Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)
|Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss|
|MS Var.82, Universitätsbibliothek Rostock|
|Place of origin||Strasbourg, Germany (?)|
|Language(s)||Early New High German|
|Dedicated to||Heinrich, Graf von Eberst|
|External data||Library catalog entry|
|Images||Digital scans (1800x2400)|
Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss ("Manual on Fencing, on Horse and on Foot"; MS Var[ia] 82) is a German fencing manual created in the 1560s and acquired by Joachim Meyer some time before 1570. The original currently rests in the holdings of the Universitätsbibliothek Rostock in Rostock, Germany. Like many manuscripts from the previous century, the MS Var. 82 contains an assortment of older treatises from the tradition of Johannes Liechtenauer; perhaps the most significant portion is the notes that Meyer added to the front and back, including an outline for adapting the traditional German Messer teachings (exemplified in the writings of Johannes Lecküchner) to the newly-popular side sword.
Much of the older content seems to have been sourced from a manuscript similar to Codex I.6.4º.3, perhaps the one from which that manuscript was also copied. The two notable exceptions to this are Sigmund ain Ringeck's glosa, which do not match any other extant version and contain clues to the nature of the lost original, and an anonymous multiweapon treatise toward the back which also appears in the compilations of Paulus Hector Mair, but whose origins are completely unknown.
One final note of interest about this manuscript is that it mentions a Master Pegnitzer, a name that also appears on Paulus Kal's roll of the Fellowship of Liechtenauer and a master from whom no treatise is known to survive. The name is mentioned in reference to a device of the poleaxe, which might indicate the subject of his teachings.
|1r - 5r||Notes on striking by Joachim Meyer|
|6r - 13v||Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on long sword fencing by Sigmund ain Ringeck (fragmentary)|
|13v - 39v||Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on long sword fencing by Pseudo-Peter von Danzig|
|39v - 41r||Recital on long sword fencing by Martin Syber|
|41r - 58r, 75v||Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on mounted fencing by Jud Lew|
|58r - 67r||Short sword fencing and grappling by Martin Huntfeltz (attributed to Jud Lew)|
|67r - 74v||Short sword fencing by Andre Liegniczer (attributed to Martin Huntfeltz)|
|74v - 75r||Recital on short sword fencing by Johannes Liechtenauer|
|75v, 90r - 96v|
|75v - 90r||Anonymous devices of dagger|
|97r - 98r||Sword and Buckler by Andre Liegniczer|
|98r - 110r||Gloss of Liechtenauer's Recital on short sword fencing by Sigmund ain Ringeck (disordered)|
|111r - 124v||Rapier by Joachim Meyer|
Images hosted by the Universitätsbibliothek Rostock.
- Jaquet, Daniel; Walczak, Bartłomiej. "Liegnitzer, Hundsfeld or Lew? The question of authorship of popular Medieval fighting teachings". Acta Periodica Duellatorum 2(1): 105-148. 2014. doi:10.1515/apd-2015-0015.
- The only date, 1570, is given on folio 123 (between the first and second sections of Meyer's rapier text); the rest of the manuscript shows a few different hands and was likely compiled prior to its acquisition by Meyer. See Joachim Meyer. The Art of Combat. A German Martial Arts Treatise of 1570. Trans. Jeffrey L. Forgeng. London: Frontline Books, 2014. pp 32-33.
- See folio 94r.
- The Fellowship of Liechtenauer is recorded in three versions of Paulus Kal's treatise: MS 1825 (1460s), Cgm 1570 (ca. 1470), and MS KK5126 (1480s).
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|Images||Universitätsbibliothek Rostock||Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) Viewer|
|Transcription||Dierk Hagedorn||Index:Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|