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  | [http://www.thearma.org/Manuals/Mertin_Siber/MS-Web.htm#.VGJ_mDRu6Ag English translation]
 
  | [http://www.thearma.org/Manuals/Mertin_Siber/MS-Web.htm#.VGJ_mDRu6Ag English translation]
 
  | {{German translation|http://talhoffer.wordpress.com/2011/07/09/martin-syber-in-the-mi-29-transcribed-and-translated/|1}}
 
  | {{German translation|http://talhoffer.wordpress.com/2011/07/09/martin-syber-in-the-mi-29-transcribed-and-translated/|1}}
 +
| {{Greek translation|https://byzantineoplomachia.wordpress.com/2021/02/28/οι-διδασκαλίες-του-martin-syber-από-το-codex-speyer-ms-m-i-29-1491/|1}}
 
  | {{Hungarian translation|http://kardrendje.hu/downloads/books/Mertin_Siber.pdf|1}}
 
  | {{Hungarian translation|http://kardrendje.hu/downloads/books/Mertin_Siber.pdf|1}}
 
}}
 
}}
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== Treatise ==
 
== Treatise ==
  
{{master begin
+
{{Special:RunQuery/Martin Syber}}
| title = [[Long Sword]]
+
 
| width = 113em
+
<div id="longsword" style="background:transparent; clear:both; font-weight:normal; padding:3px; text-align:left; width:0em; min-width:0em;">
}}
+
{| class="master"
<section begin="credits"/>
 
{| class="wikitable floated master"
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
! style="width:3em;" |  
+
! id="Trosclair0" | <p>{{translation rating|B}}<br/>by [[Christian Trosclair]]</p>
! <p>{{translation rating|B}}<br/>by [[Christian Trosclair]]</p>
+
! id="Hull0" | <p>{{translation rating|B|Complete Translation (Salzburg only)}}<br/>by [[Jeffrey Hull]]</p>
! <p>[[Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)|Salzburg Version]] (1491){{edit index|Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! id="Kleinau0" | <p>{{translation rating|B|Complete Translation (Salzburg only)}}<br/>by [[Jens P. Kleinau]]</p>
! <p>[[Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)|Glasgow Version]] (1508){{edit index|Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! id="Salzburg0" | <p>[[Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)|Salzburg Version]] (1491){{edit index|Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|Rostock Version]] (1570){{edit index|Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! id="Glasgow0" | <p>[[Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)|Glasgow Version]] (1508){{edit index|Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
<section end="credits"/>
+
! id="Rostock0" | <p>[[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|Rostock Version]] (1570){{edit index|Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
|-
 
|
 
| <p>[1] {{red|b=1|Hereafter written is a new recital of the long sword and an extraction<ref>alt: extension</ref> from the previous recital and many other good plays from other master's hands were set together [by] Martin Syber and is partitioned in six courses.}}</p>
 
| {{section|Page:MS M.I.29 001r.jpg|1|lbl=1r}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 024v.jpg|1|lbl=24v}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Var.82 039v.png|3|lbl=39v}}
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| id="Trosclair1" | {{section|Martin Syber/Christian Trosclair|1}}
| <p>[2] And the ox and the plow named therein<ref>salzburg adds: and scalper</ref>, together with other hews have another art and interpretation than in the previously illustrated recital and also approaches<ref>lit: goes-into, goes-towards, goes-at</ref> differently.</p>
+
| id="Hull1" | {{section|Martin Syber/Jeffrey Hull|1}}
| {{section|Page:MS M.I.29 001r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| id="Kleinau1" | {{section|Martin Syber/Jens P. Kleinau|1}}
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 024v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| id="Salzburg1" | {{section|Page:MS M.I.29 001r.jpg|1|lbl=1r}}
| {{section|Page:MS Var.82 039v.png|4|lbl=-}}
+
| id="Glasgow1" | {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 024v.jpg|1|lbl=24v}}
 +
| id="Rostock1" | {{section|Page:MS Var.82 039v.png|3|lbl=39v}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <p>&nbsp;<br/><br/></p>
+
| id="Trosclair2" | {{section|Martin Syber/Christian Trosclair|2}}
<poem><small>[1]</small>
+
| id="Hull2" | {{section|Martin Syber/Jeffrey Hull|2}}
 
+
| id="Kleinau2" | {{section|Martin Syber/Jens P. Kleinau|2}}
 
+
| id="Salzburg2" |  
 
+
{{section|Page:MS M.I.29 001r.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS M.I.29 001v.jpg|1|lbl=1v|p=1}}
<small>[5]</small>
+
| id="Glasgow2" | {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 024v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
+
| id="Rostock2" | {{section|Page:MS Var.82 040r.png|1|lbl=40r}}
 
 
 
 
 
 
<small>[10]</small>
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
<small>[15]</small>
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
<small>[20]</small>
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
<small>[25]</small>
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
<small>[30]</small></poem>
 
| <p>[3] {{red|b=1|Now here begins the forward and lessons of the recital, thereafter the six courses.}}</p>
 
<poem>{{red|Whoever wishes to acquire honor}}
 
:{{red|Before princes and before lords}}
 
{{red|In fencing with the}} sword
 
:That is good and proper.
 
That follow my lessons,
 
:They triumph continually.
 
Hold the six courses in guard
 
:They are quite praiseworthily good
 
In them is well understood
 
:Many good masters' wisdom
 
From Hungary, Bohemia, Italy,
 
:From France, England, and Alamannia,
 
From Russia, Prussia, Greece,
 
:Holland, Provence, and Swabia.
 
In them, you shall step left
 
:Thereby remember the misguiding
 
Penetrate strongly in thrusting
 
:So you may well succeed
 
If you see the window standing open,
 
:It goes inside from there
 
Strike or thrust quickly
 
:If you must fall hard<ref>alt: the hard</ref>
 
In the work, step around.
 
:That makes-good<ref>mitmachen. alt: completes</ref> the first-pass<ref>ehegefährt note: this is attacking in the vor.</ref>
 
If you now wish to undertake this,
 
:You must have a strong spirit
 
Proper understanding is also good
 
:Guard yourself from great wrath
 
To such, bring the parrying to them.
 
:Through that, you may well succeed.
 
In all of your fencing, be swift.
 
:This forward has an end.</poem>
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS M.I.29 001r.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS M.I.29 001v.jpg|1|lbl=1v|p=1}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 024v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Var.82 040r.png|1|lbl=40r}}
 
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <p>&nbsp;</p>
+
| id="Trosclair3" | {{section|Martin Syber/Christian Trosclair|3}}
 
+
| id="Hull3" | {{section|Martin Syber/Jeffrey Hull|3}}
<poem>&nbsp;
+
| id="Kleinau3" | {{section|Martin Syber/Jens P. Kleinau|3}}
 
+
| id="Salzburg3" | {{section|Page:MS M.I.29 001v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
<small>[35]</small>
+
| id="Glasgow3" | {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 024v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
+
| id="Rostock3" | {{section|Page:MS Var.82 040r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
 
 
 
 
 
<small>[40]</small></poem>
 
| <p>[4] {{red|b=1|The First Course Has Five Plays}}</p>
 
  
<poem>{{red|Flick}} the weak to the right
 
:Wind through in the fencing
 
With that, make the Flicker
 
:To both sides twice.
 
Besiege<ref>alt: overwhelm; turn(away, aside), entwine, entangle, wrap</ref> his shield strongly
 
:Strike the bowed thrust<ref>alt: jab</ref> violently.
 
In all work, step around
 
:With the right bowed thrust.</poem>
 
| {{section|Page:MS M.I.29 001v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 024v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Var.82 040r.png|2|lbl=-}}<!--
 
          --><section begin="Krumphaw"/>
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <p>&nbsp;</p>
+
| id="Trosclair4" | {{section|Martin Syber/Christian Trosclair|4}}
 +
| id="Hull4" | {{section|Martin Syber/Jeffrey Hull|4}}
 +
| id="Kleinau4" | {{section|Martin Syber/Jens P. Kleinau|4}}
 +
| id="Salzburg4" | {{section|Page:MS M.I.29 001v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| id="Glasgow4" | {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 024v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
| id="Rostock4" | {{section|Page:MS Var.82 040v.png|1|lbl=40v}}
  
<poem>&nbsp;
 
 
 
 
<small>[45]</small>
 
 
 
 
 
<small>[50]</small></poem>
 
| <p>[5] {{red|b=1|The Second Course Has Six Plays}}</p>
 
 
<poem>{{red|Crook}} into the strong
 
:With that remember to wind through
 
Wind running over
 
:Ready the point and pommel
 
Thrust into his face
 
:Fence with the work of the cross
 
Of the directed <ref>carried, transferred, brought across or over. alt: deceiving</ref>pommel, you should think of that
 
:Upon the<ref>alt: your</ref> head, if you would like to harm him
 
In all work, step around
 
:This makes-good the first-pass.</poem>
 
| {{section|Page:MS M.I.29 001v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 024v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Var.82 040v.png|1|lbl=40v}}<!--
 
          --><section end="Krumphaw"/><section begin="Twerhaw"/><section begin="Schilhaw"/>
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <p>&nbsp;</p>
+
| id="Trosclair5" | {{section|Martin Syber/Christian Trosclair|5}}
 
+
| id="Hull5" | {{section|Martin Syber/Jeffrey Hull|5}}
<poem>&nbsp;
+
| id="Kleinau5" | {{section|Martin Syber/Jens P. Kleinau|5}}
 +
| id="Salzburg5" | {{section|Page:MS M.I.29 002r.jpg|1|lbl=2r}}
 +
| id="Glasgow5" | {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 025r.jpg|1|lbl=25r}}
 +
| id="Rostock5" | {{section|Page:MS Var.82 040v.png|2|lbl=-}}
  
 
 
<small>[55]</small>
 
 
 
 
 
<small>[60]</small></poem>
 
| <p>[6] {{red|b=1|The Third Course Has Seven Plays}}</p>
 
 
<poem>{{red|Squint whatever}} comes {{red|from-the-day}}
 
:Thwart-through, do not go crooked
 
Therein dishounor his struggle
 
:The half-squinter makes-good
 
Take away quite swiftly
 
:Threaten the hew against him
 
Drive out his shield strongly
 
:Defeat him with running-over
 
In the strong of his edge
 
:In all work, step around
 
This makes-good the first-pass.</poem>
 
| {{section|Page:MS M.I.29 002r.jpg|1|lbl=2r}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 025r.jpg|1|lbl=25r}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Var.82 040v.png|2|lbl=-}}<!--
 
          --><section end="Schilhaw"/><section end="Twerhaw"/><section begin="Scheitelhaw"/>
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <p>&nbsp;</p>
+
| id="Trosclair6" | {{section|Martin Syber/Christian Trosclair|6}}
 
+
| id="Hull6" | {{section|Martin Syber/Jeffrey Hull|6}}
<poem>&nbsp;
+
| id="Kleinau6" | {{section|Martin Syber/Jens P. Kleinau|6}}
 +
| id="Salzburg6" | {{section|Page:MS M.I.29 002r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| id="Glasgow6" | {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 025r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| id="Rostock6" | {{section|Page:MS Var.82 040v.png|3|lbl=-}}
  
 
<small>[65]</small></poem>
 
| <p>[7] {{red|b=1|The Fourth Course Has Five Plays}}</p>
 
 
<poem>Thrust through {{red|the Ox}}
 
:With two great steps
 
Wind and counter wind
 
:The scalper-hew just as violently
 
Strike the hitter quickly
 
:In the belly and upon the neck
 
In all work, step around
 
:This makes-good the first-pass.</poem>
 
| {{section|Page:MS M.I.29 002r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 025r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Var.82 040v.png|3|lbl=-}}<!--
 
          --><section end="Scheitelhaw"/>
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <p>&nbsp;</p>
+
| id="Trosclair7" | {{section|Martin Syber/Christian Trosclair|7}}
 
+
| id="Hull7" | {{section|Martin Syber/Jeffrey Hull|7}}
<poem><small>[70]</small>
+
| id="Kleinau7" | {{section|Martin Syber/Jens P. Kleinau|7}}
 
+
| id="Salzburg7" |
 
+
{{section|Page:MS M.I.29 002r.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS M.I.29 002v.jpg|1|lbl=2v|p=1}}
 
+
| id="Glasgow7" | {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 025r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
+
| id="Rostock7" |
<small>[75]</small></poem>
+
{{section|Page:MS Var.82 040v.png|4|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Var.82 041r.png|1|lbl=41r|p=1}}
| <p>[8] {{red|b=1|The Fifth Course Has Five Plays}}</p>
 
  
<poem>Thrust {{red|through}} the long point
 
:Yank, thrust again, then kill
 
Allow the blind-hew to bounce
 
:So you may go careening well
 
Hang against, also quickly
 
:Step behind, rebound
 
Upon the head, into the belly
 
:So you make a right fool out of him
 
In all work, step around
 
:This makes-good the first-pass.</poem>
 
|
 
{{section|Page:MS M.I.29 002r.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS M.I.29 002v.jpg|1|lbl=2v|p=1}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 025r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
|
 
{{section|Page:MS Var.82 040v.png|4|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Var.82 041r.png|1|lbl=41r|p=1}}<!--
 
          --><section begin="Twerhaw"/>
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <p>&nbsp;</p>
+
| id="Trosclair8" | {{section|Martin Syber/Christian Trosclair|8}}
 
+
| id="Hull8" | {{section|Martin Syber/Jeffrey Hull|8}}
<poem><small>[80]</small>
+
| id="Kleinau8" | {{section|Martin Syber/Jens P. Kleinau|8}}
 
+
| id="Salzburg8" | {{section|Page:MS M.I.29 002v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
+
| id="Glasgow8" | {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 025r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
+
| id="Rostock8" | {{section|Page:MS Var.82 041r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
 
<small>[85]</small></poem>
 
| <p>[9] {{red|b=1|The Sixth Course has Four Plays}}</p>
 
  
<poem>{{red|From-the-Day}} Drive-through long
 
:Protect yourself with besieging<ref>alt: overwhelm; turn(away, aside), entwine, entangle, wrap</ref>.
 
Thwart-through him immediately
 
:Rebound the blind-hew
 
The point-hew into his chest<ref> the rostock points to: "Hew the point into his chest"</ref>
 
:According to all of your desire.
 
In all work, step around
 
:This makes-good the first-pass.</poem>
 
| {{section|Page:MS M.I.29 002v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 025r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Var.82 041r.png|2|lbl=-}}<!--
 
          --><section end="Twerhaw"/>
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
|  
+
| id="Trosclair9" | {{section|Martin Syber/Christian Trosclair|9}}
| <p>[10] {{red|b=1|Here the new recital has an end.}}</p>
+
| id="Hull9" | {{section|Martin Syber/Jeffrey Hull|9}}
 
+
| id="Kleinau9" | {{section|Martin Syber/Jens P. Kleinau|9}}
''Martin Sibers recital with six courses, as exactly as he set-down, from many masters technique. Whoever can understand it well is well to be praised as a good master of the long sword before other masters.''
+
| id="Salzburg9" | {{section|Page:MS M.I.29 002v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:MS M.I.29 002v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
+
| id="Glasgow9" | {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 025r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 025r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
+
| id="Rostock9" | {{section|Page:MS Var.82 041r.png|3|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:MS Var.82 041r.png|3|lbl=-}}
 
  
 
|}
 
|}
{{master end}}
+
</div>
  
 
{{master begin
 
{{master begin
Line 377: Line 204:
  
 
[[Category:Longsword]]
 
[[Category:Longsword]]
 +
 +
[[Category:New format]]

Latest revision as of 03:02, 1 March 2021

Martin Syber
Born 15th century (?)
Died 15th century (?)
Occupation Fencing master
Influences Johannes Liechtenauer (?)
Genres Fencing manual
Language Early New High German
Notable work(s) New Zettel
Manuscript(s)
Concordance by Michael Chidester
Translations

Martin Syber (Mertin Siber, Martein Syber) was a 15th century German fencing master. Hardly anything is known of Syber beyond his New Zettel ("New Recital"). His surname signifies that he came from a family of sieve makers, but gives us no indication of his birthplace. According to Syber's own account, he learned the art from a variety of masters from across Europe, including men from Bohemia, Brabant (or possibly Provence), England, France, Germany, Greece, Holland, Hungary, Italy, Prussia, Russia, and Swabia. The inclusion of his Recital in Codex Speyer and the Glasgow Fechtbuch suggests a connection to the tradition of Johannes Liechtenauer, and his mention of an "earlier Zettel" is likely a reference to that of Liechtenauer; however, Syber does not appear on the roll of the Fellowship of Liechtenauer recorded by Paulus Kal in ca. 1470,[1] so the extent of his relationship is unclear.

Syber's Recital comes in the form a cryptic poem describing six Gänge, set sequences of strikes and parries. Unfortunately, no gloss is currently known to exist for Syber's verse, so its meaning is difficult to decipher. Conversely, it is worth noting that the 16th century Freifechter Joachim Meÿer not only had access to Syber's verse (which is included in his final manuscript),[2] but also employed much of the master's unique terminology in his own teachings. Meÿer may thus hold the key to interpreting Syber's techniques.

The Salzburg version of Syber's text is followed by an additional page of verse. This poem shares some common terminology with Syber's writings and has been attributed to Syber by some authors in the past,[3] but its omission from the other two versions of his text call this attribution into question. In addition, another version of the poem was included in one of Hans Talhoffer's manuscripts almost fifty years earlier,[4] which indicates that if Syber were indeed the author, his career must have been much earlier than currently believed.

Treatise

Complete Translation Complete translation
by Christian Trosclair

Complete Translation (Salzburg only) Complete translation
by Jeffrey Hull

Complete Translation (Salzburg only) Complete translation
by Jens P. Kleinau

Salzburg Version (1491) [edit]
by Dierk Hagedorn

Glasgow Version (1508) [edit]
by Dierk Hagedorn

Rostock Version (1570) [edit]
by Dierk Hagedorn

Nu hebt sich an dy vor rede vnd lere der zettell dar noch die sechß genng ~

Wer ere will erwerbenn
vor furstenn vnd vor herenn
Im vechtenn mit dem
Swertt
dz ist gutt vnd gerecht
der volge mÿner lere
der gesiget ymermere
dy sechß genng halt in hu°tt
die sintt gar prißlich gutt
in den woll begriffen ist
vil manges gutte~ meinsters list
auß Vngern Behem Ÿtalia
auß Franckrich Engellant vnd almania
auß rewßen Prewßen Gretia
Hollant Profant vnd Sweuia
In den soltu tretten linck
der verfurüng do by gedennck
In stichenn strarg dring
so mag dir wol geling
Sichstus venster offen stan
Si hinein gee dar von
schlag oder stich schnell
So magstu hartt geuell
in der arbeÿtt d vmb tritt
daß egeuertt mach mitt
Wiltu sie me hebenn an
ein ein starcken müstu han
Recht vernüfft ist auch gutt
von großem zornn [1v] dich behutt
zu sollicher versatzüng yn den pring
dar durch dir mag wol geling
In allem dinem vechten biß behende
dÿ vor lere hat ein ende ~

Der funfft ganck

Durch stich den langenn ortt
Zu°ck wider stich denn mortt
Den plintt haulb laß prellenn
So magtu gen wol wellenn
[2v] Heng wider also baldt
Hinder tritt wider schnall
Vff denn kopff in den bu°ch
So machstu auß im ein rechtenn gauch
In aller arbeitt vmb tritt
Das egeuertt mach mitt

Der funft gang hat funf stuck.

Durchstreich denn lanngenn ort,
tzuck, Widerstich denn mordt.
Denn Plinthaw las Prellenn,
so magstu genen wol fellenn
[41r] Heng wider also baldt,
hintertrit wider schnal.
Auff denn kopff in denn bauch,
so machst aus im ein Rechtenn gauch.
In aller arbeit vmbdrit,
das Egeuert mach mit.

Additional Resources

  • Hull, Jeffrey. "The Longsword Fight Lore of Mertin Siber." Masters of Medieval and Renaissance Martial Arts. Ed. Jeffrey Hull. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 2008. ISBN 978-1-58160-668-3

References

  1. The Fellowship of Liechtenauer is recorded in three versions of Paulus Kal's treatise: MS 1825 (1460s), Cgm 1570 (ca. 1470), and MS KK5126 (1480s).
  2. Meÿer, Joachim. Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss [manuscript]. MS Varia 82. Rostock, Germany: Universitätsbibliothek Rostock, 1570.
  3. Hull, Jeffrey. "Mertin Siber’s Longsword Fight-Lore of 1491 AD: a thesis on the Fechtlehre from Handschrift M I 29 (Codex Speyer) at the University of Salzburg in Austria". The Association for Renaissance Martial Arts, 2005. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  4. Talhoffer, Hans. Untitled [manuscript]. MS Thott 290.2º. Copenhagen, Denmark: Det Kongelige Bibliotek, 1459.
  5. alt: departure
  6. The Salzburg differs: Item. The hereafter written new recital Master Martin Syber had prepared and set-down and is a selection of many masterful applications and is partitioned and set down in six courses
  7. G & R omit
  8. G: previous
  9. R: previously illustrated
  10. zugehen is a synonym for zufechten here
  11. S: omitted
  12. alt: the hard
  13. mitmachen. alt: completes
  14. ehegefährt note: this is attacking in the vor.
  15. know-how
  16. alt: overwhelm; turn(away, aside), entwine, entangle, wrap
  17. alt: jab
  18. G & R: the
  19. alt: make the first-pass too
  20. alt: make the first-pass too
  21. G & R: half-parter
  22. alt: make the half-squinter too
  23. S: you
  24. alt: Force-out the shield in the strong
  25. alt: make the first-pass too
  26. R: Then make...
  27. alt: make the first-pass too
  28. G & R: Strike
  29. G & R: fail or fall
  30. G: down
  31. alt: as soon as. (just in time)
  32. alt: make the first-pass too
  33. alt: twisting
  34. G: your