Codex Wallerstein (Cod.I.6.4º.2)
|Cod.I.6.4º.2, Universitätsbibliothek Augsburg|
|Also known as||Von Bauman's Fechtbuch|
|Place of origin||Nuremberg, Germany|
|Language(s)||Early New High German|
|Compiled by||Paulus Hector Mair (1556)|
|Material||Paper, with a modern binding|
|Format||Double-sided; one illustration |
per side, with text above
|External data||Library catalog entry|
Codex Wallerstein (or Codex I.6.4º.2) is a German fencing manual compiled by Paulus Hector Mair in 1556. The original currently rests in the holdings of the Universitätsbibliothek Augsburg in Augsburg, Germany. It consists of at least three distinct treatises, based on the art style and the handwriting; the first two sections likely date to the 1470s, while the third is much older, from perhaps around 1400. The title "Vom Baumans Fechtbuch" appears at the beginning of the first treatise, leading Hils to speculate that an Augsburg mercenary named Michael von Baumann owned the treatise, along with the date 1549. The first two sections seem to have been used by Albrecht Dürer as a reference for his own fencing manual.
Codex Wallerstein is interesting in that its teachings do not seem to fall into the tradition of the grand master Johannes Liechtenauer. Part A, which treats longsword, messer, and dagger, and Part B, which treats grappling, are the first entries in a series of manuscripts known as the Nuremberg group, which originate from that area and seem to document a local martial tradition. Part C, on the other hand, is the first entry in a complex of treatises known as pseudo-Gladiatoria due to its uncertain relationship to the Gladiatoria group (another tradition not dependent on Liechtenauer). Ps-Gladiatoria covers the same sorts of dueling as the Gladiatoria group and has some 16 plays in common, but the differences are too extensive to classify them as versions of the same treatise.
| 3r - 14v,
21r - 21v
|Longsword teachings from the Nuremberg tradition|
|22r - 28v||Dagger teachings from the Nuremberg tradition|
|29r - 32v||Messer teachings from the Nuremberg tradition|
| 15r - 20v,
33r - 73v
|Grappling teachings from the Nuremberg tradition|
| 76r - 80v,
101r - 102v
|Longsword from Pseudo-Gladiatoria|
| 81r - 95v,
103r - 108r
|Armored Fencing from Pseudo-Gladiatoria|
|96r - 98v||Longshield from Pseudo-Gladiatoria|
|98v - 100v||Grappling from Pseudo-Gladiatoria|
Note that parts A and B are nested together in the current configuration of the manuscript.
- Cavazzuti, Carlo (in Italian). Gladiatoria. Asola: Gilgamesh Edizioni, 2015. ISBN 978-88-6867-080-1
- Dörnhöffer, Friedrich (in Italian). Albrecht Dürers Fechtbuch. Vienna: F. Tempsky, 1909.
- Dürer, Albrecht and Wassmannsdorff, Karl (in German). Die Ringkunst des deutschen Mittelalters. Liepzig: Priber, 1870.
- Hagedorn, Dierk; Walczak, Bartłomiej. Gladiatoria. New Haven - MS U860.F46 1450. Herne: VS-Books, 2015. ISBN 978-3-932077-42-5
- Hils, Hans-Peter (in German). "Gladiatoria: Über drei Fechthandschriften aus der ersten Hälfte des 15. Jahrhunderts." Codices manuscripti 13:1-54, 1987.
- Welle, Rainer. …vnd mit der rechten faust ein mordstuck - Baumanns Fecht- und Ringkampfhandschrift. Herbert Utz Verlag, 2014. ISBN 978-3831643776
- Żabiński, Grzegorz and Walczak, Bartłomiej. Codex Wallerstein: A Medieval Fighting Book from the Fifteenth Century on the Longsword, Falchion, Dagger, and Wrestling. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 2002. ISBN 978-1-58160-585-3
Copyright and License Summary
For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.
|Images||Universitätsbibliothek Augsburg||Universitätsbibliothek Augsburg|
|Transcription||Friedrich Dörnhöffer||Index:Codex Wallerstein (Cod.I.6.4º.2)|