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De Dignoscendis Hominibus (Pedro Monte)

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De Dignoscendis Hominibus
On the Discernments of Man
De Dignoscendis Hominibus Title.jpg
Author(s) Pedro Monte
Translator(s) Gonsalvo Ayora
Place of origin Milan
Language Renaissance Latin
Genre(s) Wrestling manual
Publisher Antonio Zaroto Parmenion
Publication date 16 January 1492
Pages 226
Treatise scans

De Dignoscendis Hominibus ("On the Discernments of Man") is a Spanish fencing manual by Pedro Monte, written in Latin and printed in Milan in 1492.[1] It is potentially the first treatise on martial arts ever published (depending on the exact publication date of Das Landshuter Ringerbuch). Sydney Anglo states that "Monte's treatment [of wrestling] could scarcely have been more unusual for, although there were earlier manuals of wrestling, no one had attempted to analyse the general principles underlying unarmed combat—one of the tasks Monte set himself."[2]

Publication History

Monte's De Dignoscendis Hominibus was translated from the initial Spanish manuscript by Gonsalvo Ayora and published in Milan on 16 January 1492 by Antonio Zaroto Parmenion. It was later translated into Italian and included (without attribution) in the ms. alfa.T.7.25; this manuscript was transcribed by Carlo Bascetta and published in 1978.


[Contents unavailable pending transcription]


[Images available for import]

Additional Resources

The following is a list of publications containing scans, transcriptions, and translations relevant to this article, as well as published peer-reviewed research.


  1. According to the final page
  2. Anglo, Sydney. The Martial Arts of Renaissance Europe. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2000. p 194.

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Public Domain.png
Transcription Index:De Dignoscendis Hominibus (Pedro Monte)