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Fellowship of Liechtenauer
The Fellowship of Liechtenauer (Geselschaft Liechtenauers) is a group of seventeen masters listed in the introduction to the three oldest copies of Paulus Kal's fencing manual. It is unclear whether this was ever a formal organization or what its nature might have been. However, in the early 1400s fighting men often organized into companies called Gesellschaften when they went to war; this was especially common during the Hussite Crusades of the 1420s and 30s, which is the time-frame when the first records of masters on this list begin appearing. The Fellowship of Liechtenauer may therefore be a group his students and associates which he assembled for a military campaign. Alternatively, it has been speculated that the list is rather a memorial to deceased masters of the grand master's tradition. Of particular interest is the international nature of the group, including masters from present-day Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, and Poland, which parallels the statement in the MS 3227a that Liechtenauer himself traveled to many lands to learn the art. Several masters from this list are known to have written fencing treatises, but about half remain completely unknown.
Paulus Kal, the presumptive author of the list, includes the following as members of the fellowship:
|hanns liechtenawer||Johannes Liechtenauer|
|peter wildigans von glacz||Peter Wildigans von Glatz|
|peter von tanczk||Peter von Danzig zum Ingolstadt|
|hanns spindler vo~ cznaÿm||Hans Spindler von Znaim|
|lamprecht von prag||Lamprecht von Prague|
|hanns seyden faden vo~ erfürt||Hans Seydenfaden von Erfurt|
|andre liegniczer||Andre Liegniczer|
|iacob liegniczer||Jacob Liegniczer|
|sigmund amring||Sigmund ain Ringeck|
|hartman von nurñberg||Hartman von Nuremberg|
|martein hunczfeld||Martin Huntfeltz|
|hanns pägnüczer||Hans Pegnitzer|
|phÿlips perger||Philipp Perger|
|virgilÿ von kracå||Virgil von Kraków|
|dietherich degen vechter von brawnschweig||Dieterich, the dagger-fighter of Braunschweig|
|ott iud||Ott Jud|
|stettner||Hans Stettner von Mörnsheim|
Master Stettner, he goes on to note, taught a great many students including Kal himself.
- Hils, Hans-Peter. Meister Johann Liechtenauers Kunst des langen Schwertes. P. Lang, 1985. ISBN 978-38-204812-9-7
- Tobler, Christian Henry. In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts. Wheaton, IL: Freelance Academy Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-9825911-1-6
- Tobler, Christian Henry. In Service of the Duke: The 15th Century Fighting Treatise of Paulus Kal. Highland Village, TX: Chivalry Bookshelf, 2006. ISBN 978-1-8914482-5-6
- Tobler, Christian Henry. Secrets of German Medieval Swordsmanship. Highland Village, TX: Chivalry Bookshelf, 2001. ISBN 1-891448-07-2
- Hull, Jeffrey, with Maziarz, Monika and Żabiński, Grzegorz. Knightly Dueling: The Fighting Arts of German Chivalry. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 2007. ISBN 978-1-581606744
- Żabiński, Grzegorz. The Longsword Teachings of Master Liechtenauer. The Early Sixteenth Century Swordsmanship Comments in the "Goliath" Manuscript. Poland: Adam Marshall, 2010. ISBN 978-83-7611-662-4
- Tobler, Christian Henry. In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts. Wheaton, IL: Freelance Academy Press, 2010. p 7.