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{{master begin
 
{{master begin
 
   | title = Mounted Fencing Gloss
 
   | title = Mounted Fencing Gloss
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! <p>[[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Kraków Transcription]] (1535-40){{edit index|Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)|Kraków Transcription]] (1535-40){{edit index|Goliath Fechtbuch (MS Germ.Quart.2020)}}<br/>by [[Michael Chidester]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|Vienna Transcription]] (1480s){{edit index|Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 
! <p>[[Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)|Vienna Transcription]] (1480s){{edit index|Paulus Kal Fechtbuch (MS KK5126)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
 +
! <p>[[Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)|Rostock Transcription]] (ca. 1570){{edit index|Fechtbuch zu Ross und zu Fuss (MS Var.82)}}<br/>by [[Dierk Hagedorn]]</p>
  
 
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| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 039v.jpg|1|lbl=39v}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 039v.jpg|1|lbl=39v}}
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{{section|Page:MS KK5126 114r.jpg|3|lbl=114r|p=1}}<ref>The rest of this paragraph appears after paragraph 6, but has been moved here for consistency with the other versions.</ref> {{section|Page:MS KK5126 114r.jpg|7|lbl=-|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 114r.jpg|3|lbl=114r|p=1}}<ref>The rest of this paragraph appears after paragraph 6, but has been moved here for consistency with the other versions.</ref> {{section|Page:MS KK5126 114r.jpg|7|lbl=-|p=1}}
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{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 167r.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 167v.jpg|1|lbl=167v|p=1}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 167r.jpg|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 167v.jpg|1|lbl=167v|p=1}}
 
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| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 110v.png|2|lbl=110v}}
  
 
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{{section|Page:MS KK5126 114v.jpg|1|lbl=114v}}
 
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 114v.jpg|1|lbl=114v}}
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| <p><br/><br/></p>
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 +
<p><br/><br/><br/><br/></p>
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{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 110v.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 111r.png|1|lbl=111r|p=1}}
  
 
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{{section|Page:MS KK5126 114v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
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| <p>[17] {{red|b=1|Here note a sword taking}}</p>
 
| <p>[17] {{red|b=1|Here note a sword taking}}</p>
  
<p>Note, when you come with the left side to his right, if he has then drawn your [sic] sword and rises with the arm and wants to strike you, then grab his right arm with the left hand behind the elbow, and shove him above with it from you, and raise his right below with the left foot under the stirrup leather, and grab his sword with the right hand by the pommel, and jolt it to you with it, so you take his sword, and additionally shove him as such from the horse.</p>
+
<p>Note, when you come with the left side to his right, if he has then drawn your [sic] sword and rises with the arm and wants to strike you, then grab his right arm with the left hand behind the elbow, and shove him above with it from you, and raise his right below with the left foot under the stirrup leather,</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 040av.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 040av.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 180r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 180r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 114v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 114v.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 +
| <p><br/></p>
 +
 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 111v.png|1|lbl=111v}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
|  
 
|  
| <p>[18] {{red|b=1|The third figure teaches this,}} which says “With brushing, saddle rim or takes weapon.</p>
+
| <p>[] and grab his sword with the right hand by the pommel, and jolt it to you with it, so you take his sword, and additionally shove him as such from the horse.</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 040av.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 040av.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 180r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 180r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 114v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
 
|  
 
|  
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{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 111v.png|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 112r.png|1|lbl=112r|p=1}}
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|-
 +
|
 +
| <p>[18] {{red|b=1|The third figure teaches this,}} which says “With brushing, saddle rim or takes weapon.”</p>
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| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 040av.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
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<p>Note, when you both have missed with the lance, if you may then not come with the left side to his right, then hold and throw him with the “sun showing” or with the sheep hold, and how you shall drive the two wrestles, you shall find that written hereafter.</p>
 
<p>Note, when you both have missed with the lance, if you may then not come with the left side to his right, then hold and throw him with the “sun showing” or with the sheep hold, and how you shall drive the two wrestles, you shall find that written hereafter.</p>
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 040av.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 040av.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 181r.jpg|1|lbl=181r}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 181r.jpg|1|lbl=181r}}
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 114v.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 114v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 112r.png|3|lbl=-}}
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
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<p>Note, when you come with the right side to his right, if he has then drawn his sword and rises with it and wants to strike, then grab his right arm with the left hand behind the elbow, and raise it firmly, and with the right, grip his sword by the pommel, and jolt it out of his hand.</p>
 
<p>Note, when you come with the right side to his right, if he has then drawn his sword and rises with it and wants to strike, then grab his right arm with the left hand behind the elbow, and raise it firmly, and with the right, grip his sword by the pommel, and jolt it out of his hand.</p>
 
|  
 
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{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 040av.jpg|5|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 041r.jpg|1|lbl=41r|p=1}}
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{{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 040av.jpg|6|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 041r.jpg|1|lbl=41r|p=1}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 181r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 181r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 114v.jpg|5|lbl=-}}
+
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 114v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
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| <p><br/></p>
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 +
{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 112r.png|4|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 112v.png|1|lbl=112v|p=1}}
  
 
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| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 114v.jpg|6|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 112v.png|2|lbl=-}}
  
 
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| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 114v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
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{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 112v.png|3|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 113r.png|1|lbl=113r|p=1}}
  
 
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| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
{{section|Page:MS KK5126 114v.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
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| <p><br/></p>
 
| <p><br/></p>
  
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| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 115r.jpg|4|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 115r.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 115r.jpg|8|lbl=-}}
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{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 116v.png|2|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 117r.png|1|lbl=117r|p=1}}
  
 
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| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 115r.jpg|9|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 174v.jpg|1|lbl=174v}}
 
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| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 115r.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 115r.jpg|10|lbl=-}}
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{{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 117v.png|1|lbl=117v|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 118r.png|1|lbl=118r|p=1}}
  
 
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| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 115r.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 115r.jpg|11|lbl=-}}
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| {{section|Page:MS Dresd.C.487 118r.png|3|lbl=}}
  
 
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{{section|Page:MS KK5126 115r.jpg|13|lbl=-|p=1}} {{section|Page:MS KK5126 115v.jpg|1|lbl=115v|p=1}}
 
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<br/><br/><br/>{{section|Page:MS KK5126 115v.jpg|4|lbl=115v|p=1}}
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{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 185v.jpg|1|lbl=185v}}
 
{{section|Page:MS Germ.Quart.2020 185v.jpg|1|lbl=185v}}
 
| {{section|Page:MS KK5126 115v.jpg|7|lbl=-}}
 
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| <p>[59] {{red|b=1|The tenth figure teaches this,}} which says “Search for the openings, arm, leather, glove, under the eyes.”</p>
 
| <p>[59] {{red|b=1|The tenth figure teaches this,}} which says “Search for the openings, arm, leather, glove, under the eyes.”</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 045r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
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| <p>[61] {{red|b=1|The 12th figure teaches this,}} which says “With empty hand, two sweeps against all weapons.”</p>
 
| <p>[61] {{red|b=1|The 12th figure teaches this,}} which says “With empty hand, two sweeps against all weapons.”</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 045v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
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| <p>[64] {{red|b=1|The 13th figure teaches this,}} which says “The sheep hold wards all holds, wrestle under eyes.”</p>
 
| <p>[64] {{red|b=1|The 13th figure teaches this,}} which says “The sheep hold wards all holds, wrestle under eyes.”</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 046r.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
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| <p>[89] {{red|b=1|The 15th figure<ref>Typo in the source, should be 25 (xxv)</ref> teaches this,}} which says “Think about the knife taking and keeping, etc.”</p>
 
| <p>[89] {{red|b=1|The 15th figure<ref>Typo in the source, should be 25 (xxv)</ref> teaches this,}} which says “Think about the knife taking and keeping, etc.”</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 049r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 049r.jpg|3|lbl=-}}
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| <p>[92] {{red|b=1|The twenty-third figure teaches this,}} which says “The unnamed hold, takes weapons or falls him.”</p>
 
| <p>[92] {{red|b=1|The twenty-third figure teaches this,}} which says “The unnamed hold, takes weapons or falls him.”</p>
 
| {{section|Page:Cod.44.A.8 049v.jpg|2|lbl=-}}
 
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==Temp==
 
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Revision as of 03:25, 19 March 2021

Gloss and Interpretation of the Recital
die gloss und die auslegung der zettel des langen schwerts
Johannes Liechtenauer.jpg
Author(s) Unknown
Ascribed to Pseudo-Peter von Danzig
Illustrated by Unknown
Date before 1452
Genre
Language Early New High German
State of Existence Original hypothetical;
multiple branches exist
Principal
Manuscript(s)
Manuscript(s)
First Printed
English Edition
Tobler, 2010
Concordance by Michael Chidester
Translations

"Pseudo-Peter von Danzig" is the name given to an anonymous 15th century German fencing master.[1] Some time before the creation of the Starhemberg Fechtbuch in 1452, he authored a gloss of Johannes Liechtenauer's Recital (Zettel) which would go on to become the most widespread in the tradition. While the identity of the glossator remains unknown, it is possible that he was in fact Lew, a name associated with one of the branches of the gloss (see below), or Sigmund ain Ringeck, whose gloss shows strong similarities to the work. On the other hand, the introduction to the Rome version of the text could be construed as attributing it to Liechtenauer himself.

Stemma

Early on in its history, the prototype of the Pseudo-Peter von Danzig gloss seems to have split into at least three branches, and no definite copies of the unaltered original are known to survive. The gloss of Sigmund ain Ringeck also seems to be related to this work, due to the considerable overlap in text and contents, but it is currently unclear if Ringeck's gloss is based on that of pseudo-Danzig or if they both derive from an even earlier original gloss (or even if Ringeck and pseudo-Danzig are the same author and the "Ringeck" gloss should be considered Branch D).

Branch A, first attested in the Augsburg version (1450s) and comprising the majority of extant copies, has more plays overall than Branch B but generally shorter descriptions in areas of overlap. It also glosses only Liechtenauer's Recital on long sword and mounted fencing; in lieu of a gloss of Liechtenauer's short sword, it is generally accompanied by the short sword teachings of Andre Lignitzer and Martin Huntsfeld (or, in the case of the 1512 Vienna II, Ringeck's short sword gloss). Branch A is sometimes called the Lew gloss, based on a potential attribution at the end of the mounted gloss in a few copies. Apart from the Augsburg, the other principal version in Branch A is the Salzburg version (1491), which was copied independently[2] and also incorporates twelve paragraphs from Ringeck's gloss and nineteen paragraphs from an unidentified third source. Branch A was redacted by Paulus Hector Mair (three mss., 1540s), Lienhart Sollinger (1556), and Joachim Meyer (1570), which despite being the latest is the cleanest extant version and was likely either copied directly from the original or created by comparing multiple versions to correct their errors. It was also one of the bases for Johannes Lecküchner's gloss on the Messer in the late 1470s.

Branch B, attested first in the Rome version (1452), is found in only four manuscripts; it tends to feature slightly longer descriptions than Branch A, but includes fewer plays overall. Branch B glosses Liechtenauer's entire Recital, including the short sword section, and may therefore be considered more complete than Branch A; it also differs from Branch A in that three of the five known copies are illustrated to some extent, where none in the other branch are. The Krakow version (1535-40) seems to be an incomplete (though extensively illustrated) copy taken from the Rome,[3] while Augsburg II (1564) collects only the six illustrated wrestling plays from the Krakow. Even more anomalous is the Glasgow version (1508), consisting solely of a nearly-complete redaction of the short sword gloss (assigning it to Branch B), which is appended to the opening paragraphs of Ringeck's gloss of the same section; since it accompanies Ringeck's long sword and mounted fencing glosses, a possible explanation is that the scribe lacked a complete copy of Ringeck and tried to fill in the deficit with another similar text. The other version of Branch B is the Vienna, which includes the mounted and short sword sections but omits the long sword in favor of Branch C.

Branch C is first attested in the Vienna version (1480s), and only glosses the long sword. It is unclear whether it was derived independently from the original, represents an intermediate evolutionary step between Branches A and B, or was created by simply merging copies of the other branches together. The structure and contents of this branch very closely align with Branch B, lacking most of the unique plays of Branch A and including the gloss of the short sword, but the actual text is more consistent with that of Branch A (though not identical). The other substantial copy of Branch C is Augsburg III (1553), which was created by Paulus Hector Mair based on the writings of Antonius Rast, and which segues into the text of Ringeck's gloss for the final eighteen paragraphs. A substantial fragment of this gloss is present in five additional 16th century manuscripts alongside the illustrated treatise of Jörg Wilhalm Hutter; while four appear to be attributed to Hutter in the 1520s, one, Glasgow II (1533), assigns the text a much earlier origin, stating that it was recorded by one Nicolaüs in 1489. This branch has received the least attention and is currently the least understood.

(A final text of interest is the treatise of Hans Medel von Salzburg, which was acquired by Mair in 1539[4] and bound into the Cod. I.6.2º.5 after 1566.[5] Medel demonstrates familiarity with the teachings of a variety of 15th century Liechtenauer masters, and his text often takes the form of a revision and expansion of the long sword glosses of Ringeck and Nicolaüs. Because of the extent of the original and mixed content, Medel's versions are not included in any of these pages.)

Treatise

While all branches were originally presented in a single concordance in this article, the differences between them are extensive enough that they merit separate consideration. Thus, Branch A has been placed on the page of Lew, Branch B has been retained here, and branch C is now on the Nicolaüs page.

For easier comparison between the two most complete versions, the Kraków has been removed from its chronological position and placed alongside the Rome.

The text of the Krakow version of Pseudo-Danzig frequently refers to intended illustrations, some of which were never added to the manuscript. The appropriate blank pages are included in the illustration column for reference. It's possible (though not likely, given what we know about its origins) that this manuscript was replicating another one with a complete set of illustrations; if this ever surfaces, the illustrations will be replaced.

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