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Andre Liegniczer

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Andre Liegniczer
Born date of birth unknown
Legnica, Poland
Died before 1452
Relative(s) Jacob Liegniczer (brother)
Occupation Fencing master
Movement Fellowship of Liechtenauer
Genres
Language Early New High German
Manuscript(s)
First Printed
English Edition
Tobler, 2010
Concordance by Michael Chidester
Translations

Andre Liegniczer (Andres Lignitzer) was a late 14th or early 15th century German fencing master. His name might signify that he came from Legnica, Poland. While Liegniczer's precise lifetime is uncertain, he seems to have died some time before the creation of Codex Danzig in 1452.[1] He had a brother named Jacob Liegniczer who was also a fencing master,[2] but there is no record of any treatise Jacob may have authored. The only other fact that can be determined about Liegniczer's life is that his renown as a master was sufficient for Paulus Kal to include him, along with his brother, in his list of members of the Fellowship of Liechtenauer in 1470.[2]

An Andres Juden (Andres the Jew) is mentioned as a master associated with Liechtenauer in Codex Döbringer,[3] and Codex Speyer contains a guide to converting between long sword and Messer techniques written by a "Magister Andreas",[4] but it is not currently known whether either of these masters is Liegniczer.

Andre Liegniczer is best known for his teachings on sword and buckler, and some variation on this brief treatise is included in many compilation texts in the Liechtenauer tradition. He also authored treatises on fencing with the short sword, dagger, and grappling, though these appear less frequently. Liegniczer's sword and buckler teachings are sometimes attributed to Sigmund Schining ein Ringeck due to their unattributed inclusion in the MS Dresden C.487, but this is clearly incorrect.

Treatises

Note that the Augsburg and Salzburg versions of Liegniczer's treatise on short sword fencing are erroneously credited to Martin Huntfeltz.

Additional Resources

References

  1. He is given the traditional blessing on the dead on folio 73r.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kal, Paulus. Untitled [manuscript]. Cgm 1507. Munich, Germany: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, 1470.
  3. Anonymous. Untitled [manuscript]. MS 3227a. Nuremberg, Germany: Germanisches Nationalmuseum, ca.1389.
  4. von Speyer, Hans. Untitled [manuscript]. MS M.I.29. Salzburg, Austria: Universitätsbibliothek Salzburg, 1491.