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Difference between revisions of "Liber Quodlibetarius (MS B.200)"

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| imageleft          = File:MS B.200 117v.png
 
| imageleft          = File:MS B.200 117v.png
 
| imageright        = File:MS B.200 118r.png
 
| imageright        = File:MS B.200 118r.png
| width              = x185px
+
| width              = x200px
| caption            = Folia 117v-118r
+
| caption            = ff 117v - 118r
 
<!----------General---------->
 
<!----------General---------->
 
| Index number      = [[WI::—]]
 
| Index number      = [[WI::—]]
Line 26: Line 26:
 
<!----------Form and content---------->
 
<!----------Form and content---------->
 
| Material          = Paper, in a half-leather cover
 
| Material          = Paper, in a half-leather cover
| Size              = 204 [[folia]]
+
| Size              = 204 [[folia]] (210 mm × 290 mm)
| Format            = Double-sided; one illustrations <br/>per side, with captions
+
| Format            = Double-sided; one illustrations per side, <br/>with captions
 
| Condition          =  
 
| Condition          =  
| Script            = [[script::Bastarda]]
+
| Script            =  
 
| Contents          =  
 
| Contents          =  
 
| Illumination(s)    =  
 
| Illumination(s)    =  
Line 35: Line 35:
 
| Exemplar(s)        =  
 
| Exemplar(s)        =  
 
| Previously kept    =  
 
| Previously kept    =  
| Discovered        =  
+
| Discovered        = [[Jan Dovica]]
 
| Website            = [http://gateway-bayern.de/BV040710618 Library catalog entry]
 
| Website            = [http://gateway-bayern.de/BV040710618 Library catalog entry]
| Images            = [http://bvbm1.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2=simple_viewer&pid=5281832 Digital scans] (1500x2000)
+
| Images            = [http://bvbm1.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2{{=}}simple_viewer&pid=5281832 Digital scans] (1500x2000)
 
| below              =  
 
| below              =  
 
}}
 
}}
The '''MS B.200''' is a [[nationality::German]] commonplace book created in or around 1524.{{cn}} The original currently rests in the holdings of the [[Universitätsbibliothek Erlangen-Nürnberg]] in Erlangen, Germany. The manuscript is a compilation of a variety of disparate texts, including a series of fencing and wrestling devices based on the treatise of [[Andre Paurñfeyndt]] and the ''[[Das Landshuter Ringerbuch (Hans Wurm)|Landshuter Ringerbuch]]''.
+
The '''MS B.200''' is a [[nationality::German]] commonplace book created in or around 1524; it seems to have been scribed by one [[Benedictus Rughalm]], though he was probably not the author of any of it.<ref>Internally dated on [http://digital.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2=simple_viewer&pid=5281832&childpid=5282456 86v], and both dated and signed on [http://digital.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2=simple_viewer&pid=5281832&childpid=5282603 164r].</ref> The original currently rests in the holdings of the [[Universitätsbibliothek Erlangen-Nürnberg]] in Erlangen, Germany. The manuscript is a compilation of a variety of disparate texts, and includes a brief series of fencing and wrestling devices based on the only two printed German books on fighting at the time, the anonymous ''[[Das Landshuter Ringerbuch (Hans Wurm)|Landshuter Ringerbuch]]'' ("Landshut Wrestling Manual") and [[Andre Paurñfeyndt]]'s ''[[Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurñfeyndt)|Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey]]'' ("Foundation of the Chivalric Art of Swordplay").
  
 
== Provenance ==
 
== Provenance ==
Line 51: Line 51:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! id="page" | [[Andre Paurñfeyndt|118r - 119r]]
 
! id="page" | [[Andre Paurñfeyndt|118r - 119r]]
| Illustrated version of the "Twelve Rules for the Beginning Fencer" by Andre Paurñfeyndt
+
| {{treatise begin
 +
| title = Nine of the "Twelve Rules for the Beginning Fencer" by Andre Paurñfeyndt
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="treatisecontent"
 +
|-
 +
! <p>Images</p>
 +
! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Matt Galas]]</p>
 +
! <p>Transcription{{edit index|Liber Quodlibetarius (MS B.200)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 118r-a.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>Lively and spirited, [with weapon] in hand; or it will shame the both of us.</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>He who steps after cutting, <br/>will not be happy with his luck.</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 118r.png|1|lbl=118r}}
 +
 
 +
{{section|page:MS B.200 118r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 118r-b.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>Whichever leg is forward, should be bent;<br/>the left extended; hold the body upright.</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 118r.png|3|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 118v-a.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>Fence on high with your body stretched;<br/>make your attacks with force from a distance.</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 118v.png|1|lbl=118v}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 118v-b.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>Strike and step with one another; <br/>and set the feet against each other.</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>Note what the flat is; <br/>don’t fight from the left if you are right[-handed].</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 118v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
{{section|page:MS B.200 118v.png|3|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 119r-a.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>Step close in the bind; <br/>otherwise you will be wounded.</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>If you scare easily, <br/>don’t learn how to fence.</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 119r.png|1|lbl=119r}}
 +
 
 +
{{section|page:MS B.200 119r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| class="noline" | [[File:MS B.200 119r-b.png|400px|center]]
 +
| class="noline" | <p>Fight close at the body; <br/>don’t avoid [giving] light hits.</p>
 +
 
 +
<p>Strike ‘before’ and ‘after’; <br/>don’t be too quick to run in close.</p>
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|page:MS B.200 119r.png|3|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
{{section|page:MS B.200 119r.png|4|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
{{treatise end}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! [[Andre Paurñfeyndt|119v - 121r]]
 
! [[Andre Paurñfeyndt|119v - 121r]]
| Additional devices, possibly based on Andre Paurñfeyndt
+
| {{treatise begin
 +
| title = Additional devices, possibly based on Andre Paurñfeyndt
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="treatisecontent"
 +
|-
 +
! <p>Images</p>
 +
! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Matt Galas]]</p>
 +
! <p>Transcription{{edit index|Liber Quodlibetarius (MS B.200)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 119v-a.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>Give way backwards and retreat.</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 119v.png|1|lbl=119v}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 119v-b.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>Hold still; wait a while.</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 119v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 120r-a.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>Strike quickly, I tell you; {{red|or I will give you a thrust.}}</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 120r.png|1|lbl=120r}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 120r-b.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>{{red|Strike, step—and cut together with [him].}}</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 120r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 120v-a.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>[No text]</p>
 +
| {{paget|MS B.200|120v|png|blk=1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 120v-b.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>[No text]</p>
 +
| <p>[No text]</p>
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 121r-a.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>Take note, that wreath is mine!</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 121r.png|1|lbl=121r}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| class="noline" | [[File:MS B.200 121r-b.png|400px|center]]
 +
| class="noline" | <p>{{red|I cannot prevent you from closing in;}} use ''Indes''.</p>
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|page:MS B.200 121r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
{{treatise end}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
! [[Das Landshuter Ringerbuch (Hans Wurm)|121v - 125r]]
 
! [[Das Landshuter Ringerbuch (Hans Wurm)|121v - 125r]]
| [[Wrestling]] based on ''das Landshuter Ringerbuch''
+
| {{treatise begin
 +
| title = Wrestling based on the ''Landshuter Ringerbuch''
 +
| width = 90em
 +
}}
 +
{| class="treatisecontent"
 +
|-
 +
! <p>Images</p>
 +
! <p>{{rating|C}}<br/>by [[Matt Galas]]</p>
 +
! <p>Transcription{{edit index|Liber Quodlibetarius (MS B.200)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 121v-a.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>In Saint George’s name, begin; and watch to see whether your opponent goes high or low: That is the beginning [lesson] of wrestling.</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 121v.png|1|lbl=121v}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 121v-b.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>If he grabs at you with his hand, then use the technique that is called ''Zucken'' (pulling).</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 121v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 122r-a.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>{{gold|If he has lifted you up, then use the technique which you see here.}}</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 122r.png|1|lbl=122r}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 122r-b.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>If he shoves you away from him when you are in the ''Haken'' (hook), then grab a piece of his jacket near the hip.</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 122r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 122v-a.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>This technique is called the ''Inwendig Schlent Hagkl'' (inside [?] hook). If you use that at full force, you will throw him.</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 122v.png|1|lbl=122v}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 122v-b.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>{{red|If your opponent grabs you first, then use this technique, which is called the ''Abstoss'' (shove-away).}}</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 122v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 123r-a.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>If he stands upright and positions himself in the Balance.</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 123r.png|1|lbl=123r}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 123r-b.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>If he pulls your head [under his arm] when you try to run in at him with the ''Hacken'' (hook), then use the technique called the ''Aüsser Hacken'' (outer hook).</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 123r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 123v-a.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>If your opponent grabs hold of you with fury, then use the ''Abwinden'' (turning aside). If he has lifted you up, act as if you are going to fall, [but instead] grasp hold of his right thigh and shove him away from you.</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 123v.png|1|lbl=123v}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 123v-b.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>If he stands completely upright and strains backwards, then use the technique called the ''Schragen''.</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 123v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 124r-a.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>If he stands with his legs wide apart, then use the technique called the ''Halb Hufft'' (half hip).</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 124r.png|1|lbl=124r}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 124r-b.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>This is the hip in the ''Aüsser Hacken'' (outer hook). Use this with force. Wrestle with the legs and step forwards [to the?] hip.</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 124r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 124v-a.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>[No text]</p>
 +
| {{paget|MS B.200|124v|png|blk=1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 124v-b.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>[No text]</p>
 +
| <p>[No text]</p>
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:MS B.200 125r-a.png|400px|center]]
 +
| <p>[No text]</p>
 +
| {{section|page:MS B.200 125r.png|1|lbl=125r|blk=1}}
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| class="noline" | [[File:MS B.200 125r-b.png|400px|center]]
 +
| class="noline" | <p>In words, in herbs, and in stones lies much power.</p>
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|page:MS B.200 125r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
{{treatise end}}
  
 
|}
 
|}
Line 65: Line 264:
 
== Gallery ==
 
== Gallery ==
  
Images hosted by the [[Universitätsbibliothek Erlangen-Nürnberg]].
+
Images hosted by the [[Universitätsbibliothek Erlangen-Nürnberg]].{{-}}
  
[[http://digital.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2{{=}}simple_viewer&pid{{=}}5281832 Digital images] available for download.]
+
{{image|MS B.200 118r.png|118r|link=http://digital.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2{{=}}simple_viewer&pid{{=}}5281832&childpid{{=}}5282515}}
 +
{{image|MS B.200 118v.png|118v|link=http://digital.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2{{=}}simple_viewer&pid{{=}}5281832&childpid{{=}}5282516}}
 +
{{image|MS B.200 119r.png|119r|link=http://digital.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2{{=}}simple_viewer&pid{{=}}5281832&childpid{{=}}5282517}}
 +
{{image|MS B.200 119v.png|119v|link=http://digital.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2{{=}}simple_viewer&pid{{=}}5281832&childpid{{=}}5282518}}
 +
{{image|MS B.200 120r.png|120r|link=http://digital.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2{{=}}simple_viewer&pid{{=}}5281832&childpid{{=}}5282519}}
 +
{{image|MS B.200 120v.png|120v|link=http://digital.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2{{=}}simple_viewer&pid{{=}}5281832&childpid{{=}}5282520}}
 +
{{image|MS B.200 121r.png|121r|link=http://digital.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2{{=}}simple_viewer&pid{{=}}5281832&childpid{{=}}5282521}}
 +
{{image|MS B.200 121v.png|121v|link=http://digital.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2{{=}}simple_viewer&pid{{=}}5281832&childpid{{=}}5282522}}
 +
{{image|MS B.200 122r.png|122r|link=http://digital.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2{{=}}simple_viewer&pid{{=}}5281832&childpid{{=}}5282523}}
 +
{{image|MS B.200 122v.png|122v|link=http://digital.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2{{=}}simple_viewer&pid{{=}}5281832&childpid{{=}}5282524}}
 +
{{image|MS B.200 123r.png|123r|link=http://digital.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2{{=}}simple_viewer&pid{{=}}5281832&childpid{{=}}5282525}}
 +
{{image|MS B.200 123v.png|123v|link=http://digital.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2{{=}}simple_viewer&pid{{=}}5281832&childpid{{=}}5282526}}
 +
{{image|MS B.200 124r.png|124r|link=http://digital.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2{{=}}simple_viewer&pid{{=}}5281832&childpid{{=}}5282527}}
 +
{{image|MS B.200 124v.png|124v|link=http://digital.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2{{=}}simple_viewer&pid{{=}}5281832&childpid{{=}}5282528}}
 +
{{image|MS B.200 125r.png|125r|link=http://digital.bib-bvb.de/webclient/DeliveryManager?custom_att_2{{=}}simple_viewer&pid{{=}}5281832&childpid{{=}}5282529}}
  
 
== Additional Resources ==
 
== Additional Resources ==
Line 91: Line 304:
 
{{sourcebox
 
{{sourcebox
 
  | work        = Translation
 
  | work        = Translation
  | authors    =  
+
  | authors    = [[Matt Galas]]
 
  | source link =  
 
  | source link =  
  | source title=  
+
  | source title= Private communication
  | license    =  
+
  | license    = copyrighted
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{sourcebox
 
{{sourcebox
Line 107: Line 320:
 
[[Category:Treatises]]
 
[[Category:Treatises]]
 
[[Category:Manuscripts]]
 
[[Category:Manuscripts]]
 +
[[Category:Content]]
  
 
[[Category:Research/Background Information]]
 
[[Category:Research/Background Information]]
[[Category:Translation]]
+
 
 +
[[Category:Dagger]]
 +
[[Category:Dussack]]
 +
[[Category:Grappling]]
 +
[[Category:Longsword]]
 +
[[Category:Staff Weapons]]
 +
 
 +
[[Category:New format]]

Latest revision as of 03:52, 2 March 2021

Liber Quodlibetarius
MS B.200, Universitätsbibliothek Erlangen
Erlangen, Germany

MS B.200 117v.png
MS B.200 118r.png
ff 117v - 118r
WiktenauerLeng
WierschinHils
Type Commonplace book
Date 1524
Place of origin Nuremberg
Language(s) Early New High German
Scribe(s) Benedictus Rughalm
Author(s) Unknown
Illustrated by Unknown
Material Paper, in a half-leather cover
Size 204 folia (210 mm × 290 mm)
Format Double-sided; one illustrations per side,
with captions
Identified Jan Dovica
External data Library catalog entry
Treatise scans Digital scans (1500x2000)

The MS B.200 is a German commonplace book created in or around 1524; it seems to have been scribed by one Benedictus Rughalm, though he was probably not the author of any of it.[1] The original currently rests in the holdings of the Universitätsbibliothek Erlangen-Nürnberg in Erlangen, Germany. The manuscript is a compilation of a variety of disparate texts, and includes a brief series of fencing and wrestling devices based on the only two printed German books on fighting at the time, the anonymous Landshuter Ringerbuch ("Landshut Wrestling Manual") and Andre Paurñfeyndt's Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey ("Foundation of the Chivalric Art of Swordplay").

Provenance

Contents

118r - 119r
119v - 121r
121v - 125r

Gallery

Images hosted by the Universitätsbibliothek Erlangen-Nürnberg.

118r
MS B.200 118r.png
118v
MS B.200 118v.png
119r
MS B.200 119r.png
119v
MS B.200 119v.png
120r
MS B.200 120r.png
120v
MS B.200 120v.png
121r
MS B.200 121r.png
121v
MS B.200 121v.png
122r
MS B.200 122r.png
122v
MS B.200 122v.png
123r
MS B.200 123r.png
123v
MS B.200 123v.png
124r
MS B.200 124r.png
124v
MS B.200 124v.png
125r
MS B.200 125r.png

Additional Resources

References

  1. Internally dated on 86v, and both dated and signed on 164r.

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Images Universitätsbibliothek Erlangen-Nürnberg
Public Domain-permission.png
Translation Matt Galas Private communication
Copyrighted.png
Transcription Dierk Hagedorn Index:Liber Quodlibetarius (MS B.200)
Copyrighted.png