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Knyghthode and Bataile (Ashmole MS 45 II)

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Knyghthode and Bataile
Ashmole MS 45 Ⅱ, University of Oxford
Oxford, United Kingdom
(No scans available)
Also known as The Poem of the Pel
Type Fencing manual
Date ca. 1500
Place of origin England
Language(s) Middle English
Author(s) John Neele
Patron Viscount Beaumont
Size 27 folia (originally 56)
Exemplar(s) MS 243 (ca. 1460)
External data Library catalog entry

Knyghthode and Bataile ("Knighthood and Battle", Ashmole MS 45, part Ⅱ) is a 16th century copy of an English war book written by John Neele in 1458-1460.[1] The original currently rests in the Bodleian Library of the University of Oxford in Oxford, United Kingdom. Knyghthode and Bataile is a verse paraphrase of Flavius Vegetius Renatus' war book De re militari (ca. 390), and is particularly interesting for its detailed description of training with a pole or pile (commonly referred to as the Poem of the Pel).




Additional Resources

The following is a list of publications containing scans, transcriptions, and translations relevant to this article, as well as published peer-reviewed research.



  1. Daniel Wakelin. "The Occasion, Author, and Readers of Knyghthode and Bataile". Medium Aevum, vol. 73 iss. 2. Fall 2004.

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
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Transcription Index:Knyghthode and Bataile (Ashmole MS 45 II)