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| alternative title(s)  = Play in the sweeping-upon
 
| alternative title(s)  = Play in the sweeping-upon
 
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| ascribed to          = {{plainlist
 
| ascribed to          = {{plainlist
  | [[Andre Paurñfeyndt]]
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  | [[Andre Paurenfeyndt]]
 
  | [[Sigmund ain Ringeck]]
 
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  | [[Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)|MS Dresd. C.487]] (1504-19)
 
  | [[Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)|MS Dresd. C.487]] (1504-19)
 
  | [[Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)|MS E.1939.65.341]] (1508)
 
  | [[Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)|MS E.1939.65.341]] (1508)
  | [[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Cod. I.6.2º.2]] (1564)
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  | [[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Cod. .6.2º.2]] (1564)
 
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'''''Stuck im aufstreichen''''' ("Play in the sweeping-upon") is a brief [[nationality::German]] [[fencing manual]] from the early [[century::16th century]]. The author of this treatise is unknown, though it has been variously attributed to [[Sigmund ain Ringeck]] (due to its presence in the MS Dresd.C.487, which was once erroneously attributed to Ringeck) and [[Andre Paurñfeyndt]] (who includes it in his treatment of long sword fencing, but who also borrows from other authors like [[Andre Lignitzer]] without attribution).  
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'''''Stuck im aufstreichen''''' ("Play in the sweeping-upon") is a brief [[nationality::German]] [[fencing manual]] from the early [[century::16th century]]. The author of this treatise is unknown, though it has been variously attributed to [[Sigmund ain Ringeck]] (due to its presence in the MS Dresd.C.487, which was once erroneously attributed to Ringeck) and [[Andre Paurenfeyndt]] (who includes it in his treatment of long sword fencing, but who also borrows from other authors like [[Andre Lignitzer]] without attribution).  
  
 
It consists of several plays of fencing with the two-handed sword, primarily from a low guard called [[iron gate]] or [[side guard]], and it both mentions the Recital and shows familiarity with the principles of [[Liechtenauer]]'s fencing. The iron gate is also discussed in an [[Other Masters (14th Century)|earlier treatise]] by [[Andres Juden]], [[Hans Döbringer]], [[Jobs von der Nissen]], and [[Nicklass Preußen]], but there is little technical overlap between the two works (though both treatises are included in MS E.1939.65.341).
 
It consists of several plays of fencing with the two-handed sword, primarily from a low guard called [[iron gate]] or [[side guard]], and it both mentions the Recital and shows familiarity with the principles of [[Liechtenauer]]'s fencing. The iron gate is also discussed in an [[Other Masters (14th Century)|earlier treatise]] by [[Andres Juden]], [[Hans Döbringer]], [[Jobs von der Nissen]], and [[Nicklass Preußen]], but there is little technical overlap between the two works (though both treatises are included in MS E.1939.65.341).
  
The oldest known copies of this work are two manuscripts from the early 16th century, [[Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)|MS Dresd.C.487]] (1504-19) and [[Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)|MS E.1939.65.341]] (1508). It was also published by Freifechter [[Andre Paurñfeyndt]] in 1516 as the final section of the teachings on the two-handed sword in his treatise ''[[Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurñfeyndt)|Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey]]'' ("Foundation of the Chivalric Art of Swordplay").<ref>''[[Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurñfeyndt)|Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey]]'' is internally dated on [[page:E.1939.65.357 K4r.jpg|page K4r]].</ref> (Paurñfeyndt's text would be reprinted by [[Christian Egenolff]] four times between 1531 and 1558,<ref>The first three printings of ''Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche Kunst'' are undated, but the first edition must have been produced between 1531, when Egenolff set up his shop in Frankfurt-am-Main, and artist Hans Weiditz' death in 1537; the second and third editions were released some time before Egenolff's own death in 1555. The only dated edition was published by Egenolff's heirs in 1558 (see [[page:DAFaK 1558 mIIIv.jpg|page XLVIIv]]).</ref> transcribed by [[Lienhart Sollinger]] into the [[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Cod. I.6.2º.2]] in 1564,<ref>The material in [[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Cod. I.6.2º.2]] based on Paurñfeyndt is internally dated on [[page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 71r.jpg|folio 71r]]</ref> and translated to [[Middle Walloon]] and printed by [[Willem Vorsterman]] in 1538.<ref>''La noble science des ioueurs d'espee'' is internally dated on [[page:Hn 236 35v.jpg|page 35v]].</ref>)
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The oldest known copies of this work are two manuscripts from the early 16th century, [[Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)|MS Dresd.C.487]] (1504-19) and [[Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)|MS E.1939.65.341]] (1508). It was also published by Freifechter [[Andre Paurenfeyndt]] in 1516 as the final section of the teachings on the two-handed sword in his treatise ''[[Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurenfeyndt)|Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey]]'' ("Foundation of the Chivalric Art of Swordplay").<ref>''[[Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurenfeyndt)|Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey]]'' is internally dated on [[Page:Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurenfeyndt) 1516.pdf/85|page 78]].</ref> (Paurenfeyndt's text would be reprinted by [[Christian Egenolff]] four times between 1531 and 1558,<ref>The first three printings of ''Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche Kunst'' are undated, but the first edition must have been produced between 1531, when Egenolff set up his shop in Frankfurt-am-Main, and artist Hans Weiditz' death in 1537; the second and third editions were released some time before Egenolff's own death in 1555. The only dated edition was published by Egenolff's heirs in 1558 (see [[page:DAFaK 1558 mIIIv.jpg|page 47v]]).</ref> transcribed by [[Lienhart Sollinger]] into the [[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Cod. .6.2º.2]] in 1564,<ref>The material in [[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Cod. .6.2º.2]] based on Paurenfeyndt is internally dated on [[page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 71r.jpg|folio 71r]]</ref> and translated to [[Middle Walloon]] and printed by [[Willem Vorsterman]] in 1538.<ref>''La noble science des ioueurs d'espee'' is internally dated on [[Page:La noble science des ioueurs d'espee (Andre Paurenfeyndt) 1538.pdf/81|page 70]].</ref>)
  
 
== Treatise ==
 
== Treatise ==
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! <p>[[Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)|Dresden Transcription]] (1504-19){{edit index|Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)|Dresden Transcription]] (1504-19){{edit index|Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)|Glasgow Transcription]] (1508){{edit index|Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)|Glasgow Transcription]] (1508){{edit index|Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>''[[Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurñfeyndt)|Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey]]'' (1516){{edit index|Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurñfeyndt) 1516.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
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! <p>''[[Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurenfeyndt)|Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey]]'' (1516){{edit index|Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurenfeyndt) 1516.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 
! <p>''[[Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche kunst (Christian Egenolff)‎‎|Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche kunst]]'' (1530s){{edit index|Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche kunst (Christian Egenolff) 1531-1537.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 
! <p>''[[Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche kunst (Christian Egenolff)‎‎|Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche kunst]]'' (1530s){{edit index|Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche kunst (Christian Egenolff) 1531-1537.pdf}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
! <p>''[[Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurñfeyndt)|La Noble Science des Ioueurs Despee]]'' (1538){{edit index|La noble science des ioueurs d%27espee (Andre Paur%C3%B1feyndt) 1538.pdf}}<br/>by [[Olivier&nbsp;Dupuis]], [[Didier&nbsp;de&nbsp;Grenier]], [[Michael&nbsp;Huber]]</p>
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! <p>[[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Augsburg Transcription]] (1564){{edit index|Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Sollinger Fechtbuch]] (1564){{edit index|Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
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! <p>''[[Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurenfeyndt)|La Noble Science des Ioueurs Despee]]'' (1538){{edit index|La noble science des ioueurs d%27espee (Andre Paur%C3%B1feyndt) 1538.pdf}}<br/>by [[Olivier&nbsp;Dupuis]], [[Didier&nbsp;de&nbsp;Grenier]], [[Michael&nbsp;Huber]]</p>
  
 
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| <p>'''Play in the sweeping-upon'''</p>
 
| <p>'''Play in the sweeping-upon'''</p>
 
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| {{section|Page:Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurñfeyndt) 1516.pdf/37|1|lbl=30}}
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| {{section|Page:Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurenfeyndt) 1516.pdf/37|1|lbl=30.1}}
| {{section|Page:Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche kunst (Christian Egenolff) 1531-1537.pdf/18|4|lbl=9r}}
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| {{section|Page:Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche kunst (Christian Egenolff) 1531-1537.pdf/18|4|lbl=9r.4}}
| {{section|Page:La noble science des ioueurs d'espee (Andre Paurñfeyndt) 1538.pdf/29|1|lbl=22}}
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| {{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 60r.jpg|1|lbl=60r.1}}
| {{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 60r.jpg|1|lbl=60r}}
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| {{section|Page:La noble science des ioueurs d'espee (Andre Paurenfeyndt) 1538.pdf/35|1|lbl=24.1}}
  
 
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| <p>[1] {{red|b=1|Here note how one shall fence with the long sword from the guard which is called the iron-gate [or] side-guard,<ref>D. ''nebenhůtten'': "side-guard"; G. '' Eysenen pfort'', "iron-gate"; P. uses both interchangeably in this section.</ref> and how one shall execute the sweeps<ref>''streichn''.</ref> from it. For there are many good plays which come from this, which many masters of the sword know nothing to speak about them.}}<ref>D. "Here note to fence from the side-guards, that is, also the sweeps"; P. "Play in the sweeping-upon".</ref></p>
 
| <p>[1] {{red|b=1|Here note how one shall fence with the long sword from the guard which is called the iron-gate [or] side-guard,<ref>D. ''nebenhůtten'': "side-guard"; G. '' Eysenen pfort'', "iron-gate"; P. uses both interchangeably in this section.</ref> and how one shall execute the sweeps<ref>''streichn''.</ref> from it. For there are many good plays which come from this, which many masters of the sword know nothing to speak about them.}}<ref>D. "Here note to fence from the side-guards, that is, also the sweeps"; P. "Play in the sweeping-upon".</ref></p>
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 049r.png|1|lbl=49r}}
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| <p>[2] Know that [there] is good fencing from the sweeps, although<ref>''wiewohl''.</ref> they are not named in the Recital. Yet the plays from the Recital arise when one fences from them. And one shall execute the sweeps from the left side, because when they are from the right they are not as certain as from the left.<ref>G. "Item. Know that one shall execute the sweeps from the iron-gate from the left side because it is not as certain from the right."</ref></p>
 
| <p>[2] Know that [there] is good fencing from the sweeps, although<ref>''wiewohl''.</ref> they are not named in the Recital. Yet the plays from the Recital arise when one fences from them. And one shall execute the sweeps from the left side, because when they are from the right they are not as certain as from the left.<ref>G. "Item. Know that one shall execute the sweeps from the iron-gate from the left side because it is not as certain from the right."</ref></p>
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 049r.png|2|lbl=-}}
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| <p>[3] {{red|b=1|Item.<ref name="word-p">Word omitted from ''Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey''.</ref> Execute the first play thusly}}:<ref name="clause-dp">Clause omitted from the Dresden and ''Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey''.</ref> when you lay in the side-guard to your left side and someone cleaves-in to you downward from above,<ref>P. "from his right shoulder".</ref> so firmly sweep onto his sword with the short edge. If he holds<ref>''wiederhalten'': lit. "hold against"; "to withstand, resist".</ref> strongly against [it] and is not too high with the hands, double-in<ref>''einduplieren''.</ref> with the short edge (between him and his sword) on the left side to his neck.<ref name="ear-p">P. "ear".</ref></p>
 
| <p>[3] {{red|b=1|Item.<ref name="word-p">Word omitted from ''Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey''.</ref> Execute the first play thusly}}:<ref name="clause-dp">Clause omitted from the Dresden and ''Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey''.</ref> when you lay in the side-guard to your left side and someone cleaves-in to you downward from above,<ref>P. "from his right shoulder".</ref> so firmly sweep onto his sword with the short edge. If he holds<ref>''wiederhalten'': lit. "hold against"; "to withstand, resist".</ref> strongly against [it] and is not too high with the hands, double-in<ref>''einduplieren''.</ref> with the short edge (between him and his sword) on the left side to his neck.<ref name="ear-p">P. "ear".</ref></p>
 
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| <p>[6] {{red|b=1|Item. When you sweep onto his sword}},<ref name="clause-d">Clause omitted from the Dresden.</ref> or<ref name="word-g"/> if he falls with the sword strongly onto yours, so drive quickly above his sword with the pommel, and remain thereupon with the hands<ref name="clause-g">Clause omitted from the Glasgow.</ref> and allow your<ref name="the-d">D. "the".</ref> point backwards to your left side,<ref>"To your left side" omitted from the Glasgow.</ref> and snap-off from the sword and strike<ref>"Off from the sword and strike" omitted from the Dresden.</ref> with the short side to the head.<ref>D. ''haüpt'', G. ''kopf''.</ref></p>
 
| <p>[6] {{red|b=1|Item. When you sweep onto his sword}},<ref name="clause-d">Clause omitted from the Dresden.</ref> or<ref name="word-g"/> if he falls with the sword strongly onto yours, so drive quickly above his sword with the pommel, and remain thereupon with the hands<ref name="clause-g">Clause omitted from the Glasgow.</ref> and allow your<ref name="the-d">D. "the".</ref> point backwards to your left side,<ref>"To your left side" omitted from the Glasgow.</ref> and snap-off from the sword and strike<ref>"Off from the sword and strike" omitted from the Dresden.</ref> with the short side to the head.<ref>D. ''haüpt'', G. ''kopf''.</ref></p>
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| <p>[7] {{red|b=1|Item. When you sweep}} onto his sword, if he then<ref name="word-d"/> drives high up and winds, so strike him in the right side with outstretched arms, and with that step to the back.</p>
 
| <p>[7] {{red|b=1|Item. When you sweep}} onto his sword, if he then<ref name="word-d"/> drives high up and winds, so strike him in the right side with outstretched arms, and with that step to the back.</p>
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<p>{{red|b=1|Item.<ref name="word-gp">Word omitted from the Glasgow and ''Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey''.</ref> When you fence with someone and when you come closing in to him}}, so approach in the plow, and drive it swiftly with winding from one side to the other and such that your point always<ref name="word-dg"/> stands still in front,<ref>"In front" omitted from the Dresden.</ref> and from that you may execute the parries;<ref>Alternately: "parrying(s)".</ref> this is the “nearing”<ref name="nearing">I.e. closing-in. It is not "the ''nach''" (after) because ''nach'' is neuter and would be ''das nach''. G. also writes ''die neche''. ''næhe'' could also be "the boat".</ref> and into that you may strengthen with the long edge, and from that execute all the afore-named plays. You may also set-aside cuts and thrusts, and break them simply with winding, and seek the openings with the point.</p>
 
<p>{{red|b=1|Item.<ref name="word-gp">Word omitted from the Glasgow and ''Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey''.</ref> When you fence with someone and when you come closing in to him}}, so approach in the plow, and drive it swiftly with winding from one side to the other and such that your point always<ref name="word-dg"/> stands still in front,<ref>"In front" omitted from the Dresden.</ref> and from that you may execute the parries;<ref>Alternately: "parrying(s)".</ref> this is the “nearing”<ref name="nearing">I.e. closing-in. It is not "the ''nach''" (after) because ''nach'' is neuter and would be ''das nach''. G. also writes ''die neche''. ''næhe'' could also be "the boat".</ref> and into that you may strengthen with the long edge, and from that execute all the afore-named plays. You may also set-aside cuts and thrusts, and break them simply with winding, and seek the openings with the point.</p>
 
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| <p>[14] {{red|b=1|The barrier-guard,<ref>P. "side-guard".</ref> make it thusly:}}</p>
 
| <p>[14] {{red|b=1|The barrier-guard,<ref>P. "side-guard".</ref> make it thusly:}}</p>
  
 
<p>{{red|b=1|Item.<ref name="word-p"/> When you fence with someone and come closing into him}}, so stand with the left foot forward and lay the sword with the point upon the ground to your right side and<ref name="word-p"/> such that the long edge is above; and from the left side, the short edge below<ref name="word-g"/> and the right<ref name="word-d"/> foot stands<ref name="word-g"/> forward.<ref>"And from… stands forward" omitted from ''Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey''.</ref> This goes to both sides.<ref name="sentence-dg">Sentence omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.</ref></p>
 
<p>{{red|b=1|Item.<ref name="word-p"/> When you fence with someone and come closing into him}}, so stand with the left foot forward and lay the sword with the point upon the ground to your right side and<ref name="word-p"/> such that the long edge is above; and from the left side, the short edge below<ref name="word-g"/> and the right<ref name="word-d"/> foot stands<ref name="word-g"/> forward.<ref>"And from… stands forward" omitted from ''Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey''.</ref> This goes to both sides.<ref name="sentence-dg">Sentence omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.</ref></p>
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<p>Item.<ref name="word-p"/> If one cuts above to you or from under up (or wherever it otherwise is),<ref name="clause-dg">Clause omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.</ref> so cleave-in to him crooked into the opening with a step-out.</p>
 
<p>Item.<ref name="word-p"/> If one cuts above to you or from under up (or wherever it otherwise is),<ref name="clause-dg">Clause omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.</ref> so cleave-in to him crooked into the opening with a step-out.</p>
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| <p>[16] Item. Or cut him crooked to the flats and as soon as it sparks, seek the “nearing”<ref name="nearing"/> with the short edge.</p>
 
| <p>[16] Item. Or cut him crooked to the flats and as soon as it sparks, seek the “nearing”<ref name="nearing"/> with the short edge.</p>
 
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<p>{{red|b=1|Item.<ref name="word-p"/> When you fence with another, so stretch your arm from you long}} and such that your thumb remains upon the sword above, and wind the sword<ref name="word-g"/> around with the point in front of you, just like a little-wheel; with that you may execute<ref name="clause-dg"/> from below swiftly to your left side and with that<ref>"With that" omitted from ''Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey''.</ref> go to the man, and from that you may change-through or bind-on to whichever side you wish, and when you have bound-upon, you may execute whatever play you wish that you think best,<ref>P. "convenient".</ref> as before.<ref name="clause-g"/><ref>P. "then escape afterwards".</ref></p>
 
<p>{{red|b=1|Item.<ref name="word-p"/> When you fence with another, so stretch your arm from you long}} and such that your thumb remains upon the sword above, and wind the sword<ref name="word-g"/> around with the point in front of you, just like a little-wheel; with that you may execute<ref name="clause-dg"/> from below swiftly to your left side and with that<ref>"With that" omitted from ''Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey''.</ref> go to the man, and from that you may change-through or bind-on to whichever side you wish, and when you have bound-upon, you may execute whatever play you wish that you think best,<ref>P. "convenient".</ref> as before.<ref name="clause-g"/><ref>P. "then escape afterwards".</ref></p>
 
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<p>{{red|b=1|Item.<ref name="word-p"/> When you stand in the<ref name="word-d"/> guard from-the-roof and one}} cuts {{red|you}} with the thwart, simultaneously cleave-in to him with the wrath-cut, and bind on<ref>"Bind on" omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.</ref> his sword with strength, and seek the openings with the point;<ref name="clause-p">Clause omitted from ''Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey''.</ref> and if he then<ref name="word-p"/> wishes to strike-around it to the other side<ref>"To the other side" omitted from ''Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey''.</ref> with the thwart, so come before with the thwart under his sword to his neck, or slice him with the long edge into the arm when he strikes-around.<ref>P. "So thwart in before to his neck".</ref></p>
 
<p>{{red|b=1|Item.<ref name="word-p"/> When you stand in the<ref name="word-d"/> guard from-the-roof and one}} cuts {{red|you}} with the thwart, simultaneously cleave-in to him with the wrath-cut, and bind on<ref>"Bind on" omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.</ref> his sword with strength, and seek the openings with the point;<ref name="clause-p">Clause omitted from ''Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey''.</ref> and if he then<ref name="word-p"/> wishes to strike-around it to the other side<ref>"To the other side" omitted from ''Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey''.</ref> with the thwart, so come before with the thwart under his sword to his neck, or slice him with the long edge into the arm when he strikes-around.<ref>P. "So thwart in before to his neck".</ref></p>
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 052v.png|2|lbl=-}}
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|  
 
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{{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 023v.jpg|6|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 024r.jpg|1|lbl=24r|p=1}}
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{{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 023v.jpg|6|lbl=23v.6|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 024r.jpg|1|lbl=24r.1|p=1}}
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| {{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 61r.jpg|5|lbl=61r.5}}
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| {{section|Page:La noble science des ioueurs d'espee (Andre Paurenfeyndt) 1538.pdf/47|5|lbl=36.5}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Paurñfeyndt 15.jpg|400px|center]]
+
| rowspan="2" | [[File:Paurenfeyndt 15.jpg|400px|center]]
 
| <p>[20] {{red|b=1|A break against the break}}</p>
 
| <p>[20] {{red|b=1|A break against the break}}</p>
  
 
<p>Item.<ref name="word-dg"/> {{red|b=1|Note}},<ref name="word-d"/> when you thwart, and one wishes to also come before ahead with the thwart under your sword on the neck, so fall-down<ref name="word-gp"/> in-the-moment<ref name="word-d"/> with the long edge strongly onto his sword, thus is it broken. And<ref name="word-d"/> take the nearest opening which may appear to you.</p>
 
<p>Item.<ref name="word-dg"/> {{red|b=1|Note}},<ref name="word-d"/> when you thwart, and one wishes to also come before ahead with the thwart under your sword on the neck, so fall-down<ref name="word-gp"/> in-the-moment<ref name="word-d"/> with the long edge strongly onto his sword, thus is it broken. And<ref name="word-d"/> take the nearest opening which may appear to you.</p>
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 053r.png|1|lbl=53r}}
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| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 053r.png|1|lbl=53r.1}}
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| {{section|Page:Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche kunst (Christian Egenolff) 1531-1537.pdf/23|4|lbl=11v}}
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| {{section|Page:La noble science des ioueurs d'espee (Andre Paurñfeyndt) 1538.pdf/39|1|lbl=32}}
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| {{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 61v.jpg|1|lbl=61v.1}}
| {{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 61v.jpg|1|lbl=61v}}
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|-  
 
|-  
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<p>{{red|b=1|Item}}.<ref name="word-p"/> When you fence someone and if [you]<ref>"Fence someone and if [you]" omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.</ref> cleave-in to him with the wrath-cut (or otherwise)<ref>"With the wrath-cut or otherwise" omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.</ref> from above downward,<ref name="word-dg"/> and he parries it and drives high with the hilt,<ref>P. "arms".</ref> and you as well,<ref name="clause-p"/> and [you] both<ref name="word-dg"/> run-in with each other, so take the under-slice; and if he is then so prudent and wishes to take<ref>D., G. "will take".</ref> the under-slice to you, under your hands into the arms, follow-after underneath his sword with the long edge and press down; thus you have broken it, and seek the openings.</p>
 
<p>{{red|b=1|Item}}.<ref name="word-p"/> When you fence someone and if [you]<ref>"Fence someone and if [you]" omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.</ref> cleave-in to him with the wrath-cut (or otherwise)<ref>"With the wrath-cut or otherwise" omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.</ref> from above downward,<ref name="word-dg"/> and he parries it and drives high with the hilt,<ref>P. "arms".</ref> and you as well,<ref name="clause-p"/> and [you] both<ref name="word-dg"/> run-in with each other, so take the under-slice; and if he is then so prudent and wishes to take<ref>D., G. "will take".</ref> the under-slice to you, under your hands into the arms, follow-after underneath his sword with the long edge and press down; thus you have broken it, and seek the openings.</p>
 
|  
 
|  
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 053r.png|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 053v.png|1|lbl=53v|p=1}}
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| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
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| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
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| {{section|Page:La noble science des ioueurs d'espee (Andre Paurñfeyndt) 1538.pdf/39|3|lbl=-}}
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|-  
 
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| class="noline" | <p>[23] {{red|b=1|Item. When you have bound-upon with someone and if he}} changes-through with the pommel and falls with the half-sword, this breaks simply with the over-slice; and in the slice,<ref name="clause-g"/> you may fall into the half sword and set-upon him.</p>
 
| class="noline" | <p>[23] {{red|b=1|Item. When you have bound-upon with someone and if he}} changes-through with the pommel and falls with the half-sword, this breaks simply with the over-slice; and in the slice,<ref name="clause-g"/> you may fall into the half sword and set-upon him.</p>
 
| class="noline" |  
 
| class="noline" |  
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 053v.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 054r.png|1|lbl=54r|p=1}}
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| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 024r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
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| class="noline" |  
 
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<section begin="sourcebox"/>{{sourcebox header}}
 
<section begin="sourcebox"/>{{sourcebox header}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
{{sourcebox
  | work        = Erlangen Images
+
  | work        = Images
  | authors    =  
+
  | authors    = [[Herzog August Bibliothek]]
  | source link = http://digital.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2{{=}}simple_viewer&pid{{=}}5281832
+
  | source link = http://diglib.hab.de/drucke/hn-236/start.htm
  | source title= Universitätsbibliothek Erlangen-Nürnberg
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  | source title= Herzog August Bibliothek
  | license    = permission
+
  | license    = noncommercial
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
{{sourcebox
  | work        = Translation (Long Sword)
+
  | work        = Translation
 
  | authors    = [[Christian Trosclair]]
 
  | authors    = [[Christian Trosclair]]
 
  | source link =  
 
  | source link =  
Line 435: Line 435:
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
{{sourcebox
  | work        = ''[[Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurñfeyndt)|Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey]]''
+
  | work        = {{nowrap|''[[Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurenfeyndt)|Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey]]''}}
 
  | authors    = [[Michael Chidester]]
 
  | authors    = [[Michael Chidester]]
 
  | source link =  
 
  | source link =  
  | source title= [[Index:Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurñfeyndt) 1516.pdf|Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurñfeyndt) 1516]]
+
  | source title= {{nowrap|[[Index:Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurenfeyndt) 1516.pdf|Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurenfeyndt) 1516]]}}
 
  | license    = noncommercial
 
  | license    = noncommercial
 
}}
 
}}
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}}
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
{{sourcebox
  | work        = ''[[Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurñfeyndt)|La Noble Science des Ioueurs Despee (Andre Paurñfeyndt)]]''
+
  | work        = ''[[Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurenfeyndt)|La Noble Science des Ioueurs Despee]]''
 
  | authors    = [[Olivier&nbsp;Dupuis]], [[Didier&nbsp;de&nbsp;Grenier]], [[Michael&nbsp;Huber]]
 
  | authors    = [[Olivier&nbsp;Dupuis]], [[Didier&nbsp;de&nbsp;Grenier]], [[Michael&nbsp;Huber]]
 
  | source link =  
 
  | source link =  
  | source title= [[Index:La noble science des ioueurs d%27espee (Andre Paur%C3%B1feyndt) 1538.pdf|Index:La noble science des ioueurs d%27espee (Andre Paur%C3%B1feyndt)]]
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  | source title= {{nowrap|[[Index:La noble science des ioueurs d%27espee (Andre Paur%C3%B1feyndt) 1538.pdf|Index:La noble science des ioueurs d%27espee (Andre Paur%C3%B1feyndt)]]}}
 
  | license    = copyrighted
 
  | license    = copyrighted
 
}}
 
}}
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* [[David Lindholm|Lindholm, David]] and Svard, Peter. ''Sigmund Ringeck's Knightly Art of the Longsword''. Boulder, CO: [[Paladin Press]], 2003. ISBN 978-1-58160-410-8
 
* [[David Lindholm|Lindholm, David]] and Svard, Peter. ''Sigmund Ringeck's Knightly Art of the Longsword''. Boulder, CO: [[Paladin Press]], 2003. ISBN 978-1-58160-410-8
* Lindholm, David and Svard, Peter. ''Sigmund Ringeck's Knightly Arts of Combat: Sword-and-Buckler Fighting, Wrestling, and Fighting in Armor''. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 2006. ISBN 978-1-58160-499-3
 
 
* [[Christian Henry Tobler|Tobler, Christian Henry]]. ''Secrets of German Medieval Swordsmanship''. Highland Village, TX: [[Chivalry Bookshelf]], 2001. ISBN 1-891448-07-2
 
* [[Christian Henry Tobler|Tobler, Christian Henry]]. ''Secrets of German Medieval Swordsmanship''. Highland Village, TX: [[Chivalry Bookshelf]], 2001. ISBN 1-891448-07-2
 
* [[Martin Wierschin|Wierschin, Martin]]. ''Meister Johann Liechtenauers Kunst des Fechtens''. München: Beck, 1965.
 
* [[Martin Wierschin|Wierschin, Martin]]. ''Meister Johann Liechtenauers Kunst des Fechtens''. München: Beck, 1965.

Latest revision as of 05:12, 8 July 2021

Stuck im aufstreichen
Play in the sweeping-upon
Paurenfeyndt 6.jpg
Ascribed to
Date early 1500s (?)
Language
State of Existence Original hypothetical, several copies exist
Manuscript(s)
First Printed
English Edition
Tobler, 2001
Concordance by Michael Chidester

Stuck im aufstreichen ("Play in the sweeping-upon") is a brief German fencing manual from the early 16th century. The author of this treatise is unknown, though it has been variously attributed to Sigmund ain Ringeck (due to its presence in the MS Dresd.C.487, which was once erroneously attributed to Ringeck) and Andre Paurenfeyndt (who includes it in his treatment of long sword fencing, but who also borrows from other authors like Andre Lignitzer without attribution).

It consists of several plays of fencing with the two-handed sword, primarily from a low guard called iron gate or side guard, and it both mentions the Recital and shows familiarity with the principles of Liechtenauer's fencing. The iron gate is also discussed in an earlier treatise by Andres Juden, Hans Döbringer, Jobs von der Nissen, and Nicklass Preußen, but there is little technical overlap between the two works (though both treatises are included in MS E.1939.65.341).

The oldest known copies of this work are two manuscripts from the early 16th century, MS Dresd.C.487 (1504-19) and MS E.1939.65.341 (1508). It was also published by Freifechter Andre Paurenfeyndt in 1516 as the final section of the teachings on the two-handed sword in his treatise Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey ("Foundation of the Chivalric Art of Swordplay").[1] (Paurenfeyndt's text would be reprinted by Christian Egenolff four times between 1531 and 1558,[2] transcribed by Lienhart Sollinger into the Cod. Ⅰ.6.2º.2 in 1564,[3] and translated to Middle Walloon and printed by Willem Vorsterman in 1538.[4])

Treatise

Additional Resources

References

  1. Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey is internally dated on page 78.
  2. The first three printings of Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche Kunst are undated, but the first edition must have been produced between 1531, when Egenolff set up his shop in Frankfurt-am-Main, and artist Hans Weiditz' death in 1537; the second and third editions were released some time before Egenolff's own death in 1555. The only dated edition was published by Egenolff's heirs in 1558 (see page 47v).
  3. The material in Cod. Ⅰ.6.2º.2 based on Paurenfeyndt is internally dated on folio 71r
  4. La noble science des ioueurs d'espee is internally dated on page 70.
  5. D. nebenhůtten: "side-guard"; G. Eysenen pfort, "iron-gate"; P. uses both interchangeably in this section.
  6. streichn.
  7. D. "Here note to fence from the side-guards, that is, also the sweeps"; P. "Play in the sweeping-upon".
  8. wiewohl.
  9. G. "Item. Know that one shall execute the sweeps from the iron-gate from the left side because it is not as certain from the right."
  10. 10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 10.11 10.12 10.13 10.14 10.15 10.16 Word omitted from Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey.
  11. Clause omitted from the Dresden and Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey.
  12. P. "from his right shoulder".
  13. wiederhalten: lit. "hold against"; "to withstand, resist".
  14. einduplieren.
  15. 15.0 15.1 P. "ear".
  16. "As before" omitted from Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey.
  17. "-Around quickly" omitted from Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey.
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 Word omitted from the Glasgow.
  19. "The man and the sword" replaced by "his" in Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey.
  20. G. "the".
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 21.5 21.6 Word omitted from the Dresden.
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 22.4 22.5 Word omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.
  23. "And low with the hands" omitted from the Glasgow.
  24. "-In straight" omitted from the Dresden and Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey.
  25. "At hand" omitted from Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey.
  26. Clause omitted from the Dresden.
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 Clause omitted from the Glasgow.
  28. D. "the".
  29. "To your left side" omitted from the Glasgow.
  30. "Off from the sword and strike" omitted from the Dresden.
  31. D. haüpt, G. kopf.
  32. "You lay… guard, or" omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.
  33. stoß; this could either be to stab him or hit him.
  34. "Him under his sword" omitted from the Dresden and Glasgow.
  35. Word omitted from the Dresden and Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey.
  36. P. farñ: "drive".
  37. "Side of" omitted from the Dresden and Glasgow.
  38. "Behind his neck" omitted from Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey.
  39. Marginalia: The word schrit ("a step") appears over the word "sword" in the Dresden, and schret ("a step or make a step") appears under.
  40. obenauf.
  41. D. "opposite".
  42. "As before (to all sides)" omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.
  43. 43.0 43.1 Word omitted from the Glasgow and Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey.
  44. "In front" omitted from the Dresden.
  45. Alternately: "parrying(s)".
  46. 46.0 46.1 I.e. closing-in. It is not "the nach" (after) because nach is neuter and would be das nach. G. also writes die neche. næhe could also be "the boat".
  47. Corrected from »dem«.
  48. Corrected from »dim«.
  49. P. "side-guard".
  50. "And from… stands forward" omitted from Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey.
  51. Sentence omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.
  52. P. "side-guard".
  53. 53.0 53.1 Clause omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.
  54. "With that" omitted from Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey.
  55. P. "convenient".
  56. P. "then escape afterwards".
  57. "Bind on" omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.
  58. 58.0 58.1 58.2 Clause omitted from Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey.
  59. "To the other side" omitted from Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey.
  60. P. "So thwart in before to his neck".
  61. P. "From the wrath-cut".
  62. "Fence someone and if [you]" omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.
  63. "With the wrath-cut or otherwise" omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.
  64. P. "arms".
  65. D., G. "will take".
  66. Sic, lit. "you".
  67. "And move… his head" omitted from the Dresden and the Glasgow.
  68. Corrected from »dinem«.