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Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (M.A.M. Kal MS)

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Paulus Kal Fechtbuch
Museo delle Arti Marziali
Botticino, Italy
(No scans available)
Type Fencing manual
Date ca. 1470 - 1500
Language(s) Uncertain
Author(s) Paulus Kal
Scribe(s) Unknown
Illustrator(s) Unknown
Size At least 5 leaves
Format Double-sided; one illustration per side
with one-word captions

The Gotti MS is an illuminated manuscript created in the late 1400s based on Paulus Kal's German fencing manual of ca. 1470. It was sold at auction as individual leaves in Italy in the 20th century; only five pages are currently known to exist, but the original total is unknown, as are the locations of any other leaves from the text. It is unique among the versions of Kal's treatise in that it has single-word captions in Latin or Italian instead of the original Early New High German text; this lack of German text suggests that it was probably copied from either the MS 1825 or the MS KK5126, the two textless versions that include the same content. The illustrations in the Gotti MS are elaborately painted but show less technical precision than the archetype, suggesting that Kal was not involved in its creation.

Kal's treatise consists of a partial redaction of the writings of Johannes Liechtenauer on Kampffechten, Roßfechten, and Bloßfechten, as well as Kal's own teachings on a variety of other weapons. It differs from the works of other followers of Liechtenauer in that instead of offering extensive glosses of the high master's verses, Kal explains them with detailed illustrations.



1 Sword and buckler by Paulus Kal (fragment)
2 - 5 Long Sword by Paulus Kal (fragment)


Additional Resources

The following is a list of publications containing scans, transcriptions, and translations relevant to this article, as well as published peer-reviewed research.



Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Transcription Index:Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (Gotti MS)