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Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)

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Nuremberg Hausbuch
MS 3227a, Germanisches Nationalmuseum
Nuremberg, Germany

MS 3227a 13v.jpg
MS 3227a 14r.jpg
ff 13v - 14r
WiktenauerLeng38.1.4
Wierschin30Hils41
Type Commonplace book
Date ca. 1400s
Language(s) Middle High German
Author(s)
Compiled by Unknown
Material Paper and parchment, in a
leather binding
Size 169 folia
Script Bastarda
External data Museum catalog entry
Images
Other translations

The Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a) is a German commonplace book (or Hausbuch in German) thought to have been created some time between 1389 and 1494.[1] The original currently rests in the holdings of the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg, Germany. It is sometimes erroneously attributed to Hans Döbringer,[2] when in fact he is but one of the four authors of a brief addendum to Johannes Liechtenauer's art of long sword fencing, the only fencing material in the manuscript that appears in another fencing manual. The rest of the manuscript is a typical example of a commonplace book, containing a variety of unrelated treatises on mundane and esoteric topics, including fencing and grappling. The martial sections of the text seem to consist of commentary on and expansion of the teachings of Liechtenauer, even containing the only biographical details of the master yet discovered, and it is even speculated that he was still alive at the time of the writing.[3]

Christian Tobler argues that it is unjustified to assume a date of 1389 based purely on the presence of a century-long calendar. The eclectic nature of commonplace books means that the calendar could easily have been an old calendar or even a future one. As the date of the Nuremberg Hausbuch is also used to estimate the time period of Liechtenauer's career, this is a significant error. (Using it to date Liechtenauer is further complicated by the fact that even if he were alive when the fencing treatise was written, the version in this manuscript is potentially a later copy rather than the original.)[4] An upper limit on the origin of the manuscript can be set based on the date in the cover, but realistically it could still originate from any time between the turn of the 15th century and Nicolaus Pol's ownership in 1494.

Provenance

Contents

1r - 5v Treatise on fireworks (Marcus Graecus: Liber Ignium)
5v
6r Recipes for powders used for painting
6v - 10v Latin recipes (paint, alchemy, medicine)
11r - 12r
12v - 13r Alchemical recipes in Latin
13v - 17v
18r - 40r
43r - 52v Long sword by Andres Juden, Jobs von der Nyssen, Nicklass Prewßen, and "the Priest" Hans Döbringer
53r - 59v Recital on mounted fencing by Johannes Liechtenauer
60r - 62r Recital on short sword by Johannes Liechtenauer
64r - 65r
66v - 67r Astrological texts, magical and medicinal recipes, name magic
67v
68r - 73v Astrological texts, magical and medicinal recipes, name magic
74r
74v - 77v Recipes for paint, tumors, metal and ivory treatment
78r
79r - 81v Miscellaneous Latin recipes, treatment of gems, preparation of a miraculous potion
82rv
83v Religious calendar, 1390-1495
84r - 85r
85v - 86v Magical recipes
86r - 89r
90v - 165v Recipes for dental hygiene, various alchemical recipes, food recipes, nonsense recipes, in various hands
166r - 169v Index to the recipes in the manuscript, partly illegible

Gallery

Folio 11r
MS 3227a 11r.jpg
Folio 11v
MS 3227a 11v.jpg
Folio 12r
MS 3227a 12r.jpg
Folio 12v
Folio 13r
Folio 13v
MS 3227a 13v.jpg
Folio 14r
MS 3227a 14r.jpg
Folio 14v
MS 3227a 14v.jpg
Folio 15r
MS 3227a 15r.jpg
Folio 15v
MS 3227a 15v.jpg
Folio 16r
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Folio 16v
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Folio 17r
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Folio 17v
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Folio 18r
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Folio 18v
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Folio 19r
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Folio 19v
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Folio 20r
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Folio 20v
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Folio 21r
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Folio 21v
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Folio 22r
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Folio 22v
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Folio 23r
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Folio 23v
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Folio 24r
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Folio 24v
[Blank]
Folio 25r
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Folio 25v
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Folio 26r
[Blank]
Folio 26v
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Folio 27r
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Folio 27v
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Folio 28r
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Folio 28v
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Folio 29r
[Blank]
Folio 29v
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Folio 30r
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Folio 30v
[Blank]
Folio 31r
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Folio 31v
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Folio 32r
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Folio 32v
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Folio 33r
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Folio 33v
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Folio 34r
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Folio 34v
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Folio 35r
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Folio 35v
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Folio 36r
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Folio 36v
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Folio 37r
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Folio 37v
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Folio 38r
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Folio 38v
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Folio 39r
[Blank]
Folio 39v
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Folio 40r
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Folio 40v
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Folio 41r
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Folio 41v
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Folio 42r
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Folio 42v
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Folio 43r
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Folio 43v
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Folio 44r
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Folio 44v
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Folio 45r
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Folio 45v
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Folio 46r
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Folio 46v
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Folio 47r
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Folio 47v
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Folio 48r
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Folio 48v
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Folio 49r
[Blank]
Folio 49v
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Folio 50r
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Folio 50v
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Folio 51r
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Folio 51v
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Folio 52r
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Folio 52v
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Folio 53r
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Folio 53v
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Folio 54r
[Blank]
Folio 54v
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Folio 55r
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Folio 55v
[Blank]
Folio 56r
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Folio 56v
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Folio 57r
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Folio 57v
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Folio 58r
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Folio 58v
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Folio 59r
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Folio 59v
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Folio 60r
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Folio 60v
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Folio 61r
[Blank]
Folio 61v
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Folio 62r
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Folio 62v
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Folio 63r
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Folio 63v
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Folio 64r
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Folio 64v
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Folio 65r
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Folio 65v
[Blank]

Additional Resources

References

  1. The date of 1389 is based on the presence of a 105-year religious calendar on folio 83v that begins in 1390, while the date 1494 is included with the signature of Nicolaus Pol inside the front cover.
  2. The attribution to Hans "Hanko" Döbringer is based on how prominently the name "Hanko pfaffen Döbringers" appears to be displayed on folio 43r, but upon examination this is revealed as a simple correction inserted in the margin indicating that Döbringer's name had been accidentally omitted from the list of four authors of the treatise beginning on that page. Attributing this manuscript to Döbringer therefore requires him to have forgotten to include his own name in his own treatise.
  3. The manuscript uniformly lacks the traditional prayer for the dead when mentioning his name.
  4. Tobler, Christian Henry. "Chicken and Eggs: Which Master Came First?" In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts. Wheaton, IL: Freelance Academy Press, 2010.
  5. This has proven as untranslatable so far and here I can only guess the meaning! I guess this is about the concealed quality of the strikes, but I am not sure.
  6. Alternative interpretation: keep your blade on top of his.
  7. Thrust exchange from the bind.
  8. Striking the wrist and arms.
  9. vorreben?
  10. Cut to the hands and then cut the throat.
  11. from above; the high guard
  12. upper opening
  13. lower opening
  14. The comment ends here and remains unfinished.
  15. Most of the verses on this page are associated with armored fencing in other treatises.
  16. crown displacement technique
  17. This paragraph is above the script level. Unlike other places where there are definitely forgotten passages originally marked with a caret, such is missing here. Thus, it can be conjectured that this is a later addition or comment.
  18. latin: ut potuit. "as [they] are able" This is underlined and not stricken.
  19. Latin passage follows ; very difficult.
  20. Please note that there are only three methods described against the turning-out.
  21. The next sentence /och me was../ does not make any sense.
  22. Alternate description follows, it hopefully should make the method clearer:
    If he holds you by the shoulders, and you grab his shoulders from the outside. Then you sling your right arm with the elbow over his left and below his right, and push downwards, so his right arm moves up. Take this arm over your head and secure the grip with your left hand behind your head; and then push against his chest with your right again. This will lead to a painful breaking lock.
  23. This is a partner exercise, similar to one I know in chinese shuai chiao

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Images Germanisches Nationalmuseum Digitale Bibliothek
CCBYNCSA30.png
Translation (11r - 12r) Jeffrey Hull "Fight-Book Clues to the Quality and Build of Knightly Weaponry"
Copyrighted.png
Translation (13v - 89v) Thomas Stoeppler Private communication
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Translation (74r) Michael Chidester Wiktenauer
CCBYNCSA30.png
Translation (78r) Betsy Winslow Wiktenauer
CCBYNCSA30.png
Transcription Dierk Hagedorn Index:Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)
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