Codex Ringeck (MS Dresd.C.487)

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Codex Ringeck
MS Dresd.C.487, Sächsische Landesbibliothek
Dresden, Germany
MS Dresd. C 487 2r.jpg
ff 1v - 2r
Date Early 1500s (?)
Language(s) Early New High German
Compiled by Unknown
Material Paper
Size 122 folia
Format Double-sided, with black and
red ink
Script Bastarda
External data Library catalog entry

The MS Dresden C 487 is a German fencing manual created in the early 1500s.[1] The original currently rests in the holdings of the Sächsische Landesbibliothek in Dresden, Germany. This manuscript is commonly attributed to Sigmund Schining ein Ringeck, but although his gloss of Johannes Liechtenauer's Record forms the core of the book, he is referred to in the third person in its introduction and was most likely not responsible for the manuscript itself. The rest of the manuscript is an anthology of treatises on a variety of martial topics, by several different masters who stood in the tradition of Johannes Liechtenauer.

Until recently, this manuscript was presumed to date to first half of the 15th century due to the names mentioned within (not only Ringeck but also Duke Albrecht of Bavaria) and the style of the script.[2] ‎While the original text of Ringeck's gloss may still date to that time period, more recent watermark analysis places this manuscript much later, dating the paper to the early 16th century and potentially even narrowing it down to between 1504 and 1519.[3]


The known provenance of the MS Dresden C.487 is:


1r - 2v
3r - 9v Record by Johannes Liechtenauer
10v - 48v Gloss of Liechtenauer's Bloßfechten by Sigmund Schining ein Ringeck
49r - 54r Longsword by Sigmund Schining ein Ringeck
54r - 55v Sword and Buckler by Andre Liegniczer
55v - 57r Bloßfechten by Johannes Liechtenauer (fragment)
57r - 59v
66r - 77v
78r - 84v Grappling by Ott Jud (fragment)
84v - 87v
89r - 109r Gloss of Liechtenauer's Kampffechten by Sigmund Schining ein Ringeck
110r - 122v Gloss of Liechtenauer's Roßfechten by Sigmund Schining ein Ringeck


[Digital scans available for import.]

Additional Resources


  1. Werner J. Hoffmann. "Dresden, Landesbibl., Mscr. C 487". Handschriftencensus. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der handschriftlichen Überlieferung deutschsprachiger Texte des Mittelalters. August, 2010. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
  2. Hans-Peter Hils narrowed the range down further, asserting that it was created between 1438 and 1452; both he and Martin Wierschin also asserted that it was the exemplar for the Codex 44.A.8. See also Christian Henry Tobler. "Chicken and Eggs: Which Master Came First?" In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts. Wheaton, IL: Freelance Academy Press, 2010.
  3. Werner Hoffmann. "Siegmund am Ringeck, Fechtlehre". Manuscripta Mediaevalia. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  4. Carl August Scheureck. Catalogus manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Electoralis. [manuscript]. Bibl.Arch.I.B, Vol.132. Dresden, Germany: Sächsische Landesbibliothek, 1755. p 59
  5. Or I think its more likely that the word treten here is intended to convey kicking.
  6. This is a tricky word it could mean illegal breaks, unnatural breaks, or opposing breaks.
  7. I assume this means either armoured or armed.

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Public Domain.png
Translation Keith Farrell Academy of Historical Arts
Translation Alex and Almirena Master Sigmund Ringeck
Transcription Dierk Hagedorn Index:Codex Ringeck (MS Dresd.C.487)