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Difference between revisions of "Nicolaes Petter"

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{{Infobox writer
 
{{Infobox writer
 
| name                = [[name::Nicolaes Petter]]
 
| name                = [[name::Nicolaes Petter]]
| image                = File:Nicolaes Petter.png
+
| image                =  
| imagesize            = 250px
+
| imagesize            =  
 
| caption              =  
 
| caption              =  
  
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| deathplace          = Amsterdam
 
| deathplace          = Amsterdam
 
| resting_place        = Leidsche Kerkhof, Amsterdam
 
| resting_place        = Leidsche Kerkhof, Amsterdam
| occupation          = {{plainlist | [[occupation::Wine merchant]] | [[occupation::Wrestling master| ]][[Wrestling master]] }}
+
| occupation          = {{plainlist
| language            = {{#set:language=Dutch|language=New High German|language=French}}[[Dutch (language)|Dutch]]
+
| [[occupation::Wine merchant]]
 +
| [[Wrestling master]]{{#set:occupation=Wrestling master}}
 +
}}
 +
| language            = [[Dutch (language)|Dutch]]{{#set:language=Dutch|language=New High German|language=French}}
 
| nationality          = German
 
| nationality          = German
 
| ethnicity            =  
 
| ethnicity            =  
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| subject              =  
 
| subject              =  
 
| movement            =  
 
| movement            =  
| notableworks        = ''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der<br/>Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]'' (1674)
+
| notableworks        = ''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der<br/>Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''<br/>(1674)
 
| manuscript(s)        =  
 
| manuscript(s)        =  
 
| principal manuscript(s)=
 
| principal manuscript(s)=
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== Treatise ==
 
== Treatise ==
  
{{hidden begin
+
{{master begin
| title     = <span style="font-size:130%;">Preface</span>
+
| title = Preface
| titlestyle= background:#f2f2f2; border:1px solid #aaaaaa; padding:10px; text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:60%;
+
| width = 150em
| bodystyle = display:block; width:140em;
 
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="wikitable floated master"
+
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! Images
+
! <p>Illustrations<br/></p>
 
+
! <p>{{rating|B}}<br/>by [[Alwin Goethals]]</p>
! {{rating|B}}
+
! <p>''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Alwin Goethals]]
+
! <p>''Der künstliche Ringer...''<br/></p>
! ''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''
+
! <p>''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Reinier van Noort]]
 
! ''Der künstliche Ringer...''
 
 
 
! ''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''
 
by Reinier van Noort
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| rowspan="7" | [[File:Petter Title.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| rowspan="7" | [[File:Petter Title.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
|  
 
|  
 
| '''Klare Onderrichtinge'''<br/>der Voortreffelijcke<br/>'''WORSTEL-KONST,'''
 
| '''Klare Onderrichtinge'''<br/>der Voortreffelijcke<br/>'''WORSTEL-KONST,'''
 
Verhandelende hoemen in alle voorvallen van Twist in Handtgemeenschap, sich kan hoeden: en alle Aengrepen, Borst-stooten, Vuyst-slagen &c. versetten.
 
Verhandelende hoemen in alle voorvallen van Twist in Handtgemeenschap, sich kan hoeden: en alle Aengrepen, Borst-stooten, Vuyst-slagen &c. versetten.
 
|  
 
|  
| '''<span style=color:#a40000>L’ACADEMIE</span>'''<br/>DE L’ADMIRABLE<br/>'''<span style=color:#a40000>ART de la LUTTE</span>'''
+
| {{red|b=1|L’ACADEMIE}}<br/>DE L’ADMIRABLE<br/>{{red|b=1|ART de la LUTTE}}
 
Montrant d’une maniere très exacte non seulement la force extraordinaire de l’Homme, mais aussi les mouvemens merveilleux, l’usage singulier, & les souplesses des principales parties ou membres du corps humain.
 
Montrant d’une maniere très exacte non seulement la force extraordinaire de l’Homme, mais aussi les mouvemens merveilleux, l’usage singulier, & les souplesses des principales parties ou membres du corps humain.
  
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| ''Seer nut en voordeeligh tegens alle slaensiecke Twisters, ofte die met een Mes yemandt dreygen of trachten te beledigen.''
 
| ''Seer nut en voordeeligh tegens alle slaensiecke Twisters, ofte die met een Mes yemandt dreygen of trachten te beledigen.''
 
|  
 
|  
| ''<span style=color:#a40000>Avec une instruction claire & familiaire, comment on peut en toutes les occasions repousser sûrement & adroitement toutes sortes d’Insultes & d’Attaques.</span>''
+
| ''{{red|Avec une instruction claire & familiaire, comment on peut en toutes les occasions repousser sûrement & adroitement toutes sortes d’Insultes & d’Attaques.}}''
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
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|  
 
|  
 
| Representée en soixante & onze tailles douces, qui sont très belles, & qui ont été dessinées par le Celebre & Fameux
 
| Representée en soixante & onze tailles douces, qui sont très belles, & qui ont été dessinées par le Celebre & Fameux
'''<span style=color:#a40000>Mr. ROMEIN DE HOOGUE.</span>'''
+
{{red|b=1|Mr. ROMEIN DE HOOGUE.}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
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|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| ''<span style=color:#a40000>On trouvera à la fin de l’Ouvrage des Tables, qui expliquent clairement & distinctement toutes les tailles douces.</span>''
+
| ''{{red|On trouvera à la fin de l’Ouvrage des Tables, qui expliquent clairement & distinctement toutes les tailles douces.}}''
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
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|  
 
|  
 
| '''<u>A LEIDE</u>'''
 
| '''<u>A LEIDE</u>'''
Chez '''<span style=color:#a40000>ISAAC SEVERINUS,</span>'''
+
Chez {{red|b=1|ISAAC SEVERINUS,}}
  
  
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|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| '''Clear Education in the Magnificent Art of Wrestling'''
+
| class="noline" | '''Clear Education in the Magnificent Art of Wrestling'''
 
<br/>As it is usual, and mainly amongst the Dutch, where there is any sort of quarrel or discord between people that has risen so high that a physical fight follows, that they punch each other on the chest and use the heavier fist punches later on during the fight, we have decided to start of with the chest punches, those being the actual beginning to start the fight: later we shall discuss all grips in order.
 
<br/>As it is usual, and mainly amongst the Dutch, where there is any sort of quarrel or discord between people that has risen so high that a physical fight follows, that they punch each other on the chest and use the heavier fist punches later on during the fight, we have decided to start of with the chest punches, those being the actual beginning to start the fight: later we shall discuss all grips in order.
| '''Klare Onderrichtinge''' der voortreffelijcke '''WORSTEL–KONST.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''Klare Onderrichtinge''' der voortreffelijcke '''WORSTEL–KONST.'''
 
TErwijl gewoonlijck, en voornamentlijck ontrent de Hollanders, gebruyckelijck is, waer eenige twist of tweedracht tusschen eenige Persoonen geresen mach zijn, die  soo hoogh komt te klimmen dat de Handtgemeenschap daer op volght, dat sy malkander op de Borst stooten, als de wegh zijnde, waer door men tot de heviger Vuystslagen gaet: soo hebben wy van de Borst-stooten hier het beginsel willen nemen, als zijnde den eygentlijcken aenvangh om de twist door hantgemeenschap wacker te maken: en voorts sullen wy alle grepen met order vervolgen.
 
TErwijl gewoonlijck, en voornamentlijck ontrent de Hollanders, gebruyckelijck is, waer eenige twist of tweedracht tusschen eenige Persoonen geresen mach zijn, die  soo hoogh komt te klimmen dat de Handtgemeenschap daer op volght, dat sy malkander op de Borst stooten, als de wegh zijnde, waer door men tot de heviger Vuystslagen gaet: soo hebben wy van de Borst-stooten hier het beginsel willen nemen, als zijnde den eygentlijcken aenvangh om de twist door hantgemeenschap wacker te maken: en voorts sullen wy alle grepen met order vervolgen.
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| '''EXPLICATION des FIGURES.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''EXPLICATION des FIGURES.'''
  
 
|}
 
|}
{{hidden end}}
+
{{master end}}
  
{{hidden begin
+
{{master begin
| title     = <span style="font-size:130%;">The First Part</span>
+
| title = The First Part
| titlestyle= background:#f2f2f2; border:1px solid #aaaaaa; padding:10px; text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:60%;
+
| width = 150em
| bodystyle = display:block; width:140em;
 
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="wikitable floated master"
+
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! Images
+
! <p>Illustrations<br/></p>
 
+
! <p>{{rating|B}}<br/>by [[Remko Prevo]]</p>
! {{rating|B}}
+
! <p>''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Remko Prevo]]
+
! <p>''Der künstliche Ringer...''<br/></p>
! ''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''
+
! <p>''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Reinier van Noort]]
 
! ''Der künstliche Ringer...''
 
 
 
! ''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''
 
by Reinier van Noort
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 1.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 1.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''No. I. About chest punches'''
 
| '''No. I. About chest punches'''
 
<br/>When A wants to punch B on the chest, then B can - while leaning a bit sideways - make A to miss. As A is leaning over because of the punching, this gives B the opportunity to grab A behind the neck. Being pushed downwards A then has to fall over.
 
<br/>When A wants to punch B on the chest, then B can - while leaning a bit sideways - make A to miss. As A is leaning over because of the punching, this gives B the opportunity to grab A behind the neck. Being pushed downwards A then has to fall over.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 2.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 2.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''2. Chest punch in a different way'''
 
| '''2. Chest punch in a different way'''
 
A hits B on the chest. After being hit, B twists his left or right leg, depending on where the punch is coming from, around the right or left leg of person A. He then pushes with his left hand A's right arm downwards and with his left hand he grabs A behind his buttocks at his trousers. Doing this, A has to fall over the leg that B has put forward.
 
A hits B on the chest. After being hit, B twists his left or right leg, depending on where the punch is coming from, around the right or left leg of person A. He then pushes with his left hand A's right arm downwards and with his left hand he grabs A behind his buttocks at his trousers. Doing this, A has to fall over the leg that B has put forward.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 3.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 3.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''3. In a different way'''
 
| '''3. In a different way'''
 
A hits B on the chest. Seeing this, B takes A's right arm under A's armpit with his left hand and with his right hand B grabs A's left wrist. By putting his left leg behind A's right leg, B can then make A fall backwards.
 
A hits B on the chest. Seeing this, B takes A's right arm under A's armpit with his left hand and with his right hand B grabs A's left wrist. By putting his left leg behind A's right leg, B can then make A fall backwards.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 4.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 4.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''4. In a different way.'''
 
| '''4. In a different way.'''
 
A hits B on the chest. B grabs A on the wrist with such a formidable power thus trying to twist the arm.
 
A hits B on the chest. B grabs A on the wrist with such a formidable power thus trying to twist the arm.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 5.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 5.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''5.'''
 
| '''5.'''
 
Because A may try to resist to this, he turns under B's arm thus trying to get loose.
 
Because A may try to resist to this, he turns under B's arm thus trying to get loose.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 6.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 6.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''6.'''
 
| '''6.'''
 
When A is turning under B's arm, B takes A's hand (the wrist of which he had taken with his left hand) and pushes it behind A's back. This gives B the opportunity to actually brake A's hand.
 
When A is turning under B's arm, B takes A's hand (the wrist of which he had taken with his left hand) and pushes it behind A's back. This gives B the opportunity to actually brake A's hand.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 7.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 7.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''7. Resistance by A.'''
 
| '''7. Resistance by A.'''
 
A steps back and puts his right leg around B's right leg. When A leans backward, both have to fall and A can then free himself.
 
A steps back and puts his right leg around B's right leg. When A leans backward, both have to fall and A can then free himself.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 8.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 8.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''8.'''
 
| '''8.'''
 
Then they lie fallen down because A twisted his leg around B's leg.
 
Then they lie fallen down because A twisted his leg around B's leg.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 9.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 9.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''9.'''
 
| '''9.'''
 
The one who stands up first, has the advantage to be able to grab the other at the collar with his left hand and at the trousers with his right hand. In this way, he can force the other person to walk forwards.
 
The one who stands up first, has the advantage to be able to grab the other at the collar with his left hand and at the trousers with his right hand. In this way, he can force the other person to walk forwards.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 10.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 10.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''10.'''
 
| '''10.'''
 
When B does such a thing, which has been shown in the previous picture, A can resist this in the following way. He moves his right hand backwards and takes B's right hand at the wrist, turning under B's arm.
 
When B does such a thing, which has been shown in the previous picture, A can resist this in the following way. He moves his right hand backwards and takes B's right hand at the wrist, turning under B's arm.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 11.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 11.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''11.'''
 
| '''11.'''
 
Having turned under B's arm, A pulls B's arm downwards and puts his left foot at B's knee. A can then push B with his head backwards and make him fall on his back as is shown in the next picture.
 
Having turned under B's arm, A pulls B's arm downwards and puts his left foot at B's knee. A can then push B with his head backwards and make him fall on his back as is shown in the next picture.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 12.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| class="noline" | [[File:Nicolaes Petter 12.jpg|400x400px|center]]
| '''12.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''12.'''
 
Thus being thrown down, and A lying on B's body, A grabs B with the left hand at the throat and keeps his right arm closed on the chest. With his right hand, A holds B's left hand on the ground and twists his leg around his leg. This prevents B from being able to get up. Lying on B, A can hit B on his face with left side of his head without any impediment
 
Thus being thrown down, and A lying on B's body, A grabs B with the left hand at the throat and keeps his right arm closed on the chest. With his right hand, A holds B's left hand on the ground and twists his leg around his leg. This prevents B from being able to get up. Lying on B, A can hit B on his face with left side of his head without any impediment
| '''12.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''12.'''
 
Aldus dan neder gesmeten zijnde, en A liggende op het lijf van B, grijpt hem met de slincker hant in de krop, en houd sijn rechter arm geslooten op de borst. Met de rechter hant houd A de slincker hant van B tegen de aerde aen, strengelt sijn beenen om sijne beenen, waer door dat B belet wort te konnen op staen, en A alsoo liggende kan aen B, sonder eenigh beletsel, met de zijde van sijn hooft, op het aengesicht van B, soo veel stooten als hy begeert.
 
Aldus dan neder gesmeten zijnde, en A liggende op het lijf van B, grijpt hem met de slincker hant in de krop, en houd sijn rechter arm geslooten op de borst. Met de rechter hant houd A de slincker hant van B tegen de aerde aen, strengelt sijn beenen om sijne beenen, waer door dat B belet wort te konnen op staen, en A alsoo liggende kan aen B, sonder eenigh beletsel, met de zijde van sijn hooft, op het aengesicht van B, soo veel stooten als hy begeert.
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| '''Pag.12.No.12.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''Pag.12.No.12.'''
 
B étant ainsi renversé par terre, & A étant couché sur le corps de B, il le saisit au gosier avec sa main gauche, & lui tient  son bras droit  serré  sur la poitrine. Outre cela A tient avec sa main droite la main gauche de B contre terre, & il entrelasse ses jambes dans les siennes, par-où il empêche que B se puisse relever, & A étant ainsi couché sur B il peut facilement lui-donner sur le visage avec le côté de sa tête tout autant de coups qu’il veut.
 
B étant ainsi renversé par terre, & A étant couché sur le corps de B, il le saisit au gosier avec sa main gauche, & lui tient  son bras droit  serré  sur la poitrine. Outre cela A tient avec sa main droite la main gauche de B contre terre, & il entrelasse ses jambes dans les siennes, par-où il empêche que B se puisse relever, & A étant ainsi couché sur B il peut facilement lui-donner sur le visage avec le côté de sa tête tout autant de coups qu’il veut.
  
 
|}
 
|}
{{hidden end}}
+
{{master end}}
  
{{hidden begin
+
{{master begin
| title     = <span style="font-size:130%;">The Second Part</span>
+
| title = The Second Part
| titlestyle= background:#f2f2f2; border:1px solid #aaaaaa; padding:10px; text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:60%;
+
| width = 150em
| bodystyle = display:block; width:140em;
 
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="wikitable floated master"
+
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! Images
+
! <p>Illustrations<br/></p>
 
+
! <p>{{rating|B}}<br/>by [[Remko Prevo]]</p>
! {{rating|B}}
+
! <p>''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Remko Prevo]]
+
! <p>''Der künstliche Ringer...''<br/></p>
! ''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''
+
! <p>''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Reinier van Noort]]
 
! ''Der künstliche Ringer...''
 
 
 
! ''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''
 
by Reinier van Noort
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 13.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 13.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''1. About the chest punches'''
 
| '''1. About the chest punches'''
 
<br/>As in the beginning of the first part when A hits B on his chest with his fist, in the second part B hits C on the chest with both hands and put his left foot on C's right foot. C then grabs B under his arms or his sleeves at his armpits.
 
<br/>As in the beginning of the first part when A hits B on his chest with his fist, in the second part B hits C on the chest with both hands and put his left foot on C's right foot. C then grabs B under his arms or his sleeves at his armpits.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 14.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 14.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''2.'''
 
| '''2.'''
 
Thus having grabbed B, C then puts his left foot right in the middle of B's body.
 
Thus having grabbed B, C then puts his left foot right in the middle of B's body.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 15.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 15.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''3.'''
 
| '''3.'''
 
Having put his foot there, C then throws himself backwards thus forcing B, who was holding on to C's sleeves, to fall over C.
 
Having put his foot there, C then throws himself backwards thus forcing B, who was holding on to C's sleeves, to fall over C.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 16.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 16.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''4.'''
 
| '''4.'''
 
But if B is familiar with C's technique, feeling that C wants to fall, B lets loose of C's arms and with his right hand he takes C's foot at his toes and with his left hand at C's heel. He then wrings C's foot around, which can cause great pain and discomfort for C.
 
But if B is familiar with C's technique, feeling that C wants to fall, B lets loose of C's arms and with his right hand he takes C's foot at his toes and with his left hand at C's heel. He then wrings C's foot around, which can cause great pain and discomfort for C.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 17.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 17.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''5.'''
 
| '''5.'''
 
But we can clearly see how C can resist this. He can kick B's left arm with his right leg with such force that B's left hand gets loose. But B, falling into C, can free himself again by grabbing C at the throat. Grabbing C's right arm with his left hand, he forces C's left leg, which he was wringing the foot of, inwards, leaving C lying helplessly.
 
But we can clearly see how C can resist this. He can kick B's left arm with his right leg with such force that B's left hand gets loose. But B, falling into C, can free himself again by grabbing C at the throat. Grabbing C's right arm with his left hand, he forces C's left leg, which he was wringing the foot of, inwards, leaving C lying helplessly.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 18.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| class="noline" | [[File:Nicolaes Petter 18.jpg|400x400px|center]]
| '''6.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''6.'''
 
However, C can again resist this by pushing B's left foot away with his right leg. He turns his right hand out against B's thumb thus forcing B to fall. When B's falling down, C grabs B at his hair, hurling B to the ground.
 
However, C can again resist this by pushing B's left foot away with his right leg. He turns his right hand out against B's thumb thus forcing B to fall. When B's falling down, C grabs B at his hair, hurling B to the ground.
| '''6.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''6.'''
 
C kan evenwel weder dusdanigh sijn Verset nemen, stootende met sijn rechter been, den slincker voet van B wegh; en hy draeyt sijn rechter hant uyt tegen den duym van B, soo dat B genootdruckt wort te vallen. B vallende, grijpt C B achter by 't hayr, en slingert B alsoo om, tegen de gront aen
 
C kan evenwel weder dusdanigh sijn Verset nemen, stootende met sijn rechter been, den slincker voet van B wegh; en hy draeyt sijn rechter hant uyt tegen den duym van B, soo dat B genootdruckt wort te vallen. B vallende, grijpt C B achter by 't hayr, en slingert B alsoo om, tegen de gront aen
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| '''Pag.18.No.6.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''Pag.18.No.6.'''
 
C peut pourtant encore parer ce coup de cette maniere: il est repousse avec sa jambe droite le pied gauche de B, & il tourne en dehors sa main droite contre le pouce de B, tellement que B est contraint de tomber. B tombant, C le prend par derriere aux cheveux & le secouë ainsi contre terre.
 
C peut pourtant encore parer ce coup de cette maniere: il est repousse avec sa jambe droite le pied gauche de B, & il tourne en dehors sa main droite contre le pouce de B, tellement que B est contraint de tomber. B tombant, C le prend par derriere aux cheveux & le secouë ainsi contre terre.
  
 
|}
 
|}
{{hidden end}}
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{{master end}}
  
{{hidden begin
+
{{master begin
| title     = <span style="font-size:130%;">The Third Part</span>
+
| title = The Third Part
| titlestyle= background:#f2f2f2; border:1px solid #aaaaaa; padding:10px; text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:60%;
+
| width = 150em
| bodystyle = display:block; width:140em;
 
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="wikitable floated master"
+
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! Images
+
! <p>Illustrations<br/></p>
 
+
! <p>{{rating|B}}<br/>by [[Remko Prevo]]</p>
! {{rating|B}}
+
! <p>''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Remko Prevo]]
+
! <p>''Der künstliche Ringer...''<br/></p>
! ''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''
+
! <p>''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Reinier van Noort]]
 
! ''Der künstliche Ringer...''
 
 
 
! ''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''
 
by Reinier van Noort
 
  
 
|- valign=top
 
|- valign=top
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Nicolaes Petter 19.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Nicolaes Petter 19.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''Dealing with Waist Grips.'''
 
| '''Dealing with Waist Grips.'''
 
<br/>After the chest punches, the waist grip follows, which will be shown here.
 
<br/>After the chest punches, the waist grip follows, which will be shown here.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 20.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 20.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''2.'''
 
| '''2.'''
 
C can prevent the above by pushing his left hand through D's arm and turning it loose in such a way that he can free his face while D is still holding C's arm.
 
C can prevent the above by pushing his left hand through D's arm and turning it loose in such a way that he can free his face while D is still holding C's arm.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 21.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 21.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''3.'''
 
| '''3.'''
 
When D is holding C's arm, he can wrest his right hand free and turning himself behind C's right arm thus pushing C forward while pushing his elbow on C's back to suppress the force of C's arms.
 
When D is holding C's arm, he can wrest his right hand free and turning himself behind C's right arm thus pushing C forward while pushing his elbow on C's back to suppress the force of C's arms.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 22.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 22.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''4.'''
 
| '''4.'''
 
C's arm is no longer suppressed when he turns around a little and puts his right arm over D's left hand close to his body and when turning his whole body a little forward it can happen that D's hand will be broken.
 
C's arm is no longer suppressed when he turns around a little and puts his right arm over D's left hand close to his body and when turning his whole body a little forward it can happen that D's hand will be broken.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 23.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 23.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''5.'''
 
| '''5.'''
 
Now it's necessary that D prevents the breaking of his hand, the fingers of which are now very much wrenched. He grabs C's right wrist with his right hand, using also his left hand, which gets then loose. He turns round, with both hands firmly holding onto C's hand. When turning, D puts C's right arm on his left shoulder and pulls it down with all force which causes extreme pain for C and gives a good opportunity for D to break C's arm.
 
Now it's necessary that D prevents the breaking of his hand, the fingers of which are now very much wrenched. He grabs C's right wrist with his right hand, using also his left hand, which gets then loose. He turns round, with both hands firmly holding onto C's hand. When turning, D puts C's right arm on his left shoulder and pulls it down with all force which causes extreme pain for C and gives a good opportunity for D to break C's arm.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 24.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 24.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''6.'''
 
| '''6.'''
 
But this opportunity is taken away from D when C put his left hand on D's left arm and his right knee on D's lower back. D then has no choice but to let go of C's arm.
 
But this opportunity is taken away from D when C put his left hand on D's left arm and his right knee on D's lower back. D then has no choice but to let go of C's arm.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 25.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| class="noline" | [[File:Nicolaes Petter 25.jpg|400x400px|center]]
| '''7.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''7.'''
 
However, D doesn't give up; Having let go of C's right arm, he grabs C's right arm again with his right hand, turns round and with both hands he turns C's hand or arm. He pulls the arm towards him with his right hand and puts his left hand on C's shoulder. In this way he pushes C forward, forcing him to fall down.
 
However, D doesn't give up; Having let go of C's right arm, he grabs C's right arm again with his right hand, turns round and with both hands he turns C's hand or arm. He pulls the arm towards him with his right hand and puts his left hand on C's shoulder. In this way he pushes C forward, forcing him to fall down.
| '''7.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''7.'''
 
Evenwel geeft D daerom den moed niet verloren; maer die rechter arm van C op soodanigen wijse los zijnde gelaten, vat met sijn rechter hand op dien los gelaten arm van C wederom toe, en swenckt sich om, verdraeyt met beyde sijne handen de hand of arm van C, rucktse na hem toe met sijn rechter hand; en de slincker hand settende op de schouderen van C, soo druckt hy hem voor over, en dwingt hem tot vallen.
 
Evenwel geeft D daerom den moed niet verloren; maer die rechter arm van C op soodanigen wijse los zijnde gelaten, vat met sijn rechter hand op dien los gelaten arm van C wederom toe, en swenckt sich om, verdraeyt met beyde sijne handen de hand of arm van C, rucktse na hem toe met sijn rechter hand; en de slincker hand settende op de schouderen van C, soo druckt hy hem voor over, en dwingt hem tot vallen.
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| '''Pag.25.No.7.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''Pag.25.No.7.'''
 
Cependant D ne perd point pour cela courage, mais il reprend avec sa main droite ce bras droit de C, qu’il avoit été contraint de lâcher, & se tournant il tord avec ses deux mains la main ou le bras de C, qu’il tire à soi avec sa main droite, & mettant sa main gauche sur les épaules de C, il le pousse la tête prémiere & l’oblige de tomber.
 
Cependant D ne perd point pour cela courage, mais il reprend avec sa main droite ce bras droit de C, qu’il avoit été contraint de lâcher, & se tournant il tord avec ses deux mains la main ou le bras de C, qu’il tire à soi avec sa main droite, & mettant sa main gauche sur les épaules de C, il le pousse la tête prémiere & l’oblige de tomber.
  
 
|}
 
|}
{{hidden end}}
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{{master end}}
  
{{hidden begin
+
{{master begin
| title     = <span style="font-size:130%;">The Fourth Part</span>
+
| title = The Fourth Part
| titlestyle= background:#f2f2f2; border:1px solid #aaaaaa; padding:10px; text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:60%;
+
| width = 150em
| bodystyle = display:block; width:140em;
 
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="wikitable floated master"
+
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! Images
+
! <p>Illustrations<br/></p>
 
+
! <p>{{rating|B}}<br/>by [[Remko Prevo]]</p>
! {{rating|B}}
+
! <p>''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Remko Prevo]]
+
! <p>''Der künstliche Ringer...''<br/></p>
! ''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''
+
! <p>''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Reinier van Noort]]
 
! ''Der künstliche Ringer...''
 
 
 
! ''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''
 
by Reinier van Noort
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 26.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 26.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''1. About the Hair Grips'''
 
| '''1. About the Hair Grips'''
 
We will not show this in another way than showing the beginning of these grips when D is grabbing E's hair with his fingers, hurling it around, having his hands in between E's arms.
 
We will not show this in another way than showing the beginning of these grips when D is grabbing E's hair with his fingers, hurling it around, having his hands in between E's arms.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 27.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 27.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''2.'''
 
| '''2.'''
 
D pulls E backwards by his hair and turns him around. He puts his elbow onto E's spine, which gives him the opportunity to hit E on the face from behind with his other hand.
 
D pulls E backwards by his hair and turns him around. He puts his elbow onto E's spine, which gives him the opportunity to hit E on the face from behind with his other hand.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 28.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 28.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''3.'''
 
| '''3.'''
 
Before this happens, still being held at his hair by D, E swiftly turns round; D and E are then facing backwards to each other. D puts his buttocks against E's buttocks and pulls him with great force thus forcing E to fall down over D.
 
Before this happens, still being held at his hair by D, E swiftly turns round; D and E are then facing backwards to each other. D puts his buttocks against E's buttocks and pulls him with great force thus forcing E to fall down over D.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 29.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| class="noline" | [[File:Nicolaes Petter 29.jpg|400x400px|center]]
| '''4.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''4.'''
 
E having fallen down, does not stay down but gets up and grabs D from behind at his sleeve or arm. Grabbing D's right wrist with his right hand, E pushes D's arm inwards and puts his left foot just under D's knee. He then pushes D to make him fall (although this picture does not show that).
 
E having fallen down, does not stay down but gets up and grabs D from behind at his sleeve or arm. Grabbing D's right wrist with his right hand, E pushes D's arm inwards and puts his left foot just under D's knee. He then pushes D to make him fall (although this picture does not show that).
| '''4.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''4.'''
 
E alsoo overgesmeten zijnde dat hy viel, blijft niet liggen, maer  staet op, en vat D achter by de mouw, of arm, en grijpende met de rechter handt op de rechter pols van D, dwingt dien aengegrepen arm van D binnewaert aen, en set sijn slincker voet op de rechter knie kneep van D, en dwingt den selven alsoo (schoon de Plaet den val niet uytbeeldt) dat hy vallen moet.
 
E alsoo overgesmeten zijnde dat hy viel, blijft niet liggen, maer  staet op, en vat D achter by de mouw, of arm, en grijpende met de rechter handt op de rechter pols van D, dwingt dien aengegrepen arm van D binnewaert aen, en set sijn slincker voet op de rechter knie kneep van D, en dwingt den selven alsoo (schoon de Plaet den val niet uytbeeldt) dat hy vallen moet.
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| '''Pag.29.No.4.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''Pag.29.No.4.'''
 
E étant ainsi tombé par-dessus la tête de D, il ne demeure point couché par terre, mais il se leve & saisit D par-derriere la manche ou le bras, & prenant avec sa main droite le poignet droit de D, il force en dedans le bras de D qu’il tient, & mettant son pied gauche sur le jarret droit de D, il le contraint ainsi de tomber, quoique la planche ne le répresente point tombé.
 
E étant ainsi tombé par-dessus la tête de D, il ne demeure point couché par terre, mais il se leve & saisit D par-derriere la manche ou le bras, & prenant avec sa main droite le poignet droit de D, il force en dedans le bras de D qu’il tient, & mettant son pied gauche sur le jarret droit de D, il le contraint ainsi de tomber, quoique la planche ne le répresente point tombé.
  
 
|}
 
|}
{{hidden end}}
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{{master end}}
  
{{hidden begin
+
{{master begin
| title     = <span style="font-size:130%;">The Fifth Part</span>
+
| title = The Fifth Part
| titlestyle= background:#f2f2f2; border:1px solid #aaaaaa; padding:10px; text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:60%;
+
| width = 150em
| bodystyle = display:block; width:140em;
 
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="wikitable floated master"
+
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! Images
+
! <p>Illustrations<br/></p>
 
+
! <p>{{rating|B}}<br/>by [[Remko Prevo]]</p>
! {{rating|B}}
+
! <p>''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Remko Prevo]]
+
! <p>''Der künstliche Ringer...''<br/></p>
! ''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''
+
! <p>''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Reinier van Noort]]
 
! ''Der künstliche Ringer...''
 
 
 
! ''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''
 
by Reinier van Noort
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 30.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 30.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''1. About the grips that can make the stronger from the two win.'''
 
| '''1. About the grips that can make the stronger from the two win.'''
 
<br/>E grabs F underneath the arms and F grabs E at the inside of his arms. This seems to give E most advantage.
 
<br/>E grabs F underneath the arms and F grabs E at the inside of his arms. This seems to give E most advantage.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 31.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 31.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''2.'''
 
| '''2.'''
 
But F lets loose his right arm of E's left arm. After that he lets go of his left arm as well holds it in front his body, holding with his left arm E's right arm under his armpit. He then turns a little which gives him the opportunity to break E's hand. Assuming that E would kick him, as the picture shows.
 
But F lets loose his right arm of E's left arm. After that he lets go of his left arm as well holds it in front his body, holding with his left arm E's right arm under his armpit. He then turns a little which gives him the opportunity to break E's hand. Assuming that E would kick him, as the picture shows.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 32.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 32.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''3.'''
 
| '''3.'''
 
That is why F lets go of his arm and turns around completely which enables him to hit E in the neck without E being able to do much against it even though E is holding F at his pants with his right hand.
 
That is why F lets go of his arm and turns around completely which enables him to hit E in the neck without E being able to do much against it even though E is holding F at his pants with his right hand.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 33.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 33.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''4.'''
 
| '''4.'''
 
But E does not give up and ducks to avoid F's punch. As F was trying to hit E's neck with all his force he then hits himself and falls down because of his own force.
 
But E does not give up and ducks to avoid F's punch. As F was trying to hit E's neck with all his force he then hits himself and falls down because of his own force.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 34.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| class="noline" | [[File:Nicolaes Petter 34.jpg|400x400px|center]]
| '''5.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''5.'''
 
F thus falling down lands on his right arm. He puts his left knee behind E's buttocks, grabs E's left foot with his left hand and pushes him over with his knee.
 
F thus falling down lands on his right arm. He puts his left knee behind E's buttocks, grabs E's left foot with his left hand and pushes him over with his knee.
| '''5.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''5.'''
 
F aldus om ver vallende, stut sich selven op sijn rechter handt, waer mede hy had willen slaen, en in dit stutten geswint sijn slincker knie voegende aen de billen van E, vat hy met sijn slincker hant des selfs slincker voet, en stoot hem met dese knie om verre.
 
F aldus om ver vallende, stut sich selven op sijn rechter handt, waer mede hy had willen slaen, en in dit stutten geswint sijn slincker knie voegende aen de billen van E, vat hy met sijn slincker hant des selfs slincker voet, en stoot hem met dese knie om verre.
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| '''Pag.34.No.5.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''Pag.34.No.5.'''
 
F tombant ainsi à la renverse il s’appuye sur sa main droite, dont il avoit voulu frapper E, & en s’appuyant il met promptement son genouil gauche contre les fesses de E, & prenant avec sa main gauche le pied gauche de E, il le jette à la renverse avec son genouil.
 
F tombant ainsi à la renverse il s’appuye sur sa main droite, dont il avoit voulu frapper E, & en s’appuyant il met promptement son genouil gauche contre les fesses de E, & prenant avec sa main gauche le pied gauche de E, il le jette à la renverse avec son genouil.
  
 
|}
 
|}
{{hidden end}}
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{{master end}}
  
{{hidden begin
+
{{master begin
| title     = <span style="font-size:130%;">The Sixth Part</span>
+
| title = The Sixth Part
| titlestyle= background:#f2f2f2; border:1px solid #aaaaaa; padding:10px; text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:60%;
+
| width = 150em
| bodystyle = display:block; width:140em;
 
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="wikitable floated master"
+
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! Images
+
! <p>Illustrations<br/></p>
 
+
! <p>{{rating|B}}<br/>by [[Remko Prevo]]</p>
! {{rating|B}}
+
! <p>''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Remko Prevo]]
+
! <p>''Der künstliche Ringer...''<br/></p>
! ''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''
+
! <p>''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Reinier van Noort]]
 
! ''Der künstliche Ringer...''
 
 
 
! ''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''
 
by Reinier van Noort
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 35.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 35.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''1. About two chest grips'''
 
| '''1. About two chest grips'''
 
The first chest grip is that F grabs G at the chest whereupon G grabs F under the elbows with his left hand.
 
The first chest grip is that F grabs G at the chest whereupon G grabs F under the elbows with his left hand.
Line 653: Line 614:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 36.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| class="noline" | [[File:Nicolaes Petter 36.jpg|400x400px|center]]
| '''2.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''2.'''
 
But being grabbed like that, G hits F's right hand with his right hand and wrings it until F has to let go of G's chest. His chest now being free, G turns F's right arm completely while putting his left hand behind F's left hand thus forcing F to fall forward.
 
But being grabbed like that, G hits F's right hand with his right hand and wrings it until F has to let go of G's chest. His chest now being free, G turns F's right arm completely while putting his left hand behind F's left hand thus forcing F to fall forward.
| '''2.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''2.'''
 
Maer F G aldus aengegrepen hebbende, slaet G sijn rechter handt op de rechter hant van F, en wringt die hant soo langh tot dat F sijn borst los laet, G nu sijn borst los hebbende, draeyt den rechter arm van F geheel om met sijn rechter hant, settende de slincker hant achter op dien selven arm van F, en doet hem soo voor over stooten.
 
Maer F G aldus aengegrepen hebbende, slaet G sijn rechter handt op de rechter hant van F, en wringt die hant soo langh tot dat F sijn borst los laet, G nu sijn borst los hebbende, draeyt den rechter arm van F geheel om met sijn rechter hant, settende de slincker hant achter op dien selven arm van F, en doet hem soo voor over stooten.
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| '''Pag.36.No.2.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''Pag.36.No.2.'''
 
Mais F ayant ainsi pris G, G met sa main droite sur la main droite de F, & tord cette main jusques à ce que F lui lâche la poitrine; alors G ayant sa poitrine libre, il tourne avec sa main droite tout le bras droit de F, & mettant sa main gauche derriere le bras droit de F, il le fait tomber la tête la premiere.
 
Mais F ayant ainsi pris G, G met sa main droite sur la main droite de F, & tord cette main jusques à ce que F lui lâche la poitrine; alors G ayant sa poitrine libre, il tourne avec sa main droite tout le bras droit de F, & mettant sa main gauche derriere le bras droit de F, il le fait tomber la tête la premiere.
  
 
|}
 
|}
{{hidden end}}
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{{master end}}
  
{{hidden begin
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{{master begin
| title     = <span style="font-size:130%;">The Seventh Part</span>
+
| title = The Seventh Part
| titlestyle= background:#f2f2f2; border:1px solid #aaaaaa; padding:10px; text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:60%;
+
| width = 150em
| bodystyle = display:block; width:140em;
 
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="wikitable floated master"
+
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! Images
+
! <p>Illustrations<br/></p>
 
+
! <p>{{rating|B}}<br/>by [[Remko Prevo]]</p>
! {{rating|B}}
+
! <p>''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Remko Prevo]]
+
! <p>''Der künstliche Ringer...''<br/></p>
! ''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''
+
! <p>''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Reinier van Noort]]
 
! ''Der künstliche Ringer...''
 
 
 
! ''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''
 
by Reinier van Noort
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 37.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 37.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''1.'''
 
| '''1.'''
 
H grabs G at the chest. With his left hand G hits H's hand loose and must grab behind H's sleeve of the arm G has just hit loose. In this way H's hand is driven away from the chest.
 
H grabs G at the chest. With his left hand G hits H's hand loose and must grab behind H's sleeve of the arm G has just hit loose. In this way H's hand is driven away from the chest.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 38.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 38.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''2.'''
 
| '''2.'''
 
H puts his left hand through his arm that was hit loose, he turns around a bit so that he is standing partly behind G. Standing like this, H can then force G to fall forward or in any other way, how ever he wants.
 
H puts his left hand through his arm that was hit loose, he turns around a bit so that he is standing partly behind G. Standing like this, H can then force G to fall forward or in any other way, how ever he wants.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 39.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 39.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''3.'''
 
| '''3.'''
 
Noticing that he is about to fall forward, G then kicks H's left leg away with his right leg. In this way H's hand looses it force and is even caught behind G's right arm. Forced in this way, H risks having his hand broken by G.
 
Noticing that he is about to fall forward, G then kicks H's left leg away with his right leg. In this way H's hand looses it force and is even caught behind G's right arm. Forced in this way, H risks having his hand broken by G.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 40.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| class="noline" | [[File:Nicolaes Petter 40.jpg|400x400px|center]]
| '''4.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''4.'''
 
To prevent this from happening H grabs G's arm with his right hand above G's arm and his left hand below G's elbow. In this way, H can force G backwards. This makes G's leg useless.
 
To prevent this from happening H grabs G's arm with his right hand above G's arm and his left hand below G's elbow. In this way, H can force G backwards. This makes G's leg useless.
| '''4.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''4.'''
 
Om dit gedreyght ongeluck te vermijden, geeft G soodanigen beenslagh aen H, dat hy terstont G buytens arms grijpt, met sijn rechter handt boven aen den arm van G, en met de slincker beneden den elleboogh, en alsoo dwingt hy hem achter over. Hier door sal het been van G, waer mede H sou geslagen hebben, krachteloos gemaeckt worden.
 
Om dit gedreyght ongeluck te vermijden, geeft G soodanigen beenslagh aen H, dat hy terstont G buytens arms grijpt, met sijn rechter handt boven aen den arm van G, en met de slincker beneden den elleboogh, en alsoo dwingt hy hem achter over. Hier door sal het been van G, waer mede H sou geslagen hebben, krachteloos gemaeckt worden.
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| '''Pag.40.No.4.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''Pag.40.No.4.'''
 
Pour éviter ce peril éminent, G donne à H un si grand coup avec sa jambe, que H prend sur le champ G par-dehors les bras, avec sa main droite au-dessus du bras droit de G, & avec sa main gauche au-dessous du coude de G, de sorte qu’il contraint G à se renverser, & par-là la jambe de G, avec laquelle il auroit pû repousser H, devient sans nulle force.
 
Pour éviter ce peril éminent, G donne à H un si grand coup avec sa jambe, que H prend sur le champ G par-dehors les bras, avec sa main droite au-dessus du bras droit de G, & avec sa main gauche au-dessous du coude de G, de sorte qu’il contraint G à se renverser, & par-là la jambe de G, avec laquelle il auroit pû repousser H, devient sans nulle force.
  
 
|}
 
|}
{{hidden end}}
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{{master end}}
  
{{hidden begin
+
{{master begin
| title     = <span style="font-size:130%;">The Eighth Part</span>
+
| title = The Eighth Part
| titlestyle= background:#f2f2f2; border:1px solid #aaaaaa; padding:10px; text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:60%;
+
| width = 150em
| bodystyle = display:block; width:140em;
 
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="wikitable floated master"
+
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! Images
+
! <p>Illustrations<br/></p>
 
+
! <p>{{rating|B}}<br/>by [[Remko Prevo]]</p>
! {{rating|B}}
+
! <p>''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Remko Prevo]]
+
! <p>''Der künstliche Ringer...''<br/></p>
! ''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''
+
! <p>''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Reinier van Noort]]
 
! ''Der künstliche Ringer...''
 
 
 
! ''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''
 
by Reinier van Noort
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 41.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 41.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''1. About fist punches.'''
 
| '''1. About fist punches.'''
 
H and J are both ready to hit each other with their fists. Standing like this (although the picture doesn't show this) one could kick the other to make him fall.
 
H and J are both ready to hit each other with their fists. Standing like this (although the picture doesn't show this) one could kick the other to make him fall.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 42.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 42.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''2.'''
 
| '''2.'''
 
H tries to hit J. But seeing this J ducks and H misses. J grabs H's left foot in order to make him fall.
 
H tries to hit J. But seeing this J ducks and H misses. J grabs H's left foot in order to make him fall.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 43.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 43.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''3.'''
 
| '''3.'''
 
Feeling that he's falling, H kicks J with his right knee against J's buttocks thus making him fall as well. H also tries to grab J's left leg but he cannot reach it.
 
Feeling that he's falling, H kicks J with his right knee against J's buttocks thus making him fall as well. H also tries to grab J's left leg but he cannot reach it.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 44.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 44.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''4.'''
 
| '''4.'''
 
When both got up to their feet again to hit each other with their fist again, H hits J first. J immediately grabs H's arm at the shoulder with his right hand. With his left J grabs H's right leg thus forcing him to fall. This can also be done in another way, which will be shown in the next picture.
 
When both got up to their feet again to hit each other with their fist again, H hits J first. J immediately grabs H's arm at the shoulder with his right hand. With his left J grabs H's right leg thus forcing him to fall. This can also be done in another way, which will be shown in the next picture.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 45.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 45.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''5.'''
 
| '''5.'''
 
J makes H fall down, holds his arm and pulls him round. He grabs H's left shoulder with his left hand and puts his left knee in H's lower back. He thus bows H backward thus making him fall down.
 
J makes H fall down, holds his arm and pulls him round. He grabs H's left shoulder with his left hand and puts his left knee in H's lower back. He thus bows H backward thus making him fall down.
Line 805: Line 754:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 46.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| class="noline" | [[File:Nicolaes Petter 46.jpg|400x400px|center]]
| '''6.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''6.'''
 
But in order not to fall, H has to try to get loose by wresting his shoulders. He can then grab one of J's hands, holding it and turn it (in this case J's left hand) backwards around J's back. He can put his other hand on the arm as well and thus make J fall or at least force him to.
 
But in order not to fall, H has to try to get loose by wresting his shoulders. He can then grab one of J's hands, holding it and turn it (in this case J's left hand) backwards around J's back. He can put his other hand on the arm as well and thus make J fall or at least force him to.
| '''6.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''6.'''
 
Doch om het vallen als boven te verhoeden, als I de knie (gelijck in de vorige Plaet is aengewesen) in de lendenen van H heeft geset, soo moet H, door 't wringen met sijn schouderen, soo verre soecken los te geraken, dat hy d'een of d'ander hant van I, los zijnde, kan vatten, en die gevat krijgende vast houden, en draeyen de selvige (dat hier de slincker is) achterwaerts na de rugh van I om, en setten sijn andere handt achter op dien omgedraeyden arm, waer door H dan I sal doen vallen, of kan hem ten minsten tot den val onvermijdelijck dwingen.
 
Doch om het vallen als boven te verhoeden, als I de knie (gelijck in de vorige Plaet is aengewesen) in de lendenen van H heeft geset, soo moet H, door 't wringen met sijn schouderen, soo verre soecken los te geraken, dat hy d'een of d'ander hant van I, los zijnde, kan vatten, en die gevat krijgende vast houden, en draeyen de selvige (dat hier de slincker is) achterwaerts na de rugh van I om, en setten sijn andere handt achter op dien omgedraeyden arm, waer door H dan I sal doen vallen, of kan hem ten minsten tot den val onvermijdelijck dwingen.
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| '''Pag.46.No.6.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''Pag.46.No.6.'''
 
Mais pour éviter de tomber, lorsque I a mis son genouil gauche dans les reins de H, (comme il est réprésenté dans la Planche précedente) H doit en tournant ses épaules faire tous ses efforts pour se débarrasser, afin qu’étant débarrassé il puisse empoigner l’une ou l’autre main de I, & que trouvant moyen de l’empoigner il la tienne fortement & la tourne (c’est ici la main gauche) par derriere vers le dos de I, & qu’il mette son autre main sur le bras tourné de I, par-où H fera tomber I, ou du moins il peut le contraindre à tomber infailliblement.
 
Mais pour éviter de tomber, lorsque I a mis son genouil gauche dans les reins de H, (comme il est réprésenté dans la Planche précedente) H doit en tournant ses épaules faire tous ses efforts pour se débarrasser, afin qu’étant débarrassé il puisse empoigner l’une ou l’autre main de I, & que trouvant moyen de l’empoigner il la tienne fortement & la tourne (c’est ici la main gauche) par derriere vers le dos de I, & qu’il mette son autre main sur le bras tourné de I, par-où H fera tomber I, ou du moins il peut le contraindre à tomber infailliblement.
  
 
|}
 
|}
{{hidden end}}
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{{master end}}
  
{{hidden begin
+
{{master begin
| title     = <span style="font-size:130%;">The Ninth Part</span>
+
| title = The Ninth Part
| titlestyle= background:#f2f2f2; border:1px solid #aaaaaa; padding:10px; text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:60%;
+
| width = 150em
| bodystyle = display:block; width:140em;
 
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="wikitable floated master"
+
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! Images
+
! <p>Illustrations<br/></p>
 
+
! <p>{{rating|B}}<br/>by [[Remko Prevo]]</p>
! {{rating|B}}
+
! <p>''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Remko Prevo]]
+
! <p>''Der künstliche Ringer...''<br/></p>
! ''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''
+
! <p>''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Reinier van Noort]]
 
! ''Der künstliche Ringer...''
 
 
 
! ''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''
 
by Reinier van Noort
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
Line 846: Line 789:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 47.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 47.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''1.'''
 
| '''1.'''
 
J and K are ready to grab each other and K's threatening to hit J. J hits K's right wrist with his right hand and bows down. He grabs K's behind the knee with his left hand. Pulling K's left arm over his shoulder he can then carry him where ever he wants.  
 
J and K are ready to grab each other and K's threatening to hit J. J hits K's right wrist with his right hand and bows down. He grabs K's behind the knee with his left hand. Pulling K's left arm over his shoulder he can then carry him where ever he wants.  
Line 856: Line 799:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 48.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 48.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''2.'''
 
| '''2.'''
 
If K is not expecting this, he just has to accept to be carried away on J's shoulder even though he is bigger and heavier than K.
 
If K is not expecting this, he just has to accept to be carried away on J's shoulder even though he is bigger and heavier than K.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 49.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 49.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''3.'''
 
| '''3.'''
 
If K knows the following grab, he would push J's head down. In this way J is no longer able to carry K away.
 
If K knows the following grab, he would push J's head down. In this way J is no longer able to carry K away.
Line 876: Line 819:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 50.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| class="noline" | [[File:Nicolaes Petter 50.jpg|400x400px|center]]
| '''4.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''4.'''
 
J feeling that his head is being pushed down, grabs K's left arm on the outside and puts his head back up. With his left hand he lifts K's left leg and thus throws him backwards.
 
J feeling that his head is being pushed down, grabs K's left arm on the outside and puts his head back up. With his left hand he lifts K's left leg and thus throws him backwards.
| '''4.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''4.'''
 
I voelende dat sijn hooft neergedruckt wort, brengt den  slincker arm van K uytwaert aen, en halende sijn hooft te rugh, licht met sijn slincker hant het slincker been op van K, en smijt hem alsoo achter over.
 
I voelende dat sijn hooft neergedruckt wort, brengt den  slincker arm van K uytwaert aen, en halende sijn hooft te rugh, licht met sijn slincker hant het slincker been op van K, en smijt hem alsoo achter over.
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| '''[Pag.]50.No.4.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''[Pag.]50.No.4.'''
 
I sentant que sa tête est pressée en bas, il repousse en dehors le bras gauche de K, & retirant sa tôte il enleve avec sa main gauche la jambe gauche de K, & le jette ainsi à la renverse.
 
I sentant que sa tête est pressée en bas, il repousse en dehors le bras gauche de K, & retirant sa tôte il enleve avec sa main gauche la jambe gauche de K, & le jette ainsi à la renverse.
  
 
|}
 
|}
{{hidden end}}
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{{master end}}
  
{{hidden begin
+
{{master begin
| title     = <span style="font-size:130%;">The Tenth Part</span>
+
| title = The Tenth Part
| titlestyle= background:#f2f2f2; border:1px solid #aaaaaa; padding:10px; text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:60%;
+
| width = 150em
| bodystyle = display:block; width:140em;
 
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="wikitable floated master"
+
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! Images
+
! <p>Illustrations<br/></p>
 
+
! <p>{{rating|B}}<br/>by [[Remko Prevo]]</p>
! {{rating|B}}
+
! <p>''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Remko Prevo]]
+
! <p>''Der künstliche Ringer...''<br/></p>
! ''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''
+
! <p>''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Reinier van Noort]]
 
! ''Der künstliche Ringer...''
 
 
 
! ''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''
 
by Reinier van Noort
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
Line 917: Line 854:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 51.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 51.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''The first throat grip.'''
 
| '''The first throat grip.'''
 
K grabs L at the throat. L, throwing down his hat, turns his head outwards underneath K's arm. This makes K's hand completely useless.
 
K grabs L at the throat. L, throwing down his hat, turns his head outwards underneath K's arm. This makes K's hand completely useless.
Line 928: Line 865:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 52.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 52.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''The second throat grip.'''
 
| '''The second throat grip.'''
 
K grabs L at the throat with his right hand, threatening to hit him with his left hand. Expecting this, L then raises both hands and hits down on K's underarm. K is thus forced to let go.
 
K grabs L at the throat with his right hand, threatening to hit him with his left hand. Expecting this, L then raises both hands and hits down on K's underarm. K is thus forced to let go.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 53.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 53.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''The third throat grip.'''
 
| '''The third throat grip.'''
 
K grabs L at the throat in the same way as was shown in the last picture. Again L raises both hands but now hits K's elbow. K is again forced to let go.
 
K grabs L at the throat in the same way as was shown in the last picture. Again L raises both hands but now hits K's elbow. K is again forced to let go.
Line 948: Line 885:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 54.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| class="noline" | [[File:Nicolaes Petter 54.jpg|400x400px|center]]
| '''The fourth throat grip.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''The fourth throat grip.'''
 
Again, K grabs L at the throat. Noticing this, L then grabs this arm of K with both hands. With his right hand he grabs K's wrist and with his left hand he grabs the arm just above the elbow, while he bends his arm inwards. In this way, it is almost impossible for K to free his hand. Should this happen though, by twisting it for long time, L can then press K's hand against his chest, while he kicks K's foot. Alternatively, he can kick K's balls with his knee, which can provoke quite an unpleasant feeling.
 
Again, K grabs L at the throat. Noticing this, L then grabs this arm of K with both hands. With his right hand he grabs K's wrist and with his left hand he grabs the arm just above the elbow, while he bends his arm inwards. In this way, it is almost impossible for K to free his hand. Should this happen though, by twisting it for long time, L can then press K's hand against his chest, while he kicks K's foot. Alternatively, he can kick K's balls with his knee, which can provoke quite an unpleasant feeling.
| '''De vierde Krop-greep.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''De vierde Krop-greep.'''
 
K vat wederom L by de krop, die dit gewaer wordende, met beyde sijne handen den arm vat van K, met welcken hy de krop van L aengegrepen heeft, slaende sijn rechter hant op de pols van de handt van K, en sijn slincker hant achter boven den elleboogh, en buyght ondertusschen sijnen arm innewaert aen, soo is 't voor K byna onmogelijck de hant los te krijgen. Indien het evenwel mocht gebeuren, gelijck het mogelijck is, dat L door geduurigh wringen de handt van K quam los te krijgen, soo set L die los gewrongen handt van K tegens desselfs borst aen, slaet met sijn been K onder de voet, of stoot met sijn knie tegen sijn gemacht aen, 't welck hem bysondere ongelegentheyt toebrengen kan.
 
K vat wederom L by de krop, die dit gewaer wordende, met beyde sijne handen den arm vat van K, met welcken hy de krop van L aengegrepen heeft, slaende sijn rechter hant op de pols van de handt van K, en sijn slincker hant achter boven den elleboogh, en buyght ondertusschen sijnen arm innewaert aen, soo is 't voor K byna onmogelijck de hant los te krijgen. Indien het evenwel mocht gebeuren, gelijck het mogelijck is, dat L door geduurigh wringen de handt van K quam los te krijgen, soo set L die los gewrongen handt van K tegens desselfs borst aen, slaet met sijn been K onder de voet, of stoot met sijn knie tegen sijn gemacht aen, 't welck hem bysondere ongelegentheyt toebrengen kan.
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| '''[Pag].54.No.4.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''[Pag].54.No.4.'''
 
K prend encore avec son bras droit L au gosier, lequel s’en appercevant empoigne avec ses deux mains le bras de K, avec lequel il a pris le gosier de L, mettant sa main droite sur le poignet de la main droite de K, & sa main gauche par-dessus le coude de K, & cependant il plie son bras en dedans, de sorte qu’il est presque impossible à K de débarrasser sa main. Si pourtant il arrivoit (comme cela peut arriver) que L en tordant sans cette la main de K vint à la detacher, L pousse cette main de K, qu’il a detachée en la tordant, contre la poitrine de K, & il frappe avec sa jambe droite K sous le pied, ou il pousse son genouil contre celui de K, ce qui peut extremement incommoder K.
 
K prend encore avec son bras droit L au gosier, lequel s’en appercevant empoigne avec ses deux mains le bras de K, avec lequel il a pris le gosier de L, mettant sa main droite sur le poignet de la main droite de K, & sa main gauche par-dessus le coude de K, & cependant il plie son bras en dedans, de sorte qu’il est presque impossible à K de débarrasser sa main. Si pourtant il arrivoit (comme cela peut arriver) que L en tordant sans cette la main de K vint à la detacher, L pousse cette main de K, qu’il a detachée en la tordant, contre la poitrine de K, & il frappe avec sa jambe droite K sous le pied, ou il pousse son genouil contre celui de K, ce qui peut extremement incommoder K.
  
 
|}
 
|}
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{{hidden begin
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{{master begin
| title     = <span style="font-size:130%;">The Eleventh Part</span>
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| title = The Eleventh Part
| titlestyle= background:#f2f2f2; border:1px solid #aaaaaa; padding:10px; text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:60%;
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| width = 150em
| bodystyle = display:block; width:140em;
 
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="wikitable floated master"
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{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! Images
+
! <p>Illustrations<br/></p>
 
+
! <p>{{rating|B}}<br/>by [[Remko Prevo]]</p>
! {{rating|B}}
+
! <p>''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Remko Prevo]]
+
! <p>''Der künstliche Ringer...''<br/></p>
! ''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''
+
! <p>''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Reinier van Noort]]
 
! ''Der künstliche Ringer...''
 
 
 
! ''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''
 
by Reinier van Noort
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 55.jpg|300x300px|center]]
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| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 55.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''1.'''
 
| '''1.'''
 
First M kicks L with his left foot and with his right hand he hits L's face.
 
First M kicks L with his left foot and with his right hand he hits L's face.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 56.jpg|300x300px|center]]
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| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 56.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''2.'''
 
| '''2.'''
 
L feels in his pocket to reach for his knife. At the moment he wants to bring out the knife from his pocket, M puts his left hand through L's arm and twists L's arm round. In this way, it is impossible for L to use his knife.
 
L feels in his pocket to reach for his knife. At the moment he wants to bring out the knife from his pocket, M puts his left hand through L's arm and twists L's arm round. In this way, it is impossible for L to use his knife.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 57.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 57.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''3.'''
 
| '''3.'''
 
In case L brings out the knife quicker, M grabs L's right wrist with his right hand and grabs L's arm with his left hand. In this way he can wrench L's arm.
 
In case L brings out the knife quicker, M grabs L's right wrist with his right hand and grabs L's arm with his left hand. In this way he can wrench L's arm.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 58.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 58.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''4.'''
 
| '''4.'''
 
M wrenches L's arm completely and puts it on his shoulder.
 
M wrenches L's arm completely and puts it on his shoulder.
Line 1,029: Line 960:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 59.jpg|300x300px|center]]
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| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 59.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''5.'''
 
| '''5.'''
 
To break L's hand that holds the knife, M can bring the arm over his head and put it on his other shoulder to break the arm more easily.
 
To break L's hand that holds the knife, M can bring the arm over his head and put it on his other shoulder to break the arm more easily.
Line 1,039: Line 970:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 60.jpg|300x300px|center]]
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| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 60.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''6.'''
 
| '''6.'''
 
When he his holding L's arm as shown in figure 3, M can also wrench L's arm behind his own back and put his left foot behind L's knee.
 
When he his holding L's arm as shown in figure 3, M can also wrench L's arm behind his own back and put his left foot behind L's knee.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 61.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 61.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''7.'''
 
| '''7.'''
 
Having put his left foot behind L's knee, M pulls the arm a bit higher and forces L to fall forward. Putting his left knee on L's lower back and pulling the arm even higher he renders L completely helpless.
 
Having put his left foot behind L's knee, M pulls the arm a bit higher and forces L to fall forward. Putting his left knee on L's lower back and pulling the arm even higher he renders L completely helpless.
Line 1,059: Line 990:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 62.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 62.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''8.'''
 
| '''8.'''
 
Still holding L's wrist with his right hand and with his left hand on L's arm (as shown in figure 3), M can wrench L's hand towards his own chest and kick away L's right leg with his left foot. This makes L fall backward and this enables M to hurt L with his own knife.
 
Still holding L's wrist with his right hand and with his left hand on L's arm (as shown in figure 3), M can wrench L's hand towards his own chest and kick away L's right leg with his left foot. This makes L fall backward and this enables M to hurt L with his own knife.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 63.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 63.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''9.'''
 
| '''9.'''
 
When L has pulled the knife and prepares to stab M from above, M grabs L's wrist with his left hand and grabs L's elbow with his right hand at the same time. He can wrench L's arm outward and render him helpless.
 
When L has pulled the knife and prepares to stab M from above, M grabs L's wrist with his left hand and grabs L's elbow with his right hand at the same time. He can wrench L's arm outward and render him helpless.
Line 1,079: Line 1,010:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 64.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| class="noline" | [[File:Nicolaes Petter 64.jpg|400x400px|center]]
| '''10.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''10.'''
 
If L wants to stab M, M can kick the knife from L's hand using either of his feet to kick under L's wrist.
 
If L wants to stab M, M can kick the knife from L's hand using either of his feet to kick under L's wrist.
| '''10.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''10.'''
 
Indien L noch een snede van boven soeckt te brengen, kan M, in een fortsige postuur gestelt, door een schop, met het een of het ander been, onder 't gewricht van de handt van L, hem het Mes uyt de handt doen vliegen.
 
Indien L noch een snede van boven soeckt te brengen, kan M, in een fortsige postuur gestelt, door een schop, met het een of het ander been, onder 't gewricht van de handt van L, hem het Mes uyt de handt doen vliegen.
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| '''[Pa]g.64.No.10.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''[Pa]g.64.No.10.'''
 
Si L tâche encore de faire par enhaut une balafre à M, M s’étant mis dans une bonne posture, peut faire sauter le couteau de la main de L en lui donnant un coup de l’un ou l’autre de ses pieds sous le poignet de sa main droite.
 
Si L tâche encore de faire par enhaut une balafre à M, M s’étant mis dans une bonne posture, peut faire sauter le couteau de la main de L en lui donnant un coup de l’un ou l’autre de ses pieds sous le poignet de sa main droite.
  
 
|}
 
|}
{{hidden end}}
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{{master end}}
  
{{hidden begin
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{{master begin
| title     = <span style="font-size:130%;">The Twelfth Part</span>
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| title = The Twelfth Part
| titlestyle= background:#f2f2f2; border:1px solid #aaaaaa; padding:10px; text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:60%;
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| width = 150em
| bodystyle = display:block; width:140em;
 
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="wikitable floated master"
+
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! Images
+
! <p>Illustrations<br/></p>
 
+
! <p>{{rating|B}}<br/>by [[Remko Prevo]]</p>
! {{rating|B}}
+
! <p>''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Remko Prevo]]
+
! <p>''Der künstliche Ringer...''<br/></p>
! ''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''
+
! <p>''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Reinier van Noort]]
 
! ''Der künstliche Ringer...''
 
 
 
! ''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''
 
by Reinier van Noort
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 65.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 65.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''1. About how to push someone over using one's head or how to throw someone over one's head.'''
 
| '''1. About how to push someone over using one's head or how to throw someone over one's head.'''
 
When M is standing opposite N, he can run forward bowing his head down and thus push N over running his head into N's stomach. However, when noticing this N steps a little aside and M misses. N then places his left hand on M's neck and his right hand on M's trousers. He pushes M forward and makes him fall.
 
When M is standing opposite N, he can run forward bowing his head down and thus push N over running his head into N's stomach. However, when noticing this N steps a little aside and M misses. N then places his left hand on M's neck and his right hand on M's trousers. He pushes M forward and makes him fall.
Line 1,121: Line 1,046:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 66.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| class="noline" | [[File:Nicolaes Petter 66.jpg|400x400px|center]]
| '''2.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''2.'''
 
When M is running towards N with his head bowed down, he can drop on one knee and grab N strongly at his knees using both his hands. When he tilts his head upwards again he can easily throw N over his head.
 
When M is running towards N with his head bowed down, he can drop on one knee and grab N strongly at his knees using both his hands. When he tilts his head upwards again he can easily throw N over his head.
| '''2.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''2.'''
 
Als M, met het hooft gebuckt, tegen den buyck van N loopen kan, mach hy op  sijn eene knie vallen, en ter  selver tijdt hem met beyde handen sterck in de knie-knepen vatten, waer na sijn hooft oprechtende, sal hy dan N lichtelijck over hem heen konnen werpen.
 
Als M, met het hooft gebuckt, tegen den buyck van N loopen kan, mach hy op  sijn eene knie vallen, en ter  selver tijdt hem met beyde handen sterck in de knie-knepen vatten, waer na sijn hooft oprechtende, sal hy dan N lichtelijck over hem heen konnen werpen.
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| '''[P]ag.66.No.2.'''
+
| class="noline" | '''[P]ag.66.No.2.'''
 
Si M en courbant sa tête peut se lancer contre le ventre de N, il le fait tomber sur son genouil droit, & dans le même temps il lui empoigne les jarrets avec ses deux mains, ensuite redressant sa tête il pourra aisément jetter N par-dessus son dos.
 
Si M en courbant sa tête peut se lancer contre le ventre de N, il le fait tomber sur son genouil droit, & dans le même temps il lui empoigne les jarrets avec ses deux mains, ensuite redressant sa tête il pourra aisément jetter N par-dessus son dos.
  
 
|}
 
|}
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{{hidden begin
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{{master begin
| title     = <span style="font-size:130%;">The Thirteenth Part</span>
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| title = The Thirteenth Part
| titlestyle= background:#f2f2f2; border:1px solid #aaaaaa; padding:10px; text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:60%;
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| width = 150em
| bodystyle = display:block; width:140em;
 
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="wikitable floated master"
+
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! Images
+
! <p>Illustrations<br/></p>
 
+
! <p>{{rating|B}}<br/>by [[Remko Prevo]]</p>
! {{rating|B}}
+
! <p>''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Remko Prevo]]
+
! <p>''Der künstliche Ringer...''<br/></p>
! ''[[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst]]''
+
! <p>''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''<br/>by [[Reinier van Noort]]</p>
by [[Reinier van Noort]]
 
! ''Der künstliche Ringer...''
 
 
 
! ''L’Académie de l’admirable art de la Lutte''
 
by Reinier van Noort
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 67.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 67.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''1. About grabbing shoulders and neck and fast kicking.'''
 
| '''1. About grabbing shoulders and neck and fast kicking.'''
 
<br/>N and O have grabbed each other at the shoulder using both of their hands and are both trying to unbalance the other and trying to get hold of the other person's legs. When N, being the strongest, is able to push O sideways he kicks away O's right leg with his left foot.
 
<br/>N and O have grabbed each other at the shoulder using both of their hands and are both trying to unbalance the other and trying to get hold of the other person's legs. When N, being the strongest, is able to push O sideways he kicks away O's right leg with his left foot.
Line 1,162: Line 1,081:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 68.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 68.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''2.'''
 
| '''2.'''
 
Expecting this however, O lifts his foot slightly and N misses. When O puts his foot down again behind N's leg which enables him to kick away N's foot.
 
Expecting this however, O lifts his foot slightly and N misses. When O puts his foot down again behind N's leg which enables him to kick away N's foot.
Line 1,172: Line 1,091:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 69.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 69.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''3.'''
 
| '''3.'''
 
But N then lets go his right hand of O's arm and grabs him at the left shoulder. At the same time he lets go of O's right hand and places his left hand around O's neck. He pushes him downwards, having put his left leg behind O's left leg to make him fall backwards.
 
But N then lets go his right hand of O's arm and grabs him at the left shoulder. At the same time he lets go of O's right hand and places his left hand around O's neck. He pushes him downwards, having put his left leg behind O's left leg to make him fall backwards.
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|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 70.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 70.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''4.'''
 
| '''4.'''
 
Feeling that he can't remain standing, O lets go his left hand of N's shoulder and places his right hand around N's waste. He kneels down on his left knee and grabs N's leg just above the foot with his left hand. In this way he can make N fall forwards.
 
Feeling that he can't remain standing, O lets go his left hand of N's shoulder and places his right hand around N's waste. He kneels down on his left knee and grabs N's leg just above the foot with his left hand. In this way he can make N fall forwards.
Line 1,192: Line 1,111:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 71.jpg|300x300px|center]]
+
| [[File:Nicolaes Petter 71.jpg|400x400px|center]]
 
| '''5.'''
 
| '''5.'''
 
This last one is another special way to make the opponent fall down, because O can place his left foot behind N's left leg and quickly grab N at the throat. In this way he can make N fall backwards very easily.
 
This last one is another special way to make the opponent fall down, because O can place his left foot behind N's left leg and quickly grab N at the throat. In this way he can make N fall backwards very easily.
Line 1,202: Line 1,121:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| The End
+
| class="noline" | The End
| EYNDE.
+
| class="noline" | EYNDE.
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| FIN.
+
| class="noline" | FIN.
  
 
|}
 
|}
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{{master begin
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| title = Copyright and License Summary
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| width = 100%
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}}
 +
For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the [[Talk:{{PAGENAME}}|discussion page]].
 +
 
 +
<section begin="sourcebox"/>{{sourcebox header}}
 +
{{sourcebox
 +
| work        = Illustrations
 +
| authors    = [[Romeyn de Hooghe]]
 +
| source link =
 +
| source title= ''Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst''
 +
| license    = public domain
 +
}}
 +
{{sourcebox
 +
| work        = Translation
 +
| authors    = [[Remko Prevo]]
 +
| source link = http://www.sirwilliamhope.org/Library/Petter/Petter.php
 +
| source title= The Linacre School of Defence
 +
| license    = noncommercial
 +
}}
 +
{{sourcebox
 +
| work        = [[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|Dutch Version]]
 +
| authors    = [[Reinier van Noort]]
 +
| source link = http://www.bruchius.com/docs/Petter%20-%20Worstel-konst%20-%201674%20-%20Transcription%20by%20RvN.pdf
 +
| source title= De School voor Historische Schermkunsten
 +
| license    = educational
 +
}}
 +
{{sourcebox
 +
| work        = [[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|German Version]]
 +
| authors    =
 +
| source link =
 +
| source title=
 +
| license    =
 +
}}
 +
{{sourcebox
 +
| work        = [[Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst (Nicolaes Petter)|French Version]]
 +
| authors    = [[Reinier van Noort]]
 +
| source link = http://www.bruchius.com/docs/Art%20de%20la%20Lutte%20-%201712%20-%20Transcription%20by%20RvN.pdf
 +
| source title= De School voor Historische Schermkunsten
 +
| license    = educational
 +
}}
 +
{{sourcebox footer}}
 +
 
 +
'''Additional Transcription Note:''' Copyright 2010 by Reinier van Noort. Subject to Fair Use. Users may, without further permission, display, save, and print this work for personal, non commercial use, provided that the copyright notice is not severed from the work. Libraries may store this material and non-commercially redistribute it to their patrons in electronic or printed form for personal, non-commercial use, provided that the copyright notice is not severed from the work.<section end="sourcebox"/>
 +
{{master end}}
  
 
== Additional Resources ==
 
== Additional Resources ==
  
* [[Jerome Blanes|Blanes, Jerome]]. ''Nicolaes Petter, the Biography''. Lulu.com, 2014. ISBN 978-1105916694
+
* [[Jerome Blanes|Blanes, Jerome]]. ''Nicolaes Petter, the Biography''. Self-published, 2014. ISBN 978-1105916694
 
* [[Ott Jud]]; [[Albrecht Dürer|Dürer, Albrecht]]; [[Fabian von Auerswald|Auerswald, Fabian von]]; [[Nicolaes Petter|Petter, Nicolaes]]; [[Johann Georg Pascha|Paschen, Johann]]. ''Chronik alter Kampfkünste: Zeichnungen und Texte aus Schriften alter Meister entstanden 1443-1674''. Weinmann, 2003. ISBN 978-3878920311
 
* [[Ott Jud]]; [[Albrecht Dürer|Dürer, Albrecht]]; [[Fabian von Auerswald|Auerswald, Fabian von]]; [[Nicolaes Petter|Petter, Nicolaes]]; [[Johann Georg Pascha|Paschen, Johann]]. ''Chronik alter Kampfkünste: Zeichnungen und Texte aus Schriften alter Meister entstanden 1443-1674''. Weinmann, 2003. ISBN 978-3878920311
* [[Nicolaes Petter|Petter, Nicolaes]]. ''Nicolaes Petter - Self Defense Martial Art''. Trans. [[Jerome Blanes]]. [http://www.lulu.com/product/couverture-souple/nicolaes-petter---self-defense-martial-art/14443158 Lulu.com], 2011. ISBN 978-1-4583-2353-8
+
* [[Reinier van Noort|van Noort, Reinier]]. ''Nicolaes Petter’s Clear instructions in the excellent Art of Grappling''. Self-published, 2019.
 +
* Petter, Nicolaes. ''Nicolaes Petter - Self Defense Martial Art''. Trans. [[Jerome Blanes]]. Self-published, 2011. ISBN 978-1-4583-2353-8
 
* [[Karl Wassmannsdorff|Wassmannsdorff, Karl]]. ''[http://geb.uni-giessen.de/geb/volltexte/2009/6874/pdf/Petter-RingKunst-1887.pdf Nicolaes Petter's Ring-Kunst vom Jahre 1674]''. Karl Groos: Heidelberg, 1887.
 
* [[Karl Wassmannsdorff|Wassmannsdorff, Karl]]. ''[http://geb.uni-giessen.de/geb/volltexte/2009/6874/pdf/Petter-RingKunst-1887.pdf Nicolaes Petter's Ring-Kunst vom Jahre 1674]''. Karl Groos: Heidelberg, 1887.
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
  
{{reflist}}
+
{{reflist|2}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Petter, Nicolaes}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Petter, Nicolaes}}
 
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[[Category:Grappling]]
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Latest revision as of 17:42, 17 July 2021

Nicolaes Petter
Born 1624
Mommenheim
Died 1672 (aged 48)
Amsterdam
Resting place Leidsche Kerkhof, Amsterdam
Occupation
Nationality German
Genres Wrestling manual
Language Dutch
Notable work(s) Klare Onderrichtinge der
Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst

(1674)
First printed
english edition
Blanes 2011
Concordance by Michael Chidester
Translations Deutsch-Übersetzung
Signature Nicolaes Petter Sig.jpg

Nicolaes Petter (1624 – 1672) was a 17th century German wine merchant and wrestling master. He was born in Mommenheim, Germany, and took on an apprenticeship in Amsterdam, Netherlands as a young man.[citation needed] He then joined the wine guild and went on to become a successful wine merchant. Petter practiced a style of grappling known as luctorius, and was known in his time as an undefeatable wrestler.[citation needed] His clientele seems to have consisted mostly of upper-class gentlemen, and the techniques he taught were considered more "civilized" than common wrestling.[citation needed]

Petter wrote an extensive treatise on grappling as a means of urban self-defense titled Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst ("Clear Education in the Magnificent Art of Wrestling"), but did not publish it before his death in 1672. His widow inherited the manuscript and published it with illustrator Romeyn de Hooghe in 1674,[citation needed] and it was reprinted and translated many times in the following centuries. Sydney Anglo describes this text as "historically speaking, [one of] the [two] most important treatises on unarmed combat ever printed", and notes that "in many ways, the finest of all wrestling books—and deservedly the most famous—was the treatise by Nicolaes Petter and Romeyn de Hooghe".[1]

Treatise

Additional Resources

References

  1. Anglo, Sydney. The Martial Arts of Renaissance Europe. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2000. p 190-192