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Cluny Fechtbuch (Cl. 23842)

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Cluny Fechtbuch
MS Cl. 23842, Musée national du Moyen Âge
Paris, France

MS CL23842 194v.jpg
Cl. 23842 195r.jpg
ff 194v - 195r
WiktenauerLeng38.2.3
38.6.2
Wierschin3Hils14
Type
Date 1480s-1500s
Language(s) Early New High German
Author(s) Unknown
Compiled by Unknown
Material Paper, with a contemporary
wood and leather binding
Size 212 folia
Format Double-sided; one illustration
per side, with occasional text
Script Bastarda
Images Digital scans (450x625)

The MS Cl. 23842 is a German fencing manual created in the last quarter of the 15th century.[1] The original currently rests in the holdings of the Musée national du Moyen Âge in Paris, France. This manuscript is a compilation work; it seems to consist of three distinct sections, illustrated by at least two different artists, and several pages have been shuffled since it was created.

The first section consists of mounted and foot combat after the style of Johannes Liechtenauer, while the second section covers various forms of judicial combat. This material seems to be connected in some way to the 15th century writings of Paulus Kal and Peter Falkner,[2] and the 16th century works of Jörg Wilhalm Hutter and Hans Medel, but the nature of these connections is not currently understood. The third section is a fragment of the Gladiatoria treatise.

The Cl. 23842 seems to have much in common with the Wolfenbüttel Sketchbook (Codex Guelf 78.2 August 2º), which may also have been a source, and like that manuscript, it is generally lacking descriptive text. Much of the material coheres closely to the written (and generally unillustrated) treatises of various masters of the Liechtenauer tradition. Given the dating and the connections to Peter Falkner in the text and the artwork, it is tempting to associate it with his other works and speculate that it was an unfinished draft of a compendium of fencing manuals, and that text was planned to be added to the blank upper area of each page.

Provenance

The known provenance of the Cl. 23842 is:[1]

  • Created no earlier than the 1480s based on the watermarks on the paper, and before the 1520s due to the connection to Jörg Wilhalm Hutter.
  • pre-1800s-1980s - in the Fürstenberg library at the castle at Donaueschingen. Possibly acquired by Graf Wolfgang von Fürstenberg (1465-1509), the founder of the library. Listed as MS 862 in a Fürstliche Fürstenbergische Hofbibliothek catalogue in the 1800s and stamped by the library at each end (sold privately, 1980s).
  • 1980s-2005 - the private collection of Ian Woodner (1903-1990) of New York (sold London, Sotheby's, 2008)
  • 2008 - purchased by the Musée national du Moyen Âge.

Contents

1r - 11v Blank
12r - 57v Illustrations of long sword devices
58r - 59v Blank
60r - 69v Illustrations of messer devices
70r - 71v Blank
72r - 87v Illustrations of dagger devices
88r - 94v Blank
95r - 114v Illustrations of grappling devices
115r - 117v Blank
118r - 131v Illustrations of sword and buckler devices
132r - 133r Blank
133v - 146r Illustrations of mounted fencing devices
146v - 148r Illustrations of mounted vs. foot devices
148v Blank
149r - 178v Illustrations of armored spear and short sword devices
179rv Blank
180r - 181v, 187r Illustrations of long shield devices
182rv Blank
183r - 186v, 187v - 189r Illustrations of pole weapons devices
189v Blank
190r - 191v Illustrations of spear devices
192r - 193v Blank
194r Illustration of navaja devices
194v Illustration of a duel between a man and a woman
195r - 212v Illustrations of short sword in armor from the Gladiatoria group
213r - 223v Blank

Gallery

Images hosted by the Musée national du Moyen Âge. More images are available for a thumbnail gallery.

Ff 12 - 57v

Folio 12r
MS CL23842 012r.jpg
Folio 12v
MS CL23842 012v.jpg
Folio 13r
MS CL23842 013r.jpg
Folio 13v
MS CL23842 013v.jpg
Folio 14r
MS CL23842 014r.jpg
Folio 14v
MS CL23842 014v.jpg
Folio 15r
MS CL23842 015r.jpg
Folio 15v
MS CL23842 015v.jpg
Folio 16r
MS CL23842 016r.jpg
Folio 16v
MS CL23842 016v.jpg
Folio 17r
MS CL23842 017r.jpg
Folio 17v
MS CL23842 017v.jpg
Folio 18r
MS CL23842 018r.jpg
Folio 18v
MS CL23842 018v.jpg
Folio 19r
MS CL23842 019r.jpg
Folio 19v
MS CL23842 019v.jpg
Folio 20r
MS CL23842 020r.jpg
Folio 20v
MS CL23842 020v.jpg
Folio 21r
MS CL23842 021r.jpg
Folio 21v
MS CL23842 021v.jpg
Folio 22r
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Folio 22v
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Folio 23r
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Folio 23v
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Folio 24r
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Folio 24v
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Folio 25r
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Folio 25v
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Folio 26r
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Folio 26v
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Folio 27r
MS CL23842 027r.jpg
Folio 27v
MS CL23842 027v.jpg
Folio 28r
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Folio 28v
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Folio 29r
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Folio 29v
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Folio 30r
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Folio 30v
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Folio 31r
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Folio 31v
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Folio 32r
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Folio 32v
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Folio 33r
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Folio 33v
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Folio 34r
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Folio 34v
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Folio 35r
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Folio 35v
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Folio 36r
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Folio 36v
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Folio 37r
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Folio 37v
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Folio 38r
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Folio 38v
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Folio 39r
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Folio 39v
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Folio 40r
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Folio 40v
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Folio 41r
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Folio 41v
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Folio 42r
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Folio 42v
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Folio 43r
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Folio 43v
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Folio 44r
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Folio 44v
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Folio 45r
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Folio 45v
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Folio 46r
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Folio 46v
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Folio 47r
MS CL23842 047r.jpg
Folio 47v
MS CL23842 047v.jpg
Folio 48r
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Folio 48v
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Folio 49r
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Folio 49v
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Folio 50r
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Folio 50v
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Folio 51r
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Folio 51v
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Folio 52r
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Folio 52v
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Folio 53r
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Folio 53v
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Folio 54r
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Folio 54v
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Folio 55r
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Folio 55v
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Folio 56r
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Folio 56v
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Folio 57r
MS CL23842 057r.jpg
Folio 57v
MS CL23842 057v.jpg

Miscellaneous

Folio ??r
MS CL23842 Unknown1.jpg
Folio 64r
MS CL23842 64r.jpg
Folio 75r
MS CL23842 75r.jpg
Folio 84r
MS CL23842 84r.jpg
Folio 101r
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Folio ??v
MS CL23842 Unknown4.jpg
Folio ??r
MS CL23842 Unknown5.jpg
Folio 112r
MS CL23842 112r.jpg
Folio 114v
MS CL23842 114v.jpg
Folio 118v
MS CL23842 118v.jpg
Folio 119r
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Folio 127r
MS CL23842 127r.jpg
Folio 133v
MS CL23842 133v.jpg
Folio 134r
MS CL23842 134r.jpg
Folio 140r
MS CL23842 140r.jpg
Folio 140v
MS CL23842 140v.jpg
Folio 145v
MS CL23842 145v.jpg
Folio 150r
MS CL23842 150r.jpg
Folio 152r
MS CL23842 152r.jpg
Folio 153r
MS CL23842 153r.jpg
Folio ??v
MS CL23842 Unknown2.jpg
Folio ??r
MS CL23842 Unknown3.jpg
Folio 157v
MS CL23842 157v.jpg
Folio 175v
MS CL23842 175v.jpg
Folio 177v
MS CL23842 177v.jpg
Folio 178r
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Folio 180r
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Folio 181r
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Folio 183r
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Folio 185v
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Folio 186r
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Folio 187r
MS CL23842 187r.jpg
Folio 189r
MS CL23842 189r.jpg
Folio 191r
MS CL23842 191r.jpg
Folio 194r
MS CL23842 194r.jpg
Folio 194v
MS CL23842 194v.jpg
Folio 195r
Cl. 23842 195r.jpg
Folio 198r
Cl. 23842 198r.jpg

Additional Resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 See Sotheby's description on Talk page.
  2. Based on the caption "Here begin Peter's devices: the sword-taking with counters and grappling. This is painted according to the Record, or according to the Running Through [found in] the Record." on folio 47r. Compare with the device on f 15r of Falkner's work.

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Images la Réunion des Musées nationaux
Public Domain.png
Transcription Index:Cluny Fechtbuch (Cl. 23842)
CCBYSA30.png