Fior di Battaglia (MS Ludwig XV 13)

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Il Fior di Battaglia
MS Ludwig XV 13, J. Paul Getty Museum
Los Angeles, California
MS Ludwig XV 13 01r.jpg
Title page, fol. 1r
Wiktenauer Leng
Wierschin Hils
Type
Date ca. 1404 (?)
Place of origin Milan, Italy
Language(s) Middle Italian
Scribe(s) Unknown
Author(s) Fiore de'i Liberi
Illustrated by Unknown (at least two artists)
Dedicated to Niccolò III Marquis d'Este
Material Parchment, in a pasteboard leather binding
Size 49 folia
Format Double-sided; four illustrations per side, with text above each
Script Bastarda
External data Museum catalog entry
Images

Fior di Battaglia ("The Flower of Battle", MS Ludwig XV 13) is an Italian fencing manual authored by Fiore de'i Liberi, possibly created for the Milanese diplomatic mission to Ferrara in 1404.[citation needed] The original currently rests in the holdings of the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles, California. Its preface, format, illustrations, and text are all very similar to the MS M.383. The text takes the form of descriptive paragraphs set in poor Italian verse, which are nevertheless fairly clear and informative. Despite its shared characteristics with the MS M.383 there are important differences, not the least of which is the vastly different order of the information. MS Ludwig XV 13 contains the most content of any of the four known manuscripts of Fior di Battaglia. It is typically referred to as the Getty.

Provenance

The known provenance of the MS Ludwig XV 13 is:[1]

  • Probably written in ca. 1404.
  • before 1474 – owned by Niccolò Marcello di Santa Marina of Venice.
  • ca. 1699 – gifted to Apostolo Zeno (1668-1750), who created a copy of the preface.
  • before 1825 – owned by Luigi Celotti (sold London, Sotheby's, 1825).
  • 1886-1966 – the MS 4202 in the collection of Thomas Phillipps (sold London, Sotheby's, 1966).
  • 1966-1983 – the MS Ludwig XV 13 in the collection of Peter and Irene Ludwig.
  • 1983-present – the MS Ludwig XV 13 in the J. Paul Getty Museum.

Contents

Folio Section
1r - 2r Preface by Fiore de'i Liberi
6r - 8r Grappling by Fiore de'i Liberi
8v Baton by Fiore de'i Liberi
9r - 18v,
38r - 38v
Dagger by Fiore de'i Liberi
29r - 20r Longsword vs. dagger by Fiore de'i Liberi
20r - 21v Longsword in one hand by Fiore de'i Liberi
22r - 32r Longsword in two hands by Fiore de'i Liberi
32v - 35r Armored fencing by Fiore de'i Liberi
35v - 37v Poleaxe by Fiore de'i Liberi
39r - 40r Spear by Fiore de'i Liberi
41r - 45v, 46v Mounted fencing by Fiore de'i Liberi
46r Spear vs. cavalry by Fiore de'i Liberi
46v - 47r Closing

Gallery

Digital images courtesy of the Getty's Open Content Program

Folio 1r
MS Ludwig XV 13 01r.jpg
Folio 1v
Getty Ms. Ludwig XV 13 01v - Fiore dei Liberi - Decorated Text Page - Google Art Project.jpg
Folio 2r
Getty Ms. Ludwig XV 13 02r - Fiore dei Liberi - Decorated Text Page - Google Art Project.jpg
Folio 2v
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Folio 3r
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Folio 4r
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Folio 5r
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Folio 6r
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Folio 6v
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Folio 7r
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Folio 7v
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Folio 8r
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Folio 8v
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Folio 9r
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Folio 9v
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Folio 10r
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Folio 10v
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Folio 11r
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Folio 11v
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Folio 12r
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Folio 12v
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Folio 13r
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Folio 13v
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Folio 14r
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Folio 14v
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Folio 15r
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Folio 15v
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Folio 16r
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Folio 16v
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Folio 17r
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Folio 17v
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Folio 18r
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Folio 18v
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Folio 19r
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Folio 19v
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Folio 20r
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Folio 20v
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Folio 21r
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Folio 21v
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Folio 22r
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Folio 22v
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Folio 23r
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Folio 23v
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Folio 24r
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Folio 24v
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Folio 25r
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Folio 25v
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Folio 26r
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Folio 26v
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Folio 27r
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Folio 27v
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Folio 28r
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Folio 28v
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Folio 29r
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Folio 29v
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Folio 30r
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Folio 30v
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Folio 31r
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Folio 31v
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Folio 32r
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Folio 32v
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Folio 33r
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Folio 33v
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Folio 34r
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Folio 34v
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Folio 35r
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Folio 35v
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Folio 36r
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Folio 36v
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Folio 37r
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Folio 37v
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Folio 38r
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Folio 38v
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Folio 39r
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Folio 41r
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Folio 41v
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Folio 42r
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Folio 42v
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Folio 43r
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Folio 43v
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Folio 44r
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Folio 44v
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Folio 45r
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Folio 45v
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Folio 46r
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Folio 46v
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Folio 47r
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Folio 47v
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Additional Resources

References