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Hans Medel

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Hans Medel von Salzburg

A play from Medel's fencing manual
Born 15th century
Died 16th century
Occupation Fencing master
Citizenship Salzburg, Germany
Movement Liechtenauer tradition
Influences
Genres Fencing manual
Language Early New High German
Manuscript(s) Codex I.6.2º.5 (1539)
Concordance by Michael Chidester
Translations Magyar fordítás

Hans Medel von Salzburg (Hans Niedel, Hans Mendel) was an early 16th century German fencing master. Salzburg is a city in northern Austria, and he seems to have operated as a burgher and Schirmmeister there from at least 1503.[1] Little else is known about this master, but he seems to have been associated with the tradition of Johannes Liechtenauer. He may have traced his lineage through Hans Seydenfaden von Erfurt, a member of the Fellowship of Liechtenauer,[2] as Medel's text is the only known source that mentions the earlier master's teachings.

Medel's name is attached to a manuscript treatise on swordsmanship from 1539, including an incomplete gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital and an addendum on fencing based on "the Seven Stances". This gloss is unique in the Liechtenauer tradition in that it not only offers direct commentary on the Recital, but also demonstrates an awareness of the earlier glosses of Sigmund Schining ain Ringeck (from which a great deal of text is lifted) and Pseudo-Peter von Danzig, and even includes occasional criticisms of and corrections to their teachings. In a few places the gloss specifically describes a teaching of Hans Seydenfaden or Hans Medel, but in several more it merely attributes the teaching to "Master Hans" without indicating which one. This manuscript eventually passed into the library of Paulus Hector Mair, who bound it into the current Codex I.6.2º.5 some time after 1566; unfortunately, the extant fragment of the gloss terminates abruptly at the beginning of the section on Zucken, and the remainder of Medel's gloss is currently lost.

Treatise

Additional Resources

References

  1. Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft für Salzburger Landeskunde, vol. 40. Salzburg, 1900. p 177.
  2. The Fellowship of Liechtenauer is recorded in three versions of Paulus Kal's treatise: MS 1825 (1460s), Cgm 1570 (ca. 1470), and MS KK5126 (1480s).
  3. alt: right
  4. alt: side
  5. alt: defense
  6. the artist/professional doing their work
  7. alt: gladly valuing in the arts
  8. alt: gladly valuing with kindness
  9. alt: right
  10. alt: weapon
  11. eindrohen: to imminently threaten
  12. Zeck: a biting insect, ie: a tick.
  13. alt: closer, sooner
  14. this is usually the term for the severing of limbs/extremities, though can mean cutting while exiting
  15. widerschlagen: to strike against, in a reverberating sense
  16. towards
  17. severely, precisely, ruthlessly, violently
  18. videlicet: namely; to wit
  19. abhauen: to sever
  20. letz: reversed, disrupted, perverted, refuting, incorrect, twisted, unjust, left
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 21.5 21.6 21.7 21.8 21.9 The text here is hidden by a crease in the page.
  22. ansiegen: to return with victory
  23. glance, discern, glean
  24. Ochs
  25. likes to
  26. Ochs
  27. Ochs
  28. Can also mean "to tame or incapacitate".
  29. This is a markedly different reading of the verse from the usual: "Squint to the top of the forehead if you wish to incapacitate the hands". Hand can either mean "hand" or "side" and Medel adds "sy" which refers to the head.
  30. could also mean 'carelessly'
  31. Alternately: strongly, firmly, steadfastly.
  32. the leger or hut
  33. rappen: to gather, to snatch, to seize
  34. no apparent verb here. A similar construction appears below with the added phrase: "set-upon upon the four endings to both sides"
  35. alt: flying
  36. alt: wrongs, falsehoods, meanings, diminishments, mines, minings, manners, ownings, possessings.
  37. alt: exit
  38. mitmachen: join, unite, combine, participate
  39. alternately: old
  40. marginalia: 'malz' => bad, weak
  41. Or possibly "maler"
  42. Here some pages apparently have been lost, unfortunately.
  43. alt: across
  44. alt: it
  45. alt: inside
  46. alt: misleading
  47. alt: across
  48. alt: open