen/talhoffer_gotha_a558/02_liechtenauer.php
 
| source title= Hammaborg Historischer Schwertkampf
 
| license    = copyrighted
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Version]]
 
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
 
| source link = http://www.hammaborg.de/en/transkriptionen/peter_von_danzig/index.php
 
| source title= Hammaborg Historischer Schwertkampf
 
| license    = copyrighted
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Thott.290.2º)|Copenhagen Version]]
 
| authors    = [[Dieter Bachmann]]
 
| source link = http://freywild.ch/wiki/index.php?title=Thott
 
| source title= Freywild.ch
 
| license    = public domain 0
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Codex Lew (Cod.I.6.4º.3)|Augsburg Version]]
 
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
 
| source link = http://www.hammaborg.de/en/transkriptionen/jude_lew/index.php
 
| source title= Hammaborg Historischer Schwertkampf
 
| license    = copyrighted
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Wolfenbüttel Sketchbook (Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º)|Wolfenbüttel Version]]
 
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
 
| source link = http://www.hammaborg.de/en/transkriptionen/gladiatoria_wolfenbuettel/01_fechtbuch.php
 
| source title= Hammaborg Historischer Schwertkampf
 
| license    = copyrighted
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (Cgm 1507)|Munich Version I]]
 
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
 
| source link = http://www.hammaborg.de/en/transkriptionen/paulus_kal/index.php
 
| source title= Hammaborg Historischer Schwertkampf
 
| license    = copyrighted
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Die Meisterlieder des Hans Folz (MS Q.566)|Wiemar Version]]
 
| authors    = [[Andreas Meier]]
 
| source link = http://www.pragmatische-schriftlichkeit.de/transkription/trans_q566.pdf
 
| source title= Gesellschaft für pragmatische Schriftlichkeit
 
| license    = copyrighted
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|Vienna Version]]
 
| authors    = [[Carsten&nbsp;orbeer]], [[Julia&nbsp;Lorbeer]], [[Andreas&nbsp;Meier]], [[Marita&nbsp;Wiedner]]
 
| source link = http://www.pragmatische-schriftlichkeit.de/transkription/edition_paulus_kal.pdf
 
| source title= Gesellschaft für pragmatische Schriftlichkeit
 
| license    = copyrighted
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)|Salzburg Version]]
 
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
 
| source link = http://www.hammaborg.de/en/transkriptionen/hans_von_speyer/index.php
 
| source title= Hammaborg Historischer Schwertkampf
 
| license    = copyrighted
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)|Dresden Version]]
 
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
 
| source link = http://www.hammaborg.de/en/transkriptionen/sigmund_ringeck/index.php
 
| source title= Hammaborg Historischer Schwertkampf
 
| license    = copyrighted
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)|Glasgow Version]]
 
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
 
| source link = http://www.hammaborg.de/en/transkriptionen/emring_glasgow/index.php
 
| source title= Hammaborg Historischer Schwertkampf
 
| license    = copyrighted
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Krakow Version]]
 
| authors    = [[Bartłomiej Walczak]]
 
| source link = http://www.arma.lh.pl/badania.html
 
| source title= ARMA Poland
 
| license    = copyrighted
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = ''[[Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurñfeyndt)|Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey]]''
 
| authors    = [[Michael Chidester]]
 
| source link =
 
| source title= Wiktenauer
 
| license    = noncommercial
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = ''[[Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche kunst (Christian Egenolff)|Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche kunst]]''
 
| authors    = [[Alex Kiermayer]]
 
| source link = http://www.hauppauge.de/~freifechter/egenolph.html
 
| source title= Die Freifechter Gesellschaft für Historische Fechtkunst e.V.
 
| license    = copyrighted
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cgm 3711)|Munich Version II]]
 
| authors    = [[Filip Lampart]], [[Martin Fabian]]
 
| source link = http://fecht-kunst.eu/files/wilhalm_prepis.pdf
 
| source title= Fecht-Kunst
 
| license    = copyrighted
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Augsburg Version II]]
 
| authors    = [[Dierk Hagedorn]]
 
| source link = http://www.hammaborg.de/en/transkriptionen/wilhalm_sollinger/04_sollinger.php
 
| source title= Hammaborg Historischer Schwertkampf
 
| license    = copyrighted
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Über die Fechtkunst und den Ringkampf (MS 963)|Graz Version]]
 
| authors    =
 
| source link =
 
| source title=
 
| license    =
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Augsburg Version III]]
 
| authors    = [[Werner Ueberschär]]
 
| source link = http://www.schwertbund-nurmberg.de/TranskriptionAnthonyRast.pdf
 
| source title= Schwertbund Nurmberg e.V.
 
| license    = noncommercial
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Lienhart Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cgm 3712)|Munich Version III]]
 
| authors    =
 
| source link =
 
| source title=
 
| license    =
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Hans Endter Fechtbuch|Hans Endter]]
 
| authors    = [[Carl Michael Wiechmann-Kadow]]
 
| source link =
 
| source title=
 
| license    = fair use
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|Rostock Version]]
 
| authors    = [[Hans Talhoffer (Blogger)|Anonymous]]
 
| source link = http://talhoffer.wordpress.com/
 
| source title= The fencing and life of Hans Talhoffer
 
| license    = linkware
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
| work        = [[Künnst zu fechten vonn dem Lienhartt Sollinger (Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º)|Wolfenbüttel Version II]]
 
| authors    =
 
| source link =
 
| source title=
 
| license    =
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox footer}}
 
 
 
'''Additional translation notes:''' ''In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts'' ©2010 Freelance Academy Press, Inc.<section end="sourcebox"/>
 
{{master end}}
 
 
 
== Additional Resources ==
 
 
 
* [[Hans-Peter Hils|Hils, Hans-Peter]] (in German). ''Meister Johann Liechtenauers Kunst des langen Schwertes''. P. Lang, 1985. ISBN 978-38-204812-9-7
 
* [[Christian Henry Tobler|Tobler, Christian Henry]]. ''In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts''. Wheaton, IL: [[Freelance Academy Press]], 2010. ISBN 978-0-9825911-1-6
 
* [[Christian Henry Tobler|Tobler, Christian Henry]]. ''In Service of the Duke: The 15th Century Fighting Treatise of Paulus Kal''. Highland Village, TX: [[Chivalry Bookshelf]], 2006. ISBN 978-1-891448-25-6
 
* [[Christian Henry Tobler|Tobler, Christian Henry]]. ''Secrets of German Medieval Swordsmanship''. Highland Village, TX: Chivalry Bookshelf, 2001. ISBN 1-891448-07-2
 
* [[Jeffrey Hull|Hull, Jeffrey]], with [[Monika Maziarz|Maziarz, Monika]] and [[Grzegorz Żabiński|Żabiński, Grzegorz]]. ''Knightly Dueling: The Fighting Arts of German Chivalry''. Boulder, CO: [[Paladin Press]], 2007. ISBN 978-1581606744
 
* [[Martin Wierschin|Wierschin, Martin]] (in German). ''Meister Johann Liechtenauers Kunst des Fechtens''. Muunich: C. H. Beck, 1965.
 
* [[Grzegorz Żabiński|Żabiński, Grzegorz]]. ''The Longsword Teachings of Master Liechtenauer. The Early Sixteenth Century Swordsmanship Comments in the "Goliath" Manuscript.'' Poland: [[Adam Marshall]], 2010. ISBN 978-83-7611-662-4
 
* [[Grzegorz Żabiński|Żabiński, Grzegorz]]. "Unarmored Longsword Combat by Master Liechtenauer via Priest Döbringer." ''Masters of Medieval and Renaissance Martial Arts''. Ed. Jeffrey Hull. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 2008. ISBN 978-1-58160-668-3
 
* ''[http://www.archive.org/details/anzeigerfurkunde01germ Anzeiger für Kunde der deutschen Vorzeit]'' (in German). Nuremberg: [[Germanisches Nationalmuseum|Verlag der Artistisch-literarischen Anstalt des Germanischen Museums]], 1854.
 
 
 
== References ==
 
 
 
{{reflist|2}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Liechtenauer, Johannes}}
 
{{Liechtenauer tradition}}
 
__FORCETOC__
 
 
 
[[Category:Masters]]
 
 
 
[[Category:German]]
 
  
[[Category:Armored Fencing]]
+
[[Category:New format]]
[[Category:Longsword]]
 
[[Category:Mounted Fencing]]
 

Latest revision as of 21:06, 19 February 2021

Die Zettel
The Recital
Johannes Liechtenauer.png
Full Title A Recital on the Chivalric
Art of Fencing
Ascribed to Johannes Liechtenauer
Illustrated by Unknown
Date Fifteenth century (?)
Genre
Language Early New High German
Archetype(s) Hypothetical
Manuscript(s)
First Printed
English Edition
Tobler, 2010
Concordance by Michael Chidester
Translations

Johannes Liechtenauer (Hans Lichtenauer, Lichtnawer) was a German fencing master in the 14th or 15th century. No direct record of his life or teachings currently exists, and all that we know of both comes from the writings of other masters and scholars. The only account of his life was written by the anonymous author of the Pol Hausbuch, one of the oldest texts in the tradition, who stated that "Master Liechtenauer learnt and mastered the Art in a thorough and rightful way, but he did not invent and put together this Art (as was just stated). Instead, he traveled and searched many countries with the will of learning and mastering this rightful and true Art." He may have been alive at the time of the creation of the fencing treatise contained in the Pol Hausbuch, as that source is the only one to fail to accompany his name with a blessing for the dead.

Liechtenauer was described by many later masters as the "high master" or "grand master" of the art, and a long poem called the Zettel ("Recital") is generally attributed to him by these masters. Later masters in the tradition often wrote extensive glosses (commentaries) on this poem, using it to structure their own martial teachings. Liechtenauer's influence on the German fencing tradition as we currently understand it is almost impossible to overstate. The masters on Paulus Kal's roll of the Fellowship of Liechtenauer were responsible for most of the most significant fencing manuals of the 15th century, and Liechtenauer and his teachings were also the focus of the German fencing guilds that arose in the 15th and 16th centuries, including the Marxbrüder and the Veiterfechter.

Additional facts have sometimes been presumed about Liechtenauer based on often-problematic premises. The Pol Hausbuch, often erroneously dated to 1389 and presumed to be written by a direct student of Liechtenauer's, has been treated as evidence placing Liechtenauer's career in the mid-1300s.[1] However, given that the Pol Hausbuch may date as late as 1494 and the earliest records of the identifiable members of his tradition appear in the mid 1400s, it seems more probable that Liechtenauer's career occurred toward the beginning of the 15th century. Ignoring the Pol Hausbuch as being of indeterminate date, the oldest version of the Recital that is attributed to Liechtenauer was recorded by Hans Talhoffer in the MS Chart.A.558 (ca. 1448), which further supports this timeline.[2]

Treatise

Liechtenauer's teachings are preserved in a long poem of rhyming couplets called the Zettel ("Recital"), covering fencing with the "long" or extended sword (i.e. with both hands at one end of the sword), the "short" or withdrawn sword (i.e. with one hand at either end), and on horseback. These "obscure and cryptic words" were designed to prevent the uninitiated from learning the techniques they represented; they also seem to have offered a system of mnemonic devices to those who understood their significance. The Recital was treated as the core of the Art by his students, and masters such as Sigmund ain Ringeck, Peter von Danzig zum Ingolstadt, and Lew wrote extensive glosses that sought to clarify and expand upon these teachings.

In addition to the verses on mounted fencing, several treatises in the Liechtenauer tradition include a group of twenty-six "figures" (figuren)—phrases that are shorter than Liechtenauer's couplets and often arranged into the format of a Medieval tree diagram. These figures seem to encode the same teachings as the verses of the mounted fencing, and both are quoted in the mounted glosses. However, figures follow a very different structure than the Zettel does, and seem to present an alternative sequence for studying Liechtneauer's techniques. It is not known why the mounted fencing is the only section of the Recital to receive figures in addition to verse.

Seventeen manuscripts contain a presentation of at least one section of the Recital as a distinct (unglossed) section; there are dozens more presentations of the verse as part of one of the several glosses. The longest version of the Recital by far is actually found in one of these glosses, that of the Pol Hausbuch, which contains almost twice as many verses as any other; however, given that the additional verses tend to either consist of repetitions from elsewhere in the Recital or use a very different style from Liechtenauer's work, they are generally treated as additions by the anonymous author or his instructor rather than being part of the original Recital. The other surviving versions of the Recital from all periods show a high degree of consistency in both content and organization, excepting only that attributed to Beringer (which is also included in the writings of Hans Folz).

The following concordance tables include only those texts that quote Liechtenauer's Recital in an unglossed form.[3] Most manuscripts present the Recital as prose, and those have had the text separated out into the original verses to offer a consistent view. For ease of use, this page breaks the general Wiktenauer rule that column format remain consistent across all tables on a page; the sheer number of Liechtenauer sources made this convention entirely unworkable, with more columns empty than filled, so instead the long sword table uses one layout, the mounted and short sword tables use another, and the figures use a third.

Additional Resources

References

  1. Christian Henry Tobler. "Chicken and Eggs: Which Master Came First?" In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts. Wheaton, IL: Freelance Academy Press, 2010. p6
  2. There is one version of the Recital that predates Talhoffer's, recorded in MS G.B.f.18a (ca. 1418-28) and attributed to an H. Beringer; this also conforms to a 15th century timeline and suggests the possibility that Liechtenauer was himself an inheritor of the teachings contained in the Zettel rather than its original composer (presentations of the Recital that are entirely unattributed exist in other 15th and 16th century manuscripts). Alternatively, the Beringer verse, which includes only portions of the Recital on the Long Sword, may represent just one of the teachings that Liechtenauer received and compiled over the course of the journeys described in 3227a.
  3. The figures are often given as a preamble for the gloss of Lew, and a fragment of the short sword to the teachings of Martin Huntsfeld, but those instances will not be included below and instead treated as part of those treatises.
  4. The text diverges here, omitting Liechtenauer's couplet and inserting this quatrain instead:
    Dagge swert stãge lãse schon
    Messer bockler has vñ rõken
    Taegñ darde vnd schilt
    Miden allen zu ringe~ uff du wilt
  5. First letter almost illegible.
  6. First letter illegible.
  7. Talhoffer adds the following couplet: "Nun merck aber furbaß / und verstand ouch gar rechte daz".
  8. Text terminates at this point. The leaves with the rest of the text are gone, probably lost.
  9. kam
  10. deinen
  11. faler
  12. Talhoffer breaks up the Haupstucke differently, and inserts the following additional couplet: "überlouffen bind wol an / nit stand luog waß er kan".
  13. Text adds an additional couplet: "hastu es vernomen zu kain / schlag mag er komen".
  14. Text adds an additional couplet: "hast dus vernomen / zu kaim schlag mag er komen".
  15. Text adds an additional couplet: "hastu es vernomen / zu kainen schlag mag er komen."
  16. Talhoffer expands upon Liechtenauer's couplet and adds two additional lines: "und erschrick ab kainem man / stand und sich in ernstlich an".
  17. Text adds an additional line: "das son ich vernomen".
  18. Text adds an additional line: "ha das han ich vernomen".
  19. There is no space between "Dupliere" and "doniden", the "D" was possibly added later.
  20. Text adds an additional line: "dz haw ich vermunen??".
  21. Corrected from »Im«.
  22. The text doubles the title of this section.
  23. 23.0 23.1 Corrected from »Twir«.
  24. haust
  25. Talhoffer adds an additional couplet: [4r] "So machst du in wol betöwben / Die faller in kunst berowben"
  26. Hier hat der Schreiber offensichtlich ein Häkchen vergessen.
  27. should be "dreffen"
  28. This section is followed by one titled "Von durchlauffen ab seczen", which repeat the verse on Absetzen.
  29. Talhoffer adds four additional verses: "und gang nach an den man / stoss mit dem ghiltz schon / wiltu denn nit schallen / so hastu zway eynfallen".
  30. Text adds an additional couplet: "Das schwertt bind / zu der fleche truck in die hend".
  31. Text adds an additional couplet: "Das schwert binden / zu der flech trukh in die hand"
  32. Talhoffer begins this section with two additional verses: "wer dir zestarck welle sin / heng fall im oben eyn".
  33. Text adds an additional couplet: "thutt er sich gegen dir greisen / schlagen das er seisse".
  34. Text adds an additional couplet: "thutt er sich gegen dir greifen / schlagen das er Seise".
  35. Text adds an additional couplet: "thuet er sich gegen dir raisen / schlagen dz er seisse."
  36. ";" in a circle
  37. A guide letter “w” is visible under the “U” (apparently ignored by the rubricator), making the intended word “Wer”.
  38. Hier ist anscheinend dem Schreiber das Leerzeichen verrutscht.