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Pedro de Heredia

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Pedro de Heredia
Spouse(s) unknown
  • Governor
  • Captain
Nationality Spanish
Movement Esgrima común
Genres Fencing manual
Language Middle French
Notable work(s) Book of Lessons

Pedro de Heredia was a 17th century Spanish governor of a region in Belgium and a cavalry captain from 1615-1645.



Additional Resources


  1. According to Lauvernay, "fourniment" is the powder case of arquebusiers and musketeers (sometimes extended to all the equipment carried). The word is only used once to indicate a place on the body, probably a bit below the shoulder.
  2. Droit can mean "right" (as in not left or not wrong) or "correct" (as in not incorrect) or "true" (as in not false). All are likely acceptable.
  3. Volter is an Italian loanword of "Voltare".
  4. Estocade is the French loanword for the Italian stoccata.
  5. Brocade is the French loanword for the Italian imbroccata.
  6. Lit. translated as "right-hands".
  7. Credits to Alan Bloniarz for providing context to the word "garatusa".
  8. Écarté is the French word for the Italian technique "inquartata".
  9. Gannance is a loanword derived from the Spanish word "ganancia", which means "gain". It is used to describe a situation where your blade is used to restrict the opponent's blade movement. Credit to Tim Riviera for the explanation.
  10. The Spanish word "cortar" simply means "to cut".
  11. Chassement means "chasing". In this case, it is the back foot chasing the front. In modern fencing, this is known as advancing.
  12. Crèvement means "to burst or to puncture." In the treatise, it is used to describe breaking guards.