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De Arte Gladiatoria Dimicandi (MS Vitt.Em.1324)
|De Arte Gladiatoria Dimicandi|
|MS Vitt.Em.1324, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale|
|Date||between 1482 and 1487|
|Place of origin||Urbino, Italy (?)|
|Author(s)||Philippo di Vadi|
|Dedicated to||Duke Guidobaldo da Montefeltro|
|Material||Paper, with a leather binding|
|Size||42 folia (235 mm x 150 mm)|
|Format||Double-sided; two illustrations per side, |
with text above
|Exemplar(s)||Fior di Battaglia|
|External data||Library catalog entry|
The De Arte Gladiatoria Dimicandi ("On the Art of Swordsmanship", MS Vitt. Em. 1324), is an Italian fencing manual by Philippo di Vadi of Pisa, probably created between 1482 and 1487. The original currently rests in the Vittorio Emanuele II collection of the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma in Rome, Italy. The main body of text is largely a redaction of the writings of Fiore de'i Liberi, generally repeating the text of Liberi's Flos Duellatorum; the layout is likewise very similar to that of his later Florius de Arte Luctandi. It seems almost certain that Vadi stood in the tradition of Liberi, or at the very least possessed a copy of his fencing manual. However, this manuscript cannot be written off as a mere plagiarism of Liberi, as it augments his offering with a lengthy, sixteen chapter introduction that illuminates many of the subtleties of Medieval Italian fencing.
The known provenance of the MS Vitt. Em. 1324 is:
- Written in the late 1400s. Gifted by Philippo di Vadi to Duke Guidobaldo da Montefeltro between 1482 and 1487.
- 1480s-1502 – Held in the Ducal Library at Urbino (disappeared during Cesare Borgia's conquest in 1502).
- 1500s – "Di Francescho a leoni battiloro e de sua amici" inscribed inside the cover in a 16th century hand.
- before 1838 – Acquired by British book dealer JT Payne (sold London, JT Payne, 1838).
- 1838-1872 – Owned by Sir Thomas Phillipps (1792-1872), mistakenly listed twice as Mss. Ph. 11725 and 13545 (purchased London, JT Payne, 1838).
- 1885-1938 – Owned by Thomas FitzRoy Fenwick (1856-1938), who took control of Phillipps Library in 1885 after a protracted legal dispute (sold London, 1946).
- 1946-1967 – Owned by book dealers Phillip and Lionel Robinson, who purchased the "residue" of Phillipps Library, including Mss. Ph. 11725&13545, for £100,000 (sold London, Sotheby's, 1967).
- 1967-present – Purchased by the Italian Ministry of Education, stored at Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma.
|IIv - 3v||Preface by Philippo di Vadi|
|3v - 14v||Introduction by Philippo di Vadi|
|15r - 23v||Sword by Philippo di Vadi|
|24r - 25r||Axe by Philippo di Vadi|
|26r - 27v||Sword in Armor by Philippo di Vadi|
|28r - 28v
38r - 38v
|Staff Weapons by Philippo di Vadi|
|29r - 37v||Dagger by Philippo di Vadi|
|29r||Grappling by Philippo di Vadi|
|39r - 42v||Dagger by Philippo di Vadi|
- Vadi, Filippo. Arte Gladiatoria Dimicandi: 15th Century Swordsmanship of Master Filippo Vadi. Trans. Luca Porzio and Gregory Mele. Union City, CA: Chivalry Bookshelf, 2002. ISBN 978-1891448164
- Vadi, Philippo; Ian Davis; Connor Kemp-Cowell. Wielding the Light of Mars: A Translation and Guide to De Arte Gladiatoria Dimicandi. Self-published, 2021.
- Vadi, Filippo; Marco Rubboli; and Luca Cesari. L'arte Cavalleresca del Combattimento. Rome: Il Cerchio Iniziative Editoriali, 2005. ISBN 88-8474-079-7
- Windsor, Guy. Veni Vadi Vici. A Transcription, Translation and Commentary of Philippo Vadi's De Arte Gladiatoria Dimicandi. The School of European Swordsmanship, 2013. ISBN 978-952-93-1686-1
- Windsor, Guy. The Art of Sword Fighting in Earnest. Spada Press, 2018. ISBN 978-952-7157-37-4
- ↑ It is dedicated to Duke Guidobaldo da Montefeltro, who became duke in 1482, and is included in a Ducal Library catalog completed in 1487.
- ↑ Rubboli, Marco and Cesari, Luca. The Knightly Art of Combat of Filippo Vadi. Document circulated online.
- ↑ According to the Library catalog entry
Copyright and License Summary
For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.
|Images||Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma||Biblioteca Digitale|
|Transcription||Marco Rubboli and Luca Cesari||Index:De Arte Gladiatoria Dimicandi (MS Vitt.Em.1324)|