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Gladiatoria (MS KK5013)
|MS KK5013, Kunsthistorisches Museum|
|Language(s)||Early New High German|
|Format||Double-sided; one illustration per|
side, with text below
|Previously kept||Carl Schruff (1570)|
The MS KK5013 is a German fencing manual probably created in the 1430s. The original currently rests in the holdings of the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna, Austria. The MS KK5013 is part of the Gladiatoria group, a series of several German manuscripts from the 15th century that share the same art style and cover the same material; it seems to be the oldest member of the group and may have been the exemplar for the MS German Quarto 16. The Gladiatoria manuals are interesting texts in that they seem to be contemporary with the tradition of Johannes Liechtenauer, but not directly influenced by it.
The core of the Gladiatoria group is a series of devices of armored fencing following the traditional progression of a judicial duel: beginning with spears and small shields called ecranches, moving to longswords, then employing daggers on foot and on the ground. (Traditional dueling would begin on horseback before going to foot combat, and the ecranche is designed for mounted fencing, but Gladiatoria skips that stage entirely.)
|1r - 6r||Spear in armor from Gladiatoria|
|6v - 31r||Longsword in armor from Gladiatoria|
|31v - 49v||Dagger in armor from Gladiatoria|
|53r - 56v||Wrestling from Gladiatoria|
Images hosted by WikiMedia Commons.
- Hils, Hans-Peter. "Gladiatoria: Über drei Fechthandschriften aus der ersten Hälfte des 15. Jahrhunderts." Codices manuscripti. Issue 13, 1987.
- Knight, Hugh T., Jr. The Gladiatoria Fechtbuch: A Fifteenth-Century German Fight Book. Lulu.com, 2008.
- Walczak, Bartłomiej. "Judicial Armoured Dagger Combat of Gladiatoria and KK 5013." Masters of Medieval and Renaissance Martial Arts. Ed. Jeffrey Hull. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 2008. ISBN 978-1-58160-668-3
- The date is based on the style of armor used in the illustrations.