Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)
|Οπλοδιδασκαλια sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri|
|MS 26-232, Albertina|
|Place of origin||Nuremberg, Germany|
|Language(s)||Early New High German|
|Illustrated by||Albrecht Dürer|
|Format||Generally single-sided; two |
or three illustrations per
side, with text on the right
|Exemplar(s)||Codex I.6.4º.2 (1470s)|
Οπλοδιδασκαλια sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri ("Weapon Training, or Albrecht Dürer's Meditation on the Handling of Weapons", MS 26-232) is a German fencing manual created in 1512 by Albrecht Dürer, and is thus the earliest known fencing manual illustrated by a master artist. The original currently rests in the Graphische Sammulung of the Albertina in Vienna, Austria. This treatise, like all of Dürer's fencing material, appears to be connected with the visit of Emperor Maximilian I to Dürer's home city of Nuremberg in 1512.
Dürer was an important figure in the German renaissance, and is noted for his realistic depictions of human anatomy; this is significant as the illustrations in earlier fencing manuals are often considered distorted or otherwise less unreliable. Much of the material seems to be copied from the earlier treatises of the Codex Wallerstein and the Glasgow Fechtbuch, making it part of the Nuremburg tradition. The lost Codex 1246 seems to have been copied in turn from this manuscript (as well as Christian Egenolff's reprint of Andre Paurñfeyndt) in the early 1600s.
The known provenance of the MS 26-232 is:
- Created by Albrecht Durer in Nuremberg in ca. 1512, probably for Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I.
- Early 1600s - Copied by an unknown scribe to produce the Codex 1246.
- 1823 - Discovered in Styria, Austria, by theologian Vincenz Weintridt.
- 1833 - Presented to Emperor Franz I by Weindridt.
- Present - Held by the Albertina in Vienna, Austria.
|Ir - 3v|
|4r - 12r||Blank|
|14r - 53r||Grappling teachings from the Nuremberg tradition|
|53r - 59r||Blank|
|60r - 66r||Longsword teachings from the Nuremberg tradition|
|66v - 67v||Dagger teachings from the Nuremberg tradition|
|68r - 72r||Blank|
|73r - 92r||Messer teachings from the Nuremberg tradition|
|93r - 95r||Blank|
|96r - 100v||Gloss of the Recital on the Messer by Johannes Lecküchner (abridged)|
|100v||Verse on mounted fencing|
|100v||Recital on short sword fencing by Johannes Liechtenauer|
|100v||Grappling by Ott Jud (fragment)|
|101rv||Short sword fencing by Andre Liegniczer (fragment)|
|105r - 112v||Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on short sword fencing by Sigmund ain Ringeck (jumbled)|
|112v - 116v|
|116v - 124r||Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on long sword fencing by Jud Lew|
|125r - 127r|| |
As the Albertina has thus far declined to produce new scans, only the fragmentary facsimile published by Friedrich Dörnhöffer in 1910 is currently available.
- Dörnhöffer, Friedrich. "Albrecht Dürers Fechtbuch". Jahrbuch der Kunsthistorischen Sammlungen des Allerhöchsten Kaiserhauses. Vienna: 1909. pp 300-462.
- Dörnhöffer, Friedrich. Albrecht Dürers Fechtbuch. Vienna: F. Tempsky, 1910.
- Dürer, Albrecht and Wassmannsdorff, Karl. Die Ringkunst des deutschen Mittelalters. Liepzig: Priber, 1870.
- Strauss, Walter L. The complete drawings of Albrecht Dürer. New York: Abaris Books, 1974. ISBN 0913870005
Copyright and License Summary
For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.
|Images||Friedrich Dörnhöffer||Albrecht Dürers Fechtbuch|
|Transcription||Friedrich Dörnhöffer, Dierk Hagedorn||Index:Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)|