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Der Allten Fechter gründtliche Kunst (Christian Egenolff)
|Der Allten Fechter gründtliche Kunst|
|The Ancient Fencer's Thorough Art|
Title page of the first edition
|Also known as|
|Illustrated by||Hans Weiditz|
|Place of origin||Frankfurt-am-Main|
|Language||Early New High German|
|Sources||Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der |
|Publication date||1531 - 1537|
Der Allten Fechter gründtliche Kunst ("The Ancient Fencer's Thorough Art") is a German fencing manual printed in the 16th century by Christian Egenolff. The text is largely a redaction of Andre Paurenfeyndt's earlier treatise Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey, but with significant unique material. Egenolff reset the text and hired noted Strassbourg artist Hans Weiditz to illustrate it.
The first three printings of the book are undated, but the first edition, titled Der Allten Fechter gründtliche Kunst, must have been printed between 1531, when Egenolff set up his shop in Frankfurt-am-Main, and Weiditz' death in 1537; a copy of the first edition that recently came up for auction was dated to ca. 1535, but this date seems speculative. The second edition, titled Der Altenn Fechter an fengliche Kunst, and the third edition, titled Fechtbuch. Die Ritterliche, Mannliche Kunst, were released some time before Egenolff's own death in 1555. In 1558, Egenolff's heirs published a fourth edition (titled the same as the third) posthumously.
In the 1600s, a fairly faithful manuscript including portions of both this text and Albrecht Dürer's OPLODIDASKALIA sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri was created by an unknown scribe (it has since been lost).
This is the table of contents for the first edition. The order of sections remains generally the same through all editions, apart from moving the index to the end of the book, but the exact pagination varies.
|2r - 3r|
|3r - 4r|
|4r||Twelve Rules for Beginning Fencers by Andre Paurenfeyndt|
|4v - 16v||Sword by Andre Paurenfeyndt|
|16v - 20v,
25v - 33v
|Messer by Hans Lebkommer (Johannes Lecküchner)|
|20v - 25v||Messer by Andre Paurenfeyndt|
|33v - 34r||Sword and buckler by Andre Lignitzer|
|34r - 35r||Dagger by Andre Lignitzer|
|35r - 37v||Anonymous dagger devices|
|38r - 46r||Anonymous grappling devices|
|46v - 48r||Staff by Andre Paurenfeyndt|
- Bauer, Matthias Johannes. “Der Alten Fechter gründtliche Kunst” – Das Frankfurter oder Egenolffsche Fechtbuch. Untersuchung und Edition. Coll. Geschichtswissenschaften 37. München: Utz Verlag, 2016. ISBN: 978-3-8316-4559-6
- Jaquet, Daniel; Walczak, Bartłomiej. "Liegnitzer, Hundsfeld or Lew? The question of authorship of popular Medieval fighting teachings". Acta Periodica Duellatorum 2(1): 105-148. 2014. doi:10.1515/apd-2015-0015.
Copyright and License Summary
For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.
|Images||Hans Weiditz||Bayerische Staatsbibliothek|
|Transcription||Michael Chidester||Index:Der Altenn Fechter anfengliche kunst (Christian Egenolff)|