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Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)

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Οπλοδιδασκαλια sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri
MS 26-232, Albertina
Vienna, Austria

MS 26-232 Iv.jpg
MS 26-232 1r.jpg
Folia Iv-1r
WiktenauerLeng38.9.11
WierschinHils45
Type
Date ca. 1512
Place of origin Nuremberg, Germany
Language(s) Early New High German
Author(s) Unknown
Scribe(s)
Illustrator(s) Albrecht Dürer
Size 127 folia (220 mm × 310 mm)
Format Generally single-sided; two or three
illustrations per side, with text on the right
Exemplar(s) Cod. I.6.4º.2 (1470s)
Treatise scans

Οπλοδιδασκαλια sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri ("Weapon Training, or Albrecht Dürer's Meditation on the Handling of Weapons", MS 26-232) is a German fencing manual created in 1512 by Albrecht Dürer,[1] and is thus the earliest known fencing manual illustrated by a master artist. The original currently rests in the Graphische Sammulung of the Albertina in Vienna, Austria. This treatise, like all of Dürer's fencing material, appears to be connected with the visit of Emperor Maximilian I to Dürer's home city of Nuremberg in 1512.[1]

Dürer was an important figure in the German renaissance, and is noted for his realistic depictions of human anatomy; this is significant as the illustrations in earlier fencing manuals are often considered distorted or otherwise less unreliable. Much of the material seems to be copied from the earlier treatises of the Bauman Fechtbuch and the Glasgow Fechtbuch, making it part of the Nuremburg tradition. The lost Codex 1246 seems to have been copied in turn from this manuscript (as well as Christian Egenolff's reprint of Andre Paurenfeyndt) in the early 1600s.

Provenance

The known provenance of the MS 26-232 is:[2]

  • Created by Albrecht Durer in Nuremberg in ca. 1512, probably for Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I.
  • Early 1600s - Copied by an unknown scribe to produce the Codex 1246.
  • 1823 - Discovered in Styria, Austria, by theologian Vincenz Weintridt.
  • 1833 - Presented to Emperor Franz I by Weindridt.
  • Present - Held by the Albertina in Vienna, Austria.

Contents

Ir - 3v
4r - 12r Blank
14r - 53r Grappling teachings from the Augsburg tradition
53r - 59r Blank
60r - 66r Longsword teachings from the Augsburg tradition
66v - 67v Dagger teachings from the Augsburg tradition
68r - 72r Blank
73r - 92r Messer teachings from the Augsburg tradition
93r - 95r Blank
96r - 100v Gloss of the Recital on the Messer by Johannes Lecküchner (fragment)
100v Verse on mounted fencing by Martin Huntsfeld
100v Recital on short sword fencing by Johannes Liechtenauer
100v Grappling by Ott Jud (fragment)
101r
101r
101rv Short sword fencing by Andre Lignitzer (fragment)
105r - 112v Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on short sword fencing by Sigmund ain Ringeck (jumbled)
112v - 116v
116v - 124r Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on mounted fencing by Lew
125r - 127r

Gallery

The manuscript is composed of three sections of different ages. The first part is the youngest; it was composed at the turn of the 17th century as an introduction to the manuscript. The second part was illustrated by Albrecht Dürer in ca. 1510, and was expanded with blank pages between the illustrations around the time that the first part was created. The third part is the oldest, and was written at the turn of the 16th century.

Part A

Front Cover
MS 26-232 Cover 1.jpg
Inside Cover
MS 26-232 Cover 2.jpg
Ar
MS 26-232 Ar.jpg
Av
MS 26-232 Av.jpg
Br
MS 26-232 Br.jpg
Bv
MS 26-232 Bv.jpg
Ⅰr
MS 26-232 Ir.jpg
Ⅰv
MS 26-232 Iv.jpg
Folio 1r
MS 26-232 1r.jpg
Folio 1v
MS 26-232 1v.jpg
Folio 2r
MS 26-232 2r.jpg
Folio 2v
MS 26-232 2v.jpg
Folio 3r
MS 26-232 3r.jpg
Folio 3v
MS 26-232 3v.jpg
Folio 4r
MS 26-232 4r.jpg
Folio 4v
MS 26-232 4v.jpg
Folio 5r
MS 26-232 5r.jpg
Folio 5v
MS 26-232 5v.jpg
Folio 6r
MS 26-232 6r.jpg
Folio 6v
MS 26-232 6v.jpg
Folio 7r
MS 26-232 7r.jpg
Folio 7v
MS 26-232 7v.jpg
Folio 8r
MS 26-232 8r.jpg
Folio 8v
MS 26-232 8v.jpg
Folio 9r
MS 26-232 9r.jpg
Folio 9v
MS 26-232 9v.jpg
Folio 10r
MS 26-232 10r.jpg
Folio 10v
MS 26-232 10v.jpg
Folio 11r
MS 26-232 11r.jpg
Folio 11v
MS 26-232 11v.jpg

Part B

Folio 12r
MS 26-232 12r.jpg
Folio 12v
MS 26-232 12v.jpg
Folio 13r
MS 26-232 13r.jpg
Folio 13v
MS 26-232 13v.jpg
Lost
Lost
Folio 14r
MS 26-232 14r.jpg
Folio 14v
MS 26-232 14v.jpg
Folio 15r
MS 26-232 15r.jpg
Folio 15v
MS 26-232 15v.jpg
Folio 16r
MS 26-232 16r.jpg
Folio 16v
MS 26-232 16v.jpg
Folio 17r
MS 26-232 17r.jpg
Folio 17v
MS 26-232 17v.jpg
Folio 18r
MS 26-232 18r.jpg
Folio 18v
MS 26-232 18v.jpg
Folio 19r
MS 26-232 19r.jpg
Folio 19v
MS 26-232 19v.jpg
Folio 20r
MS 26-232 20r.jpg
Folio 20v
MS 26-232 20v.jpg
Folio 21r
MS 26-232 21r.jpg
Folio 21v
MS 26-232 21v.jpg
Folio 22r
MS 26-232 22r.jpg
Folio 22v
MS 26-232 22v.jpg
Folio 23r
MS 26-232 23r.jpg
Folio 23v
MS 26-232 23v.jpg
Folio 24r
MS 26-232 24r.jpg
Folio 24v
MS 26-232 24v.jpg
Folio 25r
MS 26-232 25r.jpg
Folio 25v
MS 26-232 25v.jpg
Folio 26r
MS 26-232 26r.jpg
Folio 26v
MS 26-232 26v.jpg
Folio 27r
MS 26-232 27r.jpg
Folio 27v
MS 26-232 27v.jpg
Lost
Lost
Folio 28r
MS 26-232 28r.jpg
Folio 28v
MS 26-232 28v.jpg
Folio 29r
MS 26-232 29r.jpg
Folio 29v
MS 26-232 29v.jpg
Folio 30r
MS 26-232 30r.jpg
Folio 30v
MS 26-232 30v.jpg
Folio 31r
MS 26-232 31r.jpg
Folio 31v
MS 26-232 31v.jpg
Folio 32r
MS 26-232 32r.jpg
Folio 32v
MS 26-232 32v.jpg
Folio 33r
MS 26-232 33r.jpg
Folio 33v
MS 26-232 33v.jpg
Folio 34r
MS 26-232 34r.jpg
Folio 34v
MS 26-232 34v.jpg
Folio 35r
MS 26-232 35r.jpg
Folio 35v
MS 26-232 35v.jpg
Folio 36r
MS 26-232 36r.jpg
Folio 36v
MS 26-232 36v.jpg
Folio 37r
MS 26-232 37r.jpg
Folio 37v
MS 26-232 37v.jpg
Folio 38r
MS 26-232 38r.jpg
Folio 38v
MS 26-232 38v.jpg
Folio 39r
MS 26-232 39r.jpg
Folio 39v
MS 26-232 39v.jpg
Folio 40r
MS 26-232 40r.jpg
Folio 40v
MS 26-232 40v.jpg
Folio 41r
MS 26-232 41r.jpg
Folio 41v
MS 26-232 41v.jpg
Folio 42r
MS 26-232 42r.jpg
Folio 42v
MS 26-232 42v.jpg
Folio 43r
MS 26-232 43r.jpg
Folio 43v
MS 26-232 43v.jpg
Folio 44r
MS 26-232 44r.jpg
Folio 44v
MS 26-232 44v.jpg
Folio 45r
MS 26-232 45r.jpg
Folio 45v
MS 26-232 45v.jpg
Folio 46r
MS 26-232 46r.jpg
Folio 46v
MS 26-232 46v.jpg
Folio 47r
MS 26-232 47r.jpg
Folio 47v
MS 26-232 47v.jpg
Folio 48r
MS 26-232 48r.jpg
Folio 48v
MS 26-232 48v.jpg
Folio 49r
MS 26-232 49r.jpg
Folio 49v
MS 26-232 49v.jpg
Folio 50r
MS 26-232 50r.jpg
Folio 50v
MS 26-232 50v.jpg
Folio 51r
MS 26-232 51r.jpg
Folio 51v
MS 26-232 51v.jpg
Folio 52r
MS 26-232 52r.jpg
Folio 52v
MS 26-232 52v.jpg
Folio 53r
MS 26-232 53r.jpg
Folio 53v
MS 26-232 53v.jpg
Folio 54r
MS 26-232 54r.jpg
Folio 54v
MS 26-232 54v.jpg
Folio 55r
MS 26-232 55r.jpg
Folio 55v
MS 26-232 55v.jpg
Folio 56r
MS 26-232 56r.jpg
Folio 56v
MS 26-232 56v.jpg
Folio 57r
MS 26-232 57r.jpg
Folio 57v
MS 26-232 57v.jpg
Folio 58r
MS 26-232 58r.jpg
Folio 58v
MS 26-232 58v.jpg
Folio 59r
MS 26-232 59r.jpg
Folio 59v
MS 26-232 59v.jpg
Folio 60r
MS 26-232 60r.jpg
Folio 60v
MS 26-232 60v.jpg
Folio 61r
MS 26-232 61r.jpg
Folio 61v
MS 26-232 61v.jpg
Folio 62r
MS 26-232 62r.jpg
Folio 62v
MS 26-232 62v.jpg
Folio 63r
MS 26-232 63r.jpg
Folio 63v
MS 26-232 63v.jpg
Folio 64r
MS 26-232 64r.jpg
Folio 64v
MS 26-232 64v.jpg
Folio 65r
MS 26-232 65r.jpg
Folio 65v
MS 26-232 65v.jpg
Folio 66r
MS 26-232 66r.jpg
Folio 66v
MS 26-232 66v.jpg
Folio 67r
MS 26-232 67r.jpg
Folio 67v
MS 26-232 67v.jpg
Folio 68r
MS 26-232 68r.jpg
Folio 68v
MS 26-232 68v.jpg
Folio 69r
MS 26-232 69r.jpg
Folio 69v
MS 26-232 69v.jpg
Folio 70r
MS 26-232 70r.jpg
Folio 70v
MS 26-232 70v.jpg
Folio 71r
MS 26-232 71r.jpg
Folio 71v
MS 26-232 71v.jpg
Folio 72r
MS 26-232 72r.jpg
Folio 72v
MS 26-232 72v.jpg
Folio 73r
MS 26-232 73r.jpg
Folio 73v
MS 26-232 73v.jpg
Folio 74r
MS 26-232 74r.jpg
Folio 74v
MS 26-232 74v.jpg
Folio 75r
MS 26-232 75r.jpg
Folio 75v
MS 26-232 75v.jpg
Folio 76r
MS 26-232 76r.jpg
Folio 76v
MS 26-232 76v.jpg
Folio 77r
MS 26-232 77r.jpg
Folio 77v
MS 26-232 77v.jpg
Folio 78r
MS 26-232 78r.jpg
Folio 78v
MS 26-232 78v.jpg
Folio 79r
MS 26-232 79r.jpg
Folio 79v
MS 26-232 79v.jpg
Folio 80r
MS 26-232 80r.jpg
Folio 80v
MS 26-232 80v.jpg
Folio 81r
MS 26-232 81r.jpg
Folio 81v
MS 26-232 81v.jpg
Folio 82r
MS 26-232 82r.jpg
Folio 82v
MS 26-232 82v.jpg
Folio 83r
MS 26-232 83r.jpg
Folio 83v
MS 26-232 83v.jpg
Folio 84r
MS 26-232 84r.jpg
Folio 84v
MS 26-232 84v.jpg
Folio 85r
MS 26-232 85r.jpg
Folio 85v
MS 26-232 85v.jpg
Folio 86r
MS 26-232 86r.jpg
Folio 86v
MS 26-232 86v.jpg
Folio 87r
MS 26-232 87r.jpg
Folio 87v
MS 26-232 87v.jpg
Folio 88r
MS 26-232 88r.jpg
Folio 88v
MS 26-232 88v.jpg
Folio 89r
MS 26-232 89r.jpg
Folio 89v
MS 26-232 89v.jpg
Folio 90r
MS 26-232 90r.jpg
Folio 90v
MS 26-232 90v.jpg
Folio 91r
MS 26-232 91r.jpg
Folio 91v
MS 26-232 91v.jpg
Folio 92r
MS 26-232 92r.jpg
Folio 92v
MS 26-232 92v.jpg
Folio 93r
MS 26-232 93r.jpg
Folio 93v
MS 26-232 93v.jpg
Folio 94r
MS 26-232 94r.jpg
Folio 94v
MS 26-232 94v.jpg
Folio 95r
MS 26-232 95r.jpg
Folio 95v
MS 26-232 95v.jpg

Part C

Folio 96r
MS 26-232 96r.png
Folio 96v
MS 26-232 96v.png
Folio 97r
MS 26-232 97r.png
Folio 97v
MS 26-232 97v.png
Folio 98r
MS 26-232 98r.png
Folio 98v
MS 26-232 98v.png
Folio 99r
MS 26-232 99r.png
Folio 99v
MS 26-232 99v.png
Folio 100r
MS 26-232 100r.png
Folio 100v
MS 26-232 100v.png
Folio 101r
MS 26-232 101r.png
Folio 101v
MS 26-232 101v.png
Folio 102r
MS 26-232 102r.jpg
Folio 102v
MS 26-232 102v.jpg
Folio 103r
MS 26-232 103r.jpg
Folio 103v
MS 26-232 103v.jpg
Folio 104r
MS 26-232 104r.jpg
Folio 104v
MS 26-232 104v.jpg
Folio 105r
MS 26-232 105r.png
Folio 105v
MS 26-232 105v.png
Folio 106r
MS 26-232 106r.png
Folio 106v
MS 26-232 106v.png
Folio 107r
MS 26-232 107r.png
Folio 107v
MS 26-232 107v.png
Folio 108r
MS 26-232 108r.png
Folio 108v
MS 26-232 108v.png
Folio 109r
MS 26-232 109r.png
Folio 109v
MS 26-232 109v.png
Folio 110r
MS 26-232 110r.png
Folio 110v
MS 26-232 110v.png
Folio 111r
MS 26-232 111r.png
Folio 111v
MS 26-232 111v.png
Folio 112r
MS 26-232 112r.png
Folio 112v
MS 26-232 112v.png
Folio 113r
MS 26-232 113r.png
Folio 113v
MS 26-232 113v.png
Folio 114r
MS 26-232 114r.png
Folio 114v
MS 26-232 114v.png
Folio 115r
MS 26-232 115r.png
Folio 115v
MS 26-232 115v.png
Folio 116r
MS 26-232 116r.png
Folio 116v
MS 26-232 116v.png
Folio 117r
MS 26-232 117r.png
Folio 117v
MS 26-232 117v.png
Folio 118r
MS 26-232 118r.png
Folio 118v
MS 26-232 118v.png
Folio 119r
MS 26-232 119r.png
Folio 119v
MS 26-232 119v.png
Folio 120r
MS 26-232 120r.png
Folio 120v
MS 26-232 120v.png
Folio 121r
MS 26-232 121r.png
Folio 121v
MS 26-232 121v.png
Folio 122r
MS 26-232 122r.png
Folio 122v
MS 26-232 122v.png
Folio 123r
MS 26-232 123r.png
Folio 123v
MS 26-232 123v.png
Folio 124r
MS 26-232 124r.png
Folio 124v
MS 26-232 124v.png
Folio 125r
MS 26-232 125r.png
Folio 125v
MS 26-232 125v.jpg
Folio 126r
MS 26-232 126r.jpg
Folio 126v
MS 26-232 126v.jpg
Folio 127r
MS 26-232 127r.jpg
Folio 127v
MS 26-232 127v.jpg
Folio 128r
MS 26-232 128r.jpg
Folio 128v
MS 26-232 128v.jpg
Ⅱr
MS 26-232 IIr.jpg
Ⅱv
MS 26-232 IIv.jpg
Inside Cover
MS 26-232 Cover 3.jpg
Back Cover
MS 26-232 Cover 4.jpg

Dörnhöffer Facsimile

Since the Albertina has only released low-resolution scans of the manuscript, high-res scans of the fragmentary facsimile published by Friedrich Dörnhöffer in 1909 are included below.

Tafel 1
MS 26-232 13r.png
Tafel 2
MS 26-232 13v.png
Tafel 3
MS 26-232 14r.png
Tafel 4
MS 26-232 14v.png
Tafel 5
MS 26-232 16r.png
Tafel 6
MS 26-232 16v.png
Tafel 7
MS 26-232 18r.png
Tafel 8
MS 26-232 18v.png
Tafel 9
MS 26-232 21r.png
Tafel 10
MS 26-232 21v.png
Tafel 11
MS 26-232 23r.png
Tafel 12
MS 26-232 23v.png
Tafel 13
MS 26-232 25r.png
Tafel 14
MS 26-232 25v.png
Tafel 15
MS 26-232 27r.png
Tafel 16
MS 26-232 27v.png
Tafel 17a
MS 26-232 29r.png
Tafel 18
MS 26-232 29v.png
Tafel 19
MS 26-232 31r.png
Tafel 20
MS 26-232 31v.png
Tafel 21
MS 26-232 33r.png
Tafel 22
MS 26-232 33v.png
Tafel 23
MS 26-232 35r.png
Tafel 24
MS 26-232 35v.png
Tafel 25
MS 26-232 38r.png
Tafel 26
MS 26-232 38v.png
Tafel 27
MS 26-232 40r.png
Tafel 28
MS 26-232 40v.png
Tafel 29
MS 26-232 42r.png
Tafel 30
MS 26-232 42v.png
Tafel 31
MS 26-232 44r.png
Tafel 32
MS 26-232 44v.png
Tafel 33
MS 26-232 46r.png
Tafel 34
MS 26-232 46v.png
Tafel 35
MS 26-232 48r.png
Tafel 36
MS 26-232 48v.png
Tafel 37
MS 26-232 50r.png
Tafel 38
MS 26-232 50v.png
Tafel 39
MS 26-232 52r.png
Tafel 40
MS 26-232 52v.png
Tafel 41
MS 26-232 60r.png
Tafel 42a
MS 26-232 60v.png
Tafel 43
MS 26-232 62r.png
Tafel 44
MS 26-232 62v.png
Tafel 45
MS 26-232 64r.png
Tafel 46
MS 26-232 64v.png
Tafel 47
MS 26-232 66r.png
Tafel 48
MS 26-232 66v.png
Tafel 49a
MS 26-232 67r.png
Tafel 50
MS 26-232 67v.png
Tafel 51a
MS 26-232 74r.png
Tafel 52
MS 26-232 74v.png
Tafel 53
MS 26-232 76r.png
Tafel 54
MS 26-232 76v.png
Tafel 55
MS 26-232 78r.png
Tafel 56
MS 26-232 78v.png
Tafel 57
MS 26-232 80r.png
Tafel 58
MS 26-232 80v.png
Tafel 59a
MS 26-232 81r.png
Tafel 60
MS 26-232 81v.png
Tafel 61
MS 26-232 83r.png
Tafel 62
MS 26-232 83v.png
Tafel 63
MS 26-232 85r.png
Tafel 64
MS 26-232 85v.png
Tafel 65
MS 26-232 87r.png
Tafel 66
MS 26-232 87v.png
Tafel 67
MS 26-232 89r.png
Tafel 68
MS 26-232 89v.png
Tafel 69
MS 26-232 91r.png
Tafel 70
MS 26-232 91v.png

Additional Resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Friedrich Dörnhöffer. Albrecht Dürers Fechtbuch. Vienna: F. Tempsky, 1910.
  2. Jane Campbell Hutchinson. Albrecht Durer. Princeton University Press, 1992.
  3. wing
  4. inverted
  5. upwards
  6. opponent
  7. opponent
  8. plunge
  9. upwards

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Images Friedrich Dörnhöffer Albrecht Dürers Fechtbuch
Public Domain.png
Translation Michael Chidester Wiktenauer
CCBYNCSA30.png
Translation Jake Norwood The Historical Fencer
CCBYNCSA30.png
Transcription Friedrich Dörnhöffer, Dierk Hagedorn Index:Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)
Various.png