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| Size              = 22 [[folia]] (100 mm × 145 mm)
 
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| <p>Likewise: A break for the golden cuts. When you see that the opponent wishes to break the golden cut, strike against their upper left opening with your short edge. Whatever they then strike, you can parry and lunge back and with the golden cuts, cut through into the plunge from the opponent and lay yourself in the lower left position, so that you are again prepared.</p>
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| <p>Likewise: A break for the golden cuts. When you see that the opponent wishes to use the golden cut, strike against their upper left opening with your short edge. Whatever they then strike, you can parry and lunge back and with the golden cuts, cut through into the plunge from the opponent and lay yourself in the lower left position, so that you are again prepared.</p>
 
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{{section|Page:MS Best.7020 W-150 05v.png|4|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Best.7020 W-150 06r.png|1|lbl=06r|p=1}}
 
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| <p>Likewise: A break for the triangle. when you see that the opponent wishes to break the triangle, lay in the schylt and step back and parry it with the golden parrying, strike at their nearest availble opening.</p>
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| <p>Likewise: A break for the triangle. when you see that the opponent wishes to use the triangle, lay in the schylt and step back and parry it with the golden parrying, strike at their nearest availble opening.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:MS Best.7020 W-150 06r.png|3|lbl=-}}
 
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| <p>Likewise: A good play. When you fence with someone, should they be low, break the long thrust to the face strongly 2, 3 or 4 times and cut them to the next opening. Thus you have them how you yourself wish.</p>
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| <p>Likewise: A good play. When you fence with someone, should they be low, use the long thrust to the face strongly 2, 3 or 4 times and cut them to the next opening. Thus you have them how you yourself wish.</p>
 
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{{section|Page:MS Best.7020 W-150 14v.png|4|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Best.7020 W-150 15r.png|1|lbl=15r|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Best.7020 W-150 14v.png|4|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Best.7020 W-150 15r.png|1|lbl=15r|p=1}}
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| <p>Likewise: A play called the misplaced foot. Break it with insight if you wish to win the prize.</p>
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| <p>Likewise: A play called the misplaced foot. Use it with insight if you wish to win the prize.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:MS Best.7020 W-150 15r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Best.7020 W-150 15r.png|2|lbl=-}}
  
 
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| <p>Likewise: A play called the little wheel. Break wing-cuts 4 times in one play.</p>
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| <p>Likewise: A play called the little wheel. Use wing-cuts 4 times in one play.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:MS Best.7020 W-150 15r.png|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Best.7020 W-150 15r.png|3|lbl=-}}
  
 
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| <p>Likewise: A break for the unicorn. As you see that someone, who is about to break the unicorn, then break the wing-cut.</p>
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| <p>Likewise: A break for the unicorn. As you see that someone, who is about to use the unicorn, then use the wing-cut.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:MS Best.7020 W-150 15r.png|4|lbl=-}}
 
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| <p>Item a break for the same wing-cut. If you see the wing-cut broken, yank the right foot behind you and cut toward their outside opening.</p>
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| <p>Item a break for the same wing-cut. If you see the wing-cut [will be]<ref>see parallell usage below in the triangle play</ref> used, yank the right foot behind you and cut toward their outside opening.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:MS Best.7020 W-150 15r.png|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Best.7020 W-150 15r.png|6|lbl=-}}
  
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| <p>{{red|b=1|Likewise: If you wish to show art,<br/>dvance yourself left and right with cuts.}}</p>
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| <p>{{red|b=1|Item. If you wish to examine<ref>inspect/see/behold/assess</ref> the art,<br/>Go left and right with cutting, etc.}}</p>
 
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| <p>Likewise: A break for the triangle. If you see that someone will break the triangle, then yank your right foot behind you and cut strongly from the opponent to the nearest opening, there is no shame for you.</p>
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| <p>Likewise: A break for the triangle. If you see that someone will use the triangle, then yank your right foot behind you and cut strongly from the opponent to the nearest opening, there is no shame for you.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:MS Best.7020 W-150 16r.png|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Best.7020 W-150 16r.png|3|lbl=-}}
  

Latest revision as of 03:44, 2 March 2021

Fechtregeln
MS Best.7020 (W*)150, Historisches Archiv
Cologne, Germany

MS Best.7020 W-150 01v.png
MS Best.7020 W-150 02r.png
ff 1v - 2r
WiktenauerLeng
Wierschin20Hils25
Also known as MS W.* 8 150
Type
Date ca. 1500
Language(s) Early New High German (Ripuarian)
Author(s) Unknown
Size 22 folia (100 mm × 145 mm)
Format Double-sided
External data Handschriftencensus
Treatise scans Microfilm scans
Other translations Traduction française

Fechtregeln ("Fencing Rules"; MS Best. 7020 (W*)150)[1] is an anonymous German fencing manual created around the turn of the 16th century.[2] It currently rests in the holdings of the Historisches Archiv der Stadt Köln in Cologne, Germany; it was housed in the wing of the Archive that collapsed on 3 March 2009,[3] but it was recovered and seems to have been undamaged.[4]

Fechtregeln contains several verses resembling Johannes Liechtenauer's Recital, but it has few other obvious parallels to the teachings of the high master.[2] However, as James Acutt points out, it does bear a certain resemblance to the syllabus of the Marxbrüder fencing guild as described by Hans Sachs.[5]

Provenance

The known provenance of the MS Best. 7020 (W*)150 is:

  • Created in ca. 1500[2] by an anonymous scribe; the dialect of German used in the text (Ripuarian) suggests an origin in Cologne, Germany.[6]
  • before 1824 – acquired by scholar and collector Ferdinand Franz Wallraf (donated upon his death, 1824).
  • 1824-present – held by the Historisches Archiv der Stadt Köln.

Contents

1r Blank
1v
2r - 8r
10v - 12r
13r - 16v
16v - 17r
20r
20v
21v - 22r

Gallery


Front Cover
MS Best.7020 W-150 Cover 1.png
Inside Cover
MS Best.7020 W-150 Cover 2.png
Folio 1r
MS Best.7020 W-150 01r.png
Folio 1v
MS Best.7020 W-150 01v.png
Folio 2r
MS Best.7020 W-150 02r.png
Folio 2v
MS Best.7020 W-150 02v.png
Folio 3r
MS Best.7020 W-150 03r.png
Folio 3v
MS Best.7020 W-150 03v.png
Folio 4r
MS Best.7020 W-150 04r.png
Folio 4v
MS Best.7020 W-150 04v.png
Folio 5r
MS Best.7020 W-150 05r.png
Folio 5v
MS Best.7020 W-150 05v.png
Folio 6r
MS Best.7020 W-150 06r.png
Folio 6v
MS Best.7020 W-150 06v.png
Folio 7r
MS Best.7020 W-150 07r.png
Folio 7v
MS Best.7020 W-150 07v.png
Folio 8r
MS Best.7020 W-150 08r.png
Folio 8v
Folio 9r
Folio 9v
Folio 10r
Folio 10v
MS Best.7020 W-150 10v.png
Folio 11r
MS Best.7020 W-150 11r.png
Folio 11v
MS Best.7020 W-150 11v.png
Folio 12r
MS Best.7020 W-150 12r.png
Folio 12v
MS Best.7020 W-150 12v.png
Folio 13r
MS Best.7020 W-150 13r.png
Folio 13v
MS Best.7020 W-150 13v.png
Folio 14r
MS Best.7020 W-150 14r.png
Folio 14v
MS Best.7020 W-150 14v.png
Folio 15r
MS Best.7020 W-150 15r.png
Folio 15v
MS Best.7020 W-150 15v.png
Folio 16r
MS Best.7020 W-150 16r.png
Folio 16v
MS Best.7020 W-150 16v.png
Folio 17r
MS Best.7020 W-150 17r.png
Folio 17v
Folio 18r
Folio 18v
Folio 19r
Folio 19v
MS Best.7020 W-150 19v.png
Folio 20r
MS Best.7020 W-150 20r.png
Folio 20v
MS Best.7020 W-150 20v.png
Folio 21r
MS Best.7020 W-150 21r.png
Folio 21v
MS Best.7020 W-150 21v.png
Folio 22r
MS Best.7020 W-150 22r.png
Folio 22v
MS Best.7020 W-150 22v.png
Inside Cover
MS Best.7020 W-150 Cover 3.png
Rear Cover
MS Best.7020 W-150 Cover 4.png


Additional Resources

References

  1. Also sometimes called the "Kölner Fechtbuch" (Fencing Manual of Cologne).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Matthias Johannes Bauer. "Köln, Hist. Archiv der Stadt, Best. 7020 (W*) 150". Handschriftencensus. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der handschriftlichen Überlieferung deutschsprachiger Texte des Mittelalters. October, 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  3. Newspaper article Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung 01.03.2010
  4. Personal report from one of the salvage workers.
  5. James Acutt. "The Fight-Lore of the Long Sword From the Kölner Fechtbuch (MS Best.7020)". Paleoeskirmology Historical Combat Systems. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  6. Handschriftencensus Rheinland. Erfassung mittelalterlicher Handschriften im rheinischen Landesteil von Nordrhein-Westfalen mit einem Inventar. Ed. Günter Gattermann. 1993. Vol. 2, pp. 1319f. (Nr. 2488)
  7. schylt: 1)shield. 2) to push off with an oar. a rudder pole. 3)shaved or peeled
  8. A proverb similar to the one also found in Kal (Cgm 1507, 6r)
  9. A similar description appears in Meyer, 1.19v.1 (Forgeng 2006, 64)
  10. "b" and "a" in the margin are to show that the two plays are in reverse order.
  11. this is not referencing the four positions, rather it is about posture and footing
  12. see parallell usage below in the triangle play
  13. Bröße: Brosche. A long straight awl or spike.
  14. inspect/see/behold/assess
  15. Pseudo-zettel, referring to the four openings (vier blossen) verse.
  16. A small spear often on a cord, thrown from a free hand
  17. A knedel is a knot or lump

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Images Historisches Archiv Historisches Archiv
Public Domain.png
Translation Christian Trosclair Wiktenauer
CCBYNCSA30.png
Transcription Dieter Bachmann Index:Fechtregeln (MS Best.7020 (W*)150)
Public Domain Contribution.png