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Tratt‍ato della sch‍erma (MS M.383)

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Il Fior di Battaglia
B1.370.A MS M.0383, Morgan Library & Museum
New York City, New York
MS M.383 1r.png
Title page, fol. 1r
Date before 1404 (?)
Place of origin Milan, Italy
Language(s) Middle Italian
Author(s) Fiore de'i Liberi
Scribe(s) Unknown
Illustrator(s) Unknown
Material Vellum, in a modern binding
Size 20 folia
Format Double-sided; four illustrations per
page, with text above each
Script Bastarda
External data Museum data sheet
Treatise scans Digital scans

Fior di Battaglia ("The Flower of Battle", B1.370.A MS Morgan 0383) is an Italian fencing manual authored by Fiore de'i Liberi, probably created some time before 1404. The original currently rests in the holdings of the Morgan Library & Museum in New York City, New York. The manuscript is written on vellum in a modern biding in a very neat bastarda script; the illustrations are inked sketches with gold leafing on the crowns and garters and silver enamel on the metalic elements of the weapons (this has corroded to a glossy black finish). The treatise itself is the briefest known version of Fiore's work, containing only 19 folios; it has a preface in Italian and one to four illustrated figures per page in the main body. The figures are accompanied by text that is generally identical to that of the MS Ludwig XV 13 (excepting differences in spelling), but at times includes additional explanation. The MS M.383 was almost certainly longer when it was first written; its text makes reference to sections on poleaxe, dagger, and grappling which are not present in the book's current state. It also refers to a certain play of the sword in one hand which is likewise missing from that section. This manuscript is typically referred to as the Pierpont Morgan or simply the Morgan.[1]


The known provenance of the MS M.383 is:[2]

  • Probably written between some time before 1404.
  • before 1780 – it occupied ff 241-259 of a larger collective binding titled, Arte di armeggiare a piedi ed acavallo (codex Soranzo MCCLXI) in the Biblioteca Soranzo in Venice (Library of Jacopo Soranzo, Venetian senator, 18th century). The other contents of this codex are unknown.
  • 1780-1836 – the collection of the Venetian former Jesuit Matteo Luigi Canonici (1727-c.1806) (sold London, Sotheby's, June 15, 1836, no. 40).
  • 1836-1903 – owned by Rev. Walter Sneyd of Bagington Rectory, Coventry (sold London, Sotheby's, Dec. 19, 1903, no. 720).
  • 1903-1909 – owned by Tammaro de Marinis (catalog 8, 1908, plate 9).
  • 1909-1913 – owned by John Pierpont Morgan.
  • 1913-1924 – owned by John Pierpont Morgan, Jr. (donated 1924).
  • 1924-present – held by the Morgan Library & Museum.


Folio Section

1r - 2r Preface by Fiore de'i Liberi
2v - 8r Mounted fencing by Fiore de'i Liberi
8r - 8v Spear vs. cavalry by Fiore de'i Liberi
9r - 9v Spear by Fiore de'i Liberi
10r - 11v Armored fencing by Fiore de'i Liberi
12r - 16v Longsword in two hands by Fiore de'i Liberi
17r, 18r - 18v Sword vs. dagger by Fiore de'i Liberi
17v, 19r Longsword in one hand by Fiore de'i Liberi
18r Longsword vs. spear by Fiore de'i Liberi
18r Spear and dagger vs. spear by Fiore de'i Liberi
19v - 20v Blank


Images hosted by the Princeton Index of Christian Art.

Front Cover
MS M.383 Cover 1.png
Inside Cover
MS M.383 Cover 2.png
Folio 1r
MS M.383 1r.png
Folio 1v
MS M.383 1v.png
Folio 2r
MS M.383 2r.png
Folio 2v
MS M.383 2v.png
Folio 3r
MS M.383 3r.png
Folio 3v
MS M.383 3v.png
Folio 4r
MS M.383 4r.png
Folio 4v
MS M.383 4v.png
Folio 5r
MS M.383 5r.png
Folio 5v
MS M.383 5v.png
Folio 6r
MS M.383 6r.png
Folio 6v
MS M.383 6v.png
Folio 7r
MS M.383 7r.png
Folio 7v
MS M.383 7v.png
Folio 8r
MS M.383 8r.png
Folio 8v
MS M.383 8v.png
Folio 9r
MS M.383 9r.png
Folio 9v
MS M.383 9v.png
Folio 10r
MS M.383 10r.png
Folio 10v
MS M.383 10v.png
Folio 11r
MS M.383 11r.png
Folio 11v
MS M.383 11v.png
Folio 12r
MS M.383 12r.png
Folio 12v
MS M.383 12v.png
Folio 13r
MS M.383 13r.png
Folio 13v
MS M.383 13v.png
Folio 14r
MS M.383 14r.png
Folio 14v
MS M.383 14v.png
Folio 15r
MS M.383 15r.png
Folio 15v
MS M.383 15v.png
Folio 16r
MS M.383 16r.png
Folio 16v
MS M.383 16v.png
Folio 17r
MS M.383 17r.png
Folio 17v
MS M.383 17v.png
Folio 18r
MS M.383 18r.png
Folio 18v
MS M.383 18v.png
Folio 19r
MS M.383 19r.png
Folio 19v
Folio 20r
Folio 20v
Inside Cover
MS M.383 Cover 3.png
Back Cover
MS M.383 Cover 4.png

Additional Resources


  1. The description in this section is derived from an examination of the manuscript by Michael Chidester; the presumed date is based on the fact that it seems to be older than the Pisani Dossi version, which is dated to 1410.
  2. See "Curatorial description". CORSAIR Collection Catalog. Morgan Library & Museum. Retrieved 12 November 2012.