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Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a)

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Pol Hausbuch
MS 3227a, Germanisches Nationalmuseum
Nuremberg, Germany

MS 3227a 13v.jpg
MS 3227a 14r.jpg
ff 13v - 14r
Type Commonplace book
Date ca. 1400s
Compiler Unknown
Material Paper and parchment, in a leather
Size 169 folia (105 mm × 145 mm)
Format Double-sided, with black and red ink
External data Museum catalog entry
Treatise scans
Other translations

The Nicolas Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a, sometimes called the Nuremberg Hausbuch) is a German commonplace book (or Hausbuch in German) thought to have been created some time between 1389 and 1532.[1] The original currently rests in the holdings of the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg, Germany. It is sometimes erroneously attributed to Hans "Hanko" Döbringer,[2] when in fact he is but one of the four authors of a brief addendum to Johannes Liechtenauer's art of long sword fencing, which is also the only fencing material in the manuscript that appears in any other fencing manual. The rest of the manuscript is a typical example of a commonplace book, containing a variety of unrelated writings on mundane and esoteric topics, including fencing and grappling, but for this reason, the anonymous author of the rest of the fencing material is sometimes known as Pseudo-Hans Döbringer. Pseudo-Döbringer's writings seem to consist of commentary on and expansion of the teachings of Liechtenauer, and it is even speculated that he was still alive at the time of the writing.[3]

Christian Tobler argues that it is unjustified to assume a date of 1389 based purely on the presence of a century-long calendar.[4] The eclectic nature of commonplace books means that the calendar could easily have been an old calendar or even a future one. As the date of the Pol Hausbuch is also used to estimate the time period of Liechtenauer's career, this is a significant error. (Using it to date Liechtenauer is further complicated by the fact that even if he were alive when the fencing treatise was written, the version in this manuscript is potentially a later copy rather than the original.)[5] An upper limit on the origin of the manuscript is often estimated based on the date in the front cover, which seems to indicate that Nicolaus Pol owned it in 1494, but that's a misinterpretation Pol received his doctorate in 1494, and all books from his library follow his name with "Doctor, 1494".



1r - 5v Liber Ignium by Marcus Graecus
6r Recipes for powders used for painting
6v - 10v Latin recipes (paint, alchemy, medicine)
11r - 12r Von dem herten by "Master Alchemy"
12v - 13r Alchemical recipes in Latin
13v - 17v Fencing advice by Pseudo-Hans Döbringer
18r - 40r Gloss of Liechtenauer's long sword by Pseudo-Hans Döbringer
43r - 52v Long sword by Andres Juden, Jobs von der Nyssen, Nicklass Prewßen, and "the Priest" Hans Döbringer
53r - 59v Recital on mounted fencing by Johannes Liechtenauer
60r - 61r Recital on short sword by Johannes Liechtenauer
64r - 65r Conclusion of the teachings of Liechtenauer by Pseudo-Hans Döbringer
66v - 67r Astrological texts, magical and medicinal recipes, name magic
68r - 73v Astrological texts, magical and medicinal recipes, name magic
74r Sword and buckler teachings by Pseudo-Hans Döbringer
74v - 77v Recipes for paint, tumors, metal and ivory treatment
78r Staff teachings by Pseudo-Hans Döbringer
79r - 81v Miscellaneous Latin recipes, treatment of gems, preparation of a miraculous potion
82rv Messer teachings by Pseudo-Hans Döbringer
83v Interval between Epiphany and Ash Wednesday for years 1390-1495
84r - 85r Dagger teachings by Pseudo-Hans Döbringer
85r - 85v, 86v Magical recipes
86r, 87r - 89r Grappling teachings by Pseudo-Hans Döbringer
90v - 91v Medical Recipes for the Mouth and Teeth
92r - 161v Various alchemical recipes, food recipes, nonsense recipes, in various hands
109r, 113v, 119v - 120r
161v - 165v "Horse pharmacopeia" (Rossarzneibuch) by Master Albrant
166r - 169v Index to the recipes in the manuscript, partly illegible


Cover 1
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Cover 2
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MS 3227a Ir.jpg
MS 3227a Iv.jpg
MS 3227a IIr.jpg
MS 3227a IIv.jpg
Folio 1r
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Folio 1v
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Folio 2r
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Folio 2v
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Folio 3r
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Folio 3v
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Folio 4r
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Folio 4v
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Folio 5r
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Folio 5v
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Folio 6r
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Folio 6v
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Folio 7r
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Folio 7v
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Folio 8r
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Folio 8v
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Folio 9r
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Folio 9v
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Folio 10r
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Folio 10v
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Folio 11r
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Folio 11v
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Folio 12r
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Folio 12v
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Folio 13r
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Folio 13v
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Folio 14r
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Folio 14v
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Folio 15r
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Folio 15v
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Folio 16r
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Folio 16v
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Folio 17r
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Folio 17v
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Folio 18r
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Folio 18v
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Folio 19r
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Folio 19v
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Folio 20r
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Folio 20v
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Folio 21r
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Folio 21v
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Folio 22r
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Folio 22v
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Folio 23r
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Folio 23v
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Folio 24r
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Folio 24v
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Folio 25r
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Folio 25v
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Folio 26r
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Folio 26v
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Folio 27r
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Folio 27v
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Folio 28r
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Folio 28v
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Folio 29r
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Folio 29v
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Folio 30r
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Folio 30v
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Folio 30v
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Folio 30v
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Folio 32r
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Folio 32v
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Folio 33r
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Folio 33v
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Folio 34r
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Folio 34v
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Folio 35r
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Folio 35v
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Folio 36r
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Folio 36v
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Folio 37r
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Folio 37v
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Folio 38r
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Folio 38v
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Folio 30v
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Folio 39v
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Folio 40r
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Folio 40v
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Folio 30v
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Folio 30v
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Folio 30v
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Folio 30v
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Folio 43r
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Folio 43v
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Folio 44r
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Folio 44v
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Folio 45r
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Folio 45v
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Folio 46r
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Folio 46v
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Folio 47r
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Folio 47v
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Folio 48r
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Folio 48v
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Folio 49r
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Folio 49v
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Folio 50r
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Folio 50v
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Folio 51r
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Folio 51v
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Folio 52r
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Folio 52v
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Folio 53r
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Folio 53v
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Folio 54r
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Folio 54v
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Folio 55r
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Folio 55v
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Folio 56r
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Folio 56v
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Folio 57r
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Folio 57v
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Folio 58r
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Folio 58v
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Folio 59r
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Folio 59v
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Folio 60r
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Folio 60v
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Folio 61r
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Folio 61v
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Folio 62r
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Folio 62v
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Folio 63r
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Folio 63v
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Folio 64r
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Folio 64v
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Folio 65r
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Folio 65v
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Folio 66r
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Folio 66v
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Folio 67r
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Folio 67v
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Folio 68r
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Folio 68v
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Folio 69r
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Folio 69v
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Folio 70r
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Folio 70v
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Folio 71r
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Folio 71v
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Folio 72r
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Folio 72v
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Folio 73r
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Folio 73v
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Folio 74r
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Folio 74v
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Folio 75r
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Folio 75v
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Folio 76r
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Folio 76v
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Folio 77r
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Folio 77v
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Folio 78r
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Folio 78v
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Folio 79r
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Folio 79v
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Folio 80r
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Folio 80v
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Folio 81r
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Folio 81v
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Folio 82r
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Folio 82v
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Folio 83r
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Folio 83v
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Folio 84r
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Folio 84v
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Folio 85r
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Folio 85v
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Folio 86r
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Folio 86v
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Folio 87r
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Folio 87v
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Folio 88r
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Folio 88v
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Folio 89r
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Folio 89v
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Folio 90r
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Folio 90v
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Folio 91r
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Folio 91v
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Folio 92r
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Folio 92v
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Folio 93r
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Folio 93v
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Folio 94r
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Folio 94v
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Folio 95r
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Folio 95v
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Folio 96r
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Folio 96v
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Folio 97r
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Folio 97v
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Folio 98r
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Folio 98v
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Folio 99r
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Folio 99v
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Folio 100r
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Folio 101r
Folio 101v
Folio 102r
Folio 102v
Folio 103r
Folio 103v
Folio 104r
Folio 104v
Folio 105r
Folio 105v
Folio 106r
Folio 106v
Folio 107r
Folio 107v
Folio 108r
Folio 108v
Folio 109r
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Folio 109v
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Folio 110r
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Folio 110v
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Folio 111r
Folio 111v
Folio 112r
Folio 112v
Folio 113r
Folio 113v
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Folio 114r
Folio 114v
Folio 115r
Folio 115v
Folio 116r
Folio 116v
Folio 117r
Folio 117v
Folio 118r
Folio 118v
Folio 119r
Folio 119v
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Folio 120r
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Folio 120v
Folio 121r
Folio 121v
Folio 122r
Folio 122v
Folio 123r
Folio 123v
Folio 124r
Folio 124v
Folio 125r
Folio 125v
Folio 126r
Folio 126v
Folio 127r
Folio 127v
Folio 128r
Folio 128v
Folio 129r
Folio 129v
Folio 130r
Folio 130v
Folio 130v
Folio 130v
Folio 132r
Folio 132v
Folio 133r
Folio 133v
Folio 134r
Folio 134v
Folio 135r
Folio 135v
Folio 136r
Folio 136v
Folio 137r
Folio 137v
Folio 138r
Folio 138v
Folio 130v
Folio 139v
Folio 140r
Folio 140v
Folio 130v
Folio 130v
Folio 130v
Folio 130v
Folio 143r
Folio 143v
Folio 144r
Folio 144v
Folio 145r
Folio 145v
Folio 146r
Folio 146v
Folio 147r
Folio 147v
Folio 148r
Folio 148v
Folio 149r
Folio 149v
Folio 150r
Folio 150v
Folio 151r
Folio 151v
Folio 152r
Folio 152v
Folio 153r
Folio 153v
Folio 154r
Folio 154v
Folio 155r
Folio 155v
Folio 156r
Folio 156v
Folio 157r
Folio 157v
Folio 158r
Folio 158v
Folio 159r
Folio 159v
Folio 160r
Folio 160v
Folio 161r
Folio 161v
Folio 162r
Folio 162v
Folio 163r
Folio 163v
Folio 164r
Folio 164v
Folio 165r
Folio 165v
Folio 166r
Folio 166v
Folio 167r
Folio 167v
Folio 168r
Folio 168v
Folio 169r
Folio 169v
Cover 3
Cover 4

Additional Resources


  1. The date of 1389 is based on the presence of a sort of "calendar" on folio 83v that begins in 1390, while 1532 the year its earliest known owner, Nicolaus Pol, died.
  2. The attribution to Döbringer is based on how prominently the name "Hanko pfaffen Döbringers" appears to be displayed on folio 43r, but upon examination this is revealed as a simple correction inserted in the margin, indicating that Döbringer's name had been accidentally omitted from the list of four authors of the treatise beginning on that page. Attributing this manuscript to Döbringer therefore requires him to have forgotten to include his own name in his own treatise.
  3. The manuscript uniformly lacks the traditional prayer for the dead when mentioning his name.
  4. This isn't a calendar in any conventional sense, but rather a simple list of the number of weeks between the holidays of Epiphany and Ash Wednesday in each of the years.
  5. Tobler, Christian Henry. "Chicken and Eggs: Which Master Came First?" In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts. Wheaton, IL: Freelance Academy Press, 2010.
  6. Revision or stain.
  7. At this point, there is a cross-shaped marking spanning two lines whose meaning is unclear.
  8. Reading unclear.
  9. Bottom line difficult to decipher.
  10. Ehlert expands to ‘verumteman’. But compare 109r line 6.
  11. Single cross as metamark.

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Images Germanisches Nationalmuseum Digitale Bibliothek
Public Domain.png
Translation (5v, 67v) Ondrej Vodicka Wiktenauer
Translation (11r - 12r) Jeffrey Hull "Fight-Book Clues to the Quality and Build of Knightly Weaponry"
Transcription Dierk Hagedorn, Jeffrey Hull, Helmut Werner Klug, Ondrej Vodicka, et al. Index:Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a)