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Template:IPA is most useful when there are multiple instances of the IPA on a page. It contains

<span title="Representation in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)" class="IPA">{{{1}}}</span>

I.e., it simply specifies CSS class IPA.

This allows fixing broken display of International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) characters in MS Internet Explorer 6 for Windows, and choice of style in any browser.

The font declaration is in MediaWiki:Common.js and targets only Windows XP. Registered Wikipedia users can specify their own style for IPA text by editing, for each project, their user style sheet, e.g. monobook.css. Users can also specify the style locally in their browser, which works across projects.


Placing a phonemic rendering of the word characters in Template:IPA:


The result will be a span with a class attribute, like this:

<span title="Representation in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)" class="IPA">/ˈkærəktɚz/</span>

Which appears in your browser as:


Without template:IPA:


[The last two should only look different if you are using Internet Explorer 6 or lower on Windows, or if you have a custom style defined for IPA text.]

Please place all IPA text into Template:IPA, even if it doesn't have any special IPA characters, like this: /mi/. This will allow users to format all examples of IPA text consistently, with their choice of fonts, colours, etc.

List of fonts

The following is a list of fonts that are used using this template.

Usage of IPA pronunciation templates

Wikipedia offers several templates for proper display of IPA transcriptions.

IPA font

In general, IPA symbols on a page should be enclosed in the {{IPA}} template, which formats the text in an IPA-producing font. If a substantial portion of a page uses IPA, it is customary to post notice of that fact with {{IPA notice|lang=en}}, though each token still requires the {{IPA}} template for proper formatting.

If there are not enough occurrences to warrant a notice, then consider a template that links to an IPA key for the first instance of the IPA on a page or section.

English words

For English words, in a broad, non-regional transcription, as when giving the pronunciation of a key word in an article, use templates linking to Help:IPA for English, a chart of the subset of the IPA that is relevant to English:

  • {{IPA-en}}, appearing as: English pronunciation: /word/ (also /word/, English: /word/, pronounced /word/, as hereafter).
  • {{IPAc-en}}, which automates the conversion to IPA, so that {{IPAc-en|'|w|3r|d}} appears as /ˈwɜrd/. This provides mouse-over links to the symbols, and is now the preferred template.

Foreign words

For foreign words that are not assimilated into English, regional pronunciations of English words, and non-standard English dialects, use templates linking to the more general Help:IPA chart, containing all major IPA symbols:

    • {{IPA-all}}, appearing as: IPA: [word]. Or:
    • For specific languages, there may be dedicated IPA keys for standardized transcription. There are several options for their display. The first cell includes the ISO code of the language; the second is the transcription; the third keys an introductory phrase; and the fourth is space for a sound file. Using the French word eau [o] as an example, we have the default format:
  • {{IPA-fr|o}}French pronunciation: [o]
Or the word "pronounced" can be used as the introduction:
  • {{IPA-fr|o|pron}}pronounced: [o]
Language name only:
  • {{IPA-fr|o|lang}}French: [o]
"IPA" only:
  • {{IPA-fr|o|IPA}}IPA: [o]
Link only:
  • {{IPA-fr|o|}}[o]
Any of these may be combined with a sound file:
  • {{IPA-fr|o|lang|Fr-eau.ogg}}French: [o] ( listen)
For the default introductory phrase, however, a placeholder such as “-” is required:

IPA-all for not-supported languages

Redirects have been created for languages which do not yet have dedicated templates. Transcriptions which use these redirects will link to {{IPA-all}} for the time being; when a language-specific template is created the articles will be linked correctly. For example, you can use {{IPA-jv|word}} for Javanese, but for the moment it will be redirected to {{IPA-all}}, producing IPA: [word].

Conversion to IPA

Another type of language-specific template allows you to enter ordinary letters (or conventional ASCII equivalents) from a given language for automatic conversion to phonetic symbols. Those currently available are {{IPAc-ar}} for Arabic, {{IPAc-cmn}} for Mandarin, {{IPAc-en}} for English, {{IPAc-fr}} for French, {{IPAc-ga}} for Irish, {{IPAc-hu}} for Hungarian, {{IPAc-pl}} for Polish and {{IPAc-ja}} for Japanese. For example:

See also

af:Sjabloon:IPA-Text ar:قالب:أصد arc:ܩܠܒܐ:IPA ast:Plantía:AFI ay:Plantilla:IPA az:Şablon:IPA bn:টেমপ্লেট:আইপিএ bar:Vorlage:IPA-Text ca:Plantilla:AFI cs:Šablona:IPA dv:ފަންވަތް:IPA eml:Template:IPA es:Plantilla:IPA fa:الگو:آوا sh:Šablon:IPA su:Citakan:IPA fi:Malline:IPA fo:Fyrimynd:IPA fr:Modèle:Prononciation API hr:Predložak:IPA ig:Àtụ:IPA bpy:মডেল:IPA id:Templat:IPA ia:Patrono:IPA iu:Template:IPA ik:Template:IPA is:Snið:IPA he:תבנית:יפא ha:Template:IPA hi:साँचा:अ-ध्व-लि jv:Cithakan:IPA pam:Template:IPA ka:თარგი:IPA-Text ks:Template:IPA sw:Kigezo:IPA lad:Xablón:AFI lv:Veidne:Unicode li:Sjabloon:IPA ln:Modèle:Prononciation API jbo:Template:IPA hu:Sablon:IPA mg:Endrika:Prononciation API mi:Template:IPA arz:قالب:IPA ms:Templat:AFA mwl:Modelo:AFI mn:Загвар:IPA fj:Template:IPA ja:Template:IPA2 gl:Modelo:AFI gv:Clowan:ASE gan:Template:IPA ko:틀:IPA nn:Mal:IPA nap:Modello:IPA frr:Vorlage:IPA-Text no:Mal:IPA nds:Vörlaag:IPA-Text pnt:Πρότυπον:IPA pt:Predefinição:AFI crh:Şablon:IPA ru:Шаблон:IPA1 se:Málle:IPA sa:फलकम्:IPA sq:Stampa:IPA simple:Template:IPA sd:سانچو:بول sk:Šablóna:IPA sl:Predloga:IPA ckb:داڕێژە:IPA sr:Шаблон:ИПА sv:Mall:IPA th:แม่แบบ:IPA nov:Template:IFA or:ଛାଞ୍ଚ:IPA pag:Template:IPA pnb:Template:IPA ps:کينډۍ:نغا km:ទំព័រគំរូ:IPA tpi:Template:IPA vi:Bản mẫu:IPA vo:Samafomot:LBF zh-classical:Template:IPA wuu:模板:IPA yi:מוסטער:IPA yo:Àdàkọ:IPA zh-yue:Template:IPA zh:Template:IPA