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Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)

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Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn
MS Dresd.C.487, Sächsische Landesbibliothek
Dresden, Germany

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ff 1v - 2r
WiktenauerLeng
Wierschin4Hils16
Type
Date 1504-1519 (?)
Language(s) Early New High German
Author(s)
Compiled by Unknown
Material Paper
Size 126 folia
Format Double-sided, with black and
red ink
Script Bastarda
External data Library catalog entry
Images

Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn ("Johannes Liechtenauer's Written Fencing Book"; MS Dresden C 487) is a German fencing manual created between 1504 and 1519.[1] The original currently rests in the holdings of the Sächsische Landesbibliothek in Dresden, Germany. This manuscript is often wrongly attributed to Sigmund Schining ein Ringeck, but although his gloss of Johannes Liechtenauer's Record forms a significant portion of the text, he is referred to in the third person in its introduction and was most likely not responsible for the manuscript itself. The rest of the manuscript consists of an assortment of treatises by several different masters who stood in the tradition of Johannes Liechtenauer, though unlike most such manuscripts, none of the individual treatises have attributions apart from Ringeck's.

Dating this manuscript has been problematic in the past, as writers have generally assumed that it was an autograph or archetype prepared for Ringeck himself and used assumptions about his life as a starting point.[2] Thus, in 1956 Martin Wierschin dated the manuscript to the first half of the 15th century and noted that it might date to as early as the late 14th century, based on the assumptions that it was a copy of the MS 3227a and that Ringeck was a direct student of Liechtenauer in the mid-late 14th century.[3] In 1985, Hans-Peter Hils postulated a date between 1438 and 1452, based on identifying the dedicatee with Albrecht III of Bavaria and assuming it was the source for the Cod. 44.A.8.[4] However, while the original text of Ringeck's gloss may indeed date to the 15th century, in 2010 Werner J. Hoffmann arrived at the currently-accepted and much later date of this manuscript through watermark analysis.[1]

Provenance

The known provenance of the MS Dresden C.487 is:

  • Created in Swabia or Bavaria using paper made between 1504 and 1519.[1]
  • before 1755 – acquired by the Sächsische Landesbibliothek in Dresden, Germany.[5]
  • 1755-present – held by the Sächsische Landesbibliothek.

Contents

1r - 2v
3r - 9v Recital by Johannes Liechtenauer
10v - 48v Gloss of Liechtenauer's Bloßfechten by Sigmund Schining ein Ringeck
49r - 54r Longsword by Sigmund Schining ein Ringeck
54r - 55v Sword and Buckler by Andre Liegniczer
55v - 57r Bloßfechten by Johannes Liechtenauer (fragment)
57r - 59v
66r - 77v
78r - 84r Grappling by Ott Jud (fragment)
84r - 86v
88r - 108r Gloss of Liechtenauer's Kampffechten by Sigmund Schining ein Ringeck
109r - 121v Gloss of Liechtenauer's Roßfechten by Sigmund Schining ein Ringeck
122r - 125v Four displaced pages

Gallery

Front Cover
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Additional Resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Werner J. Hoffmann. "Mscr.Dresd.C.487. Siegmund am Ringeck, Fechtlehre." Die deutschsprachigen mittelalterlichen Handschriften der Sächsischen Landesbibliothek - Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek (SLUB) Dresden. Vorläufige Beschreibungen. August, 2010. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  2. See also Christian Henry Tobler. "Chicken and Eggs: Which Master Came First?" In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts. Wheaton, IL: Freelance Academy Press, 2010.
  3. Wierschin 12-13.
  4. Hils 54-57.
  5. Carl August Scheureck. Catalogus manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Electoralis. [manuscript]. Bibl.Arch.I.B, Vol.132. Dresden, Germany: Sächsische Landesbibliothek, 1755. p 59
  6. Or I think its more likely that the word treten here is intended to convey kicking.
  7. This is a tricky word it could mean illegal breaks, unnatural breaks, or opposing breaks.
  8. I assume this means either armoured or armed.

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Images Sächsische Landesbibliothek
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Translation Keith Farrell Academy of Historical Arts
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Translation Alex and Almirena Master Sigmund Ringeck
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Transcription Dierk Hagedorn Index:Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)
Copyrighted.png