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Bauman Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.4º.2)

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Bauman Fechtbuch
Cod.Ⅰ.6.4º.2, Universitätsbibliothek Augsburg
Augsburg, Germany

Cod.I.6.4º.2 Cover 2.png
Cod.I.6.4º.2 1r.png
Also known as Codex Wallerstein
Date ca. 1420s/1470s
Place of origin Augsburg, Germany
Language(s) Early New High German
Author(s) Unknown
Compiler Paulus Hector Mair (1556)
Illustrator(s) Unknown
Material Paper, with a modern binding
Size 110 folia (140 mm × 210 mm)
Format Double-sided; one illustration
per side, with text above
External data Library catalog entry
Treatise scans

Bauman's Fechtbuch (Cod. Ⅰ.6.4º.2; sometimes called Codex Wallerstein)[1] is a German fencing manual compiled by Paulus Hector Mair in 1556.[2] The original currently rests in the holdings of the Universitätsbibliothek Augsburg in Augsburg, Germany. It consists of two (or possibly three) distinct treatises, based on the art style and the handwriting; the first two sections likely date to the 1470s, while the third is much older, from perhaps the 1420s.[citation needed] The label "Vom Baumans" appears at the beginning of the first treatise, leading Hils to speculate that an Augsburg mercenary named Michael Baumann owned the treatise,[3] along with the date 1549. The first two sections seem to have been used by Albrecht Dürer as a reference for his own fencing manual.

The Bauman Fechtbuch is interesting in that its teachings do not seem to fall clearly into the tradition of the grand master Johannes Liechtenauer. Part A, which treats long sword, messer, and dagger, and Part B, which treats grappling, are the first entries in a series of manuscripts known as the Augsburg group, which originate from that area and seem to document a local martial tradition. Part C, on the other hand, is the first entry in a complex of treatises known as pseudo-Gladiatoria due to its uncertain relationship to the Gladiatoria group[citation needed] (a tradition not dependent on Liechtenauer). Ps-Gladiatoria covers the same sorts of dueling as the Gladiatoria group and has some 16 plays in common, but the differences are too extensive to classify them as versions of the same treatise.


The provenance of the Bauman Fechtbuch is:[4]

  • ca. 1420 - Part C created in the Upper Rhine region.
  • 1465-70 - Part B created in Central or Northern Bavaria, with part A appended to the end of it immediately or soon thereafter.
  • ca. 1500 - Parts A and B used by Albrecht Dürer to produce a fencing manuscript (AD).
  • before 1549 - All three parts bound together and owned by a Baumann family, probably in Augsburg.
  • 1556-1579 - Owned by Paulus Hector Mair and rebound, disturbing the order of quires. (Auctioned after his execution.)
  • 1580-1597 - Owned by Markus Fugger.
  • 1597-1653 - Owned by Marquart Fugger.
  • 1652-1980 - Kept at Castle Öttingen-Wallerstein under the signature "j. h. 10 e 57", and later "Cod. Ⅰ.6.4º.2". Put up for sale in 1935, but not sold. (Sold in 1980 to the state of Bavaria.)
  • 1980-present - Kept at the Universitätsbibliothek Augsburg; rebound in 1989.


3r - 14v, 21rv Long sword teachings from the Augsburg tradition
22r - 28v Dagger teachings from the Augsburg tradition
29r - 32v Messer teachings from the Augsburg tradition
15r - 20v,
33r - 73v
Grappling teachings from the Augsburg tradition
76r - 80v,
101r - 102v
Long sword from Pseudo-Gladiatoria
81r - 95v,
103r - 108r
Short sword from Pseudo-Gladiatoria
96r - 98v Long shield from Pseudo-Gladiatoria
98v - 100v Grappling from Pseudo-Gladiatoria


This gallery displays each section in its original arrangement and separated from the others. Part A was originally appended to the end of part B, but we're stuck with those labels so in order to avoid confusion, part A is displayed first. See the collation diagram for the current manuscript configuration.

Front matter

Front Cover
Cod.I.6.4º.2 Cover 1.jpg
Inside Cover
Cod.I.6.4º.2 Cover 2.jpg

Part A

Folio 3r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 003r.jpg
Folio 3v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 003v.jpg
Folio 4r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 004r.jpg
Folio 4v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 004v.jpg
Folio 5r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 005r.jpg
Folio 5v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 005v.jpg
Folio 6r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 006r.jpg
Folio 6v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 006v.jpg
Folio 7r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 007r.jpg
Folio 7v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 007v.jpg
Folio 8r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 008r.jpg
Folio 8v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 008v.jpg
Folio 9r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 009r.jpg
Folio 9v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 009v.jpg
Folio 10r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 010r.jpg
Folio 10v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 010v.jpg
Folio 11r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 011r.jpg
Folio 11v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 011v.jpg
Folio 12r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 012r.jpg
Folio 12v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 012v.jpg
Folio 13r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 013r.jpg
Folio 13v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 013v.jpg
Folio 14r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 014r.jpg
Folio 14v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 014v.jpg
Folio 21r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 021r.jpg
Folio 21v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 021v.jpg
Folio 22r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 022r.jpg
Folio 22v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 022v.jpg
Folio 23r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 023r.jpg
Folio 23v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 023v.jpg
Folio 24r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 024r.jpg
Folio 24v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 024v.jpg
Folio 25r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 025r.jpg
Folio 25v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 025v.jpg
Folio 26r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 026r.jpg
Folio 26v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 026v.jpg
Folio 27r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 027r.jpg
Folio 27v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 027v.jpg
Folio 28r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 028r.jpg
Folio 28v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 028v.jpg
Folio 29r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 029r.jpg
Folio 29v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 029v.jpg
Folio 30r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 030r.jpg
Folio 30v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 030v.jpg
Folio 31r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 031r.jpg
Folio 31v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 031v.jpg
Folio 32r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 032r.jpg
Folio 32v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 032v.jpg

Part B

Folio 15r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 015r.jpg
Folio 15v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 015v.jpg
Folio 16r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 016r.jpg
Folio 16v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 016v.jpg
Folio 17r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 017r.jpg
Folio 17v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 017v.jpg
Folio 18r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 018r.jpg
Folio 18v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 018v.jpg
Folio 19r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 019r.jpg
Folio 19v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 019v.jpg
Folio 20r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 020r.jpg
Folio 20v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 020v.jpg
Folio 33r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 033r.jpg
Folio 33v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 033v.jpg
Folio 34r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 034r.jpg
Folio 34v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 034v.jpg
Folio 35r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 035r.jpg
Folio 35v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 035v.jpg
Folio 36r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 036r.jpg
Folio 36v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 036v.jpg
Folio 37r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 037r.jpg
Folio 37v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 037v.jpg
Folio 38r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 038r.jpg
Folio 38v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 038v.jpg
Folio 39r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 039r.jpg
Folio 39v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 039v.jpg
Folio 40r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 040r.jpg
Folio 40v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 040v.jpg
Folio 41r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 041r.jpg
Folio 41v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 041v.jpg
Folio 42r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 042r.jpg
Folio 42v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 042v.jpg
Folio 43r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 043r.jpg
Folio 43v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 043v.jpg
Folio 44r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 044r.jpg
Folio 44v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 044v.jpg
Folio 45r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 045r.jpg
Folio 45v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 045v.jpg
Folio 46r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 046r.jpg
Folio 46v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 046v.jpg
Folio 47r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 047r.jpg
Folio 47v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 047v.jpg
Folio 48r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 048r.jpg
Folio 48v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 048v.jpg
Folio 49r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 049r.jpg
Folio 49v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 049v.jpg
Folio 50r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 050r.jpg
Folio 50v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 050v.jpg
Folio 51r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 051r.jpg
Folio 51v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 051v.jpg
Folio 52r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 052r.jpg
Folio 52v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 052v.jpg
Folio 53r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 053r.jpg
Folio 53v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 053v.jpg
Folio 54r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 054r.jpg
Folio 54v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 054v.jpg
Folio 55r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 055r.jpg
Folio 55v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 055v.jpg
Folio 56r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 056r.jpg
Folio 56v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 056v.jpg
Folio 57r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 057r.jpg
Folio 57v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 057v.jpg
Folio 58r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 058r.jpg
Folio 58v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 058v.jpg
Folio 59r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 059r.jpg
Folio 59v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 059v.jpg
Folio 60r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 060r.jpg
Folio 60v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 060v.jpg
Folio 61r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 061r.jpg
Folio 61v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 061v.jpg
Folio 62r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 062r.jpg
Folio 62v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 062v.jpg
Folio 63r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 063r.jpg
Folio 63v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 063v.jpg
Folio 64r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 064r.jpg
Folio 64v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 064v.jpg
Folio 65r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 065r.jpg
Folio 65v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 065v.jpg
Folio 66r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 066r.jpg
Folio 66v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 066v.jpg
Folio 67r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 067r.jpg
Folio 67v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 067v.jpg
Folio 68r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 068r.jpg
Folio 68v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 068v.jpg
Folio 69r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 069r.jpg
Folio 69v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 069v.jpg
Folio 70r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 070r.jpg
Folio 70v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 070v.jpg
Folio 71r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 071r.jpg
Folio 71v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 071v.jpg
Folio 72r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 072r.jpg
Folio 72v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 072v.jpg
Folio 73r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 073r.jpg
Folio 73v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 073v.jpg
Folio 74r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 074r.jpg
Folio 74v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 074v.jpg
Folio 1r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 001r.jpg
Folio 1v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 001v.jpg
Folio 2r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 002r.jpg
Folio 2v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 002v.jpg

Part C

Folio 75r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 075r.jpg
Folio 75v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 075v.jpg
Folio 76r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 076r.jpg
Folio 76v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 076v.jpg
Folio 77r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 077r.jpg
Folio 77v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 077v.jpg
Folio 78r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 078r.jpg
Folio 78v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 078v.jpg
Folio 79r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 079r.jpg
Folio 79v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 079v.jpg
Folio 80r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 080r.jpg
Folio 80v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 080v.jpg
Folio 81r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 081r.jpg
Folio 81v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 081v.jpg
Folio 82r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 082r.jpg
Folio 82v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 082v.jpg
Folio 83r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 083r.jpg
Folio 83v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 083v.jpg
Folio 84r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 084r.jpg
Folio 84v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 084v.jpg
Folio 85r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 085r.jpg
Folio 85v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 085v.jpg
Folio 86r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 086r.jpg
Folio 86v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 086v.jpg
Folio 87r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 087r.jpg
Folio 87v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 087v.jpg
Folio 88r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 088r.jpg
Folio 88v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 088v.jpg
Folio 89r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 089r.jpg
Folio 89v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 089v.jpg
Folio 90r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 090r.jpg
Folio 90v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 090v.jpg
Folio 91r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 091r.jpg
Folio 91v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 091v.jpg
Folio 92r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 092r.jpg
Folio 92v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 092v.jpg
Folio 93r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 093r.jpg
Folio 93v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 093v.jpg
Folio 94r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 094r.jpg
Folio 94v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 094v.jpg
Folio 95r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 095r.jpg
Folio 95v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 095v.jpg
Folio 96r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 096r.jpg
Folio 96v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 096v.jpg
Folio 97r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 097r.jpg
Folio 97v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 097v.jpg
Folio 98r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 098r.jpg
Folio 98v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 098v.jpg
Folio 99r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 099r.jpg
Folio 99v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 099v.jpg
Folio 100r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 100r.jpg
Folio 100v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 100v.jpg
Folio 101r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 101r.jpg
Folio 101v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 101v.jpg
Folio 102r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 102r.jpg
Folio 102v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 102v.jpg
Folio 103r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 103r.jpg
Folio 103v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 103v.jpg
Folio 104r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 104r.jpg
Folio 104v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 104v.jpg
Folio 105r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 105r.jpg
Folio 105v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 105v.jpg
Folio 106r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 106r.jpg
Folio 106v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 106v.jpg
Folio 107r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 107r.jpg
Folio 107v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 107v.jpg
Folio 108r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 108r.jpg
Folio 108v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 108v.jpg

End matter

Folio 109r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 109r.jpg
Folio 109v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 109v.jpg
Folio 110r
Cod.I.6.4º.2 110r.jpg
Folio 110v
Cod.I.6.4º.2 110v.jpg
Inside Cover
Cod.I.6.4º.2 Cover 3.jpg
Back Cover
Cod.I.6.4º.2 Cover 4.jpg

Additional Resources

The following is a list of publications containing scans, transcriptions, and translations relevant to this article, as well as published peer-reviewed research.


  1. This name is common in the HEMA community, and probably stems from a misreading of Friedrich Dörnhöffer's 1909 monograph on Albrecht Dürer. While there were seven fencing manuscripts in the Öttingen-Wallerstein Library (kept at Castle Wallerstein until 1841), Dörnhöffer was only interested in the one that was copied by Dürer; this left him was free to refer to it as "the manuscript from Wallerstein" or just "Codex Wallerstein". This reference was misconstrued as a proper name when Dörnhöffer's photos of the manuscript illustrations were scanned and placed online in ca. 2000. The name was then used by Żabiński and Walczak in their 2002 book, which cemented it in the minds of most.
  2. Dated on folio 1r.
  3. Hils 1985, pp 28.
  4. Welle 2014, p 24; additional details added from elsewhere in the book.

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Images Universitätsbibliothek Augsburg Universitätsbibliothek Augsburg
Public Domain.png
Transcription Friedrich Dörnhöffer Index:Bauman Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.4º.2)
Public Domain.png