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Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)

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Nuremberg Hausbuch
MS 3227a, Germanisches Nationalmuseum
Nuremberg, Germany

MS 3227a 13v.jpg
MS 3227a 14r.jpg
ff 13v - 14r
WiktenauerLeng38.1.4
Wierschin30Hils41
Type Commonplace book
Date ca. 1400s
Language(s) Middle High German
Author(s)
Compiled by Unknown
Material Paper and parchment, in a
leather binding
Size 169 folia
Script Bastarda
External data Museum catalog entry
Images
Other translations

The Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a) is a German commonplace book (or Hausbuch in German) thought to have been created some time between 1389 and 1494.[1] The original currently rests in the holdings of the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg, Germany. It is sometimes erroneously attributed to Hans Döbringer,[2] when in fact he is but one of the four authors of a brief addendum to Johannes Liechtenauer's art of long sword fencing, the only fencing material in the manuscript that appears in another fencing manual. The rest of the manuscript is a typical example of a commonplace book, containing a variety of unrelated treatises on mundane and esoteric topics, including fencing and grappling. The martial sections of the text seem to consist of commentary on and expansion of the teachings of Liechtenauer, even containing the only biographical details of the master yet discovered, and it is even speculated that he was still alive at the time of the writing.[3]

Christian Tobler argues that it is unjustified to assume a date of 1389 based purely on the presence of a century-long calendar. The eclectic nature of commonplace books means that the calendar could easily have been an old calendar or even a future one. As the date of the Nuremberg Hausbuch is also used to estimate the time period of Liechtenauer's career, this is a significant error. (Using it to date Liechtenauer is further complicated by the fact that even if he were alive when the fencing treatise was written, the version in this manuscript is potentially a later copy rather than the original.)[4] An upper limit on the origin of the manuscript can be set based on the date in the cover, but realistically it could still originate from any time between the turn of the 15th century and Nicolaus Pol's ownership in 1494.

Provenance

Contents

1r - 5v Treatise on fireworks (Marcus Graecus: Liber Ignium)
5v
6r Recipes for powders used for painting
6v - 10v Latin recipes (paint, alchemy, medicine)
11r - 12r
12v - 13r Alchemical recipes in Latin
13v - 17v
18r - 40r
43r - 52v Long sword by Andres Juden, Jobs von der Nyssen, Nicklass Prewßen, and "the Priest" Hans Döbringer
53r - 59v Recital on mounted fencing by Johannes Liechtenauer
60r - 62r Recital on short sword by Johannes Liechtenauer
64r - 65r
66v - 67r Astrological texts, magical and medicinal recipes, name magic
67v
68r - 73v Astrological texts, magical and medicinal recipes, name magic
74r
74v - 77v Recipes for paint, tumors, metal and ivory treatment
78r
79r - 81v Miscellaneous Latin recipes, treatment of gems, preparation of a miraculous potion
82rv
83v Religious calendar, 1390-1495
84r - 85r
85r - 85v, 86v Magical recipes
86r, 87r - 89r
90v - 165v Recipes for dental hygiene, various alchemical recipes, food recipes, nonsense recipes, in various hands
166r - 169v Index to the recipes in the manuscript, partly illegible

Gallery

Folio 1r
Folio 1v
Folio 2r
Folio 2v
Folio 3r
Folio 3v
Folio 4r
Folio 4v
Folio 5r
Folio 5v
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Folio 6r
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Folio 7r
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Folio 8r
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Folio 12r
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Folio 12v
Folio 13r
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Folio 14r
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Folio 14v
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Folio 15r
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Folio 53r
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Folio 57v
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Folio 58r
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Folio 59r
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Folio 70r
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Folio 90v

Additional Resources

References

  1. The date of 1389 is based on the presence of a 105-year religious calendar on folio 83v that begins in 1390, while the date 1494 is included with the signature of Nicolaus Pol inside the front cover.
  2. The attribution to Hans "Hanko" Döbringer is based on how prominently the name "Hanko pfaffen Döbringers" appears to be displayed on folio 43r, but upon examination this is revealed as a simple correction inserted in the margin indicating that Döbringer's name had been accidentally omitted from the list of four authors of the treatise beginning on that page. Attributing this manuscript to Döbringer therefore requires him to have forgotten to include his own name in his own treatise.
  3. The manuscript uniformly lacks the traditional prayer for the dead when mentioning his name.
  4. Tobler, Christian Henry. "Chicken and Eggs: Which Master Came First?" In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts. Wheaton, IL: Freelance Academy Press, 2010.
  5. The silver "soon" was added later above the line
  6. lit: entirely finished sword
  7. lit: verses
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Page has a round hole at this point.
  9. latin
  10. Remainder is blacked out.
  11. alt: behold, peer-into, witness, probe, observe, perceive, inspect, investigate, realize, comprehend. alt: show, present, embody, illuminate
  12. latin
  13. lit: tread-full. completing a step or completing the course of a thing.
  14. alt: giving-way, stepping-off. to give something up. to let something go.
  15. alt: safe, sure
  16. alt: has success
  17. ume züst => umsonst
  18. Text gives "deñe her"; correct order based on markings is given here.
  19. schlage, not schlag
  20. Word is almost illegible.
  21. aufwinden: 1) to entangle, wind into a ball 2) to turn or twist upwards.
  22. hindringen: to break or force through. overcome
  23. "Wisely" inferred from the summary
  24. alt: straight
  25. darfahren: unversehens dazu kommen
  26. Continued up the side margin; due to paper clipping, the bottom line is unclear. 65r gives "gewisse".
  27. wegen preposition
  28. wegen verb
  29. ienen
  30. "Ander" is placed after "Hewe" in the manuscript, with markings indicating the correct order.
  31. Inserted in the margin
  32. dargehen: the approach something in a hostile manner. Literally: to go-there.
  33. The page is clipped. only 'hew' remains. This manuscript spells 'haupte' as 'hewpte'
  34. twer: noun: something that gets in the way, something that cuts across something else, something that crosses. verb: to twist, to twirl, to turn obliquely in relation to something
  35. "Hew" is inserted in the margin.
  36. alt: directly, immediately
  37. The comment ends here and remains unfinished.
  38. Inserted in margin.
  39. Unlike other places where there are definitely passages originally forgotten and inserted with a caret, such is missing here. Thus, it can be conjectured that this is a later addition or comment.
  40. überhangen: to hang over, to lean over, to incline
  41. Grimm: setzen C.2)a)
  42. unterhangen: hang down, like the branches of a tree
  43. Inserted in margin.
  44. Inserted in margin.
  45. Latin: "as [they] are able"
  46. Inserted in margin
  47. Inserted in the margin.
  48. rauschen: like a strong wind rustling quickly through the trees
  49. Inserted in the margin.
  50. unterhangen: hang down, like the branches of a tree
  51. überhangen: to hang over, to lean over, to incline
  52. Inserted in the margin.
  53. Inserted in the margin.
  54. menen: treiben, fuhren, leiten
  55. latin: dampno => damno => harm
  56. »Nicht« appears in the margin, but its proper placement is unclear.
  57. Latin passage follows; very difficult.
  58. Please note that there are only three methods described against the turning-out.
  59. Alternate description follows, it hopefully should make the method clearer:
    If he holds you by the shoulders, and you grab his shoulders from the outside. Then you sling your right arm with the elbow over his left and below his right, and push downwards, so his right arm moves up. Take this arm over your head and secure the grip with your left hand behind your head; and then push against his chest with your right again. This will lead to a painful breaking lock.
  60. This is a partner exercise, similar to one I know in chinese shuai chiao

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Images Germanisches Nationalmuseum Digitale Bibliothek
CCBYNCSA30.png
Translation (11r - 12r) Jeffrey Hull "Fight-Book Clues to the Quality and Build of Knightly Weaponry"
Copyrighted.png
Translation (13v - 89v) Thomas Stoeppler Private communication
Copyrighted.png
Translation (74r) Michael Chidester Wiktenauer
CCBYNCSA30.png
Translation (78r) Betsy Winslow Wiktenauer
CCBYNCSA30.png
Transcription Dierk Hagedorn Index:Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)
Copyrighted.png