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Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)

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Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss
MS Var.82, Universitätsbibliothek Rostock
Rostock, Germany

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Title page (ff 4v-5r)
WiktenauerLeng
WierschinHils
Type Fencing manual
Date ca. 1570
Place of origin Strasbourg, Germany (?)
Language(s) Early New High German
Scribe(s) Joachim Meÿer
Author(s)
Compiled by Joachim Meÿer
Dedicated to Heinrich, Graf von Eberst
Size 124 folia
Format Double-sided
External data Library catalog entry
Images Digital scans (1800x2400)

Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss ("Manual on Fencing, on Horse and on Foot"; MS Var[ia] 82) is a German fencing manual created in the 1560s and acquired by Joachim Meÿer some time before 1570.[1] The original currently rests in the holdings of the Universitätsbibliothek Rostock in Rostock, Germany. Like many manuscripts from the previous century, the MS Var. 82 contains an assortment of older treatises from the tradition of Johannes Liechtenauer; perhaps the most significant portion is the notes that Meÿer added to the front and back, including an outline for adapting the traditional German Messer teachings (exemplified in the writings of Johannes Lecküchner) to the newly-popular side sword.

Much of the older content seems to have been sourced from a manuscript similar to Codex I.6.4º.3, perhaps the one from which that manuscript was also copied. The two notable exceptions to this are Sigmund ain Ringeck's glosa, which do not match any other extant version and contain clues to the nature of the lost original, and an anonymous multiweapon treatise toward the back which also appears in the compilations of Paulus Hector Mair, but whose origins are completely unknown.

One final note of interest about this manuscript is that it mentions a Master Pegnitzer,[2] a name that also appears on Paulus Kal's roll of the Fellowship of Liechtenauer[3] and a master from whom no treatise is known to survive. The name is mentioned in reference to a device of the poleaxe, which might indicate the subject of his teachings.

Provenance

Contents

1r - 5r Notes on striking by Joachim Meÿer
6r - 13v Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on long sword fencing by Sigmund ain Ringeck (fragmentary)
13v - 39v Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on long sword fencing by Pseudo-Peter von Danzig
39v - 41r Recital on long sword fencing by Martin Syber
41r - 58r, 75v Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on mounted fencing by Jud Lew
58r - 67r Short sword fencing and grappling by Martin Huntfeltz (attributed to Jud Lew)
67r - 74v Short sword fencing by Andre Liegniczer (attributed to Martin Huntfeltz)
74v - 75r Short sword fencing by Johannes Liechtenauer
75v - 96v Anonymous multiweapon treatise
97r - 98r Sword and Buckler by Andre Liegniczer
98r - 110r Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on short sword fencing by Sigmund ain Ringeck (disordered)
111r - 124v Rapier by Joachim Meÿer

Gallery

Images hosted by the Universitätsbibliothek Rostock.

Front Cover
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Inside Cover
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Inside Cover
Back Cover
Spine
Alt. Cover
Alt. Cover

Additional Resources

References

  1. The only date, 1570, is given on folio 123 (between the first and second sections of Meyer's rapier text); the rest of the manuscript shows a few different hands and was likely compiled prior to its acquisition by Meyer. See Joachim Meyer. The Art of Combat. A German Martial Arts Treatise of 1570. Trans. Jeffrey L. Forgeng. London: Frontline Books, 2014. pp 32-33.
  2. See folio 94r.
  3. The Fellowship of Liechtenauer is recorded in three versions of Paulus Kal's treatise: MS 1825 (1460s), Cgm 1570 (ca. 1470), and MS KK5126 (1480s).

Copyright and License Summary

For further information, including transcription and translation notes, see the discussion page.

Work Author(s) Source License
Images Universitätsbibliothek Rostock Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) Viewer
Public Domain.png
Transcription Dierk Hagedorn Index:Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)
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