Romeyn de Hooghe
|Romeyn de Hooghe|
|Died||10 June 1708 (aged 62)|
Romeyn de Hooghe (bapt. 10 September 1645 – 10 June 1708) was an important and prolific late Dutch Baroque engraver and caricaturist. De Hooghe was skilled as an etcher, draughtsman, painter, sculptor and medalist. He is best known for political caricatures of Louis XIV of France and propagandistic prints supporting William of Orange. During his career, de Hooghe produced over 3500 prints. He also illustrated books, and his illustrations can be found in some of the most important texts of his period. The Hieroglyphica of Merkbeelden der oude volkeren (1735) was a well known emblem book and sourcebook for classical mythology and its iconography.
Romeyn de Hooghe was born in Amsterdam, Holland, in 1645 to Romeyn de Hooghe and Susanne Gerarts. He had a print and art shop in the Kalverstraat from 1675 and another one in De Weakeren Hond at the Dam Square since 1677. Before 1677 he also lived in De wakende Hond, which was situated at the corner of the Beurssteeg at the Dam Square. From 1667-1691 he illustrated for the newspapers Hollandsche Mercurius, Princelycke almanach and Orangien Wonderspiegel. Romeyn's uncle Pieter de Hooghe died in 1681 and left his entire estate to Romeyn. He and his wife moved to Haarlem but kept their house in Amsterdam. In 1689 they moved into a newly build house in Haarlem at the Nieuwe Gracht 13. Behind the house was a French style garden which led to the houses facing the next street, the Ridderstraat, in which he opened an drawing and arts school. With 2 other masters he taught there for 3 hours a week on Monday, Wednesday and Saturday. The lessons were free and accesable to both poor and fortunate children. Romeyn de Hooghe was very loyal to the Stadhouder Willem the Third, something that got him into trouble on several ocassions and made him a target for slander.
Romeyn de Hooghe was a friend of wrestling master Nicolaes Petter, and produced 71 prints for Petter's 1674 treatise Klare Onderrichtinge der Voortreffelijke Worstel-Konst.