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<!----------Image---------->
 
| image                = File:Johannes Liechtenauer.png
 
| image                = File:Johannes Liechtenauer.png
| width                = 250px
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| audience              =  
 
| audience              =  
| language              = [[language::Middle High German]]
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| language              = [[language::Early New High German]]
| date                  = Fourteenth century (?)
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| date                  = Fifteenth century (?)
 
| state of existence    =  
 
| state of existence    =  
 
<!----------Manuscript Information---------->
 
<!----------Manuscript Information---------->
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| archetype(s)          = Hypothetical
 
| archetype(s)          = Hypothetical
 
| manuscript(s)        = {{collapsible list
 
| manuscript(s)        = {{collapsible list
  | [[Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|MS 3227a]] (ca. 1400s)
+
  | [[Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|MS 3227a]] (ca. 1400s)
  | [[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|MS Chart.A.558]] (1443)
+
  | [[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|MS Chart.A.558]] (1448)
  | [[Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)|Cod.44.A.8]] (1452)
+
  | [[Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)|Cod.44.A.8]] (1452)
 
  | [[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Thott.290.2º)|MS Thott.290.2º]] (1459)
 
  | [[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Thott.290.2º)|MS Thott.290.2º]] (1459)
  | [[Wolfenbüttel Sketchbook (Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º)|Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º]] (ca. 1465-80)
+
  | [[Wolfenbüttel Picture Book (Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º)|Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º]] (ca. 1465-80)
 
  | [[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (Cgm 1507)|Cgm 1507]] (ca.1470)
 
  | [[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (Cgm 1507)|Cgm 1507]] (ca.1470)
 
  | [[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|MS KK5126]] (1480s)
 
  | [[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|MS KK5126]] (1480s)
  | [[Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)|MS M.I.29]] (1491)
+
  | [[Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)|MS M..29]] (1491)
 
  | [[Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)|MS Dresd.C.487]] (ca. 1504-19)
 
  | [[Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)|MS Dresd.C.487]] (ca. 1504-19)
 
  | [[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|MS Germ.Quart.2020]] (1510-20)
 
  | [[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|MS Germ.Quart.2020]] (1510-20)
 
  | [[Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)|MS 26-232]] (1512)
 
  | [[Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)|MS 26-232]] (1512)
 
  | [[Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cgm 3711)|Cgm 3711]] (1523)
 
  | [[Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cgm 3711)|Cgm 3711]] (1523)
  | [[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Cod.I.6.2º.2]] (1523)
+
  | [[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Cod..6.2º.2]] (1523)
 
  | [[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Reichsstadt Nr. 82]] (1553)
 
  | [[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Reichsstadt Nr. 82]] (1553)
 
  | [[Lienhart Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cgm 3712)|Cgm 3712]] (1556)
 
  | [[Lienhart Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cgm 3712)|Cgm 3712]] (1556)
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| below                =  
 
| below                =  
 
}}
 
}}
'''Johannes Liechtenauer''' (Hans Lichtenauer, Lichtnawer) was a [[nationality::German]] [[fencing master]] in the 14th or [[century::15th century]]. No direct record of his life or teachings currently exists, and all that we know of both comes from the writings of other masters and scholars. The only account of his life was written by the anonymous author of the [[Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|Nuremberg Hausbuch]], one of the oldest texts in the tradition, who stated that "Master Liechtenauer learnt and mastered the Art in a thorough and rightful way, but he did not invent and put together this Art (as was just stated). Instead, he traveled and searched many countries with the will of learning and mastering this rightful and true Art." He may have been alive at the time of the creation of the fencing treatise contained in the Nuremberg Hausbuch, as that source is the only one to fail to accompany his name with a blessing for the dead.
+
'''Johannes Liechtenauer''' (Hans Lichtenauer, Lichtnawer) was a [[nationality::German]] [[fencing master]] in the 14th or [[century::15th century]]. No direct record of his life or teachings currently exists, and all that we know of both comes from the writings of other masters and scholars. The only account of his life was written by the anonymous author of the [[Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|Pol Hausbuch]], one of the oldest texts in the tradition, who stated that "Master Liechtenauer learnt and mastered the Art in a thorough and rightful way, but he did not invent and put together this Art (as was just stated). Instead, he traveled and searched many countries with the will of learning and mastering this rightful and true Art." He may have been alive at the time of the creation of the fencing treatise contained in the Pol Hausbuch, as that source is the only one to fail to accompany his name with a blessing for the dead.
  
 
Liechtenauer was described by many later masters as the "high master" or "grand master" of the art, and a long poem called the ''Zettel'' ("Recital") is generally attributed to him by these masters. Later masters in the tradition often wrote extensive [[gloss]]es (commentaries) on this poem, using it to structure their own martial teachings. Liechtenauer's influence on the German fencing tradition as we currently understand it is almost impossible to overstate. The masters on [[Paulus Kal]]'s roll of the [[Fellowship of Liechtenauer]] were responsible for most of the most significant fencing manuals of the 15th century, and Liechtenauer and his teachings were also the focus of the German fencing guilds that arose in the 15th and 16th centuries, including the [[Marxbrüder]] and the [[Veiterfechter]].
 
Liechtenauer was described by many later masters as the "high master" or "grand master" of the art, and a long poem called the ''Zettel'' ("Recital") is generally attributed to him by these masters. Later masters in the tradition often wrote extensive [[gloss]]es (commentaries) on this poem, using it to structure their own martial teachings. Liechtenauer's influence on the German fencing tradition as we currently understand it is almost impossible to overstate. The masters on [[Paulus Kal]]'s roll of the [[Fellowship of Liechtenauer]] were responsible for most of the most significant fencing manuals of the 15th century, and Liechtenauer and his teachings were also the focus of the German fencing guilds that arose in the 15th and 16th centuries, including the [[Marxbrüder]] and the [[Veiterfechter]].
  
Additional facts have sometimes been presumed about Liechtenauer based on often-problematic premises. The Nuremberg Hausbuch, often erroneously dated to 1389 and presumed to be written by a direct student of Liechtenauer's, has been treated as evidence placing Liechtenauer's career in the mid-1300s.<ref>[[Christian Henry Tobler]]. "Chicken and Eggs: Which Master Came First?" ''In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts''. Wheaton, IL: [[Freelance Academy Press]], 2010. p6</ref> However, given that the Nuremberg Hausbuch may date as late as 1494 and the earliest records of the identifiable members of his tradition appear in the early 1400s, it seems more probable that Liechtenauer's career occurred toward the beginning of the 15th century. Ignoring the Nuremberg Hausbuch as being of indeterminate date, the oldest version of the Recital appears in the [[Modus Dimicandi (MS G.B.f.18.a)|MS G.B.f.18.a]], dating to ca. 1418-28 and attributed to an [[H. Beringer]], which both conforms to this timeline and suggests the possibility that Liechtenauer was himself an inheritor of the teaching rather than its original composer (presentations of the Recital that are entirely unattributed exist in other 15th and 16th century manuscripts).
+
Additional facts have sometimes been presumed about Liechtenauer based on often-problematic premises. The Pol Hausbuch, often erroneously dated to 1389 and presumed to be written by a direct student of Liechtenauer's, has been treated as evidence placing Liechtenauer's career in the mid-1300s.<ref>[[Christian Henry Tobler]]. "Chicken and Eggs: Which Master Came First?" ''In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts''. Wheaton, IL: [[Freelance Academy Press]], 2010. p6</ref> However, given that the Pol Hausbuch may date as late as 1494 and the earliest records of the identifiable members of his tradition appear in the mid 1400s, it seems more probable that Liechtenauer's career occurred toward the beginning of the 15th century. Ignoring the Pol Hausbuch as being of indeterminate date, the oldest version of the Recital that is attributed to Liechtenauer was recorded by [[Hans Talhoffer]] in the [[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|MS Chart.A.558]] (ca. 1448), which further supports this timeline.<ref>There is one version of the Recital that predates Talhoffer's, recorded in [[Modus Dimicandi (MS G.B.f.18a)|MS G.B.f.18a]] (ca. 1418-28) and attributed to an [[H. Beringer]]; this also conforms to a 15th century timeline and suggests the possibility that Liechtenauer was himself an inheritor of the teachings contained in the Zettel rather than its original composer (presentations of the Recital that are entirely unattributed exist in other 15th and 16th century manuscripts). Alternatively, the Beringer verse, which includes only portions of the Recital on the Long Sword, may represent just one of the teachings that Liechtenauer received and compiled over the course of the journeys described in 3227a.</ref>
  
 
== Treatise ==
 
== Treatise ==
  
Liechtenauer's teachings are preserved in a long poem of rhyming couplets called the ''Zettel'' ("Recital"). These "obscure and cryptic words" were designed to prevent the uninitiated from learning the techniques they represented; they also seem to have offered a system of mnemonic devices to those who understood their significance. The Recital was treated as the core of the Art by his students, and masters such as [[Sigmund ain Ringeck]], [[Peter von Danzig zum Ingolstadt]], and [[Jud Lew]] wrote extensive [[gloss]]es that sought to clarify and expand upon these teachings.
+
Liechtenauer's teachings are preserved in a long poem of rhyming couplets called the ''Zettel'' ("Recital"), covering fencing with the "long" or extended sword (i.e. with both hands at one end of the sword), the "short" or withdrawn sword (i.e. with one hand at either end), and on horseback. These "obscure and cryptic words" were designed to prevent the uninitiated from learning the techniques they represented; they also seem to have offered a system of mnemonic devices to those who understood their significance. The Recital was treated as the core of the Art by his students, and masters such as [[Sigmund ain Ringeck]], [[Peter von Danzig zum Ingolstadt]], and [[Lew]] wrote extensive [[gloss]]es that sought to clarify and expand upon these teachings.
  
Seventeen manuscripts contain a presentation of at least one section of the Recital as a distinct (unglossed) section; there are dozens more presentations of the verse as part of one of the several glosses. The longest version of the Recital by far is found in the gloss from the [[Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|Nuremberg Hausbuch]], which contains almost twice as many verses as any other. However, given that the additional verses tend to either consist of repetitions from elsewhere in the Recital or use a very different style from Liechtenauer's work, they are generally treated as additions by the anonymous author or his instructor rather than being part of the standard Recital. The other surviving versions of the Recital from all periods show a high degree of consistency in both content and organization, excepting only the version attributed to Beringer (which is also included in the writings of [[Hans Folz]]).
+
In addition to the verses on mounted fencing, several treatises in the Liechtenauer tradition include a group of twenty-six "figures" (''figuren'')—phrases that are shorter than Liechtenauer's couplets and often arranged into the format of a Medieval tree diagram. These figures seem to encode the same teachings as the verses of the mounted fencing, and both are quoted in the mounted glosses. However, figures follow a very different structure than the Zettel does, and seem to present an alternative sequence for studying Liechtneauer's techniques. It is not known why the mounted fencing is the only section of the Recital to receive figures in addition to verse.
  
The following concordance tables include only those texts that quote Liechtenauer's Recital in an unglossed form.<ref>A fragment of the short sword is often given as a preamble to the [[short sword]] teachings of [[Martin Huntfeltz]], and the figures for the [[gloss]] of [[Jud Lew]], but those instances will not be included below and instead treated as part of said treatises.</ref> Most manuscripts present the Recital as prose, and those have had the text separated out into the original verses to offer a consistent view. For ease of use, this page breaks the general Wiktenauer rule that column format remain consistent across all tables on a page; the sheer number of Liechtenauer sources made this convention entirely unworkable, so instead the long sword table uses one layout, the mounted and short sword tables use another, and the figures use a third.
+
Seventeen manuscripts contain a presentation of at least one section of the Recital as a distinct (unglossed) section; there are dozens more presentations of the verse as part of one of the several glosses. The longest version of the Recital by far is actually found in one of these glosses, that of the [[Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|Pol Hausbuch]], which contains almost twice as many verses as any other; however, given that the additional verses tend to either consist of repetitions from elsewhere in the Recital or use a very different style from Liechtenauer's work, they are generally treated as additions by the anonymous author or his instructor rather than being part of the original Recital. The other surviving versions of the Recital from all periods show a high degree of consistency in both content and organization, excepting only that attributed to Beringer (which is also included in the writings of [[Hans Folz]]).
 +
 
 +
The following concordance tables include only those texts that quote Liechtenauer's Recital in an unglossed form.<ref>The figures are often given as a preamble for the [[gloss]] of [[Lew]], and a fragment of the short sword to the teachings of [[Martin Huntsfeld]], but those instances will not be included below and instead treated as part of those treatises.</ref> Most manuscripts present the Recital as prose, and those have had the text separated out into the original verses to offer a consistent view. For ease of use, this page breaks the general Wiktenauer rule that column format remain consistent across all tables on a page; the sheer number of Liechtenauer sources made this convention entirely unworkable, with more columns empty than filled, so instead the long sword table uses one layout, the mounted and short sword tables use another, and the figures use a third.
  
 
{{master begin
 
{{master begin
 
   | title = Long Sword
 
   | title = Long Sword
   | width = 423em
+
   | width = 480em
 
}}
 
}}
 
<section begin="credits"/>
 
<section begin="credits"/>
{| class="floated master"
+
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! style="width:31em;" | <p>{{rating|A|Featured Translation (from the Rome)}}<br/>Rome Version by [[Christian Tobler]]</p>
+
! <p>{{rating|A|Featured Translation (from the Rome)}}<br/>Rome Version by [[Christian Tobler]]</p>
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|Gotha Transcription]] (1443){{edit index|Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|Gotha Transcription]] (1448){{edit index|Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Transcription]] (1452){{edit index|Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Transcription]] (1452){{edit index|Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Thott.290.2º)|Copenhagen Transcription]] (1459){{edit index|Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Thott.290.2º)}}<br/>by [[Dieter Bachmann]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Thott.290.2º)|Copenhagen Transcription]] (1459){{edit index|Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Thott.290.2º)}}<br/>by [[Dieter Bachmann]]</p>
! <p>[[Wolfenbüttel Sketchbook (Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º)|Wolfenbüttel I Transcription]] (ca. 1465-80){{edit index|Wolfenbüttel Sketchbook (Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Wolfenbüttel Picture Book (Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º)|Wolfenbüttel Transcription]] (ca. 1465-80){{edit index|Wolfenbüttel Picture Book (Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (Cgm 1507)|Munich I Transcription]] (ca. 1470){{edit index|Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (Cgm 1507)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (Cgm 1507)|Munich Transcription]] (ca. 1470){{edit index|Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (Cgm 1507)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|Vienna Transcription]] (1480s){{edit index|Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|Vienna Transcription]] (1480s){{edit index|Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)|Dresden Transcription]] (ca. 1504-19){{edit index|Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)|Dresden Transcription]] A (ca. 1504-19){{edit index|Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 +
! <p>[[Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)|Dresden Transcription]] B (ca. 1504-19){{edit index|Johan Liechtnawers Fechtbuch geschriebenn (MS Dresd.C.487)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Krakow Transcription]] (1510-20){{edit index|Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)}}<br/>by [[Grzegorz Żabiński]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Krakow Transcription]] (1510-20){{edit index|Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)}}<br/>by [[Grzegorz Żabiński]]</p>
! <p>[[Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cgm 3711)|Munich II Transcription]] (1523){{edit index|Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cgm 3711)}}<br/>by [[Filip Lampart]] and [[Martin Fabian]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cgm 3711)|Munich Transcription]] (1523){{edit index|Jörg Wilhalm Hutters kunst zu Augspurg (Cgm 3711)}}<br/>by [[Filip Lampart]] and [[Martin Fabian]]</p>
! <p>[[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Augsburg I Transcription]] (1523){{edit index|Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)|Augsburg Transcription]] (1523){{edit index|Hutter/Sollinger Fechtbuch (Cod.I.6.2º.2)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Gregor Erhart Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.354)|Glasgow Transcription]] (1533){{edit index|Gregor Erhart Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.354)}}<br/></p>
 
! <p>[[Gregor Erhart Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.354)|Glasgow Transcription]] (1533){{edit index|Gregor Erhart Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.354)}}<br/></p>
! <p>[[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Augsburg II Transcription]] (1553){{edit index|Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)}}<br/>by [[Werner Ueberschär]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Augsburg Transcription]] (1553){{edit index|Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)}}<br/>by [[Werner Ueberschär]]</p>
! <p>[[Maister Liechtenawers Kunstbuech (Cgm 3712)|Munich III Transcription]] (1556){{edit index|Maister Liechtenawers Kunstbuech (Cgm 3712)}}<br/></p><br/>
+
! <p>[[Maister Liechtenawers Kunstbuech (Cgm 3712)|Munich Transcription]] (1556){{edit index|Maister Liechtenawers Kunstbuech (Cgm 3712)}}<br/></p><br/>
! <p>[[Künnst zu fechten vonn dem Lienhartt Sollinger (Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º)|Wolfenbüttel II Transcription]] (ca. 1588){{edit index|Künnst zu fechten vonn dem Lienhartt Sollinger (Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º)}}<br/>by [[Kevin Maurer]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Künnst zu fechten vonn dem Lienhartt Sollinger (Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º)|Wolfenbüttel Transcription]] (ca. 1588){{edit index|Künnst zu fechten vonn dem Lienhartt Sollinger (Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º)}}<br/>by [[Kevin Maurer]]</p>
 
<section end="credits"/>
 
<section end="credits"/>
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <p>{{red|b=1|Here begins the epitome on the knightly art of combat that was composed and created by Johannes Liechtenauer, who was a great master in the art, God have mercy on him;}}</p>
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Here begins the epitome on the knightly art of combat that was composed and created by Johannes Liechtenauer, who was a great master in the art, God have mercy on him;}}<br/><br/></p>
  
 
<p>first with the long sword, then with the lance and sword on horseback, and then with the short sword in armoured combat. Because the art belongs to princes and lords, knights and squires, and they should know and learn this art, he has written of this art in hidden and secret words, so that not everyone will grasp and understand it, as you will find described below. And he has done this on account of frivolous fight masters who mistake the art as trivial, so that such masters will not make his art common or open with people who do not hold the art in respect as is its due.</p>
 
<p>first with the long sword, then with the lance and sword on horseback, and then with the short sword in armoured combat. Because the art belongs to princes and lords, knights and squires, and they should know and learn this art, he has written of this art in hidden and secret words, so that not everyone will grasp and understand it, as you will find described below. And he has done this on account of frivolous fight masters who mistake the art as trivial, so that such masters will not make his art common or open with people who do not hold the art in respect as is its due.</p>
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|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 003v.png|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 004r.png|1|lbl=04r|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 004v.png|1|lbl=04v|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 003v.png|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 004r.png|1|lbl=04r|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 004v.png|1|lbl=04v|p=1}}
 +
|
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 001r.jpg|1|lbl=01r|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 001v.jpg|1|lbl=01v|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 001r.jpg|1|lbl=01r|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 001v.jpg|1|lbl=01v|p=1}}
Line 255: Line 261:
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 003v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|1|lbl=4r|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 003v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|1|lbl=4r|p=1}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 002v.jpg|1|lbl=2v}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 002v.jpg|1|lbl=2v}}
 
| <p><br/><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/><br/></p>
  
Line 264: Line 270:
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 104v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 104v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 004v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 004v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 001v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 001v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 43r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 43r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
Line 294: Line 301:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 018v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 018v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 002v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 002v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 304: Line 311:
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 004v.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005r.png|1|lbl=05r|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 004v.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005r.png|1|lbl=05r|p=1}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 055v.png|3|lbl=55v|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056r.png|1|lbl=56r|p=1}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 001v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 001v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
  
Line 337: Line 347:
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
{{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 002v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
+
{{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 002v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 348: Line 358:
  
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
<p><br/><br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056r.png|2|lbl=-|p=1}}</p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 379: Line 392:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019r.jpg|1|lbl=19r}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019r.jpg|1|lbl=19r}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 003r.jpg|1|lbl=3r}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 003r.jpg|1|lbl=3r}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 389: Line 402:
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005r.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005v.png|1|lbl=05v|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005r.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005v.png|1|lbl=05v|p=1}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056r.png|3|lbl=-}}
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 002r.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 002v.jpg|1|lbl=02v|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 002r.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 002v.jpg|1|lbl=02v|p=1}}
Line 417: Line 433:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 003r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 003r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 428: Line 444:
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 104v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 104v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056r.png|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 002v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 002v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 43v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 43v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
Line 466: Line 485:
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|6|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|1|lbl=4v|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004r.jpg|6|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|1|lbl=4v|p=1}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 003r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 003r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 478: Line 497:
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005v.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006r.png|1|lbl=06r|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 005v.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006r.png|1|lbl=06r|p=1}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056r.png|5|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056v.png|1|lbl=56v|p=1}}
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 002v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003r.jpg|1|lbl=03r|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 002v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003r.jpg|1|lbl=03r|p=1}}
Line 504: Line 526:
 
| <small>52</small>
 
| <small>52</small>
 
| He who thwarts well<br/>&emsp;with springing he endangers the head.
 
| He who thwarts well<br/>&emsp;with springing he endangers the head.
|}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 003v.jpg|1|lbl=3v}}
 
| <p><br/><br/></p>
 
 
{{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º IIIr.png|9|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º IIIv.png|1|lbl=IIIv|p=1}}
 
|
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 104v.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 43v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 42bv.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
|
 
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 015v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
|
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º 048v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
<section end="Twerhaw"/><section begin="Fehler"/>
 
|-
 
|
 
{| class="zettel"
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| <small>53</small>
 
| <small>53</small>
Line 541: Line 542:
 
| Twice further on,<br/>&emsp;step to the left and do not be slow.
 
| Twice further on,<br/>&emsp;step to the left and do not be slow.
 
|}
 
|}
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 003v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º IIIv.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/><br/><br/><br/>{{paget|Page:Cgm 1507|67r|jpg|p=1}}</p>
 
 
|  
 
|  
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 104v.jpg|11|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|1|lbl=105r|p=1}}
+
{{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019r.jpg|4|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019r.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}}
 
|  
 
|  
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006r.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006v.png|1|lbl=06v|p=1}}
+
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}}
 
|  
 
|  
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003r.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003v.jpg|1|lbl=03v|p=1}}
+
{{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 003v.jpg|1|lbl=3v|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Thott.290.003v.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}}
 +
| <p><br/><br/></p>
 +
 
 +
{{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º IIIr.png|9|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º IIIv.png|1|lbl=Ⅲv|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º IIIv.png|2|lbl=-|p=1}}
 +
| <p><br/><br/></p>
 +
 
 +
<p><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/>{{paget|Page:Cgm 1507|67r|jpg|p=1}}</p>
 
|  
 
|  
{{section|Page:Cgm 3711 43v.jpg|6|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44r.jpg|1|lbl=44r|p=1}}
+
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 104v.jpg|10|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS KK5126 104v.jpg|11|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|1|lbl=105r|p=1}}
| {{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 42bv.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
+
|
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006r.png|2|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006r.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006v.png|1|lbl=06v|p=1}}
 +
| <p><br/><br/></p>
 +
 
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056v.png|2|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/><br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056v.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}}
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003r.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003r.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003v.jpg|1|lbl=03v|p=1}}
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Cgm 3711 43v.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cgm 3711 43v.jpg|6|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44r.jpg|1|lbl=44r|p=1}}
 +
|  
 +
{{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 42bv.jpg|4|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 42bv.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}}
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 015v.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 015v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}}
 
|  
 
|  
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 015v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
 
|  
 
|  
| {{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º 048v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
+
{{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º 048v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º 048v.jpg|4|lbl=-|p=1}}
<section end="Fehler"/><section begin="Schilhaw"/>
+
<section end="Twerhaw"/><section begin="Schilhaw"/>
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| <p>{{red|b=1|The Squinting Stroke}}</p>
 
| <p>{{red|b=1|The Squinting Stroke}}</p>
Line 583: Line 597:
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
|  
 
|  
{{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 003v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<ref>Talhoffer adds an additional couplet: {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 004r.jpg|1|lbl=4r|p=1}}</ref>
+
{{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 003v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<ref>Talhoffer adds an additional couplet: {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 004r.jpg|1|lbl=4r|p=1}}</ref>
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 590: Line 604:
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056v.png|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
Line 621: Line 638:
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|1|lbl=5r|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 004v.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|1|lbl=5r|p=1}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 004r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 004r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 631: Line 648:
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006v.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007r.png|1|lbl=07r|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 006v.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007r.png|1|lbl=07r|p=1}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056v.png|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 003v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
  
Line 655: Line 675:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 004r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 004r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 664: Line 684:
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056v.png|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 004r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 004r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
Line 694: Line 717:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 004r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 004r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 702: Line 725:
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007r.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007v.png|1|lbl=07v|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007r.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007v.png|1|lbl=07v|p=1}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 056v.png|7|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 057r.png|1|lbl=57r|p=1}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 004r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 004r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
  
Line 734: Line 760:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 019v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|1|lbl=4v}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|1|lbl=4v}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 740: Line 766:
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
{{paget|Page:Cgm 1507|65v|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:Cgm 1507|69r|jpg|p=1}}
+
<br/><br/>{{paget|Page:Cgm 1507|69r|jpg|p=1}}<br/><br/><br/><br/><br/>{{paget|Page:Cgm 1507|65v|jpg|p=1}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 007v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 057r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 004v.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005r.jpg|1|lbl=05r|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 004v.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005r.jpg|1|lbl=05r|p=1}}
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 43r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 43r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
|  
 
|  
Line 769: Line 798:
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|1|lbl=5v|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005r.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|1|lbl=5v|p=1}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 778: Line 807:
  
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008r.png|1|lbl=08r}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008r.png|1|lbl=08r}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 057r.png|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|1|lbl=44v}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|1|lbl=44v}}
Line 804: Line 836:
 
{{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 811: Line 843:
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 057r.png|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
Line 832: Line 867:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 841: Line 876:
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008r.png|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008r.png|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 057r.png|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005v.jpg|1|lbl=05v}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005v.jpg|1|lbl=05v}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
Line 866: Line 904:
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
|  
 
|  
{{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|1|lbl=5r|p=1}}
+
{{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 004v.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|1|lbl=5r|p=1}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 873: Line 911:
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008v.png|1|lbl=08v}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008v.png|1|lbl=08v}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
<p><br/><br/><br/><br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 057r.png|6|lbl=-|p=1}}</p>
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
Line 894: Line 935:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 901: Line 942:
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008v.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
<p><br/><br/>{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 057r.png|7|lbl=-|p=1}}</p>
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 005v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
  
Line 926: Line 970:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 005v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 937: Line 981:
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008v.png|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 008v.png|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 057r.png|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
Line 957: Line 1,004:
  
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006r.jpg|1|lbl=6r}}
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006r.jpg|1|lbl=6r}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 966: Line 1,013:
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|13|lbl=-}}
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|13|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 009r.png|1|lbl=09r}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 009r.png|1|lbl=09r}}
 +
|
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
Line 987: Line 1,035:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020r.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 994: Line 1,042:
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|14|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|14|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 009r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 009r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006v.jpg|1|lbl=06v}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006v.jpg|1|lbl=06v}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 44v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
Line 1,022: Line 1,071:
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
|  
 
|  
{{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|6|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 005v.jpg|1|lbl=5v|p=1}}
+
{{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 005r.jpg|6|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 005v.jpg|1|lbl=5v|p=1}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
Line 1,033: Line 1,082:
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|15|lbl=-}}
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|15|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 009r.png|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 009r.png|3|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 45r.jpg|1|lbl=45r}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 45r.jpg|1|lbl=45r}}
Line 1,072: Line 1,122:
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 020v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 005v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 005v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/><br/></p>
  
Line 1,079: Line 1,129:
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|16|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105r.jpg|16|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 009v.png|1|lbl=09v}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 009v.png|1|lbl=09v}}
 +
|
 
|  
 
|  
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 007r.jpg|1|lbl=07r|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 006v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 007r.jpg|1|lbl=07r|p=1}}
Line 1,090: Line 1,141:
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| Thus ends Master Liechtenauer's Art of the Long Sword
+
| class="noline" | Thus ends Master Liechtenauer's Art of the Long Sword
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| {{section|Page:Ms.Thott.290.2º 005v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
+
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS Thott.290.2º 005v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º IIIv.png|18|lbl=-}}
+
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.78.2 Aug.2º IIIv.png|18|lbl=-}}
|  
+
| class="noline" |
|
+
| class="noline" |  
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 007r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| class="noline" |  
| {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 45r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
+
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 007r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
| {{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 44r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Cgm 3711 45r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
|  
+
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Cod.I.6.2º.2 44r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| {{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º 049v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
+
| class="noline" |  
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Cod.Guelf.38.21 Aug.2º 049v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
  
 
|}
 
|}
 
{{master end}}
 
{{master end}}
 
 
{{master begin
 
{{master begin
 
   | title = Mounted Fencing
 
   | title = Mounted Fencing
   | width = 283em
+
   | width = 300em
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="floated master"
+
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! style="width:31em;" | <p>{{rating|A}}<br/>Rome Version by [[Christian Tobler]]</p>
+
! <p>{{rating|A}}<br/>Rome Version by [[Christian Tobler]]</p>
! <p>[[Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|Nuremberg Transcription]] (1400s){{edit index|Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|Nuremberg Transcription]] (1400s){{edit index|Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|Gotha Transcription]] (1443){{edit index|Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|Gotha Transcription]] (1448){{edit index|Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Transcription]] (1452){{edit index|Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Transcription]] (1452){{edit index|Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|Vienna Transcription I]] (1480s){{edit index|Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|Vienna Transcription]] (1480s){{edit index|Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)|Salzburg Transcription]] (1491){{edit index|Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)|Salzburg Transcription]] (1491){{edit index|Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Krakow Transcription]] (1510-20){{edit index|Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)}}<br/>by [[Per Magnus Haaland]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Krakow Transcription]] (1510-20){{edit index|Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)}}<br/>by [[Per Magnus Haaland]]</p>
! <p>[[Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)|Vienna Transcription II]] (1512){{edit index|Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)|Vienna Transcription]] (1512){{edit index|Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Augsburg Transcription II]] (1553){{edit index|Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)}}<br/></p>
+
! <p>[[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Augsburg Transcription]] (1553){{edit index|Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)}}<br/>by [[Werner Ueberschär]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|Rostock Transcription]] (1570-71){{edit index|Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|Rostock Transcription]] (1570-71){{edit index|Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
  
Line 1,135: Line 1,186:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017r.jpg|4|lbl=017r}}
+
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017r.jpg|4|lbl=17r}}
 
|  
 
|  
  
Line 1,191: Line 1,242:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| <small>4</small>
 
| <small>4</small>
| Grasp to his right<br/>&emsp;thus you catch him without weapons work
+
| Grasp to his right<br/>&emsp;Thus you catch him without weapons work
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| <small>5</small>
 
| <small>5</small>
 
| The fighting of lance-thrusting<br/>&emsp;Learn to counter calmly without haste
 
| The fighting of lance-thrusting<br/>&emsp;Learn to counter calmly without haste
 +
 +
|}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 53r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 021av.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006v.jpg|1|lbl=06v}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|1|lbl=105v}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 163r.jpg|1|lbl=163r}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
|
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
|  
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| {{paget|Page:MS 3227a|53v|jpg}}
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
|  
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
{| class="zettel"
 
 
|-
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
 
 
 
|-
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
 
 
 
|-
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
 
 
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| <small>6</small>
 
| <small>6</small>
Line 1,229: Line 1,286:
 
| And remember: learn well to strongly defend<br/>&emsp;In all meetings, press him without danger
 
| And remember: learn well to strongly defend<br/>&emsp;In all meetings, press him without danger
  
 +
|}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 55r.jpg|1|lbl=55r}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 021av.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 163r.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 163v.jpg|1|lbl=163v|p=1}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017v.jpg|1|lbl=17v}}
 +
|
 +
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
{| class="zettel"
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| <small>9</small>
 
| <small>9</small>
| plant upon without danger<br/>&emsp;Who grazes, hang to him to the hair
+
| Plant upon without danger<br/>&emsp;Who grazes, hang to him to the hair
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| <small>10</small>
 
| <small>10</small>
| If you want to calmly<br/>&emsp;charge long, this troubles greatly
+
| If you want to calmly<br/>&emsp;Charge long, this troubles greatly
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
Line 1,247: Line 1,319:
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| <small>13</small>
 
| <small>13</small>
| Be mindful of the openings<br/>&emsp;search for the Messer, do not tend to the pommel
+
| Be mindful of the openings<br/>&emsp;Search for the Messer, do not tend to the pommel
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
Line 1,257: Line 1,329:
 
| Learn two strokes<br/>&emsp;With the empty hand against the weapon
 
| Learn two strokes<br/>&emsp;With the empty hand against the weapon
  
|-  
+
|}
| &nbsp;
+
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 55r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 021av.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 163v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
|  
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
|  
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 55r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
|  
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 55r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
|  
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 55r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
|  
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
{| class="zettel"
 
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>15</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| The Sheep Grip fends off<br/>&emsp;Him who turns to you with wrestling.
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>16</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| While under the eyes<br/>&emsp;Grasp him truly with flying
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>17</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| Who attacks you<br/>&emsp;While riding towards you will be felled
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>18</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| Hanging to the ground<br/>&emsp;Grasp over against him truly with conduct
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>19</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| To both sides<br/>&emsp;You should learn to ride against him
 +
 
 +
|}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 57v.jpg|1|lbl=57v}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 021av.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 163v.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 164r.jpg|1|lbl=164r|p=1}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
|
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
|  
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
{| class="zettel"
 +
|-
 +
| <small>20</small>
 +
| If you want to ride<br/>&emsp;The horse run to the other side
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>21</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| Defend strongly<br/>&emsp;Plant upon him threaten him with this
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>22</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| Who defends against that<br/>&emsp;Grasp his sword from afar, get to the handle
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>23</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| Or turn around<br/>&emsp;To calmly charge for the weapon
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>24</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| With all skill<br/>&emsp;He who charges acts to his advantage
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>15</small>
+
| <small>25</small>
| The Sheep Grip fends off<br/>&emsp;him who turns to you with wrestling.
+
| If you have charged past him<br/>&emsp;And unintentionally charge to the left
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>16</small>
+
| <small>26</small>
| While under the eyes<br/>&emsp;Grasp him truly with flying
+
| Follow his sword upwards<br/>&emsp;And wrestle, push also hard
  
|-  
+
|}
| <small>17</small>
+
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 58r.jpg|1|lbl=58r}}
| Who attacks you<br/>&emsp;While riding towards you will be felled
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 021av.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 006v.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007r.jpg|1|lbl=07r|p=1}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 164r.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 164v.jpg|1|lbl=164v|p=1}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
|  
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>18</small>
+
|  
| Hanging to the ground<br/>&emsp;Grasp over against him truly with conduct
+
{| class="zettel"
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>19</small>
+
| <small>27</small>
| To both sides<br/>&emsp;You should learn to ride against him
+
| If one charges on the right<br/>&emsp;Stop; turn around; tend to the fight
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>28</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| With the arm catch<br/>&emsp;Thus he cannot manage to harm you
  
|-  
+
|}
| <small>20</small>
+
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 58v.jpg|1|lbl=58v}}
| If you want to ride<br/>&emsp;The horse run to the other side
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 021av.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 164v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
|  
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
|
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>21</small>
+
|  
| Defend strongly<br/>&emsp;Plant upon him threaten him with this
+
{| class="zettel"
 
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>22</small>
+
| <small>29</small>
| Who defends against that<br/>&emsp;Grasp his sword from afar, get to the handle
+
| The messer take<br/>&emsp;Hold, learn to shame him
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>23</small>
+
| <small>30</small>
| Or turn around<br/>&emsp;To calmly charge for the weapon
+
| The Unnamed<br/>&emsp;Against the strong to turn
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>24</small>
+
| <small>31</small>
| With all skill<br/>&emsp;He who charges acts to his advantage
+
| Their strike, their thrust<br/>&emsp;Is being defeated without any fencing
  
|-  
+
|}
| <small>25</small>
+
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 58v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
| If you have charged past him<br/>&emsp;And unintentionally charge to the left
+
|
 +
{{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 021av.jpg|8|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 022r.jpg|1|lbl=22r|p=1}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 164v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 +
|  
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>26</small>
+
|  
| Follow his sword upwards<br/>&emsp;And wrestle, push also hard
+
{| class="zettel"
 
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>27</small>
+
| <small>32</small>
| If one charges on the right<br/>&emsp;Stop; turn around; tend to the fight
+
| If you want to grasp<br/>&emsp;You should not fail to ride beside him
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>28</small>
+
| <small>33</small>
| With the arm catch<br/>&emsp;Thus he cannot manage to harm you
+
| The Sun Pointer<br/>&emsp;Take the left sleeve if you want to bend
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| &nbsp;
+
| <small>34</small>
| &nbsp;<br/>&nbsp;
+
| Touch the forehead<br/>&emsp;Against the nape of the neck press very hard
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>29</small>
+
| <small>35</small>
| The messer take<br/>&emsp;Hold, learn to shame him
+
| So that he sways<br/>&emsp;And rarely makes it up again.
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>30</small>
+
| <small>36</small>
| The Unnamed<br/>&emsp;Against the strong to turn
+
| Who attacks you with that<br/>&emsp;Grasp over against him and he will be shamed
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>31</small>
+
| <small>37</small>
| Their strike, their thrust<br/>&emsp;Is being defeated without any fencing
+
| Press the arm to the head<br/>&emsp;This grip often robs the saddle
  
|-  
+
|}
| <small>32</small>
+
| {{section|Page:MS 3227a 59r.jpg|1|lbl=59r}}
| If you want to grasp<br/>&emsp;you should not fail to ride beside him
+
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 022r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 164v.jpg|4|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165r.jpg|1|lbl=165r|p=1}}
 +
|
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|1|lbl=18r}}
 +
|  
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>33</small>
+
| class="noline" |
| The Sun Pointer<br/>&emsp;Take the left sleeve if you want to bend
+
{| class="zettel"
 
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>34</small>
+
| <small>38</small>
| touch the forehead<br/>&emsp;Against the nape of the neck press very hard
+
| If you want to retain yourself<br/>&emsp;From seizing
 
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>35</small>
+
| <small>39</small>
| So that he sways<br/>&emsp;And rarely makes it up again.
+
| Then take him into custody without wrestling<br/>&emsp;Without any rope
 
 
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <small>36</small>
+
| <small>40</small>
| Who attacks you with that<br/>&emsp;Grasp over against him and he will be shamed
+
| The Before Grip remember<br/>&emsp;This indeed breaks his strength
 +
|}
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS 3227a 59r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 022r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 007r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| class="noline" |
  
|-
+
|}
| <small>37</small>
+
{{master end}}
| Press the arm to the head<br/>&emsp;This grip often robs the saddle
 
 
 
|-
 
| <small>38</small>
 
| If you want to retain yourself<br/>&emsp;from seizing
 
 
 
|-
 
| <small>39</small>
 
| then take him into custody without wrestling<br/>&emsp;without any rope
 
 
 
|-
 
| <small>40</small>
 
| The Before Grip remember<br/>&emsp;This indeed breaks his strength
 
 
 
|}
 
|
 
{{section|Page:MS 3227a 53r.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|55r|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|57v|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|58r|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|58v|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|59r|jpg|p=1}}
 
|
 
{{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 021av.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{paget|Page:MS Chart.A.558|022r|jpg|p=1}}
 
|
 
{{paget|Page:Cod.44.A.8|006v|jpg|p=1}} {{paget|Page:Cod.44.A.8|007r|jpg|p=1}}
 
|
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|1|lbl=105v}}
 
|
 
|
 
{{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|163r|jpg|p=1}} {{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|163v|jpg|p=1}} {{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|164r|jpg|p=1}} {{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|164v|jpg|p=1}} {{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|165r|jpg|p=1}}
 
|
 
|
 
{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 017r.jpg|5|lbl=17r}}
 
 
 
{{paget|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82|017v|jpg|lbl=17v}}
 
 
 
{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|1|lbl=18r}}
 
 
 
{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
|
 
 
 
|}
 
{{master end}}
 
  
 
{{master begin
 
{{master begin
 
   | title = Short Sword
 
   | title = Short Sword
   | width = 283em
+
   | width = 300em
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="floated master"
+
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! style="width:31em;" | <p>{{rating|A}}<br/>Rome Version by [[Christian Tobler]]</p>
+
! <p>{{rating|A}}<br/>Rome Version by [[Christian Tobler]]</p>
! <p>[[Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|Nuremberg Transcription]] (1400s){{edit index|Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a)|Nuremberg Transcription]] (1400s){{edit index|Pol Hausbuch (MS 3227a)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|Gotha Transcription]] (1443){{edit index|Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|Gotha Transcription]] (1448){{edit index|Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Transcription]] (1452){{edit index|Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Transcription]] (1452){{edit index|Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|Vienna Transcription I]] (1480s){{edit index|Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|Vienna Transcription]] (1480s){{edit index|Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)|Salzburg Transcription]] (1491){{edit index|Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)|Salzburg Transcription]] (1491){{edit index|Codex Speyer (MS M.I.29)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Krakow Transcription]] (1510-20){{edit index|Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)}}<br/></p>
+
! <p>[[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Krakow Transcription]] (1510-20){{edit index|Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
! <p>[[Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)|Vienna Transcription II]] (1512){{edit index|Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)|Vienna Transcription]] (1512){{edit index|Oplodidaskalia sive Armorvm Tractandorvm Meditatio Alberti Dvreri (MS 26-232)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Augsburg Transcription II]] (1553){{edit index|Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)}}<br/></p>
+
! <p>[[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Augsburg Transcription]] (1553){{edit index|Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)}}<br/>by [[Werner Ueberschär]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|Rostock Transcription]] (1570-71){{edit index|Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|Rostock Transcription]] (1570-71){{edit index|Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <p>{{red|b=1|Here begins the Art with the Short Sword in Dueling, of Master Johannes Liechtenauer, God have mercy on him,}}<br/><br/></p>
+
| <p>{{red|b=1|Here begins the Art with the Short Sword in Dueling, of Master Johannes Liechtenauer, God have mercy on him,}}</p>
 +
 
 +
<p><br/></p>
  
 
{| class="zettel"
 
{| class="zettel"
Line 1,498: Line 1,615:
 
| Then approach him<br/>&emsp;To surely attend to grasp
 
| Then approach him<br/>&emsp;To surely attend to grasp
 
|}
 
|}
| <p><br/><br/><br/></p>
+
| <p><br/><br/></p>
 +
 
 +
<p><br/></p>
  
{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|60r|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|53v|jpg|p=1}}
+
{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|60r|jpg|p=1}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 048v.jpg|1|lbl=48v}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 048v.jpg|1|lbl=48v}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008v.jpg|1|lbl=08v}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008v.jpg|1|lbl=08v}}
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|2|lbl=105v}}
+
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|10|lbl=105v}}
 +
|
 +
|
 +
{{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|199r|jpg|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 199v.jpg|1|lbl=199v|p=1}}
 
|  
 
|  
| {{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|199r|jpg}}
 
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 199v.jpg|1|lbl=199v}}
 
 
|  
 
|  
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|15|lbl=18v}}
+
{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|15|lbl=18v|p=1}} {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 019r.jpg|1|lbl=19r|p=1}}
 
 
{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 019r.jpg|1|lbl=19r}}
 
 
|  
 
|  
  
Line 1,527: Line 1,644:
 
| <small>10</small>
 
| <small>10</small>
 
| From both sides<br/>&emsp;If you want to skillfully end
 
| From both sides<br/>&emsp;If you want to skillfully end
 +
|}
 +
| {{paget|Page:MS 3227a|61v|jpg}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 048v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|11|lbl=105v}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS M.I.29 129r.jpg|1|lbl=129r}}
 +
|
 +
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 199v.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 200r.jpg|1|lbl=200r|p=1}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS 26-232 100v.png|4|lbl=100v}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 019r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Var.82 074v.png|2|lbl=74v|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Var.82 075r.png|1|lbl=75r|p=1}}
 +
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
{| class="zettel"
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| <small>11</small>
 
| <small>11</small>
Line 1,554: Line 1,690:
 
| <small>19</small>
 
| <small>19</small>
 
| In all teachings<br/>&emsp;Turn the point against the openings
 
| In all teachings<br/>&emsp;Turn the point against the openings
 +
|}
 +
| {{paget|Page:MS 3227a|59v|jpg}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 048v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
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|
 +
{{section|Page:MS M.I.29 129r.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS M.I.29 129v.jpg|1|lbl=129v|p=1}}
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|
 +
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 200r.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 200v.jpg|1|lbl=200v|p=1}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS 26-232 100v.png|5|lbl=100v}}
 +
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 019r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| {{section|Page:MS Var.82 075r.png|2|lbl=-}}
 +
 +
|-
 +
| class="noline" |
 +
{| class="zettel"
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| <small>20</small>
 
| <small>20</small>
Line 1,585: Line 1,737:
 
| The forward foot<br/>&emsp;With striking you must protect.
 
| The forward foot<br/>&emsp;With striking you must protect.
 
|}
 
|}
|  
+
| class="noline" | {{paget|Page:MS 3227a|60v|jpg}}
{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|61v|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|59v|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:MS 3227a|60v|jpg|p=1}}
+
| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 048v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
| <p><br/></p>
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| class="noline" |
 +
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008v.jpg|4|lbl=-|p=1}} {{paget|Page:Cod.44.A.8|009r|jpg|1|lbl=09r|p=1}}
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| class="noline" |
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{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|13|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS KK5126 106r.jpg|1|lbl=106r|p=1}}
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| class="noline" |  
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{{section|Page:MS M.I.29 129v.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS M.I.29 130r.jpg|1|lbl=130r|p=1}}
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| class="noline" |
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{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 200v.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 201r.jpg|1|lbl=201r|p=1}}
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| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS 26-232 100v.png|6|lbl=-}}
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| class="noline" |
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{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 019r.jpg|4|lbl=-|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 019v.jpg|1|lbl=-|p=1}}
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| class="noline" | {{section|Page:MS Var.82 075r.png|3|lbl=-}}
  
{{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 048v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
+
|}
|
 
{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008v.jpg|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{paget|Page:Cod.44.A.8|009r|jpg|p=1}}
 
|
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 105v.jpg|3|lbl=105v|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS KK5126 106r.jpg|1|lbl=106r|p=1}}
 
|
 
{{paget|Page:MS M.I.29|129r|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{paget|Page:MS M.I.29|129v|jpg|p=1}}<br/>{{section|Page:MS M.I.29 130r.jpg|1|lbl=130r|p=1}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 199v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
 
 
{{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|200r|jpg}}
 
 
 
{{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|200v|jpg}}
 
 
 
{{paget|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020|201r|jpg}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS 26-232 100v.png|4|lbl=100v}}
 
| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 019r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
 
 
{{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 019v.jpg|1|lbl=19v}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
 
 
{{section|Page:MS Var.82 074v.png|2|lbl=74v|p=1}} {{paget|Page:MS Var.82|075r|png|lbl=75r|p=1}}
 
 
 
|}
 
 
{{master end}}
 
{{master end}}
 
In addition to the verses on mounted fencing, several treatises in the Liechtenauer tradition include a group of twenty-six "figures" (''figuren'')—single line abbreviations of the longer couplets, generally drawn in circles, which seem to sum up the most important points. The precise reason for the existence of these figures remains unknown, as does the reason why there are no equivalents for the armored fencing or unarmored fencing verses.
 
 
One clue to their significance may be a parallel set of teachings first recorded by [[Andre Paurñfeyndt]] in 1516, called the "Twelve Teachings for the Beginning Fencer".<ref>[[Andre Paurñfeyndt]], et al. [[Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey (Andre Paurñfeyndt)|Ergrundung Ritterlicher Kunst der Fechterey]]. [[Hieronymus Vietor]]: Vienna, 1516.</ref> These teachings are also generally abbreviations of longer passages in the Bloßfechten, and are similarly repeated in many treatises throughout the 16th century. It may be that the figures are a mnemonic that represent the initial stage of mounted fencing instruction, and that the full verse was taught only afterward.
 
  
 
{{master begin
 
{{master begin
 
   | title = Figures
 
   | title = Figures
   | width = 196em
+
   | width = 210em
 
}}
 
}}
{| class="floated master"
+
{| class="master"
 
|-  
 
|-  
! <p>Images<br/>from the [[Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)|Codex 44.A.8]]</p>
+
! <p>Images<br/>from the [[Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Version]]</p>
 
! <p>{{rating|A|Translation (from the Rome)}}<br/>by [[Christian Tobler]]</p>
 
! <p>{{rating|A|Translation (from the Rome)}}<br/>by [[Christian Tobler]]</p>
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|Gotha Version]] (1443){{edit index|Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)|Gotha Transcription]] (1448){{edit index|Talhoffer Fechtbuch (MS Chart.A.558)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Version]] (1452){{edit index|Codex Danzig (Cod.44.A.8)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)|Rome Transcription]] (1452){{edit index|Starhemberg Fechtbuch (Cod.44.A.8)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)|Glasgow Version]] (1508){{edit index|Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)|Glasgow Transcription]] (1508){{edit index|Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
! <p>[[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Krakow Version]] (1510-20){{edit index|Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)}}<br/>by [[Per Magnus Haaland]]</p>
+
! <p>[[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Krakow Transcription]] (1510-20){{edit index|Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)}}<br/>by [[Per Magnus Haaland]]</p>
! <p>[[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Augsburg Version II]] (1553){{edit index|Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)}}<br/></p>
+
! <p>[[Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)|Augsburg Ⅱ Transcription]] (1553){{edit index|Rast Fechtbuch (Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82)}}<br/>by [[Werner Ueberschär]]</p>
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
Line 1,649: Line 1,786:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
| {{paget|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82|018r|jpg|lbl=18r}}
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|4|lbl=18r}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
Line 1,657: Line 1,794:
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|1|lbl=74r}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|1|lbl=74r}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
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| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
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| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
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| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
Line 1,689: Line 1,826:
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
Line 1,697: Line 1,834:
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
|  
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
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| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
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| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
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| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
|  
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
Line 1,729: Line 1,866:
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
|  
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|13|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
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| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|14|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
Line 1,745: Line 1,882:
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074r.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|13|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|13|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|15|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
Line 1,753: Line 1,890:
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|1|lbl=74v}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|1|lbl=74v}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|14|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|14|lbl=-}}
| {{paget|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82|018v|jpg|lbl=18v}}
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018r.jpg|16|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| rowspan="14" | [[File:Cod.44.A.8 8r.jpg|300px|center]]
+
| class="noline" rowspan="14" | [[File:Cod.44.A.8 8r.jpg|300px|center]]
 
| <p>{{red|The 14th Figure:}} Turn around again to where the horses hasten.</p>
 
| <p>{{red|The 14th Figure:}} Turn around again to where the horses hasten.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 023r.jpg|1|lbl=23r}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Chart.A.558 023r.jpg|1|lbl=23r}}
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| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|15|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 165v.jpg|15|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|1|lbl=18v}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
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| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|1|lbl=166r}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|1|lbl=166r}}
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
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| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
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| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
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| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
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|-  
 
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| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
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|-  
 
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| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
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|-  
 
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| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
|  
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|-  
 
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| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
|  
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
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| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
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|-  
 
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| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 074v.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
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|-  
 
|-  
Line 1,850: Line 1,987:
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 075r.jpg|1|lbl=75r}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 075r.jpg|1|lbl=75r}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
|  
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
Line 1,858: Line 1,995:
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 075r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS E.1939.65.341 075r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 166r.jpg|12|lbl=-}}
|  
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| {{section|Page:Reichsstadt "Schätze" Nr. 82 018v.jpg|13|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
| <p>{{red|If you want to grasp, you should not fail to ride beside him. Execute the Sun Pointer to the left sleeve if you want to bend.}}</p>
+
| class="noline" | <p>{{red|If you want to grasp, you should not fail to ride beside him. Execute the Sun Pointer to the left sleeve if you want to bend.}}</p>
  
 
<p>Who attacks you with that, grasp over against him and he will be shamed. Press the arm to the head. This grip often robs the saddle.</p>
 
<p>Who attacks you with that, grasp over against him and he will be shamed. Press the arm to the head. This grip often robs the saddle.</p>
|  
+
| class="noline" |  
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 008r.jpg|14|lbl=08r}}
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| source link = http://fecht-kunst.eu/files/wilhalm_prepis.pdf
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* [[Christian Henry Tobler|Tobler, Christian Henry]]. ''In Service of the Duke: The 15th Century Fighting Treatise of Paulus Kal''. Highland Village, TX: [[Chivalry Bookshelf]], 2006. ISBN 978-1-891448-25-6
 
* [[Christian Henry Tobler|Tobler, Christian Henry]]. ''In Service of the Duke: The 15th Century Fighting Treatise of Paulus Kal''. Highland Village, TX: [[Chivalry Bookshelf]], 2006. ISBN 978-1-891448-25-6
 
* [[Christian Henry Tobler|Tobler, Christian Henry]]. ''Secrets of German Medieval Swordsmanship''. Highland Village, TX: Chivalry Bookshelf, 2001. ISBN 1-891448-07-2
 
* [[Christian Henry Tobler|Tobler, Christian Henry]]. ''Secrets of German Medieval Swordsmanship''. Highland Village, TX: Chivalry Bookshelf, 2001. ISBN 1-891448-07-2
* [[Jeffrey Hull|Hull, Jeffrey]], with [[Monika Maziarz|Maziarz, Monika]] and [[Grzegorz Żabiński|Żabiński, Grzegorz]]. ''Knightly Dueling: The Fighting Arts of German Chivalry''. Boulder, CO: [[Paladin Press]], 2007. ISBN 978-1581606744
+
* [[Jeffrey Hull|Hull, Jeffrey]], with [[Monika Maziarz|Maziarz, Monika]] and [[Grzegorz Żabiński|Żabiński, Grzegorz]]. ''[http://www.academia.edu/1035644/Knightly_Dueling_the_Fighting_Arts_of_German_Chivalry Knightly Dueling: The Fighting Arts of German Chivalry]''. Boulder, CO: [[Paladin Press]], 2007. ISBN 978-1581606744
 
* [[Martin Wierschin|Wierschin, Martin]] (in German). ''Meister Johann Liechtenauers Kunst des Fechtens''. Muunich: C. H. Beck, 1965.
 
* [[Martin Wierschin|Wierschin, Martin]] (in German). ''Meister Johann Liechtenauers Kunst des Fechtens''. Muunich: C. H. Beck, 1965.
 
* [[Grzegorz Żabiński|Żabiński, Grzegorz]]. ''The Longsword Teachings of Master Liechtenauer. The Early Sixteenth Century Swordsmanship Comments in the "Goliath" Manuscript.'' Poland: [[Adam Marshall]], 2010. ISBN 978-83-7611-662-4
 
* [[Grzegorz Żabiński|Żabiński, Grzegorz]]. ''The Longsword Teachings of Master Liechtenauer. The Early Sixteenth Century Swordsmanship Comments in the "Goliath" Manuscript.'' Poland: [[Adam Marshall]], 2010. ISBN 978-83-7611-662-4
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[[Category:Longsword]]
 
[[Category:Longsword]]
 
[[Category:Mounted Fencing]]
 
[[Category:Mounted Fencing]]
 +
 +
[[Category:New format]]

Latest revision as of 21:06, 19 February 2021

Die Zettel
The Recital
Johannes Liechtenauer.png
Full Title A Recital on the Chivalric
Art of Fencing
Ascribed to Johannes Liechtenauer
Illustrated by Unknown
Date Fifteenth century (?)
Genre
Language Early New High German
Archetype(s) Hypothetical
Manuscript(s)
First Printed
English Edition
Tobler, 2010
Concordance by Michael Chidester
Translations

Johannes Liechtenauer (Hans Lichtenauer, Lichtnawer) was a German fencing master in the 14th or 15th century. No direct record of his life or teachings currently exists, and all that we know of both comes from the writings of other masters and scholars. The only account of his life was written by the anonymous author of the Pol Hausbuch, one of the oldest texts in the tradition, who stated that "Master Liechtenauer learnt and mastered the Art in a thorough and rightful way, but he did not invent and put together this Art (as was just stated). Instead, he traveled and searched many countries with the will of learning and mastering this rightful and true Art." He may have been alive at the time of the creation of the fencing treatise contained in the Pol Hausbuch, as that source is the only one to fail to accompany his name with a blessing for the dead.

Liechtenauer was described by many later masters as the "high master" or "grand master" of the art, and a long poem called the Zettel ("Recital") is generally attributed to him by these masters. Later masters in the tradition often wrote extensive glosses (commentaries) on this poem, using it to structure their own martial teachings. Liechtenauer's influence on the German fencing tradition as we currently understand it is almost impossible to overstate. The masters on Paulus Kal's roll of the Fellowship of Liechtenauer were responsible for most of the most significant fencing manuals of the 15th century, and Liechtenauer and his teachings were also the focus of the German fencing guilds that arose in the 15th and 16th centuries, including the Marxbrüder and the Veiterfechter.

Additional facts have sometimes been presumed about Liechtenauer based on often-problematic premises. The Pol Hausbuch, often erroneously dated to 1389 and presumed to be written by a direct student of Liechtenauer's, has been treated as evidence placing Liechtenauer's career in the mid-1300s.[1] However, given that the Pol Hausbuch may date as late as 1494 and the earliest records of the identifiable members of his tradition appear in the mid 1400s, it seems more probable that Liechtenauer's career occurred toward the beginning of the 15th century. Ignoring the Pol Hausbuch as being of indeterminate date, the oldest version of the Recital that is attributed to Liechtenauer was recorded by Hans Talhoffer in the MS Chart.A.558 (ca. 1448), which further supports this timeline.[2]

Treatise

Liechtenauer's teachings are preserved in a long poem of rhyming couplets called the Zettel ("Recital"), covering fencing with the "long" or extended sword (i.e. with both hands at one end of the sword), the "short" or withdrawn sword (i.e. with one hand at either end), and on horseback. These "obscure and cryptic words" were designed to prevent the uninitiated from learning the techniques they represented; they also seem to have offered a system of mnemonic devices to those who understood their significance. The Recital was treated as the core of the Art by his students, and masters such as Sigmund ain Ringeck, Peter von Danzig zum Ingolstadt, and Lew wrote extensive glosses that sought to clarify and expand upon these teachings.

In addition to the verses on mounted fencing, several treatises in the Liechtenauer tradition include a group of twenty-six "figures" (figuren)—phrases that are shorter than Liechtenauer's couplets and often arranged into the format of a Medieval tree diagram. These figures seem to encode the same teachings as the verses of the mounted fencing, and both are quoted in the mounted glosses. However, figures follow a very different structure than the Zettel does, and seem to present an alternative sequence for studying Liechtneauer's techniques. It is not known why the mounted fencing is the only section of the Recital to receive figures in addition to verse.

Seventeen manuscripts contain a presentation of at least one section of the Recital as a distinct (unglossed) section; there are dozens more presentations of the verse as part of one of the several glosses. The longest version of the Recital by far is actually found in one of these glosses, that of the Pol Hausbuch, which contains almost twice as many verses as any other; however, given that the additional verses tend to either consist of repetitions from elsewhere in the Recital or use a very different style from Liechtenauer's work, they are generally treated as additions by the anonymous author or his instructor rather than being part of the original Recital. The other surviving versions of the Recital from all periods show a high degree of consistency in both content and organization, excepting only that attributed to Beringer (which is also included in the writings of Hans Folz).

The following concordance tables include only those texts that quote Liechtenauer's Recital in an unglossed form.[3] Most manuscripts present the Recital as prose, and those have had the text separated out into the original verses to offer a consistent view. For ease of use, this page breaks the general Wiktenauer rule that column format remain consistent across all tables on a page; the sheer number of Liechtenauer sources made this convention entirely unworkable, with more columns empty than filled, so instead the long sword table uses one layout, the mounted and short sword tables use another, and the figures use a third.

Additional Resources

References

  1. Christian Henry Tobler. "Chicken and Eggs: Which Master Came First?" In Saint George's Name: An Anthology of Medieval German Fighting Arts. Wheaton, IL: Freelance Academy Press, 2010. p6
  2. There is one version of the Recital that predates Talhoffer's, recorded in MS G.B.f.18a (ca. 1418-28) and attributed to an H. Beringer; this also conforms to a 15th century timeline and suggests the possibility that Liechtenauer was himself an inheritor of the teachings contained in the Zettel rather than its original composer (presentations of the Recital that are entirely unattributed exist in other 15th and 16th century manuscripts). Alternatively, the Beringer verse, which includes only portions of the Recital on the Long Sword, may represent just one of the teachings that Liechtenauer received and compiled over the course of the journeys described in 3227a.
  3. The figures are often given as a preamble for the gloss of Lew, and a fragment of the short sword to the teachings of Martin Huntsfeld, but those instances will not be included below and instead treated as part of those treatises.
  4. The text diverges here, omitting Liechtenauer's couplet and inserting this quatrain instead:
    Dagge swert stãge lãse schon
    Messer bockler has vñ rõken
    Taegñ darde vnd schilt
    Miden allen zu ringe~ uff du wilt
  5. First letter almost illegible.
  6. First letter illegible.
  7. Talhoffer adds the following couplet: "Nun merck aber furbaß / und verstand ouch gar rechte daz".
  8. Text terminates at this point. The leaves with the rest of the text are gone, probably lost.
  9. kam
  10. deinen
  11. faler
  12. Talhoffer breaks up the Haupstucke differently, and inserts the following additional couplet: "überlouffen bind wol an / nit stand luog waß er kan".
  13. Text adds an additional couplet: "hastu es vernomen zu kain / schlag mag er komen".
  14. Text adds an additional couplet: "hast dus vernomen / zu kaim schlag mag er komen".
  15. Text adds an additional couplet: "hastu es vernomen / zu kainen schlag mag er komen."
  16. Talhoffer expands upon Liechtenauer's couplet and adds two additional lines: "und erschrick ab kainem man / stand und sich in ernstlich an".
  17. Text adds an additional line: "das son ich vernomen".
  18. Text adds an additional line: "ha das han ich vernomen".
  19. There is no space between "Dupliere" and "doniden", the "D" was possibly added later.
  20. Text adds an additional line: "dz haw ich vermunen??".
  21. Corrected from »Im«.
  22. The text doubles the title of this section.
  23. 23.0 23.1 Corrected from »Twir«.
  24. haust
  25. Talhoffer adds an additional couplet: [4r] "So machst du in wol betöwben / Die faller in kunst berowben"
  26. Hier hat der Schreiber offensichtlich ein Häkchen vergessen.
  27. should be "dreffen"
  28. This section is followed by one titled "Von durchlauffen ab seczen", which repeat the verse on Absetzen.
  29. Talhoffer adds four additional verses: "und gang nach an den man / stoss mit dem ghiltz schon / wiltu denn nit schallen / so hastu zway eynfallen".
  30. Text adds an additional couplet: "Das schwertt bind / zu der fleche truck in die hend".
  31. Text adds an additional couplet: "Das schwert binden / zu der flech trukh in die hand"
  32. Talhoffer begins this section with two additional verses: "wer dir zestarck welle sin / heng fall im oben eyn".
  33. Text adds an additional couplet: "thutt er sich gegen dir greisen / schlagen das er seisse".
  34. Text adds an additional couplet: "thutt er sich gegen dir greifen / schlagen das er Seise".
  35. Text adds an additional couplet: "thuet er sich gegen dir raisen / schlagen dz er seisse."
  36. ";" in a circle
  37. A guide letter “w” is visible under the “U” (apparently ignored by the rubricator), making the intended word “Wer”.
  38. Hier ist anscheinend dem Schreiber das Leerzeichen verrutscht.